CN108067881A - A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool - Google Patents

A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108067881A
CN108067881A CN201710971402.XA CN201710971402A CN108067881A CN 108067881 A CN108067881 A CN 108067881A CN 201710971402 A CN201710971402 A CN 201710971402A CN 108067881 A CN108067881 A CN 108067881A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
processing
machine tool
processed
numerically
controlled machine
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Pending
Application number
CN201710971402.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张永耀
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Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd Suzhou
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Pml Precision Mechanism Ltd Suzhou
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Priority to CN201710971402.XA priority Critical patent/CN108067881A/en
Publication of CN108067881A publication Critical patent/CN108067881A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/04Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass for both machining and other metal-working operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P17/00Metal-working operations, not covered by a single other subclass or another group in this subclass

Abstract

Integrate cutting, tapping etc. and reduce the numerically-controlled machine tool processing method that technique and welding, 3D printing of processed product material etc. increase the technique of processed product material, including:Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool, processed product material is reduced, increases processed product material, cyclic process.Put on fixture and gauge wherein inside numerically-controlled machine tool clamp product clamp plate, described clamps plate with multiple stations, effectively improve product processing efficiency, in addition the transverse direction of cutter is provided with inside numerically-controlled machine tool, longitudinal movement rail and angle rotating device, product is accurately processed in realization, directly replacement can be realized with increasing the instrument of processed product material by reducing the cutter of knife product material to be processed, save lathe inner space, various objects are formed on product by 3D printing or welding manner, the increase material and reduction material cycled to product, realize the processing of internal complex product.

Description

A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool
Technical field
It is specially a kind of to have the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool the invention belongs to field of machining Processing method.
Background technology
Numerically-controlled machine tool is the abbreviation of numerically-controlled machine tool, is a kind of automated machine tool equipped with program control system, the control The processing that system processed is capable of logic has control coding or other symbolic instruction regulated procedures, and is decoded, with code Digital representation, by information carrier input numerical control device, various control signals are sent by numerical control device through calculation process, control The action of lathe, shape and size by drawing, automatically processes product.For existing equipment, mainly have with Under several shortcomings:One, the welding on product, cutting, printing all separate individually to process, inconvenient for operation;Secondly, Processing stations for product are also single, and along with tool magazine tool changing is returned to after processing every time, efficiency is low, 3rd, present equipment can only carry out product individually easy welding, cutting, printing, run into the product of internal structure complexity all It is first to be additionally carried out artificial processing, efficiency is low, and machining accuracy is not high through machine tooling.The some spies of common processing method Some features of fixed product or its product can not directly be processed into finished product or can not be directly realized by.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention proposes that collection cutting, tapping etc. reduce technique and the weldering of processed product material Connect, 3D printing etc. increases the numerically-controlled machine tool processing method that the technique of processed product material is integrated, including:By processed product It is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool, reduces processed product material, increases processed product material, Xun Huan adds Work.The plate that clamps for clamping product is put on fixture and gauge wherein inside numerically-controlled machine tool, described clamps plate with multiple works Position, effectively improves product processing efficiency, is provided with transverse direction, longitudinal movement rail and the angle of cutter inside numerically-controlled machine tool in addition Rotating device realizes and product is accurately processed that the cutter for reducing knife product material to be processed can be with increasing processed product The instrument of material realizes that programme-control is replaced automatically, saves lathe inner space, is formed by 3D printing or be welded on product Various target shapes, the increase material cycled to product and reduce material, the processing of complex product inside or outside realization
The content of the invention
A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool, including:
Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool:Product to be processed is fixed on fixture On plate, and jig plate is fixed on numerically-controlled machine tool Internal jigging or gauge;
Further, 2~10 processing stations are mounted on the jig plate, convenient for cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool with a batch Processing of the secondary completion to multiple products, improves the processing efficiency of product, usually, not all product is all can With what is clamped or be pressed, and in this case, it is necessary in addition increase technique lug on product or be directly molded lug In on product, convenient for product is fixed on jig plate, usually, firm inside numerically-controlled machine tool of product directly affects The processing of product, therefore product can be fixed on using technique lug on jig plate, and then be stable in inside numerically-controlled machine tool.
Reduce processed product material:Cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool to product to be processed reduce the processing of material, The technique of the reduction processed product material mainly includes the manufacturing procedures such as milling, drilling, boring, ream.
Preferably, rotation axis A, B axle are set inside numerically-controlled machine tool.Cutter is allowd to process each of required product A face and each angle.To reduce the difficulty of processing and improve product realizability.
Increase processed product material:The cutter for reducing material technology is moved certainly in lathe by machine tool control system To increase the instrument of material technology, the technique of the increase product is predominantly welded, printed, product is further added Work.Described to print to as 3D printing, 3D printing usually requires to model by computer software, then by the threedimensional model built up point Into section successively, printer is instructed successively to print.Preferably, the 3D printing equipment is also installed on the inside of lathe, Can 3D printing directly be carried out to it when product needs printing, product need not take out to other printing, printing device with Machine tool control system connects, and by Machine-Tool Control its X, Y, Z, A, B, axis, realizes 3D printing of the equipment on product.It is needing to weld The position of processing method is connected in, soldering appliance is changed to by control system automatically, for needing the position welded into line program Automatic welding processing under control.
Cyclic process:Further reduction material technology is carried out to product and increases material technology, according to actual product Demand itself, on the product there is still a need for position of processing, further processing is realized to product.That is according to production The characteristic of product or requirement can carry out the processing of reduction material for several times and increase the processing technology of material.
In general, simple product only needs to carry out the processing that milling, drilling, boring, ream etc. reduce product material Process, therefore the processing method that numerically-controlled machine tool in the market is only reduced material technology, for complicated product, except will be to production Product reduce outside the processing technology of material, also to carry out increasing the processing of product material to product.Further, complexity is produced The flow of product processing to pass through it is multiple reduce material and multiple increase material, complete multiple cutting to product, welding, The processes such as printing.The work flow to product is cut according to the actual demand of product, is welded, is printed, described Procedure of processing towards processed products is arranged in processing program by product processing in advance according to the actual conditions of product, by It is suitable to the specific implementation work flow of product and the often Working position of procedure, processing that machine tool control system runs processing program Sequence, processing times.
It is further preferred that, the processing technology of the reduction product material and the processing technology of increase product material are It is completed in same numerically-controlled machine tool, the processing of the numerically-controlled machine tool is by the program setting worked out.
Using a kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described above, Ke Yiti The processing efficiency of high product realizes that the integration to product produces, all millings, the brill of product is completed in same a machine tool It cuts, boring, ream etc. reduce the manufacturing procedure of product material and increase the processing work of product material including welding, printing etc. Sequence sets processing program according to the actual requirement of product, realizes and carry out specific work flow to product, using the folder of multistation Tool plate can realize that same batch completes the processing to multiple products, save the tool change time of cutter in addition, pass through cutter traverse Direction guiding rail and cutter longitudinal rail realize movement of the cutter in laterally longitudinal direction, meet the processing to each position of product, pass through rotation The processing to the multiple angles of product is completed in the rotation of shaft A, B axle, and machining accuracy is high, increases the instrument used in material technology It is same set of with the control system reduced used in material technology, saves numerically-controlled machine tool inner space, is beaten by control system realization The printing or welding of printing apparatus each position on product, will effectively increase product material processing and material reducing processing concentrates on a number of units It is realized in control machine, and repeatedly increases material, the fabrication design machined to product of material reducing to product..
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment 1:
A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool, including:
Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool:Product to be processed is fixed on fixture On plate, and jig plate is fixed on numerically-controlled machine tool Internal jigging or gauge;
Reduce processed product material:Cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool to product to be processed reduce the processing of material, The technique of the reduction processed product material mainly includes the manufacturing procedures such as milling, drilling, boring, ream;
Increase processed product material:The cutter for reducing material technology, which is changed to, increases the instrument of material technology, described Increase technique predominantly welding, the 3D printing of product material, product is further processed;
Cyclic process:Further reduction material technology is carried out to product and increases material technology, according to actual product Demand itself, on the product there is still a need for position of processing, further processing is realized to product.
Product wherein to be produced is there are one hollow cube structure, and the structure is sealing, passes through machine tool By cutting away on one side for cube structure, the solid construction among square is removed, then by the side cut away welding up, Precision cutting process further is carried out to the product appearance welded.
Specific embodiment 2:
A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool, including:
Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool:Product to be processed is fixed on fixture On plate, and jig plate is fixed on numerically-controlled machine tool Internal jigging or gauge;
Reduce processed product material:Cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool to product to be processed reduce the processing of material, The technique of the reduction processed product material mainly includes the manufacturing procedures such as milling, drilling, boring, ream;
Increase processed product material:The cutter for reducing material technology, which is changed to, increases the instrument of material technology, described The technique for increasing product is predominantly welded, printed, and product is further processed;
Cyclic process:Further reduction material technology is carried out to product and increases material technology, according to actual product Demand itself, on the product there is still a need for position of processing, further processing is realized to product.
Wherein processed product is a cube structure, and the structure inside the square is a concave, external It is the tree leaf-shaped structure of 3D, by machine tool removing on one side by product, process equipment adds solid construction therein Work is welded on one side after processing by what is originally removed, finally the 3D leaves in the printing of the outside of product.
Specific embodiment 3:
A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool, including:
Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool:Product to be processed is fixed on fixture On plate, and jig plate is fixed on numerically-controlled machine tool Internal jigging or gauge;
Reduce processed product material:Cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool to product to be processed reduce the processing of material, The technique of the reduction processed product material mainly includes the manufacturing procedures such as milling, drilling, boring, ream;
Increase processed product material:The cutter for reducing material technology, which is changed to, increases the cutter of material technology, described The technique for increasing product is predominantly welded, printed, and product is further processed;
Cyclic process:Further reduction material technology is carried out to product and increases material technology, according to actual product Demand itself, on the product there is still a need for position of processing, further processing is realized to product.
Wherein processed product is the pipe of an a length of 80mm, is corrugated curve entity knot in the pipe Structure, outer ring are the decorative patterns of dragon and phoenix, are welded by the way that soldering appliance is sectional to pipe inside, are welded as 10mm every time, Welding is processed it after completing, processing can not a step realize waveform curve, it is necessary to welded again, again plus Work after 10mm sections are completed, further carries out the processing of following pipe, and after inside machines, product is carried out Welding, and in the dragon and phoenix decorative pattern of outer ring printing 3D.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Cannot the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention therefore be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool, including:
Processed product is put on the fixture or gauge inside numerically-controlled machine tool:Product to be processed is fixed on jig plate On, and jig plate is fixed on numerically-controlled machine tool Internal jigging or gauge;
Reduce processed product material:Cutter in numerically-controlled machine tool to product to be processed reduce the processing of material, described The technique of reduction processed product material mainly include the manufacturing procedures such as milling, drilling, boring, ream;
Increase processed product material:The cutter for reducing material technology, which is changed to, increases the instrument of material technology, the increase The technique of product is predominantly welded, 3D printing, and product is further processed;
Cyclic process:Further reduction material technology is carried out to product and increases material technology, according to the sheet of actual product Body demand on the product there is still a need for position of processing, realizes product further processing.
2. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:2~10 processing stations are mounted on the jig plate, the processing to multiple products is completed convenient for same batch, Improve the processing efficiency of product.
3. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:It needs in addition to increase technique lug on for converted products or directly takes shape in lug on product, convenient for product is fixed In on jig plate.
4. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:The cutter or instrument can be directed to each face of processed product by the X, Y, Z, A, B axle that are arranged in lathe Or each angle carries out material reducing or increases material processing.
5. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:The product increase material cutter and guide rail used in product material reducing instrument and corresponding control system be it is same set of, when After carrying out material reducing processing technology to product, all material reducing process tools return to tool magazine, change all works for increasing material Product Process into Tool carries out product the good processing of program setting.
6. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:Equipment in the increasing material technique is installed on the inside of lathe, can be directly to it when the printing of product needs or welding It is printed or is welded, product need not be taken out in addition printing or welding, printing and welding equipment and machine tool control system Connection by the X, Y, Z, A, B axle of machine tool control system control, realizes 3D printing or welding of the equipment on product.
7. having the function of the processing method for increasing material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool as described in claim 1, feature exists In:The work flow of product according to the actual demand of product is cut, welded, is printed, the product processing root Procedure of processing towards processed products is arranged in processing program in advance according to the actual conditions of product, it is straight by machine tool control system Connect specific work flow of the control to product and the Working position per procedure, processing sequence, processing times.
CN201710971402.XA 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 A kind of processing method for having the function of to increase material and material reducing simultaneously in numerically-controlled machine tool Pending CN108067881A (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205237672U (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-18 大连三垒机器股份有限公司 Compound five -axis machining center lathe of increase and decrease
CN106273440A (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-01-04 王晓光 Rapid shaping technique in high precision
CN107127583A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-05 大连理工大学 Ultrasonic cutting is applied to the equipment and processing method in powder feeding formula increase and decrease material composite manufacturing

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106273440A (en) * 2015-05-14 2017-01-04 王晓光 Rapid shaping technique in high precision
CN205237672U (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-05-18 大连三垒机器股份有限公司 Compound five -axis machining center lathe of increase and decrease
CN107127583A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-05 大连理工大学 Ultrasonic cutting is applied to the equipment and processing method in powder feeding formula increase and decrease material composite manufacturing

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Application publication date: 20180525

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