CN205912630U - Solanaceous vegetables's cultivation system - Google Patents

Solanaceous vegetables's cultivation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205912630U
CN205912630U CN201620930112.1U CN201620930112U CN205912630U CN 205912630 U CN205912630 U CN 205912630U CN 201620930112 U CN201620930112 U CN 201620930112U CN 205912630 U CN205912630 U CN 205912630U
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China
Prior art keywords
cultivation
solanaceous vegetables
pressure
support
cystosepiment
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CN201620930112.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许智远
王伟
李涵
许起东
许启亮
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Zhengzhou Hailite Agricultural And Forestry Technology Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Hailite Agricultural And Forestry Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a solanaceous vegetables's cultivation system can effectively solve the problem of solanaceous vegetables aerial fog cultivation, and technical scheme is, including nutrient solution supply system and solanaceous vegetables cultivation frame, solanaceous vegetables cultivation frame comprises a plurality of basic unit assembly together, and every elementary cell includes that support and level setting at the cystosepiment on support upper portion, are provided with a plurality of cultivation hole that link up from top to bottom on the cystosepiment, is provided with the field planting basket in the cultivation hole, and the nutrient solution supply system includes nutrition liquid storage tank, filter, magnetizer, low -pressure ball valve, high -pressure pump, high pressure ball valve and high pressure water mist nozzle, the utility model discloses having broken away from this kind of traditional agricultural breeding carrier in the soil, grown required nutrients (the aqueous solution) with solanaceous vegetables and deliver to the celery root through the form of fog, the droplet diameter 1 100 mu m can improve the absorption efficiency of solanaceous vegetables to the nutrient.

Description

A kind of cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables
Technical field
This utility model is related to plant aerial fog cultivation device, particularly a kind of cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables.
Background technology
The raising of each regional vegetable growing technology and facility level, the update of kind, market comsupton with China The change of demand, the supply of solanaceous vegetables is more heavily weighted toward the four seasons and can have, and market demand is very big.Solanaceous vegetables at present Planting type be mainly the mode that plastic canopy ground plants, the plastic canopy using specification of all sizes carries out solanaceous vegetables vegetable The production of dish, has multiple advantage such as insulation, rain-proof, Radix Saposhnikoviae, but plantation carrier is still tradition arable land, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control difficulty Larger, heavy metal pollution is serious, yields poorly.Therefore, it improves and innovation is imperative.
Utility model content
For above-mentioned situation, for overcoming the defect of prior art, the purpose of this utility model is exactly to provide a kind of solanaceous vegetables The cultivation system of vegetable, can effectively solving solanaceous vegetables aerial fog cultivation problem.
This utility model solve technical scheme be, a kind of cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables, this cultivation system include seek Nutrient solution supply system and solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand, solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand is to be bolted together by multiple elementary cells to constitute , each elementary cell includes support and be horizontally set on the cystosepiment of frame upper, cystosepiment is provided with and multiple passes through up and down Logical culture hole, cultivation in the hole is provided with field planting basket, and field planting basket is the hollow structure of upper opening, and its lumen loading has for eggplant The culture medium of fruit type vegetable growth, the field planting basket housing of culture medium side and lower section has and grows through for Herba Apii graveolentis root system Side through hole and bottom through-hole, be provided with the cultivation space being surrounded by the agricultural black and white film of pep, nutritional solution supply system below field planting basket System includes standing reservoir case, filter, magnetizator, low pressure ball valve, high-pressure pump, high-pressure ball valve and high-pressure water mist spray head, battalion Filter that the liquid outlet of nutrient solution storage bin is concatenated, magnetizator, low pressure ball valve are connected with the water inlet of high-pressure pump, high-pressure pump Outlet is connected with the water inlet of spraying main pipeline respectively through high-pressure ball valve, and spraying main pipeline is fixed on support, spraying supervisor Multiple spraying branch pipe(tube)s stretching into cultivation space are provided with road, spraying branch pipe(tube) are provided with high-pressure water mist spray head, constitute The atomization structure of nutritional solution.
This utility model structure novel and unique, advantages of simple, easily produce, convenient transport, can quick-assembling, complete cultivation area The integral arrangement in domain, saving of work and time, not only reduce cost, and advantage becomes apparent from terms of improving domestication of plants efficiency, Departing from this traditional agricultural cultivation carrier in soil, nutrient substance (aqueous solution) required for solanaceous vegetables growth is passed through mist Form deliver to Herba Apii graveolentis root, mist flow velocity is fast, density is big, spray is uniform, broad covered area, turbulent extent are high, the volume to air Energy-absorbing power is strong, can meet the demand to air and nutrient for the root simultaneously;1-100 μm of mist particle diameter, can improve solanaceous vegetables pair The absorption efficiency of nutrient, has water saving, section is fertile, save land, energy-saving and environmental protection, cleaning, safety, reduced investment, low cost, recruitment are few, easy The advantages of operation and product high yield, high-quality, easy to use, effect is good, has good Social and economic benef@.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is this utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the top view of this utility model solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand.
Fig. 3 is the axonometric chart (not installing cystosepiment) of this utility model solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing at a in this Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of this utility model solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand.
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of this utility model field planting basket.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.
Be given by Fig. 1-6, this utility model includes nutritional solution supply system and solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand, solanaceous vegetables Cultivating stand is bolted together by multiple elementary cells and constitutes, and each elementary cell includes support and is horizontally set on support The cystosepiment 16 in portion, cystosepiment 16 is provided with the culture hole 17 of multiple up/down perforations, is provided with field planting basket 18 in culture hole 17, Field planting basket 18 is the hollow structure of upper opening, and its lumen loading has the culture medium 19 for solanaceous vegetables growth, culture medium The side through hole 183 growing through for Herba Apii graveolentis root system and bottom through-hole are had on the field planting basket housing 181 of 19 sides and lower section 184, it is provided with the cultivation space 27 being surrounded by the agricultural black and white film of pep 26 below field planting basket, nutritional solution supply system includes nutrition Liquid storage bin 1, filter 3, magnetizator 4, low pressure ball valve 6, high-pressure pump 7, high-pressure ball valve 9 and high-pressure water mist spray head 13, nutrition Filter 3 that the liquid outlet of liquid storage bin 1 is concatenated, magnetizator, low pressure ball valve 6 are connected with the water inlet of high-pressure pump 7, high-pressure pump 7 outlet is connected with the water inlet of spraying main pipeline 2 respectively through high-pressure ball valve 9, and spraying main pipeline 2 is fixed on support, spray Multiple spraying branch pipe(tube)s 22 stretching into cultivation space are provided with mist main pipeline 2, spraying branch pipe(tube) is provided with heavy pressure fine spray Shower nozzle 12, constitutes the atomization structure of nutritional solution.
For ensureing using effect, described support includes supporting leg 11 and is arranged on the bracket composition of supporting leg, cystosepiment 16 are fixed on bracket;Described supporting leg is vertically provided with height adjusting holes, the two ends of bracket be provided with for The fixing card 14 that lower limb connects, fixing card 14 is provided with the installing hole corresponding with height adjusting holes, bracket is by being installed on height The rivet of degree adjustment hole and installation in the hole is fixed on supporting leg, constitutes the height adjusting structure of reassembling type, two supporting legs of high order end Between be provided with reinforcement 25 and two supporting legs of low order end between;Described bracket is the 2 long supports being arranged by parallel spaced-apart 13 and the square frame-shapeds of vertical with long support and the setting in parallel spaced-apart 2 short support 20 compositions, the end of long support and short support all with prop up Lower limb links together, and the section of long support is in l shape, and cystosepiment is placed on the bottom surface of l shape, and the upper edge of the agricultural black and white film of pep is placed in bubble Between foam plate and bracket bottom surface, it is fixed by cultivation cystosepiment, the lower clan of the agricultural black and white film of pep is on being arranged on supporting leg On bearing plate 15, constitute the fixed structure of the agricultural black and white film of pep, supporting leg bottom is provided with bearing plate and fixes support 21, bearing plate Supporting leg bottom is arranged on by the fixing support level of bearing plate.
Nutritional solution return port 28 is provided with the agricultural black and white film of pep of described cultivation space 15 bottom, the going out of high-pressure pump 7 The mouth of a river is connected with the import of standing reservoir case 1 and each return port respectively through pressure-regulating valve 10, constitutes pressure adjustable type overflow Structure, unabsorbed nutritional solution is back to standing reservoir case through liquid back pipe and is circulated utilization;
It is provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor via controller is connected with high-pressure pump 7, controller on described support By receiving the temperature signal of temperature sensor, the switch of high-pressure pump can be controlled, thus being adjusted to spray time;
First pressure sensor 5, high-pressure pump and height are provided with the pipeline between described magnetizator 4 and low pressure ball valve 6 Second pressure sensor 8 is provided with the pipeline between pressure ball valve 9;
Described field planting basket is up big and down small truncated cone-shaped hollow structure, and its upper end is provided with the fixing edge of outwardly convex 182, field planting basket passes through fixing edge and is installed on cystosepiment;
The quantity of described spraying branch pipe(tube) is equal with the quantity of elementary cell and corresponds;
One end being connected with high-pressure pump of described spraying main pipeline 2 is provided with joint 23, and the other end is provided with plug 24;
First pressure sensor 5, high-pressure pump and high pressure are provided with the pipeline between described magnetizator and low pressure ball valve Second pressure sensor 8 is provided with the pipeline between ball valve.
Described high-pressure water mist spray head is the " ultra-fine of the Patent No. " 200610017940.7 " of applicant's earlier application Waterfog head ".
Described filter 3 is " the low-voltage high-efficiency mistake of the Patent No. " 200920091513.2 " of applicant's earlier application Filter ";
Pipeline between described standing reservoir case 1 and high-pressure pump 7 is low pressure line, high-pressure pump 7 and heavy pressure fine spray Pipeline between shower nozzle 10 is pressure duct;
Described magnetizator, first pressure sensor, second pressure sensor, high-pressure pump, low pressure ball valve, high-pressure ball valve, Pressure-regulating valve, low pressure line, pressure duct are commercially available prod (prior art).
Described nutritional solution is by the calcium nitrate 95kg of weight meter, potassium nitrate 81kg, magnesium sulfate 50kg, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 15.5kg, edta ferrum sodium salt 15-25kg, boric acid 0.3kg, manganese sulfate 0.2kg, zinc sulfate 0.022kg, copper sulfate 0.005kg, molybdenum Sour sodium or ammonium molybdate 0.002kg add mix homogeneously in 100t water to make.
When this utility model uses, multiple elementary cells can be bolted together use, as shown in figure 3, be given is 3 Elementary cell is bolted together, and when splicing each elementary cell, passes through fixing card by the two ends of bracket and connects with adjacent supporting leg Together, simple, convenient dismounting is installed.During use, the root system of solanaceous vegetables grows in field planting basket, can from side wall and The through hole of bottom stretches into spraying space, makes solanaceous vegetables have independent, sufficient growing space, is contained in standing reservoir case Nutritional solution first passes through filter filtration, magnetizator magnetization, then is delivered to spray after the atomization of each high-pressure water mist spray head by high-pressure pump Go out, diffuse to whole spraying space, so that solanaceous vegetables is in and carry out growth promoter under a kind of optimal rhizosphere state, do not planted The nutritional solution that thing absorbs back flows back into nutritional solution cassette for supplying by return port and recycles, and compared with prior art, this practicality is new Type framework is rigidly good, scientific structure design, simple, reasonable, a set of standard component of formation, solves transportation cycle simultaneously and uses and face When the place problem placed, can be used easily assembled for multiple cultivating stand standard modules according to the size of cultivation scale, compensate for The deficiency of traditional cultivation frame, not only reduces cost, and in terms of improving domestication of plants efficiency, advantage becomes apparent from, according to eggplant Fruit type vegetable growing state adjusts the height in cultivation space, its structure novel and unique, advantages of simple up and down, easily produces, convenient fortune Defeated, can quick-assembling, complete the integral arrangement of cultural area, saving of work and time, not only reduce cost, and improve plant training Plant efficiency aspect advantage to become apparent from, departing from this traditional agricultural cultivation carrier in soil, will be required for solanaceous vegetables growth Nutrient substance (aqueous solution) Herba Apii graveolentis root is delivered to by the form of mist, mist flow velocity is fast, density is big, spray is uniform, coverage rate Extensively, turbulent extent is high, strong to the volume energy-absorbing power of air, can meet the demand to air and nutrient for the root simultaneously;Mist particle diameter 1- 100 μm, the absorption efficiency to nutrient for the solanaceous vegetables can be improved, have water saving, section is fertile, save land, energy-saving and environmental protection, cleaning, peace Entirely, reduced investment, low cost, recruitment be few, easy to operate and the advantages of product high yield, high-quality, easy to use, effect is good, has good Social and economic benef@.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables is it is characterised in that this cultivation system includes nutritional solution supply system and solanberry Class vegetable cultivation frame, solanaceous vegetables cultivating stand is bolted together by multiple elementary cells and constitutes, each elementary cell bag Include support and the cystosepiment (16) being horizontally set on frame upper, cystosepiment (16) is provided with the culture hole of multiple up/down perforations (17), it is provided with field planting basket (18) in culture hole (17), field planting basket (18) is the hollow structure of upper opening, its lumen loading has For the culture medium (19) of solanaceous vegetables growth, the field planting basket housing (181) of culture medium (19) side and lower section is opened respectively There are the side through hole (183) growing through for Herba Apii graveolentis root system and bottom through-hole (184), be provided with agricultural black by pep below field planting basket The cultivation space (27) that tunica albuginea (26) surrounds, nutritional solution supply system includes standing reservoir case (1), filter (3), magnetizator (4), low pressure ball valve (6), high-pressure pump (7), high-pressure ball valve (9) and high-pressure water mist spray head (13), the going out of standing reservoir case (1) Filter (3) that liquid mouth is concatenated, magnetizator, low pressure ball valve (6) are connected with the water inlet of high-pressure pump (7), the going out of high-pressure pump (7) The mouth of a river is connected with the water inlet of spraying main pipeline (2) respectively through high-pressure ball valve (9), and spraying main pipeline (2) is fixed on support, spray Multiple spraying branch pipe(tube)s (22) stretching into cultivation space are provided with mist main pipeline (2), spraying branch pipe(tube) is provided with high pressure fine Waterfog head (12), constitutes the atomization structure of nutritional solution.
2. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described support includes supporting leg (11) and be arranged on supporting leg bracket constitute, cystosepiment (16) is fixed on bracket.
3. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 2, described supporting leg is vertically provided with height Adjustment hole, the two ends of bracket are provided with the fixing card (14) for being connected with supporting leg, fixing card (14) is provided with and adjusts with height The corresponding installing hole of knothole, bracket is fixed on supporting leg by being installed on the rivet of height adjusting holes and installation in the hole, constitutes The height adjusting structure of reassembling type.
4. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 3, described bracket is 2 being arranged by parallel spaced-apart Length supports the square frame-shaped that (13) and 2 short supports (20) that are vertical with long support and arranging are constituted, the end of length support and short support in parallel spaced-apart Portion is all linked together with supporting leg, and the section of long support is in l shape, and cystosepiment is placed on the bottom surface of l shape, the agricultural black and white film of pep upper Along being placed between cystosepiment and bracket bottom surface, it is fixed by cultivation cystosepiment, the lower clan of the agricultural black and white film of pep is being arranged on On bearing plate (15) on supporting leg, constitute the fixed structure of the agricultural black and white film of pep.
5. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 3, the pep of described cultivation space (15) bottom is agricultural Nutritional solution return port (28) is provided with black and white film, the outlet of high-pressure pump (7) through pressure-regulating valve (10) respectively with nutritional solution The import of storage bin (1) is connected with each return port, constitutes pressure adjustable type flow structure.
6. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1, described support is provided with temperature sensor, temperature Sensor via controller is connected with high-pressure pump (7).
7. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1, described magnetizator (4) and low pressure ball valve (6) it Between pipeline on be provided with first pressure sensor (5), the pipeline between high-pressure pump and high-pressure ball valve (9) is provided with second Pressure transducer (8).
8. solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1 cultivation system it is characterised in that described field planting basket be upper big under Little truncated cone-shaped hollow structure, its upper end is provided with the fixing edge (182) of outwardly convex, and field planting basket passes through fixing edge and is installed on bubble On foam plate.
9. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the number of described spraying branch pipe(tube) Amount is equal with the quantity of elementary cell and corresponds.
10. the cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described spraying main pipeline 2 The one end being connected with high-pressure pump is provided with joint (23), and the other end is provided with plug (24).
CN201620930112.1U 2016-08-24 2016-08-24 Solanaceous vegetables's cultivation system Active CN205912630U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069711A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-09 郑州海力特农林科技有限公司 The cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables
CN109392526A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-03-01 合肥桴槎山软籽石榴研发有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting seedling culture device
CN109673495A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-04-26 郑州海力特农林科技有限公司 A kind of cloud and mist cultural method of pakchoi

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069711A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-09 郑州海力特农林科技有限公司 The cultivation system of solanaceous vegetables
CN109392526A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-03-01 合肥桴槎山软籽石榴研发有限公司 A kind of agricultural planting seedling culture device
CN109673495A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-04-26 郑州海力特农林科技有限公司 A kind of cloud and mist cultural method of pakchoi

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