CN100498173C - Hot air grass drying box - Google Patents

Hot air grass drying box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100498173C
CN100498173C CNB2006100807660A CN200610080766A CN100498173C CN 100498173 C CN100498173 C CN 100498173C CN B2006100807660 A CNB2006100807660 A CN B2006100807660A CN 200610080766 A CN200610080766 A CN 200610080766A CN 100498173 C CN100498173 C CN 100498173C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
drying box
hot air
room
box device
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2006100807660A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101074844A (en
Inventor
朱华伦
沈炳国
陈汉定
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Ningbo Kaseen Ecology Technology Co., Ltd.
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朱华伦
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Priority to CNB2006100807660A priority Critical patent/CN100498173C/en
Publication of CN101074844A publication Critical patent/CN101074844A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100498173C publication Critical patent/CN100498173C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A bulrush drying oven device consists of the heat isolating feeding room with an air outlet on the upper part, the bottom of the feeding room connects to the heat air room by the air flow distributor, and the heat air room is through with the burning room of the drying oven. The characteristic is that there is fan room between the burning and hot air room. Besides, the burning room connects to the side pipe of the main pipe by the controlling valve and pipe. One part of the main pipe passes through the dust catcher and connects to the gas-fired furnace. The structure is simple and reasonable, it is easy to produce and can turn the waste into treasure, also it greatly reduce the cost of the energy source, at last it is suitable to expend on the oven.

Description

The hot air grass drying box device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the bake oven device technical field.
Background technology
In industrial production, often to use baking oven or similar bake oven device dries by the fire product, make the moisture of product be subjected to thermal evaporation, final, make people obtain a kind of product of drying, the convenient use is so baking oven is widely used on processing industries such as food, shoes, Lin's grass.Traditional baking oven is a kind of to be to adopt fuel combustion to produce heat to dry product, it as the patent No. 96237016.9 Chinese patent " fuel-firing gas-firing formula far infrared food drying tunnel ", it is made up of at least one baker, above in the baker burner hearth, transmitting chain belt the combustion chamber is housed, its top is heat exchanger plate, the air of heating hot-air channel, the bottom is the far infrared radiation plate, the food upper surface is carried out the heat radiation baking, force hot blast circulation to send to force hot blast that the food lower surface is toasted in the burner hearth by the air-supply plate on warm-air pipe top, be located at the fuel oil type of burner hearth lateral wall or combustion type burner to the burning indoor heating, the method of this indirect, the heat radiation heat is big, capacity usage ratio is low, causes energy consumption cost to rise, if baking oven is excessive, oven temperature does not reach needed 70 degrees centigrade of heating-up temperatures, influences people and normally uses.For this reason, also the someone designs the hot air grass drying box of direct-heating type, it includes the energy heat-insulation and heat-preservation, end face is taken the supplies room of gas port out of, the underrun airflow-distribution board of supplies room is communicated with the hot blast chamber, the hot blast chamber is communicated with the combustion chamber of bake oven device, the top of combustion chamber setting is connected with the fan house that is used to press wind, and slurry oil or coal are normally burnt as the heating thermal source in the combustion chamber, and their defectives are to be easy to generate black smoke, particularly regulate under the improper operational circumstances, this black smoke is more serious, burning slurry oil cost height, deficiency in economic performance, coal combustion also has dust easily, the temperature control performance is poor, has influence on the quality of baking grass, so require further improvement.
Another kind is to adopt Electric heating to come baked goods, as the patent No. is the Chinese patent " combined baking channel " of 02134812.X, it comprises deflector roll, air compartment, it is characterized in that the front portion is the far infrared preheating oven that is provided with many group far infrared electro-thermal tubes, and the rear portion level is associated with at least 2 sections Circulating Air Dry Ovens.In each section Circulating Air Dry Oven, the bottom of the top of film band and baking oven air compartment is provided with the V-type tuyere that the clearance type air outlet is arranged at the V-type bottom, the top of baking oven air compartment, be provided with air heat exchanger, baking oven loam cake middle part is provided with and exports the hot air circulation backflow airduct that is connected on the air intake machine air inlet.Also be provided with and control in far infrared preheating oven and each section Circulating Air Dry Oven programmable controller PLC, the proportion differential temperature controller PID of temperature in the deflector roll transmission speed and baking oven respectively.They no doubt have its progressive one side, but also there is common shortcoming, very nervous as present national energy, a lot of zones exist and lack coal, the situation of short of electricity, on the contrary, there is a large amount of refuses to need to utilize in some industry or zone, as produce mat, the straw-made articles industry of tatami, it needs baking oven to dry Lin's grass on the one hand, as use the baking oven of above-mentioned gas fuel or the baking oven of electricity consumption, and certainly will to expend a large amount of non-renewable the fuel oil energy and electric energy, make the energy of country nervous more, and the manufacturing cost of product is constantly risen, and a large amount of junks that self industry produces such as Lin's grass leftover bits and pieces can't digest, and are thrown away to handle or burn down on the farm, have both caused to waste, contaminated environment also needs us to go to overcome again.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of hot air grass drying box device at existing background technology, and it is simple and reasonable, and processing Lin grass in enormous quantities easily improves crudy, reduces energy expenditure greatly.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: a kind of hot air grass drying box device, the supplies room that it includes can heat-insulation and heat-preservation, end face is taken gas port out of, the underrun airflow-distribution board of supplies room is communicated with the hot blast chamber, the hot blast chamber is communicated with the combustion chamber of bake oven device, it is characterized in that being provided with between combustion chamber and the hot blast chamber and be connected with fan house, and, the combustion chamber also is connected with arm on the gas transmission main by control valve and pipeline, and an end of gas transmission main connects gas producer through deduster.
As improvement, be provided with blower fan in the described fan house, the blast of blower fan is at 550 handkerchiefs~650 handkerchiefs, and air quantity is at 20000 meters 3/ hour~25000 meters 3/ hour, adopt fan with low voltage, be beneficial to big air quantity air feed, increase the drying room area, reduce the overall baking oven quantity of factory.
As improvement, also be provided with water seal gate valves on the described pipeline, be convenient to sealing, seal the supply of combustion gas, improve security performance.
Improve, described supplies room end face adopts open type again, and unlimited position becomes the gas outlet, reduces gas-flow resistance, is convenient to hot blast and passes through, and is beneficial to the baking grass.
Further improve, described deduster adopts the cyclone separating deduster of band washing again, improves the quality of combustion gas, can avoid the influence to Lin's grass of dust and black smoke basically.
Very important improvement, described gas producer is gas generator or utilizes firewood or the gas producer of forage or fiber or various wooden waste generation fuel gas, particularly adopt firewood or forage or fiber or various wooden waste, turn waste into wealth, can adopt straw-made articles leftover bits and pieces or Lin's grass or timber useless in a large number, wood chip, useless fiber, waste plastics, or all cheap fuel that can burn such as coal cinder, avoid using present the country relatively electric energy and the fuel oil energy of anxiety, reduce energy expenditure greatly, also solved simultaneously straw-made articles waste from a factory problem of outlet, avoid environmental pollution, kill two birds with one stone.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: simple and reasonable, drive a plurality of baking oven work by a gas producer, be more prone in enormous quantities Lin's grass be processed, being fit to factory uses, simultaneously because smokelessly dustless basically, improve crudy, also improve the utilization rate of fuel heat greatly, reduce energy expenditure greatly, good in economic efficiency, good operating stability, the automaticity height is ensured the quality of products easily, and the manufacturing expense of device is low, more preferably, can turn waste into wealth, can adopt straw-made articles leftover bits and pieces or Lin's grass or timber useless in a large number, wood chip, useless fiber, waste plastics, or all cheap fuel that can burn such as coal cinder, avoid the electric energy and the fuel oil energy that use present country relatively more nervous, reduce energy expenditure greatly, simultaneously also solve straw-made articles waste from a factory problem of outlet, killed two birds with one stone, be adapted at the straw-made articles industry, shoes industry or similar other industry.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 bake oven device structure principle chart of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of gas producer and pipeline;
Fig. 3 is the gas generator structural representation.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with description of drawings and specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention is done further detailed description:
Illustrate as Fig. 1-2, this hot air grass drying box device at first has and is used for the supplies room 1 of heat-insulation and heat-preservation, generally make rectangular shape, length-width ratio is 3:1.2, the wall of supplies room 1 adopts brick one-tenth, end face is uncovered 15, make it become the gas outlet, the bottom surface is provided with airflow-distribution board 14, is distributed with air admission hole above, and the underrun airflow-distribution board 14 of supplies room 1 is communicated with hot blast chamber 2, hot blast chamber 2 walls also are to adopt brick one-tenth, there is air inlet the side, is communicated with fan house 3, fan house 3 is provided with is connected between combustion chamber 5 and the hot blast chamber 3.Be provided with blower fan 4 in the fan house 3, blower fan 4 adopts the relatively large low pressure centrifugal blower of air quantity, and the blast of blower fan 4 is at 600 handkerchiefs, and air quantity is at 22000 meters 3/ hour, make the area of drying room increase by 20%.The opposite side of fan house 3 is communicated with combustion chamber 5.Combustion chamber 5 also is connected with a arm 9 on the gas transmission main 8 by automatic control flow valve 11 and pipeline 7, one end of gas transmission main 8 connects gas producer 13 through deduster 12, such gas producer 13 can connect a plurality of such baking ovens successively by gas transmission main 8, make factory can process Lin's grass in enormous quantities, improve process velocity, reduce energy expenditure greatly.Also be provided with water seal gate valves 10 on the pipeline 7, be convenient to seal up ducted combustion gas, improve the security of using.
And the deduster 12 preferential cyclone separating dedusters of recommending employing band water washing device carry out dedusting and washing to combustion gas, and the flue dust that further removal may have improves the careless quality of baking.
At last, gas producer 13 is recommended to adopt gas generators, is utilized firewood or forage or fiber or various wooden waste to produce the gas producer of fuel gas.Gas generator also can be with reference to other traditional design referring to Fig. 3.Relevantly utilize gas producer that firewood or forage or fiber or various wooden waste produces fuel gas in the patent documentation data storehouse, just can find with reference to former Chinese patent technology of inventing design as Mr. Zhang Wenhu, Mr. Lou Longchun.
Its operation principle and process are such, when bake oven device dries by the fire Lin's grass, pending Lin's grass such as put into from uncovered 15 of the supplies room 1 of baking oven, with wet Lin's swath on the fixed network of supplies room, then, make gas producer 13 work produce combustion gas, the gate sealing valve 10 of fetching boiling water, control flow control valve 11, combustion gas is incorporated in the combustion chamber 5 by burner 6, lighting combustion gas heats its burning, because air blast 16 work on the combustion chamber 5, introduce ozone, further help the burning indoor fuel gas fully to burn, simultaneously, the extracting of fan house inner blower 4 makes hot blast after the burning by fan house 3, hot blast chamber 2, enter in the supplies room 1, Lin's grass is dried processing, and then, a part of heated air stream that contains steam moisture emits by uncovered 15 of supplies room, so, wet Lin's grass in the baking oven supplies room just gradually can be dry, when oven dry finishes, closes ducted fuel gas supply by water seal gate valves 10, stop heating, after supplies room 1 cooling, just can carry out Lin's grass after baking, advance other processing technology step and go.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of hot air grass drying box device, the supplies room that it includes can heat-insulation and heat-preservation, end face is taken gas port out of, the underrun airflow-distribution board of supplies room is communicated with the hot blast chamber, the hot blast chamber is communicated with the combustion chamber of bake oven device, it is characterized in that being provided with between combustion chamber and the hot blast chamber and be connected with fan house, and the combustion chamber also is connected with arm on the gas transmission main by control valve and pipeline, and an end of gas transmission main connects gas producer through deduster; Described supplies room end face adopts open type, and unlimited position becomes the gas outlet; Be provided with blower fan in the described fan house, the blast of blower fan is at 550 handkerchiefs~650 handkerchiefs, and air quantity is at 20000 meters 3/ hour~25000 meters 3/ hour.
2, hot air grass drying box device according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described pipeline water seal gate valves.
3, hot air grass drying box device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described control valve is an automatic control flow valve.
4, hot air grass drying box device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described deduster adopts the cyclone separating deduster of band washing.
5, hot air grass drying box device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described gas producer is gas generator or utilizes firewood or the gas producer of forage or fiber or various wooden waste generation fuel gas.
CNB2006100807660A 2006-05-15 2006-05-15 Hot air grass drying box Expired - Fee Related CN100498173C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100807660A CN100498173C (en) 2006-05-15 2006-05-15 Hot air grass drying box

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100807660A CN100498173C (en) 2006-05-15 2006-05-15 Hot air grass drying box

Publications (2)

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CN101074844A CN101074844A (en) 2007-11-21
CN100498173C true CN100498173C (en) 2009-06-10

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103940202B (en) * 2014-04-30 2016-03-23 全椒海丰印刷包装有限公司 Convection current wind-force paper tube bake oven
CN105032888B (en) * 2015-06-25 2017-08-25 宁波宣腾草业工贸有限公司 The material recovery system end to end of braiding forage
CN109000438A (en) * 2018-09-11 2018-12-14 重庆申基特机械制造有限公司 Bed dryer

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
新型木材热风干燥方法. 田欣.北京木材工业,第2期. 1994
新型木材热风干燥方法. 田欣.北京木材工业,第2期. 1994 *

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Owner name: NINGBO KASEEN ECOLOGY TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 315177 NINGBO KASEEN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING CO., LTD., NO. 288, GULIN SECTION, YINXIAN AVENUE, NINGBO CITY, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE TO: 315177 NO. 288, GULIN SECTION, YINXIAN AVENUE, NINGBO CITY, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE

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Effective date of registration: 20110420

Address after: The ancient forest section of Zhejiang province Ningbo City Yinxian Avenue 315177 No. 288

Patentee after: Ningbo Kaseen Ecology Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: The ancient forest section of Zhejiang province Ningbo City Yinxian Avenue 315177 No. 288 Ningbo Kaicheng Husbandry Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd

Patentee before: Zhu Hualun

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Granted publication date: 20090610

Termination date: 20130515