CN204476470U - A kind of waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam - Google Patents

A kind of waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204476470U
CN204476470U CN201520039515.2U CN201520039515U CN204476470U CN 204476470 U CN204476470 U CN 204476470U CN 201520039515 U CN201520039515 U CN 201520039515U CN 204476470 U CN204476470 U CN 204476470U
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China
Prior art keywords
drainage
type
waterstop
waterproof
tunnel
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520039515.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李永永
韩大千
侯豪斌
郑其银
薛晓辉
孙志杰
隋来才
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山西省交通科学研究院
山西交科公路勘察设计院
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Priority to CN201520039515.2U priority Critical patent/CN204476470U/en
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Publication of CN204476470U publication Critical patent/CN204476470U/en

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the waterproof and water drainage system relating to a kind of applicable tunnel project seam.Described waterproof and water drainage system comprises Ω type can drainage type waterstop, common waterstop, grit chamber, longitudinal drainage ditch and grouting drainage band; Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop and common waterstop all be laid along tunnel arch, and the engineering that both are arranged on two linings outside to inside by tunnel is successively sewed on; Described Ω type can the Ω tube opening of drainage type waterstop towards country rock side, and lay grouting drainage band at this opening; Described sand trap, longitudinal drainage ditch are positioned at bottom the cable channel in tunnel; Described Ω type drainage type waterstop and common waterstop can meet at grit chamber.Compared with prior art, the waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model decreases percolating water chance, improve the reliability and maintainability of waterstop, the frost heave blocking that can effectively prevent was lost efficacy, and the later stage can be facilitated to dredge maintenance test by arranging of open caisson pond, drainage effect is good.

Description

A kind of waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam
Technical field
The utility model belongs to tunneling and underground engineering waterproof technique field, specifically, relates to a kind of waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam.
Background technology
Along with the great-leap-forward development of China Transportation Industry, construction of tunnel is repaiied more and more, repaiies longer and longer.But the disease problem in tunnel is day by day also given prominence to, especially " three seams " percolating water, so-called " ten tunnels nine leak " is just reflecting the frequent of water damage.Water leakage defect not only affects the normal use of electromechanical equipment in tunnel and life-span, causes tunnel lining to ftracture or falls block, threatens the safety of driving a vehicle in tunnel, also can shorten maintenance period and the application life of highway tunnel, and be difficult to thoroughly radical cure, the first persistent ailment of construction of tunnel is called by building industry.
Although be all provided with special waterproofing course in the numerous mountain tunnels built in recent years, still have the seepage that many tunnels just occur in various degree soon after building up.Because tunnel waterproof system is in damage and the blocking of building and occur during operation a variety of causes, percolating water will alter waterproofing course makes concrete lining become the key of whole construction of tunnel waterproof.There is uncompacted problem around the smooth and waterstop of lower row, expanded rubber bar in " three seam " general of waterproof at present.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides the waterproof and water drainage system of simple, easy to operate, the maintainable strong applicable tunnel project seam of a kind of structure.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1, common waterstop 2, grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4, grouting drainage band 5, insulation layer 6 and reserved injected hole 7; Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 all be laid along tunnel arch, and the engineering that both are arranged on two linings outside to inside by tunnel is successively sewed on; Described Ω type can the Ω tube opening of drainage type waterstop 1 towards country rock side, and lay grouting drainage band 5 at this opening; Described grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4 are positioned at bottom the cable channel in tunnel; Described Ω type drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 can meet at grit chamber 3.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises the insulation layer 6 laid along tunnel project seam, and this insulation layer 6 is provided with reserved injected hole 7.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described common waterstop 2 is laid on reserved injected hole 7 place of engineering seam.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 be that the common waterstop that detours with ribbing is pasted onto Ω type spring rows water pipe both sides.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described Ω type can change HK-798 by drainage type waterstop 1 in location for paste brushing Thief zone type Epoxy resin waterproof material.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described grit chamber 3 is arranged in cable channel near longitudinal drainage ditch 4 side.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described Ω type can be arranged on (1/3)-(1/2) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness by drainage type waterstop 1.
The waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, described common waterstop 2 is arranged on (1/2)-(2/3) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness.
Compared with prior art, the waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model has the following advantages and effect: impart drain function to waterstop, first arranges the seepage water pressure that blocks up afterwards and effectively reduce waterstop place thus decreases percolating water chance; In the middle of Ω type pipe, jointless setting improves the reliability of waterstop; Dual waterstop and reserved injected hole improve the reliability and maintainability of waterstop; The frost heave blocking that in drainage system, the setting of insulation layer can effectively prevent was lost efficacy, and can insert electric-heating-wire-heating dredging if desired; Drainage system path is smooth and easy not easily to be blocked, and the later stage can be facilitated to dredge maintenance test by arranging of open caisson pond, and drainage effect is good.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: waterproof and water drainage system structural front view; Fig. 2: waterproof and water drainage system structure top view; Fig. 3: Ω type can drainage type waterstop schematic diagram; 1-Ω type can drainage type waterstop, the common waterstop of 2-, 3-grit chamber, 4-be incubated gutter, 5-grouting drainage band, 6-insulation layer, 7-reserve injected hole.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described further below in conjunction with the waterproof and water drainage system of specific embodiment to applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
A waterproof and water drainage system for applicable tunnel project seam, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1, common waterstop 2, grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4, grouting drainage band 5, insulation layer 6 and reserved injected hole 7; Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 all be laid along tunnel arch, and the engineering that both are arranged on two linings outside to inside by tunnel is successively sewed on; Described Ω type can the Ω tube opening of drainage type waterstop 1 towards country rock side, and lay grouting drainage band 5 at this opening; Described grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4 are positioned at bottom the cable channel in tunnel; Described Ω type drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 can meet at grit chamber 3; Described Ω type can be arranged on (1/3)-(1/2) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness by drainage type waterstop 1; Described common waterstop 2 is arranged on (1/2)-(2/3) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness.
Embodiment 2
A waterproof and water drainage system for applicable tunnel project seam, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1, common waterstop 2, grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4, grouting drainage band 5, insulation layer 6 and reserved injected hole 7; Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 all be laid along tunnel arch, and the engineering that both are arranged on two linings outside to inside by tunnel is successively sewed on; Described Ω type can the Ω tube opening of drainage type waterstop 1 towards country rock side, and lay grouting drainage band 5 at this opening; Described grit chamber 3, longitudinal drainage ditch 4 are positioned at bottom the cable channel in tunnel; Described Ω type drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2 can meet at grit chamber 3; Described waterproof and water drainage system comprises the insulation layer 6 laid along tunnel project seam, and in order to protect Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 and common waterstop 2, this insulation layer 6 be provided with reserved injected hole 7; Described common waterstop 2 is laid on reserved injected hole 7 place of engineering seam; Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop 1 be that the common waterstop that detours with ribbing is pasted onto Ω type spring rows water pipe both sides; Described Ω type can change HK-798 by drainage type waterstop 1 in location for paste brushing Thief zone type Epoxy resin waterproof material; Described grit chamber 3 is arranged in cable channel near longitudinal drainage ditch 4 side; Described Ω type can be arranged on (1/3)-(1/2) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness by drainage type waterstop 1; Described common waterstop 2 is arranged on (1/2)-(2/3) place of two linings near first lining direction thickness.
Work progress: after tunnel excavation completes, carries out preliminary bracing according to a conventional method, comprises steel mesh reinforcement, anchor pole, steel arch-shelf, performs simultaneously and just serves as a contrast sprayed mortar; After just lining concrete carries out basal plane process, perform cold-proof heat insulation layer according to a conventional method; Described two lining form concretes are when wherein side is built, anti-Ω groove is reserved near just serving as a contrast thickness about 1/3 place, direction at its edge, after having built, Ω type spring rows water pipe is placed in the groove of two lining form concretes, Ω type spring rows water pipe Ω head both sides and the common waterstop hot-melt adhesive that detours with ribbing, HK-798 cementing agent is changed in the Thief zone type Epoxy resin waterproof material of local area, opening part lays grouting drainage band, be linked to be entirety with waterstop, waterstop lays heat insulating material inside tunnel; Common waterstop 2 is installed near just serving as a contrast thickness about 2/3 place, direction, and the construction technology of common waterstop 2 and reserved injected hole presses highway tunnel standard construction.The lower end of waterstop, waterstop 4 is connected with the grit chamber of tunnel cable channel bottom; Carry out two lining form concrete mould note constructions of the other side of tunnel project seam; Reserve grit chamber and insulation longitudinal drainage gutter structure in bottom when building cable channel.
Compared with prior art, the waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam described in the utility model has the following advantages and effect: impart drain function to waterstop, first arranges the seepage water pressure that blocks up afterwards and effectively reduce waterstop place thus decreases percolating water chance; In the middle of Ω type pipe, jointless setting improves the reliability of waterstop; Dual waterstop and reserved injected hole improve the reliability and maintainability of waterstop; The frost heave blocking that in drainage system, the setting of insulation layer can effectively prevent was lost efficacy, and can insert electric-heating-wire-heating dredging if desired; Drainage system path is smooth and easy not easily to be blocked, and the later stage can be facilitated to dredge maintenance test by arranging of open caisson pond, and drainage effect is good.

Claims (8)

1. the waterproof and water drainage system of an applicable tunnel project seam, it is characterized in that, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises Ω type can drainage type waterstop (1), common waterstop (2), grit chamber (3), longitudinal drainage ditch (4) and grouting drainage band (5); Described Ω type can drainage type waterstop (1) and common waterstop (2) all be laid along tunnel arch, and the engineering that both are arranged on two linings outside to inside by tunnel is successively sewed on; Described Ω type can the Ω tube opening of drainage type waterstop (1) towards country rock side, and lay grouting drainage band (5) at this opening; Described grit chamber (3), longitudinal drainage ditch (4) are positioned at bottom the cable channel in tunnel; Described Ω type drainage type waterstop (1) and common waterstop (2) can meet at grit chamber (3).
2. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described waterproof and water drainage system comprises the insulation layer (6) laid along tunnel project seam, and this insulation layer (6) is provided with reserved injected hole (7).
3. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described common waterstop (2) is laid on reserved injected hole (7) place of engineering seam.
4. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Ω type can drainage type waterstop (1) be that the common waterstop that detours with ribbing is pasted onto Ω type spring rows water pipe both sides.
5. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described Ω type can change HK-798 by drainage type waterstop (1) in location for paste brushing Thief zone type Epoxy resin waterproof material.
6. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described grit chamber (3) is arranged in cable channel near longitudinal drainage ditch (4) side.
7. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Ω type can be arranged on the 1/3-1/2 place of two linings near first lining direction thickness by drainage type waterstop (1).
8. the waterproof and water drainage system of a kind of applicable tunnel project seam according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described common waterstop (2) is arranged on the 1/2-2/3 place of two linings near first lining direction thickness.
CN201520039515.2U 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 A kind of waterproof and water drainage system of applicable tunnel project seam CN204476470U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545355A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-05-04 西南交通大学 Drainage structure suitable for tunnel bottom in water-rich rock stratum
CN105909308A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-31 中国五冶集团有限公司 Subsurface tunnel drainage treatment method
CN106437784A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-02-22 北京交通大学 Dislocation-resistant combined tunnel support structure for passing through active broken course
CN106640154A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-10 中交四公局第工程有限公司 Treatment method and structure for water seepage of tunnel lining circular construction joint crack
CN108533315A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-09-14 河南省交通规划设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of percolating water ejectment structure and construction method for wall in tunnel, tunnel
CN109236366A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-18 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 A kind of external drainage system of tunnel water rich strata inverted arch and construction method
CN109441535A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-03-08 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of tunnel waterproof and water drainage system and its construction method
CN110486086A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-22 山东省交通规划设计院 A kind of tunnel-liner percolating water ejectment mechanism and application method with compensating action
WO2019237908A1 (en) * 2018-06-12 2019-12-19 济南城建集团有限公司 Blocking and drainage combined treatment method for water leakage at construction joint of secondary lining of tunnel

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105545355A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-05-04 西南交通大学 Drainage structure suitable for tunnel bottom in water-rich rock stratum
CN105545355B (en) * 2016-01-19 2018-02-06 西南交通大学 The discharge structure of tunnel bottom suitable for rich water lithostratigraphy
CN105909308A (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-08-31 中国五冶集团有限公司 Subsurface tunnel drainage treatment method
CN106437784A (en) * 2016-10-11 2017-02-22 北京交通大学 Dislocation-resistant combined tunnel support structure for passing through active broken course
CN106640154A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-05-10 中交四公局第工程有限公司 Treatment method and structure for water seepage of tunnel lining circular construction joint crack
CN108533315A (en) * 2018-04-17 2018-09-14 河南省交通规划设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of percolating water ejectment structure and construction method for wall in tunnel, tunnel
WO2019237908A1 (en) * 2018-06-12 2019-12-19 济南城建集团有限公司 Blocking and drainage combined treatment method for water leakage at construction joint of secondary lining of tunnel
CN109236366A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-18 中铁隧道集团二处有限公司 A kind of external drainage system of tunnel water rich strata inverted arch and construction method
CN109441535A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-03-08 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of tunnel waterproof and water drainage system and its construction method
CN110486086A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-22 山东省交通规划设计院 A kind of tunnel-liner percolating water ejectment mechanism and application method with compensating action

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Granted publication date: 20150715

Termination date: 20190120