CN205748469U - Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide - Google Patents

Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN205748469U
CN205748469U CN201620457167.5U CN201620457167U CN205748469U CN 205748469 U CN205748469 U CN 205748469U CN 201620457167 U CN201620457167 U CN 201620457167U CN 205748469 U CN205748469 U CN 205748469U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
landslide
water level
slip mass
inclinometer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201620457167.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙淼军
汪明元
徐学勇
狄圣杰
杜文博
熊潇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PowerChina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
PowerChina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PowerChina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd filed Critical PowerChina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201620457167.5U priority Critical patent/CN205748469U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205748469U publication Critical patent/CN205748469U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

This utility model relates to many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide.The purpose of this utility model is to provide many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide, and Contents for Monitoring includes surface displacement, deep displacement, level of ground water and osmotic pressure, tries hard to solve the problem that in prior art, Contents for Monitoring is single and prediction is difficult.The technical solution of the utility model is: many Information Field monitoring systems of reservoir landslide, described reservoir landslide includes sliding surface, the above slip mass of water level and the following slip mass of water level, the surface of the above slip mass of water level is surface, landslide, it is characterized in that described monitoring system is by the exterior portion displacement monitoring unit come down on surface, inclination monitoring unit in the above slip mass of water level and the following slip mass of water level and the seepage field monitoring means in the following slip mass of water level are constituted, pier is monitored with each GPS, inclination monitoring unit and seepage field monitoring means are one group and arrange along sliding surface interval.This utility model is applicable to monitoring technology for geological hazards field.

Description

Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide
Technical field
This utility model relates to monitoring technology for geological hazards field, and especially a kind of many information of reservoir landslide are existing Field monitoring system.
Background technology
In China, the important content turned in water conservancy " 13 " planning of great Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering, Mean large number of water resources and hydropower project will be had to put into operation in the increasingly complex area of geological conditions, And an easily region of this type of area landslide disaster often.Owing to Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering radiation areas are extensive, shadow Ring populous, once engineering construction and run in occur landslide failure, will result in great economic loss and Social influence widely.Therefore, it is necessary to Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering construction and runtime have been found out with potential Landslide carries out omnibearing monitoring, just makes effectively preventing and measures to keep clear before landslide disaster occurs, with Exempt to cause life and property loss.
At present, the landslide monitoring content in Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering is based on displacement monitoring, i.e. on surface, landslide GPS is set and monitors pier, and periodically use GPS that surface displacement is measured, utilize surface, landslide The temporal aspect prediction Landslide Evolution trend of displacement.Landslide, reservoir basin Rock soil Characteristics, earth formation etc. are landslides Inherent attribute, rainfall, reservoir level lifting be then likely to become induced landslide slide risk factor.Inside and outside shadow The factor of sound causes deformation and the slip on landslide, the stress field come down in the process, deformation field, seepage field and Temperature fields etc. all can embody exception, and being only monitored areal deformation field, landslide obviously can not be many to landslide Field information carries out comprehensive monitoring, may adversely affect the prediction precision on landslide.Therefore, accurate True Landslide Prediction and effective preventing land slide need based on comprehensive monitoring information.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: provide a kind of many Information Field of reservoir landslide to monitor system System, Contents for Monitoring includes surface displacement, deep displacement, level of ground water and osmotic pressure, tries hard to solve existing skill The problem that in art, Contents for Monitoring is single and prediction is difficult.
Many Information Field monitoring systems of the technical scheme is that reservoir landslide of this utility model, described Reservoir landslide includes the above slip mass of sliding surface, water level and the following slip mass of water level, the above slip mass of water level Surface for landslide surface, it is characterised in that described monitoring system by the exterior portion displacement monitoring unit come down on surface, Oozing in inclination monitoring unit in the above slip mass of water level and the following slip mass of water level and the following slip mass of water level Flow field monitoring means is constituted, wherein:
Exterior portion displacement monitoring unit is that the GPS being located at surface, landslide monitors pier, is provided with at the top of this monitoring pier The structure of GPS can be installed;
Inclination monitoring unit is by movable type inclinometer, PVC inclinometer pipe, inclinometer readout instrument and the supporting electricity of inclinometer Cable forms, and PVC inclinometer pipe is embedded in below sliding surface 2m by deviational survey boring, and at the end of PVC inclinometer pipe Portion pours cement mortar thick for 5cm and seals lid, has filling thin in the gap between PVC inclinometer pipe and deviational survey boring Sand;Described movable type inclinometer is placed in PVC inclinometer pipe and by inclinometer accessory cables and outside deviational survey Instrument readout instrument connects;
Seepage field monitoring means is by INTEGRATED SIGHT boring, osmometer, water-level gauge, type vibration wire readout instrument and supporting Cable forms, and described osmometer and water-level gauge are fixed and in hole by filling medium coarse sand at INTEGRATED SIGHT in holing Mouth joints cement mortar sealing, osmometer and water-level gauge pass described sealing and outside vibratory string through accessory cables Formula readout instrument connects;
With each GPS monitoring pier, inclination monitoring unit and seepage field monitoring means be one group along between sliding surface Every layout.
The construction method of many Information Field monitoring systems of this utility model reservoir landslide, comprises the following steps:
1, the exterior portion displacement monitoring unit on surface, construction landslide, first carries out the construction of GPS monitoring pier, After its concrete curing completes, dispose GPS in GPS monitoring pier top portion;
2, the inclination monitoring unit in the above slip mass of working water level and the following slip mass of water level, initially with brill Machine drill sets deviational survey boring, and dregs bottom cleaning after drilling to completion, right angle setting PVC inclinometer pipe is to sliding Face less than 7 2m, inclinometer tube orifice exceeds drilling orifice 5~10cm, and pours 5cm bottom PVC inclinometer pipe Solid cement mortar seals lid;Gap after maintaining cement mortar terminates, between deviational survey boring and PVC inclinometer pipe In successively perfusion fill fine sand to deviational survey drilling orifice elevation;
By movable type inclinometer from top to bottom by PVC inclinometer pipe, movable type inclinometer is supporting by inclinometer Cable is connected with inclinometer readout instrument, measures the inclination angle between movable type inclinometer axis and vertical line, inclination angle Change is converted to by the signal of telecommunication, thus records in the above slip mass of water level and the following slip mass of water level different The shift value of depth, is shown by inclinometer readout instrument and stores different depth shift value;
3, the seepage field monitoring means in the following slip mass of working water level, is drilled with INTEGRATED SIGHT initially with rig Boring, dregs bottom cleaning after drilling to completion, in hole, the most marginally perfusion fills medium coarse sand the end of to Osmometer bottom surface, portion, osmometer bottom arranged orthogonal;Continue perfusion and fill medium coarse sand to middle part osmometer and water Meter bottom surface, position, osmometer and water-level gauge in the middle part of arranged orthogonal;Thereafter, medium coarse sand is filled at the bottom of the osmometer of top Face, arranged orthogonal top osmometer, finally perfusion fills medium coarse sand to apart from aperture 5cm;
During laying water-level gauge and osmometer, the accessory cables of water-level gauge and osmometer is drawn aperture, And in the sealing of aperture joints cement mortar to aperture elevation, by accessory cables by each osmometer and water-level gauge with Type vibration wire readout instrument connect, osmometer and water-level gauge are initialized, by type vibration wire readout instrument show with Level of ground water in the storage following slip mass of different time water level and osmotic pressure, thus construct in landslide Seepage field.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this utility model compared with existing site monitoring system, energy Enough monitorings carrying out on-the-spot many information in landslide, Contents for Monitoring include coming down surface displacement, landslide depth displacement, Landslide Groundwater position and seepage field osmotic pressure, solve in existing Field Monitoring Technique prediction quantity of information not The problem of foot.By many information features over time in landslide, according to existing prediction theory, accurately sentence Disconnected Landslide Stability and evolution trend, and propose landslide control measure in time or specifically dodge mode, thus It is prevented effectively from personnel and economic loss that landslide disaster causes.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the present embodiment comes down the schematic diagram of many Information Field monitoring systems.
Fig. 2 is the present embodiment drillhole inclination survey schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the present embodiment water-level gauge and osmometer layout drawing.
Fig. 4 is that the present embodiment comes down the flow chart of many Information Field monitoring systems.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, many Information Field monitoring system layouts of the present embodiment reservoir landslide are in reservoir 9 side Landslide on, reservoir landslide includes the above slip mass of sliding surface 7, water level 4 and the following slip mass of water level 5, water The surface of the above slip mass 4 in position is surface 6, landslide.The monitoring system of the present embodiment is by the table come down on surface 6 Inclination monitoring unit 2 in portion's displacement monitoring means, the above slip mass of water level 4 and the following slip mass of water level 5 And the seepage field monitoring means 3 in the following slip mass of water level 5 is constituted, these three unit is combined as one group, Arrange along sliding surface 7 interval.
Exterior portion displacement monitoring unit is that the GPS being located at surface 6, landslide monitors pier 1, sets at the top of this monitoring pier There is the structure that can install GPS, such as fixing bolt etc..
As in figure 2 it is shown, inclination monitoring unit 2 is by movable type inclinometer 203, PVC inclinometer pipe 204, deviational survey Instrument readout instrument 201 and inclinometer accessory cables 202 form, and PVC inclinometer pipe 204 is holed by injection deviational survey 205 are embedded in sliding surface less than 7 2m, and pour the thick cement bonded sand of 5cm in the bottom of PVC inclinometer pipe 204 Slurry seals lid 207, and the gap fine sand 206 between PVC inclinometer pipe 204 and deviational survey boring 205 is filled;Institute State movable type inclinometer 203 and hang in pipe placed in the middle from the top of PVC inclinometer pipe 204 pendency, and pass through deviational survey Instrument accessory cables 202 is connected with outside inclinometer readout instrument 201.
As it is shown on figure 3, seepage field monitoring means 3 is by INTEGRATED SIGHT boring 302, three osmometers, water Position meter 307, type vibration wire readout instrument 304 and accessory cables 305 form, and described osmometer and water-level gauge all pass through In INTEGRATED SIGHT boring 302, fill medium coarse sand 306 fix, and seal 301 at aperture joints cement mortar, Osmometer and water-level gauge all use accessory cables 305 through described sealing and outside type vibration wire readout instrument 304 Connect.
As shown in Figure 4, the construction procedure of this utility model embodiment is as follows:
1, the exterior portion displacement monitoring unit on surface 6, construction landslide.Predominantly it is laid in the steel on surface 6, landslide Reinforced concrete GPS monitors pier 1.First carry out the construction of GPS monitoring pier 1, complete in its concrete curing After, dispose GPS at GPS monitoring pier 1 top, thus can accept landslide at fixed interval point The coordinate data on surface 6, and the position of surface 6 different parts that comes down in fixed interval is calculated by vector calculus Shifting amount.This monitoring means is for monitoring the total displacement amount on surface 6, landslide, it is possible to determine the cunning on surface, landslide Dynamic direction.
2, the inclination monitoring unit 2 in the above slip mass of working water level 4 and the following slip mass of water level 5.First Use the deviational survey boring 205 of XY-100 type rig injection Φ 91, dregs bottom cleaning after drilling to completion, Right angle setting PVC inclinometer pipe 204 to sliding surface less than 7 2m, and make inclinometer tube orifice exceed drilling orifice 5~10cm, bottom PVC inclinometer pipe 204, pour cement mortar thick for 5cm seal lid 207;Cement mortar After maintenance terminates, in the gap between deviational survey boring 205 and PVC inclinometer pipes 204, successively perfusion is filled thin Sand 206 to deviational survey is holed 205 aperture elevations;
By movable type inclinometer 203 from top to bottom by PVC inclinometer pipe 204, record inclinometer axis with Inclination angle between vertical line, change of pitch angle is converted to by the signal of telecommunication, thus measures the above slip mass of water level 4 Shift value at different depth in slip mass 5 following with water level.Movable type inclinometer 203 is joined by inclinometer Set cable 202 is connected with inclinometer readout instrument 201, is shown different with storage by inclinometer readout instrument 201 Depth displacement value.
3, the seepage field monitoring means 3 in the following slip mass of working water level 5.Initially with XY-100 type rig Injection Φ 76 INTEGRATED SIGHT boring 302, dregs bottom cleaning after drilling to completion, in hole the most marginally Osmometer 303 bottom surface, medium coarse sand 306 to bottom, osmometer 303 bottom arranged orthogonal are filled in perfusion;Continue to fill Note fills medium coarse sand 306 to middle part osmometer 303 and water-level gauge 307 bottom surface, osmometer in the middle part of arranged orthogonal 303 and water-level gauge 307;Thereafter, osmometer 303 bottom surface, medium coarse sand 306 to top is filled, on arranged orthogonal Portion's osmometer 303, finally perfusion fills medium coarse sand 306 to apart from aperture 5cm.According to aperture during back-up sand Calculate the hole depth after medium coarse sand 306 groundwater increment, and measurement perfusion at any time to check;
During laying water-level gauge and osmometer, the accessory cables 305 of water-level gauge and osmometer is seen from comprehensive The aperture surveying boring 302 is drawn, and at aperture joints cement mortar sealing 301 to aperture elevation.Pass through water The accessory cables 305 of position meter and osmometer is by each osmometer, water-level gauge 307 and type vibration wire readout instrument 304 Connect, osmometer and water-level gauge 307 are initialized.Can be shown and deposit by type vibration wire readout instrument 304 Level of ground water 8 in the storage following slip mass of different time water level 5 and osmotic pressure, thus construct in landslide Seepage field.

Claims (1)

1. many Information Field of reservoir landslide monitoring systems, described reservoir landslide include sliding surface (7), The above slip mass of water level (4) and the following slip mass of water level (5), the surface of the above slip mass of water level (4) is Surface, landslide (6), it is characterised in that: described monitoring system is by the exterior portion displacement monitoring on surface of coming down (6) Inclination monitoring unit (2) in unit, water level above slip mass (4) and the following slip mass of water level (5) and Seepage field monitoring means (3) in the following slip mass of water level (5) is constituted, wherein:
Exterior portion displacement monitoring unit is GPS monitoring pier (1) being located at surface, landslide (6), at this monitoring pier Top is provided with the structure that can install GPS;
Inclination monitoring unit (2) is read by movable type inclinometer (203), PVC inclinometer pipe (204), inclinometer Number instrument (201) and inclinometer accessory cables (202) composition, PVC inclinometer pipe (204) is holed by deviational survey (205) it is embedded in sliding surface (7) following 2m, and pours 5cm in the bottom of PVC inclinometer pipe (204) Thick cement mortar seals lid (207), the seam between PVC inclinometer pipe (204) and deviational survey boring (205) Gap has filling fine sand (206);Described movable type inclinometer (203) is placed in PVC inclinometer pipe (204) And be connected with outside inclinometer readout instrument (201) by inclinometer accessory cables (202);
Seepage field monitoring means (3) by INTEGRATED SIGHT boring (302), osmometer, water-level gauge (307), shake String formula readout instrument (304) and accessory cables (305) composition, described osmometer and water-level gauge (307) pass through In INTEGRATED SIGHT boring (302), fill medium coarse sand (306) fix and seal at aperture joints cement mortar (301), osmometer and water-level gauge (307) shake with outside through described sealing through accessory cables (305) String formula readout instrument (304) connects;
With each GPS monitoring pier (1), inclination monitoring unit (2) and seepage field monitoring means (3) it is Arrange along sliding surface (7) interval for one group.
CN201620457167.5U 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide Active CN205748469U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620457167.5U CN205748469U (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620457167.5U CN205748469U (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205748469U true CN205748469U (en) 2016-11-30

Family

ID=57364113

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620457167.5U Active CN205748469U (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205748469U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105806418A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Reservoir landslide multi-field information field monitoring system and construction method thereof
CN107631752A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-26 中冶沈勘工程技术有限公司 A kind of apparatus and method of middle wire type Tailings Dam monitoring
CN108254504A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-07-06 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 The experimental rig and its test method on simulated sea bottom landslide
CN113418850A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-21 中国地质大学(武汉) Reservoir landslide underwater surface overflow seepage monitoring device and monitoring method
CN116739184A (en) * 2023-08-08 2023-09-12 四川川核地质工程有限公司 Landslide prediction method and system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105806418A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Reservoir landslide multi-field information field monitoring system and construction method thereof
CN107631752A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-26 中冶沈勘工程技术有限公司 A kind of apparatus and method of middle wire type Tailings Dam monitoring
CN108254504A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-07-06 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 The experimental rig and its test method on simulated sea bottom landslide
CN113418850A (en) * 2021-06-11 2021-09-21 中国地质大学(武汉) Reservoir landslide underwater surface overflow seepage monitoring device and monitoring method
CN116739184A (en) * 2023-08-08 2023-09-12 四川川核地质工程有限公司 Landslide prediction method and system
CN116739184B (en) * 2023-08-08 2023-11-07 四川川核地质工程有限公司 Landslide prediction method and system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105806418A (en) Reservoir landslide multi-field information field monitoring system and construction method thereof
CN205748469U (en) Many Information Field monitoring systems of a kind of reservoir landslide
CN203846485U (en) Long pile percussion drill hole forming construction device
CN104296721B (en) Utilize the method that the deep soil settlement survey system based on satellite fix Yu hydrostatic leveling carries out deep soil settlement survey
CN106400782B (en) A kind of construction method for going along with sb. to guard him hole-drilling interlocking pile using rotary drilling rig construction foundation pit
CN103088814A (en) Rotary drilling rig coordinated with percussion drill hole-forming construction method
CN103243747B (en) Deviation rectifying method of prestressed concrete pipe pile foundation
CN105275381A (en) Drilling construction method for water-rich cobble stratum by utilizing impact drill
CN110185844A (en) Shallow earthing pipe-jacking with large diameter construction method
CN104947649A (en) Control method for open caisson back soil deformation caused by pipe-jacking construction
CN102269578A (en) Device for measuring vertical deformation of spatial structure
CN105019485B (en) A kind of excavation of foundation pit dead load test on pile foundation detection method
CN101906787B (en) Construction and processing method of great deep vertical inclinometer pipe in stratum containing gravels
CN103644892A (en) Measuring device and method for layered settlement of soil body of deep foundation pit
CN103410522A (en) Continuous close-range underpass railway bridge construction method employing shallow tunneling method
CN110106868A (en) A kind of Karst Geological Landscape large diameter pile foundation pore-forming technique method
CN103471648A (en) Disturbance construction monitoring method of top pipe tunnel
CN113265998A (en) Combined foundation monitoring method for dynamic compaction reinforcement
CN106643649B (en) Device and method for measuring deep settlement and pore water pressure of soil body
CN107100213A (en) Soil disturbance monitoring system and monitoring method of the bridge construction of pile groups to adjacent piles
CN104121895A (en) Soft soil area plane height measurement control point and embedding method thereof
CN102797268A (en) Installation method for testing tube used for testing internal force of pre-stress tubular pile with slide micrometer
CN209384285U (en) One kind closing on the existing bridge bearing platform protection construction of open-cut foundation ditch
CN116677453A (en) Round TBM tunnel surrounding rock stability monitoring method and system
CN203274729U (en) Soft soil area horizontal elevation measuring control point

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant