CN204012118U - A kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set - Google Patents

A kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204012118U
CN204012118U CN201420419721.1U CN201420419721U CN204012118U CN 204012118 U CN204012118 U CN 204012118U CN 201420419721 U CN201420419721 U CN 201420419721U CN 204012118 U CN204012118 U CN 204012118U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
earth rod
power
weight
reduction box
motor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420419721.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张辉
狄京元
任永杰
宋锐
杨少峰
Original Assignee
国家电网公司
国网河南省电力公司漯河供电公司
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Application filed by 国家电网公司, 国网河南省电力公司漯河供电公司 filed Critical 国家电网公司
Priority to CN201420419721.1U priority Critical patent/CN204012118U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204012118U publication Critical patent/CN204012118U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function power set are installed, comprising: motor, the reduction box being connected with motor and brake actuator, reduction box driving chain, vertical chain, swing pinion, air compressor, electric control box, brake actuator, roller; On its vertical chain, symmetry is installed with upper end and promotes block column shaped rotating bearing and lower end lifting block column shaped rotating bearing; The top of device front end is provided with weight, is provided with upper and lower two parts positioning clamping cylinder under weight; Device rear end is provided with electric control box, and bottom is provided with location travel mechanism, auxiliary location support mechanism and roller.This device has that earth rod is located automatically, auxiliary support function, can be grounded excellent mechanical automation and install, and has both saved manpower, avoids again using large excavator, has greatly promoted operating efficiency and the work quality of Maintenance of Electric Transmission Line operation.

Description

A kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set
Technical field
The utility model relates to Maintenance of Electric Transmission Line equipment technical field, relates in particular to a kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function power set are installed.
Background technology
In the middle of power distribution network power equipment circuit; earthing device occupies extremely important position; when power equipment suffers induction overvoltage, short circuit overvoltage, thunderbolt; earth electrode can leak into electric current rapid diffusion underground; avoided power equipment punch through damage; safeguarded power circuit equipment normal operation, play a very good protection.The earth resistance of general power circuit equipment is less than 10 ohm, earth resistance is less stricter to earth electrode material and construction and installation quality requirements, and the earthing device of power equipment circuit mainly adopts Zinc-coated angle steel, galvanizing steel rod iron, copper covered steel earth rod, fine copper rod as earth electrode at present.
The installation overwhelming majority of earth electrode is all to utilize artificial installation, relies on manpower that the earth electrode degree of depth of being driven underground is generally to 1-3 meters.But artificial installation rate is slow, efficiency is low, in carrying out artificial earthing's rod installation process, when being hit, the earth rod that carries out pre-determined bit is difficult to guarantee vertical stand-up state, must there is a workmen to help earth rod, make earth rod keep plumbness, otherwise earth rod occur tilting, can cause sledgehammer strike crooked, even fall through, be there is to certain risk in workmen's personal safety.In addition, when earth electrode fitting depth requires to be greater than 3 meters, only rely on workmen to use the weights such as iron hammer vertically to hit earth rod, be difficult to installation.In this case, construction enterprises unit just must carry out operation by large excavator, utilizes excavator Dou first to dig out vertical dell, then earth rod is put into the dell having excavated.But narrow and small when construction and installation place free space, heavy mechanical equipment cannot enter into construction area, has also just been difficult to construction task.The local power equipment of installing such as in remote districts, mountain area, job location road is tortuous, and heavy mechanical equipment is also difficult to drive in construction area.Therefore there is following shortcoming in big machinery construction plan: (1) adopts large excavator to excavate the installing hole of earth electrode, and construction cost expense is higher; (2) at remote narrow and small, narrow zone, adopt this construction method, large excavator cannot enter into construction area and carry out operation.Comprehensive above situation, the earth rod installation mechanical device of designing and developing as seen a kind of Simple And Practical is necessary.
Utility model content
The problem that the utility model mainly solves is to provide a kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function that power set are installed, can install in implementation process at the earthing device of power distribution network power equipment, earth electrode is positioned to support, and provide installation power, not only can reduce the construction cost of unit in charge of construction, save construction manpower, can also shorten the engineering time, increase work efficiency, the mechanization that is grounded device earth electrode is installed.
For addressing the above problem, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
The earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set, comprising: motor, weight, positioning clamping cylinder, vertical chain, reduction box, reduction box driving chain, swing pinion, air compressor, electric control box, brake actuator, roller, operating grip, location travel mechanism, auxiliary location support mechanism, upper end promote block cylinder-shaped bearing, lower end promotes block cylinder-shaped bearing.Wherein, motor is placed on device inside center, connect reduction box rotation, between motor and reduction box, motor output shaft is provided with brake actuator, reduction box take-off (propeller) shaft is connected to the main drive gear of swing pinion by reduction box driving chain, main drive gear drives vertical chain bottom driving gear to rotate by power transmission shaft again, bottom driving gear rotates together and drags vertical chain forward rotation with top travelling gear, and above vertical chain, symmetry is installed with upper end and promotes block column shaped rotating bearing and lower end lifting block column shaped rotating bearing; Whole device front end, top is provided with weight, is provided with upper and lower two parts positioning clamping cylinder under weight; Device rear end is provided with electric control box, and bottom is provided with location travel mechanism, auxiliary location support mechanism and roller, and location travel mechanism is connected with operating grip, and auxiliary location support mechanism comprises the positioning clamping cylinder of bottom.
Preferably, described motor is threephase asynchronous.
Preferably, described swing pinion comprises main drive gear and from travelling gear.
Preferably, described positioning clamping cylinder is divided into upper and lower two parts, and top is arranged on the upper and lower orbit support of weight place, and bottom is arranged on device bottom.
Preferably, the left and right tong of described positioning clamping cylinder is semicircular structure, and 2 semicircle mechanisms are closed together, forms a circular fixture, and round diameter and earth rod diameter that fixture forms are basic identical.
Preferably, described brake actuator adopts electromagnetic brake brake.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, the utlity model has following superiority:
1, this device possesses automatic strike earth rod function, device has been located, starting drive operation work, the weight of device moves up and down automatically, earth rod is driven into step by step underground, has realized the mechanization of earth rod and installed, both saved construction manpower expense, reduced again construction workman's labour intensity, avoided carrying out the loaded down with trivial details of operation by large excavator simultaneously.
2, the positioning clamping cylinder mechanism of motive power machine device body bottom is installed, can supplemental support initial alignment to the earth rod in hole, installation site, prevented that higher earth rod is crooked without any supporting auxiliary generation, have that earth rod is located automatically, auxiliary support function, strengthened working security.
3, gravity drop hammer traversing carriage centre position is provided with automatic auxiliary support mechanism, and it is crooked that the automatic auxiliary support mechanism of this position has avoided earth rod the first half to occur.At gravity drop hammer, hit earth rod for several times, earth rod is in depth after next segment distance, and the automatic auxiliary support mechanism in gravity drop hammer traversing carriage centre position opens, and removes the support of earth rod is helped.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is perspective view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is bottom profile figure of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is lifting block column shaped rotating bearing Local map of the present utility model.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, a kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function of the utility model is installed to power set and be described in further detail.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the utility model, can not limit protection range of the present utility model with this.
In accompanying drawing 1, provided perspective view of the present utility model, accompanying drawing 2 has provided left view of the present utility model, and accompanying drawing 3 has provided bottom profile figure of the present utility model.As shown in the figure, this earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set and is comprised: motor 1, weight 2, positioning clamping cylinder 3, vertical chain 4, reduction box 5, reduction box driving chain 6, swing pinion 7, air compressor 8, electric control box 9, brake actuator 10, roller 11, operating grip 12, location travel mechanism 13, auxiliary location support mechanism 14, upper end promote block cylinder-shaped bearing 15, lower end promotes block cylinder-shaped bearing 16.
Wherein, motor 1 is selected threephase asynchronous, be placed on device inside center, connect reduction box 5 rotations, between motor 1 and reduction box 5, motor output shaft is provided with brake actuator 10, reduction box 5 take-off (propeller) shafts are connected to the central main drive gear of swing pinion 7 by reduction box driving chain 6, main drive gear drives vertical chain 4 bottom driving gears to rotate by power transmission shaft again, bottom driving gear rotates together and drags vertical chain 4 forward rotation with top travelling gear, vertical chain 4 above symmetry is installed with upper end lifting block column shaped rotating bearing 15 and lower end lifting block column shaped rotating bearing 16.
Whole device front end, top is provided with weight 2, is provided with positioning clamping cylinder 3 under weight 2, and described positioning clamping cylinder 3 is divided into upper and lower two parts, and top is arranged on weight, and Shang Xia 2 orbit support place, and bottom is arranged on device bottom.Its each several part left and right tong is semicircular structure, and 2 semicircle mechanisms are closed together, forms a circular fixture, and round diameter and earth rod diameter that fixture forms are basic identical.Upper and lower circular fixture can be stable clamping earth rod, earth rod there will not be the inclination of any direction.
Device rear end is provided with electric control box 9, and bottom is provided with location travel mechanism 13, auxiliary location support mechanism 14 and roller 11, and location travel mechanism 13 is connected with operating grip 12, and auxiliary location support mechanism 14 comprises the positioning clamping cylinder 3 of bottom.
Device operation logic: motor 1 connects reduction box 5 rotations, between motor 1 and reduction box 5, motor output shaft is provided with brake actuator 10, reduction box 5 take-off (propeller) shafts are connected to the central main drive gear of swing pinion 7 by reduction box driving chain 6, and main drive gear drives vertical chain 4 bottom driving gears to rotate by power transmission shaft again.In the installation process of earth rod, first need earth rod to be fixed in positioning clamping cylinder 3, then utilize roller 11, shift device onto infield, be electrified, motor 1 entry into service, bottom driving gear rotates together and drags vertical chain 4 forward rotation with top travelling gear, upper end promotes column shaped rotating bearing 15(as shown in Figure 4) rising touches weight 2 and promotes blocks, and jack-up weight 2 moves upward together, until peak; Afterwards, promote block column shaped rotating bearing 15 and start tangential motion, promote block with weight 2 and do disengaging action, departing from action is mainly that upper end promotes block cylinder swivel bearing 15 and weight 2 is done tangential disengaging, because promoting block cylinder swivel bearing 15 is rotations, what contact with weight 2 lifting blocks is the smooth disc of swivel bearing, promotes contact-making surface between block cylinder swivel bearing 15 and weight 2 and has less force of rolling friction, and tangential disengaging action is easy to realization.Promote after block cylinder swivel bearing 15 discs and weight 2 moments disengaging, weight 2 starts the movement of falling objects.And promote block cylinder swivel bearing 15, continue to move with vertical chain 4 operations, weight 2 obtains certain speed and kinetic energy by the movement of falling object, hits fast the earth rod of pre-determined bit.Weight 2 hits earth rod driving head, and at earth rod driving head instantaneous stay, the lifting block cylinder swivel bearing 16 that vertical chain 4 is installed above moves to operation, touch weight 2 and promote block, another moves upward weight 2 with vertical chain 4, move to upper gear position, top, promote block cylinder swivel bearing 16 and start to do tangential motion, promote block with weight 2 and do disengaging action, after both moments depart from, weight 2 carries out the movement of falling object again, again vertically hits earth rod.Weight 2 is moment contact earth rod driving head in short-term, promotes block cylinder swivel bearing 15 and again mentions weight 2 and rise, and repeats to rise to behind top and does and depart from action, thereby realize rising repeatedly, the decline of weight 2.
Promote block cylinder swivel bearing 15 and 16 along with chain positive direction rotation always, whole power set drive weight 2 repeatedly upper and lower, constantly vertically hit earth rod, clash into each time earth rod and enter underground soil layer one segment distance, thereby within the shorter time period, earth rod in depth descends soil horizon a step by a step, has realized the mechanization of earth rod and has installed.
When power set operation work is installed, first paragraph earth rod is driven underground complete, when second earth rod installed in needs connection additional, powered-down, motor 1 shuts down, and weight 2 stops moving up and down, can mobile power set roller 11 away from hit position, move to safety work region, convenient construction personnel connect installs second earth rod additional.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, one of ordinary skill in the art will be recognized, use scheme of the present utility model can also realize many optional embodiments.All any modifications of doing within spirit of the present utility model and principle, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set, comprising: motor, the reduction box being connected with motor and brake actuator, reduction box driving chain, swing pinion, air compressor, electric control box, brake actuator, roller; It is characterized in that, reduction box take-off (propeller) shaft is connected to the main drive gear of swing pinion by reduction box driving chain, main drive gear drives vertical chain bottom driving gear to rotate by power transmission shaft again, bottom driving gear rotates together and drags vertical chain forward rotation with top travelling gear, and above vertical chain, symmetry is installed with upper end and promotes block column shaped rotating bearing and lower end lifting block column shaped rotating bearing; Whole device front end, top is provided with weight, is provided with upper and lower two parts positioning clamping cylinder under weight; Device rear end is provided with electric control box, and bottom is provided with location travel mechanism, auxiliary location support mechanism and roller, and location travel mechanism is connected with operating grip, and auxiliary location support mechanism comprises the positioning clamping cylinder of bottom.
2. the earth rod with vertically-guided function according to claim 1 is installed power set, it is characterized in that, described positioning clamping cylinder is divided into upper and lower two parts, and top is arranged on the upper and lower orbit support of weight place, and bottom is arranged on device bottom.
3. the earth rod with vertically-guided function according to claim 1 and 2 is installed power set, it is characterized in that, the left and right tong of described positioning clamping cylinder is semicircular structure, 2 semicircle mechanisms are closed together, form a circular fixture, round diameter and earth rod diameter that fixture forms are basic identical.
4. the earth rod with vertically-guided function according to claim 1 is installed power set, it is characterized in that, described motor is threephase asynchronous.
5. the earth rod with vertically-guided function according to claim 1 is installed power set, it is characterized in that, described swing pinion comprises main drive gear and from travelling gear.
6. the earth rod with vertically-guided function according to claim 1 is installed power set, it is characterized in that, described brake actuator adopts electromagnetic brake brake.
CN201420419721.1U 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 A kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set CN204012118U (en)

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CN201420419721.1U CN204012118U (en) 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 A kind of earth rod with vertically-guided function is installed power set

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105449485A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-30 国家电网公司 Earth pin punching-in device
CN105680276A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-06-15 国网山东省电力公司聊城供电公司 Grounding electrode driver and driving method
CN106129776A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of grounding device of anti-charged installation earth lead
CN106207513A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of power equipment anti-theft grounding device
CN106229704A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of power circuit grounding body and special extracting apparatus
CN108808424A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-13 北京兴天通电讯科技有限公司 Earthing pole installs equipment
CN106207514B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-11-23 国网河南省电力公司漯河供电公司 A kind of electric power grounding device
CN109802246A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-05-24 北京隆昌达电力工程有限公司 A kind of impact device of auxiliary installation earthing pole

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105449485A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-30 国家电网公司 Earth pin punching-in device
CN105449485B (en) * 2015-11-26 2018-03-30 国家电网公司 A kind of grounding pin is pounded into device
CN105680276A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-06-15 国网山东省电力公司聊城供电公司 Grounding electrode driver and driving method
CN105680276B (en) * 2016-04-05 2018-04-20 国网山东省电力公司聊城供电公司 Earthing pole impactor and squeeze into method
CN106129776A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of grounding device of anti-charged installation earth lead
CN106207513A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-07 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of power equipment anti-theft grounding device
CN106229704A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 河南送变电工程公司 A kind of power circuit grounding body and special extracting apparatus
CN106207514B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-11-23 国网河南省电力公司漯河供电公司 A kind of electric power grounding device
CN108808424A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-13 北京兴天通电讯科技有限公司 Earthing pole installs equipment
CN109802246A (en) * 2019-01-22 2019-05-24 北京隆昌达电力工程有限公司 A kind of impact device of auxiliary installation earthing pole

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