CN204104380U - Seed seperator - Google Patents

Seed seperator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204104380U
CN204104380U CN201420630464.6U CN201420630464U CN204104380U CN 204104380 U CN204104380 U CN 204104380U CN 201420630464 U CN201420630464 U CN 201420630464U CN 204104380 U CN204104380 U CN 204104380U
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China
Prior art keywords
seed
cylinder
level cylinder
level
outlet
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CN201420630464.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张超
李武
马越
赵晓燕
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of seed seperator, comprise support, feed hopper and one-level cylinder, wherein feed hopper is fixed on support, its inside is provided with first and pushes screw rod, and first pushes screw rod for crushing material is pushed to one-level cylinder through the import of one-level cylinder; The center line level of one-level cylinder and be fixed on support, the two ends of one-level cylinder are respectively equipped with the import of one-level cylinder and the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh, be provided with second in one-level cylinder and push screw rod, second pushes screw rod for material is pushed to the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh from the import of one-level cylinder, interior also sheathed first separating plate of one-level cylinder, the lower sides of one-level cylinder is also provided with the first seed outlet, arranges the first screen cloth in the first seed outlet, to make seed by the first screen cloth.The seed seperator that the utility model provides, while acquisition seed, is convenient to pericarp and the pulp of collecting raw material.

Description

Seed seperator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of seed seperator, belongs to food processing machinery technical field.
Background technology
Seed-use pumpkin, a kind of watermelon, cucurbit, hang melon, white melon and angle melon etc. get seed for main purpose crop, about how improving seed rate of getting, reducing seed breakage rate, having developed large number quipments, such as kind of watermelon seed extractor, kind of watermelon thresher, melon seed extractor etc.Fig. 1 is that patent CN 202310594 U discloses a kind of full-automatic kind of watermelon cucurbit seed extractor; seed extractor structure wherein comprises thresher 210; melon is smashed by thresher 210; be separated melon skin and seed; water tank 220 is provided with above thresher 210; below is provided with filter box 230; water tank 220 is communicated with filter box 230; in filter box 230, there is screen cloth; filter box 230 is for cleaning seed and filtering the impurity in seed; the bottom of filter box 230 has seed outlet 240, and the seed of discharging from filter box 230 is collected through seed outlet 240.
But the said equipment mainly obtains the seed of raw material, the collection of pericarp and pulp and fully utilize out in the cold.For a kind of watermelon, be rich in the necessary amino acid of the human bodies such as citrulling and dietary fiber etc. in the melon skin of a research discovery kind of watermelon and melon pulp, eat for a long time, have certain effect to the incidence reducing angiocardiopathy.And kind of watermelon skin account for whole melon heavy 50.7%, melon meat accounts for 42.5%, and seed accounts for 6.80%.Use current equipment, difficulty collected by melon skin and melon meat, therefore in most cases the melon skin and melon meat that account for gross weight about 93% abandoned, not only contaminated environment, but also can cause the wasting of resources.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of seed seperator, while acquisition seed, is convenient to pericarp and the pulp of collecting raw material.
The utility model provides a kind of seed seperator, comprises support, feed hopper and one-level cylinder, wherein
Described feed hopper is fixed on described support, its inside is provided with first and pushes screw rod, and described first pushes screw rod for crushing material is pushed to described one-level cylinder through the import of one-level cylinder;
The center line level of described one-level cylinder and be fixed on described support, the two ends of described one-level cylinder are respectively equipped with the import of described one-level cylinder and the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh, be provided with second in described one-level cylinder and push screw rod, described second pushes screw rod for material is pushed to the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh from the import of one-level cylinder, the first separating plate is also provided with in described one-level cylinder, described first separating plate is inner for being set in one-level cylinder, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of one-level cylinder, and one end that one end of described first separating plate and described one-level cylinder are provided with the import of one-level cylinder is connected, one end that the other end of described first separating plate and described one-level cylinder establish cylinder skin and flesh to export has interval, the lower sides of described one-level cylinder is also provided with the first seed outlet, in described first seed outlet, the first screen cloth is set, to make seed by the first screen cloth.
Further, described seed seperator also comprises the second-order separation cylinder, the center line level of described the second-order separation cylinder and be fixed on described support, and be communicated with described one-level cylinder by described first seed outlet, the second separating plate is also provided with in described the second-order separation cylinder, described second separating plate is inner for being set in the second-order separation cylinder, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of the second-order separation cylinder, and one end of described second separating plate is connected near one end of the first seed outlet with described the second-order separation cylinder, the other end of described second separating plate and described the second-order separation cylinder have interval away from one end of the first seed outlet, the top sidewall of described the second-order separation cylinder is provided with spray head, lower sides is provided with waste liquid port and the second seed outlet, second screen cloth is set in described waste liquid port, tackled by described second screen cloth to make seed.
Further, also be provided with in described the second-order separation cylinder and push away seed axle, describedly push away seed axle and described the second-order separation cylinder is coaxially arranged, and to arrange perpendicular to its radial direction multiplely push away seed plate on the described seed axle surface that pushes away, the described seed axle that pushes away can rotate around the center line of described the second-order separation cylinder, so that seed is pushed to the second seed outlet.
Further, described seed seperator also comprises the service sink be communicated with described feed hopper, is provided with spray head above described service sink.
Further, the bubble aeration pipe can ventilated in service sink is provided with bottom described service sink.
Further, described service sink is communicated with described feed hopper by elevator, to be sent into described feed hopper from described service sink by material.
Further, be also provided with multiple cutting knife along the described first axis pushing screw rod, the edge of a knife of described cutting knife pushes screw rod radially along described first.
Further, described cutting knife is arranged at described first and pushes screw rod one end near the import of described one-level cylinder.
The seed seperator that the utility model provides can be flexible the various raw material of reply and production requirement, such as pumpkin, a kind of watermelon, cucurbit, hang melon, white melon and angle melon etc., seed separative efficiency is high; While acquisition seed, be convenient to pericarp and the pulp of collecting raw material, improve vegetables and fruits further and be worth.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of existing full-automatic kind of watermelon cucurbit seed extractor.
The structural front view of the seed seperator that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of seed seperator in Fig. 2.
Description of reference numerals
1-service sink 2-first seed outlet 3-elevator
4-spray head 5-feed hopper 6-first pushes screw rod
7-one-level cylinder 8-second pushes screw rod 9-support
10-the second-order separation cylinder 11-second seed outlet 12-pushes away seed axle
13-one-level cylinder import 14-seed collecting vessel 15-exhausted bath box
16-skin and flesh collecting vessel 17-bubble aeration pipe 18-first separating plate
19-cutting knife 20-cylinder skin and flesh outlet 21-second separating plate
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, obviously, described embodiment is the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
The seed seperator that Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 provides for the present embodiment, it comprises support, feed hopper and one-level cylinder, wherein feed hopper 5 is fixed on support 9, its inside is provided with first and pushes screw rod 6, and first pushes screw rod 6 for crushing material is pushed to one-level cylinder 7 through one-level cylinder import 13, one-level cylinder 7 to be fixed on support 9 and in center line level, the two ends of one-level cylinder 7 are respectively equipped with one-level cylinder import 13 and cylinder skin and flesh outlet 20, be provided with second in one-level cylinder 7 and push screw rod 8, second pushes screw rod 8 for material is pushed to cylinder skin and flesh outlet 20 from one-level cylinder import 13, the first separating plate 18 is also provided with in one-level cylinder 7, first separating plate 18 is inner for being set in one-level cylinder 7, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of one-level cylinder 7, and one end that one end of the first separating plate 18 and one-level cylinder 7 are provided with one-level cylinder import 13 is connected, one end that the other end of the first separating plate 18 and one-level cylinder 7 establish cylinder skin and flesh to export 20 has interval, the lower sides of one-level cylinder 7 is also provided with the first seed outlet 2, in first seed outlet 2, the first screen cloth is set, to make seed by the first screen cloth.
The seed seperator that the present embodiment provides controls start and stop by electric control system, and can carry out seed separation for different types of material, as pumpkin, a kind of watermelon, cucurbit, hangs melon, white melon and angle melon etc.The parts manufactured materials that seed class seperator contacts with fruit vegetable materials can use SUS304 stainless steel, to meet the hygienic requirements of food processing better.
First fruit vegetable materials puts into feed hopper 5, and first pushes screw rod 6 by fruits and vegetables attrition crushing sends into one-level cylinder 7 through one-level cylinder import 13; In one-level cylinder 7, fruit vegetable materials rotates with the first separating plate 18, first separating plate 18 can be set in second and push between screw rod 8 and one-level cylinder 7, fruit vegetable materials is pulverized further, seed is separated with skin and flesh, simultaneously second push material that screw rod 8 rotates to make to enter from one-level cylinder import 13 and export 20 directions to the cylinder skin and flesh of the other end and push, in the process, seed is collected from first seed outlet 2 by the first screen cloth under gravity, skin and flesh is tackled by the first screen cloth, and is finally collected from cylinder skin and flesh outlet 20 release.
Further, can also be provided with multiple cutting knife 19 along the first axis pushing screw rod 6, the edge of a knife of cutting knife 19 pushes screw rod 6 radially along described first, when first push screw rod 6 rotate time, cutting knife 19 also rotates with it, to implement fruit vegetable materials further to pulverize.Cutting knife 19 is preferably disposed on first and pushes screw rod 6 one end near one-level cylinder import 13, is convenient to the fruit vegetable materials after pulverizing and directly enters one-level cylinder 7, reduces its remaining in feed hopper 5.
Usually being mingled with mucous membrane, sugar and tiny skin and flesh from the isolated seed of one-level cylinder 7, in order to obtain cleaner seed, needing to clean further from the isolated seed of one-level cylinder 7 and be separated.Therefore above-mentioned seed seperator can also comprise the second-order separation cylinder 10, the center line level of the second-order separation cylinder 10 and be fixed on support 9, and be communicated with one-level cylinder 7 by the first seed outlet 2, the second separating plate 21 is also provided with in the second-order separation cylinder 10, second separating plate 21 is inner for being set in the second-order separation cylinder 10, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of the second-order separation cylinder 10, and one end of the second separating plate 21 is connected with the second-order separation cylinder 10 one end near the first seed outlet 2, the other end of the second separating plate 21 and the second-order separation cylinder 10 have interval away from one end of the first seed outlet 2, the top sidewall of the second-order separation cylinder 10 is provided with spray head 4, lower sides is provided with waste liquid port (not shown) and the second seed outlet 11, second screen cloth is set in waste liquid port, tackled by the second screen cloth to make seed.
After entering the second-order separation cylinder 10 from the isolated seed of one-level cylinder 7, rotate with the second separating plate 21, seed is separated with tiny skin and flesh with mucous membrane, simultaneously spray head 4 can be sprayed water and to be rinsed seed, waste liquid after flushing is discharged from the waste liquid port (not shown) of the second-order separation cylinder 10 lower sides, collect in waste water tank 15, seed is tackled by the second screen cloth, and separation process terminates rear seed and can discharge through the second seed outlet 11 and be collected.
Above-mentioned seed and skin and flesh can be collected in seed collecting vessel 14 and pulp collecting vessel 16 respectively, and seed collecting vessel and pulp collecting vessel can not be fixed on seed seperator, so that change flexibly and combine.
The aperture of above-mentioned first screen cloth and the second screen cloth can be selected according to the size of fruit vegetable materials seed, and wherein the aperture of the first screen cloth need be greater than the size of fruit vegetable materials seed, and the aperture of the second screen cloth need be less than the size of fruit vegetable materials seed.
Also can be provided with further in the second-order separation cylinder 10 and push away seed axle 12, push away seed axle 12 coaxially to arrange with the second-order separation cylinder 10, and to arrange perpendicular to its radial direction and multiplely push away seed plate pushing away seed axle 12 surface, push away seed axle 12 to rotate around the center line of the second-order separation cylinder 10, seed is pushed to the second seed outlet 11, so that the collection of seed simultaneously.
Preferably, the screen inwall forming above-mentioned first separating plate 18 and/or the second separating plate 21 can be provided with multiple projection, more be conducive to making the mixture of skin and flesh and seed follow the rotation of the first separating plate 18 or the second separating plate 21 and move, thus make seed be easier to be separated with skin and flesh.
Further, above-mentioned seed seperator also comprises the service sink 1 be communicated with feed hopper 5, is provided with spray head 4 above service sink 1.After fruit vegetable materials enters service sink, spray head 4 is from top water spray, and bubble aeration pipe 17 can simultaneously to service sink internal ventilation, and thoroughly clean fruit vegetable materials surface, raw material is transferred to feed hopper 5 subsequently.
Service sink 1 is connected by connecting gear with feed hopper 5, is more conducive to the automated production of seed separation process.Such as, service sink 1 is communicated with feed hopper 5 by elevator 3, to be sent into feed hopper 5 from service sink 1 by material.
Below for the seed separation process of a kind of watermelon, describe the course of work of the seed seperator that the utility model provides in detail.
First the first screen cloth (being arranged in the first seed outlet 2 of one-level cylinder 7) being applicable to kind of watermelon seed size is selected, open service sink bubble aeration pipe 17 and spray head 4, a kind of watermelon is put into service sink 1, make a kind of watermelon under the effect of current and bubble, remove the dirts such as the earth on surface, be then transferred to feed hopper 5 by elevator 3; A kind of watermelon is driven plain pulverizing under the effect of the first screw rod 6 and cutting knife 19, and pushes in one-level cylinder 7; A broken kind of watermelon further rotates and fragmentation in one-level cylinder 7 under the drive of separating plate 18, skin and flesh is separated with kind of watermelon seed simultaneously, second pushes screw rod 8 rotates that material is exported 20 directions propelling movements to skin and flesh, in the process, kind of watermelon seed passes through the first screen cloth from the first seed outlet 2 under gravity, and fall into seed collecting vessel 14 and collect, kind of watermelon skin and flesh is tackled by the first screen cloth, and finally release from cylinder skin and flesh outlet 20, fall into skin and flesh collecting vessel 16 and be collected.
When being provided with the second-order separation cylinder 10, the second-order separation cylinder 10 is entered by the kind of watermelon seed of the first screen cloth, kind film wherein on removal kind of watermelon seed and broken little melon meat melon skin etc., kind of watermelon seed after rinsing, under the effect pushing away seed axle 12, falls into seed collecting vessel 14 by the second seed outlet 11 and collects.
The kind of watermelon seed collected can be directly used in frying after drying, and kind of watermelon skin and kind of watermelon meat can be used to produce watermelon beverage.Adopt above-mentioned seed seperator seed separative efficiency high, and pericarp and pulp can be reclaimed easily, be conducive to carrying out deep processing to vegetables and fruits, improve vegetables and fruits further and be worth.
Last it is noted that above each embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, be not intended to limit; Although be described in detail the utility model with reference to foregoing embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein some or all of technical characteristic; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the scope of each embodiment technical scheme of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a seed seperator, is characterized in that, comprises support, feed hopper and one-level cylinder, wherein,
Described feed hopper is fixed on described support, and its inside is provided with first and pushes screw rod, and described first pushes screw rod two ends is connected to described feed hopper inwall, can rotate, material to be pushed to described one-level cylinder around its center line;
The center line level of described one-level cylinder and be fixed on described support, the two ends of described one-level cylinder are respectively equipped with the import of described one-level cylinder and the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh, described one-level cylinder is communicated with described feed hopper by the import of described one-level cylinder, be provided with second in described one-level cylinder and push screw rod, described second pushes the two ends that screw rod two ends are connected to described one-level cylinder, can rotate around its center line, so that material is pushed to the outlet of cylinder skin and flesh from the import of one-level cylinder, the first separating plate is also provided with in described one-level cylinder, described first separating plate is inner for being set in one-level cylinder, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of one-level cylinder, and one end that one end of described first separating plate and described one-level cylinder are provided with the import of one-level cylinder is connected, one end that the other end of described first separating plate and described one-level cylinder establish cylinder skin and flesh to export has interval, the lower sides of described one-level cylinder is also provided with the first seed outlet, first screen cloth that seed can be made to pass through is provided with in described first seed outlet.
2. seed seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described seed seperator also comprises the second-order separation cylinder, the center line level of described the second-order separation cylinder and be fixed on described support, and be communicated with described one-level cylinder by described first seed outlet, the second separating plate is also provided with in described the second-order separation cylinder, described second separating plate is inner for being set in the second-order separation cylinder, and by multiple screen surround without round-ended cylinder, without round-ended cylinder, can rotate around the center line of the second-order separation cylinder, and one end of described second separating plate is connected near one end of the first seed outlet with described the second-order separation cylinder, the other end of described second separating plate and described the second-order separation cylinder have interval away from one end of the first seed outlet, the top sidewall of described the second-order separation cylinder is provided with spray head, lower sides is provided with waste liquid port and the second seed outlet, the second screen cloth tackling seed is provided with in described waste liquid port.
3. seed seperator according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also be provided with in described the second-order separation cylinder and push away seed axle, describedly push away seed axle and described the second-order separation cylinder is coaxially arranged, and to arrange perpendicular to its radial direction multiplely push away seed plate on the described seed axle surface that pushes away, the described seed axle that pushes away can rotate around the center line of described the second-order separation cylinder, so that seed is pushed to the second seed outlet.
4. seed seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described seed seperator also comprises the service sink be communicated with described feed hopper, is provided with spray head above described service sink.
5. seed seperator according to claim 4, is characterized in that, is provided with the bubble aeration pipe can ventilated in service sink bottom described service sink.
6. seed seperator according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described service sink is communicated with described feed hopper by elevator, to be sent into described feed hopper from described service sink by material.
7. seed seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is also provided with multiple cutting knife along the described first axis pushing screw rod, and the edge of a knife of described cutting knife pushes screw rod radially along described first.
8. seed seperator according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described cutting knife is arranged at described first and pushes screw rod one end near the import of described one-level cylinder.
CN201420630464.6U 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Seed seperator Active CN204104380U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420630464.6U CN204104380U (en) 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Seed seperator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420630464.6U CN204104380U (en) 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Seed seperator

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850356A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 东北大学 Self-seed-picking farmland calabash harvester
CN112674361A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-20 无为县清溪种养殖专业合作社 Novel seed washing device for processing snakegourd seeds and processing method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105850356A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-17 东北大学 Self-seed-picking farmland calabash harvester
CN112674361A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-20 无为县清溪种养殖专业合作社 Novel seed washing device for processing snakegourd seeds and processing method thereof

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