CN204143281U - Distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system - Google Patents

Distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204143281U
CN204143281U CN201420205995.0U CN201420205995U CN204143281U CN 204143281 U CN204143281 U CN 204143281U CN 201420205995 U CN201420205995 U CN 201420205995U CN 204143281 U CN204143281 U CN 204143281U
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Prior art keywords
distribution substation
dog
watch
acquisition module
information
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CN201420205995.0U
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Inventor
蔡卫东
邱辉
高峰
沈勇
沈元兴
朱刚
张勇
陶燕
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SHANGHAI JADER ELECTRIC POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
State Grid Shanghai Municipal Electric Power Co
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SHANGHAI JADER ELECTRIC POWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
State Grid Shanghai Municipal Electric Power Co
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system, and this system comprises: distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, and Real-time Collection also uploads distribution substation environment information; Watch-dog, its communication connects distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, real-time reception distribution substation environment information; Remote communication module, its circuit connects distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, and connects described watch-dog by network service, for the telecommunication between distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module and watch-dog.The utility model can management for environment monitor information in Real-time Collection distribution substation, and by wired or wireless network transmission to watch-dog, realize remote monitoring, the multiple distribution substations be convenient to being distributed in zones of different position are monitored.

Description

Distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of distribution substation monitoring system, is specifically related to a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system based on radio network technique.
Background technology
Along with socioeconomic development, the quantity of distribution substation is on the increase, and its geographic position more and more disperses, and this gives periodically to make an inspection tour and brings certain difficulty.Not only there is a lot of problem in the maintenance of distribution substation, and the anxiety of urban land, residential block modernization skyscraper emerge in multitude, and cause increasing distribution substation to build moist underground in, the quality of running environment directly has influence on the normal operation of electrical equipment.
Distribution substation is as electrical network end, and geographic position disperses, and electric pressure is lower, is generally unmanned, and undertaking is directly the task of the direct transmission of electric energy of one's respective area user.By the investigation to multiple distribution substation, finding that its One's name is legion, running environment are complicated, is there is the maximum part of potential safety hazard in electrical network: along with residential block transformer station quantity constantly increases, and periodically tour burden is more and more heavier; Some substation operation bad environments, under extreme meteorological condition, it is unfavorable to run power supply reliability and electrical equipment itself; The high temperature in summer, humidity can affect primary equipment insulation, opertaing device operation and measuring apparatus precision; Also there is the excessive and foggara of rainwater and to break the leakage hidden trouble formed in the transformer station of underground; Be positioned at underground substation Chang Yin to draw badly and cause oxygen content not enough; Ring main unit and SF6 gas are to making an inspection tour and the security threat etc. of maintainer.
In distribution substation, the safety and stability of electrical equipment is directly connected to the reliability service of power distribution network, in order to ensure the normal operation of electrical equipment, prevention electric power accident, obtains the auxiliary environment data such as distribution substation temperature, humidity, water logging most important for electrical equipment safe operation in time.In addition, because dispersion is compared in distribution substation geographic position, and do not build up special data transmission channel, therefore on the basis achieving monitoring function, also will solve the Communication of each station Monitoring Data.In the selection of communication modes, the early investment of erection special line is comparatively large, and optical fiber communication construction cost is high, and stability, the reliability of power line carrier system are poor.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system, achieves collection and the Long-range Data Transmission of distribution substation environmental data, easy to use, all the time online, rate reasonable, ensures power grid security and power supply reliability.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system, and be characterized in, this system comprises:
Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, Real-time Collection also uploads distribution substation environment information;
Watch-dog, its communication connects distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, real-time reception distribution substation environment information;
Remote communication module, its circuit connects distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, and connects described watch-dog by network service, for the telecommunication between distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module and watch-dog.
Above-mentioned distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module comprises:
Humiture collection device, gathers and uploads humiture information in distribution substation;
Water sensor, has ponding and alarm in detection distribution substation and uploads ponding information;
Point-type sense cigarette device, has fire and alarm in detection distribution substation and uploads fire information;
Auxiliary monitoring measure and control device, its inlet circuit connects humiture collection device, water sensor and point-type sense cigarette device, watch-dog is connected by remote communication module communication, auxiliary monitoring measure and control device receives humiture information, ponding information and fire information in distribution substation, be uploaded to watch-dog by remote communication module, and receive the control signal of watch-dog feedback;
Air-conditioner controller, its inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device, controls air-conditioning and regulates temperature in distribution substation;
Controller of fan, its inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device, controls blower fan and regulates distribution substation humidity.
Above-mentioned remote communication module adopts GPRS or CDMA data transmission unit.
Above-mentioned remote communication module is passed through the Internet or GPRS network or cdma network and is communicated to connect watch-dog.
Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module gathers the distribution substation management for environment monitor information in distribution substation, adopts remote communication module to be uploaded to watch-dog by wired or wireless network; Watch-dog real-time reception distribution substation management for environment monitor information, and sending controling instruction is to distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module, to regulate distribution substation environment.
The utility model distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system and control method thereof are compared with the distribution substation monitoring technique of prior art, its advantage is, the utility model can management for environment monitor information in Real-time Collection distribution substation, and by wired or wireless network transmission to watch-dog, realize remote monitoring, the multiple distribution substations be convenient to being distributed in zones of different position are monitored;
The utility model auxiliary monitoring measure and control device is provided with threshold value, and when in detection gained distribution substation, humiture information exceedes threshold value, then auxiliary monitoring measure and control device assigns steering order voluntarily to control blower fan and air-conditioning to regulate the temperature value environment in distribution substation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the system diagram of the utility model distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, further illustrate specific embodiment of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model discloses a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system, this system comprises: distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3, and circuit connects the remote communication module 2 of distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3, is connected the watch-dog 1 of remote communication module 2 by network 4.
Remote communication module 2 adopts GPRS or CDMA data transmission unit (GPRS/CDMA DTU), and connect watch-dog 1 by wired or wireless network service, concrete cable network can adopt the Internet, and wireless network can adopt GPRS network or cdma network.Remote communication module 2 receives the information that distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 is uploaded, then delivers to watch-dog 1 by network with TCP/IP host-host protocol, realizes the telecommunication between distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 and watch-dog 1.The utility model adopts GPRS/CDMA communication to utilize existing network, has the features such as easy to use, online, rate are reasonable all the time, effectively prevent the high and stability problem of cable network cost.
Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 is for Real-time Collection and upload distribution substation environment information.Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 comprises: the auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 of communication connection remote communication module 2, circuit of output terminal connects humiture collection device 7, water sensor 10, the point-type sense cigarette device 11 of auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5, and inlet circuit connects air-conditioner controller 8 and the controller of fan 9 of auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5.
Humiture collection device 7 Real-time Collection also uploads humiture information in distribution substation.In order to control indoor temperature and humidity, the upper limit that auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 arranges the upper limit of the threshold value of humiture or humiture collection device 7 set temperature, lower limit and humidity can be set in, the namely alarm set point of humiture.When occurring that too high or too low for temperature, humidity is too high, carry out Realtime Alerts, and auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 starts air-conditioning and blower fan.Temperature and humidity numerical value is sent to Surveillance center 1 by the Internet or GPRS/CDMA network timing, by the Internet or GPRS/CDMA network, warning message is sent to Surveillance center 1 in real time when there is temperature or humidity alarm signal.
There are ponding and alarm in water sensor 10 real-time detection distribution substation and upload ponding information.It is arranged in the cable duct of distribution substation, when run in cable duct have ponding problem time, send alerting signal, time of fire alarming and ponding point are sent to Surveillance center 1 by when the Internet or GPRS/CDMA network implementation.Water sensor 10 selects point type water sensor, hermetically sealed waterproof construction, and stainless steel double-needle probe detects Height Adjustable, and the relay contact signal exported by it, can realize the control of remote alarms and remote equipment.
Point-type sense cigarette device 11 is for having fire and alarm and uploading fire information in real-time detection distribution substation.When changed into switchhouse breaking out of fire, point-type sense cigarette device 11 and/or auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 can send sound and light alarm signal instant alarming, auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 controls to close blower fan and air-conditioning simultaneously, and forbid blower fan and starting of air conditioner, time of fire alarming is sent to Surveillance center 1 by when the Internet or GPRS/CDMA network implementation.
Auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 inlet circuit connects described humiture collection device 7, water sensor 10 and point-type sense cigarette device 11, watch-dog 1 is connected by remote communication module 2 communication, auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 receives humiture information in distribution substation, ponding information and fire information, be uploaded to watch-dog 1 by remote communication module 2, and receive the control signal of watch-dog 1 feedback.
Air-conditioner controller 8 inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5, receives the control signal of the watch-dog 1 that auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 sends, can carry out long-range to air-conditioning or automatically control, control air-conditioning and regulate temperature in distribution substation.Setting-up time point self-timing can be completed without the need to personnel to scene and open and close air-conditioning, air conditioner refrigerating is opened and closed automatically according to temperature, humidity set, the running status of Real-Time Monitoring air-conditioning, realize heating, dehumidify, temperature adjustment, the various regulatory function such as air blowing control.When equipment breaks down, take fault coordinated signals, carry out Realtime Alerts, notify that maintainer keeps in repair in time.Air-conditioning opening and closing state and time are by being sent to Surveillance center 1 during network implementation.
Controller of fan 9 inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5), receive the control signal of the watch-dog 1 that auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 sends, can carry out long-range to blower fan or automatically control, control blower fan and distribution substation humidity is regulated.Start and stop blower fan is got final product to on-the-spot without the need to personnel; Blower fan can be opened and closed by setting-up time point self-timing; Can open and close automatically blower fan according to humidity set, blower fan opening and closing state and time are by being sent to Surveillance center 1 during network implementation.
The workflow of a kind of distribution substation ambient intelligence of the utility model supervisory system comprises following steps:
Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 gathers the distribution substation management for environment monitor information in distribution substation, adopts remote communication module 2 to be uploaded to watch-dog 1 by wired or wireless network; Watch-dog 1 real-time reception distribution substation management for environment monitor information, and sending controling instruction is to distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3, to regulate distribution substation environment.
Wherein, Threshold of Temperature And Humidity can also be provided with in distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3, when in the distribution substation that auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 receives humiture collection device 7 collection, humiture information exceedes this threshold value, namely auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 sends steering order to air-conditioner controller 8 and controller of fan 9, to control air-conditioning and/or blower fan start and stop, regulate humiture environment in distribution substation.Meanwhile, the upper limit of the upper limit of humiture collection device 7 set temperature, lower limit and humidity, the namely alarm set point of humiture.When occurring that too high or too low for temperature, humidity is too high, carry out Realtime Alerts.
Whether distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 also has ponding in real-time detection distribution substation, if detection has obtained ponding, then and auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 and/or water sensor 10 audible and visual alarm, and upload ponding information and carry out remote alarm to watch-dog.
Whether distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module 3 also has fire in real-time detection distribution substation, if detection has obtained fire, then and auxiliary monitoring measure and control device 5 and/or point-type sense cigarette device 11 audible and visual alarm, and upload fire information and carry out remote alarm to watch-dog.
Although content of the present utility model has done detailed introduction by above preferred embodiment, will be appreciated that above-mentioned description should not be considered to restriction of the present utility model.After those skilled in the art have read foregoing, for multiple amendment of the present utility model and substitute will be all apparent.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be limited to the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. a distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system, is characterized in that, this system comprises:
Distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module (3), Real-time Collection also uploads distribution substation environment information;
Watch-dog (1), its communication connects described distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module (3), real-time reception distribution substation environment information;
Remote communication module (2), its circuit connects distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module (3), and connects described watch-dog (1) by network service, for the telecommunication between distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module (3) and watch-dog (1).
2. distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described distribution substation environmental monitoring acquisition module (3) comprises:
Humiture collection device (7), gathers and uploads humiture information in distribution substation;
Water sensor (10), has ponding and alarm in detection distribution substation and uploads ponding information;
Point-type sense cigarette device (11), has fire and alarm in detection distribution substation and uploads fire information;
Auxiliary monitoring measure and control device (5), its inlet circuit connects described humiture collection device (7), water sensor (10) and point-type sense cigarette device (11), watch-dog (1) is connected by remote communication module (2) communication, auxiliary monitoring measure and control device (5) receives humiture information, ponding information and fire information in distribution substation, be uploaded to watch-dog (1) by remote communication module (2), and receive the control signal that watch-dog (1) feeds back;
Air-conditioner controller (8), its inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device (5), controls air-conditioning and regulates temperature in distribution substation;
Controller of fan (9), its inlet circuit connects auxiliary monitoring measure and control device (5), controls blower fan and regulates distribution substation humidity.
3. distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described remote communication module (2) adopts GPRS or CDMA data transmission unit.
4. distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described remote communication module (2) is by the Internet or GPRS network or cdma network communication connection watch-dog (1).
CN201420205995.0U 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Distribution substation ambient intelligence supervisory system Active CN204143281U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105137935A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-09 浙江理工大学 Enterprise grade distribution network remote monitoring system based on Ethernet and monitoring method
CN106292795A (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-01-04 武汉理工大学 A kind of environment managing device in the distribution box of electrical system
CN109990836A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-09 浙江宁远塔桅制造有限公司 The micro- station of intelligent integrated and its working method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106292795A (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-01-04 武汉理工大学 A kind of environment managing device in the distribution box of electrical system
CN105137935A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-12-09 浙江理工大学 Enterprise grade distribution network remote monitoring system based on Ethernet and monitoring method
CN109990836A (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-07-09 浙江宁远塔桅制造有限公司 The micro- station of intelligent integrated and its working method

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