CN205305441U - Tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves - Google Patents

Tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205305441U
CN205305441U CN201521014762.3U CN201521014762U CN205305441U CN 205305441 U CN205305441 U CN 205305441U CN 201521014762 U CN201521014762 U CN 201521014762U CN 205305441 U CN205305441 U CN 205305441U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tea
place
horizontal
roof
motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201521014762.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖宏儒
韩余
宋志禹
丁文芹
梅松
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN201521014762.3U priority Critical patent/CN205305441U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205305441U publication Critical patent/CN205305441U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves belongs to agricultural machine technical field. The stand in the capable both sides of tea is fixed including the interval to this equipment, the fixed horizontal track in stand upper end, support on the horizontal track and undertake the tea -leaf picker on horizontal frame roof beam, the both sides of tea -leaf picker are the lower extreme respectively and correspond horizontal track constituting the vice motor mounts frame of removal, motor mounts frame's upper end installation output shaft lift driving motor down, lift driving motor's output shaft and vertical lead screw shaft coupling, the vertical lead screw of both sides constitute the screw pair with the nut at horizontal frame roof beam both ends respectively. The utility model discloses no matter tea is capable is differed because of being located hillside fields both sides stand height, still is located the level land, can both conveniently regulate and control the retained water flat -bed machine and set a roof beam in place and remain the level throughout, and can tentatively regulate and control horizontal frame depth of beam as required to the tea -leaf picker is comparatively suitable with the fluffy distance of tea, has rationally properly solved the hills mountain area tea garden tealeaves high efficiency problem of gathering.

Description

A kind of tea place aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of tea plucking device, and especially a kind of tea place aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Existing tea picking machine can be divided into single tea picker by operating type, double lift tea picking machine. Although these tea picking machines achieve the Mechaniaed harvest of Folium Camelliae sinensis to a certain extent, therefore it is greatly improved relative to picked by hand efficiency, but quality instability of picking tea-leaves, labor intensity is big etc., and shortcoming is also promoted with it and day by day highlighted. In recent years, the appearance of self-propelled tea picking machine furthermore achieved that automatization picks tea-leaves, easy and simple to handle laborsaving because it can be driven, but self-propelled tea picking machine can only use in level land, tea place, gentle slope, it is impossible in the operation of tea place, Hills. It can be said that pick tea-leaves in tea place, Hills, the problem of difficulty has become as its main factor for development of restriction.
Retrieve known, application number and name are called 201410001366.0 " the Double-layer tea sicklies for machinery of picking tea-leaves ", application number and name are called that the Chinese patent literature of 201420036081.6 " tea picking machine cutting mechanisms " individually discloses the innovation improvement of cutting mechanism of picking tea-leaves in recent years, application number and name are called that the Chinese patent literature of 201420579336.3 " a kind of intelligence tea picking machines " discloses the reformed AHP of highly automated regulation and control of picking tea-leaves, application number and name are called 201510440563.7, 201520542636.9 the Chinese patent literature of " a kind of electric intelligent green vegetable cropper " then discloses the concrete sensing control circuit that can use for reference. but all non-specific aim solves the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in that: for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, it is proposed to a kind of can properly settle the tea place aviation that tea place, Hills Folium Camelliae sinensis efficiently gathers and picks tea-leaves equipment. It should be noted that this utility model use the physical meaning of " aviation " two word be set up ground supports run rail system in the air, unrelated with traditional aircraft.
In order to achieve the above object, the aviation of this utility model tea place pick tea-leaves equipment basic technical scheme be: include interval and be fixed on the column of tea row both sides, horizontal rail is fixed in described column upper end, described horizontal rail supports and undertakes the tea picking machine on Horizontal machine is set a roof beam in place, respectively lower end, the both sides of described tea picking machine constitutes the motor mounting rack of moving sets with corresponding horizontal rail, output shaft lifting drive motor down is installed in the upper end of described motor mounting rack, the output shaft of described lifting drive motor and vertical screw mandrel shaft coupling, the vertical screw mandrel of both sides set a roof beam in place with Horizontal machine respectively two ends nut constitute screw pair.
During work, on-demand can control both sides respectively and lift the rotation of drive motor, therefore set a roof beam in place by same mechanism tea picking machine Horizontal machine the vertical screw pair of both sides, the user demand of following two aspects can be met: on the one hand simultaneously, no matter tea row is because being positioned at hillside fields and both sides stem height differs, also it is in level land, can regulate and control easily to keep Horizontal machine to set a roof beam in place to remain level, so that tea picking machine is in normal operating state; On the other hand, it is possible to on-demand preliminary regulation and control horizontal frames depth of beam, thus tea picking machine is comparatively suitable with the fluffy distance of tea, it is achieved tapping of better quality. So, rationally properly solve tea place, Hills Folium Camelliae sinensis efficiently to gather problem.
This utility model further improves, the upper installation of setting a roof beam in place of described Horizontal machine is controlled by the accurate adjustment motor of the fluffy highly sensing control circuit of tea, described accurate adjustment motor is in transmission connection by the rotation nut of drive mechanism Yu axial constraint, the elevating screw that described rotation nut and circumference retrain constitutes screw pair, and described elevating screw lower end is connected with the cutting mechanism of tea picking machine. Therefore, it can on the basis of original just successive step through sensing control, accurately adjust cutting mechanism relative to the fluffy height of tea, it is achieved the high-quality of Folium Camelliae sinensis is gathered.
It is that the roller supporting that the bottom of described motor mounting rack is driven by movable motor is in horizontal rail that this utility model further improves. Therefore tea picking machine can be made automatically to advance along horizontal rail by control movable motor, significantly facilitate operation of picking tea-leaves, and improve working performance further.
Further, the roller supporting that the bottom of described motor mounting rack is driven by movable motor is in horizontal rail.
Further, bearings is passed through in the bottom of motor mounting rack in the lower end of described vertical screw mandrel.
Also further, described Horizontal machine is set a roof beam in place and is extended the support of frame structure, and the fixing guide rod constituting vertical moving sets with vertical guide pin bushing of described support, described vertical guide pin bushing and motor mounting rack are relatively fixed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of this utility model.
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the side view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of Fig. 1 embodiment tea picking machine.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlargement structural representation of Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 embodiment is applied in hillside fields.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
The tea place aviation of the present embodiment is picked tea-leaves shown in equipment basic structure such as Fig. 1,2,3,4,5, the column 1 of tea row both sides it is fixed on including interval, horizontal rail 2 is fixed in column 1 upper end, horizontal rail 2 supports undertake and set a roof beam in place the tea picking machine 4 on 3 at Horizontal machine, respectively lower end, the both sides of tea picking machine 4 constitutes the motor mounting rack 5 of moving sets with corresponding horizontal rail 2, specifically, the roller 7 that the bottom of motor mounting rack 5 is driven through Chain conveyer by remote-controlled walking motor 6 is supported in horizontal rail 2.Output shaft remote-controlled lifting drive motor 8 down is installed in the upper end of motor mounting rack 2, the output shaft of lifting drive motor 8 and vertical screw mandrel 9 shaft coupling, the vertical screw mandrel 9 of both sides set a roof beam in place with Horizontal machine respectively 3 two ends nut 3-1 constitute screw pair, and lower end by bearings in the bottom of motor mounting rack 2, therefore stable and reliable in work. Therefore on-demand can control both sides respectively and lift the rotation of drive motor, adjust horizontal frames depth of beam and horizontal level, no matter tea line position is in hillside fields (referring to Fig. 8) or level land, Horizontal machine can be kept to set a roof beam in place and remain level, and comparatively suitable with the fluffy distance of tea.
Horizontal machine is set a roof beam in place the 3 support 3-2 extending frame structure, and the accurate adjustment motor 10 being controlled by the fluffy highly sensing control circuit of tea is installed, this accurate adjustment motor 10 is in transmission connection in the rotation nut of support 3-2 by Timing Belt 11 drive mechanism and axial constraint, the elevating screw 12 that this rotation nut retrains with circumference constitutes screw pair, and elevating screw 12 lower end is connected with the cutting mechanism 4-1 of tea picking machine 4. The fixing guide rod 14 constituting accurate vertical moving sets with vertical guide pin bushing 13 of support 3-2, vertical guide pin bushing 13 is relatively fixed with motor mounting rack 5. The employing of the present embodiment is arranged on the ultrasonic sensor 15 on front side of support 3-2, its signal output part connects the controlled end of accurate adjustment motor by sensing control circuit, when it detects after fluffy height relief situation of picking tea-leaves, transfer signals to control circuit, accurate adjustment motor is regulated and controled again by control circuit, drive with elevating screw screw pair by rotating nut, and guided by accurate vertical moving sets, it is achieved accurately adjusting in real time of the tea picking machine cutting mechanism cutting-height on initial adjustment basis. Sensing control circuit is prior art, and it is circuit disclosed in 201420262948.X Chinese patent that the present embodiment directly uses application number, it is possible to referring to the technical scheme of application number 201510440563.7,201520542636.9 Chinese patent, separately do not repeat.
The upper and lower shaving shape cutting knife of reciprocating motion that the cutting mechanism of the present embodiment tea picking machine is driven by eccentric wheel sliding block mechanism is constituted, and its typical structure is the Chinese patent of 201320083128.X referring to application number. The rear side of cutting mechanism is equipped with collecting bag, and air port 16 is discharged equipped with towards the one of collecting bag in front upper place, and equipped with the blower fan 17 of driven by motor on support 3-2, the blowing mouth of this blower fan picks out air port 16 by flexible pipe 18. During work, it is possible to by wind-force, the Folium Camelliae sinensis under cutting is blown in collecting bag, complete Folium Camelliae sinensis and collect.
The tea picking machine of the present embodiment is positioned on horizontal rail together with its holder part, just successive step height and level are opened in remote control, start after advancing, and sensing device will accurately adjust the height of cutting mechanism of picking tea-leaves in real time by control circuit, cutting is picked tea-leaves, and collects by wind. So pluck complete line by line, until completing whole operations in tea place. Whole process remote manipulation with automatically adjust combination, easily simply.
It was verified that the present embodiment is very suitable for picking tea-leaves in sloping fields tea garden, solve the Mechaniaed harvest difficult problem in tea place, Hills well; And adopting aerial conveyor, aviation is picked tea-leaves, occupying tea place area little, the real-time accurate adjustment that is just in harmonious proportion combines, and the tea place of the various gradients is had very strong adaptability, it is achieved that efficiently high-quality Folium Camelliae sinensis is gathered.

Claims (5)

1. a tea place aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, the column of tea row both sides it is fixed on including interval, horizontal rail is fixed in described column upper end, described horizontal rail supports and undertakes the tea picking machine on Horizontal machine is set a roof beam in place, it is characterized in that: respectively lower end, the both sides of described tea picking machine constitutes the motor mounting rack of moving sets with corresponding horizontal rail, output shaft lifting drive motor down is installed in the upper end of described motor mounting rack, the output shaft of described lifting drive motor and vertical screw mandrel shaft coupling, set a roof beam in place with the Horizontal machine respectively nut at two ends of the vertical screw mandrel of both sides constitutes screw pair.
2. tea place according to claim 1 aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, it is characterized in that: the upper installation of setting a roof beam in place of described Horizontal machine is controlled by the accurate adjustment motor of the fluffy highly sensing control circuit of tea, described accurate adjustment motor is in transmission connection by the rotation nut of drive mechanism Yu axial constraint, the elevating screw that described rotation nut and circumference retrain constitutes screw pair, and described elevating screw lower end is connected with the cutting mechanism of tea picking machine.
3. tea place according to claim 2 aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, it is characterised in that: the roller supporting that the bottom of described motor mounting rack is driven by movable motor is in horizontal rail.
4. tea place according to claim 3 aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, it is characterised in that: the lower end of described vertical screw mandrel by bearings in the bottom of motor mounting rack.
5. tea place according to claim 4 aviation is picked tea-leaves equipment, it is characterized in that: described Horizontal machine is set a roof beam in place and extended the support of frame structure, the fixing guide rod constituting vertical moving sets with vertical guide pin bushing of described support, described vertical guide pin bushing and motor mounting rack are relatively fixed.
CN201521014762.3U 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves Expired - Fee Related CN205305441U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521014762.3U CN205305441U (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521014762.3U CN205305441U (en) 2015-12-09 2015-12-09 Tea garden aviation equipment of picking tea -leaves

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205305441U true CN205305441U (en) 2016-06-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409446A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Aeronautical tea plucking equipment in tea garden
CN105993387A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-12 扬州市邗江德昌塑料厂 Intelligent tea picking robot and tea picking method thereof
CN107231889A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-10 崔金芬 Automate tea picking machine

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409446A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-23 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Aeronautical tea plucking equipment in tea garden
CN105409446B (en) * 2015-12-09 2017-10-13 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of tea place aviation, which is picked tea-leaves, equips
CN105993387A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-12 扬州市邗江德昌塑料厂 Intelligent tea picking robot and tea picking method thereof
CN105993387B (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-05-01 扬州市邗江德昌塑料厂 A kind of intelligence tea picking robot and its tea picking method
CN107231889A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-10-10 崔金芬 Automate tea picking machine
CN107231889B (en) * 2017-07-31 2019-05-21 崔金芬 Automate tea picking machine

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160615

Termination date: 20171209