CN204892446U - Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204892446U
CN204892446U CN201520607776.XU CN201520607776U CN204892446U CN 204892446 U CN204892446 U CN 204892446U CN 201520607776 U CN201520607776 U CN 201520607776U CN 204892446 U CN204892446 U CN 204892446U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
photovoltaic module
walking
axle
stabilizer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520607776.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢振国
任燕娜
汤程
张超
曾映彪
陈丹霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU CHANGJIANG ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU CHANGJIANG ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU CHANGJIANG ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU CHANGJIANG ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520607776.XU priority Critical patent/CN204892446U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204892446U publication Critical patent/CN204892446U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device, including track, washing axle, cleaning brush, walking wheel, stabilizer and motor, the track have two, what the symmetry was parallel establishes in photovoltaic module's both sides, all is equipped with walking wheel and stabilizer in the both sides of rinsing the axle, and the walking wheel all establishes on the track with the stabilizer, wherein the walking of one side take turns by motor drive, the motor also drive through the walking of multi -functional axle ground engaging wheel the time and rinse the axle and rotate, rinsing the epaxial cleaning brush of establishing. The utility model discloses simple structure adopts the drive simultaneously of multi -functional axle to wash axle and walking wheel, effectively simplifies device structural component, realizes the synchronizing function, and the multi -functional axle of the cake made of glutinous rice, sold in sliced pieces has self -locking function, the effective prevention because the belt cleaning device's that photovoltaic module's slope installation caused slip, establish regulating spring on the stabilizer, the walking stationarity of device is guaranteed in the effective balanced initiative walking and the asynchronous produced shear force of turning round of walking passively, has prolonged the life of product simultaneously.

Description

A kind of automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module
Technical field
The utility model relates to photovoltaic solar generating equipment supporting technology field, is specifically related to a kind of automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module.
Background technology
Current photovoltaic plant construction enters the distributed epoch, and policy encourages everybody to utilize building or the adjunct end face Resources Construction distributed photovoltaic power stations such as idle roof, agricultural greenhouse.At present due to Air haze, the reasons such as airborne dust, the photovoltaic battery panel built well there will be dust or spot, light intensity can be weakened, reduce the generated energy of assembly, local dust is covered and may be caused hot spot effect simultaneously, can cause potential safety hazard while loss generated energy.This must relate to assembly cleaning, due to end face be difficult to upper people operation and other severe natural environments are as dangerous in manual operation environment, the workload etc. of serious water shortage, super large, cause the photovoltaic battery panel of how cleaned at regular intervals photovoltaic plant, allow photovoltaic plant network operator rather headache.At present conventional assembly cleaning way has: 1, rainwater natural flushing, and cost is low, rely on natural climate completely, do not wash clean clearly; 2, manual cleaning, the most generally, cleaning performance is good, and human cost is large, is difficult to tissue, is not suitable for roof assembly cleaning; 3, giant cleaning, cost is large, clean up but easily damage assembly; 4, spray system cleaning, cleaning performance is general, and before needing, current cost drops into; 5, professional cleaning car, cleaning performance is good, and cost is large, is only applicable to the surface power station of transportation condition.
Utility model content
Goal of the invention: for the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the invention is the automatic flushing device providing a kind of photovoltaic module, realizes automatically cleaning photovoltaic module, keeps the clean of photovoltaic module, improves generating efficiency.
Technical scheme: in order to realize foregoing invention object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
An automatic flushing device for photovoltaic module, comprises track, cleaning axle, cleaning brush, road wheel, stabilizer and motor; Described track has two, the symmetrical parallel both sides being located at photovoltaic module, and be equipped with road wheel and stabilizer in the both sides of cleaning axle, and road wheel and stabilizer are all established in orbit, wherein the road wheel of side is driven by motor; Described motor also drives cleaning axle to rotate while being walked by multifunctional axial ground-engaging wheel, cleaning axle establishes cleaning brush.
Described track at least comprises the plane of travel being arranged at top and the balance groove be located at side, and described road wheel is positioned in plane of travel, and described stabilizer is located in balance groove.
Described road wheel comprises positive transport wheel and passive walking wheel, and described stabilizer comprises active balancing wheel and passive equilibrium wheel; Described positive transport wheel and active balancing wheel are by the side of support installing at cleaning axle, and described passive walking wheel and passive equilibrium wheel are by the opposite side of support installing at cleaning axle.
The installation shaft of described active balancing wheel is provided with regulating spring.
Described multifunctional axial one end is connected with motor by turbine, and multifunctional axial is provided with gear and teeth groove, and described gear is connected with the shaft end gear of cleaning axle, drives cleaning axle to rotate; Described teeth groove is connected with sprocket wheel by sprocket shaft, and sprocket wheel is walked by chain drive positive transport wheel.
Teeth groove comprises the tooth head being positioned at top, the tooth root being positioned at bottom and connects the flank of tooth of tooth head and tooth root, and the flank of tooth is Irregular Boundary Surface, can adopt any Irregular Boundary Surface with auto-lock function, and typical Irregular Boundary Surface design is as follows:
angle=t*45
x=r*cos(angle)+pi*r*angle*sin(angle)/180
y=r*sin(angle)-pi*r*angle*cos(angle)/180
z=0
General formula, the cartesian coordinate of involute can be expressed as:
Even if when cleaning on the photovoltaic module tilted like this, can stop at an arbitrary position fixing, thus prevent from slipping.Tooth root, chi head, between slow face irregular
Described motor, when fine day by solar electric power Direct driver, be not enough to supplement power drive by battery when driving at rainy weather solar photovoltaic assembly generated energy, cleaning device not duration of work utilize solar photovoltaic assembly to charge a battery, thus safeguards system power supply in 24 hours.
For preventing cleaning device from producing shade to photovoltaic array, affect photovoltaic efficiency, improve motor walking precision, avoid step-out, system adopts closed-loop control system stepper motor.
The automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module of the present utility model, " a kind of photovoltaic module cleaning spray retracting device (ZL201420675959.0) of Long-distance Control " can be coordinated to use, on photovoltaic module, rainwater, spray system is utilized to combine with the utility model device, install that a kind of implementation cost is low, the automatic flushing device of convenient operation, photovoltaic module is cleaned automatically, keeps the clean of photovoltaic module, improve generating efficiency.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module of the present utility model, structure is simple, design ingenious, adopt multifunctional axial to drive cleaning axle and road wheel, effective simplification device structure member, realizes synchronizing function simultaneously, cake made of glutinous rice, sold in sliced pieces multifunctional axial has auto-lock function, effectively stops the inclination due to photovoltaic module to install the slip of the cleaning device caused; Stabilizer establishes regulating spring, and initiatively walking is asynchronous with passive walking produced turns round shear force, the smooth running of assurance device for active balance, extends the service life of product simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of side of initiatively walking;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of passive walking side;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of multifunctional axial;
Fig. 5 is the partial structurtes schematic diagram of side of initiatively walking;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of multifunctional axial;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of teeth groove.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module of the present utility model, mainly comprises track, cleaning structure, driving walking structure etc.Track comprises two tracks 1, the symmetrical parallel both sides being located at photovoltaic module, and track 1 at least comprises the plane of travel 101 being arranged at top and the balance groove 102 be located at side, and typical track 1 structure can adopt I-steel.The cleaning brush 3 that cleaning structure comprises cleaning axle 2 and is located on cleaning axle 2, cleaning axle 2 is located between two tracks 1, cutting the top being positioned at photovoltaic module, cleaning by rotarily driving cleaning brush to photovoltaic module surface.
Walking structure is driven to comprise the parts such as road wheel, stabilizer, motor, multifunctional axial, turbine, sprocket shaft, sprocket wheel.Road wheel comprises positive transport wheel 6 and passive walking wheel 4, and stabilizer comprises active balancing wheel 7 and passive equilibrium wheel 5; Positive transport wheel 6 and active balancing wheel 7 are by the side of support installing at cleaning axle 2, and passive walking wheel 4 and passive equilibrium wheel 5 are by the opposite side of support installing at cleaning axle 3; Road wheel is positioned in plane of travel 101, and stabilizer is located in balance groove 102.Motor 8 is connected with multifunctional axial 9 by turbine 13, and multifunctional axial 9 is connected with gear 14 by key, and gear 14 is connected with the shaft end gear 15 of cleaning axle 2, thus drives cleaning axle 2 to rotate.
As shown in Figure 6, multifunctional axial 9 is provided with teeth groove 12, teeth groove 12 is connected with the shaft end gear of sprocket shaft 16, and the other end of sprocket shaft 16 establishes sprocket wheel 11, and sprocket wheel 11 connects the sprocket wheel of positive transport wheel 6 by chain, thus by the whole device walking of chain drive.,
As shown in Figure 7, teeth groove 12 comprises the tooth head 121 being positioned at top, the tooth root 123 being positioned at bottom and connects the flank of tooth 122 of tooth head 121 and tooth root 123, the flank of tooth 122 is Irregular Boundary Surface, can adopt any Irregular Boundary Surface with auto-lock function, and typical Irregular Boundary Surface design is as follows:
angle=t*45
x=r*cos(angle)+pi*r*angle*sin(angle)/180
y=r*sin(angle)-pi*r*angle*cos(angle)/180
z=0
General formula, the cartesian coordinate of involute can be expressed as:
Even if when cleaning on the photovoltaic module tilted like this, can stop at an arbitrary position fixing, thus prevent from slipping.
Because device of the present utility model adopts the mode of monolateral driving to walk, that both sides therefore can be caused to walk is asynchronous, in order to reduce the uneven shearing force produced in walking process, the installation shaft of active balancing wheel is provided with regulating spring 10, at the installation initial stage and in concrete use procedure, degree of tightness all by adjusting bolt realizes the parallel of both sides walking, avoids the impact that shearing force is brought to device.
The automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module of the present utility model, structure is simple, design ingenious, adopt multifunctional axial to drive cleaning axle and road wheel simultaneously, effective simplification device structure member, realize synchronizing function, cake made of glutinous rice, sold in sliced pieces multifunctional axial has auto-lock function, effectively stops the inclination due to photovoltaic module to install the slip of the cleaning device caused; Stabilizer establishes regulating spring, and initiatively walking is asynchronous with passive walking produced turns round shear force, the smooth running of assurance device for active balance, extends the service life of product simultaneously.

Claims (8)

1. an automatic flushing device for photovoltaic module, is characterized in that: comprise track (1), cleaning axle (2), cleaning brush (3), road wheel, stabilizer and motor (8); Described track (1) has two, the symmetrical parallel both sides being located at photovoltaic module, and be equipped with road wheel and stabilizer in the both sides of cleaning axle (2), and road wheel and stabilizer are all located on track (1), wherein the road wheel of side is driven by motor (8); Described motor (8), by also driving cleaning axle (2) to rotate while the walking of multifunctional axial (9) ground-engaging wheel, cleaning brush (3) is established in cleaning axle (2).
2. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described track (1) at least comprises the plane of travel being arranged at top and the balance groove be located at side, described road wheel is positioned in plane of travel, and described stabilizer is located in balance groove.
3. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described road wheel comprises positive transport wheel (6) and passive walking wheel (4), and described stabilizer comprises active balancing wheel (7) and passive equilibrium wheel (5); Described positive transport wheel (6) and active balancing wheel (7) are by the side of support installing in cleaning axle (2), and described passive walking wheel (4) and passive equilibrium wheel (5) are by the opposite side of support installing in cleaning axle (2).
4. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in the installation shaft of described active balancing wheel (7), be provided with regulating spring (10).
5. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described multifunctional axial (9) one end is connected with motor (8) by turbine, multifunctional axial (9) is provided with gear and teeth groove (12), described gear is connected with the shaft end gear of cleaning axle (2), drives cleaning axle (2) to rotate; Described teeth groove (12) is connected with sprocket wheel (11) by sprocket shaft, and sprocket wheel (11) is walked by chain drive positive transport wheel (6).
6. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described teeth groove (12) comprises the tooth head (121) being positioned at top, the tooth root (123) being positioned at bottom and connects the flank of tooth (122) of tooth head (121) and tooth root (123), and the described flank of tooth (122) is for having the Irregular Boundary Surface preventing from slipping.
7. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor (8), when fine day by solar electric power Direct driver, rainy weather solar photovoltaic assembly generated energy be not enough to drive time supplement power drive by battery, cleaning device not duration of work utilize solar photovoltaic assembly to charge a battery.
8. the automatic flushing device of photovoltaic module according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described motor (8) is closed-loop control system stepper motor.
CN201520607776.XU 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device Expired - Fee Related CN204892446U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520607776.XU CN204892446U (en) 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520607776.XU CN204892446U (en) 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204892446U true CN204892446U (en) 2015-12-23

Family

ID=54914660

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520607776.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204892446U (en) 2015-08-12 2015-08-12 Photovoltaic module's self - cleaning device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204892446U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105032804A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-11 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of photovoltaic module
CN108811951A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 福建省复新农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of decontamination cleaning device based on agricultural greenhouse greenhouse teleblem

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105032804A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-11 江苏长江环境科技工程有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of photovoltaic module
CN108811951A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-16 福建省复新农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of decontamination cleaning device based on agricultural greenhouse greenhouse teleblem

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151223

Termination date: 20200812