CN205147331U - Automatic upper and lower skip bed - Google Patents

Automatic upper and lower skip bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205147331U
CN205147331U CN201520781396.8U CN201520781396U CN205147331U CN 205147331 U CN205147331 U CN 205147331U CN 201520781396 U CN201520781396 U CN 201520781396U CN 205147331 U CN205147331 U CN 205147331U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lathe
unloading
mechanical arm
axis
finger
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520781396.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡再嘉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xiamen Xinlujia Robot Technology Co Ltd
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Xiamen Xinlujia Robot Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Priority to CN201520781396.8U priority Critical patent/CN205147331U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205147331U publication Critical patent/CN205147331U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic upper and lower skip bed which characterized in that: the lathe is the numerical control range of driving, and it includes workstation, control box and low -lying flatland frame, the control box is located workstation one side, and the low -lying flatland erects on the workstation, the low -lying flatland frame includes vertical support, erects X axle slide rail horizontal on vertical support and the Z axle arm of sliding connection on X axle slide rail, install wrist and its on the Z axle arm and move along X axle slide rail by servo motor drives, unloading mechanism in the automation of formation lathe. Automatic upper and lower skip bed in the higher production of great, processing frequency in batches, adopt about automatic the flich case to compare that the tradition is artifical to be gone up the unloading and have very big advantage.

Description

Automatic loading/unloading lathe
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of lathe, especially relates to a kind of numerically controlled lathe crossing automatic loading/unloading.
Background technology
The workpiece quality that existing numerically controlled lathe is generally processed is within 10kg, therefore the charging and discharging mechanism of existing that lathe of gargling is generally semi-automatic or manually, it is long that such charging and discharging mechanism and structure can cause loading and unloading work to take the lathe time, and loading and unloading actuation times can with machine tooling time warping, and then improve production and processing cost.
Utility model content
Exist in prior art on the basis of above-mentioned deficiency, the utility model proposes a kind of loading and unloading and take the lathe time less as far as possible, the automatic loading/unloading lathe that actuation time overlaps with the machine tooling time as far as possible.
Concrete technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of automatic loading/unloading lathe, described lathe is the numerical control range of driving, and it comprises workbench, control cabinet and the frame that spreads out, and described control cabinet is positioned at workbench side, and spreads out frame erection on the table; The Z axis mechanical arm that the described frame that spreads out comprises vertical rack, is erected at X-axis slide rail horizontal on vertical rack and is slidably connected on X-axis slide rail, described Z axis mechanical arm is provided with wrist and it is driven by servomotor and moves along X-axis slide rail, forms the automatic loading and unloading mechanism of lathe.
Further, described Z axis mechanical arm is also provided with Y-axis adjustment structure, forms XYZ axle three-axis structure, in order to arrive the optional position of charging tray, complete multiple spot feeding blowing on same charging tray.
Further, described wrist comprises rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger, rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger form a module and are arranged on vertical trusses end, wherein rotary cylinder is arranged on vertical trusses end, the pneumatic-finger of non-holding parts is discharging finger, the pneumatic-finger of holding parts is material loading finger, and it is by rotary cylinder switch, and the moment avoided perpendicular to vertical guide rail occurs.
Further, the device that described Z axis mechanical arm received and sent signal is PLC, adopt relay to isolate with lathe signal, lathe is placed on lathe inside to the signal relay of Z axis mechanical arm, and it is inner that Z axis mechanical arm is placed on manipulator electric box to the signal relay of lathe.
Further, described workbench has feed bin, and this feed bin have can 8 feed bin stations of vertical stacking.
In the production that automatic loading/unloading lathe described in the utility model is comparatively large at batch, processing frequency is higher, adopt automation loading and unloading scheme to compare Traditional Man loading and unloading and there is very large advantage, be mainly reflected in the following aspects (joining two lathes for common a set of manipulator):
1, cost of labor reduces.Traditional artificial loading and unloading, the loading and unloading (deciding according to part processing beat) of a bit manipulation work management one to two lathes, suppose that this procedure has eight lathes in operation, normal need at least four bit manipulation work; And adopt automation scheme, need the part of manual operation to only have feed hopper charging, and in feed bin, material carry out blanking and material loading again after all machining, and therefore only needs maximum two bit manipulation works;
2, reduce product fraction defective, improve part processing stability.The enthusiasm adopting the uniformity of artificial loading and unloading product may work long hours along with employee and fatigue strength change; And adopt automation scheme, the precision of manipulator is high, and the uniformity of product will significantly improve, and the time that the complete feed bin of normal process needs is all more than four hours, the work of operative employee is only the material loading before processing and the blanking after machining, and labour intensity significantly reduces;
3, solution workman mobility is large, recruitment is difficult and worker management's problem.Automaticity is higher, and the workman of needs is fewer, reduces personal management difficulty.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation in the utility model embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object of the utility model embodiment, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.
A kind of automatic loading/unloading lathe, described lathe is the numerical control range of driving, and it comprises workbench 1, control cabinet 2 and the frame 3 that spreads out, and described control cabinet 2 is positioned at workbench 1 side, and the frame 3 that spreads out is erected on workbench 1; The Z axis mechanical arm 33 that the described frame 3 that spreads out comprises vertical rack 31, is erected at X-axis slide rail 32 horizontal on vertical rack 31 and is slidably connected on X-axis slide rail 32, described Z axis mechanical arm 33 is provided with wrist 4 and it is driven by servomotor and moves along X-axis slide rail, forms the automatic loading and unloading mechanism of lathe.
Be positioned at the feed bin 11 on workbench 1 :at present conventional is can 8 station feed bins of vertical stacking, and disk workpiece carries out stacking putting.
Truss 3: state the Z axis mechanical arm 33 that the frame that spreads out comprises vertical rack 31, is erected at X-axis slide rail 32 horizontal on vertical rack 31 and is slidably connected on X-axis slide rail 32.Lathe loading and unloading X-axis slide rail 32 total length is about 6000mm, and Z axis mechanical arm 33 is looked platen height and determined, about 1500mm.X-axis slide rail 32 bottom surface is liftoff high 2000mm, concrete size is as the criterion with product, and translational speed is 120m/min.Experimentally data and working experience draw, X-axis slide rail 32 and Z axis mechanical arm 33 base material select steel reliable.
Lathe loading and unloading common at present adopt mechanical arm to use X-Z diaxon form, positioning accuracy request due to Machinetool workpiece chuck is 0.5mm, this will realistic border in-site installation location time the chuck of two lathes, Z axis mechanical arm, feed bin workpiece position of going forward one by one to accomplish that on same straight line at 4, linearity precision at least will reach 0.2mm, the overall work error of mechanical arm Z axis so just can be made to be no more than the precision 0.5mm of machine chuck, to make gas pawl can complete operation of feeding and discharging accurately to workpiece.
Preferred technical scheme is: field erected various condition restriction, the installation accuracy of 0.2mm is difficult to reach, suggestion increases the adjustment that Y-axis structure 34 can complete fore-and-aft direction, guarantee that lathe, mechanical arm also can complete the operation of loading and unloading smoothly when installing quality of fit and being not up to standard, the implement general plan of system can be effectively reduced like this.Meanwhile, according to the design of the reciprocating charging tray feed bin of previous cycles, mechanical arm just can arrive the optional position of charging tray, complete multiple spot feeding blowing on same charging tray after adopting XYZ three-axis structure.
Wrist 4: wrist 4 comprises rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger composition, and rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger form a module and be arranged on vertical trusses 3 end.In this programme, rotary cylinder is arranged on vertical trusses end, and the pneumatic-finger of non-holding parts is discharging finger, and the pneumatic-finger of holding parts is material loading finger.By rotary cylinder switch, the moment that such structure avoids perpendicular to vertical guide rail occurs.Wrist rotary cylinder and pneumatic-finger select the product of Japanese SMC.
The control system of lathe and automatic loading/unloading is independent separately, but work cooperates again mutually, therefore has a set of mutually current agreement in the middle of them.This just requires that the underlying programs of the CNC of lathe part will make part amendment.Reach cooperation collaborative work.
The three-dimensional detent mechanism that loading and unloading manipulator uses three to be combined into by the linear motion unit of driven by servomotor, not for special services object (as lathe) and operations specific part, independently becomes system.User only need simply connect and programme, and loading and unloading manipulator can be combined with different service object'ss (as lathe) and carry out collaborative work.Below for manipulator clamping workpiece, the loading and unloading manipulator course of work is described.
1, job step:
1) part machines (door is opened), and lathe is to manipulator signal.
2) mechanical, hand-driven accomplishes main shaft front, and clamped processing parts, manipulator is to lathe signal, and main shaft chuck unclamps.Manipulator takes out processing parts.
3) mechanical, hand-driven accomplishes main shaft front, unprocessed workpiece is pushed in main shaft chuck hole and (has block in hole), and manipulator is to lathe signal, and main shaft chuck clamps.
4) manipulator exits lathe, and manipulator is to lathe signal, and door is closed, and starts processing.
2, manipulator and lathe exchange signal:
The device that manipulator received and sent signal is PLC, adopts relay to isolate with lathe signal.Lathe is placed on lathe inside to the signal relay of manipulator, and it is inner that manipulator is placed on manipulator electric box to the signal relay of lathe.
◆ manipulator is to the signal of lathe:
1). clamp processing parts, manipulator request main shaft unclamps chuck.
2). workpiece pushes in main shaft chuck hole, and manipulator request main shaft chuck clamps.
3). manipulator exits lathe, and manipulator request lathe starts processing.
◆ lathe is to the signal of manipulator:
1). part machines, and door is opened.
2). main shaft chuck unclamps.
3). main shaft chuck clamps.
Workflow illustrates:
This programme is to chassis bed loading and unloading, below for the loading and unloading flow process of lathe is that example is described:
2 trumpeters refer to: accommodate position at feeding bin gripping raw material to be processed
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail rises, and horizontal guide rail moves to directly over the lathe process location of workpiece
Control system: wait for that machine tooling completes and send loading and unloading signal
Control system: receiving can loading and unloading signal
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail declines, and enters lathe working region
1 trumpeter refers to: accommodate finished work
Control system: notify that lathe is top and leave workpiece
Rotary cylinder: revolve turnback, will put into machining area for processing work
Control system: notify that lathe is top and add clamping of workpieces
Control system: obtain lathe and step up workpiece signal
2 trumpeters refer to: decontrol
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail rises, and leaves lathe working region
Control system: to machine tool control system generation loading and unloading settling signal
Mechanical arm: horizontal guide rail moves to directly over finished product bin
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail drops to above finished product bin
1 trumpeter refers to: unclamp, and will put into finished product bin to machine workpiece
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail rises, and horizontal guide rail moves to directly over feeding bin
Mechanical arm: vertical guide rail declines
2 trumpeters refer to: accommodate position and process raw material in feeding bin gripping generation
Enter next circulation process.
Each embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model above, but the utility model is not limited to this embodiment, person of ordinary skill in the field possess ken in, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model aim, can also make a variety of changes.Person of ordinary skill in the field is from above-mentioned design, and without performing creative labour, done all conversion, all drop in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. an automatic loading/unloading lathe, is characterized in that: described lathe is the numerical control range of driving, and it comprises workbench, control cabinet and the frame that spreads out, and described control cabinet is positioned at workbench side, and spreads out frame erection on the table; The Z axis mechanical arm that the described frame that spreads out comprises vertical rack, is erected at X-axis slide rail horizontal on vertical rack and is slidably connected on X-axis slide rail, described Z axis mechanical arm is provided with wrist and it is driven by servomotor and moves along X-axis slide rail, forms the automatic loading and unloading mechanism of lathe.
2. automatic loading/unloading lathe according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Z axis mechanical arm is also provided with Y-axis adjustment structure, forms XYZ axle three-axis structure, in order to arrive the optional position of charging tray, completes multiple spot feeding blowing on same charging tray.
3. automatic loading/unloading lathe according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described wrist comprises rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger, rotary cylinder, contiguous block and pneumatic-finger form a module and are arranged on vertical trusses end, wherein rotary cylinder is arranged on vertical trusses end, and the pneumatic-finger of non-holding parts is discharging finger, and the pneumatic-finger of holding parts is material loading finger, it is by rotary cylinder switch, and the moment avoided perpendicular to vertical guide rail occurs.
4. automatic loading/unloading lathe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the device that described Z axis mechanical arm received and sent signal is PLC, relay is adopted to isolate with lathe signal, lathe is placed on lathe inside to the signal relay of Z axis mechanical arm, and it is inner that Z axis mechanical arm is placed on manipulator electric box to the signal relay of lathe.
5. the automatic loading/unloading lathe according to claim 1 or 2 or 4, is characterized in that described workbench has feed bin, and this feed bin have can 8 feed bin stations of vertical stacking.
CN201520781396.8U 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Automatic upper and lower skip bed Expired - Fee Related CN205147331U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520781396.8U CN205147331U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Automatic upper and lower skip bed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520781396.8U CN205147331U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Automatic upper and lower skip bed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205147331U true CN205147331U (en) 2016-04-13

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108032126A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-15 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Automate CNC material Load Systems
CN108907241A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-30 安徽派日特智能装备有限公司 A kind of lathe loading and unloading manipulator
CN110977590A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 乔登卫浴(江门)有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging mechanical arm of numerical control lathe and lathe processing system thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108032126A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-15 大连四达高技术发展有限公司 Automate CNC material Load Systems
CN108907241A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-30 安徽派日特智能装备有限公司 A kind of lathe loading and unloading manipulator
CN110977590A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 乔登卫浴(江门)有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging mechanical arm of numerical control lathe and lathe processing system thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160413

Termination date: 20161010

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee