CN101566363A - Near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier - Google Patents

Near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101566363A
CN101566363A CNA2009101371366A CN200910137136A CN101566363A CN 101566363 A CN101566363 A CN 101566363A CN A2009101371366 A CNA2009101371366 A CN A2009101371366A CN 200910137136 A CN200910137136 A CN 200910137136A CN 101566363 A CN101566363 A CN 101566363A
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anion
gas
housing
casing
anion generator
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CNA2009101371366A
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苏建华
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

A near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier comprises the following components: side smoke sucking openings, a top smoke sucking opening, a casing, a smoke collecting cover, damping hinges, a fan, and an electrostatic absorption purifier which is composed of a drawer type absorption net, an air pipe, an anion generator and a control part. The invention is characterized in that the casing positioned at the front upper part of the top smoke sucking opening is installed with a transparent smoke obstruction fume collecting hood which can rotate and stop randomly in the front space area of the casing for evidently and effectively insulating the exhaust gas area from the sucking area. The drawer type absorption net in the electrostatic absorption purifier is installed in the casing. The anion generator and the control part are installed outside the casing so that the component which generates the anion in the device does not contact the oil stain, dust or other contaminant. One end of the air pipe is installed in the casing, and the other end contacts with the anion generator. The anion generator can provide the anion gas for the inner part of the casing and the kitchen space simultaneously.

Description

Near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of environment-friendly type kitchen oil fume purifier.
Background technology
At present, exhaustor for kitchen has two big classes by suction mode branch, one class is the top suction type smoke exhaust ventilator, its smoking port is positioned at directly over the gas-cooker, and the waste gas that oil smoke and gas-cooker burning are produced is under the negative pressure effect that smoke exhaust ventilator produces, and is mobile from bottom to top and outdoor through the smoke exhaust ventilator discharge.Another kind ofly be side-suction type or be called the near-absorption type smoke exhaust ventilator, its smoking port is positioned at gas-cooker one side, oil smoke, waste gas under the negative pressure effect to smoking port one side flow and discharge outdoor through smoke exhaust ventilator.The smoke exhaust ventilator of these two kinds of forms cuts both ways, and the pumping direction of top suction type smoke exhaust ventilator is consistent with the hot waste gas flow direction, helps collecting waste gas.But owing to be subjected to the restriction of setting height(from bottom), (general, smoke exhaust ventilator bottom surface to gas-cooker apart from about 600-650mm) have height the smoking effect bad, the low problem of then meeting and discussing easily even influencing cooking operation.Side-absorption type smoke exhaust ventilator has well solved contention problem, but its pumping direction and hot waste gas flow direction are inconsistent, are unfavorable for collecting waste gas, particularly from the waste gas fugacity of pump orifice far-end.
If the space to the smoke exhaust ventilator lower edge directly over the gas-cooker is decided to be the waste gas zone, space in addition is decided to be cleaning breathing area district, will find, present exhaustor for kitchen has a common feature on the gas sampling mode, be exactly waste gas zone and cooking operation person's breathing area obviously not to be separated, waste gas is being collected and all will passing through the breathing area front in the smoking port process of flowing, and cooking operation person its head in gastronomical process can often move, can enter the waste gas zone unavoidably and be drawn onto waste gas, jeopardize health.In addition, owing to do not block between gas-cooker and the cooking operation person, the oil droplet, water droplet and the bubble that spill at gastronomical process also cause personal injury easily.Usually, people's solution to this problem is to improve the power of smoke exhaust ventilator, strengthens suction force, has caused the waste of the energy in the middle of this is invisible again.
At present, oil smoke and treatment of waste gas mode after collecting are had two kinds, a kind of is with strainer filtering after blower fan is directly arranged to outdoor, is a kind of mode that generally adopts.Can pollute atmosphere.Another kind is with doing further processing with other method again behind the strainer filtering, arranging to outdoor through blower fan then.Less to atmosphere pollution, what this wherein putative treatment effect was best is a kind of method that adopts the Electrostatic Absorption technology that oil smoke is handled.National patent " high-voltage static lampblack machine 91105888.5 " is disclosed to be exactly this method.The operation principle of Electrostatic Absorption technology is: be provided with cathode line and positive plate in the Electrostatic Absorption device, between cathode line and anode, pass to dc high-voltage, when voltage reaches certain value, near cathode line, produce corona discharge, air is ionized, produce a large amount of charged anions, flue dust, is after this absorbed by pole plate by the charged negative electricity of being with through out-of-date.Flue gas is purified.This technology is found in actual applications and has following problem: because discharge electrode and dust collector pole all are among the encirclement of oil smoke, directly contact with oil smoke, flue dust is easy to be adhered on discharge electrode and the dust collector pole, when reaching certain thickness, promptly cause discharge electrode can not produce corona discharge, and then can not produce anion, and can not be charged to flue dust, at this moment dust collector pole will become very poor to the adsorption effect of flue dust.Therefore, make the Electrostatic Absorption device that good capture clean-up effect is arranged, just must remove the flue dust that sticks on discharge electrode and the dust collector pole on the discharge electrode particularly timely, preferably removing in every month once, and in fact people are difficult to accomplish this point.This also is the major reason that the smoke exhaust ventilator of this form is extensively promoted the use of.
Present smoke exhaust ventilator only is that the waste gas that burning is produced to oil smoke and gas-cooker is handled, the air of kitchen overall space is not handled, in fact, owing to produce the local more of waste gas and peculiar smell in the kitchen, anion concentration is less in the air, air is impure and fresh, and long this activity betwixt is unfavorable to health of human body.
Summary of the invention
Easily meet and discuss in order to overcome existing smoke exhaust ventilator, far-end waste gas fugacity, the waste gas zone is near and not obviously isolation from breathing area, the energy consumption height, the clarifying smoke effect is undesirable, high effective purifying technology is impracticable, can not deficiency such as handle to the air of kitchen overall space, the invention provides a kind of near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier, it has proposed a kind of brand-new kitchen fume and depollution of environment theory, when solving operation, easily meet and discuss, the fugacious while of far-end waste gas, tangible isolation has been carried out in waste gas zone and breathing area, it has used Electrostatic Absorption to purify the flue dust technology, in the adsorption cleaning flue dust, can provide anion, cleaning ambient air to kitchen space.It is environmental protection and energy saving technology truly.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem takes: smoke exhaust ventilator comprises: side draught mouth, top smoking port, housing, exhaust fume collecting hood, damp hinge, blower fan and by drawer type absorption net, appendix, anion generator, the Electrostatic Absorption purifier that control section is formed.It is characterized in that: on the housing of smoking port front upper place, top, the one transparent flue gas that can rotate arbitrarily and stop to be installed in housing front space scope and to be cut off exhaust fume collecting hood, the obvious and effective isolation has been carried out in waste gas zone and breathing area through damp hinge; Drawer type absorption net in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier is installed in the housing, and anion generator and control section are installed in outside the housing.Make the parts that produce anion in this device not contact greasy dirt, dust, and other pollutant.Anion generator can provide anion gas with kitchen space simultaneously in housing.
Described partition exhaust fume collecting hood can be two ends band flap plates, flat board, and the geometry known to orifice plate etc. are various can be made by various heatproof transparent material.
The parts that produce anion in the described Electrostatic Absorption purifier do not contact greasy dirt, dust, and the method for other pollutant can have multiple mode.
Described absorption net is made by staggered wire or other conductive material, is supported by metal framework or Insulating frame, and its shape can be a tabular, the geometry known to many V-arrangement combinations or the combination of many U-shapeds etc. are various.Collecter ring can ground connection or is connect HVDC positive electricity as required.
Described appendix is made by insulating materials, and its cross sectional shape can be circular, and is square, rectangle, the geometry known to various such as trapezoidal.
Described anion generator has two gas outlets, and a gas outlet is sent to casing inside to anion gas, and another gas outlet is sent to kitchen space to anion gas.
Described control section is by power supply, magnetic valve, and selector switch, button, program board is formed.Can realize various control requirements.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: utilize transparent flue gas to cut off exhaust fume collecting hood the obvious and effective isolation has been carried out in waste gas zone and breathing area, significantly reduce the cooking operation person and be drawn onto the probability of waste gas, because it is this exhaust fume collecting hood is transparent, rotating simultaneously, when closure state, do not take the gas-cooker superjacent air space, during opening and the side draught mouth, the top smoking port forms a channel space, oil smoke and the waste gas that rises there is a fine collection, water conservancy diversion and partition effect.Can reduce the distance of exhaust fume collecting hood to gas-cooker to greatest extent when not influencing cooking operation, make the capture better effects if, energy consumption is lower.
Because the anion generator in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier is placed apart with the absorption net, anion generator does not contact with flue gas, need not frequent cleaning, can guarantee the long-time steady operation of Electrostatic Absorption purifier.The oil smoke of eliminating is better purified, free from environmental pollution.Because anion generator can provide anion to kitchen space carrying anion in housing when, cleaning ambient air, the person is in work in the very clean space to make the cooking operation, helps healthy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left view of the present invention
Among the figure: 1. housing, 2. blower fan, 3. anion generator, 4. drawer type absorption net, 5. appendix, 6. damp hinge 7. cuts off exhaust fume collecting hood, 8. side draught mouth, 9. top smoking port, 10. control section
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment the present invention is done and to describe in further detail.
Embodiment as shown in Figure 2, near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier comprises: side draught mouth 8, top smoking port 9, the Electrostatic Absorption purifier that control section 10 is formed.Side draught mouth 8 and top smoking port 9 are fixedly connected in housing 1 one sides, exhaust fume collecting hood 7 places smoking port 9 front upper places in top to link to each other with damp hinge 6, can in housing 1 front space scope, rotate arbitrarily and stop, and energy housing 1, exhaust fume collecting hood 7, damp hinge 6, blower fan 2 and by drawer type absorption net 4, appendix 5, anion generator 3 is pulled down from damp hinge 6 easily, makes cleaning and safeguards all very convenient.Exhaust fume collecting hood 7 can be two ends band flap plates, flat board, the geometry known to orifice plate etc. are various, what this example adopted is two ends band flap plate shapes, exhaust fume collecting hood 7 can be made by various thermostable transparent material, and what this example adopted is the thermostable transparent engineering plastics.Damp hinge 6 is fixed on the housing 1, blower fan 2 is loaded on housing 1 top, and blower fan 2 can be a various forms, and what this example adopted is the wheeled blower fan of a kind of single motor double leaf: blower fan 2 bottoms are provided with drawer type absorption net 4, absorption net 4 links to each other with housing 1, and can extract out from housing 1.Make the cleaning greasy dirt become very convenient.Absorption net 4 is made by staggered wire or other conductive material, is supported by metal framework or Insulating frame, and its shape can be a tabular, the geometry known to many V-arrangement combinations or the combination of many U-shapeds etc. are various.Adopt many V-arrangement combinations or many U-shapeds combined shaped, can increase circulation area, reduce filtration velocity, reduce SR, improve adsorption effect.Adsorbing net 4 as required can ground connection or connect HVDC positive electricity.Absorption net 4 connects HVDC positive electricity and can improve adsorption effect.What this example adopted is to be supported by metal frame, many V-arrangement combination shape ground connection absorption nets.Appendix 5 one ends place the absorption net 4 times, and the other end and anion generator 3 join.Appendix 5 is made by insulating materials, and its cross sectional shape can be circular, square, rectangle, the geometry known to various such as trapezoidal.The cross sectional shape that this example adopts is circular.Drawer type absorption net 4 in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier is installed in the housing 1, and anion generator 3 and control section 10 are installed in outside the housing 1, make the parts that produce anion in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier not contact greasy dirt, dust, and other pollutant.Be in the space of a cleaning, need not cleaning, thereby can guarantee that the anion adsorptive purifier is stable, efficient operation.Anion generator 3 has two gas outlets, can provide anion gas with kitchen space simultaneously in housing 1, and control section 10 comprises power supply, magnetic valve, and selector switch, button, program board can realize various control requirements.
Exhaust fume collecting hood 7 is when open mode and side draught mouth 8, and top smoking port 9 forms a channel space, and its base be about 350mm only to the gas-cooker distance, and the oil smoke and the waste gas of rising is had a fine collection, water conservancy diversion and partition effect.Can reduce the distance of exhaust fume collecting hood 7 to gas-cooker to greatest extent when not influencing cooking operation, make the capture better effects if, energy consumption is lower.
After flue gas and other waste gas enter exhaust fume collecting hood 7, enter housing 1 through side draught mouth 8 and top smoking port 9, flue gas and other waste gas mix with the high-concentration anion gas of discharging from appendix 5 in housing 1, oil droplet in flue gas and the waste gas, water droplet, impurity such as dust are with anion, with the flue gas of going up anion and other waste gas, be absorbed through ground connection or when connecing the absorption net of positive electricity, flue gas and waste gas are purified.Purified gas, does not pollute atmosphere to outdoor through blower fan 2 rows.Because anion generator 3 provides anion to kitchen space simultaneously, so that the air in the kitchen also becomes very pure and fresh.

Claims (7)

1: a kind of near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier comprises: side draught mouth, top smoking port, housing, exhaust fume collecting hood, damp hinge, blower fan and by drawer type absorption net, appendix, anion generator, the Electrostatic Absorption purifier that control section is formed.It is characterized in that: on the housing of smoking port front upper place, top, the one transparent flue gas that can rotate arbitrarily and stop to be installed in housing front space scope and to be cut off exhaust fume collecting hood, the obvious and effective isolation has been carried out in waste gas zone and breathing area through damp hinge; The parts that produce anion in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier do not contact greasy dirt, dust, and other pollutant.Drawer type absorption net in this device is installed in the housing, and anion generator and control section are installed in outside the housing.Appendix one end is installed in the housing, and the other end and anion generator join.
2: partition exhaust fume collecting hood according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it can be two ends band flap plates, flat board, the geometry known to orifice plate etc. are various can be made by various heatproof transparent material.
3: the parts that produce anion in the Electrostatic Absorption purifier according to claim 1 do not contact greasy dirt, dust, and other pollutant.Can adopt multiple implementation method.
4: drawer type absorption net according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it is made by staggered wire or other conductive material, supported by metal framework or Insulating frame, its shape can be a tabular, the geometry known to many V-arrangement combinations or the combination of many U-shapeds etc. are various.
5:, it is characterized in that it can ground connection or connect HVDC positive electricity according to claim 1,4 described drawer types absorption nets.
6: anion generator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it has two gas outlets, a gas outlet is sent to casing inside to anion gas, and another gas outlet is sent to kitchen space to anion gas.
7: appendix according to claim 1, it is characterized in that it is made by insulating materials, its cross sectional shape can be circular, square, rectangle, the geometry known to various such as trapezoidal.
CNA2009101371366A 2009-05-05 2009-05-05 Near-suction electrostatic smoke purifier Pending CN101566363A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776073A (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-07 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Range hood
CN104879809A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-02 林德祥 Super-low-altitude discharged smoke purifying device capable of automatically splashing oil and purifying
CN107606672A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-01-19 上海京明环境科技有限公司 Circulating combustion method purifies kitchen fume system equipment in a kind of electrostatic coupling
WO2018028083A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 广东新宝电器股份有限公司 Automatic smoke removing cooking appliance
CN110017521A (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-07-16 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Kitchen ventilator
CN110207208A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-09-06 华帝股份有限公司 Environment-friendly range hood capable of efficiently removing oil smoke
CN110360634A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-22 宁波方太厨具有限公司 A kind of side extraction cooking fume extractor

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103776073A (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-07 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 Range hood
CN103776073B (en) * 2012-10-25 2016-04-06 芜湖美的厨卫电器制造有限公司 A kind of range hood
CN104879809A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-02 林德祥 Super-low-altitude discharged smoke purifying device capable of automatically splashing oil and purifying
WO2018028083A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 广东新宝电器股份有限公司 Automatic smoke removing cooking appliance
CN110017521A (en) * 2017-05-22 2019-07-16 广东美的白色家电技术创新中心有限公司 Kitchen ventilator
CN107606672A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-01-19 上海京明环境科技有限公司 Circulating combustion method purifies kitchen fume system equipment in a kind of electrostatic coupling
CN107606672B (en) * 2017-11-06 2020-09-22 上海京明环境科技有限公司 System equipment for purifying kitchen oil fume by electrostatic coupling internal circulation combustion method
CN110207208A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-09-06 华帝股份有限公司 Environment-friendly range hood capable of efficiently removing oil smoke
CN110360634A (en) * 2019-07-31 2019-10-22 宁波方太厨具有限公司 A kind of side extraction cooking fume extractor

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Application publication date: 20091028