CN205052408U - Whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device - Google Patents

Whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205052408U
CN205052408U CN201520763672.8U CN201520763672U CN205052408U CN 205052408 U CN205052408 U CN 205052408U CN 201520763672 U CN201520763672 U CN 201520763672U CN 205052408 U CN205052408 U CN 205052408U
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water
capillary
storage bag
water storage
water delivery
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CN201520763672.8U
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徐生荣
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Zhidan Baolongcang Fresh Food Buying And Selling Co Ltd
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Zhidan Baolongcang Fresh Food Buying And Selling Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device, set up a plurality of capillary raceway in the water storage bag including water storage bag and one end, the bottom side of water storage bag is provided with the bond line with the capillary raceway department of meeting, is provided with on the lateral surface of water storage bag and fastens the hole of restricting, and the sack of water storage bag is tieed up sealedly through the rope. The utility model relates to a whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device in with prior art the hollow water delivery hollow billet of controlling the flood peak of having that buries replace with the capillary water delivery beam tubes of whole built -in tows, the dispersion is supplied water, saves excavation, installation, the stemming operation of burying the ground pipe laying underground, has avoided the use trace to irritate the membrane, and is leading to the end of intaking with the filtration point of water, has avoided the jam of water delivery capillary effectively, the tow that goes out the water end (W. E. ) keeps in close touch with soil, has establish tow capillary - soil capillarity tubule water channel, has made things convenient for to use at gully, steep hillslope, be convenient for rationally arrange the trunk row spacing during operation, and it is with low costs to afforest.

Description

A kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural irrigation technology, relates to a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device.
Background technology
Northern China arid, semiarid zone air humidity is low, and illumination is strong, and strong wind weather is many, and evaporation, transpiration rate are large, and direct seeding forestation and tree planting and crops all need to water in a large number, repeatedly, otherwise not easily survive.But water shortage in north china, particularly sand ground, desert, mountain region, water source is few, water delivery distance and cost is high.For northern Arid&semi-arid area research manufactures, a kind of life-span is long, price is low, water consumption is few, efficiency of water application is high, the afforestation watering apparatus of saving of work and time, is significant.
Within 2008, study successfully and start promote trace irrigation installation, be regarded as one of irrigation installation of economizing on water most.Trace irrigation water is stored in the storage tank on a little higher than ground, and rely on gravity transfer in buried hollow billet, water is transported near crop rhizosphere by control head in hollow billet automatically.The water side of control head is bundle of capillary tubes, and bundle of capillary tubes and soil close contact, utilize soil capillary power to absorb water, and continuously supplies water to plant rhizosphere, need for plant growth with minimum flow.Because flow is minimum, and be groundwater supply, therefore do not produce irrigation water to underground leakage, do not produce evaporation of soil moisture.The nucleus equipment that this trace is irrigated is control head and filter.Control head is made up of water inlet, control head chamber, delivery port three part, wherein controls in head chamber to be provided with to be called as the filter membrane that trace fills with film, plays the effect of filtering irrigation water.Water outlet is the bundle of capillary tubes that a lot of root is in juxtaposition, and moisture infiltrates soil by capillary.The water absorbing capacity of root system of plant and rhizosphere surrounding soil regulates the size of water demand and the height of soil water potential automatically along with plant self, the absorption ability of irrigation water in control head is also changed thereupon, effective water supply can be provided to root system of plant soil layer continuously, evenly, in appropriate amount, thus stop water resource waste to greatest extent.
But still have following defect in above-mentioned prior art: 1, trace filling film is positioned at pipeline, and be embedded in underground, the granule impurity filtered under intercepting can deposit, the trace piled up in capillary is filled with on film, when accumulation of thick, in the situations such as such as service life is comparatively of a specified duration, irrigation water sediment charge is large, easily block.2, control head and water-supply-pipe are connected as a single entity, when afforesting for planting tree in arid area, bundle of capillary tubes and delivery port must be adjusted near planting stock or find bundle of capillary tubes delivery port planting stock, being not easy to reasonable arrangement seeding row spacing, particularly gully, steep hillslope, uses very inconvenience; (3) cost is high.Planting site all lays buried trace irrigation pipe, by 2 × 3 meters of seeding row spacings, and every 667 square metres of roughing-ins 222 meters, 5.5 yuan every meter, material cost, more than 1200 yuan, adds excavation, installation, stemming operation, every 667 construction cost per square meters, more than 1800 yuan, amount to every strain sapling 16 yuan.For reducing cost of forestation, taking each sapling that 1.5 meters long one section of traces are installed and irrigating hollow billets, one, band control head, every 667 square metres with 111, add 111 water storage bags, cost is more than 1000 yuan, and every strain sapling cost surpasses 9 yuan.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, by preposition for irrigation water filtered points of the prior art to water-supply-pipe water inlet, solve hollow billet in prior art easily to block in underground piping and inconvenience cleaning, in gully, steep hillslope inconvenience use, be not easy to reasonable arrangement seeding row spacing, the problem of afforestation high cost.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is, a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, comprise water storage bag and one end and be arranged at several capillary water-supply-pipes in water storage bag, bottom sides and the capillary water-supply-pipe joint of water storage bag are provided with adhesive layer, the lateral surface of water storage bag is provided with rope hole, and the sack of water storage bag is sealed by rope.
Feature of the present utility model is also,
Capillary water-supply-pipe is made up of inner core and protective sleeve, and inner core is wrapped in protective sleeve.
Inner core is fiber bundle or sponge bundle, and protective sleeve is lighttight plastics or rubber.
Water storage bag is lighttight plastic sack.
The number of the capillary water-supply-pipe that each water storage bag connects is 1 ~ 6.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, the water delivery hollow billet with control head of hollow buried in prior art all replaces with the capillary water delivery beam tube of built-in fabric bundle by the utility model, saves excavation, the stemming operation of burying underground pipe underground; Avoid and use trace to fill with film, prevent blocking in pipe; Because of the existence of capillary force, adopt omnidistance capillary water delivery that moisture can be made to be fed to put down in or local higher than the water storage bag water surface, and eminence will be placed in by water storage bag, simplify installation; Take to disperse water system, need not aqueduct be laid, achieve in gully, steep hillslope operation time be convenient to reasonable arrangement seeding row spacing, structure is simple and cost of forestation is low; By the fiber bundle of water side being wound around at seedling root or spiraling in plant rhizosphere soil and bury, add fiber bundle and soil contact to amass, set up more capillary channel, the flow of water increased between the water in soil and water storage bag is poor, meets the demand of the plants such as sapling to output.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of omnidistance the first embodiment of capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device the second embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the front view of capillary water-supply-pipe in a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device of the utility model, vertical view and end view.
In figure, 1. inner core, 2. protective sleeve, 3. water storage bag, 4. water, 5. rope, 6. crops, 7. soil, 8. ground, 9. adhesive layer, 10. rope hole, 11. capillary water-supply-pipes.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail.
One that the utility model provides omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, as shown in Figure 1, comprise water storage bag 3 and one end and be arranged at capillary water-supply-pipe 11 in water storage bag 3, the other end of capillary water-supply-pipe 11 is buried in the soil adjacent with crops 6 root.
The structure of the first embodiment of a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device that the utility model provides, as shown in Figure 1, the structural representation of fetching water from the bottom side of water storage bag 3 when this installation drawing is water intaking, comprise water storage bag 3 and one end and be arranged at several capillary water-supply-pipes 11 in water storage bag 3, the other end of capillary water-supply-pipe 11 is buried in the soil adjacent with crops 6 root, bottom sides and capillary water-supply-pipe 11 joint of water storage bag 3 are provided with adhesive layer 9, the lateral surface of water storage bag 3 is provided with rope hole 10, the sack of water storage bag 3 is provided with rope 5, the sack of water storage bag 3 tightens sealing by rope 5.By designing adhesive layer 9 in the bottom sides of water storage bag 3 and capillary water-supply-pipe 11 joint, effectively prevent water to spill from the bottom of water storage bag 3, by designing rope hole 10 on the lateral surface of water storage bag 3, can and water storage bag 3 around fixture fixed by rope, effectively prevent strong wind from being blown away by the water storage bag 3 of sky; The number of the capillary water-supply-pipe 11 that each water storage bag 3 bonds can adjust according to the size of real needs and water storage bag 3, can reach best water delivery effect when the number of ordinary circumstance capillary water-supply-pipe 11 is 1 ~ 6.
Capillary water-supply-pipe 11 is made up of inner core 1 and protective sleeve 2, and inner core 1 is wrapped in protective sleeve 2.
Inner core 1 is fiber bundle or sponge bundle, and protective sleeve 2 is lighttight plastics or rubber, and its effect is protection inner core, antiseep, anti-outside air, light enter.
Water storage bag 3 is lighttight plastic sack, and water storage bag 3 can be processed according to need of production, and specification size customizes as required, and generally the amount of being filled with water is not less than 5 kilograms, also can provide water container for oneself.
The second example structure of a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device that the utility model provides, as shown in Figure 2, the structural representation of fetching water from the top of water storage bag 3 when this installation drawing is water intaking, comprise water storage bag 3 and one end and be arranged at capillary water-supply-pipe 11 in water storage bag 3, the other end of capillary water-supply-pipe 11 is buried in the soil adjacent with crops 6 root, tighten sealing between water storage bag 3 sack and capillary water-supply-pipe 11 with rope 5, after preventing water storage bag 3 to fall, current lose.
The difference of Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is, fetched water, and rope 5 lies in the top of water storage bag 3 when adopting the water intaking of scheme shown in Fig. 1 by the bottom of water storage bag 3; When adopting scheme shown in Fig. 2, fetched water by the sack of water storage bag 3 during water intaking, and water storage bag 3 is tightened by rope together with capillary water-supply-pipe 11.
The use principle of a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device of the utility model is: by utilizing the flow of water between the water in water storage bag and soil poor, by skin be fluid-tight plastics, rubber or other material pipe, the internal layer made be fiber bundle (abbreviation inner core) capillary that fiber or sponge are formed, the water in water storage bag is delivered directly in plant rhizosphere soil stably, continuously for plant growth.
Compared with the existing technology, the water delivery hollow billet with control head of hollow buried in prior art replaces with the capillary water delivery beam tube of whole built-in fabric bundle by a kind of omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device of the utility model, save bury underground pipe underground excavation, installation, stemming operation, avoid use trace fill with film; Built-in fabric bundle in water delivery capillary fiber beam tube is embedded in water side in crop root part soil, with soil close contact, set up Fiber bundle capillary pipe-soil capillary water transport channel, thus not between the moistening plant rhizosphere soil that breaks; The water inlet of Fiber bundle capillary pipe has filtration concurrently, prevents blocking in pipe; Supply water with water storage bag dispersion, facilitate in gully, steep hillslope, to use containing gravel difficult excavation; Be convenient to reasonable arrangement seeding row spacing, structure is simple and cost of forestation is low, and existing drip irrigation appliance with the use of, can using water wisely to greatest extent, keep soil permeability, be more conducive to crop growth.

Claims (5)

1. an omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, it is characterized in that, comprise water storage bag (3) and one end and be arranged at several capillary water-supply-pipes (11) in water storage bag (3), bottom sides and capillary water-supply-pipe (11) joint of described water storage bag (3) are provided with adhesive layer (9), the lateral surface of water storage bag (3) is provided with rope hole (10), the sack of water storage bag (3) tightens sealing by rope (5).
2. one according to claim 1 omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device; it is characterized in that; described capillary water-supply-pipe (11) is made up of inner core (1) and protective sleeve (2), and described inner core (1) is wrapped in protective sleeve (2).
3. one according to claim 2 omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, is characterized in that, described inner core (1) is fiber bundle or sponge bundle, and protective sleeve (2) is lighttight plastics or rubber.
4. one according to claim 1 omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, is characterized in that, described water storage bag (3) is lighttight plastic sack.
5. one according to claim 1 omnidistance capillary water delivery filtration irrigation device, is characterized in that, the number of the capillary water-supply-pipe (11) that described each water storage bag (3) connects is 1 ~ 6.
CN201520763672.8U 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device Active CN205052408U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520763672.8U CN205052408U (en) 2015-09-29 2015-09-29 Whole capillary water delivery permeation irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107646605A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water storage for deserted mountain plantation stores fertile system and its cultural method
CN110946063A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-03 东华大学 Fiber bundle body for adaptive water-saving irrigation and wicking irrigation method
CN111350173A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-30 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method for improving drainage of field shallow buried concealed pipe
CN111616032A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-09-04 郑州轻工业大学 Intelligent trace irrigation device utilizing membrane valve to control water

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107646605A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-02-02 福建省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 Water storage for deserted mountain plantation stores fertile system and its cultural method
CN110946063A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-04-03 东华大学 Fiber bundle body for adaptive water-saving irrigation and wicking irrigation method
CN111350173A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-30 中国水利水电科学研究院 Method for improving drainage of field shallow buried concealed pipe
CN111616032A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-09-04 郑州轻工业大学 Intelligent trace irrigation device utilizing membrane valve to control water

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