CN203985296U - Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system - Google Patents

Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203985296U
CN203985296U CN201420413195.8U CN201420413195U CN203985296U CN 203985296 U CN203985296 U CN 203985296U CN 201420413195 U CN201420413195 U CN 201420413195U CN 203985296 U CN203985296 U CN 203985296U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drip irrigation
root
pipe
feed pipe
arm
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Application number
CN201420413195.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宿飞飞
吕典秋
胡林双
李勇
王绍鹏
刘尚武
刘振宇
邱彩玲
王文重
王晓丹
魏琪
李学湛
Original Assignee
黑龙江省农业科学院植物脱毒苗木研究所
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Priority to CN201420413195.8U priority Critical patent/CN203985296U/en
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Publication of CN203985296U publication Critical patent/CN203985296U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology
    • Y02A40/264Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, or watering
    • Y02A40/27Watering arrangements

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system, aim to provide one and can reduce the rising consumption of crop water luxury, reduce nutrient solution loss, improve the greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system of water use efficiency.Comprise fluid reservoir, pipette, liquid pump, feed pipe, filter and intelligence control system, pipette is connected between fluid reservoir and liquid pump suction inlet, feed pipe is connected with liquid pump outlet, filter is arranged on feed pipe, also comprise drip irrigation pipe, arm, control valve, this arm is connected with feed pipe, be positioned at the seedling row crop root system left and right sides on every cultivation ridge along ridge to being respectively equipped with a drip irrigation pipe, every drip irrigation pipe arrival end is along laterally connecting with this arm side by side, and every drip irrigation pipe porch is equipped with control valve.The utility model is applicable to the greenhouse alternative split-root drip irrigation of potatoes and other crops.

Description

Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system

Technical field

The utility model belongs to greenhouse water-saving irrigation device, especially relates to a kind of greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system.

Background technology

In recent years, some water-saving irrigation methods that people comparatively pay close attention to mainly contain limited irrigation, insufficient irrigation and deficit irrigation etc.In industrialized agriculture is produced, also need irrigation water or pouring nutrient solution, drip-irrigation technology is to adopt drip irrigation pipe that traditional pressure water stream water spray pouring is become to tiny water droplet infiltrating irrigation, is widely applied in recent years.The proposition of above-mentioned irrigation technique and the enforcement of method thereof turn to the excellent product type of water saving to irrigate the positive effect of having played to the abundance of water high yield type by traditional.But these methods are only consideration readjust-loss in time and the optimization distribution of the water yield still, do not consider from space that the function of root system of plant is to improving the effect of water use efficiency.Crop water production efficiency is low, the problem of the rising control technique that consumes greatly, lacks the arid ability of opposing of the luxurious property of crop water is more outstanding, because of irrigation water and the low Crops Drought lack of water that causes of Crop Water Use Efficiency, cause that the phenomenon of the significantly underproduction is at China's ubiquity.Potato is as China main cultivation crop, very responsive to water deficit.If greenhouse culture potato adopts traditional water-saving irrigation method, exist equally the rising consumption of crop water luxury large, the loss of nutrient solution is large, the low problem of utilization ratio of moisture.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is for the problems referred to above that exist, and provides one can reduce the rising consumption of crop water luxury, reduce nutrient solution loss, improves the greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system of water use efficiency.

For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical proposals: greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system of the present utility model, comprise fluid reservoir, pipette, liquid pump, feed pipe, filter and intelligence control system, pipette is connected between fluid reservoir and liquid pump suction inlet, feed pipe is connected with liquid pump outlet, filter is arranged on feed pipe, also comprise drip irrigation pipe, arm, control valve, this arm is connected with feed pipe, be positioned at the seedling row crop root system left and right sides on every cultivation ridge along ridge to being respectively equipped with a drip irrigation pipe, every drip irrigation pipe arrival end is along laterally connecting with this arm side by side, every drip irrigation pipe porch is equipped with control valve.

Owing to adopting technique scheme, the greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system that the utility model provides has following beneficial effect compared with prior art:

The utility model is every seedling row crop root system left and right sides of cultivating ridge along ridge to being respectively equipped with a drip irrigation pipe, and every drip irrigation pipe arrival end is along laterally connecting with this arm side by side, and every drip irrigation pipe porch is equipped with control valve.Utilization is arranged on the control valve alternate intervals of two drip irrigation pipe porch, the seedling row crop root system left and right sides and opens, and intelligence control system timing alternatively drip irrigating, realizes automation alternative water-supply.Pressure water stream is become to tiny water droplet, near soil moistening crop root.Potato set row to cultivation in soil has carried out root division district alternatively drip irrigating, pour water at every turn and only open the drip irrigation pipe water supply of a side, and opposite side is closed; The drip irrigation pipe control valve that while pouring water, poured water last time is next time closed, and closed last time, this is opened, and makes the soil of potato set row both sides alternately moistening, and some root growth is in drier soil region all the time.Thereby the root system generation water stress signal that makes dry section is delivered to leaf stoma and effectively regulates stomatal closure, and root system in humid region absorbs moisture to meet the need of normal growth of crop from soil, make the injury of crop remain in critical limit, simultaneously because topsoil is always intermittent in arid biogeographic zone, invalid evaporation loss and a total irrigation water capacity when always moistening between so both can having reduced, also can reduce soil by machines intensity, improve the permeability of soil, promote the compensatory growth of root system, improve root system to moisture, the availability of nutrient, improve the validity of mineral nutrient, reach the object of water saving not sacrifice the Accumlation of photosynthates of crop.Obtain the rising consumption of minimizing crop water luxury, reduced nutrient solution loss, improved the effect of water use efficiency.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system;

Fig. 2 is the cutaway view along A-A line in Fig. 1.

In figure: cultivation ridge 1; Seedling capable 2; Drip irrigation pipe 3; Fluid reservoir 4; Pipette 5; Liquid pump 6; Feed pipe 7; Filter 8; Arm 9; Control valve 10.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail:

As Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, provide the structural representation of the utility model greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system preferred embodiment, comprise fluid reservoir 4, pipette 5, liquid pump 6, feed pipe 7, filter 8 and intelligence control system, pipette 5 is connected between fluid reservoir 4 and liquid pump 6 suction inlets, feed pipe 7 is connected with liquid pump 6 outlets, filter 8 is arranged on feed pipe 7, also comprise drip irrigation pipe 3, arm 9, control valve 10, this arm 9 is connected with feed pipe 7, be positioned at the capable 2 crop root left and right sides of seedling on every cultivation ridge 1 along ridge to being respectively equipped with a drip irrigation pipe 3, every drip irrigation pipe 3 arrival ends are along laterally connecting with this arm 9 side by side, every drip irrigation pipe 3 porch are equipped with control valve 10.Open or close control valve 10 by artificial interval, realize two of the capable 2 crop root left and right sides of seedling drip irrigation pipe 3 alternatively drip irrigatings, intelligence control system can realize the automatic control of alternatively drip irrigating, can set the time interval of each irrigation and the time of flowing water in intelligence control system.

Below taking greenhouse potato culture as example illustrates operation principle of the present utility model, first to fluid reservoir 4 nutrient solution of annotating, manually open potato set row one side drip irrigation pipe 3 porch control valves 10, close same potato set row opposite side drip irrigation pipe 3 porch control valves 10 simultaneously, at this moment start liquid pump 6, nutrient solution filters and enters arm 9 by feed pipe 7 and through filter 8, arm 9 is carried nutrient solution to the potato set row one side drip irrigation pipe 3 on many cultivation ridges 1 simultaneously, intelligence control system is by the time interval of each irrigation and the time of transfusion set, liquid pump 6 starts or stops by automatic control signal.When completing after a drip irrigation, one side drip irrigation pipe 3 porch control valves 10 of transfusion last time are closed when drip irrigation next time, and the opposite side drip irrigation pipe that closed last time 3 porch control valves 10 this open.This has just realized timing, according to the program the arranging opposite side root system to plant by nutrient solution automatic transport next time, make the soil of potato set row both sides alternately moistening, some root growth is in drier soil region all the time.By the control utilization of this nutrient solution, reach the loss that reduces nutrient solution, improve the object of the utilization ratio of moisture.

In the time of potato plant root system drought and water shortage, can be to fluid reservoir 4 filled with water, by root-divided alternative irrigation, invalid evaporation loss and a duty between both can having reduced, and can not sacrifice the accumulation of crop photosynthesis product and reduce in a large number its luxurious transpiration water consumption to reach water saving object.

The utility model is applicable to the greenhouse alternative split-root drip irrigation of potatoes and other crops.

Claims (1)

1. a greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system, comprise fluid reservoir (4), pipette (5), liquid pump (6), feed pipe (7), filter (8) and intelligence control system, pipette (5) is connected between fluid reservoir (4) and liquid pump (6) suction inlet, feed pipe (7) is connected with liquid pump (6) outlet, filter (8) is arranged on feed pipe (7), it is characterized in that: also comprise drip irrigation pipe (3), arm (9), control valve (10), this arm (9) is connected with feed pipe (7), be positioned at seedling capable (2) the crop root left and right sides on every cultivation ridge (1) along ridge to being respectively equipped with a drip irrigation pipe (3), every drip irrigation pipe (3) arrival end is along laterally connecting with this arm (9) side by side, every drip irrigation pipe (3) porch is equipped with control valve (10).
CN201420413195.8U 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system CN203985296U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420413195.8U CN203985296U (en) 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420413195.8U CN203985296U (en) 2014-07-22 2014-07-22 Greenhouse intelligent control alternative split-root drip irrigation system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203985296U true CN203985296U (en) 2014-12-10

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069599A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high magnesium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Fructus Sapindi Mukouossi in salt-soda soil
CN106069601A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using brackish water and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Luan Shu in salt-soda soil
CN106069598A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using salt water and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting high bar Fructus Ligustri Lucidi in salt-soda soil
CN106106038A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use volcanic ash every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Acer negundo. L application
CN106106035A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use haydite every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Semen Ginkgo application
CN106106037A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use meerschaum every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Casuarina equisetifolia L. application
CN106106036A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high calcium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Cedrus deoclar (Roxb.) G. Don in salt-soda soil
CN106105960A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of coconut shell flour is used to combine the method that salt-fresh water root-divided alternative irrigation technology carries out original soil greening
CN106134926A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of root-divided alternative irrigation method using sulfur-bearing bitter and fresh water and in the application of plantation North America, salt-soda soil Chinese juniper
CN106134925A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use perlite every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation acer monoes application
CN106171354A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high potassium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Pollen pini thunbergii in salt-soda soil
CN106171828A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use flyash every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation midget crabapple application
CN106245715A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of Fen Gen district, salt-soda soil, Yellow River irrigation vertical alternative water-supply system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106069599A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high magnesium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Fructus Sapindi Mukouossi in salt-soda soil
CN106171828A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use flyash every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation midget crabapple application
CN106069598A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using salt water and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting high bar Fructus Ligustri Lucidi in salt-soda soil
CN106106038A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use volcanic ash every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Acer negundo. L application
CN106106035A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use haydite every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Semen Ginkgo application
CN106106037A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use meerschaum every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Casuarina equisetifolia L. application
CN106106036A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high calcium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Cedrus deoclar (Roxb.) G. Don in salt-soda soil
CN106105960A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of coconut shell flour is used to combine the method that salt-fresh water root-divided alternative irrigation technology carries out original soil greening
CN106134926A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of root-divided alternative irrigation method using sulfur-bearing bitter and fresh water and in the application of plantation North America, salt-soda soil Chinese juniper
CN106134925A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use perlite every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation acer monoes application
CN106171354A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using high potassium bitter and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Pollen pini thunbergii in salt-soda soil
CN106069601A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of application using brackish water and the root-divided alternative irrigation method of fresh water and planting Luan Shu in salt-soda soil
CN106245715A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of Fen Gen district, salt-soda soil, Yellow River irrigation vertical alternative water-supply system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141210

Termination date: 20150722