CN205664426U - Modular straw combustion energy saving stove - Google Patents

Modular straw combustion energy saving stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205664426U
CN205664426U CN201620022324.XU CN201620022324U CN205664426U CN 205664426 U CN205664426 U CN 205664426U CN 201620022324 U CN201620022324 U CN 201620022324U CN 205664426 U CN205664426 U CN 205664426U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
riser
cover plate
vertical plate
energy saving
heat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620022324.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王慧杰
杨淑巧
南洋
刘跃鹏
姚平广
樊保国
南建福
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Cotton Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Cotton Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201620022324.XU priority Critical patent/CN205664426U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205664426U publication Critical patent/CN205664426U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a modular straw combustion energy saving stove. It contains furnace body and ash handling equipment, the upper cover plate of furnace body is formed by upper left apron, well upper cover plate and the concatenation of right upper cover board, the two sides is formed by connecting riser, left front riser and left back riser, well back riser, right back riser before right front riser is in, respectively around the lower part of the upper cover plate of furnace body, right side vertical plate is located the right downside of right upper cover board, and is inside fluted for place ignition and ti wen smoke abatement device, the heat exchanger has been placed before in the furnace chamber of riser and well back riser intermediate formation, the ash handling equipment is located the underground of adding under the firewood mouth. Compared with the prior art, modular straw combustion energy saving stove simple structure, the cost of manufacture is low, convenient to use, this stove use crop straw to improve the utilization efficiency of the energy as fuel, the heat of production can not only can heat but also can cook through a three furnace chamber stove is multi -purpose.

Description

A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove
Technical field
This utility model belongs to Domestic stove technical field, it particularly relates to a kind of combined straw combustion energy saving Stove.
Background technology
China is as large agricultural country, and every annual meeting produces substantial amounts of agricultural crop straw, and straw can be carried out in situ by usual peasant Burning disposal, but this traditional processing method can produce a large amount of dense smoke at short notice, pollutes environment, wastes resource.Pass through The progress of science and technology and innovation, the comprehensive development and utilization for straw have found number of ways, and stalk combustion furance is exactly One of main application.The existing stalk furnace of China takes monoblock type body of heater, a furnace chamber, function singleness mostly at present.Such as, Chinese patent (CN 201866797U) discloses a kind of straw energy saving furnace, and its composition includes: band combuster and water interlayer Body of heater, is characterized in that: described body of heater one upper lateral part connects smoke pipe, and described smoke pipe is built with airduct, described lower portion of furnace body Side junction point firearm, the bottom of described body of heater connects ash-accepting chamber, and the bottom of described body of heater is equipped with air compartment, described cloth wind Room connects airduct, and described body of heater opposite side has the upper hose entrance communicated with described water interlayer, the end of described body of heater Portion has the return pipe outlet of described water interlayer, and described furnace interior is equipped with air distribution plate.Before this stove uses, straw needs Will be fabricated to stalk fuel through a series of process such as pulverizing, briquettings, process is more complicated;Igniting also it is usually present during use Difficulty, burns insufficient, and heating is discontinuous, the shortcomings such as flue dust is many.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model provides a kind of simple in construction, combination type straw easy to use Stalk combustion energy saving stove.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove described in the utility model, described combined straw combustion energy saving stove comprises Body of heater and ash handling equipment 13;The upper cover plate of described body of heater is spliced by upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3 and upper right cover plate 4;Institute State upper left cover plate 2 and be provided with a foursquare venthole in the upper left corner, be provided with a pot mouth at middle part;Described upper right cover plate 4 exists Middle part is provided with a pot mouth, has a firewood adding hole on right side, is used for adding agricultural crop straw;Described flue outlet 1 is positioned at Directly over cigarette hole, size is consistent with venthole, and before it, one opening is also left in middle, is used for inserting smoke barrier, Ke Yitong Cross push-and-pull smoke barrier to regulate smoke and the intensity of a fire;Right side riser 5 is positioned at the lower right side of upper right cover plate 4, internal fluted, is used for putting Put igniter and temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;Before and after the bottom of the upper cover plate of described body of heater two sides respectively by right front vertical plate 6, in before vertical Plate 7, left front riser 8 and left back riser 10, middle back vertical plate 11, right back vertical plate 12 are formed by connecting;Described left front riser 8 and left back An inner flue 9 is had in the furnace chamber formed between riser 10;In the furnace chamber of described middle front vertical plate 7 and middle back vertical plate 11 intermediate formation It is placed with heat exchanger;Also a furnace chamber, and and the first two is formed between described right front vertical plate 6, right back vertical plate 12 and right side riser 5 Furnace chamber is mutually communicated, and constitutes the entirety of a connection;Described ash handling equipment 13 is positioned at the underground on the right side of body of heater immediately below firewood adding hole. Upper right cover plate has a firewood adding hole on right side, and changing traditional leeward confession oxygen is uptake oxygen supply, makes connecing of oxygen and flare Contacting surface increases, and is conducive to keeping chimney top layer and the draught head of burner hearth, makes air smooth, and uptake oxygen supply does not exist ashes With the problem of fuel barrier oxygen supply, making full combustion of fuel, beneficially convulsion amount and the control of intake, change filling out of fuel Fill method, filled fuel by laterally changing top into, make charging more convenient laborsaving.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove described in the utility model, is provided with a spiral in described ash handling equipment 13 Soot blower and a bucket, its exit is installed with lid;Described spiral soot blower is provided with screw rod in inside, and its upper and lower both sides are divided It is not provided with ash-inlet hole and ash output opening, on the left of it, is provided with the handle being connected with screw rod.Ash handling equipment mainly swinging handle passes through The ashes that produce in stove are rotated to its lower bucket by spiral, when the ashes in bucket are expired, open the lid on ash handling equipment top, Just can take out bucket to be outwelled by ashes.Ash handling equipment or a kind of airtight ash disposal mode, can prevent following air from entering and making Become unsafe factor.The horizontal cross-section of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is trapezoidal, on the left of it, rear side and right side have a cigarette connected , there is an aperture got through in road in the middle part of rear side flue;The height of the front apron of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue.Straw A part of smog that burning produces can be back in furnace chamber along flue by aperture, can effectively eliminate flue dust, increases Heat in furnace chamber.Described igniter is Electric spark ignitor;Described Electric spark ignitor is wrapped in support by ignition coil is screw type On, more external plug composition.Use electric ignition technology to light fuel and shorten burning time;Make to ignite the selection of material Expanded range;Make burner hearth heat quickening, eliminate initial amount of smoke.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove described in the utility model, is provided with a spiral in described ash handling equipment 13 Soot blower and a bucket, its exit is installed with lid;Described spiral soot blower is provided with screw rod in inside, and its upper and lower both sides are divided It is not provided with ash-inlet hole and ash output opening, on the left of it, is provided with the handle being connected with screw rod.Ash handling equipment mainly swinging handle passes through The ashes that produce in stove are rotated to its lower bucket by spiral, when the ashes in bucket are expired, open the lid on ash handling equipment top, Just can take out bucket to be outwelled by ashes.Ash handling equipment or a kind of airtight ash disposal mode, can prevent following air from entering and making Become unsafe factor.Described flue outlet 1, upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3, upper right cover plate 4, right side riser 5, right front vertical plate 6, Middle front vertical plate 7, left front riser 8, inner flue 9, left back riser 10, middle back vertical plate 11 and right back vertical plate 12 are all by cement foamed skill Art is made.By 12 pieces of body of heater modules of cement foamed fabrication techniques, light weight, weight is about ordinary cement mould The 1/3 of block so that it is be easily assembled to, be readily transported, standardized production, standardized operation.Use the stove that module assembled technology is made Body, forms multiple furnace chamber, and with agricultural crop straw as fuel, the heat of generation can be used to warm oneself, cooks, heats up water, and solves existing There are the stalk furnace of monoblock type body of heater, a furnace chamber, the problem of function singleness.Described heat exchanger cast iron central heating radiator, it is with water for being situated between Matter carries out heat conduction.Heat conducts with water for medium, save power, heat-transfer rate soon, random group of I the most reliable, big Dress.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove described in the utility model, described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus uses high temperature resistant carrying Corrosion resistant plate, peripheral heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board and the rearmounted ventilating duct composition that temperature is fast.The feelings that corrosion resistant plate burns at material Under condition, quick temperature raising, is with asbestos board heat insulation, prevents heat energy from distributing to body of heater, make the heat energy back outwards distributed outside corrosion resistant plate Melt down thorax, improve the temperature of body of heater.The raising of fire box temperature promotes again cracking and the burning of fuel gas in flue gas, improves heat Efficiency, makes oxious component in flue gas reduce, reduces air pollution amount.
Compared with prior art, combined straw combustion energy saving furnace structure described in the utility model is simple, cost of manufacture Low, easy to use, this stove improves the utilization ratio of the energy with agricultural crop straw for fuel, and the heat of generation can be by three Furnace chamber multi-use not only can heat but also can cook.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: combined straw combustion energy saving stove front view;Fig. 2: combined straw combustion energy saving stove top view;Fig. 3: spiral shell Rotation soot blower structure chart;Fig. 4: Electric spark ignitor structure chart;Fig. 5: temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;In 1-flue outlet, 2-upper left cover plate, 3- Front vertical plate in riser, the right front vertical plate of 6-, 7-on the right side of upper cover plate, 4-upper right cover plate, 5-, the left front riser of 8-, 9-inner flue, 10-are left Back vertical plate, the right back vertical plate of 12-, 13-ash handling equipment in back vertical plate, 11-.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, combined straw combustion energy saving stove described in the utility model is done furtherly Bright, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove, described combined straw combustion energy saving stove comprises body of heater and ash handling equipment 13;The upper cover plate of described body of heater is spliced by upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3 and upper right cover plate 4;Described upper left cover plate 2 is on a left side Upper angle is provided with a foursquare venthole, is provided with a pot mouth at middle part;Described upper right cover plate 4 is provided with a pot at middle part Mouthful, have a firewood adding hole on right side, be used for adding agricultural crop straw;Flue outlet 1 is positioned at directly over venthole, size with go out Cigarette hole is consistent, and before it, one opening is also left in middle, is used for inserting smoke barrier, can be regulated by push-and-pull smoke barrier Smoke and the intensity of a fire;Right side riser 5 is positioned at the lower right side of upper right cover plate 4, internal fluted, is used for placing igniter and temperature raising disappears Cigarette device;Before and after the bottom of the upper cover plate of described body of heater, two sides is respectively by right front vertical plate 6, middle front vertical plate 7, left front riser 8 and a left side Back vertical plate 10, middle back vertical plate 11, right back vertical plate 12 are formed by connecting;The stove formed between described left front riser 8 and left back riser 10 Intracavity has an inner flue 9;It is placed with heat exchanger in the furnace chamber of described middle front vertical plate 7 and middle back vertical plate 11 intermediate formation;Described Also form a furnace chamber between right front vertical plate 6, right back vertical plate 12 and right side riser 5, and be mutually communicated with the first two furnace chamber, constitute The entirety of one connection;Described ash handling equipment 13 is positioned at the underground on the right side of body of heater immediately below firewood adding hole.Upper right cover plate is at right side opening Having a firewood adding hole, changing traditional leeward confession oxygen is uptake oxygen supply, makes oxygen increase with the contact surface of flare, is conducive to protecting Hold the draught head of chimney top layer and burner hearth, make air smooth, and uptake oxygen supply does not exist ashes and fuel barrier oxygen supply Problem, makes full combustion of fuel, and beneficially convulsion amount and the control of intake, change the fill method of fuel, by laterally changing Fill fuel for top, make charging more convenient laborsaving.
Being provided with a spiral soot blower and a bucket in described ash handling equipment 13, its exit is installed with lid;Described spiral shell Rotation soot blower is provided with screw rod in inside, and it is respectively provided on two sides with ash-inlet hole and ash output opening up and down, is provided with and screw rod on the left of it The handle being connected.Ash handling equipment is mainly swinging handle by spiral by the ashes rotation that produces in stove to the bucket under it, when When ashes in Tong are full, open the lid on ash handling equipment top, it is possible to take out bucket and outwelled by ashes.Ash handling equipment or one Airtight ash disposal mode, can prevent following air from entering and causing unsafe factor.
The horizontal cross-section of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is trapezoidal, on the left of it, rear side and right side have a flue connected, its An aperture got through is had in the middle part of rear side flue;The height of the front apron of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue.Straw burning The a part of smog produced can be back in furnace chamber along flue by aperture, can effectively eliminate flue dust, increases furnace chamber Interior heat.
Described flue outlet 1, upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3, upper right cover plate 4, right side riser 5, right front vertical plate 6, in before Riser 7, left front riser 8, inner flue 9, left back riser 10, middle back vertical plate 11 and right back vertical plate 12 are all by cement foamed technology system Form.By 12 pieces of body of heater modules of cement foamed fabrication techniques, light weight, weight is about the 1/ of ordinary cement module 3 so that it is be easily assembled to, be readily transported, standardized production, standardized operation.Use the body of heater that module assembled technology is made, formed Multiple furnace chambers, with agricultural crop straw as fuel, the heat of generation can be used to warm oneself, cooks, heats up water, and solves existing monoblock type The stalk furnace of body of heater, a furnace chamber, the problem of function singleness.
Described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus uses the fast corrosion resistant plate of high temperature resistant temperature raising, peripheral heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board and rearmounted Ventilating duct composition.Corrosion resistant plate is quickly temperature raising in the case of material burns, and is with asbestos board heat insulation, prevents outside corrosion resistant plate Heat energy distributes to body of heater, makes the heat energy back outwards distributed melt down thorax, improves the temperature of body of heater.The raising of fire box temperature promotes again In flue gas, the cracking of fuel gas and burning, improve the thermal efficiency, makes oxious component in flue gas reduce, subtracts air pollution amount Few.
Described igniter is Electric spark ignitor;Described Electric spark ignitor is wrapped on support by ignition coil is screw type, then An external plug is constituted.Use electric ignition technology to light fuel and shorten burning time;Make to ignite the range of choice of material Expand;Make burner hearth heat quickening, eliminate initial amount of smoke.
Described heat exchanger cast iron central heating radiator, it carries out heat conduction with water for medium.Heat conducts with water for medium, saves Power, heat-transfer rate are soon, I the most reliable, big arbitrarily assembles.
Compared with prior art, combined straw combustion energy saving furnace structure described in the utility model is simple, cost of manufacture Low, easy to use, this stove improves the utilization ratio of the energy with agricultural crop straw for fuel, and the heat of generation can be by three Furnace chamber multi-use not only can heat but also can cook.

Claims (3)

1. a combined straw combustion energy saving stove, it is characterised in that described combined straw combustion energy saving stove comprise body of heater and Ash handling equipment (13);The upper cover plate of described body of heater is spliced by upper left cover plate (2), middle upper cover plate (3) and upper right cover plate (4); Described upper left cover plate (2) is provided with a foursquare venthole in the upper left corner, is provided with a pot mouth at middle part;Described upper right cover plate (4) it is provided with a pot mouth at middle part, has a firewood adding hole on right side, be used for adding agricultural crop straw;Flue outlet (1) is positioned at Directly over venthole, size is consistent with venthole, and before it, one opening is also left in middle, is used for inserting smoke barrier, permissible Smoke and the intensity of a fire is regulated by push-and-pull smoke barrier;Right side riser (5) is positioned at the lower right side of upper right cover plate (4), internal fluted, For placing igniter and temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;Before and after the bottom of furnace upper cover plate two sides respectively by right front vertical plate (6), in before Riser (7), left front riser (8) and left back riser (10), middle back vertical plate (11), right back vertical plate (12) are formed by connecting;Described left front An inner flue (9) is had in the furnace chamber formed between riser (8) and left back riser (10);Described middle front vertical plate (7) and in after vertical It is placed with heat exchanger in the furnace chamber of plate (11) intermediate formation;Described right front vertical plate (6), right back vertical plate (12) and right side riser (5) Between also form a furnace chamber, and be mutually communicated with the first two furnace chamber, constitute the entirety of a connection;Described ash handling equipment (13) It is positioned at the underground immediately below firewood adding hole on the right side of body of heater;
Being provided with a spiral soot blower and a bucket in described ash handling equipment (13), its exit is installed with lid;Described spiral Soot blower is provided with screw rod in inside, and it is respectively provided on two sides with ash-inlet hole and ash output opening up and down, is provided with and screw rod phase on the left of it Handle even;The horizontal cross-section of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is trapezoidal, on the left of it, rear side and right side have a flue connected, An aperture got through is had in the middle part of rear side flue;The height of the front apron of described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue;Use electricity Firing technique is lighted fuel and is shortened burning time;The range of choice of material of making to ignite expands;Make burner hearth heat quickening, eliminate Initial amount of smoke.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove the most according to claim 1, described flue outlet (1), upper left cover plate (2), middle upper cover plate (3), upper right cover plate (4), right side riser (5), right front vertical plate (6), middle front vertical plate (7), left front riser (8), Inner flue (9), left back riser (10), middle back vertical plate (11) and right back vertical plate (12) are all formed by cement foamed fabrication techniques; Described heat exchanger cast iron central heating radiator, it carries out heat conduction with water for medium.
A kind of combined straw combustion energy saving stove the most according to claim 1, described temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus uses rustless steel Plate, peripheral heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board and rearmounted ventilating duct composition.
CN201620022324.XU 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Modular straw combustion energy saving stove Expired - Fee Related CN205664426U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620022324.XU CN205664426U (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Modular straw combustion energy saving stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620022324.XU CN205664426U (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Modular straw combustion energy saving stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205664426U true CN205664426U (en) 2016-10-26

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620022324.XU Expired - Fee Related CN205664426U (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 Modular straw combustion energy saving stove

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN205664426U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161026

Termination date: 20180111

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee