CN205431403U - Water -saving building facade afforests structure - Google Patents

Water -saving building facade afforests structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205431403U
CN205431403U CN201620305307.7U CN201620305307U CN205431403U CN 205431403 U CN205431403 U CN 205431403U CN 201620305307 U CN201620305307 U CN 201620305307U CN 205431403 U CN205431403 U CN 205431403U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
plantation
drip irrigation
purlin
planting
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620305307.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李娟�
邢志义
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Hefei University
Hefei College
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Hefei College
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Priority to CN201620305307.7U priority Critical patent/CN205431403U/en
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Publication of CN205431403U publication Critical patent/CN205431403U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model provides a water -saving building facade afforests structure, belongs to the building facade greening technology field. The purlin is connected with pre -buried connecting piece in building wall, it installs on the purlin through the buckle to plant the MODULE CASE body, plant the front of the MODULE CASE body and seted up a plurality of planting punchholes, the last total inlet tube of following the purlin direction and arranging that is equipped with of building wall, always advance a plurality of distributive pipes of driping irrigation of water piping connection, the hose of driping irrigation of a plurality of apopores is seted up to every tip intercommunication of driping irrigation the distributive pipe, drip irrigation the hose and arrange the upper portion of planting the MODULE CASE body in, seted up with the corresponding position of apopore of driping irrigation the hose on the planting MODULE CASE body and driped irrigation the groove. The utility model discloses has establish one set of combined system such as design, construction, maintenance of the outer facade of collection building afforestation, has utilized from the planting module of creating, the plant kind outside the building on the facade, really realized the three -dimensional greening who constructs outer facade. Combine the afforestation of rain sewage collecting system opposite to irrigate to improve water resource utilization rate, reduce the energy consumption, practice thrift the cost.

Description

A kind of water-saving building facade greening structure
Technical field
This utility model belongs to elevation of building technical field of greening, is specifically related to a kind of water-saving building facade greening structure.
Background technology
Along with the propelling of urbanization process, the site coverage day by day raised, hinder the direct contact of man and nature plant, be unfavorable for physical and mental health, bring the series of problems such as urban heat land effect simultaneously.It is one of effective way solving these problems at architectural increase plant landscape area, due to urban land limitation and an inch of land is an inch of gold of space, cannot be carried out large-area plane greening, so utilizing facade to carry out vertical greening improve green percentage, can be with effectively save land resource and space.But there is a lot of technical barrier to be difficult to break through for a long time always, the problems such as such as structural safety problem, plantation construction problem, plumbing problem, maintenance management are difficult, all perplex the development of elevation of building vertical greening.The most domestic vertical greening is roughly divided into wall-attachment, attached frame formula, prefabricated greening wall or plants slot type, but the factors such as these formal cause costs are high, maintenance management difficulty, all it is not suitable for being used on outside vertical surface of building.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of water-saving building facade greening structure, and greening structural texture is reasonable in design, installs maintenance simple and safe.
For achieving the above object, this utility model have employed techniques below scheme:
A kind of water-saving building facade greening structure, construction wall is provided with the purlin that some vertical direction are arranged, each purlin is connected with the some connectors being embedded in advance in construction wall, and some plantation modular tank are arranged on each purlin by the buckle at its back;
The front of plantation modular tank offers some plantation eyelets, and the green root planted stretches in the plantation modular tank of filling planting substrate from plantation eyelet, and by sponge by plantation eyelet and green plant between gap stopper;
Construction wall is provided with the water inlet manifold arranged along purlin direction, water inlet manifold connects multiple drip irrigation distributive pipes, the drip irrigation hose of some apopores is offered in the end connection of each drip irrigation distributive pipe, drip irrigation hose is placed in the top of plantation modular tank, and in plantation modular tank, the position corresponding with the apopore of drip irrigation hose offers drip irrigation groove.
A kind of improvement constructed as above-mentioned greening, water inlet manifold connects with water pump, water storage barrel successively, water storage barrel storage rainwater and family's washing sewage.Connector is vertically pre-buried according to the spacing of 600~900mm in construction wall building process.Vertical a height of the 1000~1200mm of plantation modular tank, internal diameter thickness is 100mm.Planting eyelet in plantation modular tank to be staggered by matrix form, its aperture is 25~35mm, and the spacing between adjacent plantation eyelet is 15cm.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
Establish a set of combined systems such as the design of collection facade greening, construction, maintenance, utilize the plantation module from wound, plant species on facade, reach construction low cost, use safety, life-span long, the features such as management is easy, expense is low, effective, are truly realized the vertical planting of facade.Irrigate in conjunction with the greening of rain sewage collection system opposite, to improve water utilization rate, reduce energy consumption, cost-effective.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the side schematic view of water-saving building facade greening structure.
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of water-saving building facade greening structure.
Fig. 3 is the front schematic view of water-saving building facade greening structure.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged diagram in Fig. 2 at A.
In figure, the implication of reference is as follows:
1-water inlet manifold, 2-purlin, 31-drip irrigation hose, 32-drip irrigation distributive pipe, 33-drip irrigation groove, 4-buckle, 5-planting matrix, 6-kind plant that eyelet, 7-green plant, 8-construction wall, 9-kind plant modular tank, 10-connector.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings optimal way of the present utility model is described in further detail.
This utility model mainly utilizes plantation module to combine with framework and realizes wall greening, specifically each plantation modular tank is fixed on framework by rationally overlap joint, and the collection combining rain sewage carries out drip irrigation with recycling to green the planting of metope.Referring to Fig. 1-3, the vertical height of single plantation modular tank 9 controls between 1000~1200mm, and plantation modular tank 9 hollow also fills full planting matrix, and the internal diameter thickness of plantation modular tank 9 is designed as 100mm.
Incorporated by reference to Fig. 4, above-mentioned each plantation modular tank 9 is disposed and is provided with the plantation eyelet 6 being easy to plant growing outside direction, the aperture design of plantation eyelet 6 is between 25~35mm, plantation eyelet 6 presses matrix form at plantation modular tank 9 alternate, spacing between adjacent plantation eyelet 6 is about 15cm, need the when of field planting to be fixed on the vertical plane by plant with sponge, the most both may insure that plant stability grew, the loss of growth substrate can be avoided again.
Owing to plantation module is in vertical body of wall, natural rain cannot be introduced in planting medium, needs supporting water system to water.Rainwater and family's washing sewage can be collected, for the green pouring planted of facade.Therefore need in position, nearly water source to design water tank or water storage barrel, water pump, water pump connection water inlet manifold 1, water inlet manifold 1 by multiple drip irrigation distributive pipes 32 by rain sewage transport to each plantation module, the drip irrigation hose 31 of some apopores is offered in the end connection of each drip irrigation distributive pipe 32, drip irrigation hose 31 is placed in plantation modular tank 9 top, and in plantation modular tank 9, the position corresponding with the apopore of drip irrigation hose 31 offers drip irrigation groove 33.
Drip irrigation hose 31 typically uses soft PE material to make, and uses 16mm caliber pipe material under normal circumstances.Each apopore on drip irrigation hose 31 processes through paster can be effectively prevented blocking.Drip irrigation pipe is the highest to the performance requirement of water pump, and power 370W, lift 3000mm can meet needs.The distance of each apopore is 200mm, and every hole water yield is 2.5L/h, waters unsuitable too much every time, and the good water-retaining property of module needs water less.Drip irrigation is possible not only to be placed on the surface of substrate, it is also possible to being embedded in inside substrate and do not affect work, the laying length of single tube is at most up to 500m.
The load-bearing built in view of facade greening module and wall connecting, the substrate for plant growing cannot direct rural area soil.Rural area soil not only insect pest disease potential risk is high, and heavier mass, and long-time plantation easily occurs that soil compaction is unfavorable for plant long term growth, and the plantation nutrient matrix therefore selected must have lightweight, the loose important feature such as moderate.This growth substrate is mixed by 1:1:1 by peat soil, cinder, wood flour, and this type of Light media not only lighter weight, water-holding capacity is big, aeration good and beneficially plant growing, and low price.The density of normal soil is about 2.6~2.8t/m3, and the density of this substrate typically only 0.4~0.6t/m3Even if density time water supply in media is saturated is not more than 0.8t/m3, so this Light media does not results in excessive impact to framework load-bearing.
During construction and installation, construction wall 8 in building process vertically according to 600~900mm spacing built-in metal connector 10.The purlin 2 of vertical direction is welded with connector 10, thus provides, for installing of plantation module, the basis consolidated.In plantation modular tank 9, insert planting matrix 5, and plant 7 by green sequentially avenue system enters casing, with sponge, plantation eyelet 6 and the green gap planted between 7 are stoppered.Then kind is had the green plantation modular tank 9 planted be installed on purlin 2 by buckle 4.According to metope size and green class of planting, block size, packing density etc. suitably can be regulated.Arrange finally along purlin 2 direction and connect rain, the water inlet manifold 1 of sewage collection equipment, this water inlet manifold 1 one is attached with rain sewage collecting water tank and water pump at equipment room, other end is sequentially connected with drip irrigation distributive pipe 32 and drip irrigation hose 31, is arranged along drip irrigation groove 33 by drip irrigation hose 31 on plantation modular tank 9 top.Certainly, drip irrigation hose 31 herein can also select directly to imbed planting matrix 5 inside.
Above embodiment is only to be described preferred implementation of the present utility model; not scope of the present utility model is defined; on the premise of without departing from this utility model design spirit; various deformation that the technical solution of the utility model is made by those of ordinary skill in the art and improvement, all should fall in the protection domain that this utility model claims determine.

Claims (5)

1. a water-saving building facade greening structure, it is characterised in that:
Construction wall (8) is provided with the purlin (2) that some vertical direction are arranged, each purlin (2) is connected with the some connectors (10) being embedded in advance in construction wall (8), and some plantation modular tank (9) are arranged on each purlin (2) by the buckle (4) at its back;
The front of plantation modular tank (9) offers some plantation eyelets (6), the green root of (7) of planting is from planting in the plantation modular tank (9) that eyelet (6) stretches into filling planting substrate (5), and plantation eyelet (6) and the green gap planted between (7) is stoppered by sponge;
Construction wall (8) is provided with the water inlet manifold (1) arranged along purlin (2) direction, water inlet manifold (1) connects multiple drip irrigation distributive pipe (32), the drip irrigation hose (31) of some apopores is offered in the end connection of each drip irrigation distributive pipe (32), drip irrigation hose (31) is placed in the top of plantation modular tank (9), and the upper position corresponding with the apopore of drip irrigation hose (31) of plantation modular tank (9) offers drip irrigation groove (33).
2. water-saving building facade greening structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: water inlet manifold (1) connects with water pump, water storage barrel successively, water storage barrel storage rainwater and family's washing sewage.
3. water-saving building facade greening structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: connector (10) is vertically pre-buried according to the spacing of 600~900mm in construction wall (8) building process.
4. water-saving building facade greening structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: vertical a height of the 1000~1200mm of plantation modular tank (9), internal diameter thickness is 100mm.
5. water-saving building facade greening structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: plant eyelet (6) in plantation modular tank (9) and be staggered by matrix form, its aperture is 25~35mm, and the spacing between adjacent plantation eyelet (6) is 15cm.
CN201620305307.7U 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Water -saving building facade afforests structure Expired - Fee Related CN205431403U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620305307.7U CN205431403U (en) 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Water -saving building facade afforests structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620305307.7U CN205431403U (en) 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Water -saving building facade afforests structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205431403U true CN205431403U (en) 2016-08-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724226A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-06 合肥学院 Water-saving building elevation greening structure and construction method
CN106171610A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 王世游 Architecture greening energy conserving system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105724226A (en) * 2016-04-12 2016-07-06 合肥学院 Water-saving building elevation greening structure and construction method
CN105724226B (en) * 2016-04-12 2018-11-20 合肥学院 A kind of water-saving building facade greening building method
CN106171610A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 王世游 Architecture greening energy conserving system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160810

Termination date: 20190412

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee