CN205518221U - Food and beverage oil smoke area self -cleaning function's near zero emission purifier - Google Patents

Food and beverage oil smoke area self -cleaning function's near zero emission purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205518221U
CN205518221U CN201620313151.7U CN201620313151U CN205518221U CN 205518221 U CN205518221 U CN 205518221U CN 201620313151 U CN201620313151 U CN 201620313151U CN 205518221 U CN205518221 U CN 205518221U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning function
purifier
anode tube
zero release
band self
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620313151.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张艺
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BEIJING AVIC TIANYE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING AVIC TIANYE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620313151.7U priority Critical patent/CN205518221U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of food and beverage or food industry oil smoke purify, the purpose provides that a treatment effect is good, efficient, convenient to use's food and beverage oil smoke area self -cleaning function's near zero emission purifier, which comprises a housin, leading fillter section, the positive pole pipe, the negative pole line, the automatic spray device, meticulous fillter section, the bottom of casing sets up the greasy dirt groove, the casing lateral wall sets up flue gas inlet, the leading fillter section of side -mounting in the flue gas inlet, casing inside sets up many positive pole pipes, every positive pole is intraductal to set up a negative pole line, install the power on the casing lateral wall, the power just, the negative pole respectively with the positive pole pipe, the negative pole line connection, the top at the positive pole pipe is installed to the automatic spray device, the casing lateral wall sets up the exhanst gas outlet, the meticulous fillter section of side -mounting in the exhanst gas outlet. The utility model discloses the cigarette gas -oil cigarette that can be applicable to various food and beverage or food industry is widely handled, than the more environmental protection of other fume purification device, practicality, has the better efficiency of getting rid of, and has self -cleaning function, convenient to use.

Description

The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function
Technical field
This utility model belongs to food and drink or food service industry technology for cooking fume control field, and spy relates to a kind of kitchen fumes band automatically cleaning The near-zero release purifier of function.
Background technology
Along with development, the raising of living standards of the people of national economy, bring sending out of the prosperity of tourist industry, particularly restaurant business Exhibition is swift and violent abnormal especially.Meanwhile the fume pollution of catering trade is on the rise, one of major reason becoming urban air pollution, The serious health that have impact on the city people, so administering air pollution is our common hope, let us owns clear water together Blue sky.
Catering trade and food processing industry can produce substantial amounts of oil smoke and carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrocarbonization in process of production The material that compound etc. are harmful, wherein 3,4-benzo be strong carcinogen.Existing smoke exhaust ventilator and exhaust fan are simply making Oil smoke and harmful gas that industry point produces are directly discharged into air, although ensure that the air cleaner in operation room, but this simply pollutes Transfer, still can be to environment, and current fume pollution has become in atmospheric pollution and lodged a complaint greatly focus.State Bureau of Environmental Protection " cooking fume discharge standard " (GB18483-2001) formulated defines the highest permission concentration of emission of catering trade unit oil smoke Minimum removal efficiency with cooking fume control equipment.
Since 2013, Beijing and all parts of the country all occur in that the long haze of large area, and wherein the formation of haze is except combustion The factor such as coal, automobile, the food and drink smoke pollution in city is also important a piece can not be ignored.Deterioration along with environment, it was predicted that city The oil smoke discharge standard of city's food and drink also may proceed to strictly, and can set up monitoring network, monitors in real time.And present kitchen fumes Emission behaviour is to have purifier mostly, but efficiency is uneven, and a lot of restaurants fume purifier of fume is not the most cleared up for several years, Substantially become ornaments, there is no self-cleaning function, bring a lot of inconvenience to eating and drinking establishment.
CN205109869U discloses a kind of wet electrical dust precipitator electrode assembly, and cathode line is through anode tube and negative electrode upper frame and the moon Pole underframe is fixed into entirety, and negative electrode upper frame top is connected with cathode hanger, anode tube for wait hexagon, by self upper, Lower plane and housing side plate compact siro spinning technology, during work, high voltage direct current is transferred to cathode line by negative electrode upper frame, produces electric discharge effect Should, the charged backward pole of dust in flue gas is moved to the contrary hexagon anode tube inner surface that waits and adheres to, and sprays eventually through top The flushing of water device is also discharged, and reaches the purpose of dedusting.Owing to kitchen fumes contains bulky grain pollutant, electrode assembly is to greatly Granule (100 μm or more than) oil smoke treatment effect is bad, and ionized region can be caused to transship, and causes purification efficiency to reduce.This Outward, electrode assembly fine particle (the particle diameter < 2.5 μm) treatment effect to containing in oil smoke is the best.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide the kitchen fumes band that a kind of high treating effect, efficiency are high, easy to use The near-zero release purifier of self-cleaning function.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that
The near-zero release purifier of a kind of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, including housing, prefilter section, anode tube, the moon Polar curve, automatic spraying device, fine filtering section, the bottom of housing arranges greasy dirt groove, and the lower position of housing sidewall arranges flue gas Import, installs prefilter section inside gas approach, enclosure interior arranges many anode tube, arranges a moon in every anode tube Polar curve, hull outside wall is installed power supply, and the positive and negative electrode of power supply is connected with anode tube, cathode line respectively, automatic spraying device Being arranged on the top of anode tube, the tip position of housing sidewall arranges exhanst gas outlet, installs fine filtering section inside exhanst gas outlet.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described prefilter section is adopted Use multi-layer silk screen filter.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described fine filtering section is adopted Use multilamellar active carbon filter screen.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described automatic spraying device Including many showers, shower being installed multiple shower nozzle, each shower is connected with water inlet manifold respectively, and water inlet manifold is installed Spraying electromagnetic valve, spraying electromagnetic valve is by controller time opening.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described anode tube is honeycomb Shape arranges, and anode tube uses conducting polymer nonmetallic materials to make.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described anode tube uses and leads Electricity fiberglass is made.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described cathode line uses not Rust steel prickle wire.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described power supply uses high frequency The pulse power.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, further, described greasy dirt groove is set to Taper.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function compared with prior art, has following useful Effect:
1. flue gas first passes through prefilter section, removes bulky grain oil smoke, is then passed through cellular anode tube, ionizes in cathode line Effect under, by collecting material such as the oil smoke in flue gas, dust at anode tube inwall, eventually pass fine filtering section, the most right The organic volatile such as subparticle and VOC catches, and has high oil smoke removal efficiency, and removal efficiency is more than 95%;
2. add automatic spraying device, be the most automatically carried out, eliminate the trouble of periodic cleaning purifier, user Just;
3. anode tube uses conducting polymer nonmetallic materials, and service life is long;
4. anode tube is cellular layout, compact conformation, saves space, the discharge of bottom in and top out layout, beneficially clean flue gas.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function of the present utility model is made furtherly Bright.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view of the near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function;
Fig. 2 is anode tube and cathode line arrangement schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, the near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function includes housing 1, preposition Fillter section 2, anode tube 3, cathode line 4, automatic spraying device, fine filtering section 5, the bottom of housing 1 arranges greasy dirt groove 6, Greasy dirt groove 6 is set to taper.
The lower position of housing 1 sidewall arranges gas approach 11, installs prefilter section 2, prefilter inside gas approach 11 Section 2 uses multi-layer silk screen filters, processes bulky grain (100 μm or more than) oil smoke, solves overburden portion problem, Purification efficiency is greatly improved.
Shown in Fig. 2, housing 1 is internal arranges many anode tube 3, anode tube 3 in honeycomb arrangement, spaces compact, resistance to Corrosion, easy cleaning.Anode tube 3 uses conducting polymer nonmetallic materials to make, preferably electroconductive frp.Every anode tube 3 Inside arranging a cathode line 4, cathode line 4 uses rustless steel prickle wire, can fully be ionized by oil smoke.Pacify on housing 1 lateral wall Dress power supply 7, power supply 7 uses high frequency pulse power supply, the positive and negative electrode of power supply 7 to be connected with anode tube 3, cathode line 4 respectively.
Automatic spraying device includes the many showers 8 being arranged on above anode tube 3, shower 8 is installed multiple shower nozzle, respectively Shower 8 is connected with water inlet manifold 9 respectively, and water inlet manifold 9 is installed spraying electromagnetic valve 10, and spraying electromagnetic valve 10 is by controlling Device time opening.
The tip position of housing 1 sidewall arranges exhanst gas outlet 12, installs fine filtering section 5, fine filtering inside exhanst gas outlet 12 Section 5 uses multilamellar active carbon filter screen.
The work process of the near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function is:
The flue gas that food and drink or food service industry produce, enters purifier through dust gathering arrester and flue, first passes through prefilter section 2, Removing bulky grain oil smoke, then enter bottom housing 1, flue gas flows from the bottom to top, and the oil smoke in flue gas is through cellular Anode tube 3, under the effect of cathode line 4 ionization, by collecting material such as the oil smoke in flue gas, dust at anode tube 3 inwall, Greasy dirt, dust are along with accumulation, centralized collection in gravitational settling oil droplet falls into the greasy dirt groove 6 of bottom of device.Above anode tube 3 Being provided with automatic spraying device, can be rinsed anode tube 3 inwall, the greasy dirt rinsed is collected in the greasy dirt groove of bottom In 6, in the oil interceptor of periodic exhaustion to eating and drinking establishment.Flue gas after purification rise during turn to, at exhanst gas outlet 12 Being provided with fine filtering section 5, again catch the organic volatile such as subparticle and VOC, the flue gas after purification is up to standard Discharge.
The operation principle of the near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function is:
1, installing prefilter section inside gas approach, prefilter section uses multi-layer silk screen filter, to bulky grain (100 μ M or more than) oil smoke processes, and solves partial ionization district overload problem, purification efficiency is greatly improved.
2, arranging anode tube and cathode line in housing, anode tube uses plate type electrode (radius of curvature → ∞), connects positive source. Cathode line is the lineation electrode that surface curvature radius is the least, and for reducing radius of curvature further, cathode line uses rustless steel prickle wire, Connecting power cathode, two interpolars are added with high direct voltage (14~20KV).Generally gas is nonconducting, but in outside energy, Under the effect of alpha ray, ultraviolet and other ultra rays etc. released when natural transmutation such as noble gas in air, gas electricity can be made Positive and negative ion is become from ejected electron.Oil smoke enters the electric field that radius of curvature differs greatly, and when electric field intensity is sufficiently high, Near electrode surface, gas ionization will appear from avalanche effect, and recombination process is the fiercest.Owing to high voltage electric field constantly produces Corona discharge, a large amount of anion under the effect of electric field force, from negative electrode face south level motion, make flue gas particle charged, absorption at sun Losing electric charge on pole plate, the flue gas after separation is assembled becomes oil droplet, concentrates and receive in gravitational settling falls into the greasy dirt groove of bottom of device Collection.Along with the spacing of two electrode surfaces increases, electric field intensity declines rapidly, and ion translational speed slows down, gas compartment basic point Being unlikely to be hit sky and cause whole space to puncture, in ionized region, non-uniform electric field causes corona discharge, and flue gas particle is at electricity Gas purification is completed through absorption and oxidation Decomposition in district.
At ionized region, anion is mainly oxonium ion, when, after oxonium ion capture soot particles, being same as cooking fat and be mainly dynamic planting Thing unsaturated fatty acid, Main Ingredients and Appearance molecular formula is C18H34O2, negative oxygen ion is combined with H, C, generates H2O、C、CO2 Deng innocuous substance, discharge through air-flow.Fragrant abnormal smells from the patient in culinary art is also Hydrocarbon composition, due to the combination of oxonium ion, Also can be converted into odorless gas to discharge, thus eliminate the impact on environment of the abnormal smells from the patient in culinary art.
3, the flue gas after ionized region purifies, has reached preferable degree of purification, but in expellant gas, has still had suitable one Dividing trickle flue gas particle (particle diameter < 2.5 μm), they also fail to reach discharged by fan during anode tube, and these flue gases are also With negative charge, therefore this utility model installs fine filtering section inside exhanst gas outlet, and fine filtering section uses multilamellar activated carbon Filter screen, owing to charged particle is the shortest by neutralizing electric field distance, active carbon filter screen is fine to trickle flue gas particle trapping effect, carries High treatment effect, makes kitchen fumes reach near-zero release.
4, after longtime running, owing to anode tube assembles a large amount of greasy dirts, hinder the seizure of ionization ion, reduce purification efficiency, therefore This utility model arranges automatic spraying device, and controller periodically turns on spraying electromagnetic valve, regular auto-flushing anode tube and cathode line, Greasy dirt is rinsed to the greasy dirt groove of bottom, improves purification efficiency.
5, use high frequency pulse power supply, it is to avoid high-voltage arc discharge phenomenon, make the treatment effeciency the highest simultaneously, stable and reliable operation, and When the temperature of the surroundings is low, big current work state can be automatically changeb to, utilize electric heating drying power supply with cathode line, anode tube even Connect the condensation of the insulator surface at place, proceed to normal operating condition the most again, make system run all right, improve treatment effeciency.
The near-zero release purifier of this utility model kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function can be widely applicable for various food and drink or food The flue gas oil smoke of industry processes, more environmentally friendly compared with other fume purifier of fume, practical, has more preferable removal efficiency, and with from clear Clean function, easy to use.
Embodiment described above is only to be described preferred implementation of the present utility model, not to of the present utility model Scope is defined, and on the premise of without departing from this utility model design spirit, those of ordinary skill in the art are to this utility model The various deformation made of technical scheme and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that this utility model claims determine.

Claims (9)

1. a near-zero release purifier for kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function, including housing, it is characterised in that: before also including Putting fillter section, anode tube, cathode line, automatic spraying device, fine filtering section, the bottom of housing arranges greasy dirt groove, housing side The lower position of wall arranges gas approach, installs prefilter section inside gas approach, and enclosure interior arranges many anode tube, often A piece cathode line is set in root anode tube, on hull outside wall install power supply, the positive and negative electrode of power supply respectively with anode tube, negative electrode Line connects, and automatic spraying device is arranged on the top of anode tube, and the tip position of housing sidewall arranges exhanst gas outlet, exhanst gas outlet Fine filtering section is installed in inner side.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State prefilter section and use multi-layer silk screen filter.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: institute State fine filtering section and use multilamellar active carbon filter screen.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: institute Stating automatic spraying device and include many showers, shower is installed multiple shower nozzle, each shower is connected with water inlet manifold respectively, Installing spraying electromagnetic valve on water inlet manifold, spraying electromagnetic valve is by controller time opening.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute Stating anode tube is honeycomb arrangement, and anode tube uses conducting polymer nonmetallic materials to make.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: institute Stating anode tube uses electroconductive frp to make.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: institute State cathode line and use rustless steel prickle wire.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: institute State power supply and use high frequency pulse power supply.
The near-zero release purifier of kitchen fumes band self-cleaning function the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: institute State greasy dirt groove and be set to taper.
CN201620313151.7U 2016-04-14 2016-04-14 Food and beverage oil smoke area self -cleaning function's near zero emission purifier Expired - Fee Related CN205518221U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106885282A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-23 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Lampblack absorber
CN108644845A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-10-12 洛阳展腾科技有限公司 A kind of oil fume purifier
CN108970313A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-11 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 Environmental-protecting dust-removing equipment
CN109772585A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-05-21 南京科创环境工程发展有限公司 A kind of palm fume cleaning device
CN111594901A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-08-28 敏达环保科技(嘉兴)有限公司 Oil smoke purifier with self-cleaning function
WO2020216366A1 (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-10-29 上海必修福企业管理有限公司 Vocs gas treatment apparatus and method
CN114653477A (en) * 2020-12-23 2022-06-24 陕西青朗万城环保科技有限公司 Oil fume purification method and control system thereof

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106885282A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-06-23 广东美的厨房电器制造有限公司 Lampblack absorber
CN108644845A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-10-12 洛阳展腾科技有限公司 A kind of oil fume purifier
CN108970313A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-11 芜湖鸣人热能设备有限公司 Environmental-protecting dust-removing equipment
CN109772585A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-05-21 南京科创环境工程发展有限公司 A kind of palm fume cleaning device
WO2020216366A1 (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-10-29 上海必修福企业管理有限公司 Vocs gas treatment apparatus and method
WO2020216370A1 (en) * 2019-04-25 2020-10-29 上海必修福企业管理有限公司 Voc gas treatment device and method
CN111594901A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-08-28 敏达环保科技(嘉兴)有限公司 Oil smoke purifier with self-cleaning function
CN114653477A (en) * 2020-12-23 2022-06-24 陕西青朗万城环保科技有限公司 Oil fume purification method and control system thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160831

Termination date: 20190414

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee