CN205501901U - Small -size solar energy electric sweeper - Google Patents

Small -size solar energy electric sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205501901U
CN205501901U CN201620094718.6U CN201620094718U CN205501901U CN 205501901 U CN205501901 U CN 205501901U CN 201620094718 U CN201620094718 U CN 201620094718U CN 205501901 U CN205501901 U CN 205501901U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
vehicle frame
rolling
small
brushing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620094718.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崔小劲
赵英杰
宋明成
宋渊明
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Chongqing Three Gorges University
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Chongqing Three Gorges University
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Priority to CN201620094718.6U priority Critical patent/CN205501901U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205501901U publication Critical patent/CN205501901U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a small -size solar energy electric sweeper is aimed at providing in sanitation equipment field, roll including handrail, frame, rubbish and sweep device, storage battery, wheel, rubbish fill, incline and sweep device, rubbish hoisting device, universal wheel, shell and arrange in solar panel element on the shell, this car adopt the push with manpower operation, locate the rubbish at frame rear portion rolls to be swept the device and is used for sweeping rubbish from ground, locate the rubbish hoisting device at frame middle part is used for carrying rubbish and lies in in the anterior rubbish of frame is fought. The utility model is suitable for an occasions such as city sub -arterial road, rural side road and station, pier, square, park are used, especially are fit for wandering about the streets and lanes in the city center area traveling, and not only safety ring protected, but also influenced road traffic.

Description

Small-sized solar electric cleaning car
Technical field
This utility model relates to sanitation equipment field, more specifically, is a kind of small-sized solar electric cleaning car.
Background technology
At present, the demand of national each main cities sweeper special to various environmental sanitation is relatively big, and large and medium-sized Environmental sanitation cleaning vehicle is more universal.On backbone, through street, mainly use large-scale road sweeper;In common urban road, mainly use medium-sized road sweeper;In addition, it is usually based on sanitationman with " big broom ".It addition, either traffic backbone or common urban road, dust alleviation work (referring to after the special sweeper of environmental sanitation cleans, road cleaning maintenance work) is typically to be unable to do without " big broom ".
According to the survey, in many cities, as large and medium-sized sweeper and these " modern weaponss " of small-sized street sweeper are not exhibited one's skill to the full in urban sanitation, in addition to go up road once in a while except festivals or holidays or when having occasion, the most of the time all lies prone in garage " sleep is greatly ".Sweeper does not has " on duty ", is not its performance existing problems.Its main cause: one is that (price of 1 domestic large-scale road sweeper is about at about 500,000 yuan for the expensive of large and medium-sized road sweeper, l with type imported car with regard to offer more than 100 ten thousand yuan), fuel consumption is big, within average 3 days, just add 1 oil, spending nearly 200 yuan, light oil 1 year must more than 20,000 yuan.Add the expense of regular maintenance and maintenance, handy 3~50,000 yuan of l platform large-scale road sweeper running cost;Two is that small-sized sanitation sweeper kind is few, and the mini motor sweeper that existing market is sold, it is common to use accumulator be all lead-acid battery, environment will be caused secondary pollution by it, does not meets the requirement of environmental conservation.
Society, what people had regained consciousness recognizes the importance of environmental problem, and therefore, people the most more value the cleannes in city.In eighties of last century, the cleaning of urban road is all dependent on the both hands of environmental sanitation street cleaner and cleans, but, this mode the most can not meet demand, and it have to be improved, original hand sweeping mode, inefficiency, workload is the biggest, and this will hinder the work of urban road environmental health to a great extent and develop to deeper level direction, additionally, its also overall image on city causes the biggest impact.
The cleaning equipment having on Vehicles Collected from Market mainly has two kinds: one is large-scale cleaning vehicle, cleans speed quickly, and efficiency is the highest, but has limitation, is only suitable for cleaning the major trunk roads in city, the not subsidiary road in easy cleaning city, country lane and city square etc.;Another kind is mini motor sweeper, compensate for the occasion of large-scale cleaning vehicle not easy cleaning, but owing to product in the market is mostly suction sweeping type structure, internal combustion engine or motor (lead-acid battery or lithium ion battery are powered) is used to provide power, cause selling price and use cost higher, so at present city subsidiary road, country lane and city square, the environmental sanitation work in park still relies primarily on hand sweeping, not only labor intensity is big, inefficiency, also can cause secondary pollution.Based on problem above, inventor prepares to design the hand propelled solar energy electric sweeper that a kind of simple in construction, easy to operate, manufacturing cost and use cost are low.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: for the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that the small-sized solar electric cleaning car that a kind of simple in construction, small in volume, low price, cleaning are effective.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of small-sized solar electric cleaning car, including handrail, vehicle frame, rubbish rolling and brushing device, accumulator battery, wheel, refuse hopper, side sweeping device, waste lifting device, universal wheel, shell and the solar panels assembly being placed on described shell, this car uses Manual-pushing to run, and is located at the rubbish rolling and brushing device at described vehicle frame rear portion for being swept up from ground by rubbish;It is located at the waste lifting device in the middle part of described vehicle frame for rubbish is transported to be positioned at the refuse hopper of described vehicle frame front portion.
As further improvement of the utility model: described rubbish rolling and brushing device is installed on vehicle frame rear portion, minor sprocket is driven to rotate by reducing motor I, described minor sprocket passes through chain-driving big sprocket wheel rotating in same direction, simultaneously, described big sprocket wheel synchronizes to drive roller brush shaft to rotate, and then also drive coaxial rolling and brushing brush to rotate together, thus realize sweeping in preposition described waste lifting device ground rubbish.
As further improvement of the utility model: described waste lifting device is installed on the middle part of vehicle frame, the gear wheel being installed on roller brush shaft engages with little gear, drives the crank and rocker mechanism motion being made up of crank, connecting rod and dustpan;The most upper and lower upset of described dustpan, thus realize being sent in refuse hopper the rubbish that described rolling and brushing brush sweeps up continuously.
As further improvement of the utility model: be generally fitted with 4-8 root length bar hairbrush on described rolling and brushing brush, the tooth number Z 1 of described gear wheel is consistent with the quantity of described strip hairbrush with the ratio Z1:Z2 of the tooth number Z 2 of little gear, so that described rolling and brushing brush rotates a circle, the number of times of the upper and lower upset of described dustpan is also identical with the quantity of strip hairbrush.
As further improvement of the utility model: the front end of described dustpan is provided with soft rubber pad;When described dustpan is turned to lower end extreme position, described soft rubber pad can contact with ground.
As further improvement of the utility model: the front end of described vehicle frame is provided with side sweeping device, described side sweeping device is connected with described vehicle frame by base, disk brush is driven by reducing motor II and turns to the inside, the rubbish of sweeper both sides is swept to the bottom of sweeper, in order to rubbish can be swept up by described rubbish rolling and brushing device.
As further improvement of the utility model: be provided with shell outside described vehicle frame, described shell is provided with solar panels assembly, in the electrical power storage that luminous energy is changed by described solar panels assembly to described accumulator battery, provides electric energy for sweeper.
This utility model is the small-sized solar electric cleaning car of hand propelled, it is mainly made up of the main clearing apparatus of roller brush type, dustpan formula waste lifting device, side clearing apparatus etc., this car uses solar energy photovoltaic system and charged with direct current pattern and deposits, based on solar energy photovoltaic system generating, it is auxiliary with charged with direct current, being worked by DC motor Driver cleaning agency and side clearing apparatus, Manual-pushing car load runs.Be applicable to the occasion such as city subsidiary road, country lane and station, harbour, square, park use, be particluarly suitable for area, down town and wander about the streets and lanes traveling, not only safety and environmental protection, but also do not affect road traffic.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model show:
(1) energy-conserving and environment-protective.Replace oil with optical, electrical, limited petroleum resources can be saved, meet environment protection thought and the industrial policy of China of whole world people;
(2) energy consumption is low.Using brush device to clean rubbish, the operation principle of dustpan lifting device collection rubbish, simple in construction, consume power little (only the solar module of 1-2m2 need to be used just can to work), selling price and use cost are low;
(3) easily drive.Rolling brush cleaning device and dustpan lifting device are by motor-driven, and trolley travelling is by manually promoting, and the speed of service is easily controlled, safe and reliable;
(4) operate comfortable.Hand push handle can regulate and control height up and down, and the people being suitable for 160cm-190cm difference height uses, and working condition is comfortable;
(5) battery life is long.Electromobile battery under discharge condition is supplemented electricity by solar charger in time, and for alleviating accumulator plate sulfuration, increasing storage battery service life effect is notable, and service lifetime of accumulator was up to about 12 years;
(6) pollution-free.Because without fuel oil, this car will not the harmful gas of exhaust emission air;
(7) noiselessness.There is no internal combustion engine, the roar of fuel-engined vehicle during traveling, will not be heard.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model (after removing shell).
Fig. 2 is outline drawing of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of rubbish rolling and brushing device of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of waste lifting device of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of side sweeping device of the present utility model.
Fig. 1, in 2: 1 handrail;2 vehicle frames;3 rubbish rolling and brushing devices;4 accumulator batteries;5 wheels;6 refuse hoppers;7 side sweeping devices;8 waste lifting devices;9 castors;10 shells;11 solar panels assemblies.
In Fig. 3: 3-1 reducing motor I;3-2 minor sprocket;3-3 chain;The big sprocket wheel of 3-4;3-5 rolling and brushing brush;3-5-1 strip hairbrush;3-5-2 roller brush shaft.
In Fig. 4: 8-1 gear wheel;The little gear of 8-2;8-3 crank;8-4 connecting rod;8-5 rotating shaft;8-6 dustpan;3-5-2 roller brush shaft.
In Fig. 5: 2 vehicle frames;7-1 base;7-2 disk brush;7-3 reducing motor II.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical solution of the utility model, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing be embodied as that the utility model is described in further detail.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, small-sized solar electric cleaning car of the present utility model, is made up of handrail 1, vehicle frame 2, rubbish rolling and brushing device 3, accumulator battery 4, wheel 5, refuse hopper 6, side sweeping device 7, waste lifting device 8, universal wheel 9, shell 10 and the solar panels assembly 11 etc. that is placed on described shell 10.Dolly uses brush device to clean rubbish, the operation principle of dustpan lifting device collection rubbish, makes cleaning cleanliness factor high, consumes power little.
Rolling brush cleaning device and dustpan lifting device are operated alone by two motors respectively.Use solar panels generating for electric machine with energy, energy can be stored in case of need when the sun is more sufficient when;When running into the cloudy day, the when that the energy stored by solar energy being not enough to supply dolly work required energy, it is possible to use standard household AC electrical (220V) is charged.
Trolley travelling, then by manually promoting, is located at the rubbish rolling and brushing device 3 at vehicle frame 2 rear portion for being swept up from ground by rubbish;It is located at the waste lifting device 8 in the middle part of vehicle frame 2 for rubbish is transported to be positioned at the refuse hopper 6 of vehicle frame 2 front portion.
As shown in Figure 3, rubbish rolling and brushing device 3 is installed on vehicle frame 2 rear portion, minor sprocket 3-2 is driven to rotate by reducing motor I 3-1, minor sprocket 3-2 drives big sprocket wheel 3-4 rotating in same direction by chain 3-3, simultaneously, big sprocket wheel 2-4 synchronizes to drive roller brush shaft 3-5-2 to rotate, and then also drives the rolling and brushing brush 3-5 of coaxial 6 strip hairbrush composition to rotate together, thus realizes sweeping in preposition waste lifting device 8 ground rubbish.
As shown in Figure 4, waste lifting device 8 is installed on the middle part of vehicle frame 2, and the gear wheel 8-1 being installed on roller brush shaft 3-5-2 engages with little gear 8-2, drives the crank and rocker mechanism motion being made up of crank 8-3, connecting rod 8-4 and dustpan 8-6;The most upper and lower upset of dustpan 8-6 8-5 around the shaft, thus realize being sent in refuse hopper 6 rubbish that rolling and brushing brush 3-5 sweeps up continuously.
When a certain strip hairbrush in 6 strip hairbrush on round brush (i.e. sweeping up rubbish position) in vertical position, dustpan is in extreme lower position, along with the rotation of round brush, dustpan is driven by toggle and the most upwards digs, thus rubbish is sent in refuse hopper;After this strip hairbrush turns over, being above provided with 6 strip hairbrush, dustpan is driven by toggle and stirs gradually downward, meets the rubbish that Article 2 hairbrush sweeps up;Circulate this process, rubbish will be sent in refuse hopper continuously.
Owing to there being 6 strip hairbrush on round brush, gear wheel is 6:1 with the gear ratio of little gear, meets round brush and rotates a circle, and dustpan swings 6 times, makes rubbish be sent into continuously in refuse hopper.
In practice, the front end of dustpan 8-6 can be provided with soft rubber pad;When dustpan 8-6 is turned to lower end extreme position, soft rubber pad is just touched with ground, can preferably collect full rubbish.
As it is shown in figure 5, the front end of vehicle frame 2 is provided with side sweeping device 7.Side sweeping device 7 is fixed on vehicle frame 2 by base 7-1, and disk brush 7-2 is driven inside side to rotate by reducing motor II 7-3, the rubbish of sweeper both sides is swept to the bottom of sweeper, in order to rubbish can be swept up by rubbish rolling and brushing device 3.
The effect one of side sweeping device 7 is to increase to clean width, and two is the bottom that the rubbish near wall limit, road side can all be swept to vehicle body, increases the scope of cleaning.
As improvement, the support of fixing connection can be designed to the position height having strip bolt hole to adjust disk brush 7-2.When side cleaning works, turning arm is adjusted to pin hole position, then is fixed by pin, make to keep between disk brush 7-2 and ground certain decrement;Side cleans when not working, and turning arm is adjusted to another pin hole position, then is fixed by pin, make disk brush 7-2 leave ground, it is to avoid disk brush 7-2 and the friction on ground, reduces the running resistance of sweeper simultaneously.
Finally, it should be noted that the specific embodiment described in this specification, the shape of its parts and components, be named title etc. can be different.All equivalences done according to structure, feature and the principle described in this utility model inventional idea or simple change, be all included in the protection domain of this utility model patent.Described specific embodiment can be made various amendment or supplements or use similar mode to substitute by this utility model person of ordinary skill in the field; without departing from structure of the present utility model or surmount scope defined in the claims, protection domain of the present utility model all should be belonged to.

Claims (7)

1. a small-sized solar electric cleaning car, including handrail (1), vehicle frame (2), rubbish rolling and brushing device (3), accumulator battery (4), wheel (5), refuse hopper (6), side sweeping device (7), waste lifting device (8), universal wheel (9), shell (10) and the solar panels assembly (11) being placed on described shell (10), it is characterized in that: this car uses Manual-pushing to run, be located at rubbish rolling and brushing device (3) at described vehicle frame (2) rear portion for being swept up from ground by rubbish;It is located at the waste lifting device (8) at described vehicle frame (2) middle part for rubbish is transported to be positioned at the refuse hopper (6) of described vehicle frame (2) front portion.
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described rubbish rolling and brushing device (3) is installed on vehicle frame (2) rear portion, minor sprocket (3-2) is driven to rotate by reducing motor I (3-1), described minor sprocket (3-2) drives big sprocket wheel (3-4) rotating in same direction by chain (3-3), simultaneously, described big sprocket wheel (2-4) synchronizes to drive roller brush shaft (3-5-2) to rotate, and then also drive coaxial rolling and brushing brush (3-5) to rotate together, thus realize sweeping in preposition described waste lifting device (8) ground rubbish.
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described waste lifting device (8) is installed on the middle part of vehicle frame (2), the gear wheel (8-1) being installed on roller brush shaft (3-5-2) engages with little gear (8-2), drives the crank and rocker mechanism motion being made up of crank (8-3), connecting rod (8-4) and dustpan (8-6);Described dustpan (8-6) (8-5) the most upper and lower upset around the shaft, thus realize being sent in refuse hopper (6) rubbish that described rolling and brushing brush (3-5) sweeps up continuously.
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: on described rolling and brushing brush (3-5), be generally fitted with 4-8 root length bar hairbrush (3-5-1), the tooth number Z 1 of described gear wheel (8-1) is consistent with the quantity of described strip hairbrush (3-5-1) with the ratio Z1:Z2 of the tooth number Z 2 of little gear (8-2), so that described rolling and brushing brush (3-5) rotates a circle, the number of times of described dustpan (8-6) upper and lower upset is also identical with the quantity of strip hairbrush (3-5-1).
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the front end of described dustpan (8-6) is provided with soft rubber pad;When described dustpan (8-6) is turned to lower end extreme position, described soft rubber pad can contact with ground.
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the front end of described vehicle frame (2) is provided with side sweeping device (7), described side sweeping device (7) is connected with described vehicle frame (2) by base (7-1), disk brush (7-2) is driven by reducing motor II (7-3) and turns to the inside, the rubbish of sweeper both sides is swept to the bottom of sweeper, in order to rubbish can be swept up by described rubbish rolling and brushing device (3).
Small-sized solar electric cleaning car the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vehicle frame (2) is outside is provided with shell (10), solar panels assembly (11) is installed on described shell (10), the electrical power storage that luminous energy is changed by described solar panels assembly (11) is interior to described accumulator battery (4), provides electric energy for sweeper.
CN201620094718.6U 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Small -size solar energy electric sweeper Expired - Fee Related CN205501901U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620094718.6U CN205501901U (en) 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Small -size solar energy electric sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620094718.6U CN205501901U (en) 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 Small -size solar energy electric sweeper

Publications (1)

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CN205501901U true CN205501901U (en) 2016-08-24

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107893401A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-10 王静娴 A kind of municipal administration park tile floor cleaning car
CN107902022A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-04-13 安徽工程大学 A kind of solar energy electronic public transport equipment
CN109235350A (en) * 2018-10-13 2019-01-18 河南宇建智造科技有限公司 A kind of high efficiency smart ground sweeper and application method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107902022A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-04-13 安徽工程大学 A kind of solar energy electronic public transport equipment
CN107893401A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-04-10 王静娴 A kind of municipal administration park tile floor cleaning car
CN109235350A (en) * 2018-10-13 2019-01-18 河南宇建智造科技有限公司 A kind of high efficiency smart ground sweeper and application method
CN109235350B (en) * 2018-10-13 2021-05-11 河南宇建智造科技有限公司 Efficient intelligent ground sweeper and using method

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160824

Termination date: 20180129

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee