CN204608544U - A kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement - Google Patents

A kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204608544U
CN204608544U CN201520036220.XU CN201520036220U CN204608544U CN 204608544 U CN204608544 U CN 204608544U CN 201520036220 U CN201520036220 U CN 201520036220U CN 204608544 U CN204608544 U CN 204608544U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
conservation layer
layer
water conservation
permeable pavement
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520036220.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛志东
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International Holding Co Ltd Of Ten Thousand Li Qing
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International Holding Co Ltd Of Ten Thousand Li Qing
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement, below the pervious layer being arranged at covering of roadway, the moisture of road surface can be passed through pervious layer and enters in described water conservation layer, and described water conservation layer comprises the water conservation layer matrix that can pass through for moisture or store and the multiple water storage parts be arranged at intervals in described matrix.To strengthen water permeability and the water storage performance of percolating water paving structure, and reduce cost of production.

Description

A kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement
Technical field
The utility model relates to highway construction technical field, particularly relates to a kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement.
Background technology
Because current economy develops rapidly, we constantly change by the environment of life, and the paces of urbanization are accelerated day by day, and highrise building constantly increases, and road also constantly to be widened and extended, be presented in people at the moment be that high building stands in great numbers, bridge scene in length and breadth.But following one by one problem is, vegetation is constantly destroyed, although devise a lot of greenbelts in the development plan in city, but what have to admit is that the green coverage in city is fewer and feweri, heat island effect is serious day by day, large stretch of concrete floor is that ground and stratum are completely isolated, cement earth's surface is long-pending water problem easily, because Natural Water can not reclaim in time, and the water resource waste problem caused, and the soil below cement pavement easily hardens, the problem of alkalization all becomes the puzzlement in our living environment, the speed of worsening of environment all at any time in catalysis, how to alleviate the problem that heat island effect becomes current primary solution.
Previous technical scheme for first spreading one deck yellow sand at paving one deck brick on existing ground, make Natural Water can reclaim by the gap infiltration of road floor is rear like this, add the rate of recovery of Natural Water, but yellow sand of long duration subsides and floor tile plane namely can be caused uneven, can not deal with problems at all.
Chinese patent CN 03145704 discloses a kind of environmental protection permeable pavement construction method, comprises and is combined into unit structure by water-permeable pipe, connection network, and is connected to each other to vast area by some unit structures; By unit structure lay on road subsoil earth and macadam gradating floor, drainage belt is embedded with in the lower soil of unit structure, some steam pipes do not give up with unit structure below macadam gradating layer in, be connected with firing equipment with on steam pipe and be connected with pipeline with storage tank involved by underground; Starch with concrete perfusion on block construction, make concrete grout condense into concrete plate; Asphaltic pitches rubble surface layer is covered or other can make the surface layer in paving on concrete plate.Can make that road surface runs into rainwater by this to fall, rainwater diversion can be entered underground soil and join in layer, make ponding is avoided on road surface, technique scheme solves road surface easily long-pending water problem well, but the porosity of macadam can not ensure, therefore its water permeability is limited; And gutter is set in the lower floor of concrete plate, the rainwater infiltrated can directly be transported in storage tank, therefore or can impact the ecological environment of underground do not have water storage effect, the soil if things go on like this below concrete plate easily hardens, alkalizes.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement, to strengthen water permeability and the water storage performance of water permeable pavement, and reduces cost of production.
For solving the problem, the utility model provides a kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement, and below the pervious layer being arranged at covering of roadway, the moisture of road surface can be passed through pervious layer and enters in described water conservation layer; Described water conservation layer comprises the water conservation layer matrix that can pass through for moisture or store and the multiple water storage parts be arranged at intervals in described matrix.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, described water storage parts are the hollow water storage ball with permeable hole.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, is provided with absorbent material in described water storage ball.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, described water storage ball adopts PP material.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, in described water conservation layer matrix, every square metre arranges at least ten pieces of described water storage balls.
One as technique scheme is improved, wherein, described water storage bulb diameter be described water conservation layer thickness/to/.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, it also comprises the discharge structure being arranged on water storage parts bottom.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, described discharge structure is band drain or gutter or gravel of making pottery.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, is also provided with filtration beds above described discharge structure.
One as technique scheme is improved, and wherein, filtration beds is nonwoven layer or glass layer.
By the utility model and prior art are contrasted, known the utility model arranges water storage parts by interval in the water conservation layer matrix that can pass through for moisture in the water conservation layer of water permeable pavement, water storage parts pass through the mode of the water reservation of self and the porosity of increase water conservation layer matrix, thus increase the moisture storage capacity of water conservation layer, increase the porosity of described water conservation layer matrix simultaneously, lower the choice requirement to water conservation layer matrix, reduce cost of production.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is used to provide further understanding of the present utility model, and forms a part for manual, is used from explanation the utility model, but does not form restriction of the present utility model with detailed description of the invention one below.In the accompanying drawings:
The structural representation of a kind of water permeable pavement that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The water conservation Rotating fields schematic diagram that Fig. 2 is the water permeable pavement shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the water storage ball of the water conservation layer shown in Fig. 2;
The permeable supporting structure schematic diagram that Fig. 4 is the water permeable pavement shown in Fig. 1;
The structural representation of the water permeable pavement of the another kind application water conservation layer that Fig. 5 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The permeable supporting structure schematic diagram that Fig. 6 is the water permeable pavement shown in Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in detail.Should be understood that, detailed description of the invention described herein, only for instruction and explanation of the utility model, is not limited to the utility model.
In the utility model, when not doing contrary explanation, the noun of locality of use such as " upper and lower, top, bottom " typically refers to the direction as shown in Figure of description.
The utility model provides a kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement, is arranged in percolating water paving structure and also can increases water permeability for water conservation, and then increases the permeable amount of water permeable pavement.
Refer to Fig. 1, the water conservation layer of the water permeable pavement that the utility model provides, this percolating water paving structure is arranged on the soil horizon 300 on ground, sets gradually from top to bottom: pervious layer 100, macadam 200.In the macadam 200 that this water conservation layer 400 is arranged on pervious layer less than 100 or soil horizon 300, or in both interlayers.This pervious layer 100 is formed by the condensation of concrete perfusion in permeable support B, please also refer to Fig. 4, permeable support B of the present utility model, comprises the water-permeable pipe 40b of several hollows that are parallel each other and that vertically arrange with permeability cell 50b, for being connected and making the bracing frame that water-permeable pipe 30b and permeability cell 40b vertically places.Bracing frame is horizontally disposed with in permeable support B, and this bracing frame is cross-linked to form network by multiple rod member arranged in length and breadth, and is provided with connecting portion in bracing frame, and this connecting portion is used for being connected and fixed multiple water-permeable pipe 40b or permeability cell 50b.This bracing frame can be simple layer network and arranges, and also can be two-layer equation network and arranges, and as shown is two-layer equation and arranges.
This permeable support B as shown in Figure 4, comprise the water-permeable pipe 40b of some hollow be arranged in parallel each other and permeability cell 50b and for support this water-permeable pipe 40b and permeability cell 50b by crisscross latticed bracing frame 20b, the 30b be connected to form of multiple rod member, the top of this water-permeable pipe 40b and permeability cell 50b and/or bottom be connected with the connecting portion of support frame as described above 20b, 30b coordinate after vertically place, the mouth of pipe on water-permeable pipe 40b and permeability cell 50b top is removably connected with lid frame 10, the collet 60 and mouth of pipe of bottom removably connects.In other surface layer structures that the moisture on top layer, paving can be dredged under it by pervious layer 100.
Please also refer to Fig. 2, water conservation layer 400 comprises water conservation layer matrix and some water storage parts be arranged on alternate form in this water conservation layer matrix.The moisture on water permeable pavement top layer is dredged in water conservation layer 400 by above-mentioned pervious layer 100, and portion of water is stored in water conservation layer matrix and these water storage parts, and then also can filter moisture; Moisture in water conservation layer matrix can continue by space wherein to enter in the soil horizon 300 of its underpart, slowly permeable subterranean soil horizon 300, activating soil, or enters in the reservoir of underground setting.Pervious layer 100 in certain the utility model can be made by above-mentioned permeable support B, also can be other surface layer structures of porous, as pervious asphalt paving.
Particularly, when being arranged in macadam by this water conservation layer 400, water conservation layer matrix of the present utility model is rubble; Water storage parts are water storage ball 80, and please also refer to Fig. 3, water storage ball 80 adopts the PP material of high-quality to make, quality is light, and toughness is comparatively strong, has good crushing resistance, guaranteeing that it is arranged in rubble can not be damaged because of extruding, and certainly, water storage ball also can be made via other metals or non-metallic material.Water storage ball 80 offers multiple water through permeable hole 81, and wherein uniformly in the border of water storage ball 80 can arrange permeable hole 81, this permeable hole 81 not only can be used for moisture to pass through, and upwards can also discharge for the humid air in soil horizon 300 and macadam 200.And every square metre arranges at least ten pieces of described water storage balls 80 in water conservation layer matrix, the porosity that both can effectively increase between rubble does not affect the structural strength of macadam simultaneously.Then when moisture enters after in water conservation layer 400, temporarily can be stored in the gap of rubble formation, and water storage ball 80 can be entered into by this permeable hole 81, to store.
Due to the storing water performance of water storage ball 80 itself, the permeable amount of whole water permeable pavement can be made to increase, rainwater can be stored rapidly, effectively alleviate the pressure that instantaneous concentrated rainfall causes water permeable pavement; Avoid because the gap of macadam 200 itself is less, can water-holding quantity limited.And water storage ball 80 is because its hollow is arranged, not only can short time a large amount of water, can also all penetrate into after in the soil horizon 300 of below by the moisture in macadam 200, the moisture of its storage inside is sucked out successively, profit is carried out to soil, to prevent in pavement structure in the past soil horizon 300 because can not supply in time after water loss, cause soil easily to harden, alkalize, therefore can impact the ecological environment of underground.
And in the past in order to make water permeable pavement have good water permeability, the porosity of macadam 200 need be ensured, macadam 200 often selects ballast grain sizes to be 3 ~ 5cm, but because the rubble of this particle diameter need carry out multiple times of filtration screening, while adding cost of production, because particle diameter can impact the planeness of other surface layers be laid on macadam 300 comparatively greatly undoubtedly.And after water conservation layer 400 is set, it effectively can increase the porosity between water conservation layer 400 medium stone material (i.e. macadam 200) by the mode that interval in crushed stone material arranges water storage ball 80, and the diameter of water storage ball 80 is preferably set to 1/4 to 1/5 of water conservation layer 400 thickness, while keeping porosity, ensure that to make water storage ball 80 the paving planeness of macadam 200 is not affected.Therefore when water storage ball 80 ensures that porosity is low, select the crushed stone material of 1 ~ 3cm particle diameter can ensure larger water yield, effectively can reduce the choice requirement for macadam 200 medium stone material, and because ballast grain sizes elects 1 ~ 3cm as by disposable screening, greatly reduce cost.
The shape of certain the utility model to water storage parts does not limit, in other embodiments, water storage parts can also be the block structure of hollow, or the hollow containment structures of other shapes, as long as may be used for water storage and can increase the space between crushed stone material in crushed stone material.And if when this water conservation layer 400 is arranged in soil horizon 300, this water conservation layer matrix is then soil, and can, at described water storage parts outer setting filtration, avoid impurity gravel to enter in these water storage parts.
Further, also absorbent material is provided with in above-mentioned water storage parts, this absorbent material can increase the moisture storage capacity of water storage parts, the moisture president of its inside stays for a long time and deposits, after the moisture in water conservation layer 400 rubble gap is dredged out gradually, water storage parts are because have absorbent material, and the moisture of its absorbed inside can slowly be sucked out, while increasing the storage capacity of water storage parts, in the further long period, avoid soil plate.
Further, discharge structure 90 is also provided with in described water conservation layer 400, this discharge structure 90 is gutter, band drain or pottery gravel, can also relative set guiding gutter or aqueduct below this discharge structure 90, the moisture dredged by discharge structure 90 is pooled to reservoir or other can concentrate water part.And can adopt stage manner that canvas cloth is set below above-mentioned discharge structure 90, running into when raining heavyly to make water permeable pavement, the moisture of a part infiltrates in soil horizon 300 by spacer rapidly, another part moisture by the throttling of canvas cloth section, and is collected in reservoir or other water collecting equipments by discharge structure 90.Certainly nonwoven layer or glass layer can also being adopted as filtration beds above above-mentioned discharge structure 90, to filter the water source collected, preparing for again utilizing.
Water conservation layer 400 can also be applied in other forms of pavement structure, refer to Fig. 5, the another kind of water permeable pavement of the utility model embodiment, in this kind of water permeable pavement, pervious layer 100 is consisted of permeable support A concrete perfusion, please also refer to Fig. 6, permeable support A of the present utility model, comprises the water-permeable pipe 30a of several hollows that are parallel each other and that vertically arrange with permeability cell 40a, for being connected and the many rows bracing frame 20a be connected by string frame 50a making water-permeable pipe 30a and permeability cell 40a vertically place.Form large-scale permeable support A after being connected with bracing frame 20a with permeability cell 40a by several water-permeable pipes 30a, after further concrete perfusion, some permeable holes and air-vent can be formed on top layer, paving, namely can be used as the permeable framework in basis of above-mentioned pervious layer 100.Above-mentioned several water-permeable pipes 30a and permeability cell 40a and bracing frame 20a can certainly be arranged to unit structure type, by multiple unit structure being connected to form further the permeable support needed for laying pervious layer 100.
From above-mentioned embodiment of the present utility model, the water conservation layer of the utility model water permeable pavement, have water flowing, water storage, exhaust water storage parts concurrently by what arrange hollow, make water permeable pavement rapidly rainwater can be dredged below route face when raining heavyly running into, reduce the generation of traffic hazard.The setting of water storage parts, effectively increases the porosity between crushed stone material simultaneously, and the moisture storage capacity of increase water permeable pavement reduces the choice requirement to crushed stone material simultaneously further, thus reduces cost of production.
Below preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described by reference to the accompanying drawings in detail; but; the utility model is not limited to the detail in above-mentioned embodiment; within the scope of technical conceive of the present utility model; can carry out multiple simple variant to the technical solution of the utility model, these simple variant all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
It should be noted that in addition, each concrete technical characteristic described in above-mentioned detailed description of the invention, in reconcilable situation, can be combined by any suitable mode, in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the utility model illustrates no longer separately to various possible combination.
In addition, also can be combined between various different embodiment of the present utility model, as long as it is without prejudice to thought of the present utility model, it should be considered as content disclosed in the utility model equally.

Claims (10)

1. the water conservation layer (400) of a water permeable pavement, be arranged at the pervious layer (200) of covering of roadway below, the moisture of road surface can be passed through pervious layer (200) and enters in described water conservation layer (400), it is characterized in that, described water conservation layer (400) comprises the water conservation layer matrix that can pass through for moisture or store and the multiple water storage parts be arranged at intervals in described matrix.
2. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water storage parts are the hollow water storage ball (80) with permeable hole (81).
3. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 2, is characterized in that, is provided with absorbent material in described water storage ball (80).
4. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described water storage ball (80) adopts PP material.
5. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 2, is characterized in that, in described water conservation layer matrix, every square metre arranges at least ten pieces of described water storage balls (80).
6. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described water storage ball (80) diameter is 1/4 to 1/5 of described water conservation layer (400) thickness.
7. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 1, is characterized in that, it also comprises the discharge structure (90) being arranged on water storage parts bottom.
8. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described discharge structure (90) is band drain or gutter or gravel of making pottery.
9. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described discharge structure (90) top is also provided with filtration beds.
10. the water conservation layer of a kind of water permeable pavement according to claim 8, is characterized in that, filtration beds is nonwoven layer or glass layer.
CN201520036220.XU 2015-01-19 2015-01-19 A kind of water conservation layer of water permeable pavement Expired - Fee Related CN204608544U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442405A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-03-30 江阴市人人达科技有限公司 Anti-shrinkage sponge floor tile
CN107881876A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-06 梅州九方生态建设有限公司 A kind of permeable ecological pavement that draws water
CN110761140A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105442405A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-03-30 江阴市人人达科技有限公司 Anti-shrinkage sponge floor tile
CN107881876A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-06 梅州九方生态建设有限公司 A kind of permeable ecological pavement that draws water
CN110761140A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof
CN110761140B (en) * 2019-10-25 2021-06-22 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof

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Termination date: 20190119