CN101946968A - Multifunctional dryer - Google Patents

Multifunctional dryer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101946968A
CN101946968A CN2010102610121A CN201010261012A CN101946968A CN 101946968 A CN101946968 A CN 101946968A CN 2010102610121 A CN2010102610121 A CN 2010102610121A CN 201010261012 A CN201010261012 A CN 201010261012A CN 101946968 A CN101946968 A CN 101946968A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oven body
hot blast
hot
chamber
channel
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Pending
Application number
CN2010102610121A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宁州
王纬州
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王宁州
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Application filed by 王宁州 filed Critical 王宁州
Priority to CN2010102610121A priority Critical patent/CN101946968A/en
Publication of CN101946968A publication Critical patent/CN101946968A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a multifunctional dryer, which comprises a combustible gas supply device, a hot air chamber and an oven body. A combustion chamber and a heat dissipation pipeline are arranged in the hot air chamber, the top of the hot air chamber is provided with a first eddy fan for conveying outside air to the hot air chamber, and a hot air outlet is formed below the side wall of the hot air chamber. The heat dissipation pipeline is arranged below the first eddy fan, one end of the heat dissipation pipeline is communicated with the combustion chamber, and the other end of the heat dissipation pipeline is communicated with an exhaust pipe. A grid supporting plate for supporting an agricultural product, a cold air axial flow fan positioned between the grid supporting plate and the bottom of the oven body and a condensation plate positioned between the grid supporting plate and the top of the oven body are arranged in the oven body; the part, positioned between the grid supporting plate and the bottom of the oven body, of the side wall of the oven body is provided with a hot air inlet; and the top of the oven body is provided with a dehumidifying axial flow fan for conveying wet airflow in the oven body to the outside, and the top of the oven body is also provided with a hygrometer and a thermometer.

Description

The multi-function drying machine
Technical field:
The present invention relates to technical field of agricultural product process, particularly a kind of multi-function drying machine that is used to dry agricultural product such as matrimony vine, grape, jujube class, melon and fruit, vegetables.
Background technology:
The unit that is used for the agricultural byproducts heating, drying at present mostly adopts steam drying or uses conventional coal furnace directly to dry, and What is more adopts the natural drying method that agricultural byproducts are processed.There is following defective in above-mentioned oven dry processing mode: adopt steam unit expense height; When utilizing conventional coal furnace directly to dry agricultural product, conventional coal furnace is seriously polluted, and heat effect utilization rate is low, and the product of oven dry gained does not reach food security definitely; Adopt the natural drying method, the natural drying occupied ground is big, airing efficient is low, and is subjected to the restriction factor of weather big, and the effect of airing is uncontrollable fully.
Summary of the invention:
In view of this, being necessary to provide a kind of is applicable to the processing of agricultural product dryings such as matrimony vine, grape, jujube class, melon and fruit, vegetables and the multi-function drying machine of the agricultural product quality after guaranteeing oven dry processing.
A kind of multi-function drying machine comprises combustible gas supply device, hot blast chamber and oven body.Combustible gas supply device is connected with the hot blast chamber, is used to provide fuel gas to the hot blast chamber.The hot blast chamber also is connected with oven body, is used for burning combustible gas with the generation hot blast, and hot blast is flowed to oven body, with the agricultural product in the oven dry oven body.Indoor combustion chamber, the hot channel of being provided with of hot blast, the top of hot blast chamber are provided with and are used for outside air is sent into the first indoor vortex fan of hot blast, and the below of the sidewall of hot blast chamber is provided with hot-blast outlet, and this hot-blast outlet is connected with oven body.The combustion chamber is connected with combustible gas supply device.Hot channel is arranged on the below of first vortex fan, and an end of hot channel is connected with the combustion chamber, and the other end is connected with smoke exhaust pipe.Be provided with the grid gripper shoe that is used to carry agricultural product, the cold wind axial flow blower between grid gripper shoe and oven body bottom, the cold plate between grid gripper shoe and oven body top in the oven body; The part between grid gripper shoe and oven body bottom of oven body sidewall is provided with the hot blast import; The top of oven body is provided with the wet gas current that is used for oven body inside and is delivered to extraneous dehumidifier axial flow blower, also is provided with the humidity that is used to measure the oven body interior humidity on the top of oven body and takes into account the thermometer that is used to measure the oven body internal temperature.
Above-mentioned multi-function drying machine is simple in structure, compares low cost of manufacture with the steam unit.Utilize above-mentioned multi-function drying machined agricultural product, thereby make the hot channel ambient air temperature raise by ignited flammable gas heating hot channel, under the effect of first vortex fan, dehumidifier axial flow blower, the indoor hot blast of hot blast flows in the oven body so that the agricultural product on the grid gripper shoe are dried, so, can not pollute, guarantee that the product of drying gained reaches food security standard agricultural product.In addition, the rotating speed of first vortex fan and dehumidifier axial flow blower be can in time adjust, temperature and humidity in the oven body controlled, so that temperature in the oven body and humidity meet the required condition of oven dry agricultural product according to the numerical value that hygrometer, thermometer show.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of the multi-function drying machine of a better embodiment
Among the figure: multi-function drying machine 10, combustible gas supply device 11, gas producer 111, oxygen increasing pump hot blast chambers 12 112, combustion chamber 121, hot channel 122, top 123, first vortex fan 124, second vortex fan 125, sidewall 126, hot-blast outlet 127, smoke exhaust pipe 128, smog recovery tube 129, oven body 13, grid gripper shoe 130, oven body bottom 131, cold wind axial flow blower 132, top 133, cold plate 134, sidewall 135, hot blast import 136, hot blast reclaims axial flow blower 137, dehumidifier axial flow blower 138, hot blast recovery channel 14, flame valve 20, smog reclaims blower fan 21, smog reclaims blower fan 22, two-way electronic damper 22, hygrometer 30, thermometer 40
The specific embodiment:
Please referring to Fig. 1, multi-function drying machine 10 comprises combustible gas supply device 11, hot blast chamber 12, oven body 13 and hot blast recovery channel 14.
Combustible gas supply device 11 is connected with hot blast chamber 12, is used to provide fuel gas to hot blast chamber 12.In the present embodiment, combustible gas supply device 11 comprises gas producer 111 and oxygen increasing pump 112, and gas producer 111 is used for converting coal to coal gas, and oxygen increasing pump 112 is used to supply with hot blast chamber 12 oxygen.
Hot blast chamber 12 also is connected with oven body 13, is used for burning combustible gas with the generation hot blast, and hot blast is flowed to oven body 13, with the agricultural product in the oven dry oven body 13.
Hot blast recovery channel 14 is connected with hot blast chamber 12, oven body 13 respectively, is used for the thermal current in the oven body 13 is guided in the hot blast chamber 12.
Be provided with combustion chamber 121, hot channel 122 in the hot blast chamber 12, the top 123 of hot blast chamber 12 is provided with and is used for outside air being sent into the first indoor vortex fan 124 of hot blast and being used for the thermal current of hot blast recovery channel 14 guiding is sent into the second indoor vortex fan 125 of hot blast.The below of hot blast chamber sidewall 126 is provided with hot-blast outlet 127, and this hot-blast outlet 127 is connected with oven body 13.Hot channel 122 is arranged on the below of first vortex fan 124 and second vortex fan 125, and an end of hot channel 122 is connected with combustion chamber 121, and the other end is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 128.Hot channel 122 is provided with the flame valve 20 that the flame that produces when being used to control gas fuel burning enters hot channel 122 with the junction of combustion chamber 121.Combustion chamber 121 is connected with combustible gas supply device 11, and combustion chamber 121 also is connected with smoke exhaust pipe 128 by smog recovery tube 129.Wherein, be equipped with in the smog recovery tube 129 be used for smoke exhaust pipe 128 part smoke delivery just to the combustion chamber smog in 121 reclaim blower fan 21, be used for for smog reclaim smog that blower fan 21 carries by and prevent that flames are along the unidirectional electronic damper 22 of smog recovery tube 129 ejections in the combustion chamber 121; Two-way electronic damper 23 is set in the smoke exhaust pipe 128.In the present embodiment, hot channel 122 is a metal tube, thereby so make the metal tube ambient air temperature raise by a coal gas heating metal pipe, by first vortex fan 124 and the effect of second vortex fan 125 hot-air is shifted again onto 13 pairs of objects heat in the baking oven, so improved the thermal efficiency of coal.
Be provided with the grid gripper shoe 130 that is used to carry agricultural product, the cold wind axial flow blower 132 between grid gripper shoe 130 and oven body bottom 131, the cold plate 134 between the top 133 of grid gripper shoe 130 and oven body 13 in the oven body 13.Wherein, cold plate 134 is " people " font structure, can become water when the hot moisture in the oven body 13 arrives on the metal skewback of " people " font cold plate 134, then in the metal skewback flows to the tank that sets in advance to discharge outside the oven body 13.
The part between grid gripper shoe 130 and oven body bottom 131 of the sidewall 135 of oven body 13 is provided with hot blast import 136; The top 133 of oven body 13 is provided with and is used for the thermal current of oven body 13 inside being sent into the hot blast recovery axial flow blower 137 of hot blast recovery channel 14 and being used for the wet gas current of oven body 13 inside is delivered to extraneous dehumidifier axial flow blower 138, also is provided with the thermometer 40 that is used to measure the hygrometer 30 of oven body 13 interior humidities and is used to measure oven body 13 internal temperatures on the top 133 of oven body 13.So, can be according to the numerical value of hygrometer 30, thermometer 40 demonstrations, manually or automatically adjust the rotating speed of first vortex fan 124, second vortex fan 125, hot blast recovery axial flow blower 137 and dehumidifier axial flow blower 138, change temperature and humidity in the oven body 13, so that temperature in the oven body 13 and humidity meet the required condition of oven dry agricultural product.
Below be the course of work of example explanation multi-function drying machine 10 with the oven dry matrimony vine: place the matrimony vine that needs oven dry on the grid gripper shoe 130 in the oven body 13, combustible gas supply device 11 will comprise that the mist of coal gas and oxygen sends in the combustion chamber 121, open flame valve 20, the mist of ignition combustion chamber 121 is with heating hot channel 122, make first vortex fan 124, second vortex fan 125, cold wind axial flow blower 132, hot blast reclaims axial flow blower 137, dehumidifier axial flow blower 138 is in running order, so, make hot channel 122 ambient air temperatures raise, at first vortex fan 124, hot-air is from hot-blast outlet 127 under the effect of second vortex fan 125, hot-wind inlet 136 enters in the oven body 13, and cold wind axial flow blower 132 blows to grid gripper shoe 130 with the oven dry matrimony vine with hot-air.Moisture in the oven body 13 is discharged by dehumidifier axial flow blower 138 and cold plate 134, and a part of thermal current in the oven body 13 reclaims axial flow blower 137 by hot blast and sends into hot blast recovery channel 14 to recycle.By observing the numerical value of hygrometer 30, thermometer 40 demonstrations, and according to the observation to numerical value adjust the rotating speed that first vortex fan 124, second vortex fan 125, hot blast reclaim axial flow blower 137 and dehumidifier axial flow blower 138, change temperature and humidity in the oven body 13, so that temperature in the oven body 13 and humidity meet the required condition of oven dry matrimony vine.

Claims (8)

1. a multi-function drying machine comprises combustible gas supply device, hot blast chamber and oven body, it is characterized in that: combustible gas supply device is connected with the hot blast chamber, is used to provide fuel gas to the hot blast chamber; The hot blast chamber also is connected with oven body, is used for burning combustible gas with the generation hot blast, and hot blast is flowed to oven body, with the agricultural product in the oven dry oven body; Indoor combustion chamber, the hot channel of being provided with of hot blast, the top of hot blast chamber is provided with and is used for outside air is sent into the first indoor vortex fan of hot blast, the below of the sidewall of hot blast chamber is provided with hot-blast outlet, this hot-blast outlet is connected with oven body, the combustion chamber is connected with combustible gas supply device, hot channel is arranged on the below of first vortex fan, and an end of hot channel is connected with the combustion chamber, and the other end is connected with smoke exhaust pipe; Be provided with the grid gripper shoe that is used to carry agricultural product, the cold wind axial flow blower between grid gripper shoe and oven body bottom, the cold plate between grid gripper shoe and oven body top in the oven body, the part between grid gripper shoe and oven body bottom of oven body sidewall is provided with the hot blast import, the top of oven body is provided with the wet gas current that is used for oven body inside and is delivered to extraneous dehumidifier axial flow blower, also is provided with the humidity that is used to measure the oven body interior humidity on the top of oven body and takes into account the thermometer that is used to measure the oven body internal temperature.
2. multi-function drying machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: this multi-function drying machine also comprises the hot blast recovery channel, and the hot blast recovery channel is connected with hot blast chamber, oven body respectively, and it is indoor to be used for that the thermal current in the oven body is guided to hot blast.
3. multi-function drying machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: also be provided on the top of hot blast chamber the thermal current of hot blast recovery channel guiding is sent into the second indoor vortex fan of hot blast; Also be provided with the hot blast recovery axial flow blower that is used for the thermal current of oven body inside is sent into the hot blast recovery channel on the top of oven body.
4. according to claim 1 or 3 described multi-function drying machines, it is characterized in that: combustible gas supply device comprises gas producer and oxygen increasing pump, and gas producer is used for converting coal to coal gas, and oxygen increasing pump is used to supply with hot blast chamber oxygen.
5. according to claim 1 or 3 described multi-function drying machines, it is characterized in that: be equipped with in the smog recovery tube be used for smoke exhaust pipe part smoke delivery just to the smog in the combustion chamber reclaim blower fan, be used for for smog reclaim smog that blower fan carries by and the unidirectional electronic damper of interior flame that prevent to burn along the ejection of smog recovery tube.
6. multi-function drying machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: two-way electronic damper is set in the smoke exhaust pipe.
7. multi-function drying machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: hot channel is a metal tube.
8. multi-function drying machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the junction of hot channel and combustion chamber is provided with the flame valve that the flame that produces when being used to control gas fuel burning enters hot channel.
CN2010102610121A 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Multifunctional dryer Pending CN101946968A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102610121A CN101946968A (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Multifunctional dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102610121A CN101946968A (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Multifunctional dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101946968A true CN101946968A (en) 2011-01-19

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CN2010102610121A Pending CN101946968A (en) 2010-08-26 2010-08-26 Multifunctional dryer

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103271419A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-04 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Walnut hot air drying equipment
CN103385530A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-11-13 德州炬创换热器制造有限公司 Drying equipment for aqueous medium circulation system
CN105559107A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-05-11 刘顺坤 Steam baking room
CN111011893A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-17 灌阳县龙芝灵野生灵芝栽培合作社 Dried snow pear drying equipment and processing technology
CN111452517A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-07-28 Tcl华星光电技术有限公司 Reduced pressure drying device and reduced pressure drying method

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103385530A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-11-13 德州炬创换热器制造有限公司 Drying equipment for aqueous medium circulation system
CN103271419A (en) * 2013-05-30 2013-09-04 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Walnut hot air drying equipment
CN103271419B (en) * 2013-05-30 2016-06-29 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Semen Juglandis hot air drying equipment
CN105559107A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-05-11 刘顺坤 Steam baking room
CN111011893A (en) * 2019-12-13 2020-04-17 灌阳县龙芝灵野生灵芝栽培合作社 Dried snow pear drying equipment and processing technology
CN111452517A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-07-28 Tcl华星光电技术有限公司 Reduced pressure drying device and reduced pressure drying method

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Application publication date: 20110119