CN105546586B - A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace - Google Patents

A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN105546586B
CN105546586B CN201610015735.0A CN201610015735A CN105546586B CN 105546586 B CN105546586 B CN 105546586B CN 201610015735 A CN201610015735 A CN 201610015735A CN 105546586 B CN105546586 B CN 105546586B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cover plate
vertical plate
riser
cooked
split type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610015735.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105546586A (en
Inventor
刘跃鹏
王慧杰
杨斌
邢玉伟
刘晶
南洋
胡建芳
王自凯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
COTTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHANXI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Original Assignee
COTTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHANXI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by COTTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHANXI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES filed Critical COTTON RESEARCH INSTITUTE SHANXI ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority to CN201610015735.0A priority Critical patent/CN105546586B/en
Publication of CN105546586A publication Critical patent/CN105546586A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105546586B publication Critical patent/CN105546586B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/183Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with additional provisions for heating water
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories

Abstract

Cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace the present invention relates to a kind of split type.It includes body of heater and ash handling equipment;The upper cover plate of the body of heater is formed by upper left cover plate, middle upper cover plate and upper right cover plate splice;Two sides is formed by connecting by right front vertical plate, middle front vertical plate, left front riser and left back riser, middle back vertical plate, right back vertical plate respectively before and after the bottom of the upper cover plate of the body of heater;Right side riser is located at the lower right side of upper right cover plate, internal fluted, for placing igniter and temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;Heat exchanger is placed with the furnace chamber formed among the middle front vertical plate and middle back vertical plate;The ash handling equipment is located at the underground immediately below firewood adding hole.Compared with prior art, split type of the present invention is cooked a meal, and warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace is simple in construction, and low manufacture cost is easy to use, the stove improves the utilization ratio of the energy using agricultural crop straw as fuel, and caused heat not only can have been heated but also can cooked by three furnace chamber multi-uses.

Description

A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace
Technical field
The invention belongs to Domestic stove technical field, it particularly relates to be cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning to a kind of split type Saving furnace.
Background technology
China produces substantial amounts of agricultural crop straw per annual meeting, stalk can be carried out in situ by usual peasant as large agricultural country Burning disposal, but this traditional processing method can produce a large amount of dense smokes in a short time, pollute environment, waste of resource.Pass through The progress and innovation of science and technology, number of ways is have found for the comprehensive development and utilization of stalk, stalk combustion furance is exactly wherein most One of main application.The existing stalk furnace in China takes monoblock type body of heater mostly at present, a furnace chamber, and function is single.For example, Chinese patent (CN 201866797U) discloses a kind of straw energy saving furnace, and its composition includes:With combuster and water interlayer Body of heater, it is characterized in that:The described upper lateral part of body of heater one connection smoke pipe, described smoke pipe is built with airduct, described lower portion of furnace body Side connects igniter, and the bottom of described body of heater connects ash-accepting chamber, and the bottom of described body of heater is equipped with air compartment, described cloth wind Room connects airduct, and described body of heater opposite side has the upper hose entrance communicated with described water interlayer, the bottom of described body of heater The return pipe that portion has described water interlayer exports, and described furnace interior is equipped with air distribution plate.This stove is needed using preceding stalk To pass through a series of processing such as crushing, briquetting and be fabricated to stalk fuel, process is more complicated;Igniting is also usually present during use The shortcomings of difficulty, burning is insufficient, and heating is discontinuous, and flue dust is more.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of simple in construction, split type easy to use cooks a meal warm two With straw burning saving furnace.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, the double-purpose energy-saving stove include body of heater and Ash handling equipment 13;The upper cover plate of the body of heater is spliced by upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3 and upper right cover plate 4;The upper left Cover plate 2 is provided with the venthole of a polygon in the upper left corner, and a pot mouth is provided with middle part;The upper right cover plate 4 is set at middle part There is a pot mouth, a firewood adding hole is provided with right side, for adding agricultural crop straw;Flue outlet 1 is located at directly over venthole, Size is consistent with venthole, and one of opening is also left in middle before it, for inserting smoke barrier, can pass through push-and-pull smoke barrier To adjust smoke and the intensity of a fire;Right side riser 5 is located at the lower right side of upper right cover plate 4, internal fluted, for place igniter and Temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;Two sides is respectively by right front vertical plate 6, middle front vertical plate 7, left front riser before and after the bottom of the upper cover plate of the body of heater 8 and left back riser 10, middle back vertical plate 11, right back vertical plate 12 be formed by connecting;Formed between the left front riser 8 and left back riser 10 Furnace chamber in have an inner flue 9;Heat exchanger is placed with the furnace chamber formed among the middle front vertical plate 7 and middle back vertical plate 11; Also a furnace chamber is formed between the right front vertical plate 6, right back vertical plate 12 and right side riser 5, and is mutually communicated with the first two furnace chamber, Form the entirety of a connection;The ash handling equipment 13 is located at the underground immediately below firewood adding hole on the right side of body of heater.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, and the level of the temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is cut Face is trapezoidal, and there is the flue of a connection on its left side, rear side and right side, has an aperture got through in the middle part of side flue thereafter;Institute The height for stating the front apron of temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, and the temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is using stainless Steel plate, the heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board of periphery and rearmounted ventilating duct composition.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, the flue outlet 1, left upper cover 2, in Upper cover plate 3, upper right cover plate 4, right side riser 5, right front vertical plate 6, middle front vertical plate 7, left front riser 8, inner flue 9, left back riser 10, Middle back vertical plate 11 and right back vertical plate 12 are formed by cement foamed fabrication techniques.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, and the igniter is Electric spark ignitor; The Electric spark ignitor is wrapped on support by ignition coil is screw type, then an external plug is formed.
A kind of split type of the present invention is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, the heat exchanger cast iron central heating radiator, its Heat conduction is carried out by medium of water.
Compared with prior art, split type of the present invention warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace of cooking a meal is simple in construction, makes Cost is low, easy to use, and the stove improves the utilization ratio of the energy using agricultural crop straw as fuel, and caused heat can pass through Three furnace chamber multi-uses not only can heat but also can cook.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1:Split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace front view;Fig. 2:Split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning energy-conservation Stove top view;Fig. 3:Spiral soot blower structure chart;Fig. 4:Electric spark ignitor structure chart;Fig. 5:Temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;1- flue outlets, Upper cover plate in 2- upper lefts cover plate, 3-, 4- upper rights cover plate, front vertical plate in riser, the right front vertical plates of 6-, 7- on the right side of 5-, the left front risers of 8-, Back vertical plate, the right back vertical plates of 12-, 13- ash handling equipments in the left back riser of 9- inner flues, 10-, 11-.
Embodiment
Warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace of being cooked a meal with reference to specific embodiment to split type of the present invention is done into one Step explanation, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace, and the double-purpose energy-saving stove includes body of heater and ash handling equipment 13; The upper cover plate of the body of heater is spliced by upper left cover plate 2, middle upper cover plate 3 and upper right cover plate 4;The upper left cover plate 2 is in upper left Angle is provided with a rectangular venthole, and a pot mouth is provided with middle part;The upper right cover plate 4 is provided with a pot mouth at middle part, A firewood adding hole is provided with right side, for adding agricultural crop straw;Flue outlet 1 is located at directly over venthole, size and smoke Hole is consistent, and one of opening is also left in middle before it, for inserting smoke barrier, can adjust smoke by push-and-pull smoke barrier And the intensity of a fire;Right side riser 5 is located at the lower right side of upper right cover plate 4, internal fluted, eliminates smoke and fills for placing igniter and temperature raising Put;Two sides is respectively by right front vertical plate 6, middle front vertical plate 7, left front riser 8 and left back vertical before and after the bottom of the upper cover plate of the body of heater Plate 10, middle back vertical plate 11, right back vertical plate 12 are formed by connecting;In the furnace chamber formed between the left front riser 8 and left back riser 10 There is an inner flue 9;Heat exchanger is placed with the furnace chamber formed among the middle front vertical plate 7 and middle back vertical plate 11;Before the right side Also a furnace chamber is formed between riser 6, right back vertical plate 12 and right side riser 5, and is mutually communicated with the first two furnace chamber, forms one The entirety of connection;The ash handling equipment 13 is located at the underground immediately below firewood adding hole on the right side of body of heater.Upper right cover plate is provided with one on right side Individual firewood adding hole, change traditional leeward confession oxygen and supplied oxygen for uptake, make the increase of the contact surface of oxygen and flare, be advantageous to keep cigarette The draught head of chimney top layer and burner hearth, make air smooth, and uptake supplies oxygen the problem of being supplied oxygen in the absence of ashes and fuel barrier, Make full combustion of fuel, be advantageous to the control of exhausting amount and intake, change the fill method of fuel, top is changed to by lateral Fuel is filled, is more convenient charging laborsaving.
A spiral soot blower is provided with the ash handling equipment 13 and a bucket, its exit are installed with lid;The spiral shell Rotation soot blower is internally provided with screw rod, and its upper and lower both sides is respectively equipped with ash-inlet hole and ash output opening, and its left side is provided with and screw rod Connected handle.Ash handling equipment is mainly that swinging handle is rotated caused ashes in stove to the bucket under it by spiral, when When ashes in bucket are full, the lid on ash handling equipment top is opened, it is possible to take out bucket and outwell ashes.Ash handling equipment or one kind Closed ash disposal mode, it can prevent following air from entering and causing unsafe factor.
The flue outlet 1, left upper cover 2, middle upper cover plate 3, upper right cover plate 4, right side riser 5, right front vertical plate 6, in it is preceding vertical Plate 7, left front riser 8, inner flue 9, left back riser 10, middle back vertical plate 11 and right back vertical plate 12 pass through cement foamed fabrication techniques Form.The 12 pieces of body of heater modules formed by cement foamed fabrication techniques, light weight, weight are about the 1/3 of ordinary cement module, Make it easier to assemble, be readily transported, standardized production, standardized operation.With body of heater made of module assembled technology, formed more Individual furnace chamber, using agricultural crop straw as fuel, caused heat can be used for warming oneself, cooking, heating up water, and solve existing integral furnace The stalk furnace of body, a furnace chamber, the problem of function is single.
The horizontal cross-section of the temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is trapezoidal, and this shape is conveniently placed on the right side of body of heater below firewood adding hole In furnace chamber, there is the flue of a connection on its left side, rear side and right side, have an aperture got through in the middle part of side flue thereafter;It is described The height of the front apron of temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue.A part of smog caused by straw burning can be by aperture along cigarette Road is back in furnace chamber, can effectively eliminate flue dust, increases the heat in furnace chamber.
The temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is using the fast stainless steel plate of high temperature resistant temperature raising, the heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board of periphery and rearmounted Ventilating duct composition.Stainless steel plate quick temperature raising in the case where material burns, it is heat-insulated to be with asbestos board outside stainless steel plate, prevents Heat energy distributes to body of heater, and the heat energy back for making outwards to distribute melts down thorax, improves the temperature of body of heater.The raising of fire box temperature promotes again The cracking and burning of fuel gas, improve the thermal efficiency in flue gas, reduce oxious component in flue gas, air pollution amount is subtracted It is few.
The igniter is Electric spark ignitor;The Electric spark ignitor is wrapped on support by ignition coil is screw type, then An external plug is formed.Burning time is shortened to light fuel using electric ignition technology;Make to ignite the range of choice of material Expand;Burner hearth is heated quickening, eliminate initial amount of smoke.
The heat exchanger cast iron central heating radiator, it carries out heat conduction by medium of water.Heat is conducted by medium of water, is saved Power, heat-transfer rate are fast, uniformly reliable, big I arbitrarily assembles.
Compared with prior art, split type of the present invention warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace of cooking a meal is simple in construction, makes Cost is low, easy to use, and the stove improves the utilization ratio of the energy using agricultural crop straw as fuel, and caused heat can pass through Three furnace chamber multi-uses not only can heat but also can cook.

Claims (5)

  1. The warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace 1. a kind of split type is cooked a meal, it is characterised in that the split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning Saving furnace includes body of heater and ash handling equipment (13);The upper cover plate of the body of heater is by upper left cover plate (2), middle upper cover plate (3) and upper right Cover plate (4) is spliced;The upper left cover plate (2) is provided with the venthole of a polygon in the upper left corner, and one is provided with middle part Pot mouth;The upper right cover plate (4) is provided with a pot mouth at middle part, a firewood adding hole is provided with right side, for adding crops straw Stalk;Flue outlet (1) is located at directly over venthole, and size is consistent with venthole, and one of opening is also left in middle before it, uses In inserting smoke barrier, smoke and the intensity of a fire can be adjusted by push-and-pull smoke barrier;Right side riser (5) is located at upper right cover plate (4) Lower right side, it is internal fluted, for placing igniter and temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus;Two sides is distinguished before and after the bottom of furnace upper cover plate By right front vertical plate (6), middle front vertical plate (7), left front riser (8) and left back riser (10), middle back vertical plate (11), right back vertical plate (12) It is formed by connecting;There is an inner flue (9) in the furnace chamber formed between the left front riser (8) and left back riser (10);In described Heat exchanger is placed with the furnace chamber formed among front vertical plate (7) and middle back vertical plate (11);The right front vertical plate (6), right back vertical plate (12) furnace chamber is also formed between right side riser (5), and is mutually communicated with the first two furnace chamber, composition one connects whole Body;The ash handling equipment (13) is located at the underground immediately below firewood adding hole on the right side of body of heater;
    The horizontal cross-section of the temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is trapezoidal, and there are the flue of a connection, rear side in its left side, rear side and right side There is an aperture got through in the middle part of flue;The height of the front apron of the temperature raising smoke consuming apparatus is less than flue.
  2. The warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace 2. a kind of split type according to claim 1 is cooked a meal, it is characterised in that the temperature raising Smoke consuming apparatus is made up of stainless steel plate, the heat-insulation and heat-preservation asbestos board of periphery and rearmounted ventilating duct.
  3. The warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace 3. a kind of split type according to claim 1 is cooked a meal, it is characterised in that the flue Export (1), upper left cover plate (2), middle upper cover plate (3), upper right cover plate (4), right side riser (5), right front vertical plate (6), middle front vertical plate (7), left front riser (8), inner flue (9), left back riser (10), middle back vertical plate (11) and right back vertical plate (12) are sent out by cement Bubble fabrication techniques form.
  4. The warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace 4. a kind of split type according to claim 1 is cooked a meal, it is characterised in that the igniting Device is Electric spark ignitor;The Electric spark ignitor is wrapped on support by ignition coil is screw type, then an external plug structure Into.
  5. The warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace 5. a kind of split type according to claim 1 is cooked a meal, it is characterised in that the heat exchange Device is cast iron central heating radiator, and it carries out heat conduction by medium of water.
CN201610015735.0A 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace Expired - Fee Related CN105546586B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610015735.0A CN105546586B (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610015735.0A CN105546586B (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105546586A CN105546586A (en) 2016-05-04
CN105546586B true CN105546586B (en) 2018-03-09

Family

ID=55825968

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610015735.0A Expired - Fee Related CN105546586B (en) 2016-01-11 2016-01-11 A kind of split type is cooked a meal warm dual-purpose straw burning saving furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105546586B (en)

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104315546A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-01-28 山西省农业科学院棉花研究所 Spliced straw combustion cooking and heating dual-purpose energy-saving stove

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2345860Y (en) * 1998-06-03 1999-10-27 李树东 Modular air heating stove device
CN2641487Y (en) * 2003-07-31 2004-09-15 吴献忠 Modular, sectional and multifunctional stove
CN201215332Y (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-04-01 贾树功 Domestic heating stove
GB2483722B (en) * 2010-09-20 2015-03-18 Michael Davy Wadge Stove box

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104315546A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-01-28 山西省农业科学院棉花研究所 Spliced straw combustion cooking and heating dual-purpose energy-saving stove

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN105546586A (en) 2016-05-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201281371Y (en) Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace
CN102927594B (en) Multi-functional high-temperature efficient energy-saving steam oven
CN204554882U (en) Many kinds of solids fuel is cooked a meal radiator
CN103528100B (en) Picnic furnace
CN202419706U (en) Double-chamber reverse-combustion boiler
CN102266114B (en) Airflow descending dense curing barn having brick-concrete structure
CN201569142U (en) Biological counter heating gasification boiler
CN101576271A (en) Automatic biological material combusting multipurpose furnace
CN108758696A (en) Environmental protection and energy saving firewood furnace and method
CN201053696Y (en) Energy-saving, highly-effective, environment-friendly civil heating oven
CN203880752U (en) Energy-saving type cooking and warming furnace
CN203533632U (en) Cooking and heating dual-purpose boiler
CN204100300U (en) Energy-saving and efficient return air furnace
CN104033928B (en) Multifunctional cooking stove
CN201416914Y (en) Whole fireplace
CN205316334U (en) Waste gasification heat accumulation burner
CN203628721U (en) Firewood stove with functions of heating, boiling water and cooking
CN205372642U (en) Energy -conserving return air stove
CN202835457U (en) Multiple combustion type civilian heating furnace provided with internal air duct system
CN105333416B (en) Coke particle clean combustion stove
CN202419705U (en) Energy-saving furnace
CN204648325U (en) A kind of bi-fuel type clean burning environmental protection and energy saving cooking heating stove and accessory
CN205079263U (en) Unpowered multi -functional biological particle stove of keeping warm
CN205174380U (en) Household garbage incinerator
CN204611846U (en) Hot blast high-temperature coal bavin smoke-free range

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Liu Yuepeng

Inventor after: Wang Huijie

Inventor after: Yang Bin

Inventor after: Xing Yuwei

Inventor after: Liu Jing

Inventor after: Nan Yang

Inventor after: Hu Jianfang

Inventor after: Wang Zikai

Inventor before: Wang Huijie

Inventor before: Nan Yang

Inventor before: Yang Shuqiao

Inventor before: Liu Yuepeng

Inventor before: Yao Pingguang

Inventor before: Fan Baoguo

Inventor before: Nan Jianfu

Inventor after: Liu Yuepeng

Inventor after: Wang Huijie

Inventor after: Yang Bin

Inventor after: Xing Yuwei

Inventor after: Liu Jing

Inventor after: Nan Yang

Inventor after: Hu Jianfang

Inventor after: Wang Zikai

Inventor before: Wang Huijie

Inventor before: Nan Yang

Inventor before: Yang Shuqiao

Inventor before: Liu Yuepeng

Inventor before: Yao Pingguang

Inventor before: Fan Baoguo

Inventor before: Nan Jianfu

GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180309

Termination date: 20190111