CN205913678U - Rail vehicle fire extinguishing system - Google Patents

Rail vehicle fire extinguishing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205913678U
CN205913678U CN201620794672.9U CN201620794672U CN205913678U CN 205913678 U CN205913678 U CN 205913678U CN 201620794672 U CN201620794672 U CN 201620794672U CN 205913678 U CN205913678 U CN 205913678U
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China
Prior art keywords
fire
fighting
rail vehicle
extinguishing
control unit
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CN201620794672.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊永梅
孙景辉
谷绪地
于金朋
杨广
王海芳
张丽荣
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CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd
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CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620794672.9U priority Critical patent/CN205913678U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a rail vehicle fire extinguishing system, rail vehicle fire extinguishing system includes: central control unit, fire control the control unit, fire alarm subsystem, alarm subsystem, the fire alarm subsystem includes: at least one fire detector and every the fire alarm control module that fire detector connects, alarm subsystem includes: at least one camera and every camera connection's video monitoring control module, fire control the control unit respectively with central control unit the fire alarm control module with video monitoring control module connects. The utility model provides a rail vehicle fire extinguishing system can improve the rate of accuracy that reports the conflagration, has guaranteed the normal operation of motor car.

Description

Rail vehicle fire-fighting system
Technical field
This utility model is related to technology of track traffic, more particularly, to a kind of rail vehicle fire-fighting system.
Background technology
Track traffic refers to freight volume is big, speed fast, safety, on schedule, environmental protection, energy saving and the features such as land used Mode of transportation, at present, common track vehicle has subway, light rail, motor-car, high ferro, tramcar etc..
, existing motor-car is provided with fire alarm system, this fire alarm system includes: be arranged on dynamic taking motor-car as a example The fire detector of each potential conflagration area of car, and, connect the fire control of fire detector and train control network respectively Device.When a certain fire detector is detected with fire, fire signal can be sent to fire control device, so that fire control The fire information carrying this fire detector position and fire signal can be sent to train control network by device, so that Train control network can be exported this fire information to driver by human-computer interaction interface, so that driver passes through this fire information Know where there occurs fire.
However, because above-mentioned fire detector easily reports fire signal by mistake so that above-mentioned fire alarm system easily misses to driver Report fire information, leads to driver according to this wrong fire information, the operation of motor-car can be caused with the judgement of mistake, to motor-car Normal operation impacts.
Utility model content
This utility model provides a kind of rail vehicle fire-fighting system, in order to solve in prior art because of the fire report on motor-car Alarm system reports fire by mistake, the technical problem that the normal operation of motor-car is impacted.
This utility model first aspect provides a kind of rail vehicle fire-fighting system, and described rail vehicle fire-fighting system includes: Central control unit, fire-fighting control unit, fire alarm subsystem, video monitoring subsystem;Described fire alarm subsystem bag Include: the fire alarming and controlling module that at least one fire detector is connected with fire detector each described;Described video monitoring Subsystem includes: the video monitoring control module that at least one photographic head is connected with photographic head each described;
Described fire-fighting control unit respectively with described central control unit, described fire alarming and controlling module and described video Monitoring control module connects.
As described above, described rail vehicle fire-fighting system also includes: fire alarm subsystem;Described fire alarm subsystem Including: at least one gas detector and at least one pyrolysis particle detector, fire alarm control module;
Described fire alarm control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described gas detector and each institute State pyrolysis particle detector to connect.
As described above, described rail vehicle fire-fighting system also includes: fire extinguishing subsystem;Described fire extinguishing subsystem includes: extremely A few extinguishing device, fire extinguishing control module;
Described fire extinguishing control module is connected with described fire-fighting control unit, each described extinguishing device respectively.
As described above, described extinguishing device includes: zone valve, nozzle, electromagnetic valve, high-pressure nitrogen bottle;
Whether described fire extinguishing control module, for being opened by high-pressure nitrogen bottle described in described solenoid valve control, and in institute When stating high-pressure nitrogen bottle unlatching, described nozzle is controlled to spray the nitrogen in described high-pressure nitrogen bottle by described zone valve.
As described above, described fire extinguishing subsystem also includes: the pressure transducer of detection high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure.
As described above, described extinguishing device includes: electromagnetic valve, zone valve, nozzle, fresh water bottle and high-pressure nitrogen bottle;
Described fire extinguishing control module, for by high-pressure nitrogen bottle described in described solenoid valve control whether to described fresh water bottle Supercharging, and when described high-pressure nitrogen bottle is pressurized to described fresh water bottle, will be described light by the described zone valve described nozzle of control Fresh water after being pressurized in water bottle sprays.
As described above, described fire extinguishing subsystem also includes: detect the pressure transducer of described high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure, and, Detect the liquid level sensor of described fresh water bottle surplus.
As described above, described rail vehicle fire-fighting system also includes: evacuate subsystem;Described evacuation subsystem includes: sets Put the broadcaster in each compartment and escape direction board, exit signs control module;
Described exit signs control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described broadcaster and each described in Escape direction board connects.
As described above, described rail vehicle fire-fighting system also includes: control sub system for carriages, described control sub system for carriages Glass on the fire prevention door controller including: compartment control module, being arranged on each compartment and the escape window being arranged on each compartment Glass destroyer;
Described compartment control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described fire prevention door controller and each described in Glass breaker connects.
As described above, described fire alarm subsystem also includes: be arranged on the alarm of each compartment and drivers' cab;
Described fire alarming and controlling module is connected with alarm each described.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, when rail vehicle fire-fighting system is arranged on motor-car, Fire detector and photographic head can be set simultaneously in each of motor-car potential conflagration area, so that this rail vehicle fire-fighting System can motor-car run during, by be arranged on the potential conflagration area on motor-car fire detector detect potential Whether conflagration area there occurs fire, and after detecting generation fire, can pass through fire alarming and controlling module, fire-fighting control Unit processed and central control unit export fire information to railcar driver.At the same time it can also potential on motor-car by being arranged on The photographic head of conflagration area, the video of the potential conflagration area of captured in real-time, and this video is stored by video monitoring control module Data, thus when railcar driver sends video and reads instruction, video monitoring control module can will send this fire information The video data of the potential conflagration area that fire detector is located is exported to railcar driver by central control unit, so that Railcar driver can determine whether by this video whether the potential conflagration area of above-mentioned fire information indication there occurs fire, Improve rail vehicle fire-fighting system and report the accuracy rate of fire it is ensured that the normal operation of motor-car.
Brief description
In order to be illustrated more clearly that this utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment Or in description of the prior art the accompanying drawing of required use be briefly described it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only It is some embodiments of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, in the premise not paying creative work Under, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment one that Fig. 1 provides for this utility model;
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment two that Fig. 2 provides for this utility model;
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment three that Fig. 3 provides for this utility model;
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system example IV that Fig. 4 provides for this utility model;
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment five that Fig. 5 provides for this utility model.
Description of reference numerals:
1: central control unit;2: fire-fighting control unit;
3: fire alarm subsystem;4: video monitoring subsystem;
5: fire alarm subsystem;6: fire extinguishing subsystem;
7: evacuate subsystem;8: control sub system for carriages;
31: fire detector;32: fire alarming and controlling module;
33: alarm;41: photographic head;
42: video monitoring control module;51: gas detector;
52: pyrolysis particle detector;53: fire alarm control module;
61: extinguishing device;62: fire extinguishing control module;
71: broadcaster;72: escape direction board;
73: exit signs control module;81: compartment control module;
82: fire prevention door controller;83: glass breaker.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in this utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment is carried out Clearly and completely description is it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of this utility model rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in this utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of making creative work The every other embodiment being obtained, broadly falls into the scope of this utility model protection.
It is provided with fire alarm system, this fire alarm system includes: be arranged on each potential fire of motor-car on existing motor-car The fire detector in disaster area domain (for example: the region such as compartment, electricity piece space), and, connect fire detector and train respectively The fire control device of controlling network.When a certain fire detector is detected with fire, this fire detector can be produced Fire signal is sent to fire control device, so that fire control device can will carry the potential fire at this fire detector place The fire information of disaster area domain and this fire signal is sent to train control network, so that train control network can pass through people Machine interactive interface exports this fire information to driver, so that driver knows where there occurs fire by this fire information.
However, because fire signal easily reported by mistake by above-mentioned fire detector, for example: fire detector is detecting positioned at fire People around detector smoke produced by smog when, also can send fire signal to fire control device, so that fire control Device processed can carry the fire information of this wrong fire signal by train control network to driver's output, leads to driver to pass through What this fire alarm system was known is the fire information of mistake, and then leads to the driver can be to motor-car according to this wrong fire information Operation cause mistake judgement, have impact on the normal operation of motor-car.
Rail vehicle fire-fighting system involved by this utility model is it is intended to because of the fire alarm system on motor-car in prior art System wrong report fire, the technical problem that the normal operation of motor-car is impacted.Certainly, rail vehicle provided by the utility model Fire-fighting system, the application scenarios of including but not limited to above-mentioned motor-car, as long as be related to all scenes of wild trajectory traffic fire-fighting, all Rail vehicle fire-fighting system provided by the utility model can be adopted.For the ease of to railcar provided by the utility model The understanding of fire-fighting system, below all come rail vehicle fire-fighting system provided by the utility model is situated between taking motor-car as a example Continue.
With specifically embodiment, the technical solution of the utility model is described in detail below.These are specific below Embodiment can be combined with each other, and may repeat no more in some embodiments for same or analogous concept or process.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment one that Fig. 1 provides for this utility model, as shown in figure 1, This rail vehicle fire-fighting system may include that central control unit 1, fire-fighting control unit 2, fire alarm subsystem 3, video prison Control subsystem 4;Wherein, fire alarm subsystem 3 includes: at least one fire detector 31 and each fire detector 31 are even The fire alarming and controlling module 32 connecing;Video monitoring subsystem 4 includes: at least one photographic head 41 and each photographic head 41 are even The video monitoring control module 42 connecing;
Fire-fighting control unit 2 respectively with central control unit 1, fire alarming and controlling module 32 and video monitoring control module 42 connections.
Specifically, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can be arranged on motor-car, wherein, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system Including the central control unit 1 being arranged on drivers' cab, this central control unit 1 can have in human-computer interaction function for arbitrary Centre control unit.In this embodiment, this central control unit 1 is as rail vehicle fire-fighting system and user (for example: motor-car department Machine) between interactive interface, for user transmit rail vehicle fire-fighting system output information, and, receiving user's input Instruction.When implementing, the central control unit that this central control unit 1 can have by motor-car itself, can also be The central control unit being separately provided, this enforcement is not defined to this.
The above-mentioned fire-fighting control unit 2 being connected with central control unit 1, can for arbitrary have send and receive function Control unit.In the present embodiment, this fire-fighting control unit 2 as fire alarm subsystem 3 and video monitoring subsystem 4 with Interface unit between the control unit 1 of centre, for the fire information that sends fire alarming and controlling module 32 and video monitoring control The video data that molding block 42 sends passes to central control unit 1, and, the video that central control unit 1 is sent reads Instruction passes to video monitoring control module 42.
Above-mentioned fire alarm subsystem 3 can include at least one fire detector 31, and this fire detector 31 can be Arbitrary have the detector detecting fire function.In the present embodiment, this fire detector 31 can be arranged on diving on motor-car In conflagration area, for example: region that electricity piece is located, guest room, toilet etc., the potential conflagration area for detecting its place is No generation fire, and when detecting potential conflagration area generation fire, the fire signal being produced is sent to fire alarm Control module 32.When implementing, the quantity of this fire detector 31 specifically can be according to the number of the potential conflagration area of motor-car Amount determines.
The fire alarming and controlling module 32 being connected with each fire detector 31 in above-mentioned fire alarm subsystem 3 is permissible For arbitrary have reception, send and disposal ability control module, for example: single-chip microcomputer, processor etc., in the present embodiment, on State fire alarming and controlling module 32 for receive fire detector 31 transmission fire signal, and will carry this fire signal and The fire information of the potential conflagration area mark that this fire detector 31 is located is sent to fire-fighting control unit 2.
Above-mentioned video monitoring subsystem 4 can include at least one photographic head 41, and in the present embodiment, this photographic head 41 can With the potential conflagration area being arranged on motor-car, for example: region that electricity piece is located, guest room etc., specifically can be arranged on motor-car On potential conflagration area in the position adjacent with fire detector 31, the potential conflagration area that it is located for captured in real-time Video, and its captured video is sent in real time or periodically video monitoring control module 42.When implementing, this is taken the photograph The quantity of picture 41 specifically can determine according to the quantity of the potential conflagration area of motor-car.
The video monitoring control module 42 being connected with each photographic head 41 in above-mentioned video monitoring subsystem 4, can be for appointing One control module with reception, transmission, process, storage capacity.In the present embodiment, above-mentioned video monitoring control module 42 is used In the video receiving and storage photographic head 41 sends, and pass through what fire-fighting control unit 2 sent receiving central control unit 1 When video reads instruction, this video is read the video data in the preset time period instructing captured by corresponding photographic head 41 and leads to Cross fire-fighting control unit 2 and be sent to central control unit 1, so that railcar driver can check this by central control unit 1 Video.Wherein, above-mentioned described preset time period specifically can set according to the demand of user, and this preset time period is for example permissible Receiving 1 minute before the reading instruction of this video for video monitoring control module 42.
Below the operation principle of above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system is described in detail, specifically:
As shown in figure 1, during motor-car runs, the photographic head 41 of each the potential conflagration area on motor-car can The video data of the potential conflagration area that it is located with captured in real-time, and be sent to video monitoring control module 42 and stored, Meanwhile, the fire detector 31 of the potential conflagration area of each on motor-car can be with the potential fire zone at its place of real-time detection Whether domain there is fire, if the potential conflagration area that a certain fire detector 31 detects its place there occurs fire, this fire Fire detector 31 can produce a fire signal, and sends this fire signal to fire alarming and controlling module 32.Fire alarm control Molding block 32, after receiving this fire signal, can be sent to central control unit 1 by fire-fighting control unit 2 and carry The fire information that the potential conflagration area at this fire signal and fire detector 31 place sending this fire signal identifies.In Centre control unit 1, after receiving this fire information, can pass through the human-computer interaction interface of central control unit 1 to motor-car department Machine exports this fire information, so that railcar driver can tentatively know which potential conflagration area of motor-car there occurs fire.
Meanwhile, by fire information, railcar driver is when tentatively knowing that a certain potential conflagration area occurs fire, motor-car department Machine can be further advanced by central control unit 1 and send video reading instruction to fire-fighting control unit 2, to ask to read fire The video of the potential conflagration area of information indication;Or, above-mentioned central control unit 1 after receiving fire information, Ke Yigen According to entrained potential conflagration area mark in fire information, send video from trend fire-fighting control unit 2 and read instruction, to ask Seek the video of the potential conflagration area reading fire information indication, specifically can be arranged according to the demand of user.
The reading instruction of this video, after receiving the reading instruction of this video, can be transmitted to video prison by fire-fighting control unit 2 Control control module 42, so that video monitoring control module 42 can read instruction according to this video, the video being stored is read Video in the preset time period of potential conflagration area of instruction fetch indication is sent to central authorities by fire-fighting control unit 2 and controls list Unit 1, so that railcar driver can check this video by central control unit 1, so that railcar driver can be by being somebody's turn to do Video is determining whether whether the potential conflagration area of above-mentioned fire information indication really there occurs fire, and then makes motor-car department Machine can be according to accurate fire information, and accurate judgement is made in the operation to motor-car.In this way, motor-car can be avoided Driver causes the situation of the judgement of mistake according to the fire information that fire detector 31 is reported by mistake to the operation of motor-car, improves track Vehicle fire-fighting system reports the accuracy rate of fire it is ensured that the normal operation of motor-car.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, when rail vehicle fire-fighting system is arranged on motor-car, Fire detector and photographic head can be set simultaneously in each of motor-car potential conflagration area, so that this rail vehicle fire-fighting System can motor-car run during, by be arranged on the potential conflagration area on motor-car fire detector detect potential Whether conflagration area there occurs fire, and after detecting generation fire, can pass through fire alarming and controlling module, fire-fighting control Unit processed and central control unit export fire information to railcar driver.At the same time it can also potential on motor-car by being arranged on The photographic head of conflagration area, the video of the potential conflagration area of captured in real-time, and this video is stored by video monitoring control module Data, thus when railcar driver sends video and reads instruction, video monitoring control module can will send this fire information The video data of the potential conflagration area that fire detector is located is exported to railcar driver by central control unit, so that Railcar driver can determine whether by this video whether the potential conflagration area of above-mentioned fire information indication there occurs fire, Improve rail vehicle fire-fighting system and report the accuracy rate of fire it is ensured that the normal operation of motor-car.
Further, on the basis of above-described embodiment, in order to improve the fire letter that above-mentioned fire alarm subsystem 3 sends The accuracy of breath, each potential conflagration area of above-mentioned motor-car can be provided with the fire detector 31 of two different sensitivity. So, fire alarming and controlling module 32 can receive the highly sensitive fire detector 31 of a certain potential conflagration area After the fire signal sending, first can not send fire information to fire-fighting control module, but receive positioned at this potential fire After the fire signal that the fire detector 31 of the muting sensitivity in region sends, just can send to fire-fighting control module and carry this Potential conflagration area mark and the fire information of fire signal.Produced by the people around fire detector 31 smokes Smog does not reach the alarm threshold value of the fire detector 31 of muting sensitivity, so the fire detector 31 of muting sensitivity generally will not In smog produced by smoking positioned at the people around fire detector 31, send fire letter to fire alarming and controlling module 32 Number.Therefore, in this way, the fire detector 31 in potential conflagration area can be avoided further because detecting positioned at fire People around fire detector 31 smoke produced by smog when, send fire signal to fire alarming and controlling module 32, lead to fire Calamity alarm control module 32 reports the situation of fire information by mistake.
With continued reference to Fig. 1, optionally, above-mentioned fire alarm subsystem 3 can also include: is arranged on each compartment and driver The alarm 33 of room;Wherein, fire alarming and controlling module 32 is connected with each alarm 33.
Specifically, above-mentioned alarm 33 can be arbitrary device sending warning by sound or light.In this enforcement In example, fire alarming and controlling module 32, can be by fire-fighting after receiving the fire signal of fire detector 31 transmission While control unit 2 is to central control unit 1 transmission fire information, the alarm 33 that instruction is located at drivers' cab sends warning, So that the warning that railcar driver is sent by this alarm 33, timely know that fire alarming and controlling module 32 passes through fire-fighting Control unit 2 have sent fire information to central control unit 1;Meanwhile, fire alarming and controlling module 32 also can indicate that fire The alarm 33 in detector 31 place compartment sends warning, so that the staff on train can be by the alarm in compartment The compartment that 33 quick positioning fire occur, improves the efficiency that rail vehicle fire-fighting system sends fire information.Wherein, above-mentioned set The particular type putting the alarm 33 in each compartment of motor-car and drivers' cab can set according to the demand of user, for example: position Alarm 33 in compartment can be visual alarm 33, to reduce the fear to fire alarm for the passenger in compartment;It is located at department The alarm 33 of machine room can be voice guard 33 or audible-visual annunciator 33, to strengthen the dynamics that railcar driver is reported to the police Deng.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment two that Fig. 2 provides for this utility model, as shown in Fig. 2 Further, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include: fire alarm subsystem 5; Wherein, this fire alarm subsystem 5 may include that at least one gas detector 51 and at least one pyrolysis particle detector 52nd, fire alarm control module 53;Fire alarm control module 53 respectively with fire-fighting control unit 2, each gas detector 51 Connect with each pyrolysis particle detector 52.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also be included for reducing or preventing fire The fire alarm subsystem 5 that calamity accident occurs, this fire alarm subsystem 5 can include the carbon monoxide for detecting in the air The gas detector 51 of concentration, the pyrolysis particle detector 52 of detection thermion concentration.Wherein, above-mentioned gas detector 51 is permissible It is arranged on the potential conflagration area such as guest room, toilet, the quantity of this gas detector 51 specifically can be according to guest room, toilet etc. The quantity of potential conflagration area determines.Above-mentioned pyrolysis particle detector 52 can be arranged on the potential fire zone at electricity piece place Domain, the quantity of this pyrolysis particle detector 52 specifically can determine according to the quantity of the potential conflagration area at electricity piece place.On State with gas detector 51 and the pyrolysis fire alarm control module 53 that is connected of particle detector 52 can be arbitrary have reception, Send the control module with disposal ability, for example: single-chip microcomputer, processor etc., in the present embodiment, above-mentioned fire alarm controls mould Block 53 is used for receiving the early warning signal that gas detector 51 and/or pyrolysis particle detector 52 send, and will carry this early warning The early warning information of signal and the corresponding potential conflagration area mark of this early warning signal is sent to fire-fighting control unit 2.
Below the operation principle of fire extinguishing subsystem 6 provided by the utility model is illustrated, specifically:
During motor-car runs, the gas detector 51 of the potential conflagration area on motor-car can be with real-time detection The carbonomonoxide concentration of its in the air of potential conflagration area being located, and exceed gas detector in determination carbonomonoxide concentration During 51 predetermined threshold value, send early warning signal to fire alarm control module 53.Fire alarm control module 53 is receiving this After early warning signal, the early warning letter of the potential conflagration area mark that this early warning signal is located will be carried with this gas detector 51 Breath is sent to fire-fighting control unit 2.Fire-fighting control unit 2, after receiving this early warning information, feeds back to central control unit 1, So that the early warning information that railcar driver can be exported according to this central control unit 1, train crews are arranged to go to The potential conflagration area investigation disaster hidden-trouble of this early warning information indication, prevents the generation of fire.
Meanwhile, the pyrolysis particle detector 52 of the potential conflagration area on motor-car can be latent with its place of real-time detection In the thermion concentration that can reflect ambient temperature of conflagration area, and exceed pyrolysis particle detector in determination thermion concentration During 52 predetermined threshold value, send early warning signal to fire alarm control module 53.Fire alarm control module 53 is receiving this After early warning signal, the pre- of the potential conflagration area mark that this early warning signal is located will be carried with this pyrolysis particle detector 52 Alarming information is sent to fire-fighting control unit 2.Fire-fighting control unit 2, after receiving this early warning information, feeds back to central authorities and controls list Unit 1, so that the early warning information that railcar driver can be exported according to this central control unit 1, arranges train crews Go to the potential conflagration area investigation disaster hidden-trouble of this early warning information indication, prevent the generation of fire.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, this rail vehicle fire-fighting system not only can detect potential fire Whether disaster area domain there occurs fire, can also be by the gas being arranged on potential conflagration area included by its fire alarm subsystem Bulk detector and pyrolysis particle detector, to detect whether potential conflagration area has the hidden danger that fire occurs, and potential determining When conflagration area has the hidden danger that fire occurs, the fire alarm control module of fire alarm subsystem can be controlled by central authorities Unit exports this early warning information, so that the early warning information that railcar driver can be exported according to this central control unit, arranges Train crews go to the potential conflagration area investigation disaster hidden-trouble of this early warning information indication, prevent the generation of fire it is ensured that The normal operation of motor-car.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment three that Fig. 3 provides for this utility model, as shown in figure 3, Further, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include: fire extinguishing subsystem 6;Its In, this fire extinguishing subsystem 6 may include that at least one extinguishing device 61, fire extinguishing control module 62;Above-mentioned fire extinguishing control module 62 Can be connected with fire-fighting control unit 2, each extinguishing device 61 respectively.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include the fire extinguishing subsystem for fire extinguishing System 6, the extinguishing device 61 of the arbitrary potential conflagration area that this fire extinguishing subsystem 6 can include being arranged on motor-car, and be used for Control the fire extinguishing control module 62 that extinguishing device 61 is opened.Wherein, above-mentioned extinguishing device 61 can have fire-extinguishing function concurrently for arbitrary Device, for example: fire extinguisher etc..The particular number of above-mentioned extinguishing device 61 can be according to the quantity of the potential conflagration area of motor-car Determine.Above-mentioned fire extinguishing control module 62 can be arbitrary module with reception, transmission, control function, for example: processor etc..
In the present embodiment, the potential conflagration area of the difference of motor-car is provided with different types of extinguishing device 61, for example: can It is set using the extinguishing device 61 of nitrogen extinguishing with the potential conflagration area being located in electricity piece, can be located except electricity piece Other potential conflagration areas (for example: guest room, toilet etc.) outside potential conflagration area are set using the fire extinguishing of fresh water fire extinguishing Device 61.When implementing, the potential conflagration area that each electricity piece above-mentioned is located can be provided with one and use nitrogen extinguishing Extinguishing device, whether this may include that nozzle for controlling this potential conflagration area using the extinguishing device of nitrogen extinguishing The zone valve opened, control the electromagnetic valve whether high-pressure nitrogen bottle that this potential fire obtains open, be arranged on this potential fire The nozzle in region and the high-pressure nitrogen bottle being arranged on this potential conflagration area;Wherein, fire extinguishing control module 62 can be potential at this When conflagration area occurs fire, opened by the high-pressure nitrogen bottle of this potential conflagration area of solenoid valve control of this potential conflagration area Open, and when this high-pressure nitrogen bottle is opened, the nozzle of this potential conflagration area is controlled by this high-pressure nitrogen bottle by zone valve Nitrogen spray, to reach the purpose of fire extinguishing.The quantity of said nozzle specifically can according to the area of this potential conflagration area with And the demand of user sets, the quantity of above-mentioned zone valve specifically can also set according to the demand of user, for example: can be latent at this Two zone valves are set in conflagration area, each zone valve controls nozzle of the half of this potential conflagration area etc..
Above-mentioned other potential conflagration areas in addition to the potential conflagration area at electricity piece place can arrange one jointly Using the extinguishing device of fresh water fire extinguishing, this extinguishing device may include that electromagnetic valve, controls the potential fire zone being located except electricity piece The zone valve whether nozzle of other each the potential conflagration areas outside domain is opened, setting remove the potential fire that electricity piece is located The nozzle of other each potential conflagration areas outside region, fresh water bottle and high-pressure nitrogen bottle;Wherein, fire extinguishing control module 62 can When a certain potential conflagration area occurs fire, to be opened by solenoid valve control high-pressure nitrogen bottle so that high-pressure nitrogen bottle to Fresh water bottle is pressurized, and is opened the nozzle of this potential conflagration area by controlling the zone valve of the nozzle of this potential conflagration area, So that the nozzle that the fresh water after being pressurized in fresh water bottle passes through the potential conflagration area of this generation fire sprays high-pressure water mist..On State the nozzle quantity of other each the potential conflagration areas in addition to the potential conflagration area that electricity piece is located, specifically can basis The demand of the area of this potential conflagration area and user sets.The quantity of above-mentioned zone valve specifically can also be according to the need of user Ask setting, for example: can be nozzle two zone valves of setting altogether of each potential conflagration area, each zone valve controls this to dive Nozzle in the half of conflagration area etc..
Below so that this uses the extinguishing device of nitrogen extinguishing and this uses the extinguishing device of fresh water fire extinguishing as a example, to this practicality The operation principle of new provided fire extinguishing subsystem 6 illustrates, specifically:
During motor-car runs, when above-mentioned railcar driver checks video by central control unit 1, determine fire After the potential conflagration area of fire information indication that alert sub-system 3 sends really there occurs fire, railcar driver can pass through Central control unit 1 sends fire extinguishing instruction to fire-fighting control unit 2.Fire-fighting control unit 2, will after receiving fire extinguishing instruction This fire extinguishing instruction is transmitted to fire extinguishing control module 62.Now, if the extinguishing device 61 of the potential conflagration area of fire extinguishing instruction indication It is the extinguishing device 61 using nitrogen extinguishing, then fire extinguishing control module 62 can instruct according to received fire extinguishing, will put out a fire The electromagnetic valve whether high-pressure nitrogen bottle is opened that controls of the potential conflagration area of instruction indication is opened, meanwhile, by fire extinguishing instruction institute The zone valve whether opened of nozzle that controls of the potential conflagration area referring to is opened so that high-pressure nitrogen bottle pass through the nozzle opened to The fire extinguishing instruction potential conflagration area of indication sprays high pressure nitrogen, reaches the purpose of self-extinguishing.If fire extinguishing instruction indication is potential The extinguishing device 61 of conflagration area is the extinguishing device 61 using fresh water fire extinguishing, then fire extinguishing control module 62 can be according to being received The fire extinguishing instruction arrived, the electromagnetic valve controlling high-pressure nitrogen bottle whether to open is opened, meanwhile, by the potential fire of fire extinguishing instruction indication The zone valve whether nozzle of this potential conflagration area of control in disaster area domain is opened is opened, and so that high-pressure nitrogen bottle is increased to fresh water bottle Pressure, so that the nozzle that fresh water bottle is opened by this potential conflagration area sprays high pressure to the fire extinguishing instruction potential conflagration area of indication Water smoke, reaches the purpose of self-extinguishing.
Optionally, in another implementation of the present utility model, above-mentioned each use nitrogen extinguishing extinguishing device The pressure transducer of detection high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure in 61, can be provided with, this pressure transducer can be arranged on high pressure nitrogen On bottle, specifically can be arranged according to the type of pressure transducer.In this way, can be located with real-time detection pressure transducer High-pressure nitrogen bottle pressure, such that it is able in this high-pressure nitrogen bottle insufficient pressure, by control module 62 of putting out a fire to fire-fighting Control unit 2 sends pressure and reminds, and then allows fire-fighting control unit 2 that the prompting of this pressure is sent to central control unit 1, so that central control unit 1 is reminded according to this pressure, fill into nitrogen from this high-pressure nitrogen bottle of trend, or, defeated to user Go out this pressure to remind, so that user can fill into nitrogen to this high-pressure nitrogen bottle manually, and then make rail vehicle fire-fighting system When being put out a fire using this high-pressure nitrogen bottle, this high-pressure nitrogen bottle will not cannot discharge nitrogen because of insufficient pressure, improves Fire-fighting efficiency.
Optionally, in another implementation of the present utility model, above-mentioned each use fresh water fire extinguishing extinguishing device The pressure transducer of detection high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure in 61, can be provided with, and, the liquid level sensor of detection fresh water bottle surplus. Wherein, pressure transducer can be arranged on high-pressure nitrogen bottle, specifically can be arranged according to the type of pressure transducer, liquid level passes Sensor can be arranged on fresh water bottle, specifically can be arranged according to the type of liquid level sensor.In this way, can be real-time Detection pressure transducer be located high-pressure nitrogen bottle pressure, and, real-time detection liquid level sensor be located fresh water bottle remaining Amount, such that it is able in the high-pressure nitrogen bottle insufficient pressure of this extinguishing device 61 or during fresh water bottle water shortage, by fire extinguishing Control module 62 sends pressure to fire-fighting control unit 2 and reminds or surplus prompting, and then fire-fighting control unit 2 is incited somebody to action This pressure remind or surplus remind be sent to central control unit 1 so that central control unit 1 according to this pressure remind or Person's surplus is reminded, and fills into nitrogen from this high-pressure nitrogen bottle of trend, or, fill into fresh water to this fresh water bottle, and then make rail vehicle , when being put out a fire using this extinguishing device 61, the high-pressure nitrogen bottle of this extinguishing device 61 will not be because of insufficient pressure for fire-fighting system And cannot be to fresh water bottle supplying nitrogen, fresh water bottle also will not cannot spray high pressure fresh water because of water shortage, improves fire extinguishing Efficiency.Optionally, central control unit 1 can also export this pressure to user and remind or surplus prompting, so that user can To fill into nitrogen to this high-pressure nitrogen bottle manually, or, fill into fresh water etc. to this fresh water bottle.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, this rail vehicle fire-fighting system not only can detect potential fire Whether disaster area domain there occurs fire, can also be wrapped by its subsystem of putting out a fire when a certain potential conflagration area occurs fire The extinguishing device being arranged on potential conflagration area including, puts out a fire to this potential conflagration area, reaches the purpose of self-extinguishing, Compared with manually using fire fighting with fire extinguisher in prior art, rail vehicle fire-fighting system provided by the utility model, Neng Gou When there is fire, reach the purpose of rapid fire extinguishing, spreading of the intensity of a fire can be avoided, improve fire-fighting efficiency, reduce motor-car Loss.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system example IV that Fig. 4 provides for this utility model, as shown in figure 4, Further, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include: evacuates subsystem 7;This is dredged Scattered subsystem 7 may include that the broadcaster 71 being arranged on each compartment and escape direction board 72, exit signs control module 73;Wherein, above-mentioned exit signs control module 73 is referred to fire-fighting control unit 2, each broadcaster 71 and each escape respectively Show that board 72 connects.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include the evacuation for evacuating passenger Subsystem 7, this evacuation subsystem 7 can include the broadcaster 71 in each compartment being arranged on motor-car and escape direction board 72, and for controlling broadcaster 71 to play broadcast message, control escape direction board 72 to indicate the exit signs of escape route Control module 73.Wherein, above-mentioned broadcaster 71 can be arbitrary device with broadcast capability, for example: speaker.In this reality Apply in example, above-mentioned broadcaster 71 can be preset with broadcast message, this broadcast message can be for indicating this compartment to passenger There is the information of fire, the particular content of this broadcast message can set according to the demand of user.Above-mentioned exit signs control mould Block 73 can be arbitrary module with reception, transmission, control function, for example: processor etc..
Below the operation principle evacuating subsystem 7 provided by the utility model is illustrated, specifically:
During motor-car runs, when above-mentioned railcar driver checks video by central control unit 1, determine fire After the potential conflagration area of fire information indication that alert sub-system 3 sends really there occurs fire, railcar driver is by going out Before fiery subsystem 6 is put out a fire to the potential conflagration area that fire occurs, central control unit 1 can be first passed through to fire-fighting control Unit 2 processed sends evacuates instruction.Fire-fighting control unit 2, after receiving evacuation instruction, this evacuation instruction is transmitted to evacuation Instruction control module 73.Exit signs control module 73 instructs according to received evacuation, instructs the potential of indication to evacuating The broadcaster 71 in the compartment that conflagration area is located sends broadcast request, so that broadcaster 71 is according to this broadcast request, to Default broadcast message is broadcasted in the compartment that it is located, so that the passenger in this compartment timely knows that this compartment there occurs fire Calamity.Meanwhile, exit signs control module 73 instructs according to received evacuation, controls the escape direction board 72 in this compartment to indicate Escape route, so that the passenger in this compartment, according to the escape route of escape direction board 72, correctly, quickly flees from generation The compartment of fire, improves the efficiency of passenger's escape, being minimized of personal injury that simultaneously passenger can be caused with fire.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, this rail vehicle fire-fighting system is in a certain potential conflagration area Occur fire when, can by its evacuation subsystem included by the broadcaster being arranged on potential conflagration area place compartment, Make the compartment that passenger can timely know that it is located there occurs fire, meanwhile, the setting included by subsystem is evacuated by it In the escape direction board in potential conflagration area place compartment, to the route of passenger's instruction escape so that the passenger in this compartment according to The escape route of escape direction board, compartment that is correct, quickly fleeing from generation fire, improve the efficiency of passenger's escape, with When being minimized of personal injury that fire can be caused to passenger.
The structural representation of the rail vehicle fire-fighting system embodiment five that Fig. 5 provides for this utility model, as shown in figure 5, Further, on the basis of above-described embodiment, above-mentioned rail vehicle fire-fighting system can also include: control sub system for carriages 8; This control sub system for carriages 8 may include that compartment control module 81, the fire prevention door controller 82 being arranged on each compartment and setting Glass breaker 83 on the escape window in each compartment;Wherein, above-mentioned compartment control module 81 respectively with fire-fighting control unit 2nd, each fire prevention door controller 82 and each glass breaker 83 connect.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, during train operation, when above-mentioned railcar driver is controlling list by central authorities Video is checked by unit 1, determines the fire that the potential conflagration area of fire information indication that fire alarm subsystem 3 sends really is occurred Excessive it is impossible to when controlling or cannot be put out by subsystem 6 of putting out a fire, can be controlled single to fire-fighting by central control unit 1 Unit 2 transmission control instruction.This control instruction, after receiving this control instruction, can be transmitted to compartment by fire-fighting control unit 2 Control module 81.Compartment control module 81, can be anti-to the compartment of this control instruction indication after receiving this control instruction Vent controller 82 sends control instruction, is closed with the fire resistant doorsets controlling this compartment, reaches compartment and the isolation of other compartments Purpose, to avoid the fire spreading in this compartment to other compartments, such that it is able to be preferably minimized the harm of fire.Meanwhile, compartment Control module 81 can also send fracture instructions to the glass breaker 83 in the compartment of this control instruction indication, to control this compartment Glass breaker 83 smash the glass of escape window, so that the passenger being trapped in compartment can escape from from escape window, it is to avoid The personal injury to passenger for the fire.Wherein, above-mentioned compartment control module 81 can have reception, transmission, control function for arbitrary Module, for example: processor etc., the present embodiment repeats no more to this.
The rail vehicle fire-fighting system that this utility model provides, this rail vehicle fire-fighting system is in a certain potential conflagration area When occurring fire excessive, can be by this potential conflagration area place compartment that is arranged on included by its control sub system for carriages Fire prevention door controller, this compartment is closed, and reaches the purpose in this compartment and the isolation of other compartments, to avoid the intensity of a fire in this compartment Spread to other compartments, such that it is able to be preferably minimized the harm of fire.Meanwhile, by included by its control sub system for carriages It is arranged on the glass breaker in this potential conflagration area place compartment, by the glass breaking of the escape window in this compartment, so that quilt The passenger being trapped in compartment can escape from from escape window, it is to avoid the personal injury to passenger for the fire.
Last it is noted that various embodiments above is only in order to illustrating the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited System;Although being described in detail to this utility model with reference to foregoing embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should Understand: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or to wherein some or all of Technical characteristic carries out equivalent;And these modifications or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from this practicality new The scope of type each embodiment technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of rail vehicle fire-fighting system is it is characterised in that described rail vehicle fire-fighting system includes: central control unit, Fire-fighting control unit, fire alarm subsystem, video monitoring subsystem;Described fire alarm subsystem includes: at least one fire The fire alarming and controlling module that fire detector is connected with fire detector each described;Described video monitoring subsystem includes: extremely The video monitoring control module that a few photographic head is connected with photographic head each described;
Described fire-fighting control unit respectively with described central control unit, described fire alarming and controlling module and described video monitoring Control module connects.
2. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described rail vehicle fire-fighting system is also wrapped Include: fire alarm subsystem;Described fire alarm subsystem includes: at least one gas detector and at least one pyrolysis particle Detector, fire alarm control module;
Described fire alarm control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described gas detector and each described heat Solution particle detector connects.
3. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described rail vehicle fire-fighting system is also wrapped Include: fire extinguishing subsystem;Described fire extinguishing subsystem includes: at least one extinguishing device, fire extinguishing control module;
Described fire extinguishing control module is connected with described fire-fighting control unit, each described extinguishing device respectively.
4. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described extinguishing device includes: zone valve, Nozzle, electromagnetic valve, high-pressure nitrogen bottle;
Whether described fire extinguishing control module, for being opened by high-pressure nitrogen bottle described in described solenoid valve control, and in described height When pressure nitrogen cylinder is opened, described nozzle is controlled to spray the nitrogen in described high-pressure nitrogen bottle by described zone valve.
5. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 4 is it is characterised in that described fire extinguishing subsystem also includes: inspection Survey the pressure transducer of high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure.
6. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described extinguishing device includes: electromagnetic valve, Zone valve, nozzle, fresh water bottle and high-pressure nitrogen bottle;
Whether described fire extinguishing control module, for being increased to described fresh water bottle by high-pressure nitrogen bottle described in described solenoid valve control Pressure, and when described high-pressure nitrogen bottle be pressurized to described fresh water bottle, by the described zone valve described nozzle of control by described fresh water Fresh water after being pressurized in bottle sprays.
7. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that described fire extinguishing subsystem also includes: inspection Survey the pressure transducer of described high pressure nitrogen bottle pressure, and, detect the liquid level sensor of described fresh water bottle surplus.
8. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described rail vehicle fire-fighting system is also wrapped Include: evacuate subsystem;Described subsystem of evacuating includes: is arranged on the broadcaster in each compartment and escape direction board, evacuation refer to Show control module;
Described exit signs control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described broadcaster and each described escape Direction board connects.
9. rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described rail vehicle fire-fighting system is also wrapped Include: control sub system for carriages, described control sub system for carriages includes: compartment control module, is arranged on the fire resistant doorsets in each compartment Controller and the glass breaker being arranged on the escape window in each compartment;
Described compartment control module respectively with described fire-fighting control unit, each described fire prevention door controller and each described glass Destroyer connects.
10. the rail vehicle fire-fighting system according to any one of claim 1-9 is it is characterised in that described fire alarm is sub System also includes: is arranged on the alarm of each compartment and drivers' cab;
Described fire alarming and controlling module is connected with alarm each described.
CN201620794672.9U 2016-07-26 2016-07-26 Rail vehicle fire extinguishing system Active CN205913678U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107393250A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 A kind of method that train detects control new air-valve closing based on external fire
CN108211168A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-29 安徽清启系统集成有限公司 A kind of rail vehicle top layer storage type fire-fighting system
CN110038240A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-07-23 北京石油化工学院 A kind of gas concentration automatic detection alarm and datonation-inhibition fire extinguishing linkage system
CN110379118A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-25 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Fire prevention intelligent monitor system and method under train vehicle
CN111388912A (en) * 2020-04-22 2020-07-10 北京中电国核节能环保科技股份有限公司 Directional intelligent fire extinguishing system for high-speed rail motor train unit
CN112057776A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-11 中建空列(北京)工程设计研究院有限公司 Automatic fire extinguishing system of suspension type air train

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107393250A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-11-24 中车南京浦镇车辆有限公司 A kind of method that train detects control new air-valve closing based on external fire
CN108211168A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-06-29 安徽清启系统集成有限公司 A kind of rail vehicle top layer storage type fire-fighting system
CN110038240A (en) * 2019-03-26 2019-07-23 北京石油化工学院 A kind of gas concentration automatic detection alarm and datonation-inhibition fire extinguishing linkage system
CN110379118A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-25 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 Fire prevention intelligent monitor system and method under train vehicle
CN111388912A (en) * 2020-04-22 2020-07-10 北京中电国核节能环保科技股份有限公司 Directional intelligent fire extinguishing system for high-speed rail motor train unit
CN111388912B (en) * 2020-04-22 2021-03-09 北京中电国核节能环保科技股份有限公司 Directional intelligent fire extinguishing system for high-speed rail motor train unit
CN112057776A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-11 中建空列(北京)工程设计研究院有限公司 Automatic fire extinguishing system of suspension type air train

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