CN204757611U - Novel grain dryer - Google Patents

Novel grain dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204757611U
CN204757611U CN201520442039.9U CN201520442039U CN204757611U CN 204757611 U CN204757611 U CN 204757611U CN 201520442039 U CN201520442039 U CN 201520442039U CN 204757611 U CN204757611 U CN 204757611U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
tower
grain
lattice
air
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CN201520442039.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵永旗
常俊涛
宋国强
唐仲辉
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河南中旗农机科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201520442039.9U priority Critical patent/CN204757611U/en
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Publication of CN204757611U publication Critical patent/CN204757611U/en

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Abstract

Novel grain dryer relates to grain stoving storage technology field, and the tower body is the octagon, and the tower body from top to bottom is in proper order: the dryer top, the section of drying upper segment, switching -over section, the section of drying hypomere, cold wind section, bread line section, ji liangkou, every section of drying has two -layer angle box, and upper and lower staggered arrangement makes whereabouts grain spiral whereabouts from top to bottom in the tower, check and domatic slope of outer check spiral and rotatory opposite direction in the switching -over section, the section of drying hypomere lower part is the cold wind section, and the air -cooler is inwards blown a cold wind over for the cooling of grain, the grain of cooling flows into the bread line section, collects through ji liangkou. The beneficial effects of the utility model are that: general wet grain is pushed up to the tower at the bottom of by dryer, accomplishes promptly and dries, and is efficient, dryer adopts octagon dryer tower body, and the branch grain air supply angle box of this tower is not isogonism angle box of inequilateral, and whereabouts cereal falls at the tower inside spin, and, inserted the switching -over section in the section of drying, carry out the exchange of ectonexine grain, it is effectual to dry.

Description

Novel foodstuff drying tower

Technical field

The utility model relates to cereal drying technology field, the full-automatic grain drying tower of anistree pattern that to be tower body be further, and dries evenly, dries the object that cost is low, automaticity is high to reach.

Background technology

Along with the improvement of grain kind, the raising of per unit area yield and country increase the investment of grain drying device, build the more and more of large, medium and small type grain heat-drying facility.Can match that quality is high, dryer that long service life, economical and practical, good reliability and automaticity are high is most important.The drying tower of existing manufacturer production is all circulating, and tower body becomes in quadrangle, and this structural shape manufacturing cost is high, dries uneven, and easily occur sticking with paste the phenomenons such as grain, bad grain, loss is large, and cost is high.In order to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, our company technical staff is bold in innovation, and develops octagonal continous way grain drying tower.

The utility model is on the basis of digesting and assimilating external dry technology, adopt grain drying computer mathematics board design and the best of advanced technologies parameter of drawing dries type, collection following current, adverse current, mixed flow drying tower advantage separately, with the flash baking that reaches a high temperature, improve drying capacity, do not increase specific heat consumption, ensure grain quality and moisture content even.Mainly be applicable to grain depot, farm, seed and the enterprise such as feed, ethanol, drying and processing high moisture grains.It carries out continuous drying work production to various cereal and oil plant (corn, paddy, wheat, soybean, rapeseed etc.).It is made up of storehouse, thermal source, electrical equipment and control unit after unloading, lifting, cleaning, conveying, the front storehouse of baking, drying tower, baking, outdoorly can install and use, also can be arranged in factory building and use.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of novel foodstuff drying tower, and it can be dried grain, effective, and efficiency is high.

The purpose of this utility model is realized by following scheme:

The hot blast that described hot-blast stove fire coal produces, after heat exchanger purification, by air-heater, clean hot blast is sent into hot air duct, hot blast enters drying tower by middle air compartment, delivers to each air intake angle box through ventilation terminal uniform distribution, carries out discharging outside tower by humidity discharging mouth again after caloic exchange through grain layer; Dry up to standard after again by tape transport to finished room.

Concrete scheme is as follows:

Novel foodstuff drying tower, is characterized in that: pure hot gas, under the guiding of air-heater, by warm-air pipe, to be led the lowermost layer of drying section of drying tower and top by hot blast threeway and hot blast elbow; Described drying tower tower body is octagonal, drying tower tower body from top to bottom successively: dry tower top, drying section epimere, commutation section, drying section hypomere, cold wind section, grain discharging section, Ji Liangkou; The structure of drying section is: box the inner, 16 angles is fixed on hot-flow flue, and outer end is fixed on tower body; Angle box is interior low outer height, and interior narrow outer wide, bottom is not closed, and forms cavity structure; Each drying section has two-layer angle box, is staggered up and down, and cause to fall and break grain from top to bottom spiral-falling in tower; Tower body wall is provided with humidity discharging mouth, for discharging moisture; The structure of commutation section is, be divided into eight lattice, every lattice divide inside and outside two lattice again, it is domatic that interior lattice and outer lattice are provided with spiral, but Nei Ge is contrary with the direction of the domatic inclination of outer lattice spiral and rotation, and the domatic edge of outer lattice is counterclockwise or clockwise direction tilting screw, the domatic tilting screw clockwise or counterclockwise of interior lattice, like this, through the domatic grain of outer lattice along counterclockwise or lattice flowing in clockwise direction, the grain outwards lattice flowing clockwise or counterclockwise that interior lattice are domatic; Under drying section, pars infrasegmentalis is cold wind section, and air-cooler is inwardly blown a cold wind over, and for the cooling of grain, the grain of cooling flows into grain discharging section, collects through Ji Liangkou.

Further:

Current divider is equipped with at described drying tower top, wet grain can be diverted to eight directions and enter the drying section of drying tower body.

Described drying section, cold wind section be totally 8 joints, often joint 1.8-2.2 rice, and wherein, drying section five saves, and wherein four joint drying section epimeres, a joint drying section hypomere, clip a joint commutation section between drying section upper-lower section; Under drying section, pars infrasegmentalis is a joint cold wind section.

Described pure hot gas refers to that the hot gas produced by boiler, through heat exchanger, is divided into two parts, and wherein a part to be led smoke stack emission by smoke suction machine; Another part, under the guiding of air-heater, passes through warm-air pipe; Described smoke suction machine is arranged in the exhaust opening place of lower smoke box, and Shi Yan road forms negative pressure in heat exchanger, and before pressure fan is arranged in the air inlet of heat exchanger, makes air form barotropic state at heat exchanger, to ensure the pure of hot blast.

Described drying tower side is provided with elevator, and elevator effect is to promote grain to be dried, and elevator is arranged on elevator base, and top is provided with elevator platform; Grain is upwards promoted by elevator bucket, and dries tower top by elevator platform by lower grain tube guiding, then falls along drying tower top successively.

Described humidity discharging mouth place arranges rainy taking, and the rain portion of costing is flexibly connected tower body outer wall, to get rid of the impact of large entraining air stream on humidity discharging.

Described humidity discharging mouth is provided with water content detection sensor, and this sensor connects electrical control cubicles and control unit, and control unit can monitor temperature in tower, grain moisture content, row's grain speed machine fault alarm in real time.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, tower body adopts split snap fit to connect, and is convenient to assembled; 2, general wet grain falls at the bottom of tower by drying tower top, and namely complete oven dry, efficiency is high; 3, drying tower adopts octagonal drying tower tower body, and a point grain air-supply angle box for this tower is inequilateral not isogonism angle box, and whereabouts cereal falls at tower inside spin; Further, be inserted with commutation section in drying section, carry out the exchange of ectonexine grain, thus overcome the impact that the uneven dry environment in space in tower brings; Good drying effect; 4, adopt domatic slow commutation, decrease percentage of damage.Totally, the utility model has good drying effect, without sticking with paste grain; Efficiency is high, within 1 hour, can dry 1 ton-grain, and efficiency is the several times of general drying plant; Cost is low, dries 1 kilogram of grain and takes only 4 points of.And tower body is low relative to cost, be convenient to assembled and automated production, the features such as operating maintenance is convenient.After testing, dry product and meet standard GB/T 8876-88 " grain drying agent technical conditions " and GB6970-86 " grain drier method for testing ".

In order to make those skilled in the art person understand the utility model scheme better, and enable above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage become apparent more, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation; Fig. 2 is the utility model drying section structural representation; Fig. 3 is the utility model commutation segment structure schematic diagram, and Fig. 4 is the utility model angle box structural representation.

In figure: chimney 1, smoke suction machine 2, heat exchanger 3, boiler 4, air-heater 5, row's grain motor 6, air-cooler 7, hot blast threeway 8, warm-air pipe 9, commutation section 10, hot blast elbow 11, humidity discharging mouth 12, dries tower top 13, lower grain tube 14, elevator platform 15, elevator bucket 16, drying section 17, cold wind section 18, grain discharging section 19, collection grain mouth 20, elevator base 21, angle box 22, hot-flow flue 23, outer lattice 24, interior lattice 25, cavity 26.

Detailed description of the invention

As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, a kind of novel foodstuff drying tower, through the hot gas that boiler 4 produces, through heat exchanger 3, filters hot gas, is divided into two parts, and wherein a part is discharged by smoke suction machine 2 chimney 1 that leads; The hot gas that another part is pure, under the guiding of air-heater 5, by warm-air pipe 9, to be led the lowermost layer of drying section 17 of drying tower and top by hot blast threeway 8 and hot blast elbow 11; Tower body adopts split snap fit to connect, and is convenient to assembled; Described drying tower tower body is octagonal; Due to octagonal closely circle, grain is fluent motion from top to bottom, without dead angle.Current divider is equipped with at described drying tower top, wet grain can be diverted to eight directions and enter the drying section 17 of drying tower body.Drying tower tower body is from top to bottom successively: dry tower top 13, drying section 17 epimere, commutation section 10, drying section 17 hypomere, cold wind section 18, grain discharging section 19, collection grain mouth 20; Drying section 17, cold wind section 18 totally 8 joints, often save 2 meters, wherein, drying section 17 4 saves, wherein drying section 17 epimere three save, hypomere one joint, clip commutation section 10 1 joint between upper-lower section; The structure of drying section 17 as shown in Figure 2, be fixed on hot-flow flue 23, and outer end is fixed on tower body by 16 angle box 22 the inners; Angle box 22 is in interior low outer height, and interior narrow outer wide, inequilateral is isogonism not, and bottom is not closed, and forms cavity 26 structure (see Fig. 4); Each drying section 17 has two-layer angle box 22, is staggered up and down, and cause to fall and break grain from top to bottom spiral-falling in tower, further overcomes the impact that the uneven dry environment in space in tower brings.

On tower body wall between angle box 22, be provided with humidity discharging mouth 12, for discharging moisture; Humidity discharging mouth 12 is outside equipped with rain and takes, and the rain portion of costing is flexibly connected tower body outer wall; The structure of commutation section 10 as shown in Figure 3, be divided into eight lattice, every lattice divide interior lattice 25 and outer lattice 24 again, it is domatic that interior lattice 25 and outer lattice 24 are provided with spiral, but Nei Ge is contrary with the direction of the domatic inclination of outer lattice spiral and rotation, the domatic edge of outer lattice is counterclockwise or clockwise direction tilting screw, the domatic tilting screw clockwise or counterclockwise of interior lattice, like this, through the domatic grain of outer lattice along counterclockwise or lattice flowing in clockwise direction, namely the grain being in A position flows into the h position of lower floor, and the grain of H position injects the g position of lower floor ... by that analogy; The grain outwards lattice flowing clockwise or counterclockwise that interior lattice are domatic, the grain being namely in a position flows into the B position of lower floor, and the grain of b position injects the C position of lower floor ... by that analogy; Like this, impel grain location swap inside and outside this stage, wet grain enters commutation section 10 after drying section 17 epimere, grain is now near the part drying of hot air duct, and another side does not also reach safe moisture content scope, rear by commutation section 10 is inside and outside place-exchange, then enters drying section 17 hypomere, thus reaches the uniform object of oven dry.Drying section 17 times pars infrasegmentalises are a joint cold wind section 18, and air-cooler 7 is inwardly blown a cold wind over, and for the cooling of grain, the grain of cooling flows into grain discharging section 19, collect through collection grain mouth 20; Collection grain mouth 20 place is provided with row's grain motor 6, for the row's of control grain; Drying tower side is provided with elevator, elevator effect is to promote grain to be dried, elevator is arranged on elevator base 21, top is provided with elevator platform 15, grain is upwards promoted by elevator bucket 16, and by elevator platform 15 by lower grain tube 14 lead dry tower top 13, more successively along dry tower top 13 fall, the utility model is also provided with electrical control cubicles and control unit, and control unit can monitor temperature in tower, grain moisture content, row's grain speed machine fault alarm in real time; Grain in raw grain storehouse is transported to drying tower by elevator, meanwhile, hot-blast stove produce hot gas be transported to heat exchanger through air-heater, through heat exchanger filter, smokeless hot gas is delivered to drying tower, dry up to standard after again by tape transport to finished room.

In elevator platform 15 and oven dry tower top 13, rain insensitive device is set.

The source part of this equipment is hot-blast stove, hand burning, machine burning two kinds can be divided into, combustion chamber and heat exchanger are divided into two body manufactures, can adopt according to heat capacity and fold installation or branch's installation, heat exchanging part adopts metal manufacture, utilize tube bank and board-like combination heat exchange, flue gas and air run many backhauls heat exchange, cigarette, wind are taken their own roads, obtain clean hot blast for oven dry grain, undertaken adjusting its fired state and heat exchange ratio row by cigarette air temperature controller, to ensure that wind-warm syndrome is stablized, dry evenly, seed is pollution-free.

Heat exchanger, drying tower and hot wind supply pipeline all manufacture double-level-metal housing, centre accompanies the insulation of flame resistant cotton, to improve drying effect, cigarette, wind-warm syndrome controller is provided with to adjust blower fan in wind, smoke pipe road, the duty of cigarette machine, adjustment hot blast temperature flow total head parameter is to ensure that the ideal of drying operation is run.

The utility model has arranged automatic sweeping wheel, the enforcements such as self-extinguishing, creates advantage for improving automatic temperature measurement, automatically hygrometric, the automatically automation of striped further.On-line monitoring system of the present utility model is made up of micro computer PLC control unit, camera, display screen, various sensor part.The parameter such as temperature in the moisture of grain, tower, row's grain speed can be reflected accurately.Is furnished with microcomputer monitored system, on line real-time monitoring grain position, moisture value, hot blast temperature and fault alarm.Automatically arrange grain when moisture reaches setting value, automaticity is high, uses manpower and material resources sparingly.

The above; be only detailed description of the invention of the present utility model; but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the utility model discloses; the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. novel foodstuff drying tower, is characterized in that: pure hot gas, under the guiding of air-heater, by warm-air pipe, to be led the lowermost layer of drying section of drying tower and top by hot blast threeway and hot blast elbow; Described drying tower tower body is octagonal, drying tower tower body from top to bottom successively: dry tower top, drying section epimere, commutation section, drying section hypomere, cold wind section, grain discharging section, Ji Liangkou; The structure of drying section is: box the inner, 16 angles is fixed on hot-flow flue 23, and outer end is fixed on tower body; Angle box is interior low outer height, and interior narrow outer wide, bottom is not closed, and forms cavity structure; Each drying section has two-layer angle box, is staggered up and down, and cause to fall and break grain from top to bottom spiral-falling in tower; Tower body wall is provided with humidity discharging mouth, for discharging moisture; The structure of commutation section is, be divided into eight lattice, every lattice divide inside and outside two lattice again, it is domatic that interior lattice and outer lattice are provided with spiral, but Nei Ge is contrary with the direction of the domatic inclination of outer lattice spiral and rotation, and the domatic edge of outer lattice is counterclockwise or clockwise direction tilting screw, the domatic tilting screw clockwise or counterclockwise of interior lattice, like this, through the domatic grain of outer lattice along counterclockwise or lattice flowing in clockwise direction, the grain outwards lattice flowing clockwise or counterclockwise that interior lattice are domatic; Under drying section, pars infrasegmentalis is cold wind section, and air-cooler is inwardly blown a cold wind over, and for the cooling of grain, the grain of cooling flows into grain discharging section, collects through Ji Liangkou.
2. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: current divider is equipped with at described drying tower top, wet grain can be diverted to eight directions and enter the drying section of drying tower body.
3. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drying section, cold wind section be totally 8 joints, often joint 1.8-2.2 rice, and wherein, drying section five saves, wherein four joint drying section epimeres, a joint drying section hypomere, clip a joint commutation section between drying section upper-lower section; Under drying section, pars infrasegmentalis is a joint cold wind section.
4. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pure hot gas refers to that the hot gas produced by boiler, through heat exchanger, is divided into two parts, and wherein a part to be led smoke stack emission by smoke suction machine; Another part, under the guiding of air-heater, passes through warm-air pipe; Described smoke suction machine is arranged in the exhaust opening place of lower smoke box, and Shi Yan road forms negative pressure in heat exchanger, and before pressure fan is arranged in the air inlet of heat exchanger, makes air form barotropic state at heat exchanger, to ensure the pure of hot blast.
5. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described drying tower side is provided with elevator, and elevator effect is to promote grain to be dried, and elevator is arranged on elevator base, and top is provided with elevator platform; Grain is upwards promoted by elevator bucket, and dries tower top by elevator platform by lower grain tube guiding, then falls along drying tower top successively.
6. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described humidity discharging mouth place arranges rainy taking, and the rain portion of costing is flexibly connected tower body outer wall, to get rid of the impact of large entraining air stream on humidity discharging.
7. novel foodstuff drying tower according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidity discharging mouth is provided with water content detection sensor, this sensor connects electrical control cubicles and control unit, and control unit can monitor temperature in tower, grain moisture content, row's grain speed machine fault alarm in real time.
CN201520442039.9U 2015-06-25 2015-06-25 Novel grain dryer CN204757611U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643024A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 四川南江新兴矿业有限公司 Drying tower
CN107279281A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-24 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of control system based on automation drying grain dryer
CN107323955A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-07 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of automatic transportation grain storage apparatus for dryer
CN107883732A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-04-06 合肥市凯佳机械加工有限公司 A kind of new drying tower tempering layer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106643024A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-10 四川南江新兴矿业有限公司 Drying tower
CN106643024B (en) * 2016-11-30 2019-03-01 四川南江新兴矿业有限公司 Drying tower
CN107279281A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-10-24 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of control system based on automation drying grain dryer
CN107323955A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-11-07 合肥佳粮机械科技有限公司 A kind of automatic transportation grain storage apparatus for dryer
CN107883732A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-04-06 合肥市凯佳机械加工有限公司 A kind of new drying tower tempering layer

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