Increase and decrease compound five axle processing center machine tools
The utility model relates to a kind of processing center machine tool, relates in particular to the compound five axle machining centers of a kind of increase and decreaseLathe.
3D printing technique (increasing material manufacturing technology) is that a lot of developed countries of the present stage world are all being devoted to researchA kind of novel product mode of production, there are the more not available advantages of industry such as tradition casting forging due to it,Along with the continuous maturation of its technology, will bring a new Industrial Revolution. And 5-axis machining center is doneFor the high-end product of machine industry, aspect the processing of some abnormity or complex parts, also play irreplaceableEffect. The compound five axis processing machine beds of increase and decrease that form in conjunction with above two kinds of technology can be realized complex partsFrom being generated to whole operations of processed finished products, really realize and having grown out of nothing.
Utility model content
The technical problem that the utility model solves is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides one both can enterRow increases material manufacture, also can remove materials processing to workpiece, and can freely switch by betweenIncrease and decrease compound five axle processing center machine tools.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is that A/C axle cradle-type turntable and Y-axis driving are installed on lathe bedSystem, Y-axis drive systems crossbeam moves along Y direction, and X-axis drive system is installed in crossbeam, and X-axis is drivenMoving system drive ram frame moves along X-direction, and Z axis drive system is installed in ram frame, and Z axis drive system is drivenMoving ram main shaft moves along Z-direction, and laser dusting device and tool magazine are installed in lathe bed. A/C axle cradle-typeTurntable can be realized independent rotation or the linkage rotation of A, C axle, and tool magazine is for laying cutter that lathe uses alsoRealize automatic tool changer function.
Laser dusting device comprises water cooling unit for laser system, laser generator, powder conveyor and laser sprayProstitute. Laser system is used for cooling laser generator and laser dust nozzle with water cooling unit. Increasing and decreasing compound five axles addsWork center lathe also comprises water cooling unit for lathe, chip cleaner and regulator cubicle. Lathe is used for cooling cunning with water cooling unitPillow main shaft, chip cleaner is for the collection of machine tooling iron filings, and regulator cubicle is laid for the electrical equipment of lathe.Lathe can be realized freely changing of cutter and laser dust nozzle man-hour adding, in the time that needs increase material and manufacture, and ramMain axle moving is to laser dust nozzle placement location and stop rotatablely moving of ram main shaft, captures laser dust nozzle,Then increase material manufacture. Add man-hour when needs subtract material, ram main shaft is placed back former by laser dust nozzlePosition, then move to the tool changing point position of tool magazine, captures needed cutter and recovers main shaft and rotatablely move,The part increasing after material is carried out to machining.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that the compound five axle processing center machine tools of increase and decrease not only can complete aviation boatMy god, the tradition five axle parts batch processing of the main industries such as military project, mould and automobile, be also specially adapted toThe rapid shaping that comprises the trial-production complex parts of medical parts, photograph single production product and aircraft, automobile addsWork, saves its trial time. The workpiece shape that cannot realize as casting, forging etc. for some traditional approachWith structure also can processing and manufacturing. Thereby can make product structure more optimize, simplify procedure and technique,Enhance productivity and properties of product.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view that the utility model increases and decreases compound five axle processing center machine tools;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
In figure, be labeled as: 1-lathe bed, 2-A/C axle cradle-type turntable, 3-Y axle drive system, 4-crossbeam,5-X axle drive system, 6-ram frame, 7-Z axle drive system, 8-ram main shaft, 9-laser dusting device,10-tool magazine, 11-lathe water cooling unit, 12-chip cleaner, 13-regulator cubicle, 91-laser system water cooling unit,92-laser generator, 93-powder conveyor, 94-laser dust nozzle
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, increase and decrease compound five axle processing center machine tools, A/C axle is installed on lathe bed 1Cradle-type turntable 2 and Y-axis drive system 3, Y-axis drive system 3 drives crossbeam 4 to move along Y direction, horizontal strokeThe interior installation X-axis of beam 4 drive system 5, X-axis drive system 5 drives ram frame 6 to move along X-direction, ramThe interior installation Z axis of frame 6 drive system 7, Z axis drive system 7 drives ram main shaft 8 to move along Z-direction, bedLaser dusting device 9 and tool magazine 10 are installed in body 1. A/C axle cradle-type turntable 2 can be realized A, C axleSeparately rotation or linkage rotation, tool magazine 10 is for the cutter laying lathe and use and realize automatic tool changer function.
Laser dusting device 9 comprises water cooling unit 91 for laser system, laser generator 92, powder conveyor 93With laser dust nozzle 94. Laser system uses water cooling unit 91 for cooling laser generator 92 and laser dust nozzle94. Increase and decrease compound five axle processing center machine tools and also comprise water cooling unit 11 for lathe, chip cleaner 12 and regulator cubicle13. Lathe is with water cooling unit 11 for cooling ram main shaft 8, and chip cleaner 12 is for increasing and decreasing compound five axle processingThe collection of iron filings in heart machine tooling, regulator cubicle 13 is for increasing and decreasing the electric unit of compound five axle processing center machine toolsPart is laid. Increase and decrease compound five axle processing center machine tools add can realize man-hour cutter and laser dust nozzle fromBy changing, in the time that needs increase material manufacture, ram main axle moving, to laser dust nozzle placement location, stops ram masterRotatablely moving and capturing laser dust nozzle of axle, then increases material manufacture. When subtracting material, needs add man-hour,Laser dust nozzle is placed back original position by ram main shaft, then move to the tool changing point position of tool magazine, captures requiredThe cutter of wanting also recovers main shaft and rotatablely moves, and the part increasing after material is carried out to machining.
The compound five axle processing center machine tools of increase and decrease of the present utility model not only can complete Aero-Space, military project, mouldThe tradition five axle parts batch processing of the main industries such as tool and automobile, are also specially adapted to comprise zero of medical treatmentPart, according to the rapid shaping processing of the complex parts such as single trial-production parts of producing product and aircraft, automobile, jointEconomize its trial time. And the workpiece shape that cannot realize as casting, forging etc. for some traditional approach andStructure also can processing and manufacturing. Thereby can make product structure more optimize, simplify procedure and technique,Enhance productivity and properties of product.