CN106050271B - A kind of tunnel ditch die set device and its construction method - Google Patents

A kind of tunnel ditch die set device and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106050271B
CN106050271B CN201610708624.8A CN201610708624A CN106050271B CN 106050271 B CN106050271 B CN 106050271B CN 201610708624 A CN201610708624 A CN 201610708624A CN 106050271 B CN106050271 B CN 106050271B
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China
Prior art keywords
mould bases
wedge
die set
set device
shaped mould
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CN201610708624.8A
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CN106050271A (en
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刘国强
王俊涛
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Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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Seventh Engineering Co Ltd of China Railway 19th Bureau Group Co Ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F16/00Drainage
    • E21F16/02Drainage of tunnels

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of tunnel ditch die set device and its construction method, ditch die set device includes the first oil cylinder, wherein, ditch die set device also includes adjustment unit, two wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged and support shaft, adjustment unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, adjusting handle is arranged on carrier bar, carrier bar is connected with the end of the first oil cylinder, each screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a wedge-shaped mould bases, and support shaft is connected with two wedge-shaped mould bases respectively through carrier bar.And the construction method of the ditch die set device.The ditch die set device and its construction method compared with prior art, have the advantages of construction quality is high, construction precision is high and demoulding time is short, can effectively shorten the construction period.

Description

A kind of tunnel ditch die set device and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of tunnel construction, specifically, be related to a kind of tunnel ditch die set device and Using the construction method of the ditch die set device.
Background technology
The ditch cable trench in tunnel is the appurtenant work for belonging to constructing tunnel, usually last one of work of constructing tunnel Sequence, it can only could organize to be constructed in the middle and later periods of constructing tunnel, so generally existing is great in constructing amount, the construction period is nervous etc. Problem.Meanwhile more than the linear poor, construction joint of ditch cable trench concrete construction long-term existence and the problems such as construction joint is difficult, and And because ditch cable trench is located at the both sides in tunnel, its presentation quality can also directly influence the overall standardization of constructing tunnel Image, so be to belong to one of the emphasis appurtenant work in constructing tunnel later stage, the requirement pole for also causing general contractor to construct it It is high.
At present, the construction of traditional tunnel ditch cable trough is mainly carried out assembled using knockdown small steel form, is taken Build the groove position of exhalent canal cable trough.And this form of construction work cause construction when, it is each pour section be required for carry out manual demolition, The step of transhipment, installation, debugging and calibration template, is, it is necessary to put into substantial amounts of labour.Meanwhile this form of construction work causes to construct Extremely inefficient and between steel form and steel form reinforcing pole is not firm, easily occurs to run the situation of mould.In addition, using assembly Mode is combined to steel form easily causes the groove bit line of ditch cable trench poor, is not easy the outward appearance that concreting comes out Control, and be stripped time at least need 14 hours, or even longer time, and then cause total process for up to 30 to 40 hours.
And in recent years, it is no lack of the chassis for the monoblock type for being constructed to ditch cable trench occur, because it has Running gear enables the chassis in construction to move freely, and template is installed, transport, torn open using hydraulic system Remove, debug and template correction etc., avoid the problem of manual operation efficiency is low low with precision so that the engineering time is greatly reduced, And integral construction efficiency and operability will be better than the form of construction work of traditional knockdown small steel form.But due to Ditch cable trench template belongs to non-bearing plate, and uses integrally closed U-shaped formwork structure, causes it to lift U vertically upward The stripping means of pattern plate have to overcome the atmospheric pressure caused by air-tightness.When concrete is without solidification completely or strong When spending inadequate, lifting U-shaped board, which carries out the demoulding, can cause ditch cable trench concrete structure large area damaged, cause existing ditch Cable trough construction trolley is influenceed on form removal activity time by concrete strength factor, and demoulding time at least as needs 14 small When.Although the time that existing ditch cable trench construction trolley carries out ditch cable trench construction shortens dramatically than traditional construction, But overall required engineering time is still longer.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the main object of the present invention is to provide the tunnel that a kind of construction quality is high and demoulding time is short Road ditch die set device.
Construction precision can be improved, save demoulding time and shortens the construction period it is a further object of the present invention to provide one kind Tunnel ditch die set device construction method.
In order to realize the main object of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of tunnel ditch die set device, including the first oil Cylinder, wherein, ditch die set device also includes adjustment unit, two wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged and support shaft, adjustment unit bag Include carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, adjusting handle to be arranged on carrier bar, carrier bar and the first oil cylinder End be hinged, each screw rod is connected between adjusting handle and a wedge-shaped mould bases, and support shaft is through carrier bar point It is not fixedly connected with two wedge-shaped mould bases.
Therefore the spacing between the wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged by adjusting the adjusting handle of adjustment unit to two It is adjusted so that axially opposing that of two wedge-shaped mould bases along screw rod are moved or moved each other opposite to each other so that ditch mould bases exists The concrete water groove that solidified will not be caused to damage when being stripped so that ditch mould bases is more convenient in the demoulding, Fast, the construction quality and speed of application of engineering are effectively raised.Compared with prior art, the ditch die set device is being stripped When the spacing that only needs to adjust between two wedge-shaped mould bases stripping operation can be achieved, avoid prior art oily by lifting The mode of cylinder carries out forced stripper mechanism, can prevent in the demoulding due to being made between ditch mould bases and concrete because suction is excessive Occur bursting apart into water groove and damaged, while can also effectively shorten the demoulding cycle of water groove.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes the second oil cylinder and spacing beam, the cylinder body installation of the second oil cylinder On carrier bar, the piston rod of the second oil cylinder is fixedly connected with spacing beam.
Therefore control spacing beam to be moved along the radial direction of screw rod by the second oil cylinder, and by spacing beam to two The individual wedge-shaped module being oppositely arranged carries out spacing and positioning, prevents when carrying out concreting, due to the phase between concrete Mutually extruding causes the relative position of two wedge-shaped mould bases to shift, and then causes the water groove after construction serious mistake occur Difference.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes chucking lug, and the top of chucking lug and wedge-shaped mould bases is fixed Connection.
Therefore chucking lug erects positioning and the effect of record to wedge-shaped die so that ditch die set device is to same When the different tunnel construction sections in one tunnel are constructed, can ensure the width of the water groove in whole tunnel can be consistent, and improve Construction precision, it ensure that construction quality.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes lead angle pipe, and lead angle pipe is fixedly connected with top.
Therefore in the demoulding, by being adjusted to lead angle pipe so that the edge of lead angle pipe and wedge-shaped mould bases is with mixing Solidifying soil separation so that air can enter to be touched with dog groove and with wedge-shaped mould bases, wedge-shaped die bridge joint, and then cause wedge-shaped mould bases, Wedge-shaped mould bases need not overcome the atmospheric pressure that confined space is formed in lifting process, reduce water groove and wedge-shaped mould bases, wedge Suction between shape mould bases, it is completely solidifying without waiting for the concrete of water groove when being stripped wedge-shaped mould bases, wedge-shaped mould bases Gu it can effectively avoid the corner angle of water groove that breakage occurs.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes sliding sleeve part and guide rod, and guide rod is hinged with carrier bar, Sliding sleeve part is socketed on the guide bar.
Therefore wedge-shaped mould bases is to drive carrier bar by the 4th oil cylinder to drive wedge-shaped mould bases to move, Wedge-shaped mould bases, carrier bar etc. can shake unavoidably in lifting process, by setting the first sliding sleeve part and guide rod so that wedge Shape mould bases, carrier bar etc. ensure to be moved up and down vertically in lifting process, avoid shaking.
Further scheme is that ditch die set device also includes clamping screw and locking nut, clamping screw and locking Nut is connected between two wedge-shaped mould bases.
Therefore two wedge-shaped mould bases are relatively fixed by clamping screw and locking nut, avoid concrete In casting process, because caused pressure is extruded two wedge-shaped mould bases between concrete, cause two wedge-shaped mould bases Default spacing is compressed or extended, and causes construction error.
Further scheme is that adjustment unit also includes drive device, and drive device exports power simultaneously to adjusting handle Adjusting handle is driven to rotate.
Therefore adjusting handle is driven by drive device, when with multiple adjusting handles, pass through driving Device can control multiple adjusting handles to synchronize motion simultaneously, the effective error reduced during regulation so that this is poured Width that the water groove of section can ensure entirely to pour section is built in allowable error, ensures construction precision.
In order to realize another object of the present invention, the present invention provides a kind of construction method of tunnel ditch die set device, Wherein, ditch die set device includes the first oil cylinder, adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged, the end of oil cylinder and tune Section unit is hinged, and adjustment unit is used to adjust the spacing between two wedge-shaped mould bases;Construction method includes:
The piston rod of first oil cylinder transfers adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases to the design height of tunnel ditch groove, leads to Overregulate unit and adjust the spacing between two wedge-shaped mould bases to the design width of tunnel ditch groove, to the position of two wedge-shaped mould bases Put and be corrected;
Closure fixation is carried out to the construction area residing for two wedge-shaped mould bases, construction area poured simultaneously with concrete Concrete is vibrated by vibrating spear, concrete conserved after the completion of pouring;
After concrete setting, adjustment unit adjusts spacing between two wedge-shaped mould bases to the first initial position, and first Adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases are promoted to the second initial position by the piston rod of oil cylinder.
Therefore the spacing of two wedge-shaped mould bases is adjusted by adjustment unit so that wedge-shaped mould bases is being carried out It is more convenient, fast during the demoulding, need to overcome the atmospheric pressure between mould bases and concrete without the ditch mould bases as prior art Power, it can avoid damaging the water groove poured in the demoulding.Meanwhile the ditch die set device is being stripped When, without can be just stripped as prior art needs grade concrete to solidify completely, the engineering time is effectively saved, is shortened Construction period, and the placement that mechanization, automation are carried out to mould bases is realized by the first oil cylinder, improve the position of wedge-shaped mould bases Progress is put, ensure that construction quality.
Further scheme is that adjustment unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, and adjusts hand Wheel is arranged on carrier bar, and the end of carrier bar and the first oil cylinder is hinged, and each screw rod is connected to adjusting handle and one Between individual wedge-shaped mould bases.
Therefore the spacing between the wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged by adjusting the adjusting handle of adjustment unit to two It is adjusted so that axially opposing that of two wedge-shaped mould bases along screw rod are moved or moved each other opposite to each other so that ditch mould bases exists The concrete water groove that solidified will not be caused to damage when being stripped so that ditch mould bases is more convenient in the demoulding, Fast, the construction quality and speed of application of engineering are effectively raised.
Further scheme is, ditch die set device also includes support shaft, support shaft pass through carrier bar respectively with two Wedge-shaped mould bases is fixedly connected.
Therefore support shaft is used to erect wedge-shaped mould bases, wedge-shaped die supporting and guide effect, prevents adjustment unit pair The spacing of wedge-shaped mould bases and wedge-shaped mould bases is shifted or tilted when being adjusted.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is truss and the relative position signal of running gear of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention Figure.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the cable die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the knot under another visual angle of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 A-A sectional views.
Fig. 9 is the first of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention to make Use state diagram.
Figure 10 is the second of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention Use state figure.
Figure 11 is the 3 of the ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment of the present invention Use state figure.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment:
Reference picture 1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1 are the structural representations of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 2 It is the truss of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention and the relative position schematic diagram of running gear.Tunnel ditch Cable trough construction trolley 1 includes truss 11, distribution operation system 116, Hynautio-steering 117, running gear 2, side wall mould bases Device 3, cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, wherein, running gear 2 is arranged on the lower section of truss 11, tunnel ditch Cable trough construction trolley 1 realizes and moved that distribution operation system 116 is tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 by running gear 2 Electric power is provided, Hynautio-steering 117 is powered for each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 and coordinates each oil cylinder Between action.
Reference picture 3, Fig. 3 are the enlarged drawings at B in Fig. 2.With reference to Fig. 1, truss 11 includes support bar 111, pull bar 112, slided External member 113 and oil cylinder 114.The first end of support bar 111 is connected with the main body of truss 11, first end and the truss 11 of pull bar 112 Main body be hinged, the second end of pull bar 112 is hinged with the second end of support bar 111, and carrying out ditch cable trench in tunnel pours When, a workbench can be formed, convenient construction personnel can apply in tunnel by laying sheet material between support bar 111 The work later stage carries out carrying out some related complementary operations while ditch cable trench pours, enabling carries to a certain extent High efficiency of construction, the engineering time is saved, shorten the duration.
Sliding sleeve part 113 is socketed on support bar 111, and oil cylinder 114 is used to drive axial direction of the sliding sleeve part 113 along support bar 111 Slide, the first end and truss 11 of oil cylinder 114 are be hinged, and the second end of oil cylinder 114 and sliding sleeve part 113 are be hinged.
Running gear 2 includes fulcrum bearing 21, road wheel 22, motor 23, drive chain 24 and oil cylinder 25, fulcrum bearing 21 Positioned at the lower section of truss 11, and it is connected by oil cylinder 25 with truss 11, the cylinder body of oil cylinder 25 is fixedly connected with fulcrum bearing 21, oil cylinder 25 Piston rod be fixedly connected with truss 11.
The motor cabinet of motor 23 is fixedly mounted in fulcrum bearing 21, and road wheel 22 is arranged on the lower section of fulcrum bearing 21, and Road wheel 22 can rotate around the axis of itself, and pass through drive chain 24 and the motor axis connection of motor 23, driving electricity Machine 23 drives road wheel 22 to be moved along the track 118 laid in advance by drive chain 24, and then avoids passing through needs Manpower moves or needs again to dismount tunnel ditch cable construction chassis 1 again, improves the same of efficiency of construction When shorten the duration.
Reference picture 4, Fig. 4 are the enlarged drawings at A in Fig. 1.With reference to Fig. 1, side wall die set device 3 includes side wall mould bases 31, oil Cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and fixing device 34, wherein, fixing device 34 is jack.The first end of oil cylinder 32 is be hinged with truss 11, oil The second end and the end face of side wall mould bases 31 of cylinder 32 are hinged, and the first end and truss 11 of oil cylinder 33 are be hinged, the second end and side wall mould The end face of frame 31 is hinged.Side wall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 34 form a door type structure, i.e. hinge four-bar machine Structure.
When side wall mould bases 31 is stripped, shunk by control cylinder 33 so that side wall mould bases 31 is close to bottom surface Side start to depart from the concrete side walls that have solidified, and cause air enter side wall mould bases 31 and concrete side walls it Between, accelerate to be stripped and effectively reduce the suction between side wall mould bases 31 and concrete.When side wall mould bases 31 and concrete are completely de- From rear, side wall mould bases 31 is lifted by oil cylinder 32, reclaimed.The rectilinear demoulding or horizontal with existing side wall mould bases take off Mould is compared, and for the side wall die set device 3 of the present embodiment when being stripped, the suction between side wall mould bases 31 and concrete is smaller, It is effective to avoid damaging the side wall of ditch cable trench during the demoulding, ensure quality of mold release and construction quality, avoid the later stage from needing Carry out manual repair.
The first end of fixing device 34 and the end face of side wall mould bases 31 are hinged, and the second end and ground are separably attached.By A door type structure is formed in side wall mould bases 31, oil cylinder 32, oil cylinder 33 and truss 11 so that this structure is more square in the demoulding Just, quick and quality of mold release is high, and still, the structure also make it that the anti-pressure ability when carrying out concreting is poor, easily makes Leaked out in the concrete heavy side wall mould bases 31 mutually extruded.And by setting fixing device 34, by increasing capacitance it is possible to increase side wall mould bases 31 anti-pressure ability, prevents concrete from leaking.Certainly, fixing device 34 can also be oil cylinder.
Reference picture 5, Fig. 5 are that the structure of the cable die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention is shown It is intended to.Cable die set device 4 includes cable mould bases 41, oil cylinder 42, positioning fixture 43, positioning set square 44, the and of adjusting nut 45 Lead angle pipe 46.
Cable mould bases 41 can be by steel form welding fabrication, and the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is trapezoidal, cable mould bases 41 Bottom surface is additionally provided with connecting portion 411, and the first end and connecting portion 411 of oil cylinder 42 are be hinged, the second end and the truss 11 of oil cylinder 42 Sliding sleeve part 113 it is be hinged.
Because cable trough and water groove are at a distance of relatively closely, in the demoulding due to suction can be produced between concrete and mould bases, hold Breakage occurs for the concrete easily caused between water groove and cable trough.And the cross section of cable mould bases 41 is made in echelon, energy The suction reduced between concrete and cable mould bases 41 of enough appropriateness so that cable mould bases 41 rises when being stripped to cable trough To protective effect, the edge of cable trough will not be caused to damage.
Compared with prior art, the cable mould bases of prior art is U-shaped using integrally closed and cross section so that Powerful suction caused by must overcoming air-tightness when carrying out vertical-lift to cable mould bases, when the insufficient strength or endless of concrete The large area of ditch cable trench can be caused damaged during full solidification, and construction period can extend.
The fixed-link of positioning fixture 43 is on cable mould bases 41, and positioning fixture 43 is provided with a groove 431 and one logical Hole 432.Lead angle pipe 46 is provided with location division 461 and the connecting portion 462 being connected with location division 461, and location division 461 is provided with one Bracer 463, support block 463 and the bottom surface of cable mould bases 41 abut, for supporting the location division 461 of lead angle pipe 46.Lead angle pipe 46 connecting portion 462 with positioning fixture 43 is fixedly connected through through hole 432 and by adjusting nut 45, and positioning set square 44 passes through The location division 461 of groove 431 and lead angle pipe 46 is abutted, and positioning and fixation are played to lead angle pipe 46.
When cable mould bases 41 needs to be stripped, the fixation to lead angle pipe 46 is unclamped by adjusting nut 45, simultaneously will Positioning set square 44 is removed, and passes through mobile lead angle pipe 46 so that and the edge of lead angle pipe 46 and cable mould bases 41 separates with concrete, Allow air to enter in cable trough and contacted with cable mould bases 41, and then cable mould bases 41 is not required in lifting process The atmospheric pressure for overcoming confined space to be formed, reduce the suction between cable trough and cable mould bases 41.When cable trough mould frame 41 When carrying out demoulding lifting, it is not necessary to apply very big pulling force, while the concrete when being stripped without waiting for cable trough is complete Full solidification, it can effectively avoid the corner angle of cable trough that breakage occurs, additionally it is possible to improve construction quality and save construction period.
Cable die set device 4 also includes guide rod 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, and end 47 and the cable mould bases 41 of guide rod are fixed Connection, sliding sleeve part 471 is fixedly connected with sliding sleeve part 113 and sliding sleeve part 471 is slideably socketed on guide rod 471.
Reference picture 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, Fig. 6 are the ditch mould bases dresses of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention The structural representation put, Fig. 7 are that the another of ditch die set device of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley embodiment of the present invention regards Structural representation under angle, Fig. 8 are Fig. 7 A-A sectional views.With reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, ditch die set device 5 includes oil cylinder 51, phase Wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 to setting, adjustment unit 53, oil cylinder 54, spacing beam 541, support shaft 535, regulation are single Member 53 is used to adjust the spacing between wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521.
The first end of oil cylinder 51 is be hinged with the sliding sleeve part 113 of truss 11, and hanger is provided with carrier bar 531, oil cylinder 51 Second end and the hanger of carrier bar 531 are hinged.The oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and the oil cylinder 51 of ditch die set device 5 are cut with scissors It is connected on sliding sleeve part 113.Axial movement of the sliding sleeve part 113 along support bar 111 is driven by oil cylinder 114, and then drives cable mould Rack device 4 and ditch die set device 5 move along the horizontal radial in tunnel, realize regulation cable die set device 4, ditch die set device 5 with the distance of Vertical tunnel center line in the horizontal direction, and then adjust ditch cable trench position so that tunnel ditch cable trough Construction trolley 1 can adapt to the tunnel of different-diameter width, expand the use range of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1.
Adjustment unit 53 includes carrier bar 531, adjusting handle 532, the screw rod 533 and screw rod 534 being oppositely arranged, carrier bar 531 are provided with through hole 536, and support shaft 535 is connected with wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 respectively through through hole 536, support shaft 535 are used to play wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 supporting and guide effect, prevent adjustment unit to wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge The spacing of shape mould bases 521 shifts or tilted when being adjusted.
Adjusting handle 532 be arranged on carrier bar 531 on, screw rod 533 be connected to wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and adjusting handle 532 it Between, screw rod 534 is connected between wedge-shaped mould bases 521 and adjusting handle 532, when adjusting adjusting handle 532, screw rod 533 and spiral shell Bar 534 rotates backward and drives wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 to move relative to each other or move each other opposite to each other, adjusting handle 532nd, screw rod 533 and screw rod 534 can form compound screw mechanism.
Certainly, adjustment unit 53 can also include drive device, the drive device can make direct current generator, alternating current generator, Servomotor either stepper motor etc., is driven by drive device to adjusting handle 532.When with multiple adjusting handles When 532, by drive device multiple adjusting handles 532 can be controlled to synchronize motion simultaneously, it is effective to reduce regulation process In error so that the width that the water groove for pouring section can ensure entirely to pour section in allowable error, ensure construction essence Degree.
The cylinder body of oil cylinder 54 is fixedly mounted on carrier bar 531, and the piston rod of oil cylinder 54 is fixedly connected with spacing beam 541, Oil cylinder 54 is used for the axial movement for controlling piston rod of the spacing beam 541 along oil cylinder 54, by controlling spacing beam 541 and wedge-shaped mould bases The difference in height of bottom limit the spacing of wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521, and play to wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped die The spacing and positioning action of frame 521, while can prevent when carrying out concreting, due to mutually squeezing between concrete Pressure causes the relative position of wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 to shift, and then it is tight to avoid the water groove after construction from occurring The error of weight.
Ditch die set device 5 also includes clamping screw 55, locking nut 551, sliding sleeve part 56, guide rod 561, chucking lug 57 With lead angle pipe 58.The end of guide rod 561 is fixedly connected with carrier bar 531, and the sliding sleeve part 113 of sliding sleeve part 56 and truss 11 is fixed Connection, sliding sleeve part 56 are slideably socketed on guide rod 561.
Because the ditch cable trench construction for carrying out tunnel is usually section construction so that each section of construction length compares It is long, and then make it that either side wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41 either wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 are respectively provided with larger Length.And cable mould bases 41 is lifted by oil cylinder 42;Wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 are by the band of oil cylinder 51 Move carrier bar 531 and then drive wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 to be lifted.But cable mould bases 41, wedge-shaped mould bases 52, The quality of wedge-shaped mould bases 521 and carrier bar 531 is all very big, if only being lifted, being passed through to cable mould bases 41 by oil cylinder 42 When oil cylinder 51 lifts to wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521, when the moment that oil cylinder starts each mould bases can be caused to shake And persistently rocked in lifting process, and then cause construction error, or the ditch cable trench to completion of having constructed occur Carrying out shock makes ditch cable trench breakage occur, results even in construction risk.And led by being set on cable die set device 4 To bar 47 and sliding sleeve part 471, sliding sleeve part 56 and guide rod 561 are set on ditch die set device 5, can ensure that a mould bases is carrying Vertical elevating movement can only be carried out during rising, effectively mould bases can be avoided to shake, while improving construction precision Avoid due to mould bases rocks and caused construction risk.
Clamping screw 55 and locking nut 551 are arranged on the end of two wedge-shaped mould bases, for wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge shape Mould bases 521 is relatively fixed, and is avoided in concreting process, due between concrete caused pressure to two wedge shapes When module is extruded so that the spacing between two wedge-shaped modules changes, and causes construction error.
The first end of chucking lug 57 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge-shaped module 521, and the second end of chucking lug 57 is provided with logical Hole, be provided with screwed hole corresponding with the through hole on carrier bar 531, when wedge-shaped mould bases move and wedge-shaped mould bases between During away from i.e. retrograde adjustment, wedge-shaped mould bases is positioned by chucking lug 57, recorded, is passed through by bolt 59 on chucking lug 57 Through hole is attached with the screwed hole on carrier bar 531, and chucking lug 57 is fixed, while fixed work is erected to wedge-shaped die With.Also, when tunnel ditch cable trough water conservancy project chassis 1 is carrying out next tunnel construction sections construction to be onstructed, chucking lug 57 can rise To the effect of mark so that the water groove in whole tunnel can keep identical width, improve construction precision, ensure construction matter Amount.
Lead angle pipe 58 is fixedly mounted on the top of wedge-shaped mould bases 52, when needing to be stripped wedge-shaped mould bases, by right Lead angle pipe 58 is adjusted so that the edge of lead angle pipe 58 and wedge-shaped mould bases 52 separates with concrete so that air can enter Contacted in cable trough and with wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521, and then wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 were being lifted The atmospheric pressure that confined space need not be overcome to be formed in journey, reduce between water groove and wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 Suction.When wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 are stripped, solidified completely without waiting for the concrete of water groove, Neng Gouyou Breakage occurs for the corner angle for avoiding water groove of effect.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 also includes anti-floating system 115, first end and the sliding sleeve part of anti-floating system 115 113 are fixedly connected, and the second end and carrier bar 531 are separably attached.Anti-floating system 115 is jack, and jack has larger Top lifting force so that when carry out ditch cable trench concreting when, the piston rod of jack can be moved to carrier bar 531 And carrier bar 531 is propped up, prevent that caused buoyancy causes in the generation of ditch die set device 5 in casting process due to concrete It is floating;When being stripped after concrete setting, it is that the piston rod of jack returns to initial position, enables ditch die set device 5 It is stripped.By setting anti-floating system 115, construction error can be avoided the occurrence of, improves construction precision.Certainly, anti-floating system 115 can also be oil cylinder.
In order to ensure the stability of cylinder efficient so that the mistake that the cylinder body of oil cylinder and the length dimension of piston rod can not be done It is long, so that the stroke of the oil cylinder 51 of the oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 can only meet just to be lifted To the surface for leaving the cable trough poured, water groove so that the oil cylinder 42 of cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 The room for promotion of oil cylinder 51 is insufficient, may cause to damage to just pouring the concrete solidified.
And oil cylinder 25 is used to control vertically being lifted for whole truss 11, cable mould is worked as by oil cylinder 25 The stroke of the oil cylinder 42 of rack device 4 and the oil cylinder 51 of ditch die set device 5 is not enough to cable mould bases 41 and wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge When shape mould bases 521 is promoted to enough demoulding height, oil cylinder 25 can carry out overall lifting to whole truss 11, and then cause electricity Cable mould bases 41 and wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 obtain enough demoulding spaces, effectively avoid cable mould bases 41 and wedge-shaped die The concrete of the ditch cable trench of frame 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 to having solidified causes to damage, and ensures construction safety and construction matter Amount.
Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley construction method embodiment:
The construction method of tunnel ditch cable trough is based on the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley in upper embodiment, tunnel water The structure of ditch cable trough construction trolley is described in detail in upper embodiment, therefore does not repeat.Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Figure 11, tunnel The construction method of ditch cable trench construction trolley illustrates, and construction method includes
Construction trolley positioning step:Tunnel ditch is carried out on the concrete road surface for having poured and having solidified in tunnel in advance The laying of the track 118 of cable trough construction trolley 1, track 118 play guiding and positioning to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Effect.Tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is placed on track 118, walking is driven by the motor 24 of running gear 2 Wheel 22 rotates, and is that tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 is moved to tunnel construction sections to be onstructed, and platform of being constructed to tunnel ditch cable trough The center offset distance and elevation of the vehicle of car 1 are positioned and adjusted.
Fixing of the forming frame and aligning step:Each oil by Hynautio-steering 117 to tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley 1 Cylinder is controlled.First, truss is made to sink down into setting position by the control cylinder 25 of Hynautio-steering 117, then side wall mould Side wall mould bases 31 is moved to layout point by the oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 of rack device 3, and by oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 to side wall mould Frame 31 is positioned and corrected, after the completion of side wall mould bases 31 is positioned and corrected, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 32, Oil cylinder 33 is locked, while by controlling fixing device 34, that is, controls the piston rod of jack along the axially extended cylinder of piston rod Body, concrete road surface is withstood, complete the fixation to side wall mould bases 31.
Secondly, sliding sleeve part 113 is promoted to be moved along the axial direction of support bar 111 by the control cylinder 114 of Hynautio-steering 117 It is dynamic, and then cause sliding sleeve part 113 to drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 to be axially moveable to the horizontal position of design Put.
Again, by the control cylinder 51 of hydraulic control system 117 by wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 and adjustment unit 53 sink down into the designed elevation of water groove, by adjust the wedge-shaped mould bases 52 of adjusting handle 532 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 it is opposite that This motion, after the wedge-shaped mould bases 521 for being provided with chucking lug 57 reaches design attitude, chucking lug 57 is consolidated by bolt 59 It is fixed, and wedge-shaped mould bases 52 is finely adjusted by adjusting adjusting handle 532 so that wedge-shaped mould bases 52 also reaches design attitude.Connect Sinks down into spacing beam 541 by the control cylinder 54 of hydraulic control system 117 abuts with wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 Afterwards, adjust clamping screw 56 and wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 are fixed clamping screw 561, pass through hydraulic control System 117 is locked to oil cylinder 51, oil cylinder 54.
Then, the control cylinder 42 of Hynautio-steering 117 sinks down into cable mould bases 41 designed elevation of cable trough, and leads to Cross oil cylinder 42 and accurate adjustment is carried out to cable mould bases 41, then cable mould bases 41 is reached design attitude by adjusting lead angle pipe 46, together Shi Jiaohe simultaneously adjusts the spacing between cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5, by Hynautio-steering 117 to oil cylinder 42 are locked.
Finally, the both ends end using steel plate to side wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 Portion carries out closure fixation, meanwhile, cover plate is laid on cable mould bases 41, wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521, is ready for mixing Solidifying soil pours.It should be noted that the installation correction order between above-mentioned fixing of the forming frame and each die set device of aligning step In no particular order, naturally it is also possible to carry out simultaneously.
Concreting and curing step:Concrete is carried out to the ditch cable trench groove position for having set up and having blocked to pour Build, concrete is vibrated by vibrating spear when pouring, concrete conserved after the completion of pouring, until concrete table Face reaches when having no laitance flow phenomenon after certain solidification, you can each die set device is stripped, the concrete curing time For five to seven hours.
Die carrier demoulding step:Each oil cylinder of tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley is carried out by Hynautio-steering 117 Control.First, the both ends end of side wall mould bases 31, cable mould bases 41, wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 is used to block admittedly Fixed steel plate is removed.
Then, the fixation to lead angle pipe 46 is unclamped by adjusting nut 45, while positioning set square 44 is removed, and it is mobile Lead angle pipe 46 so that the edge of lead angle pipe 46 and cable mould bases 41 separates with concrete, reduce cable trough and cable mould bases 41 it Between suction.Then cable mould bases 41 is lifted by initial position by the control cylinder 42 of Hynautio-steering 117, makes cable mould bases 41 separate with the cable trough poured.
Then, reference picture 9 is to Figure 11, by being adjusted to lead angle pipe 58 so that lead angle pipe 58 and wedge-shaped mould bases 52 Edge separates with concrete so that and air can enter in cable trough and be contacted with wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521, and then So that wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 need not overcome the atmospheric pressure that confined space is formed in lifting process, reduce water Suction between groove and wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521.Regulation clamping screw 56 and clamping screw 561 are unclamped to wedge shape The fixation of mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521, then it is promoted to spacing beam 541 by the control cylinder 54 of hydraulic control system 117 Initial position, spacing beam 541 is set to be separated with wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521.Bolt 59 is unclamped chucking lug 57 is fixed And move relative to each other wedge-shaped mould bases 52 and wedge-shaped mould bases 521 by adjusting adjusting handle 532, pass through hydraulic control system Wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge-shaped mould bases 521 and adjustment unit 53 are lifted initial position by 117 control cylinders 51, make wedge-shaped mould bases 52, wedge Shape mould bases 521 separates with the water groove poured.
Then, fixing device 34 is unclamped, that is, controls the piston rod of jack along piston rod to being recycled in cylinder body so that Piston rod separates with concrete road surface, releases the fixation to side wall mould bases 41.Then side wall is controlled by Hynautio-steering 117 Side wall mould bases 31 is moved to initial position by the oil cylinder 32 and oil cylinder 33 of die set device 3, makes side wall mould bases 31 and ditch cable trench Side wall separation.
Finally, control cylinder 25 makes truss 11 be promoted to control cylinder 114 after initial position to pull sliding sleeve part 113 along support The axial movement of bar 111, so cause sliding sleeve part 113 drive cable die set device 4 and ditch die set device 5 be axially moveable to Initial horizontal level, complete the construction to the ditch cable trench of the tunnel construction sections.
Repeat above-mentioned construction trolley positioning step, fixing of the forming frame and aligning step, concreting and curing step and mould Frame demoulding step carries out ditch cable trench to next tunnel construction sections to be onstructed and poured, until completing the ditch cable trench in whole tunnel Construction.
From such scheme, the construction method of the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley compared with prior art, can Farthest save manual labor, the demoulding time for shortening each mould bases and construction period, additionally it is possible to ditch when preventing from being stripped Cable trough occurs bursting apart, is damaged, and the tunnel ditch cable trough construction trolley and its construction method are respectively provided with that construction precision is high, the demoulding The advantages of time is short and the construction period is short.
Finally it is emphasized that the foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the invention, it is right For those skilled in the art, the present invention can have various change and change, within the spirit and principles of the invention, Any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of tunnel ditch die set device, including the first oil cylinder, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes
Adjustment unit, the adjustment unit include carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, the adjusting handle It is arranged on the carrier bar, the end of the carrier bar and first oil cylinder is hinged;
Two wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged, each described screw rod are connected to the adjusting handle and a wedge-shaped mould bases Between;
Support shaft, the support shaft are fixedly connected with two wedge-shaped mould bases respectively through the carrier bar.
2. ditch die set device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes the second oil cylinder and spacing beam, and the cylinder body of second oil cylinder is arranged on the carrier bar On, the piston rod of second oil cylinder is fixedly connected with the spacing beam.
3. ditch die set device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes chucking lug, and the chucking lug at the top of the wedge-shaped mould bases with being fixedly connected.
4. ditch die set device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes lead angle pipe, and the lead angle pipe is fixedly connected with the top.
5. ditch die set device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes sliding sleeve part and guide rod, and the guide rod is hinged with the carrier bar, the sliding sleeve Part is socketed on the guide rod.
6. the ditch die set device according to any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes clamping screw and locking nut, and the clamping screw is connected to the locking nut Between two wedge-shaped mould bases.
7. the ditch die set device according to any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that:
The adjustment unit also includes drive device, and the drive device exports power to the adjusting handle and drives regulation hand Wheel rotates.
8. the tunnel construction method of ditch die set device, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device includes the first oil cylinder, adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases being oppositely arranged, the oil cylinder End is hinged with the adjustment unit, and the adjustment unit is used to adjust the spacing between two wedge-shaped mould bases;
The construction method includes:
The adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases are transferred setting to tunnel ditch groove by the piston rod of first oil cylinder Meter height, by the adjustment unit adjust two wedge-shaped mould bases between spacing to tunnel ditch groove design width, The position of wedge-shaped mould bases described to two is corrected;
Construction area residing for wedge-shaped mould bases described to two carries out closure fixation, and the construction area is poured with concrete Build and concrete is vibrated by vibrating spear, concrete is conserved after the completion of pouring;
After concrete setting, the adjustment unit adjusts spacing between two wedge-shaped mould bases to the first initial position, The adjustment unit and two wedge-shaped mould bases are promoted to the second initial position by the piston rod of first oil cylinder.
9. construction method according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:
The adjustment unit includes carrier bar, adjusting handle and two screw rods being oppositely arranged, the adjusting handle and is arranged on institute State on carrier bar, the end of the carrier bar and first oil cylinder is hinged;
Each described screw rod is connected between the adjusting handle and a wedge-shaped mould bases.
10. construction method according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
The ditch die set device also includes support shaft, the support shaft through the carrier bar respectively with two wedge-shaped dies Frame is fixedly connected.
CN201610708624.8A 2016-08-23 2016-08-23 A kind of tunnel ditch die set device and its construction method Active CN106050271B (en)

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CN111852559A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-10-30 涪特智能装备(重庆)有限公司 Groove mold core and groove mold

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JP5513670B1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-06-04 株式会社竹中土木 Fiber substrate for placing concrete, etc.
CN204253058U (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-04-08 刘倩 A kind of tunnel ground groove shaping equipment
CN204357451U (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-05-27 重庆飞扬彤机械制造有限公司 Automatic groove forming supporter
CN105114103A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-02 中铁四局集团第四工程有限公司 Rail-traveling type hydraulic ditch cable trench trolley formwork system
CN205445632U (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-08-10 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 Hang commentaries on classics formula ditch cable groove built -up plate
CN206035501U (en) * 2016-08-23 2017-03-22 中铁十九局集团第七工程有限公司 Tunnel water ditch die carrier device

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