CN102063116B - Building information total management system and method - Google Patents

Building information total management system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102063116B
CN102063116B CN201110034138A CN201110034138A CN102063116B CN 102063116 B CN102063116 B CN 102063116B CN 201110034138 A CN201110034138 A CN 201110034138A CN 201110034138 A CN201110034138 A CN 201110034138A CN 102063116 B CN102063116 B CN 102063116B
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monitoring
unit
core processing
processing unit
information
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CN201110034138A
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CN102063116A (en
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孔金学
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海南义利达高新技术实业有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a building information total management system and method. The system comprises a fire control linkage monitoring unit, a public infrastructure monitoring unit, a security monitoring unit, a water and gas leakage monitoring unit, an environment quality monitoring unit, a management controlling unit, a core processing unit and an alarm managing unit, wherein the fire control linkage monitoring unit is used for obtaining smoke and fire detection information; the public infrastructure monitoring unit is used for obtaining working state information of public infrastructures; the security monitoring unit is used for obtaining monitoring data of security monitoring equipment; the water and gas leakage monitoring unit is used for obtaining detection information for representing water/gas leakage of water/gas supply equipment; the environment quality monitoring unit is used for obtaining environment quality detection information; the management monitoring unit is used for receiving a control command of a user and sending the control command to the core processing unit; the core processing unit is used for forwarding the detection information of the monitoring/detection unit and alarm information to the management monitoring unit and forwarding the control command of the management controlling unit to an appointed monitoring/detecting unit to control corresponding building equipment to operate; and the alarm managing unit is used for selecting an alarm mode according to the event grade of the alarm information.

Description

Building information comprehensive management system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to electronic information technical field, relate in particular to a kind of can be integrated the monitoring of building fire-fighting link, building safety take precautions against multiple functions such as monitoring (comprising video monitoring, gate inhibition and parking lot monitoring), the monitoring of building public infrastructure, the monitoring of building environmental quality, the monitoring of building voice communication, building monitor cable, the monitoring of building background music in the building information comprehensive management system and method for one.
Background technology
Traditional building information management system and method only can realize building network monitoring, supply one or more functions in the functions such as distribution monitor, plumbing monitoring, air conditioning monitoring, heat supply monitoring, illumination monitoring and elevator monitoring, can not utilize mobile device such as mobile phone that the state of building environment is monitored in real time; Do not insert GPRS and 3G cordless communication network, do not possess GPRS and 3G communication function; Do not possess the fire-fighting link monitoring function; Do not possess the safety precaution function; Do not possess and leak and the monitoring function of principal fault; Do not possess the voice communication monitoring function; Do not possess the monitor cable function; Do not possess the background music monitoring function.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that (one) will solve
The technical matters that the present invention will solve is how to combine the monitoring of building fire-fighting link, building safety to take precautions against multiple functions such as monitoring (comprising video monitoring, gate inhibition and parking lot monitoring), the monitoring of building public infrastructure, the monitoring of building environmental quality, the monitoring of building voice communication, building monitor cable, the monitoring of building background music in one.
(2) technical scheme
For solving the problems of the technologies described above; Technical scheme of the present invention provides a kind of building information comprehensive management system, and this system comprises: management control unit, core processing unit, communication unit, data storage cell, the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, common base monitoring of tools unit and alarming and managing unit; Wherein,
Said management control unit is connected with said core processing unit through said communication unit, is used for receiving management personnel's steering order and sends to said core processing unit;
Said core processing unit receives detection information and/or monitor data and/or the warning message that each monitoring unit sends, and sends to management control unit as required; And, receive steering order that said management control unit sends and the monitoring unit that is transmitted to appointment;
The said monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain characterize and supply water in the building and steam line leaks or the detection information of gas leak phenomenon; And respond said detection information to said core processing unit transmission warning message, close corresponding fault valve simultaneously;
Said fire-fighting link monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used to obtain the detection information of pyrotechnics pick-up unit, and sends alerting signal according to said detection information to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding fire fighting equipment according to said steering order;
Said safety monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used to obtain the monitor data of safety monitoring equipment and sends to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding security protection equipment according to said steering order;
Said common base monitoring of tools unit is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain the detection information that characterizes the common base equipment working state; Generate warning message according to said detection information, and said warning message and/or detection information are sent to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding common base equipment according to said steering order;
Said environmental quality monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain the detection information of temperature, Humidity regulating equipment and air quality conditioning equipment in the building; Generate warning message according to said detection information, and said warning message and/or detection information are sent to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding temperature, humidity and air quality conditioning equipment according to said steering order;
Said alarming and managing unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used for the rank selection type of alarm generation alerting signal according to the alert event of said warning message, and offers managerial personnel.
Preferably, said common base monitoring of tools unit further comprises:
Supply the distribution monitor subelement; Be connected with power supplying and distributing equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Be used to obtain voltage, the current sampling data of said power supplying and distributing equipment; Generate warning message according to said sampled data, and said sampled data is sent to said core processing unit with said warning message; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding power supplying and distributing equipment according to said steering order;
Plumbing monitoring subelement; Be connected with plumbing equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the sample information of the water level that characterizes said plumbing equipment, hydraulic pressure, flow by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said sample information and said warning message are sent to said core processing unit together; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding plumbing equipment according to said steering order; And,
The illumination monitoring subelement; Be connected with building lighting equipment and monitoring device thereof; Obtain the sample information that characterizes the light fixture duty by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said warning message and/or said sample information are sent to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding lighting installation according to said steering order;
The elevator monitoring subelement; Be connected with lift facility and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the sample information that characterizes said elevator operation by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said warning message and/or said sample information are sent to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding lift facility according to said steering order.
Preferably, said environmental quality monitoring unit further comprises:
The air conditioning monitoring subelement; Be connected with air-conditioning equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the parameter that characterizes the operation of air conditioner situation by said monitoring device, generate warning message, and said warning message and/or said parameter are sent to said core processing unit according to said parameter; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding air-conditioning equipment according to said steering order, with remote on-off or modification air-conditioning parameter is set;
Heating monitoring subelement; Be connected with heating boiler equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the on-site parameters that characterizes boiler operating state by said monitoring device, generate warning message, and said warning message and/or said parameter are sent to said core processing unit according to said parameter; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding air-conditioning equipment according to said steering order, with remote on-off or modification boiler parameter is set;
New wind and air draft monitoring subelement are connected with outlet and inlet damper control in the building; Respond the steering order that said core processing unit sends, send to said outlet and inlet air door and open and/or the closing control signal.
Preferably; Said system also comprises: sound video device monitoring unit; Be connected with speech communication equipment and video equipment in said core processing unit, the building, be used to obtain the detection information of said speech communication equipment and video equipment duty, and send it to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to relevant voice communication apparatus and video equipment according to said steering order;
Radio unit; Said radio unit is connected with said core processing unit and the interior audio-frequence player device of building, is used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and controls said audio-frequence player device according to said steering order and play corresponding audio-frequency information; And,
Data storage cell; Said data storage cell is connected with said core processing unit, is used to store warning message and/or detection information and/or the data that said core processing unit is obtained by each monitoring and/or monitoring means place.
Preferably, said management control unit is a server, and said communication unit is a network communication module; With and/or, said management control unit is a mobile phone, and said communication unit is GPRS and/or 3G communication module.
Technical scheme of the present invention also provides the management method of above-mentioned building information comprehensive management system, and this method may further comprise the steps:
S1: long-range/local instruction of management control unit receiving management personnel, and be transmitted to core processing unit;
S2: core processing unit is judged the type of said instruction; One or more transmissions in the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit detect information/monitoring data collection instruction, turn to S3; Or the transmitting apparatus operational order turns to S6;
S3: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and the said acquisition instructions of common base monitoring of tools cell response, obtain the gas leakage detection information of leaking, building fire-fighting detection information, safety monitoring information, environmental quality detection information and common base equipment running status information and send to core processing unit;
S4: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit leak according to the information of gathering, and gas leakage is judged, hidden fire-fighting danger is judged, security protection hidden danger is judged, the environmental quality suitability degree is judged and the common base equipment failure is judged; Generate warning message and send to core processing unit according to said judged result;
S5: core processing unit is selected type of alarm according to the rank of the alert event in the said warning message, generates alerting signal, and sends to management control unit, offers managerial personnel with long-range/local mode, returns S1;
S6: fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit or common base monitoring of tools unit generate control signal according to said operation of equipment instruction, with control building fire fighting equipment, security protection equipment, environmental quality conditioning equipment and common base device motion.
Preferably; Among the step S2, said operation of equipment instruction comprises: gate inhibition's steering order, temperature/humidity regulation instruction, new wind/exhaust system open command, light fixture sequential control and/or light intensity, illumination regulating command and building periphery garden pouring steering order.
Preferably, among the step S3, said building fire-fighting detection information comprises that pyrotechnics detects information; Said safety monitoring information comprises building gate inhibition information, video monitoring data, parking lot management data; Said environmental quality detection information comprises temperature information, humidity information and harmful gas concentration information; Said common base equipment running status information comprises: power-supply unit status information, plumbing equipment status information, light fixture status information, sound video device status information and elevator operation information.
Preferably, step S4 also comprises: when the gas leakage accident is leaked in the judgment result displays existence, close related valve when the said monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas generates warning message automatically.
Preferably, step S5 also comprises: when the alert event rank reaches preset threshold value, transmit control signal to the building audio-frequence player device, background music is switched to urgent broadcasts such as accident, fire alarm evacuation, rescue, commander.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, has following advantage according to building information comprehensive management system of the present invention and method thereof: realized the integrated comprehensive management that building automatic controls, fire-fighting link, safety precaution, communication system and background music are play; Can realize the remote monitoring of building system and monitoring in real time; Can realize the remote monitoring of building system and monitoring in real time, to improve the energy-saving efficiency of building system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of building information comprehensive management of the present invention system;
Fig. 2 is the process flow diagram of building information comprehensive management method of the present invention.
Embodiment
Building information comprehensive management system and method thereof that the present invention proposes are explained as follows in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, mainly comprise according to building information comprehensive management of the present invention system: management control unit, core processing unit, communication unit, the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, common base monitoring of tools unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and alarming and managing unit.Further, it can also comprise: data storage cell, sound video device monitoring unit and radio unit.
Core processing unit of the present invention is the core apparatus of building information comprehensive management of the present invention system; It possesses data transmit-receive and memory function: be connected with above-mentioned each monitoring unit through LAN; Receive that each monitoring unit sends with building inside and outside security protection state, building in (for example leak gas leakage situation, building public infrastructure duty in the security against fire, building; Heating, power supply, water supply, air feed, illumination, elevator operation etc.), the building environmental quality (for example; Temperature, humidity, harmful gas concentration etc.), detection information and/or data and/or warning message that building sound video device (for example communication apparatus and/or CATV etc.) duty is relevant, and will need canned data and data to send to management control unit; And, to the monitoring and/or the monitoring means sending controling instruction of appointment, with relevant device action inside and outside the control building.
Management control unit of the present invention is connected with core processing unit through communication unit, accepts various data messages, record and failure message that core processing unit sends, and appears for managerial personnel through the mode of literal, image, video; And, the alerting signal of forms such as acousto-optic, the page is provided, so that managerial personnel monitor the running status of ambient condition, safe condition and all building equipments and the facility of building system in real time for managerial personnel.Simultaneously, management control unit can also be accepted managerial personnel's steering order, and through communication unit these steering orders is sent to core processing unit equally.In the practical implementation process, management control unit of the present invention can be for being arranged at the server of Surveillance center; Replacedly, management control unit of the present invention can also be various portable mobile apparatus, for example; Mobile phone; Make managerial personnel can realize the mobile office of monitoring, monitor the ambient condition and the safe condition of building system whenever and wherever possible, and in time receive fault alarm information while patrolling; Obtain abort situation accurately, increase work efficiency.In addition, the monitor supervision platform of server or mobile phone can store lead, signal wire connection layout and the installation site of each system of building light current, and corresponding inquiry and the function of browse of providing, and makes things convenient for inquiry and the maintenance of user to whole building numerical data.
Communication unit of the present invention is used to realize communicating by letter between management control unit and the core processing unit.Wherein, when management control unit was server, this communication unit was a network communication module; When management control unit was portable mobile apparatus, this communication unit was GPRS or 3G communication module.
The monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas of the present invention exercises supervision to the water supply of building and the security situation of steam line, as water or rock gas/gas leakage take place, then in time reports to the police to core processing unit.Particularly; This unit is connected with the monitoring device that leaks and leak gas of setting in the building; Obtain to characterize and supply water in the building and steam line leaks or the detection information of gas leak phenomenon (comprise leak or leak gas location position information); And respond and should detection information send warning message to said core processing unit, close corresponding fault valve simultaneously.Wherein, the monitoring device that leaks and leak gas can be leakage sensor and harmful gas sensor.
Fire-fighting link monitoring unit of the present invention is connected with pyrotechnics pick-up unit, lightning protection device and the fire fighting equipment of setting in core processing unit, the building; Be used to obtain the detection information of pyrotechnics pick-up unit and lightning protection device, and send alerting signal to core processing unit according to detection information; And, be used to receive the steering order of core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding fire fighting equipment according to steering order.Wherein, the pyrotechnics monitoring device can be for being arranged at the pyrotechnics sensor at diverse location place in the buildings, the fire-fighting link monitoring unit to the pyrotechnics sensor to information confirm that the back generates warning message, sends to core processing unit with warning message simultaneously.At this moment, core processing unit will respond this warning message, return steering order; The fire-fighting link monitoring unit transmits control signal to control its action to corresponding fire fighting equipment according to this steering order, for example, closes air-conditioning automatically, and the opened smoke-discharging device starts firemen's lift etc.Preferably, after receiving warning message, core processing unit also will be evacuated the crowd so that radio unit is play urgent broadcast to the radio unit sending controling instruction.
Safety monitoring of the present invention unit is connected with core processing unit, inside and outside safety monitoring equipment and the security protection equipment that is provided with of building, is used to obtain the monitor data of safety monitoring equipment, and monitor data is sent to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding security protection equipment according to steering order, realize gate inhibition's safety management, vehicle room entry/exit management, toll administration, theft management etc. thus.Wherein, safety monitoring equipment comprises: equipment such as entrance guard device (for example, fingerprint instrument, ID reader etc.), video monitoring apparatus (for example, camera), infrared supervising device; Monitor data comprises: gate inhibition's information, video monitoring data, parking lot management data etc.; Security protection equipment comprises: sub-district security door, cell unit security door, the current device in gateway, parking lot, warning device etc.Core processing unit can comprise to the steering order that security protection equipment sends through the safety monitoring unit: gate inhibition's blockade and warning when transfiniting, a plurality of security couplet on the door move, the parking lot goes out, goes into to forbid etc.The surrounding enviroment to building are realized, the charge and the safety management in personnel's turnover and parking lot through the monitor data and the control security protection equipment corresponding actions of gathering above-mentioned watch-dog in the safety monitoring unit.
Common base monitoring of tools of the present invention unit is connected with core processing unit, building common base equipment and monitoring device thereof; Be used to obtain detection information and/or the data that characterize building common base equipment working state; Generate warning message according to this detection information and/or data; Warning message and/or detection information and/or data are sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding common base equipment according to steering order.Wherein, building common base equipment comprises: elevator, power-supply unit, water supply line, steam line, drainage pipeline, light fixture, garden watering appliance etc.
In the practical implementation process, the monitoring of power supplying and distributing equipment is by supplying the distribution monitor subelement to realize that with voltage, electric current, the power rating to building system, and the information such as power supply situation of equipment are monitored in the building.This subelement is connected with interior power supplying and distributing equipment and the power supplying and distributing equipment monitoring device of building.Wherein, power supplying and distributing equipment comprises high and low pressure distribution system, generator, UPS main frame and battery etc.; The power supplying and distributing equipment monitoring device comprises various voltages, current sensor and mutual inductor; What monitor the subelement collection is the sample information of these monitoring devices.When sample information shows the power-supply unit abnormal state (for example; The generator oil level is unusual, power supply-distribution system transfinites, tripping operation etc.); Supply the distribution monitor subelement will generate warning message automatically; Sample information and warning message are sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit.Simultaneously, supply the distribution monitor subelement to transmit control signal to power supplying and distributing equipment according to the steering order that core processing unit sends.
In the practical implementation process, the monitoring of plumbing equipment is realized by plumbing monitoring subelement in the building.This subelement is connected with interior plumbing equipment (inlet channel, drainage pipeline) and the plumbing monitoring device of building.Wherein, the plumbing monitoring device comprises various water levels, hydraulic pressure, flow sensor; What the subelement collection was monitored in plumbing is the sample information of these monitoring devices.When sample information is shown to, draining is unusual (for example; Water level, hydraulic pressure, Traffic Anomaly) time; Plumbing monitoring subelement will generate warning message automatically, these sample information and warning message sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit.Simultaneously, the steering order that can also send according to core processing unit of plumbing monitoring subelement to give, drainage equipment transmits control signal.
In the practical implementation process, the monitoring of building intraoral illumination equipment is realized by the illumination monitoring subelement.(for example: the light fixture sub-district Landscape Lighting) and illumination monitoring device are connected for this subelement interior with building (comprising the public domain illumination) or building periphery.Wherein, the illumination monitoring device comprises: various voltages, current sensor, mutual inductor and illuminance sensor.The collection of illumination monitoring subelement be the sample information of these sensors.When the sample information display lighting is unusual; The illumination monitoring subelement will generate warning message (warning message will comprise the position of the light fixture that breaks down) automatically; These sample information and warning message are sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit.Simultaneously; The illumination monitoring subelement can also transmit control signal to light fixture according to the steering order that core processing unit sends; Corresponding lighting installation is carried out sequential control and/or light intensity, illumination adjusting, realize time control, administration of energy conservation and the Long-distance Control etc. of light thus.
In the practical implementation process, the monitoring of lift facility is realized by the elevator monitoring subelement in the building, with monitoring and the management to the building elevator running status, and takes place in time to report to the police when unusual at elevator.This subelement is connected with lift facility and elevator monitoring device, with the running status of monitoring elevator, transmits operation information at any time, the floor of demonstration elevator, start and stop etc.Wherein, the elevator monitoring device comprises: voltage, current sensor and mutual inductor.The collection of elevator monitoring subelement be the sample information of these sensors.When sample information shows elevator faults, the elevator monitoring subelement will generate warning message automatically, these sample information and warning message sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit.Simultaneously, the elevator monitoring subelement can also transmit control signal to lift facility according to the steering order that core processing unit sends.
In the practical implementation process, the monitoring of garden watering appliance is realized by garden pouring control sub unit in the building.Pouring control sub unit in garden is connected with core processing unit, and according to the steering order that core processing unit is sent here, watering appliance transmits control signal to building periphery garden, to realize the pouring control to building periphery garden flowers and plants.
Environmental quality monitoring unit of the present invention is used to realize the monitoring to environmental qualities such as temperature, humidity and air quality in the building.This unit further comprises air conditioning monitoring subelement, heating monitoring subelement and new wind and air draft monitoring subelement, respectively with building in environmental quality conditioning equipment such as air-conditioning system, boiler plant, new wind and exhaust system and monitoring device thereof be connected.Wherein, monitoring device comprises temperature sensor, humidity sensor and gaseous mass sensor (being used to measure the concentration of harmful gases such as building carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and formaldehyde) etc.The collection of environmental quality monitoring unit be the sample information of these sensors, to keep watch on the ruuning situation and the various on-site parameters of boiler, keep watch on the operational factor of operation of air conditioner situation and each parts etc., or keep watch on air quality in the building.When sample information (for example shows air-conditioning equipment or heating equipment operation exception; Temperature drift/low, humidity be higher/low) or air quality unusual (for example; Harmful gas concentration exceeds health standard limit etc.) time; The environmental quality monitoring unit will generate warning message automatically, these sample information and warning message sent to core processing unit, and be transmitted to management control unit by core processing unit.Simultaneously; Environmental quality monitoring subelement can also transmit control signal to air-conditioning and boiler plant according to the steering order that core processing unit sends; So that corresponding air-conditioning and heating equipment are carried out remote on-off, revise operations such as parameter is set, to regulate air temperature, humidity; Or, open new wind, exhaust system, control outlet and inlet air door gets into fresh air, reduces the concentration of building harmful gas, to regulate the building air quality.
Building information comprehensive management of the present invention system also further comprises the alarming and managing unit, will obtain the warning message that core processing unit receives by being connected with core processing unit, according to the alert event rank different type of alarms is provided.Wherein, local type of alarm comprises page warning (that is: through reporting to the police as the server of management control unit or the display screen display message of portable terminal), sound and light alarm; The remote alarms mode comprises SMS alarm, telephone call etc.
In addition, the present invention can also possess sound video device monitoring unit.Said sound video device monitoring unit further comprises voice communication monitoring subelement and monitor cable subelement, is respectively applied for monitoring and the management of realization to speech communication equipment and cable television appliances in the building.
Particularly, sound communication monitoring subelement is used to realize the management of voice communication systems such as telephonic communication, speech talkback in the building.It obtains the detection information of sign voice communication equipment working state and the steering order that core processing unit sends; Detection information is sent to core processing unit; And the steering order of sending according to core processing unit transmits control signal to voice communication equipment.
Particularly, the monitor cable subelement is used to realize the monitoring and the management of cable television system in the building; It obtains the monitoring information of sign cable television appliances duty and the steering order that core processing unit sends; Detection information is sent to core processing unit; And the steering order of sending according to core processing unit transmits control signal to cable television appliances.
Data storage cell of the present invention is connected with core processing unit, is used to store all steering order information, failure message, the warning message of building information comprehensive management system, detection, monitoring information.
The present invention can also possess radio unit.Said radio unit can be separately for building provide background music or broadcast message that some are necessary, and can link to each other the function of realization playing network music through core processing unit and aforementioned network communication module or GPRS and 3G communication module.Under the daily state, radio unit is play common background music or estate management notice etc.; In particular cases; For example; When radio unit knows that according to the instruction of core processing unit transmission fire or Other Dangers situation take place; Can background music be switched to urgent broadcasts such as accident, fire alarm evacuation, rescue, commander through transmitting control signal, evacuate, guarantee personal security with notice and commanding to audio-frequence player device.
As shown in Figure 2, building information comprehensive management method according to the present invention mainly may further comprise the steps S1-S6:
S1: long-range/local instruction of management control unit receiving management personnel, and be transmitted to core processing unit;
Particularly, managerial personnel can login management and monitoring server or the mobile terminal monitored platform in the aforementioned building information comprehensive management system, send instruction with wired or 3G communication mode.
S2: core processing unit is judged the type of said instruction; One or more transmissions in the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit detect information/monitoring data collection instruction, turn to S3; Or the transmitting apparatus operational order turns to S6;
After core processing unit receives managerial personnel's instruction; The decision instruction type; Send acquisition instructions to each monitoring unit, detect information, safety monitoring information to obtain the building fire-fighting, the gas leakage detection information of leaking, environmental quality detects information and common base equipment running status information; Or, to each monitoring unit transmitting apparatus operational order, carry out corresponding operating with fire fighting equipment, security facilities, environmental quality conditioning equipment and common base equipment in the control building.
Particularly, said operation of equipment instruction comprises: gate inhibition's steering order, temperature/humidity regulation instruction, new wind/exhaust system open command, light fixture sequential control and/or light intensity, illumination regulating command and building periphery garden pouring steering order etc.
S3: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and the said acquisition instructions of common base monitoring of tools cell response, obtain the gas leakage detection information of leaking, building fire-fighting detection information, safety monitoring information, environmental quality detection information and common base equipment running status information and send to core processing unit;
As previously mentioned, fire-fighting detection information comprises: the pyrotechnics that is obtained by the pyrotechnics pick-up unit detects information, and the intensity of lightning information of being obtained by lightning protection device.
Safety monitoring information comprises: gate inhibition's information of being obtained by equipment such as entrance guard device (for example, fingerprint instrument, ID reader etc.), video monitoring apparatus (for example, camera), infrared supervising devices, video monitoring data, parking lot management data etc.
The gas leakage detection information of leaking comprises: the detection information of tap water or rock gas/gas leakage emergency circumstance has taken place in the sign of being obtained by leakage sensor and harmful gas sensor.
Common base equipment running status information comprises: voltage, electric current, the power rating of the building system that is obtained by various voltages, current sensor and mutual inductor, and the information such as power supply situation of equipment; Water level, hydraulic pressure, the flow detection information of the plumbing equipment of obtaining by various water levels, hydraulic pressure, flow sensor; (comprise the public domain illumination) in the building that obtain by various voltages, current sensor, mutual inductor and illuminance sensor or the building periphery (for example: the sequential of the light fixture sub-district Landscape Lighting), light intensity, illuminance information; Status detection information such as the floor of the sign elevator that obtains by voltage, current sensor and mutual inductor, start and stop.
Environmental quality detection information comprises: the sign air-conditioning system of being obtained by temperature sensor, humidity sensor and the detection information of boiler heating system operational factor, and the detection information of the concentration of the harmful gases such as sign building carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and formaldehyde that obtained by the gaseous mass sensor.
S4: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit leak according to the information of gathering, and gas leakage is judged, hidden fire-fighting danger is judged, security protection hidden danger is judged, the environmental quality suitability degree is judged and the common base equipment failure is judged; Generate warning message and send to core processing unit according to said judged result;
Particularly, as previously mentioned, when detecting pyrotechnics information, judge to have hidden fire-fighting danger; When detecting disabled user's desire discrepancy gate inhibition or parking lot, judge to have security protection hidden danger; When leaking, when leakage sensor detects information, judging and leak and/or gas leak phenomenon; When air quality is undesirable, judge that air quality is unusual; When the electric current of power supply-distribution system, when voltage exceeds settings, judge to exist overload, overcurrent, short circuit etc. to supply distribution fault.
Preferably, when the gas leakage accident is leaked in the judgment result displays existence, when generating warning message, the said monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas closes related valve automatically.
S5: core processing unit is selected type of alarm according to the rank of the alert event in the said warning message, generates alerting signal, and sends to management control unit, offers managerial personnel with long-range/local mode, returns S1;
Said type of alarm comprises: local type of alarm (for example, sound and light alarm, server or the portable terminal page are reported to the police), and remote alarms mode (for example, SMS alarm and telephone call).Particularly, when having fire or security protection fault, system takes sound and light alarm, literal warning, SMS alarm and telephone call; When air quality does not meet the demands, then have only the literal warning and do not have other type of alarms.
Managerial personnel can in time import corresponding emergent instruction after receiving warning message through server or portable terminal, at this moment, return S1 and carry out corresponding operating.
Preferably, when the alert event rank reaches preset threshold value, transmit control signal, background music is switched to urgent broadcasts such as accident, fire alarm evacuation, rescue, commander to the building audio-frequence player device.
S6: fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit or common base monitoring of tools unit generate control signal according to said operation of equipment instruction, with control building fire fighting equipment, security protection equipment, environmental quality conditioning equipment and common base device motion.
Above embodiment only is used to explain the present invention; And be not limitation of the present invention; The those of ordinary skill in relevant technologies field under the situation that does not break away from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can also be made various variations and modification; Therefore all technical schemes that are equal to also belong to category of the present invention, and scope of patent protection of the present invention should be defined by the claims.

Claims (9)

1. building information comprehensive management system; It is characterized in that said system comprises: management control unit, core processing unit, communication unit, data storage cell, the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, common base monitoring of tools unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and alarming and managing unit; Wherein,
Said management control unit is connected with said core processing unit through said communication unit, is used for receiving management personnel's steering order and sends to said core processing unit;
Said core processing unit receives detection information and/or monitor data and/or the warning message that each monitoring unit sends, and sends to management control unit as required; And, receive steering order that said management control unit sends and the monitoring unit that is transmitted to appointment;
The said monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain characterize and supply water in the building and steam line leaks or the detection information of gas leak phenomenon; And respond said detection information to said core processing unit transmission warning message, close corresponding fault valve simultaneously;
Said fire-fighting link monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used to obtain the detection information of pyrotechnics pick-up unit, and sends alerting signal according to said detection information to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding fire fighting equipment according to said steering order;
Said safety monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used to obtain the monitor data of safety monitoring equipment and sends to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding security protection equipment according to said steering order;
Said common base monitoring of tools unit is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain the detection information that characterizes the common base equipment working state; Generate warning message according to said detection information, and said warning message and/or detection information are sent to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding common base equipment according to said steering order;
Said environmental quality monitoring unit is connected with said core processing unit; Be used to obtain the detection information of temperature, Humidity regulating equipment and air quality conditioning equipment in the building; Generate warning message according to said detection information, and said warning message and/or detection information are sent to said core processing unit; And, be used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to corresponding temperature, humidity and air quality conditioning equipment according to said steering order;
Said alarming and managing unit is connected with said core processing unit, is used for the rank selection type of alarm generation alerting signal according to the alert event of said warning message, and offers managerial personnel;
Said common base monitoring of tools unit further comprises:
Supply the distribution monitor subelement; Be connected with power supplying and distributing equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Be used to obtain voltage, the current sampling data of said power supplying and distributing equipment; Generate warning message according to said sampled data, and said sampled data is sent to said core processing unit with said warning message; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding power supplying and distributing equipment according to said steering order;
Plumbing monitoring subelement; Be connected with plumbing equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the sample information of the water level that characterizes said plumbing equipment, hydraulic pressure, flow by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said sample information and said warning message are sent to said core processing unit together; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding plumbing equipment according to said steering order; And,
The illumination monitoring subelement; Be connected with building lighting equipment and monitoring device thereof; Obtain the sample information that characterizes the light fixture duty by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said warning message and/or said sample information are sent to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding lighting installation according to said steering order;
The elevator monitoring subelement; Be connected with lift facility and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the sample information that characterizes said elevator operation by said monitoring device; Generate warning message according to said sample information, and said warning message and/or said sample information are sent to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding lift facility according to said steering order;
Said environmental quality monitoring unit further comprises:
The air conditioning monitoring subelement; Be connected with air-conditioning equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the parameter that characterizes the operation of air conditioner situation by said monitoring device, generate warning message, and said warning message and/or said parameter are sent to said core processing unit according to said parameter; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding air-conditioning equipment according to said steering order, with remote on-off or modification air-conditioning parameter is set;
Heating monitoring subelement; Be connected with heating boiler equipment and monitoring device thereof in the building; Obtain the on-site parameters that characterizes boiler operating state by said monitoring device, generate warning message, and said warning message and/or said parameter are sent to said core processing unit according to said parameter; And, receive the steering order that said core processing unit sends, and transmit control signal to corresponding air-conditioning equipment according to said steering order, with remote on-off or modification boiler parameter is set;
New wind and air draft monitoring subelement are connected with outlet and inlet damper control in the building; Respond the steering order that said core processing unit sends, send to said outlet and inlet air door and open and/or the closing control signal;
Said system also comprises: sound video device monitoring unit; Be connected with speech communication equipment and video equipment in said core processing unit, the building; Be used to obtain the detection information of said speech communication equipment and video equipment duty, and send it to said core processing unit; And, receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and transmit control signal to relevant voice communication apparatus and video equipment according to said steering order;
Radio unit; Said radio unit is connected with said core processing unit and the interior audio-frequence player device of building, is used to receive the steering order of said core processing unit, and controls said audio-frequence player device according to said steering order and play corresponding audio-frequency information.
2. building information comprehensive management as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that said system also comprises: data storage cell; Said data storage cell is connected with said core processing unit, is used to store warning message and/or detection information and/or the data that said core processing unit is obtained by each monitoring unit place.
3. like any described building information comprehensive management system among the claim 1-2, it is characterized in that said management control unit is a server, and said communication unit is a network communication module.
4. like any described building information comprehensive management system among the claim 1-2, it is characterized in that said management control unit is a mobile phone, and said communication unit is GPRS and/or 3G communication module.
5. the building information comprehensive management method based on any described building information comprehensive management system among the claim 1-4 is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
S1: long-range/local instruction of management control unit receiving management personnel, and be transmitted to core processing unit;
S2: core processing unit is judged the type of said instruction; One or more transmissions in the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit detect information/monitoring data collection instruction, turn to S3; Or the transmitting apparatus operational order turns to S6;
S3: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and the said acquisition instructions of common base monitoring of tools cell response, obtain the gas leakage detection information of leaking, building fire-fighting detection information, safety monitoring information, environmental quality detection information and common base equipment running status information and send to core processing unit;
S4: the monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas, fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit and common base monitoring of tools unit leak according to the information of gathering, and gas leakage is judged, hidden fire-fighting danger is judged, security protection hidden danger is judged, the environmental quality suitability degree is judged and the common base equipment failure is judged; Generate warning message and send to core processing unit according to said judged result;
S5: core processing unit is selected type of alarm according to the rank of the alert event in the said warning message, generates alerting signal, and sends to management control unit, offers managerial personnel with long-range/local mode, returns S1;
S6: fire-fighting link monitoring unit, safety monitoring unit, environmental quality monitoring unit or common base monitoring of tools unit generate control signal according to said operation of equipment instruction, with control building fire fighting equipment, security protection equipment, environmental quality conditioning equipment and common base device motion.
6. building information comprehensive management method as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, among the step S3, said building fire-fighting detection information comprises that pyrotechnics detects information; Said safety monitoring information comprises building gate inhibition information, video monitoring data, parking lot management data; Said environmental quality detection information comprises temperature information, humidity information and harmful gas concentration information; Said common base equipment running status information comprises: power-supply unit status information, plumbing equipment status information, light fixture status information, sound video device status information and elevator operation information.
7. building information comprehensive management method as claimed in claim 5; It is characterized in that; Among the step S2, said operation of equipment instruction comprises: gate inhibition's steering order, temperature/humidity regulation instruction, new wind/exhaust system open command, light fixture sequential control and/or light intensity, illumination regulating command and building periphery garden pouring steering order.
8. building information comprehensive management method as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that step S4 also comprises: when the gas leakage accident is leaked in the judgment result displays existence, close related valve when the said monitoring unit that leaks and leak gas generates warning message automatically.
9. building information comprehensive management method as claimed in claim 5; It is characterized in that; Step S5 also comprises: when the alert event rank reaches preset threshold value; Transmit control signal to the building audio-frequence player device, background music is switched to urgent broadcasts such as accident, fire alarm evacuation, rescue, commander.
CN201110034138A 2011-01-31 2011-01-31 Building information total management system and method CN102063116B (en)

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