CN204244924U - For the cleaning system of eel culture - Google Patents

For the cleaning system of eel culture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204244924U
CN204244924U CN201420643487.0U CN201420643487U CN204244924U CN 204244924 U CN204244924 U CN 204244924U CN 201420643487 U CN201420643487 U CN 201420643487U CN 204244924 U CN204244924 U CN 204244924U
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China
Prior art keywords
culturing pool
filter course
supervisor
screen pipe
cleaning
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420643487.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈宏�
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陈宏�
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to marine fish cultivation field, relates to the cleaning system for eel culture, and it comprises purification earth's surface water purifying means; Purifier comprises supervisor and peripheral at least two-layer filter course is being responsible in winding, supervisor vertically places and is embedded in below earth's surface, earth's surface is extended in the upper end of supervisor, filter course is that to be arranged in order by the some screen pipes vertically placed the cross section formed be the structure of ring-type, filter course is positioned at below earth's surface, supervisor is close to by the screen pipe of internal layer filter course, the screen pipe of internal layer filter course is close to by the screen pipe of secondary internal layer filter course, and filter course outwards increases successively; Supervisor with screen pipe fit section tube wall on and screen pipe side wall surface on be provided with multiple eyelet, be all provided with the lid that can open on every root screen pipe top.Use the utility model, only need the manufacturing cost dropping into purifier, just can provide clean water source endlessly for eel, reduce the annual water resource cost needing to drop into; Water resource is recycled, energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

For the cleaning system of eel culture
Technical field
The utility model belongs to marine fish cultivation field, particularly for the cleaning system in eel culture pond.
Background technology
Eel is egg reproduction in deep-sea, grows up in fresh water environment, fine and tender taste, containing a large amount of vitamin A, fat and protein, nutrition even exceedes chicken, is a kind of economic fish, artificial feeding can be carried out, but eel like clean, free of contamination waters is stayed in, and is organism in water the purest in the world, therefore artificial feeding eel, require very high to the cleannes of growing environment, but there are some drawbacks in the existing cleaning system for eel culture pond:
1. due to industrial aquaculture, to the consideration of cost, the cleannes in its water source own are just not high, or water is recycled, adopt the poor filter of effect to carry out coarse filtration, be difficult to the cleannes ensureing water, or ensure that water cleaning degree, but cost is very high, these constrain the development of eel industrial aquaculture industry.
2. in existing culturing pool, in drainage, at the bottom of pond, be provided with certain descending slope to mudhole, naturally dirty to mudhole collection according to the effect of gravity, but filth-discharging effect is poor, and blowing time is oversize, changes water consumption larger; Or adopt and manually drive blowdown, or adopt other sewage collection system, cost is very high again.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: provide a kind of can blowdown, the low cost that high clean water source is provided of purifying waste water the cleaning system for eel culture pond.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of cleaning system for eel culture pond, and it comprises purification earth's surface water purifying means:
Described purifier comprises supervisor and peripheral at least two-layer filter course is being responsible in winding, described supervisor vertically places and is embedded in below earth's surface, earth's surface is extended in the upper end of supervisor, described filter course is that to be arranged in order by the some screen pipes vertically placed the cross section formed be the structure of ring-type, filter course is positioned at below earth's surface, supervisor is close to by the screen pipe of internal layer filter course, the screen pipe of internal layer filter course is close to by the screen pipe of secondary internal layer filter course, and filter course outwards increases successively; Supervisor with screen pipe fit section tube wall on and screen pipe side wall surface on be provided with multiple eyelet, be all provided with the lid that can open on every root screen pipe top.
Technology comparatively, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. in the utility model, purifier can water around self-purging, for eel provides natural water source, and be provided with at least two-layer filter course, ensure that the cleannes of the water of suitable eel growth and breeding, only need the manufacturing cost dropping into purifier, just can provide clean water source endlessly for eel, decrease the annual water resource cost needing to drop into; Water resource is recycled, energy-saving and emission-reduction.
2. the blowdown of the culturing pool in the utility model can be arranged to: bottom culturing pool for middle part horizontal plane is high, edge horizontal plane is low and edge to the excessive pot cover type bottom surface of middle part arc, upgrade internal layer runway is the dirty vortex runway of collection, and the outer runway of descending slope is eel athletic tracks, overall Chi Shui is under dynamic action, if aerator is to pond water oxygenation, make water body driving effect in the same direction, form the shape of the vortex that spins, the sewage in pond is made to be accumulated in the position of vortex core, under the requirement of breeding technique keeping the anxious blowdown of low water level, particular design at the bottom of its pond, sewage in pond is gathered to central sludge drainer place, under driving by the larger suction of vortex of low water level and short time anxious blowdown, improve the effect of blowdown, shorten more greatly the time of blowdown, and decrease the consumption changing water, avoid adopting artificial lower pond to drive the cost of blowdown.
3, the blow-off line that blowdown apparatus only need select similar cancellated excretion machine to be communicated with cooperation just can complete blowdown, and network structure is designed to the mesh of specific size, and eel seedling can be prevented to run off, and can ensure that the sewage containing foreign material is discharged automatically; And simplicity of design, price is very low, saves a large amount of costs.
4, due in industrial aquaculture, be provided with multiple culturing pool, as long as arrange inlet channel to ensure enough water, just automatically can give the water inlet of multiple culturing pool simultaneously, save the time, easy to use, simplicity of design, practical.
5, can workshop roof arrange structure and shelter from heat or light or insulation film made in conjunction with frame top, workshop is arranged, to ensure constant temperature in cultivating workshop, eel is grown rapidly, and output increases.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic top plan view of purifier;
Fig. 2 be purifier structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of culturing pool;
Fig. 4 be culturing pool structural representation.
Label declaration: at the bottom of 1 culturing pool, 2 drain ditchs, 3 inlet channels, 4 water inlet pipes, 5 blow-off lines, 6 filters, 7 chamferings, 8 water pumps, 9 screen pipes, 10 eyelets, 11 lids, 12 supervisors, 13 ponds.
Embodiment
Illustrate below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and the utility model elaborated:
For the cleaning system in eel culture pond, it comprises purification earth's surface water purifying means,
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, described purifier comprises supervisor 12 and the winding filter course at least two-layer in supervisor 12 periphery, described supervisor 12 vertically places and is embedded in below earth's surface, earth's surface is extended in the upper end of supervisor 12, described filter course is that to be arranged in order by the some screen pipes 9 vertically placed the cross section formed be the structure of ring-type, filter course is positioned at below earth's surface, supervisor 12 is close to by the screen pipe 9 of internal layer filter course, the screen pipe 9 of internal layer filter course is close to by the screen pipe 9 of secondary internal layer filter course, and filter course outwards increases successively; On supervisor 12 with the tube wall of screen pipe 9 section of laminating and on the side wall surface of screen pipe 9, be provided with multiple eyelet 10, be all provided with the lid 11 that can open on every root screen pipe 9 top;
As shown in Figure 2, screen pipe 9 is arranged closely in form the structure that cross section is ring-type outside supervisor 12, and the side wall surface of wherein screen pipe 9 and supervisor 12 arranges multiple eyelet 10 and is formed, sewage filters out impurity by eyelet 10 and purifies; The winding of multiple screen pipe 9 forms filter course in supervisor 12 periphery, and wherein filter course is at least provided with two-layer, guarantee by filter course purify laggard enter the cleannes of water in supervisor 12, with the growth and breeding of suitable eel; Effluent stream screen pipe 9, impurity sedimentation is in screen pipe 9, and in general, sediment needed within 3 years, will carry out clearing up once; Screen pipe 9 top is provided with the lid 11 that can open so that filter course is embedded in below soil and cleaning impurity; Screen pipe 9 and pipe can be cement production systD, or other not perishable materials are made.Purifier generally will be arranged on underground water source than more rich region, such as, near river course, or wetland.
Further, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, a kind of cleaning system for eel culture pond also comprises culturing pool device, described culturing pool device comprises Duo Zu culturing pool group, described Duo Zu culturing pool group is formed by several culturing pools 1 successively longitudinal arranged adjacent, culturing pool group is large group of transversely arranged formation culturing pool successively, and between adjacent culturing pool 1 group, be provided with spacing formation drain ditch 2 between two, aisle is equipped with above drain ditch 2, culturing pool large group of outside is arranged with inlet channel 3, inlet channel 3 is provided with the water inlet pipe 4 be communicated with each culturing pool 1, the blowdown apparatus be communicated with drain ditch 2 in the middle part of each culturing pool 1 bottom surface, described culturing pool 1 four jiaos is that chamfering 7 processes, bottom culturing pool 1 be that middle part horizontal plane is high, edge horizontal plane is low and edge to the excessive pot cover type bottom surface of middle part arc.
As shown in Figures 3 and 4, culturing pool is provided with several culturing pools 1, and divides into groups, to the eel of different growth conditions or different eel kind grouping cultivation, be convenient to observe controlling, to increase cultivation amount; Can certainly raise together with the eel of different growing state, be provided with drain ditch 2 between culturing pool 1 group, be convenient to the aquaculture wastewater of concentrated culturing pool and aquaculture wastewater of draining, aisle is set above drain ditch 2, not only shelter from drain ditch 2, can also for the passage providing staff to work; In industrial aquaculture, be provided with multiple culturing pool 1, if fill water to culturing pool 1 one by one, a large amount of time must be spent, therefore inlet channel 3 is set outside large group of culturing pool, as long as ensure water enough in inlet channel 3, just can automatically flow in culturing pool 1 by water inlet pipe 4, the horizontal plane at inlet channel 3 place can higher than the horizontal plane at place, drain ditch, and the two isolation, inlet channel 3 simplicity of design, in general practicality is but very strong; Culturing pool 1 four jiaos is that chamfering 7 processes, and when eel moves about, Chi Shui makes Chi Shui flow along chamfering 7, and then forms eel runway, promotes the growth and breeding of eel; This is that to make use of eel group be all the travelling characteristic of group directional; Moving about of eel, can form vortex and sewage most in pond and impurity gathered pond central authorities and be deposited to blowdown apparatus, to carry out blowdown in culturing pool; Be set to middle part horizontal plane bottom culturing pool 1 high, the pot cover type bottom surface that edge horizontal plane is low, make the dirty effect of collection more obvious.Different from traditional design, according to traditional structure, all that middle part horizontal plane is low at the bottom of general pond, the bottom surface of falling pot cover type that edge horizontal plane is high, but in the process that research collection is dirty, surprisingly find bottom culturing pool 1, to be set to middle part horizontal plane high, the pot cover type bottom surface that edge horizontal plane is low, the effect that better impurity gathers can be played, in time starting blowdown, coordinate eel move about the whirlpool and blowdown that are formed time the absorption affinity that produces, the impurity of more than 98% can be removed, and traditional structure can only remove about 80%, because impurity is clear clean, the probability that eel is sick can be reduced, improve the survival rate of eel and decrease medication rate, reduce entreprise cost, also the quality and yield of eel is improved.
Further, described blowdown apparatus comprises blow-off line 5, filter 6, and described filter 6 is positioned at the peak in centre position bottom culturing pool 1, and blow-off line 5 one end is communicated in filter 6, and the other end extends to drain ditch 2 and communicated drainage ditch 2.The sewage in drain ditch finally flows to after effluent treatment plant purification discharged to the external world.
Filter 6 in blowdown apparatus can be designed to similar netted structure, coordinates the blow-off line 5 being communicated in and extending to drain ditch 2 to carry out blowdown; Wherein network structure is designed to the mesh of specific size, ensures that the sewage containing foreign material is discharged automatically, eel seedling can be prevented to run off simultaneously; Every day only needs blowdown twice, just can reach the requirement of blowdown; And simplicity of design, price is very low, saves a large amount of costs.
Further, be provided with the oxygen cathete of annular spread bottom described culturing pool 1, oxygen cathete be distributed with some escape pipes, and being oriented of escape pipe presents unified clockwise direction or same counter clockwise direction according to ring form oxygen breathing pipe shape.
Being formed towards the direction of giving vent to anger of oxygen cathete is same as direction, while providing oxygen to culturing pool 1, Chi Shui is impelled to form larger vortex along chamfering 7, more and then by sewage focus on pond central authorities and be deposited to excretion machine place, carry out blowdown, and coordinate the design of 13 special pot cover type bottom surfaces at the bottom of pond, make filth-discharging effect very good.
Further, be provided with triangle steel structure above described culturing pool 1 and shelter from heat or light roof truss, the roof truss that shelters from heat or light is stamped shelter from heat or light film or the insulation film made of ventilation; Shelter from heat or light film or insulation film made makes culturing pool constant temperature.
Further, material-feeding platform is provided with above described culturing pool 1.Main purpose is for eel feeds intake.
Further, also comprise suction pump 8 in purifier, the end that draws water of suction pump 8 is positioned at supervisor 12, and the water side of suction pump 8 is positioned at inlet channel 3.The connection of suction pump 8 and inlet channel 3 is so that be evacuated to water in culturing pool 1.
In the utility model, purifier is embedded in soil, purification surface water, and be finally collected in supervisor 12, will be purified waste water from supervisor 12 by water pump 8 is extracted into culturing pool; Purifier is provided with three layers for filtering the filter course of sedimentation impurity, and 3 years once clear up impurity, to ensure that stable providing cleans water source endlessly, and the well be different from existing life, dependence soil filters, make the cleannes of well water be subject to the impact of surrounding environment very greatly, be difficult to the stable water quality that high cleanliness is provided.
The utility model culturing pool is provided with shelter from heat or light film or the insulation film made of ventilation, ensures culturing pool constant temperature, is beneficial to the growth and breeding of eel and then improves output; Be provided with inlet channel 3 to intake to multiple culturing pool 1 simultaneously, convenient and simple; Culturing pool 1 four jiaos is that chamfering 7 processes, and when eel moves about, Chi Shui makes Chi Shui flow along chamfering 7, and then forms eel runway, promotes the growth and breeding of eel; When Chi Shui flows along chamfering 7, culturing pool 1 can form vortex, while oxygen cathete is cured by oxygen therapy culturing pool 1, outgassing direction formed vortex unified around direction, to form the stronger vortex of rotate effect, sewage most in pond and impurity gathered pond central authorities and be deposited to blowdown apparatus, to carry out blowdown; Be set to middle part horizontal plane bottom culturing pool 1 high, the pot cover type bottom surface that edge horizontal plane is low, make the dirty effect of collection more obvious; Culturing pool 1 sewage is arranged near purifier, makes sewage enter purifier purification by earth's surface, recycles, energy-saving and emission-reduction, saved and used water cost water resource.
In the utility model, the particular design of purifier provides free clean water source for eel industrial aquaculture, and sewage energy repetitive cycling is utilized, and cost is low, is not only applied to eel culture industry, also may extend to every profession and trade, has very large meaning.The blowdown apparatus of culturing pool 1 in the utility model, oxygen cathete oxygen therapy, eel self is travelling, under the guiding of chamfering 7, making Chi Shui produce vortex concentrates sewage and impurity in blowdown apparatus, to carry out blowdown, and the design of 13 at the bottom of pot cover type pond, make the dirty effect of collection more obvious, cost is very low, practical.

Claims (7)

1. the cleaning system for eel culture, it is characterized in that: it comprises supervisor (12) and (12) peripheral at least two-layer filter course is being responsible in winding, described supervisor (12) vertically places and is embedded in below earth's surface, earth's surface is extended in the upper end of supervisor (12), described filter course is that to be arranged in order by the some screen pipes (9) vertically placed the cross section formed be the structure of ring-type, filter course is positioned at below earth's surface, supervisor (12) is close to by the screen pipe (9) of internal layer filter course, the screen pipe (9) of internal layer filter course is close to by the screen pipe (9) of secondary internal layer filter course, filter course outwards increases successively, supervisor (12) and screen pipe (9) fit section tube wall on and screen pipe (9) side wall surface on be provided with multiple eyelet (10), be all provided with the lid (11) that can open on every root screen pipe (9) top.
2. the cleaning system for eel culture according to claim 1, is characterized in that: it also comprises culturing pool device,
Described culturing pool device comprises Duo Zu culturing pool group, described Duo Zu culturing pool group is formed by several culturing pools (1) successively longitudinal arranged adjacent, culturing pool group is large group of transversely arranged formation culturing pool successively, and between adjacent culturing pool group, be provided with spacing formation drain ditch (2) between two, aisle is equipped with in drain ditch (2) top, culturing pool large group of outside is arranged with inlet channel (3), inlet channel (3) is provided with the water inlet pipe (4) be communicated with each culturing pool, the blowdown apparatus be communicated with drain ditch (2) in the middle part of each culturing pool bottom surface, described culturing pool corner is chamfered, bottom culturing pool be that middle part horizontal plane is high, edge horizontal plane is low and edge to the excessive pot cover type bottom surface of middle part arc.
3. the cleaning system for eel culture according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described blowdown apparatus comprises blow-off line (5), filter (6), described filter (6) is positioned at the peak in centre position bottom culturing pool, blow-off line (5) one end is communicated in filter (6), and the other end extends to drain ditch (2) and communicated drainage ditch (2).
4. the cleaning system for eel culture according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the oxygen cathete being provided with annular spread bottom described culturing pool, oxygen cathete is distributed with some escape pipes, and being oriented of escape pipe presents unified clockwise direction or unified counter clockwise direction according to ring form oxygen breathing pipe shape.
5. the cleaning system for eel culture according to claim 4, is characterized in that: be provided with triangle steel structure above described culturing pool and shelter from heat or light roof truss, the roof truss that shelters from heat or light is stamped shelter from heat or light film or the insulation film made of ventilation.
6. the cleaning system for eel culture according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described culturing pool (1) top is provided with material-feeding platform.
7. the cleaning system for eel culture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also comprises suction pump (8), the end connecting water pipe that draws water of suction pump (8) guides in supervisor (12), and the water side connecting water pipe of suction pump (8) guides in inlet channel (3).
CN201420643487.0U 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 For the cleaning system of eel culture Expired - Fee Related CN204244924U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420643487.0U CN204244924U (en) 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 For the cleaning system of eel culture

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104365514A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-25 陈宏� Industrial aquaculture system for sea eels
CN106577461A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 惠州市惠泽源实业有限公司 System for purifying the bottom of eel culture pond
CN108575834A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-28 集美大学 A kind of method handling surface water and the method for preventing sea eel ich

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104365514A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-25 陈宏� Industrial aquaculture system for sea eels
CN104365514B (en) * 2014-10-30 2017-06-13 陈宏� A kind of eel industrial aquaculture system
CN106577461A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 惠州市惠泽源实业有限公司 System for purifying the bottom of eel culture pond
CN106577461B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-12-27 惠州市惠泽源实业有限公司 Eel culture pond bottom of pool clean system
CN108575834A (en) * 2018-04-11 2018-09-28 集美大学 A kind of method handling surface water and the method for preventing sea eel ich

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150408

Termination date: 20151030

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model