CN102183044A - Multi-fire head continuous balanced combustion method and long-tube rotary stove derived therefrom - Google Patents

Multi-fire head continuous balanced combustion method and long-tube rotary stove derived therefrom Download PDF

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CN102183044A
CN102183044A CN 201110055245 CN201110055245A CN102183044A CN 102183044 A CN102183044 A CN 102183044A CN 201110055245 CN201110055245 CN 201110055245 CN 201110055245 A CN201110055245 A CN 201110055245A CN 102183044 A CN102183044 A CN 102183044A
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fire
long
stove
heater
coal
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CN102183044B (en
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张启凤
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Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-fire head continuous balanced combustion method and a long-tube rotary stove derived therefrom, and belongs to coal combustion methods and coal stove utensils. The long-tube rotary stove can produce a dozen of fire heads, large fire and extremely strong firepower under the action of a fire combustion chamber. Compared with the conventional coal stove, the long-tube rotary stove has the advantages that: coal resources can be saved to the greatest extent; coal gas can be used to the greatest extent; combustion strength of the coal gas can be increased to the greatest extent; heat energy is utilized to the greatest extent; environmental pollution is greatly improved; the stove body of the new stove can combust the coal gas in a reverse direction after being turned 180 degrees; the long-tube rotary stove consists of components such as a stove plate, a middle fire cover, a coal support, a stove body, a fire combustion chamber, a lower fire cover and the like; the components are arranged on the stove body in sequence; the long-tube rotary stove is used for heating, cooking meals, sweeping snow and cutting ice; and an external combustion vehicle and a generator are driven by using the long-tube rotary stove, so that a generating power equipment system is greatly simplified.

Description

Continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings and derivative long tube rotation stove and accessory thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to various coal resources, the continuous harmonious combustion method of a kind of many duration and degree of heatings and derivative a kind of new stove and accessory thereof.Particularly cellular coal stove and other are with the stove and accessory of coal.
Background technology
One. the interrupted unbalanced firing method of single flame head
Traditional combustion method all is single duration and degree of heating, is mending the fire when adding new coal at every turn, and new coal will be pressed flame and be gone out, and reproduces flame combustion after smoldering tens minutes.This--go out not only---but also, interrupted, and the unbalanced again combustion characteristic of furnace temperature, I am referred to as: the interrupted unbalanced firing method of single flame head abbreviates as: the traditional combustion method.
The traditional combustion method all is to burn coal; Be that a lump coal adds a lump coal ground discontinuous combustion. burning all is that the coal gas that is produced (general names of all imflammable gas) was in burning after coal passed through heating in fact.Just people think traditionally, are that coal is in burning.So often saying, we are burning coal.Coal can directly not burn in fact, and coal is by the coal gas that is produced after heating, and coal gas also needs: a. high temperature b. oxygen.Only possessed, coal gas could burn after these two conditions.In fact coal is the medium of gas-fired.Here it is, and attached its of name named on the spot: have decision consciousness.
Though the coal of the high-pressure boiler in power plant is balancedly to burn continuously,, still have only a duration and degree of heating, still burning coal, so, still be the traditional combustion method.Just the traditional combustion method is improved major step, not the variation of matter.This is the traditional concept owing to people, and change does not cause.
Because it is believed that the traditional combustion method is to burn coal, does not expect burning gas.So no matter the coal gas that coal produced, how big having wastes, and does not also take notice of, it is unfortunate what has more unconsciously been found.Therefore, even the power plant also is to burn coal, just coal is being broken into a coal dust grain, send in the high-pressure boiler continuously balancedly, a combusting coal fines grain generation steam generates electricity.Though I did not meet, the combustion position of high-pressure boiler.But, guess the raging fire that blazes by reasoning, its duration and degree of heating must be flourishing flame.And that flourishing flame is gas-fired is halfway, a kind of phenomenon the most commonly.Why is flourishing flame? reason is very simple in fact, and most important reason lacks oxygen exactly, (oxygen content has only 20.94% in the air) secondly be exactly in the air 78% nitrogen (not combustion-supporting gas) promptly play fire extinguishing and lower the temperature again playing a negative interaction.Have only incandescent fire to burnout coal gas.And the traditional combustion method is not accomplish ground at all, also is the problem that people did not always also think.Hence one can see that, and the coal dust grain in the high-pressure boiler is in moment, and just entering flue by boiler furnace is absolute the burning not up hill and dale, because anoxic necessarily contains coal gas in the coal dust grain.And, reach Bai Yanzhong in the powder ash in entering atmosphere and also contain coal gas.Because from the situation of my experiment, after the aqueous vapor in coal was dried, coal gas just again be can't see and has been emitted the sight of white cigarette when being burned to the degree of pale blue flame.When going to touch smoke tube mouth with hand, only feeling has one hot gas flowing.Still cutting so of power plant with the coal situation.So, industrial and mining enterprises and ordinary people family use the coal situation, will seriously having howed than the power plant with the coal situation.
Two. existing various coal stove apparatus:.
(1). the high-voltage power boiler, though, used single flame head, continuously, balancedly firing method improves the utilization rate of coal a lot, reach about 92-95%,, still be undesirable.Following several not enough places are arranged:
1. force to give wind, it is not on your life that this high-voltage power boiler is not forced to wind.Because airborne oxygen content has only 20.94%, remaining 78% is not combustion-supporting nitrogen.Therefore, pressure follows up a large amount of not combustion-supporting gases at a high speed to wind, an and parcel coal dust grain, be to cause anoxic, and make one of low reason of furnace temperature speed, the coal dust of a burning grain is before arriving reheater, anoxic just, the combustion that continues of a coal dust grain can be thought inertia burning, resembles to burn red iron block and thrown far, but also red.Therefore, can conclude that pressure is a coal dust grain one of the halfway reason of burning to wind.
2. coal dust continuously and be swiftly flowing, so not all right yet.This is that the derivative boiler structure of traditional combustion method causes.Be the contradiction that coal-powder boiler and CFBB can't overcome.Flow at high speed is a coal dust firing halfway former therefore two.
3. duration and degree of heating is to burn in large space, very long combustion chamber, and a large amount of not combustion-supporting gases reduces the flame combustion intensity of duration and degree of heating.In the combustion chamber of electricity generation boiler, have a large amount of, that flow at high speed, combustion-supporting gas is not cumulative, increase exponentially.Being exactly these not combustion-supporting gases, making coal-fired heat loss rate very big, is the big jinx of electricity generation boiler.Also be the contradiction that coal-powder boiler and CFBB can't overcome.
4. coal dust flows from the high-temperature region to low-temperature space, and it is fewer and feweri causing the coal gasification phenomenon, i.e. gas-fired gets not thorough.
5. reheater, economizer, preheater, this boiler structure that falls smoke evacuation do not have them not all right, have had them that furnace temperature is changed greatly, are unfavorable for the gasification of coal dust.Thereby also need the air-introduced machine loss that increases electric power.
6. forcing to give wind, coal dust flow at high speed, falling to discharge fume is to make tail cigarette temperature too high.Exhaust gas temperature 120-160 ℃, the ratio maximum that the heat loss due to exhaust gas rate accounts for is about the 40-50% of the loss of gross energy.
7. flyash, coal smoke, contaminated environment and influence the variation of weather seriously.
Owing to above-mentioned seven reasons, make pulverized-coal fired boiler and CFBB, the thermal efficiency of such high-voltage power steam coal is also only accomplished about about 30-45%.The thermal efficiency of boiler also is extremely low, still is very undesirable.
(2). existing various coal stove apparatus:
1. fire door is on coal stove top, and near the smoke tube mouth position, make all old stove and accessorys, all can only warm oneself, heat up water, cook by the naked light on the fire door, fire is prosperous more, then the heat energy of discharging by chimney is many more. and a large amount of heat energy has been slatterned in vain. and especially bituminous coal singly is not to discharge a large amount of heat energy, is black smoke and white cigarette but also discharge a large amount of coal gas. and this all is a resource. and seriously polluted environment.Old stove and accessory can not make full use of heat energy, and the thermal energy more than 30% is discharged from the stove, and thermal losses is extremely serious.
2. be example with 4 cellular coal stoves, the oxygen consuming amount of 4 lump coal is very unbalanced in this stove, the oxygen that Qiang Huozheng arrives is maximum, so burn the most prosperously, temperature is the highest, thereby forming the strong convection phenomenon of air. moderate heat takes second place, weak fire is the coal of anoxic gas, add the strong convection of air. cause the burner hearth bottom temperature very low again, have under the situation of evil mind (being that coal does not have to burn thoroughly), put out a fire at last. this situation that this stove causes, circulating repeatedly, is constant. therefore, honeycomb briquette burns not thoroughly.
3. old stove and accessory burner hearth is short, coal-forming is few, therefore, is not weak kindling when deslagging, is exactly the low baking temperature coal, and being in a word has under the situation of a large amount of waste heats to be discharged from, and heat energy has been wasted like this.
4. old stove and accessory is when deslagging, general all whole whole the telling of eating, exactly 4 honeycomb briquettes being got (telling) in the stove comes out to be placed on the ground. remove coal cinder then, again preceding 3 lump coal are put in the stove, adding 1 block of new coal again. the disastrous effect that this deslagging method causes has: 1. be placed on the coal that burns aglowly indoor, a large amount of heat energy have promptly been wasted, though cause indoor air pollution again. be short two or three minutes, but choke the people not gently. have to open the door bleeds off coal gas. from and the temperature of stove is descended. form a kind of vicious circle waste. 2. and the temperature in the burner hearth descends rapidly. make the very hot oven coal of putting in the stove, weaken a part of intensity of a fire and heat energy.Be again once to waste heat energy.
5. old stove and accessory burner hearth is short, and thick, in order that make the more prosperous of coal combustion.It mainly by be stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire and chimney the heating,, next is only body of heater.Therefore, heating effect is poor.
6. what old stove and accessory used all is the circle chimney, and the circle chimney is best on smoke discharging effect, and the heat energy of Pai Chuing is also maximum simultaneously.In other words, it is minimum utilizing on the heat energy.
7.. old stove and accessory has only a duration and degree of heating, the intensity of a fire is little, a little less than the firepower.Old stove and accessory is under the state of banking up a fire, and furnace temperature is very low.
8. old stove and accessory, burner hearth is short, coal-forming is few, therefore, can not form the constant temperature intensity of a fire of long period, can not cause the indoor comfort temperature that the long period is arranged.
9. old stove and accessory is that what to fix is not revolvably, therefore just can not oppositely burn coal.Thereby make it just low on the utilization rate of burning coal.
10 bituminous coal warming stoves also are duration and degree of heatings, are to add a dant, and are prosperous once fiery, can not form the constant temperature intensity of a fire of long period.And the utilization rate of coal is very low, and coal gas is to discharge burner hearth in large quantities to have slatterned.Soot pollution of the environment is the most serious.
11. old stove and accessory burner hearth is short, coal-forming is few, one does not note the coal that mends the fire, and will put out a fire, and therefore, the probability of lighting a fire is just big, and the number of times of lighting a fire is just many.The coal smoke of being emerged of at every turn lighting a fire is at ordinary times twenties times, and this singly is not seriously to waste coal resource, has seriously polluted environment yet.Lighting a fire simultaneously also is that part is time-consuming, and the thing of trouble.
12. old stove and accessory is when mending the fire coal, the situation of appearance is very complicated.There are 11 kinds more than approximately.At first want deslagging and the situation of deslagging is just complicated, earlier not very.1. new coal is pressed and is just gone out at burned flame i.e. fire extinguishing.2. press the flame that goes out to become coal gas again, at first drain and contaminated environment.3. the coal-fired intensity of a fire weakens, and can continue to discharge a large amount of coal gas, also at the new coal of barbecue, makes it produce steam and coal gas and other falling property gas simultaneously.4. furnace temperature descends, and rises again.Furnace temperature has fluctuation.5. the intensity of a fire weakens and goes strong--and the intensity of a fire has change.6. flame is to have gone out, again, occur repeatedly.7. new coal produces steam and coal gas and other falling property gas.Coal gas can not be burnt at once, need to continue tens minutes time.8. new coal produces the coal smoke environment that entered atmosphere pollution.9. coal smoke produces coal tar again in chimney.And coal tar carries out physical reactions in chimney and chemical reaction damages chimney.Simultaneously also in contaminated environment.10. twice coal gas occurs and entered atmosphere in a large number, promptly wasted energy contaminated environment again.And those all are again that heat energy also has been wasted.(11) in a word, this situation number of occurrence is many, needs when very hot oven every about 3 hours, must be repeatedly once.
Generally speaking, existing various coal stove apparatus, the interest rate that all exists coal at large is extremely low, and coal gas is to be wasted in large quantities, and the intensity of a fire is little, and the intensity of gas-fired is low to be that heat energy is then discharged in large quantities by chimney a little less than the firepower.The contaminated degree of air is also very serious.
The purpose of invention
In order to change people's traditional concept, think to burn coal.Change new concept into, think: be to burn gas, coal is the medium of coal gas, and really burning is coal gas.
Be from now on design principle to burn gas, could save coal resource substantially
The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings under the effect of vehement fire burns chamber 15, is carried the combustion intensity of coal gas to incandescent fire.And to incandescent flame.
With flame combustion to incandescent fire is from now on design principle, could save all imflammable gas resources substantially.Could reduce the pollution of flue gas substantially to air.Thereby greatly improved environment.
The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings under the inspiration of vehement fire burns chamber 15, is increased to incandescent flame to the combustion intensity of coal gas.I think and can accomplish ground.Edify people the energy is converted into light, promptly fire is changed into light.Make the human pollution of exempting flue gas.Thereby improved environment up hill and dale.This is the tidemark that people pursue.
Long tube rotation stove and accessory is saved coal resource for limit degree ground, and limit degree ground uses coal gas, and the combustion intensity of coal gas is burnt the limit, utilizes heat energy limit degree.In a word, these four limit degree ground coal methods can be saved coal resource and be reached about 20%.Theoretically: the utilization rate of coal can reach more than 99%, and it discharges is steam (being the steam that coal produces when being toasted) and combustion-supporting gas not.Therefore, reduced the severe contamination of coal smoke to greatest extent to environment.
The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings can produce at least two duration and degree of heatings, and just can reach at the most tens or more a plurality of duration and degree of heatings.Therefore, can reach tens hours by continuous burning.The flame of middle duration and degree of heating then reaches and turns white-hot continuous its duration and degree of heating of harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings, makes the combustion intensity of coal gas reach tidemark when above at three, and the flame of last duration and degree of heating becomes pale blue flame; Its intensity of a fire is very big when above at six when duration and degree of heating, and firepower is extremely strong.Then make long tube boiler become power source, use its driving automobile,, and save money very environmental protection.With its deicing of sweeping away snow, will become thing easily.To greatly simplify existing high-pressure boiler and power-equipment system with its generating.
The new stove and accessory that province's coal is provided, saves trouble, save worry for industrial and mineral enterprises and institutions and broad masses of the people.Long tube rotation warming stove can keep the long period---tens hours 18-24 ℃ the constant temperature intensity of a fire.This just provides a comfortable working environment and sleeps big relievedly and spend this warmly to people and overflows disrespectful long night.
The multi-use way, using forward combustion is the warming stove.Behind body of heater Rotate 180 ° angle, and add a coal holder at burner hearth bottom, again can be commonly used in spring, summer, Qiu Sanji, become 4 to 6 lump coal stoves.Be used to heat up water, cook, cooking.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is long tube rotation warming stove front view.
Summary of the invention
As shown in Figure 1: it is the abbreviation of four kinds of new coal stoves that long tube rotates stove and accessory: both long tube revolving burner, long tube rotated warming stove, long tube revolving boiler, spiral calandria boiler. The technical characterictic of long tube rotation stove and accessory:
(1) a long tube rotation stove and accessory be by rectangle water feather cockscomb 22, coal holder 2, exhaust adjustable plate 3, middle fire cover 4, stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5, upper cylinder half rim 6, body of heater 8, burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, in the heart feed pipe 24, swivel joint 26 under drainpipe 11, runing rest 14, vehement fiery combustion chamber 15, inlet plenum 18, lower fire cover 19, air inlet adjustment plate 21, exhaust chamber 23, the center, wait parts to form; Rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 is integrated with the rectangle chimney that Qi Bao is praising, and the short rectangle joint of the chimney of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 is inserted in the end face exhaust opening of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5; In the great circle fire door of the upper end of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 upper fire cover 1 is housed; Stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 lower ends are fixed on the body of heater 8 with three bolts 7; That upper cylinder half rim 6 is affixed with body of heater 8 on the stockhole of body of heater 8, fire cover 4 in the cannelure of upper cylinder half rim 6, being equipped with; Being exhaust adjustable plates 3 in the upper surface of middle fire cover 4, is coal holders 2 in the center of exhaust adjustable plate 3; The lower surface of the round tray of coal holder 2 and middle fire cover 4 forms exhaust chamber 23; Little inner cylinder lower end at body of heater 8 is burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, and burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is also affixed in the middle inner cylinder of body of heater 8, and in the upper surface of lower compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20; In the burner hearth of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, honeycomb briquette 17 is housed, vehement fiery combustion chamber 15 is arranged between every honeycomb briquette; Are lower compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circles 20 in the lower end of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, lower fire cover (19) is positioned in the cannelure of lower compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle (20); Between the upper surface of lower fire cover 19 and circle fire grate, form inlet plenum 18; Be connected with lime-ash tube 28 in the lower surface of lower fire cover 19, lime-ash tube 28 is sleeved on the lateral surface of pearlite insulating layer 27, is connected with again a shape lock groove in the lower surface of lime-ash tube 28, and air inlet adjustment plate 21 is housed in it; On two lateral surface middle parts of body of heater 8, have under the center feed pipe 24 and in drainpipe 11 in the heart, they be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the body of heater 8; The root position of water pipe is held a concurrent post the effect of body of heater supporting leg 12 simultaneously; Body of heater supporting leg 12 just is contained in the cylinder of the both sides on the runing rest 14; O-ring seals 13 in four cannelures of two swivel joints 26, be set on the joint external diameter of feed pipe 24 under the center and in the heart on the joint external diameter of drainpipe 11; Two swivel joints 26 all are by the landing nipple plate of hexagon socket head cap screw 25 with the cylinder top of runing rest 14 both sides, and are affixed; Lateral surface at body of heater 8 is wrapped in pearlite insulating layer 27;
The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings is characterized in that: necessary long tube stove and the coal-fired certainly combustion chamber of wound or the combustion chamber components of interpolation that uses various bodies.
(2). in high about the 1 meter scope of exhaust opening place circle chimney, be the maximum place of heat-energy losses of old stove and accessory. In order to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, improve the utilization rate of heat energy. In the situation of the smoke extraction area that does not reduce round chimney. To justify chimney and change the rectangle chimney into, and it will be wrapped in the rectangle water feather cockscomb 22. Make coal smoke approach rectangle chimney inwall more, the heat of coal smoke is passed to water, reusable heat water-cooled or do other purposes. Improve the utilization rate of heat energy.
The technical characterictic of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22:
Rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 is rectangle tubulars, and it is sealed ground, be wrapped in therein that the rectangle chimney of heart position is integrated, and in a side of water feather cockscomb, there is water out adapter upper and lower parts; The upper end of water feather cockscomb is the elbow of rectangle chimney, and the elbow mouth is rounded, and the lower end of water feather cockscomb is rectangular planes, and in the lower end of rectangular planes, centre bit is equipped with a short rectangle joint.
The effect of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 each several parts:
Water out adapter is used for supplying water and discharging water; The elbow mouth is circular and oval chimney joins; Short rectangle joint inserts in stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 exhaust openings; In order that coal tar is flowed out in the stove. Do not pollute indoor environment, and anti-convention design, water feather cockscomb Cheng Shui is in order to utilize heat energy.
(3). to cook in order heating up water, to be provided with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 at long tube rotation stove and accessory:
The technical characterictic of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5:
The upper end of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 is a rectangular planes, and individual rectangle exhaust opening is arranged in the plane, and exhaust opening and great circle fire door have certain distance, and tangent with it; The stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire lower end is a cylinder, has individual small stair, small stair bottom that three bolts hole are arranged in the cylinder bottom, in cylinder sides individual boss is arranged, and boss top is exhaust opening.
The effect of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 each several parts:
The short rectangle joint of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 inserts in the exhaust opening of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5.Great circle fire door and upper fire cover 1 join.3 bolts hole are used for fixing stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire.In cylinder sides individual boss is arranged, boss is a discharge flue.
(4). in the technical characterictic of feed pipe 24 and the effect of each several part under drainpipe 11 and the center in the heart
In the technical characterictic of feed pipe 24 under drainpipe 11 and the center in the heart
In in the heart under drainpipe 11 and the center feed pipe 24 all form by circle water pipe and square tube; The circle water pipe is in the position, an end of square tube, and the circle water pipe becomes 90 ° of layouts with square tube, and the circle water pipe communicates with square tube and be affixed, and also is that envelope is close; At the other end of square tube, and individual slotted hole is arranged with a position of relative another lateral surface of circle water pipe, the square tube two ends be seal close.
In the effect of feed pipe 24 each several parts under drainpipe 11 and the center in the heart:
The joint external diameter of these two round water pipes is used for feeding water or draining is used.Their root position all is a body of heater supporting leg 12 again simultaneously, is to hold two duties.Slotted hole is that the admission port also is a discharge outlet.Feedwater through swivel joint 26 by the center under feed pipe 24 (circle water pipe) enter square tube, enter boiler water jacket 10 through slotted hole again, take the boiler of feeding water.Boiler hot-water by slotted hole enter square tube, again pass through in the heart drainpipe 11 (circle water pipe) enter swivel joint, flow to radiator again, heat with hot water.
(5). the continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings must be used long tube rotation stove and accessory, could useful place to go.Therefore, body of heater 8 is core components of long tube rotation stove and accessory.Body of heater 8 has four kinds of physique structures.
(1). the body of heater 8 of long tube revolving burner, its technical characterictic:
Body of heater 8 is long cylinders, in long cylinder external diameter middle part, be equipped with symmetry, external diameter is identical, and is concentric water pipe head, both the body of heater supporting leg 12; At long cylinder, there are upper cylinder half rim 6 and following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20 in upper and lower end head position, in the upper and lower end head position of long cylinder 3 bolts hole is arranged respectively;
The effect of body of heater 8 each several parts:
The compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle the 6, the 20th up and down, is used for fixing burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, the water pipe head is a body of heater supporting leg 12, be used for supporting body of heater 8, and bolt hole is used for fixing stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5
(2). long tube rotation warming stove, its technical characterictic:
Body of heater 8 is by long outer cylinder, goes up fire door, middle fire door, fire door down, feed pipe 24 under middle inner cylinder, little inner cylinder, the center, in the heart body such as drainpipe 11, body of heater supporting leg 12 form; Long outer cylinder, with last fire door, middle fire door, fire door down, and in inner cylinder and little inner cylinder affixed after, double-deck inside and outside forming one, seal close overall structure; The integrally-built centre double-deck inside and outside this is a boiler water jacket 10; Two water pipe heads are arranged, be respectively feed pipe 24 under the center, in drainpipe 11 in the heart, they be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the middle part, external diameter two sides of long outer cylinder; Body of heater supporting leg 12 is fixed on the long outer cylinder under stiffener auxiliary; The bottom of feed pipe 24 is root square tubes under the center, and square tube and long outer cylinder are affixed, and square tube lower end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of long outer cylinder and is fixed on the long outer cylinder; In same in the heart the top of drainpipe 11 also be the root square tube, square tube and long outer cylinder are affixed, square tube upper end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of growing outer cylinder and is fixed on the long outer cylinder; Two square tubes they be one one down last, is dislocation ground, symmetrically; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at oval urceolus, at long outer cylinder lower end water out adapter are housed, and two water out adapters are symmetrically and in the same side; Upper and lower side head position in long outer cylinder all is evenly distributed with three positioning bolt holes.
The effect of body of heater 8 each several parts of long tube rotation warming stove:
The body of heater 8 of warming stove, the long part of inner cylinder in its long outer cylinder ratio, and the length that this a part of length is exactly little inner cylinder, little inner cylinder is the most important heat-transfer surface of warming stove.Because the high temperature in the stove all is stored in the honeycomb briquette and combustion chamber on top of warming stove, these a large amount of heat energy are all passed to heat-transfer surface by coal and combustion chamber.Therefore, the length ratio rate of middle inner cylinder and little inner cylinder is extremely important, and the length of promptly little inner cylinder is rationally with coal and improve the key of heat energy utilization rate.Water in the boiler water jacket 10 is used for radiator, the heating water.Drainpipe 11 and center feed pipe 24 in the heart in be equipped with long outer cylinder lateral surface middle part, body of heater supporting leg 12 is also held a concurrent post in these two water pipe root positions.Body of heater supporting leg 12 is contained in two cylinders of runing rest 14, with it movingly.Therefore, can make whole body of heater 8 do 360 ° of rotations.Be used for just burning and the anti-honeycomb briquette that burns, be sparing in the use of coal to reach to greatest extent.Safety valve and water out adapter are equipped with in upper end in long outer cylinder, and safety valve is for guaranteeing personal safety.Water out adapter is standby.Termination up and down in long outer cylinder all is evenly distributed with three positioning bolt holes, is used for fixing stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5.
(3). the body of heater 8 of long tube revolving boiler as shown in Figure 3, its technical characterictic:
Body of heater 8 is by oval urceolus, oval fire door, oval middle fire door, the oval fire door down gone up, inner core, oval little inner core, body of heater supporting leg 12, supporting leg stiffener in oval, and feed pipe 24 under the annular gas bag, reheater, Long Circle burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, center, etc. body form; Oval urceolus, with oval go up fire door, oval in fire door, oval fire door down, and double-deck, envelope is close, overall structure inside and outside inner core and the affixed back of oval little inner core form in oval; The integrally-built centre double-deck inside and outside this is a boiler water jacket 10; The annular gas bag is in last fire door upper surface, and is and affixed with last fire door, and an interface of annular gas bag communicates also affixed with the last exhaust outlet of boiler water jacket 10, annular gas bag another interface communicate also affixed with the interface of reheater; Another interface of reheater, both high pressure gas outlets, the center and the body of heater supporting leg 12 that are arranged in body of heater supporting leg 12 are affixed, and the reheater comb is arranged in the lower end and oval middle inner core of oval little inner core, the upper part of body of heater supporting leg 12; Two body of heater supporting legs 12, be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the two lateral surface centres of oval urceolus, the supporting leg gusset plate is all arranged; The lower end of reheater comb is a Long Circle burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9; Feed pipe 24 is fixed in the lateral surface of oval urceolus under the center, and (both in the pipe of body of heater supporting leg 12) is affixed with body of heater supporting leg 12 in the center of body of heater supporting leg 12; The lower end of feed pipe 24 is root square tubes under the center, and feed pipe is affixed and communicate under square tube and the center; The slotted hole of the lower end of square tube is affixed with the slotted hole of oval urceolus and communicate; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at oval urceolus, at oval urceolus lower end water out adapter are housed, and two water out adapters are symmetrically and on the same side.
The effect of body of heater 8 each several parts of long tube revolving boiler
The gas that boiler produced enters annular gas bag by the last exhaust outlet of water jacket 10, and the outlet of annular gas bag is joined with the air inlet pipe of reheater again, and is expelled to the high pressure gas outlet by the comb of reheater.The inwall of oval little inner core is exactly a heat-transfer surface, is that the iron and steel burner hearth is for the transmission of accelerating heat energy and improves the utilization of heat energy and well-designed, and for secondary heats again, the reheater comb is arranged in goes up the position in the body of heater, be in order to improve steam pressure.
(4). its technical characterictic of spiral calandria boiler:
Body of heater 8 is by very long spiral pipe Urceolus, with upper, middle and lower, three fire doors, very long spiral pipe Middle inner core, very long spiral pipe Little inner core, body of heater supporting leg 12, and annular gas bag, reheater, burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, etc. body form; Spiral pipe urceolus and upper, middle and lower, three fire doors, and the spiral pipe in the overall structure of inner core and the affixed back of the little inner core of the spiral pipe double-deck sealing inside and outside forming; The close integrally-built centre of envelope double-deck inside and outside this is a boiler water jacket 10; The annular gas bag is in last fire door upper surface, and is and affixed with last fire door, and an interface of annular gas bag communicates also affixed with the last exhaust outlet of boiler water jacket 10, annular gas bag another interface communicate also affixed with the interface of reheater; Another interface of reheater is fixed in the body of heater setting circle core barrel, is on the center of body of heater center of circle pipe, is set with screwed union 26 on the interface external diameter of reheater; The center of body of heater center of circle pipe in the big cannelure of spiral calandria boiler lower end, body of heater center of circle Guan Yuda cannelure is affixed; Big cannelure is fixed on the concrete pedestal of its lower surface by bolt; The reheater comb is fixed in the upper part of inner core in the lower end of the little inner core of spiral pipe and the spiral pipe; The lower end of reheater comb is the body of heater compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware; Feed pipe 24 is affixed with spiral pipe urceolus and communicate the lateral surface in its lower end; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at spiral pipe urceolus, at spiral pipe urceolus lower end water out adapter are housed;
Very long spiral pipe urceolus is with the inclination angle more than 10 °, spiralling; Affixed in the lower surface of spiral pipe urceolus, and, be to be evenly distributed with five supporting legs that length is different, rotatable wheel is housed in supporting leg, five wheels are in conplane big cannelure.The supporting leg wheel is that the axle center rotates whole spiral calandria boiler in big cannelure with body of heater center of circle pipe.
The effect of spiral calandria boiler each several part:
Spiral calandria boiler, body of heater 8, its long tube are very long very long, therefore, the thermal current in the stove, and the route of walking really is to improve, the time that thermal current is detained in stove is the longest.So in other words the thermal losses minimum, is exactly that the heat energy utilization rate is the highest.Tens of duration and degree of heating as many as, its intensity of a fire arrives greatly, can decompose in the coal, in the water, airborne, all molecules.Its oxygen molecule is combustion-supporting have been used, and other hydrogen molecule, carbon molecule become then that additional fuel is burned have been used.This stove coal saving rate is the highest.It is when advancing fuel that spiral calandria boiler is changed one's profession away in big cannelure inward turning, and fuel is rotated on the assigned address; Body of heater center of circle pipe is used for setting screw calandria boiler, also is used for position rotating joint 26.Big cannelure is fixed in by bolt on the concrete pedestal of its lower surface, and it is that spiral calandria boiler is rotated on the route of its regulation.
(6). moderate heat lid 4, lower fire cover 19, the effect of classification, effect, technical characterictic, each several part:
Moderate heat lid 4, lower fire cover are divided into two classes for 19, two kinds, and a class is a circle fire lid, and another kind of is Long Circle fire lid.
The effect of moderate heat lid 4: (1) is withstood honeycomb briquette and is not allowed its play up and down under the effect of coal holder 2.(2) control size (3) the control intensity of a fire size of capacity by exhaust adjustable plate 3, and then reach strict control duration and degree of heating quantity.This is the important measures that improve the heat energy interest rate.
The effect of lower fire cover 19 is controlled the size of air inflow by air inlet adjustment plate 21, is used for controlling the duration and degree of heating combustion intensity
The technical characterictic of moderate heat lid 4:
Moderate heat lid 4 is made up of circle lid, exhaust adjustable plate 3, coal holder 2 and nut; On the external diameter of fire lid circle lid end face equally distributed three boss are arranged, cover at circle and be distributed with 4 equidistant circular holes, 4 circular holes are close to the internal diameter of circle lid; There is individual boss center, other end at the circle lid, is screwed hole at the boss center; Exhaust adjustable plate 3 is enclosed within on the boss and in the circle lid, and movingly, that 4 equidistant circular holes that also 4 equidistant circular holes on the exhaust adjustable plate 3, circular hole and circle cover distribution are wanted is concentric, with justifying; Coal holder 2 is housed in the screwed hole at boss center, and nut is screwed on the screw thread of coal holder 2, is used for pushing down exhaust adjustable plate 3.
Moderate heat covers the effect of 4 each several parts;
It is exhaust outlets that three boss are used for fixing 4,4 equidistant circular holes of moderate heat lid, and 4 equidistant circular holes on the exhaust adjustable plate 3 are used for regulating the capacity size, and coal holder 2 is by regulating length, is used for withstanding honeycomb briquette.The external diameter that also it should be noted that three boss of moderate heat lid 4 and circle lid simultaneously is to be the same with three boss of lower fire cover 19 and the external diameter of circle lid.They can exchange use, so that when three seasons of spring and summer autumn, hold in the palm coal with moderate heat lid 4 and long coal holder 2, heat up water and have cooked.
For making coal stove can a stove dual-purpose, ad hoc coal holder 2 these parts.Be warming stove winter; And when three seasons of spring and summer autumn, with behind body of heater 8 Rotate 180s °.Under the effect of coal holder 2, make the top of body of heater 8 can only become 4-6 piece honeycomb briquette down, just can heat up water and cook, thereby become dual-purpose stove.
The technical characterictic of coal holder 2;
Coal holder (2) is an elongated threaded bar, is bulb in elongated threaded bar lower end, and ball-head cover is contained in the blind hole of boss, and bulb and blind hole are movingly; Affixed round tray in the lower surface of boss, round tray in the form of sheets.
The effect of coal holder 2 each several parts
The long screw thread of coal holder 2 is the height that are used for regulating the coal holder.Round tray be used for holding or be to withstand honeycomb briquette, when body of heater 8 rotation, for not making honeycomb briquette play up and down.Also in order to stop thermal current directly to be discharged from the passage at honeycomb briquette middle part, be to make thermal current full of twists and turns simultaneously, detouring rises from inboard wall of burner hearth discharges, and prolongs some time just can utilize heat energy more.
B. the technical characterictic of lower fire cover 19:
Lower fire cover 19 is that circle fire grate, column, boss, air inlet adjustment plate 21, lime-ash tube etc. are partly formed by the circle lid; On the external diameter of circle lid end face equally distributed three boss are arranged, the lime-ash tube is fixed on the lower surface of circle lid, and door shape lock groove is fixed in again on the lower surface of lime-ash tube, and air inlet adjustment plate 21 movingly is housed in door shape lock groove; There are three columns upper surface at circle lid, and there is individual circle fire grate on the plane on three columns, and the space that forms between upper surface that circle covers and circle fire grate is exactly an inlet plenum 18.
The effect of lower fire cover 19 each several parts:
Three boss are used for fixing lower fire cover 19, and air inlet adjustment plate 21 is used for regulating the air inflow size, and work the effect of banking up a fire.Three columns are to create to there emerged a inlet plenum 18 usefulness, and the circle fire grate is used for holding honeycomb briquette, and the lime-ash tube becomes cinder, also is to be used for dustproof simultaneously.
(7) importance of combustion chamber and classification thereof, material, structure, effect and its technical characterictic:
The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings: abbreviate new firing method as.
(1) importance of combustion chamber
New firing method must be used long tube rotation stove and accessory.And a long tube rotation stove and accessory must could use new firing method by combuster, otherwise with traditional combustion method, honeycomb briquette can not burn.Therefore, the combustion chamber is exactly in the long tube rotation stove and accessory, most crucial parts.
The combustion chamber is exactly the parts that create duration and degree of heating, several combustion chambers just form several duration and degree of heatings. and there is not the combustion chamber just not have new firing method yet. there is not new firing method, just can not produce long tube rotation stove and accessory. moreover, the big and little of the intensity of a fire can also be controlled in the combustion chamber, firepower strong with a little less than. with blue fire burns chamber then the intensity of a fire burn more prosperous and more prosperous. as then firepower is powerful with vehement fire burns chamber, reaching the tidemark of gas-fired. this has not only improved the utilization rate of coal resource, has also greatly improved environmental pollution.
(2) classification of combustion chamber, effect, material and its structure:
According to the intensity of flame combustion, the combustion chamber is divided into three kinds again: the flourishing combustion chamber of the blue fire burns chamber C. of the vehement fire burns of A. chamber B.
Vehement fire burns chamber is fiery to white heat with gas-fired with it exactly. and make gas-fired to its tidemark. its limit degree ground has improved the utilization rate of coal gas, and also limit degree ground is the combustion intensity of coal gas, and performance reaches the peak.Thereby make the interest rate of coal also bring up to the limit. coal gas is burnt till incandescent fire. its largest benefit is to make the purposes of coal very extensive.7.14 yuans in present one liter of gasoline. this is equivalent to 10 honeycomb briquettes, the price of more than 20 jin of coal. and more than the 20 jin of heat energy that coal produced, be enough to make automobile to leave more than 250 kilometer far away. this unbalance price. the new ancient phenomenon of returning just will appear. what novel external combustion automobile, the external combustion train, the vehicles such as new-generation device systems will arise at the historic moment.
The employed material in combustion chamber can be divided into three major types .a. ferrous materials class .b. refractory material class c. incendiary material class.
A. ferrous materials: combustion chamber material commonly used is the high cast iron of phosphorus content. the combustion chamber of manufacturing with this material, thereby it is not only solid. and not oxidation under furnace high-temperature. reach durable degree. again because its phosphorus content is high, make itself that the effect of certain storage power just be arranged. therefore, also can make it be the vehement fire burns of energy storage chamber.
Make various combustion chambers with common iron material. this material is very extensive. and with reinforcing bar or band iron rounding is exactly a combustion chamber. and the common iron combustion chamber of doing is easy, and to come soon. price is cheap. just is not durable very much. under the stove fire effect, the oxidation decortication very easily damages easily.
B. refractory material. refractory material also has three kinds: ceramic refractory, refractory cement, muddy loess.
The combustion chamber that combustion chamber that combustion chamber that refractory cement is manufactured and ceramic refractory are fired and muddy loess are fired relatively, comparatively speaking, the combustion chamber that refractory cement is manufactured is come soon, durable. the combustion chamber that this material is manufactured, can both store a large amount of heat energy, therefore also can make them be the vehement fire burns of heat accumulation chamber.
The inwall of the vehement fire burns chamber that refractory cement is manufactured is thick more a lot of than cast iron, therefore, thereby it is bigger that it not only occupies the space of combustion chamber. but also also can store a large amount of heat energy and improve combustion chamber temperature. improve the intensity of flame combustion. and the inwall of the vehement fire burns chamber of cylinder iron manufacturing is thin more a lot of than the inwall of the vehement fire burns chamber that refractory cement is manufactured, but that its height will increase is a lot. in case burnt.
C. incendiary material. change the appearance and size and the structure thereof of existing honeycomb briquette, make between them and can create the combustion chamber certainly. the intensity of a fire in the time of just greatly improving gas-fired. just do and be not easy, and also have a series of other scabrous problems.
Do the combustion chamber with bituminous lump coal and also can reach the effect that strengthens the intensity of a fire. still, because the strong convection phenomenon of air, make ground coal burning very not thorough, strengthen the pollution level of air simultaneously. again since the combustion chamber dwindle increase with the powder ash, the ventilatory effect of lastblock honeycomb briquette is weakened.
The technical characterictic of A. vehement fire burns chamber 15 and the effect of each several part thereof.
There are three kinds of structures vehement fire burns chamber 15: i. circular configuration ii. Long Circle structure iii. spheroidal structure
The technical characterictic of A. vehement fire burns chamber 15:
The outer likeness in form short cylinder of vehement fire burns chamber 15 all has crenel at the upper and lower position of short cylinder, and is to be evenly distributed with several, in the upper and lower 10mm position of short cylinder, a circular dead slot is arranged respectively; It between the circular dead slot of the up and down in short cylinder hole, netted peak, netted peak is uniform-distribution with hexagon or manhole in the hole, its pole of figure of hole, netted peak is like the honeycomb of the close utmost point, and its inner wall thickness is consistent, the center of short cylinder have screwed hole or be round tube hole.
The each several part effect of vehement fire burns chamber 15:
The crenel of vehement internal heat pad and circular dead slot are used for dispersed flame, and the inner wall thickness unanimity of vehement internal heat pad is for behind the flame heat inwall, and the internal stress of inwall also is consistent, thereby prolong the service life of combustion chamber; And the bee-hole inwall of the close utmost point also is in order to store a large amount of heat energy, thereby make the extreme temperatures in the hole, peak. the flame intensity of catching fire in hole, peak internal combustion is greatly improved. blue flame from the outset carries out the transition to white heat.This resembles atomization gas in the gas lamp with regard to the utmost point, burning like that in the asbestos guard of high temperature, thereby atomization gas is burnt till incandescent fiery lamp. bright as snow being lighted up night. atomization gas has been burned to limit degree. and this circular dead slot in the 10mm position of cylinder lower end, be for flame is not all concentrated in the hole, peak, but dispersedly, be evenly distributed on inside and outside the circular dead slot inwall in the hole, peak of going to burn.Make it store a large amount of heat energy and be used for improving flame burning intensity.And this circular dead slot in the 10mm position of cylinder upper end, also be for make flame dispersedly, be evenly distributed on inside and outside the circular dead slot baseplane of the lastblock honeycomb briquette that goes to burn.The crenel at the upper and lower position of cylinder, all be for make flame dispersedly, the external diameter position and the honeycomb briquette external diameter position of the vehement fire burns chamber 15 of going to burn.
B. the technical characterictic of the vehement fire burns of Long Circle chamber:
The vehement fire burns of Long Circle chamber is an oval solid figure, is hole, equally distributed netted peak in the thick scope of each limit 10mm of oval solid figure, and all holes, peak all are through holes; Its inner wall thickness is consistent;
The vehement fire burns of Long Circle chamber is used on the long tube revolving boiler.
C. the technical characterictic of the vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber:
The vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber is by two formed circular spheroids in the affixed back of semicircle spheroid, is the bee-hole that gathers on the surface of whole circular spheroid; In circular spheroid inside is the macrofoam body.
The each several part effect of the vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber:
Circular spheroid: be to make the vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber in the burner hearth of spiral calandria boiler, accomplish easily, rolling is placed on the assigned address.The bee-hole that gathers: be to enter circular spheroid inside for air.Macrofoam body: a. is for tying up circular spheroid volume inside, advance portion of air less, advancing a part of coal gas more.B. also be to store a little heat energy by the macrofoam body.Thereby c. be coal gas to be burnt form incandescent fire in little space and high-temperature.
The technical characterictic of D. blue fire burns chamber and the effect of each several part thereof.
The blue fire burns of the technical characterictic of blue internal heat pad chamber is an oblate circle, and its height is right at 35mm
The effect of blue fire burns chamber.
It resembles a very short chimney, play the effect of putting a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw. and flame can be concentrated. flame is the circle internal combustion between two lump coal. a duration and degree of heating is flourishing flame when beginning, after burning one section the time, graduate into blue flame. after producing second duration and degree of heating, oneself is pale blue for its flame. and firepower has improved again a bit. and this blue fire burns chamber is the honeycomb briquette in the circle especially centre, burn coal very thoroughly clean. and honeycomb briquette cylindrical position, owing to there is free air-flow moving. therefore, it is not thorough that honeycomb briquette burns. and this is because of excessive the causing of old-fashioned compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter size. and the internal diameter that needs only from now on compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware narrows down to the suitable size that arrives, just can head it off.
The technical characterictic of flourishing combustion chamber and the effect of each several part thereof.
E. the technical characterictic of flourishing combustion chamber:
Flourishing combustion chamber is a bifurcation font type shape. its height is right at 35mm.
The effect of flourishing combustion chamber each several part.
It is the burner hearth internal combustion of the flame distribution of duration and degree of heating between two lump coal. the area of flame distribution, and more a lot of greatly than the area of the flame distribution of blue fire burns chamber, combustion-supporting gas does not reduce furnace temperature in a large number; Therefore, so flourishing combustion chamber only just graduates into blue flame after second duration and degree of heating produces., but its flame intensity is just low. and it has but overcome blue fire burns chamber unclean shortcoming has been burnt at honeycomb briquette cylindrical position.
(8). the technical characterictic of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9
Burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 has four kinds of structures.
A. be that single long tube: B. is a plurality of long tubes: the spiral long tube of the long tube of C. Long Circle D.
The internal diameter of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is more much smaller than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter, that is because it is very long, so its internal diameter just must be little a lot, to weaken the evil mind coal phenomenon that the air strong convection is caused. and, thicken the thickness of compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, in order to improve its service life. its tapering also will dwindle, and is used for reducing stove a side gate of an imperial palace, thereby reaching the purpose that alleviates overall weight. the air channel of traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware is very wide, and reinforcement is very narrow.And the air channel of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, to improve the service life of compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware.
The technical characterictic of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9:
The length of A. long tube compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware is than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, and is long more than 3 times; The air channel of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and its internal diameter is more much smaller than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter, and more greatly, its tapering also will dwindle its external diameter than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware external diameter;
B.3 long tube is side by side, long tube with long between do not communicate, partition wall is all arranged; The air channel of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and its internal diameter is more much smaller than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter, and more greatly, its tapering also will dwindle its external diameter than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware external diameter;
C. burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is oblong long tube burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware; The air channel of its internal diameter is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and external diameter all is oblong in it, and its length is very long, and certain taper is arranged;
D. burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 is the long tube of spiral calandria compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, and the air channel of its internal diameter is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, does not have tapering, is the long tube compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware of very long very long spiral ascending manner.
(9). the technical characterictic of runing rest 14 and the effect of each several part:
The technical characterictic of runing rest 14:
Runing rest 14 is made up of two A-frames and rectangle base and two cylinders; All there is individual cylinder termination at each A-frame, and cylinder becomes the T font with A-frame, Joint, and two A-frames bottom and rectangle base, Joint, two A-frames stand opposite each other at a distance, and two cylinders on two A-frames are wanted symmetry and with one heart; Have a slab that is standing to be fixed in the lateral surface of cylinder, there is individual bolt hole the end on the slab.
The effect of the each several part of runing rest 14:
Runing rest 14 is used for supporting body of heater 8, and makes body of heater 8 unsettled, so that body of heater 8 rotations.Two cylinders on the runing rest 14 are enclosed within respectively on the external diameter of body of heater supporting leg 12, and cylinder and body of heater supporting leg 12 are movingly.Founding slab and be used for affixed swivel joint 26 by hexagon socket head cap screw 25.
(10). the technical characterictic of swivel joint 26 and the effect of each several part:
The technical characterictic of swivel joint 26:
The outer likeness in form elbow of swivel joint 26 is large diameter long cylinder in the horizontal direction of elbow, in the internal diameter of long cylinder several is arranged, arranged side by side, equidistant annular dead slot and annular dead slot retaining have a slab that is standing to be fixed in the lateral surface of long cylinder, there is individual bolt hole the end on the slab; The vertical direction of elbow is an elongated water pipe, in water pipe head place gas thread is arranged.
The effect of the each several part of swivel joint 26:
The annular dead slot is in order to adorn O-ring seals 13.Slab be connecting piece also be used for position rotating joint 26 do not make its rotation.Bolt hole on the slab is to be hexagon socket head cap screw 25, links that two slabs use.Gas thread is used for linking water pipe.
Characteristic feature of an invention
1. new stove and accessory can be accomplished limit degree ground saving coal resource, and limit degree ground uses coal gas, and the combustion intensity of coal gas is burnt best, utilizes heat energy limit degree.
2. behind the body of heater Rotate 180 degree of new stove and accessory, A. begins the reverse burning honeycomb briquette.Rekindling nethermost coal, singly is not to burn weak kindling, and it is dryouied only, reaches the purpose of province's coal.B. increased a kind of new mode of banking up a fire.Strong fire can also be become very hot oven during reverse burning, very hot oven becomes moderate heat, die down fire even extinguish of moderate heat.But feedwater of C. new stove and accessory center and center draining.
3. the duration and degree of heating of new stove and accessory has 1 meter far away from fire door and smoke tube mouth, and duration and degree of heating has been passed to honeycomb briquette and vehement fire burns chamber 15 to the heat energy overwhelming majority that produces, and its heat loss is very little.
4. new stove and accessory has two to more than tens duration and degree of heatings, and the intensity of a fire can make gas-fired arrive best with regard to very large, vehement fire burns chamber 15, has reduced the pollution of coal smoke to environment, has also improved the utilization rate of coal.
5. the rectangle chimney is higher than circular chimney from the heat energy of the very near absorption of coal smoke.Its heat energy is drawn by the water in the water tank again.Utilize heat energy substantially.
6. after new stove and accessory produces five duration and degree of heatings, in this section temperature has reached high-temperature region about 1200 ℃.Just with in the coal and airborne, all molecular gas that contain hydrogen and oxygen have decomposed out, oxygen molecule is combustion-supporting, hydrogen and carbon molecule then become fuel and have been utilized.
7. close when the total intensity of a fire when new stove and accessory is banked up a fire and the very hot oven of old stove and accessory.Therefore economize coal.
8. new stove and accessory is that the coal gas in the coal cinder is not burning out, and the coal cinder deblocking temperature is not reduced to normal temperature and never discharged.This just uses coal gas to greatest extent, maximally utilises heat energy.
9. new stove and accessory is that coal is close to heat-transfer surface, and toasts water or steam in the heating boiler with self heat energy.This mode can maximally utilise heat energy.
10. the burner hearth of new stove and accessory 1. is big capacity, and the coal of one-tenth is many, but little space, because honeycomb briquette is close to heat-transfer surface.Another " little space " is that coal gas is to burn in the little space that reaches bee-hole up and down of vehement internal heat pad.And vehement internal heat advance capital for body be energy storage or be heat-storage medium, coal gas burns in energy-accumulating medium, its Controllable Temperature is built in about 900 ℃.Coal gas burns in heat-storage medium, and its temperature can reach more than 1200 ℃.It must be incandescent fire that coal gas burns in such high temperature.This is the top that gas-fired is arrived.Be limit degree used coal gas.2. can control duration and degree of heating quantity, reach the purpose that is sparing in the use of coal.
11. new stove and accessory adopts nature to give wind, upwards smoke evacuation, rather than force to give wind.Therefore, the hot-air property that flows is poor, again owing to be many duration and degree of heatings, makes the preheating of air can be more than 800 ℃.Thereby the heat energy utilization rate is improved, also can make the furnace temperature of heat-transfer surface, be controlled at 300-850 ℃ of degree on a large scale in.Naturally also can save the power loss of fan and air-introduced machine to wind, save a large amount of electric energy.
12. the coal that new stove and accessory adds is many, so be more than 27 hours burning time. and have the constant temperature intensity of a fire and the stationary temperature that reaches about 12 hours. therefore, the benefit of have province's coal, save time, save trouble, saving worry.This just provides a comfortable working environment to people and sleeps relievedly and spend this casual disrespectful long night greatly and warmly.
13. new stove and accessory is to burn gas.Honeycomb briquette in layer burns, and unnecessary coal gas is along the inboard wall of burner hearth external diameter of coal combustion up. circulation repeatedly, 7-8 lump coal has 4-6 hour and just can be burned to the top.After 4 honeycomb briquettes were gasified, formed blue flare was just up to 50 centimeters. and firepower is very powerful, and this is the phenomenon that people are difficult to see. and this is the not contingent thing of general traditional cellular coal stove.
14. the coal that new stove and accessory the becomes times of burning long more, is difficult for flame-out. the number of times of lighting a fire is just few a lot.Reduced the trouble when lighting a fire, and deslagging is also convenient. under furnace bottom, directly discharge cinder one by one. efficiently. reduced the pollution of coal smoke again to environment.Smolder less and improve the service life that makes chimney.
When 15. new stove and accessory is lit a fire very easily.
16. very environmental protection has been made after the fire, just again can't see black smoke, white cigarette emits also seldom. be to can't see for a long time to smolder basically. and this is highly beneficial to environment
17. new stove and accessory is when adding new coal, the intensity of a fire is not fallen, and is temperature-resistant. do not press the phenomenon of fire extinguishing flame.The flare of ground coal still burns very prosperously. can be when not adding new coal, and pollute the environment,
18. top temperature is high, can produce a large amount of steams, makes new stove and accessory purposes very extensive, as snow melting, cut ice, external combustion car, and generating etc.
19... new stove and accessory is to discharge a large amount of heat energy by body of heater, the heating of cooking of heating up water of available body of heater. the heat energy that chimney is discharged is few.
The specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1: the rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 of long tube rotation stove and accessory is an one with the rectangle chimney that Qi Bao is praising, and the short rectangle joint of the chimney of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 is inserted in the end face exhaust opening of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5; In the great circle fire door of the upper surface of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 upper fire cover 1 is housed, leaks in order to reduce flue gas, the baseplane of upper fire cover 1 hangs down a bit than the lower surface of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5; Three bolts 7 of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5 usefulness are fixed on the body of heater 8; Stockhole upper end at body of heater 8 is a upper cylinder half rim 6, individual cannelure is arranged in the internal diameter of upper cylinder half rim 6, the cannelure upper surface, three impartial boss gap distribute, three boss of moderate heat lid 4 enter in the cannelure of upper cylinder half rim 6, after rotating to an angle to the right just by these three boss gap, be positioned in the cannelure, make moderate heat lid 4 play up and down; Upper surface at moderate heat lid 4 is an exhaust adjustable plate 3, exhaust adjustable plate 3 is used for regulating the exhaust outlet size, it on the center of exhaust adjustable plate 3 coal holder 2, threaded adjusting is passed through in coal holder 2, withstand honeycomb briquette with round tray, when body of heater 8 Rotate 180s °, do not make honeycomb briquette play up and down in burner hearth; Form an exhaust chamber 23 between the lower surface of the round tray of coal holder 2 and moderate heat lid 4, exhaust chamber 23 is for supply and exhaust a space of buffering to be arranged; When being close to honeycomb briquette, do not put out on moderate heat lid 4 if there is the space of this buffering that stove fire is stopped up; In the bottom of upper cylinder half rim 6 are burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, in burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9, nine honeycomb briquettes 17 are housed, and are vehement fire burns chamber 15 between every honeycomb briquette, have seven; In the lower end of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9 are following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circles 20, in the internal diameter of following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20, individual cannelure is arranged, the cannelure lower surface, three impartial boss gap distribute, three boss of lower fire cover 19 just by these three boss gap, enter down in the cannelure of compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20, after rotating to an angle to the right, be positioned in the cannelure, make lower fire cover 19 play up and down; The inlet plenum 18 that has gas storage to use in the upper surface of lower fire cover 19, inlet plenum 18 are that preheated air is used; Be connected with lime-ash tube 28 in the lower surface of lower fire cover 19, lime-ash tube 28 is sleeved on the lateral surface of pearlite insulating layer 27, be connected with a shape lock groove again in the lower surface of lime-ash tube 28, air inlet adjustment plate 21 is housed in it, door shape lock groove and air inlet adjustment plate 21 are movingly, and air inlet adjustment plate 21 is used for regulating air inflow; Middle part, external diameter both sides at body of heater 8, two water pipe heads are arranged, be respectively feed pipe 24 under the center, in drainpipe 11 in the heart, they be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the body of heater 8, the bottom of feed pipe 24 is root square tubes under the center, square tube and body of heater 8 are affixed, and square tube lower end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of body of heater 8 and is fixed on the body of heater 8; In same in the heart the top of drainpipe 11 also be the root square tube, square tube and body of heater 8 are affixed, square tube upper end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of body of heater 8, and is fixed on the body of heater 8; These two water pipes are also held a concurrent post body of heater supporting leg 12 simultaneously; For making 360 ° of body of heater 8 rotations, just must feed water and the center drainage measure at the employing center,, adopt feedwater of layout center and center draining in order to reduce the floor space of a side in the external diameter two sides of body of heater 8; Center feedwater and center water vent can coexist on external diameter one side of body of heater 8, and this is in order to simplify the installation of water pipe; This dual mode can be decided according to actual conditions; Two body of heater supporting legs 12 just are contained in two cylinders on the runing rest 14, and body of heater supporting leg 12 is movingly with cylinder; After packaging two body of heater supporting legs 12, again that the runing rest that separates is affixed or be welded as a whole; Runing rest 14 makes body of heater 8 unsettled, and can make body of heater 8 do 360 ° of rotations; In in the heart on the joint external diameter of drainpipe 11 and under the center on the joint external diameter of feed pipe 24, swivel joint 26 all is housed; In four cannelures of two swivel joints 26, O-ring seals 13 all is housed, O-ring seals 13 be set on the joint external diameter of feed pipe 24 under the center and in the heart on the joint external diameter of drainpipe 11, be close, the sliding fit of envelope; Two swivel joints 26 all are by the landing nipple plate of hexagon socket head cap screw 25 with the cylinder top of runing rest 14 both sides, and are affixed; In fact swivel joint 26 does not rotate, and is immovably, rotation be body of heater 8; It is effect by O-ring seals for a swivel joint 26, can make body of heater 8, in 360 ° scope, on the optional position, can both the assurance center under feed pipe 24 and in drainpipe 11 in the heart, these two water pipe heads place are water-tight also not to become flat; Be wrapped in pearlite insulating layer 27 on the lateral surface of body of heater 8, it is used for being 10 insulations of boiler water jacket.
(1). it is very easily that a long tube rotation warming stove is lit a fire. it is from the furnace bottom down-firing: the process of lighting a fire is such. at first body of heater 8 by vertical placement, change horizontal positioned into, promptly keep flat. then just in body of heater, add two of honeycomb briquettes, between two honeycomb briquettes, add 1 blue internal heat pad. good bituminous coal and firewood sign indicating number behind coal then, oiling staple or other combustibles are all right behind firewood, more oily staple are lighted. use the coal cinder backing again; At first open air inlet adjustment plate 21.Three the boss opening positions of three boss of lower fire cover 19, enter down in the cannelure of compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20 again, after rotating to an angle to the right, be positioned in the cannelure, make lower fire cover 19 play up and down from following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle 20.Then body of heater is rotated to be vertical placement, connect chimney, cover upper fire cover 1 and get final product.Just can give birth to fire in about more than 30 minutes.After 40 minutes, just can be on every honeycomb briquette, add 15, such one group one group ground, vehement fire burns chamber, be put near fire door toward the burner hearth ISN, withstand honeycomb briquette with coal holder 2, three the boss opening positions of three boss of moderate heat lid 4, enter in the cannelure of upper cylinder half rim 6, after rotating to an angle to the right again from upper cylinder half rim 6, be positioned in the cannelure, make moderate heat lid 4 play up and down.Open exhaust adjustable plate 3 again.
(2). the continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings combustion process:
Warming stove light a fire light the 1st honeycomb briquette after, form first duration and degree of heating 16.First duration and degree of heating is in blue fire burns Indoor Combustion, and toasts the 2nd honeycomb briquette.After the 2nd honeycomb briquette burnt a red part, just produce coal gas, and burning becomes blue flame, coal gas is burning lentamente in the passage of honeycomb briquette, in burning self, also toasting vehement fire burns chamber 15, red until vehement fire burns chamber 15 is also burnt, just formed second duration and degree of heating.After this duration and degree of heating makes the 3rd honeycomb briquette be burnt a red part again, just produce coal gas, and burning becomes light blue flame, burning lentamente in the passage of honeycomb briquette, in burning self, also toasting vehement fire burns chamber 15, red until vehement fire burns chamber 15 is also burnt, just formed the 3rd duration and degree of heating.After this duration and degree of heating makes the 4th honeycomb briquette be burnt a red part again, just produce coal gas, and burn into light blue flame, burning lentamente in the passage of honeycomb briquette, in burning self, also toasting vehement fire burns chamber 15, red until vehement fire burns chamber 15 is also burnt, just formed the 4th duration and degree of heating.At this moment firepower is powerful.Gradually become incandescent fire by pale blue flame.The flame of second duration and degree of heating and the 3rd duration and degree of heating be cannot see color by this.Flame burns till the vehement fire burns of heat accumulation chamber 15 flavous.About about 1200 ℃ of temperature in the vehement fire burns chamber 15.Coal gas is to have about 1200 ℃ at two aglow coal-fired middle peace treaties, burns in the hole, peak of the vehement fire burns chamber 15 of excessive temperature.This in asbestos yarn net, is burnt till incandescent fire, taking night as daytime just like the atomization gas in the gas lamp.Therefore, can conclude gas-fired, oneself reaches incandescent fiery degree.The 4th duration and degree of heating still is pale blue flame when beginning, when coal in silid burnt red after, its flame just becomes gradually and is incandescent fire.At this moment be four duration and degree of heatings, again the 6th lump coal heated.Because combustion-supporting gas is not separated from flame in 1200 ℃ high temperature, become thermal current and rise to moderate heat lid 4, its heat slowly toasts moisture content and the vehement fire burns chamber 15 in the 7th, 8,9 three lump coal again.And the 6th lump coal is blazed up, form the 5th duration and degree of heating.After new stove and accessory produced five duration and degree of heatings, air was when having reached 4 duration and degree of heatings about 1200 ℃ and 15 this section high-temperature regions, vehement fire burns chamber by temperature.Just with in the coal and airborne, all molecular gas that contain hydrogen and oxygen have decomposed out, oxygen molecule is combustion-supporting, hydrogen and carbon molecule then become fuel and have been utilized.Do not understand like this and just be difficult to the imagination, the oxygen behind five duration and degree of heatings is from where.Airborne oxygen content has only 20.94%, these oxygen are when 4 duration and degree of heatings that pass through 1200 ℃ of high temperature and vehement fire burns chamber 15, should airborne oxygen depletedly use up to this moment? after forming the 4th duration and degree of heating, oneself rapidly forms its intensity of a fire, and firepower is very powerful.After forming the 5th duration and degree of heating.All at the coal gas that blazing, firepower is very powerful in the whole long tube burner hearth, and blue flare is up to very shape sight more than the 500mm.Therefore, replacing the bituminous coal warming stove with cellular coal stove, will be a long tube rotation warming stove development trend from now on.Come to this in a word, circulation forms numerous duration and degree of heatings repeatedly successively.This forward combustion, duration and degree of heating are to burn more and more, and the intensity of a fire is increasing, and its flame combustion intensity also is more and more stronger.And air strong convection phenomenon is weakened by this another duration and degree of heating interception exactly, so it can not form air strong convection phenomenon.Therefore, the always strong intensity of a fire of middle duration and degree of heating, and the duration and degree of heating on top is the very hot oven gesture.The very hot oven gesture just can become the strong intensity of a fire after having only the strong intensity of a fire to die down.This burning feature of new firing method.Air is flowed slow down, thereby make thermal current, the holdup time in stove, long a lot.Improved the heat energy utilization rate.Because hot gas all rises to moderate heat lid 4, and accumulation of heat is in honeycomb briquette and vehement fire burns chamber 15.Honeycomb briquette is close to the heat-transfer surface of upper furnace again, and heat-transfer surface is iron heat-transfer surface, and therefore, heat energy is passed to the water in the boiler water jacket 10 soon.Because hot gas concentrates on the heat-transfer surface place, the high 300-850 of its temperature ℃, water is seethed with excitement soon, and produce a large amount of steams again.Behind four duration and degree of heatings of its tangible generation, the temperature of heat-transfer surface is just up to just having produced a large amount of steams more than 300 ℃.
In order to maximally utilise coal gas and its heat energy that is produced.Just need the enhancement of the control intensity of a fire, must turn down the exhaust adjustable plate 3 of the air inlet adjustment plate 21 of lower fire cover 19 and moderate heat lid 4, control air inflow and capacity well, make duration and degree of heating form certain amount, about below three for well.Thereby form the constant temperature intensity of a fire, and remain on a comfortable temperature environment.Help working and learning like this, it is big also to sleep relievedly, and can spend this all the long, dark night warmly.This stylish stove and accessory is under the state of banking up a fire exactly, and also because of its duration and degree of heating is many, its intensity of a fire is but still very prosperous.Therefore, not only economize coal, but also save trouble, more save time.
(3). in order to maximally utilise coal resource, long tube rotation stove and accessory has adopted the reverse burning honeycomb briquette.The importance of reverse burning:
1. after 180 ° of the long tube rotation warming stove counter-rotatings, honeycomb briquette just begins reverse burning.But its flame still burns up.Just will be original all, duration and degree of heating down, its flame has then begun upwards reverse burning.Thereby changed original burning direction.Originally uppermost first duration and degree of heating now changes nethermost last duration and degree of heating into.This original first duration and degree of heating has been extinguished with regard to bright-coloured slowly by very hot oven.And that duration and degree of heating of original foot then becomes moderate heat at leisure by low baking temperature and has burnt.General forward combustion 3 hours, reverse burning 1 hour.The temporal regularity of reverse burning: by about 1/3rd calculating of just burning, more satisfactory approximately.The overlong time of reverse burning surpassed after 3 hours, even the originally strong intensity of a fire, stove fire also can extinguish slowly bright-colouredly.So, the time of reverse burning, definitely can not be long.
2. reverse burning can be burning out the low baking temperature coal, no longer includes the evil mind coal and exist.Be limit degree ground coal method, also be limit degree utilize one of mode of coal gas.
3. reverse burning is 1 hour, has more more than 1 hour time exactly.Its duration and degree of heating of reverse burning burns fewer and fewer, and the intensity of a fire is that burning more weak and more weak is to develop to negative direction.Therefore, just greatly prolonged total burning time.
4. reverse burning is a kind of new mode of banking up a fire, and it resembles and promptly changes the strong intensity of a fire bringing to a halt.It also is a kind of new method of controlling intensity of a fire development.
5. reverse burning can maximally utilise heat energy again.Because as long as you have changed burning direction, so, the very hot oven head is just inevitable down, therefore, and also just away from smoke tube mouth.Heat-energy losses is just little a lot.
6. owing to be to circulate to carry out forward and reverse burning repeatedly, make stove fire be in a kind of harmonious combustion state, and, can keep the constant temperature intensity of a fire of long period, i.e. the state of banking up a fire of moderate heat.Therefore, make the indoor a home from home that the long period is arranged.
(4). when adopting the reverse burning honeycomb briquette, must cover 4 to moderate heat and fix, and honeycomb briquette be withstood with coal holder 2.Do not make honeycomb briquette play up and down in burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware 9.After carrying out above-mentioned work, can remove the spacing club of body of heater both sides.To grow tube rotation stove and accessory Rotate 180 °.Carry out the reverse burning honeycomb briquette.
(5). in order to improve the heat energy utilization rate,, insert the short rectangle joint of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 at the exhaust opening of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 5.The design of this anti-convention is for tobacco tar is flowed in the stove, thereby free from environmental pollution, the service life of also having improved rectangle water feather cockscomb 22.Because the rectangle chimney in the rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 is flat side, therefore, coal smoke is close to flat side's chimney face.Make the heat energy in the coal smoke, can pass to the water in the rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 soon.By this, from the circular interface of rectangle water feather cockscomb 22 upper end elbows, the coal smoke of emerging all is cool in the overwhelming majority time.Be only warm when having only duration and degree of heating to burn the body of heater middle and upper part.In order to make full use of heat energy, preferably will go up the position, middle and lower part that duration and degree of heating is controlled at body of heater.

Claims (11)

  1. Long tube rotation stove and accessory is the abbreviation of four kinds of new coal stoves: both long tube revolving burner, long tube rotation warming stove, long tube revolving boiler, spiral calandria boiler;
    1. a long tube rotation stove and accessory be by rectangle water feather cockscomb (22), coal holder (2), exhaust adjustable plate (3), moderate heat lid (4), stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5), upper cylinder half rim (6), body of heater (8), burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9), in feed pipe (24), swivel joint (26) under drainpipe (11), runing rest (14), vehement fire burns chamber (15), inlet plenum (18), lower fire cover (19), air inlet adjustment plate (21), exhaust chamber (23), the center in the heart, wait parts to form; It is characterized in that: rectangle water feather cockscomb (22) is an one with the rectangle chimney that its bag is being praised, and the short rectangle joint of the chimney of rectangle water feather cockscomb (22) is inserted in the end face exhaust opening of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5); In the great circle fire door of the upper end of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5), upper fire cover (1) is housed; Stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5) lower end is fixed on the body of heater (8) with three bolts (7); In the stockhole upper end of body of heater (8) is that upper cylinder half rim (6) is affixed with body of heater (8), and moderate heat lid (4) is housed in the cannelure of upper cylinder half rim (6); Upper surface at moderate heat lid (4) is exhaust adjustable plate (3), is coal holder (2) on the center of exhaust adjustable plate (3), and the lower surface of the pallet of coal holder (2) and moderate heat lid (4) forms exhaust chamber (23); In the little inner cylinder lower end of body of heater (8) is burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9), and burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is also affixed in the middle inner cylinder of body of heater (8), and in the upper surface of following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle (20); In the burner hearth of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9), honeycomb briquette (17) is housed, vehement fire burns chamber (15) is arranged between every honeycomb briquette; In the lower end of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle (20); Lower fire cover (19) is positioned at down in the cannelure of compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle (20); Between the upper surface of lower fire cover (19) and circle fire grate, form inlet plenum (18); Be connected with lime-ash tube (28) in the lower surface of lower fire cover 19, lime-ash tube (28) is sleeved on the lateral surface of pearlite insulating layer (27), is connected with a shape lock groove again in the lower surface of lime-ash tube (28), and air inlet adjustment plate (21) is housed in it; On two lateral surface middle parts of body of heater (8), have feed pipe under the center (24) and in drainpipe (11) in the heart, they be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the body of heater (8); The root position of water pipe is held a concurrent post the effect of body of heater supporting leg (12) simultaneously; Body of heater supporting leg (12) just is contained in the cylinder of the both sides on the runing rest (14); O-ring seals (13) in the cannelure of two swivel joints (26), be set on the joint external diameter of feed pipe under the center (24) and in the heart on the joint external diameter of drainpipe (11); Two swivel joints (26) all are by the landing nipple plate of hexagon socket head cap screw 25 with the cylinder top of runing rest 14 both sides, and are affixed; On the lateral surface of body of heater 8, be wrapped in pearlite insulating layer 27;
    The continuous harmonious combustion method of many duration and degree of heatings is characterized in that: necessary long tube stove and the coal-fired combustion chamber of wound certainly or the combustion chamber components of interpolation that uses various bodies.
  2. 2. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    Rectangle water feather cockscomb (22) is characterized in that:
    Rectangle water feather cockscomb (22) is a rectangle tubular, it hermetically, be wrapped in therein that the rectangle chimney of heart position is an one, in a side of water feather cockscomb, all there is water swivel at upper and lower position; The upper end of water feather cockscomb is the elbow of rectangle chimney, and the elbow mouth is rounded, and the lower end of water feather cockscomb is a rectangular planes, and in the lower end of rectangular planes, centre bit is equipped with a short rectangle joint.
  3. 3. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    Stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5) is characterized in that:
    The upper end of stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire (5) is a rectangular planes, and individual rectangle exhaust opening is arranged in the plane, and exhaust opening and great circle fire door have certain distance, and tangent with it; The stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire lower end is a cylinder, has individual small stair, small stair bottom that three bolts hole are arranged in the cylinder bottom, in cylinder sides individual boss is arranged, and boss top is exhaust opening.
  4. 4. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    In in the heart under drainpipe (11) and the center feed pipe (24) it is characterized in that:
    In in the heart under drainpipe (11) and the center feed pipe (24) all form by circle water pipe and square tube; The circle water pipe is in the position, an end of square tube, and the circle water pipe becomes 90 ° of layouts with square tube, and the circle water pipe communicates with square tube and be affixed, and also seals; At the other end of square tube, and individual slotted hole is arranged with the position, an end of relative another lateral surface of circle water pipe, the two ends of square tube be seal close.
  5. 5. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    The body of heater (8) of A. long tube revolving burner is characterized in that:
    Body of heater (8) is long cylinder, in long cylinder external diameter middle part, be equipped with symmetry, external diameter is identical, and is concentric water pipe head, both body of heater supporting legs (12); At long cylinder, there are upper cylinder half rim (6) and following compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware circle (20) in upper and lower end head position, in long cylinder upper and lower end head position 3 bolts hole is arranged respectively;
    B. long tube rotation warming stove, body of heater (8) is characterized in that:
    Body of heater (8) is by long outer cylinder, goes up fire door, middle fire door, fire door down, feed pipe (24) under middle inner cylinder, little inner cylinder, the center, in drainpipe (11), composition such as body of heater supporting leg (12) body of etc.ing in the heart; Long outer cylinder, with last fire door, middle fire door, fire door down, and in inner cylinder and little inner cylinder affixed after, forms one inside and outside overall structure double-deck, that seal; The integrally-built centre double-deck inside and outside this is boiler water jacket (10); Two water pipe heads are arranged, be respectively feed pipe under the center (24), in drainpipe (11) in the heart, they be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the middle part, external diameter two sides of long outer cylinder; Body of heater supporting leg (12) is fixed on the long outer cylinder under stiffener auxiliary; The bottom of feed pipe under the center (24) is the root square tube, and square tube and long outer cylinder are affixed, and square tube lower end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of long outer cylinder and is fixed on the long outer cylinder; In same in the heart the top of drainpipe (11) also be the root square tube, square tube and long outer cylinder are affixed, square tube upper end side has individual slotted hole to communicate with the slotted hole of growing outer cylinder and is fixed on the long outer cylinder; Two square tubes they be one one down last, is dislocation ground, symmetrically; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at oval urceolus, at long outer cylinder lower end water out adapter are housed, and two water out adapters are symmetrically and in the same side; Upper and lower side head position in long outer cylinder all is evenly distributed with three positioning bolt holes;
    The body of heater (8) of C. long tube revolving boiler is characterized in that:
    Body of heater (8) is by oval urceolus, oval fire door, oval middle fire door, the oval fire door down gone up, inner core, oval little inner core, body of heater supporting leg (12), supporting leg stiffener in oval, and feed pipe (24) under the annular gas bag, reheater, Long Circle burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9), center, etc. body form; Oval urceolus, with oval go up fire door, oval in fire door, oval fire door down, and double-deck close overall structure of envelope inside and outside inner core and the affixed back of oval little inner core form in oval; The integrally-built centre double-deck inside and outside this is boiler water jacket (10); The annular gas bag is in last fire door upper surface, and is and affixed with last fire door, and an interface of annular gas bag communicates also affixed with the last exhaust outlet of boiler water jacket (10), annular gas bag another interface communicate also affixed with the interface of reheater; Another interface of reheater, both high pressure gas outlets, the center and the body of heater supporting leg (12) that are arranged in body of heater supporting leg (12) are affixed, and the reheater comb is arranged in the lower end and oval middle inner core of oval little inner core, the upper part of body of heater supporting leg (12); Two body of heater supporting legs (12), be symmetrically, with one heart, be fixed on the two lateral surface centres of oval urceolus, the supporting leg gusset plate is all arranged; The lower end of reheater comb is a Long Circle burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9); Feed pipe under the center (24) is fixed in the lateral surface of oval urceolus, and (both in the pipe of body of heater supporting leg (12)) is affixed with body of heater supporting leg (12) in the center of body of heater supporting leg (12); The lower end of feed pipe under the center (24) is the root square tube, and feed pipe is affixed and communicate under square tube and the center; The slotted hole of the lower end of square tube joins with the slotted hole of oval urceolus and communicates; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at oval urceolus, at oval urceolus lower end water out adapter are housed, and two water out adapters are symmetrically and on the same side.
    D. the body of heater of spiral calandria boiler (8) is characterized in that:
    Body of heater (8) is by very long spiral pipe urceolus, with upper, middle and lower, three fire doors, inner core in the very long spiral pipe, the very long little inner core of spiral pipe, body of heater supporting leg (12), and annular gas bag, reheater, burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, etc. body form; Spiral pipe urceolus and upper, middle and lower, three fire doors, and the spiral pipe in the overall structure of inner core and the affixed back of the little inner core of the spiral pipe double-deck sealing inside and outside forming; The close integrally-built centre of envelope double-deck inside and outside this is boiler water jacket (10); The annular gas bag is in last fire door upper surface, and is and affixed with last fire door, and an interface of annular gas bag communicates also affixed with the last exhaust outlet of boiler water jacket (10), annular gas bag another interface communicate also affixed with the interface of reheater; Another interface of reheater is fixed in body of heater location pipe, is in the center of body of heater center of circle pipe, is set with swivel joint (26) on the interface external diameter of reheater; Body of heater center of circle pipe is in the center of the big cannelure of spiral calandria boiler lower end, and body of heater center of circle Guan Yuda cannelure is affixed; Big cannelure is fixed on the concrete pedestal of its lower surface by bolt; The reheater comb is fixed in the lower end of the little inner core of spiral pipe and the spiral pipe in the inner core; The lower end of reheater comb is the body of heater compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware; Feed pipe (24) is affixed with spiral pipe urceolus and communicate the lateral surface in its lower end; Safety valve and water out adapter also are equipped with in upper end at spiral pipe urceolus, at spiral pipe urceolus lower end water out adapter are housed;
    Very long spiral pipe urceolus is with the inclination angle more than 10 °, spiralling; Affixed in the lower surface of spiral pipe urceolus, and, be to be evenly distributed with five supporting legs that length is different, rotatable wheel is housed in supporting leg, five wheels are in conplane big cannelure.The supporting leg wheel is that the axle center rotates whole spiral calandria boiler in big cannelure with body of heater center of circle pipe.
  6. 6. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    A. moderate heat lid (4) is characterized in that:
    Moderate heat lid (4) is made up of circle lid, exhaust adjustable plate (3), coal holder (2) and nut; On the external diameter of fire lid circle lid end face equally distributed three boss are arranged, cover at circle and be distributed with 4 equidistant circular holes, 4 circular holes are close to the internal diameter of circle lid; There is individual boss center, other end at the circle lid, is screwed hole at the boss center; Exhaust adjustable plate (3) is enclosed within on the boss, and in circle lid, and movingly, that 4 equidistant circular holes that also 4 equidistant circular holes on the exhaust adjustable plate (3), circular hole and circle cover distribution are wanted is concentric, with justifying; Coal holder (2) is housed in the screwed hole at boss center, and nut is screwed on the screw thread of coal holder (2), is used for pushing down exhaust adjustable plate (3).
    B. coal holder (2) is characterized in that:
    Coal holder (2) is an elongated threaded bar, is bulb in elongated threaded bar lower end, and ball-head cover is contained in the blind hole of boss, and bulb and blind hole are movingly; Affixed round tray in the lower surface of boss, round tray in the form of sheets.
    C. lower fire cover (19) is characterized in that:
    Lower fire cover is by the circle lid, and part such as circle fire grate, column, boss, air inlet adjustment plate (21), lime-ash tube (28) is formed; On the external diameter of circle lid end face equally distributed three boss are arranged, lime-ash tube (28) is fixed on the lower surface of circle lid, and door shape lock groove is fixed in again on the lower surface of lime-ash tube, and air inlet adjustment plate (21) movingly is housed in door shape lock groove; There are three columns upper surface at circle lid, and there is individual circle fire grate on the plane on three columns, and the space that forms between upper surface that circle covers and circle fire grate is exactly an inlet plenum 18.
  7. 7. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    A. vehement fire burns chamber (15) is characterized in that:
    The outer likeness in form short cylinder of vehement fire burns chamber (15) all has crenel at the upper and lower position of short cylinder, and is to be evenly distributed with several, in the upper and lower 10mm position of short cylinder, a circular dead slot is arranged respectively; It between the circular dead slot of the up and down in short cylinder hole, netted peak, netted peak is uniform-distribution with hexagon or manhole in the hole, its pole of figure of hole, netted peak is like the honeycomb of the close utmost point, and its inner wall thickness is consistent, the center of short cylinder be screwed hole or be round tube hole.
    B. the technical characterictic of the vehement fire burns of Long Circle chamber:
    The vehement fire burns of Long Circle chamber is an oval solid figure, is hole, equally distributed netted peak in the thick scope of each limit 10mm of oval solid figure, and all holes, peak all are through holes; Its inner wall thickness is consistent;
    C. the technical characterictic of the vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber:
    The vehement fire burns of spheroidal chamber is by two formed circular spheroids in the affixed back of semicircle spheroid, is the bee-hole that gathers on the surface of whole circular spheroid; In circular spheroid inside is the macrofoam body.
    D. blue fire burns chamber is characterized in that:
    Blue fire burns chamber is an oblate circle, and its height is right at 35mm
    E. flourishing combustion chamber is characterized in that:
    Flourishing combustion chamber is a bifurcation font type shape. its height is right at 35mm.
  8. 8. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    Burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is characterized in that:
    The length of A. long tube burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware is than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, and is long more than 3 times; The air channel of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and its internal diameter is more much smaller than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter, and more greatly, its tapering also will dwindle its external diameter than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware external diameter;
    B.3 long tube is side by side, long tube with long between do not communicate, partition wall is all arranged; The air channel of burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and its internal diameter is more much smaller than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware internal diameter, and more greatly, its tapering also will dwindle its external diameter than traditional compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware external diameter;
    C. burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is an oblong long tube burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware; The air channel of its internal diameter is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, and external diameter all is oblong in it, and its length is very long, and certain taper is arranged;
    D. burner hearth compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware (9) is the long tube of a spiral calandria compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware, and the air channel of its internal diameter is very narrow, and reinforcement is very wide, does not have tapering, is the long tube compound of sand, clay, etc. for making earthenware of very long spiral ascending manner.
  9. 9. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    Runing rest (14) is characterized in that:
    Runing rest (14) is made up of two A-frames and rectangle base and two cylinders; All there is individual cylinder termination at each A-frame, and cylinder becomes the T font with A-frame, Joint, and two A-frames bottom and rectangle base, Joint, two A-frames stand opposite each other at a distance, and two cylinders on two A-frames are wanted symmetry and with one heart; Have a slab that is standing to be fixed in the lateral surface of cylinder, there is individual bolt hole the end on the slab.
  10. 10. according to the said long tube rotation stove and accessory of claim (1):
    Swivel joint (26) is characterized in that:
    The outer likeness in form elbow of swivel joint (26); Horizontal direction at elbow is large diameter long cylinder, in the internal diameter of long cylinder several is arranged, and arranged side by side, equidistant annular dead slot and annular dead slot retaining have a slab that is standing to be fixed in the lateral surface of long cylinder, and there is individual bolt hole the end on the slab; The vertical direction of elbow is an elongated water pipe, in water pipe head place gas thread is arranged.
CN 201110055245 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Multi-fire head continuous balanced combustion method and long-tube rotary stove derived therefrom Expired - Fee Related CN102183044B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102183044B CN102183044B (en) 2012-12-26

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104121575A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 张启凤 Internal combustion method
CN110207149A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-09-06 大厂回族自治县启凤节能环保科技有限公司 The design principle and method of honeycomb briquette gas furnace
CN113994155A (en) * 2019-05-31 2022-01-28 法雷奥热商业车辆德国有限公司 Electric heater

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0035908A1 (en) * 1980-03-11 1981-09-16 Erno Biro Heating apparatus for burning solid fuels, primarily to meet the heat demand of dwellings
CN2036622U (en) * 1988-06-01 1989-04-26 王立平 Hot-air heater of honeycomb briquet stove
CN2073996U (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-03-27 邓昕羽 High efficiency energy-saving hot water box for coal stove
CN2169780Y (en) * 1993-09-30 1994-06-22 高亚亭 Energy saving honeycomb briquet stove
CN2387408Y (en) * 1999-04-02 2000-07-12 付一均 Honeycomb briquette discharging device for bee hive stove

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0035908A1 (en) * 1980-03-11 1981-09-16 Erno Biro Heating apparatus for burning solid fuels, primarily to meet the heat demand of dwellings
CN2036622U (en) * 1988-06-01 1989-04-26 王立平 Hot-air heater of honeycomb briquet stove
CN2073996U (en) * 1990-03-30 1991-03-27 邓昕羽 High efficiency energy-saving hot water box for coal stove
CN2169780Y (en) * 1993-09-30 1994-06-22 高亚亭 Energy saving honeycomb briquet stove
CN2387408Y (en) * 1999-04-02 2000-07-12 付一均 Honeycomb briquette discharging device for bee hive stove

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104121575A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-29 张启凤 Internal combustion method
CN104121575B (en) * 2014-07-14 2017-01-11 张启凤 Internal combustion method
CN110207149A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-09-06 大厂回族自治县启凤节能环保科技有限公司 The design principle and method of honeycomb briquette gas furnace
CN113994155A (en) * 2019-05-31 2022-01-28 法雷奥热商业车辆德国有限公司 Electric heater

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