CN205804633U - A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction - Google Patents

A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205804633U
CN205804633U CN201620547908.9U CN201620547908U CN205804633U CN 205804633 U CN205804633 U CN 205804633U CN 201620547908 U CN201620547908 U CN 201620547908U CN 205804633 U CN205804633 U CN 205804633U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
waterproof
reinforced concrete
concrete structure
bottom board
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620547908.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶佐楼
叶苏棋
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Shenzhen Three Sen Decorative Design Engineering Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Three Sen Decorative Design Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620547908.9U priority Critical patent/CN205804633U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205804633U publication Critical patent/CN205804633U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction, including reinforced concrete structure layer, the waterproof layer that is arranged between reinforced concrete structure layer and rammed earth layer, and the impervious barrier between reinforced concrete structure layer and earth's surface decorative layer;Described waterproof layer includes C15 concrete cushion, waterproof roll layer, the first malthoid layer and C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer successively from rammed earth layer to reinforced concrete structure layer;Described impervious barrier includes polyurethane water-proof layer, the second malthoid layer and cement mortar screeding layer successively from reinforced concrete structure layer to earth's surface decorative layer, this utility model uses waterproof layer to combine with impervious barrier, by inside and outside double level antiseep, the seepage situation that the factor such as temperature and sedimentation that the most not only effectively prevent causes, and can effectively adapt to settlement of foundation and the bed course pressure break that building structure causes because of deadweight, and therefore will not destroy waterproof and impervious barrier water-proof function;It addition, this utility model has the simple effect of anti-seepage construction.

Description

A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction
Technical field
This utility model relates to the realm of building construction, is specifically related to a kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction.
Background technology
Can the water resistance quality of basement bottom board be related to basement and normally use, and the geology residing for basement is not With, function is different, and design and construction is the most different, and its percolating water position and form there is also variation.
At present, mostly being rigid concrete self waterproofing together in waterproof design for basement, additionally the outside at basement adds one To two roads be made up of waterproof material waterproof guard flexibly.Added up by substantial amounts of engineering practice, there are about 80% engineering waterproofing Result is successful, and percolating water occurs in the basement of about 20% engineering local, brings the biggest difficulty to the use of user.
The essence of waterproof slab scheme is really being done waterproof to bed course, and therefore bed course and building are self-existent two Planting structure, waterproof layer has only been provided in the interface of bed course, if waterproof layer has any point defect, will occur at bed course Large-area long-pending channeling water.If destroying it addition, basic unit's sedimentation also results in waterproof roll, there is channeling water phenomenon, thus causing preventing The global failure of water.
Further, building waterproof layer is at the upstream face of building, and main effect is to stop and water conservancy diversion static pressure water.Basement Being immersed in all the year round in subsoil water, subsoil water is all-pervasive with pressure, the characteristic of water, as long as the seam of waterproof layer has a bit Run-down, waterproof layer is the most inoperative.Be additionally, since the motion of the earth's crust and the sedimentation in room, " protective layer " of room outer wrapping also It is easy to damage, does not perhaps see what problem in two years after just construction, can be as saving bit by bit of water, and the time is the most long-pending Tired, the problem of infiltration will be increasingly severe.
Utility model content
This utility model is in order to solve the problems referred to above that prior art exists, it is provided that a kind of at reinforced concrete structure layer Under waterproof layer is set, reinforced concrete structure layer arranges the basement bottom board waterproof construction of impervious barrier.
Realizing above-mentioned purpose, this utility model provides a kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction, ties including armored concrete Structure layer, the waterproof layer being arranged between reinforced concrete structure layer and rammed earth layer, and it is positioned at reinforced concrete structure layer And the impervious barrier between the decorative layer of earth's surface;Described waterproof layer includes C15 from rammed earth layer successively to reinforced concrete structure layer Concrete cushion, waterproof roll layer, the first malthoid layer and C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer;Described impervious barrier is from armored concrete Structure sheaf to earth's surface decorative layer includes polyurethane water-proof layer, the second malthoid layer and cement mortar screeding layer successively.
As further preferred scheme of the present utility model, described waterproof roll layer is that asphalt water-proof coiled material, high polymer change Property asphalt water-proof coiled material or synthetic polymeric waterproofing material.
As further preferred scheme of the present utility model, the thickness of described waterproof roll layer is 4mm, by waterproof during construction Coiled material layer gets rid of limit along basement bottom board is outwards reserved not less than 300mm, described in get rid of edge basement wall and upwards turn over, make waterproof Coiled material layer and external wall waterproof overlap joint, form the waterproof construction closed continuously.
As further preferred scheme of the present utility model, described waterproof roll layer is before laying, at C15 concrete cushion On be painted with wet-cured type adhesive or moistureproof interface interleaving agent.
As further preferred scheme of the present utility model, described first malthoid layer and the second malthoid layer all use flower paving The mode paving malthoid of 200g malthoid.
As further preferred scheme of the present utility model, the thickness of described C15 concrete cushion is 100mm, described C15 The thickness of pea gravel concreten protective layer is 50mm.
Basement bottom board waterproof construction of the present utility model can reach following beneficial effect:
Basement bottom board waterproof construction of the present utility model, by include reinforced concrete structure layer, be arranged on reinforcing bar mix Waterproof layer between Xtah Crude Clay structure layer and rammed earth layer, and between reinforced concrete structure layer and earth's surface decorative layer Impervious barrier;Described waterproof layer includes C15 concrete cushion, waterproof roll from rammed earth layer successively to reinforced concrete structure layer Layer, the first malthoid layer and C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer;Described impervious barrier depends on to earth's surface decorative layer from reinforced concrete structure layer Secondary include polyurethane water-proof layer, the second malthoid layer and cement mortar screeding layer so that basement bottom board of the present utility model uses Waterproof layer combines with impervious barrier, by inside and outside double level antiseep, the most not only effectively prevent the factor such as temperature and sedimentation The seepage situation caused, and can effectively adapt to settlement of foundation and the bed course pressure break that building structure causes because of deadweight, and room Settlement of foundation and bed course pressure break that room structure will not cause because of deadweight and destroy waterproof and impervious barrier water-proof function;It addition, This utility model has the simple effect of anti-seepage construction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With detailed description of the invention, this utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The sectional drawing of the example that Fig. 1 provides for this utility model basement bottom board waterproof construction.
In figure: 1, cement mortar screeding layer, the 2, second malthoid layer, 3, polyurethane water-proof layer, 4, reinforced concrete structure layer, 5, C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer, the 6, first malthoid layer, 7, waterproof roll layer, 8, C15 concrete cushion.
Detailed description of the invention
Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain this utility model, is not used to limit this Utility model.
The sectional drawing of the example that Fig. 1 provides for this utility model basement bottom board waterproof construction, as it is shown in figure 1, underground Room waterproof slab structure include reinforced concrete structure floor, be arranged between reinforced concrete structure floor and rammed earth floor anti- Water layer, and the impervious barrier between reinforced concrete structure layer and earth's surface decorative layer;Described waterproof layer is from rammed earth layer To reinforcing bar basement bottom board waterproof construction as shown in Figure 1, including reinforced concrete structure layer 4, it is arranged on armored concrete knot Waterproof layer between structure layer 4 and rammed earth layer, and the antiseepage between reinforced concrete structure layer 4 and earth's surface decorative layer Layer;Described waterproof layer includes C15 concrete cushion 8, waterproof roll layer successively from rammed earth layer to reinforced concrete structure layer 4 7, the first malthoid layer 6 and C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer 5;Described impervious barrier is from reinforced concrete structure layer 4 to earth's surface decorative layer Include polyurethane water-proof layer the 3, second malthoid layer 2 and cement mortar screeding layer 1 successively.
In being embodied as, described waterproof roll layer 7 is asphalt water-proof coiled material, polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material or synthesis Polymer membranes, the thickness of described waterproof roll layer 7 is 4mm, by outside along basement bottom board for waterproof roll layer 7 during construction Reserved get rid of limit not less than 300mm, described in get rid of edge basement wall and upwards turn over, make waterproof roll layer 7 and external wall waterproof overlap joint, Forming the waterproof construction closed continuously, described waterproof roll layer 7, before laying, is painted with moisturecuring on C15 concrete cushion 8 Type adhesive or moistureproof interface interleaving agent.
Described first malthoid layer 6 and the second malthoid layer 2 all use the mode paving malthoid of flower paving 200g malthoid, described C15 The thickness of concrete cushion 8 is 100mm, and the thickness of described C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer 5 is 50mm.
In order to allow those skilled in the art be more fully understood that and realize the technical solution of the utility model, this is explained in detail below The part constructing operation of utility model and requirement.
The paved surface of waterproof roll layer 7 must be smooth, without hollowing, the phenomenon such as concavo-convex.After C15 concrete cushion 8 pours, table Face press polish, before paving waterproof roll, should clean up screed-coat, on the basic unit face that C15 concrete cushion 8 is formed at brushing Reason agent, when basic unit is moister, should brushing wet-cured type adhesive or moistureproof interface interleaving agent.
Size should be sequenced before the waterproof roll paving of waterproof roll layer 7, eject normal line.Adhesive brushing should be uniform, no Show-through, do not pile up, the time interval of adhesive brushing and installation of membrane when laying coiled material, should be controlled, get rid of the sky below coiled material Gas, and roll-in is bonding firmly, must not have hollowing.Paving waterproof roll should be straight, smooth, and the long edge lap of waterproof roll is no less than 100, minor face overlap joint is no less than 120, and coiled material is no less than 90% in the bonding rate of basal plane, must not have hollowing phenomenon.Waterproof roll During construction, two people lift and coiled material is adhesively fixed from one end, then along the standard alignment other end paving that bullet is good, during operation not It is tightened too much, wrinkle folding does not occur.The coiled material that paving plane is connected with facade should be carried out from bottom to top, makes waterproof roll be close to , must not there be hollowing and bonding phenomenon loosely in negative and positive angle, notice that waterproof roll does not wander off.Coiled material must be got rid of after paving is complete Interior bubble, makes coiled material smooth, bonding tight.
Bearing the upstream face of hydraulic pressure, after waterproof roll layer 7 lays complete passed examination, should be at the edge sealing of waterproof roll The usage ratio strengthening bonded adhesives carrys out edge sealing.Waterproof roll layer 7 gets rid of limit along basement bottom board is outwards reserved not less than 300mm, Get rid of edge basement wall upwards to turn over, make waterproof roll layer 7 and external wall waterproof overlap joint, form the waterproof construction closed continuously.
After construction of waterproof layer is complete, in time bonding quality and waterproof layer should be done comprehensively inspection, be found to have waterproof layer scratch, Should repair immediately at cavity, alice, hollowing, repair qualified after, with hairbrush at one layer of cement mortar of all of seam crossing brushing, will connect Obturage at seam.
Although the foregoing describing detailed description of the invention of the present utility model, but those skilled in the art should managing Solving, these are merely illustrative of, and present embodiment can be made various changes or modifications, without departing from of the present utility model former Reason and essence, protection domain of the present utility model is only limited by the claims that follow.

Claims (6)

1. a basement bottom board waterproof construction, it is characterised in that include reinforced concrete structure layer, be arranged on armored concrete Waterproof layer between structure sheaf and rammed earth layer, and the antiseepage between reinforced concrete structure layer and earth's surface decorative layer Layer;Described waterproof layer from rammed earth layer to reinforced concrete structure layer include successively C15 concrete cushion, waterproof roll layer, First malthoid layer and C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer;Described impervious barrier is from reinforced concrete structure layer to earth's surface decorative layer successively Including polyurethane water-proof layer, the second malthoid layer and cement mortar screeding layer.
2. according to the basement bottom board waterproof construction described in claim 1, it is characterised in that described waterproof roll layer is that Colophonium is prevented Water coiled material, polymer modified bituminous waterproof sheet material or synthetic polymeric waterproofing material.
3. according to the basement bottom board waterproof construction described in claim 2, it is characterised in that the thickness of described waterproof roll layer is 4mm, gets rid of limit along basement bottom board is outwards reserved not less than 300mm by waterproof roll layer during construction, described in get rid of edge basement Body of wall upwards turns over, and makes waterproof roll layer and external wall waterproof overlap joint, forms the waterproof construction closed continuously.
4. according to the basement bottom board waterproof construction described in claim 3, it is characterised in that described waterproof roll layer is being laid Before, C15 concrete cushion is painted with wet-cured type adhesive or moistureproof interface interleaving agent.
5. according to the basement bottom board waterproof construction described in claim 4, it is characterised in that described first malthoid layer and the second oil Carpet veneer all uses the mode paving malthoid of flower paving 200g malthoid.
6. according to the basement bottom board waterproof construction described in any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterised in that described C15 concrete The thickness of bed course is 100mm, and the thickness of described C15 pea gravel concreten protective layer is 50mm.
CN201620547908.9U 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction Expired - Fee Related CN205804633U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620547908.9U CN205804633U (en) 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620547908.9U CN205804633U (en) 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of basement bottom board waterproof construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205804633U true CN205804633U (en) 2016-12-14

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107891644A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-04-10 中国五冶集团有限公司 Terrace waterproof construction
CN110578344A (en) * 2018-06-11 2019-12-17 冯建荣 Embedded water-proof coiled material
CN111042310A (en) * 2019-12-14 2020-04-21 中冶天工集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate structure and construction method thereof
CN111058573A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-24 杭州宝力体育设施工程有限公司 Waterproof roof and construction method thereof
CN113338352A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-09-03 宁波市环湖建设有限公司 Basement bottom plate waterproof structure and construction method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107891644A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-04-10 中国五冶集团有限公司 Terrace waterproof construction
CN110578344A (en) * 2018-06-11 2019-12-17 冯建荣 Embedded water-proof coiled material
CN111058573A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-04-24 杭州宝力体育设施工程有限公司 Waterproof roof and construction method thereof
CN111042310A (en) * 2019-12-14 2020-04-21 中冶天工集团有限公司 Basement bottom plate structure and construction method thereof
CN113338352A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-09-03 宁波市环湖建设有限公司 Basement bottom plate waterproof structure and construction method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161214

Termination date: 20190606