CN205681995U - A kind of seedling cultivation of rice system - Google Patents

A kind of seedling cultivation of rice system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205681995U
CN205681995U CN201620425877.XU CN201620425877U CN205681995U CN 205681995 U CN205681995 U CN 205681995U CN 201620425877 U CN201620425877 U CN 201620425877U CN 205681995 U CN205681995 U CN 205681995U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
seedling
shed
cultivating board
rice
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620425877.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李波
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Meitan County Imperial Rice Planting Cooperatives Mao Dam
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Meitan County Imperial Rice Planting Cooperatives Mao Dam
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Priority to CN201620425877.XU priority Critical patent/CN205681995U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205681995U publication Critical patent/CN205681995U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of seedling cultivation of rice system, including shed, seedling bed, cultivation soil layer and frame, frame is located at seedling bed both sides, and seedling bed includes a base plate, supporting framework, heat-insulation layer, heating plate and seedlings cultivating board;Supporting framework is placed on a base plate;Bed base plate is provided with agricultural film layer;Agricultural film layer is provided with heat-insulation layer;Heating plate is placed on supporting framework;Seedlings cultivating board is placed on hot plate;Separated by thin film between seedlings cultivating board and heating plate;On seedlings cultivating board, lay cultivates soil layer;Shed one sidewall is provided with boiler;Boiler connects steam port by jet chimney;Shed medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, and lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device;Temperature Humidity Sensor is connected with humiture display device.The temperature humidity of seedling cultivation of rice system of the present utility model controls easy, saving soil, beneficially rice shoot absorption nutrition.

Description

A kind of seedling cultivation of rice system
Technical field
This utility model relates to seedling cultivation of rice equipment, concretely relates to a kind of seedling cultivation of rice system.
Background technology
Grain for we in life more and more important, seedling cultivation of rice is the vital tissue part of Rice Cropping, tradition Seedling cultivation of rice mode be dipped to seed to start germinate after, be sprinkled into nursery field, by fertilising, field management carrys out nursery, Owing to early stage is sprouted in the external world growth, extraneous adverse circumstances are the most fragile to the rice seedlings after seed germination, it is easy to dead, lead Cause rice shoot can not grow vigorously, the long potential difference of rice shoot, affect the growing way in later stage.
Rural area big farming household now, for realizing mechanized planting, general employing seedling-cultivation plate nursery, its method is, first often Soak seed under temperature, then seed is sowed in the seedling-cultivation plate having bed soil, and cover straw screen or mat insulation and spray water with artificial Grading mode, to the suitable temperature and humidity of seedling-cultivation plate, allows seed germinating growth in seedling-cultivation plate.This method for culturing seedlings, exists Defect: one is the more difficult control of environment, and the time of required germination nursery is longer;Two be with manual type provide needed for nursery warm and humid Degree, its humiture fluctuating margin is relatively big, if meeting vile weather, seed easily occurs qualitative change, it is possible to cause nursery failure.
Because the personnel that are accomplished by during seedling cultivation of rice often detect growing way and the humiture situation of Oryza sativa L., and grow children in Oryza sativa L. Shining of certain sunlight must be had after Seedling to shine, otherwise rice seedling will be sick, which adds labour cost, causes the later stage Yield declines.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of temperature humidity and controls easy, saving soil, beneficially seedling Seedling absorbs the seedling cultivation of rice system of nutrition.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of seedling cultivation of rice system, including arch Canopy, seedling bed, cultivation soil layer and frame, described frame is located at described seedling bed both sides, and described seedling bed includes a base plate, support Framework, heat-insulation layer, heating plate and seedlings cultivating board;Support frame as described above is set up on described bed base plate;Described bed base plate is provided with agricultural film Layer;Described agricultural film layer is provided with described heat-insulation layer;Described heating plate is placed on support frame as described above structure;Described seedlings cultivating board is placed on In described heating plate;Separated by thin film between described seedlings cultivating board and described heating plate;Soil is cultivated described in lay on described seedlings cultivating board Layer;Described shed one sidewall is provided with boiler;Described boiler connects steam port by jet chimney;Described shed medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device;Described Temperature Humidity Sensor and described humiture display dress Put connection.
Preferably, multiple support blend stops that support frame as described above structure includes support column, is fixed on described support column, Yi Jipu Hole film on described support blend stop.
Preferably, described seedlings cultivating board is made up of 3-tier architecture;By upper strata to lower floor be followed successively by the first protective layer, nutritive layer and Second protective layer.
As preferably, the material of described first protective layer material and described second protective layer is not wood pulp paper;Described battalion Support the nutrient matrix that layer is mixed by organic and inorganic fertilizer.
Preferably, described cultivation soil layer side bottom is provided with venthole;Described shed top is provided with air inlet fan.
Preferably, described shed is provided with LED.
Preferably, described heat-insulation layer is formed according to any proportion mixing compacting by Caulis et Folium Oryzae and rice husk.
Preferably, described jet chimney is rustless steel bendable pipeline.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, owing to being provided with boiler at described shed one sidewall;Described boiler is by steaming Steam pipe road connects steam port;Described shed medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor, and lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device; Described Temperature Humidity Sensor is connected with described humiture display device;When the temperature in humiture display device, humidity are less than wanting When asking, heating boiler, produce steam by boiler heating, steam enters in shed by jet chimney, the temperature in regulation shed Degree and humidity, after reaching nursery predetermined temperature, stop supply steam, when temperature is on the low side, continues supply steam, back and forth enters with this OK;Thus balance humiture, make shed humiture reach the optimum condition of rice seedling growth;2, owing to being provided with on bed base plate Heat-insulation layer and heating plate, seedlings cultivating board and cultivation soil layer, seedlings cultivating board and cultivation soil layer can absorb the heat that heating plate gives out, thus Keep the temperature needed for nursery, bottom heating plate, be provided with heat-insulation layer, reduce heat invalid lost, keep temperature constant, can be more Long-time giving cultivates soil layer heat supply;3, owing to being provided with seedlings cultivating board bottom cultivation soil layer, have only to a small amount of soil during nursery and cover Soil, saving manpower and resource, recruitment time short work efficiency height.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of Fig. 1 this utility model seedling cultivation of rice system;
The structural representation of the seedlings cultivating board of Fig. 2 this utility model seedling cultivation of rice system.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described further.At this it should be noted that The explanation of these embodiments is adapted to assist in and understands this utility model, but be not intended that restriction of the present utility model.This Outward, as long as technical characteristic involved in each embodiment of this utility model disclosed below does not constitutes conflict each other Just can be mutually combined.
As it is shown in figure 1, this utility model one seedling cultivation of rice system, including shed 1, seedling bed 2, cultivate soil layer 3 and limit Frame 4, described frame 4 is located at described seedling bed 2 both sides, and described seedling bed 2 includes a base plate 21, supporting framework, heat-insulation layer 23, adds Hot plate 24 and seedlings cultivating board 25;Support frame as described above is set up on described bed base plate 21;Described bed base plate 21 is provided with agricultural film layer 5;Institute State agricultural film layer 5 and be provided with described heat-insulation layer 23;Described heating plate 24 is placed on support frame as described above structure, specifically, and described support Multiple support blend stops (being not drawn in figure) that framework includes support column 22, is fixed on described support column 22, and it is layered on described Support hole film 221 on blend stop, be so easy to lay heating plate 24, when use, directly heating plate 24 is placed on described On described support blend stop, hole film is all right;This heat-insulation layer 23 is made up of the material that heat conductivity is less, specifically, by Caulis et Folium Oryzae and Rice husk forms according to any proportion mixing compacting;Described seedlings cultivating board 25 is placed in described heating plate 24;Described seedlings cultivating board 25 with Separated by thin film between described heating plate 24;Soil layer 3 is cultivated described in lay on described seedlings cultivating board 25;Described shed 1 one sidewall sets There is boiler 6;Described boiler 6 connects steam port 8 by rustless steel bendable jet chimney 7, and jet chimney is provided with steam valve 71;Described shed 1 medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor 9, and lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device 10;Described humiture Sensor 9 is connected with described humiture display device 10.
This utility model is owing to being provided with boiler 6 at described shed 1 one sidewall;Described boiler 6 is by jet chimney 7 even Connect steam port 8;Described shed 1 medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor 9, and lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device 10;Institute State Temperature Humidity Sensor 9 to be connected with described humiture display device 10;When the temperature in humiture display device 10, humidity are less than During requirement, heating boiler 6, produce steam by boiler 6 heating, open steam valve 71, steam enters arch by jet chimney 7 In canopy 1, the temperature and humidity in regulation shed 1, after reaching nursery predetermined temperature, stop supply steam, when temperature is on the low side, continue Continuous supply steam, is back and forth carried out with this;Thus balance humiture, make shed 1 humiture reach the optimal bar of rice seedling growth Part;Owing to being provided with heat-insulation layer 23 and heating plate 24 on bed base plate 21, seedlings cultivating board 25 and cultivation soil layer 3, seedlings cultivating board 25 and cultivation Soil layer 3 can absorb the heat that heating plate 24 gives out, thus the temperature needed for keeping nursery, bottom heating plate 24, it is provided with insulation Layer 23, reduces heat invalid lost, keeps the temperature constant time long, can give for more time and cultivate soil layer 3 heat supply;Meanwhile, in training Educating and be provided with seedlings cultivating board 25 bottom soil layer 3, this seedlings cultivating board 25 is made up of 3-tier architecture as shown in Figure 2;It is followed successively by lower floor by upper strata First protective layer 251, nutritive layer 252 and the second protective layer 253;Described first protective layer 251 and described second protective layer The material of 253 is wood pulp paper;Nutrient matrix (the turfy soil: become thoroughly decomposed that described nutritive layer 252 is mixed by organic and inorganic fertilizer Straw: fertilizer mixing ratio is 30:30:4, is not limited to this, can prepare according to practical situation), have only to when nursery A small amount of soil does overburden soil, saves manpower and resource, recruitment time short work efficiency height, uses this seedlings cultivating board 25 to reduce about 30% With soil amount, meanwhile, seedling raising process greatly reduces workload.
For the ease of to supplementing air and the gas discharged in shed 1 in shed 1, setting at described cultivation soil layer 3 side bottom There is venthole 11;Described shed 1 top is provided with air inlet fan 12;Air inlet fan 12 is filled with air toward indoor, useless in discharging shed 1 simultaneously Gas, can discharge by the venthole 11 bottom shed 1, can regulate the temperature in shed 1 simultaneously, is so conducive to rice shoot raw Long.
For the ease of in the case of illumination deficiency, rice seedling is carried out light filling, promote the photosynthesis of rice seedling Meanwhile, described shed 1 is provided with LED 13, by opening LED, rice seedling is carried out light filling.
Above in association with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is explained in detail, but this utility model is not limited to be retouched The embodiment stated.For a person skilled in the art, in the case of without departing from this utility model principle and spirit, right These embodiments carry out multiple change, revise, replace and modification, still fall within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a seedling cultivation of rice system, including shed (1), seedling bed (2), cultivates soil layer (3) and frame (4), described frame (4) It is located at described seedling bed (2) both sides, it is characterised in that: described seedling bed (2) includes a base plate (21), supporting framework, heat-insulation layer (23), heating plate (24) and seedlings cultivating board (25);Support frame as described above is set up on described bed base plate (21);On described bed base plate (21) It is provided with agricultural film layer (5);Described agricultural film layer (5) is provided with described heat-insulation layer (23);Described heating plate (24) is placed on described support On framework;Described seedlings cultivating board (25) is placed in described heating plate (24);Described seedlings cultivating board (25) and described heating plate (24) it Between separated by thin film;Soil layer (3) is cultivated described in the upper lay of described seedlings cultivating board (25);Described shed (1) sidewall is provided with boiler (6);Described boiler (6) connects steam port (8) by jet chimney (7);Described shed (1) medial wall is provided with Temperature Humidity Sensor (9), lateral wall is correspondingly provided with humiture display device (10);Described Temperature Humidity Sensor (9) and described humiture display device (10) connect.
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: support frame as described above structure includes support column (22), consolidates The multiple support blend stops being scheduled on described support column (22), and it is layered on hole film (221) on described support blend stop.
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that: described seedlings cultivating board (25) is by 3-tier architecture group Become;It is followed successively by the first protective layer (251), nutritive layer (252) and the second protective layer (253) by upper strata to lower floor.
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described first protective layer (251) and described second The material of protective layer (253) is wood pulp paper;The nutrient matrix that described nutritive layer (252) is mixed by organic and inorganic fertilizer.
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cultivation soil layer (3) side bottom is provided with gives vent to anger Hole (11);Described shed (1) top is provided with air inlet fan (12).
6. according to seedling cultivation of rice system described in claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that: described shed (1) is provided with LED (13).
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described heat-insulation layer (23) by Caulis et Folium Oryzae and rice husk according to Any proportion mixing compacting forms.
Seedling cultivation of rice system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described jet chimney (7) is rustless steel bendable Pipeline.
CN201620425877.XU 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 A kind of seedling cultivation of rice system Expired - Fee Related CN205681995U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620425877.XU CN205681995U (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 A kind of seedling cultivation of rice system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108093980A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-01 广西澜光科技有限公司 A kind of rice industrial sprout cultivation darkroom constant temperature germinating cabinet
CN113557872A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-10-29 河南省林业科学研究院 Seedling growing device for red-leaf poplar varieties
CN114931075A (en) * 2022-06-11 2022-08-23 黑龙江米艺通农业发展有限公司 Rice pond seedling raising method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108093980A (en) * 2017-12-20 2018-06-01 广西澜光科技有限公司 A kind of rice industrial sprout cultivation darkroom constant temperature germinating cabinet
CN113557872A (en) * 2021-07-21 2021-10-29 河南省林业科学研究院 Seedling growing device for red-leaf poplar varieties
CN114931075A (en) * 2022-06-11 2022-08-23 黑龙江米艺通农业发展有限公司 Rice pond seedling raising method

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161116

Termination date: 20200511

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee