CN203950413U - A kind of building escape system based on wireless senser - Google Patents

A kind of building escape system based on wireless senser Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203950413U
CN203950413U CN201420265349.3U CN201420265349U CN203950413U CN 203950413 U CN203950413 U CN 203950413U CN 201420265349 U CN201420265349 U CN 201420265349U CN 203950413 U CN203950413 U CN 203950413U
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China
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module
wireless communication
communication module
wireless
rescue
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CN201420265349.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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裴庆祺
张桔
潘骅
冯鸣月
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西安电子科技大学
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of building escape system based on wireless senser, comprising: acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, alarm modules, the first wireless communication module, backstage central server module, range sensor, the second wireless communication module, locating module, rescue terminal composition.The utility model arranges acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, range sensor etc., enrich the function of high-rise building escape system, location, rescue and alarm lamp function are realized, acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, range sensor are set, realize the computing function of optimal path, guided the escape of people's safety, the position of stranded disaster affected people is provided for Post disaster relief staff simultaneously, convenient rescue, improves rescue speed.Of the present utility model simple in structure, feature richness, the function that has solved existing high-rise building escape system existence is more single, does not possess the computing function of optimal path, cannot guide the problem of people's safe escape.

Description

A kind of building escape system based on wireless senser
Technical field
The utility model belongs to high-rise building escape technical field, relates in particular to a kind of building escape system based on wireless senser.
Background technology
At present, along with China's economy and technical merit develop rapidly and reform and open up to the outside world deepen continuously, skyscraper has obtained fast development.But because China's skyscraper is started late, to carry out in the past specification not tight in addition, and the escape measure imperfection of skyscraper, exists many unsafe factors.As sent after earthquake, owing to cannot knowing the trafficability characteristic of numerous corridors, power-off simultaneously loses illumination and people's Psychological phobia, has serious blindness while causing crowd evacuation, tend to produce crowded, the secondary injury such as to trample phenomenon, wasted the escape survival time of a large amount of preciousnesses.Because elevator can not ensure normal power supply under earthquake, fire condition, the warning mark of " banning use of elevator when earthquake fire " is almost present in each elevator side in the whole world, and these factors have brought great difficulty all to high building crowd's emergency escape.Cause communication to be obstructed at the major power outage occurring after the major disasters such as earthquake and fire simultaneously, the further rescue work in later stage has also been caused to numerous obstacles.
Currently occurred numerous high-rise building escape systems (device), but their function is more single, does not possess the computing function of optimal path, cannot guide people's safe escape.To choose several high-rise building escape systems (device) below, their existing shortcoming will be specifically described
The patent No. is 201020253569.6 Chinese invention patent utility model patent of invention " high-rise fire, rescuing device for earthquake ", it adopts people to save oneself by the mode of escape cylinder escape in the time there is emergency condition, but it need to carry out large-scale redevelopment to house, the mode that this jumping simultaneously falls to escaping has larger risk, especially substantially inapplicable for old man and child.
The patent No. is 201310029476.3 Chinese invention patent utility model patent of invention " a kind of high building escape system ", it adopts while there is disaster hides and escapes into the mode of escape compartment, but it need to take special floor, cabin body cost is higher, lacks the function that guides people how to arrive home simultaneously.
The patent No. is the Chinese invention patent utility model patent of invention " Household earthquake alarm system for escape " of 201120221500.X, adopts acceleration transducer to detect the generation of earthquake, wakes heavy sleepers up, and controls light fixture and door lock.Circuit in this mode Dui Yaodui building is transformed, and the control of door lock can cause user's property safety hidden danger, lacks guiding people simultaneously and how to arrive the function of home.
Utility model content
The utility model is that the function of the existing high-rise building escape system existence of solution is more single, do not possess the computing function of optimal path, cannot guide the problem of people's safe escape and a kind of simple in structure, easy to install, building escape system based on wireless senser of increasing work efficiency is provided.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked for the technical matters existing in solution known technology is:
The building escape system based on wireless senser of the utility model embodiment, should comprise by the building escape system based on wireless senser: acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, alarm modules, the first wireless communication module, backstage central server module, range sensor, the second wireless communication module, locating module, rescue terminal composition;
Be converted to electric signal and continuous testing environment temperature and smokescope for the vibrations that earthquake is produced, electric signal is converted to digital signal through A/D converter, digital signal and environment temperature and smokescope is sent to acceleration transducer and the fire perceiving device of the first wireless communication module;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, for sending the alarm modules of high-decibel warning;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, be sent to backstage central server module for the digital signal that receives acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, contrast judges that testing environment temperature and smokescope and threshold values contrast the first wireless communication module that judges whether breaking out of fire;
Be connected with the first wireless communication module, alarm module sets out while exceeding predefined threshold values for acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, the corridor through path length of receiving range sensor measurement, receive the positional information of locating module, and send relief instruction to rescue terminal, for the data that receive are arranged and are analyzed, calculate by related algorithm, for each user calculates an optimum best-effort path, and optimum best-effort path is passed back to user by wireless communication system and rescue the backstage central server module in terminal;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module, after occurring at earthquake or fire, start working, measure corridor through path length, detect the passability of corridor and data are back to the range sensor of backstage central server module;
Be connected the second wireless communication module being connected with backstage central server module for realize range sensor, locating module and rescue terminal by wireless network with backstage central server module;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module, for locating in real time and identity identification, relevant information will be back to the locating module of backstage central server module by the second wireless communication module;
Be connected the rescue terminal of sending for realizing rescue instruction with the second wireless communication module.
The utility model can also adopt following technical measures:
In embodiment of the present utility model, backstage central server module comprises: data analysis module, optimal path computation module, user login management module, communication module;
For the data analysis module that the data that receive are arranged and analyzed;
Be connected with data analysis module, calculate by related algorithm for the data that data analysis module is arranged, for each user calculates the optimal path computation module of an optimum best-effort path;
Be connected with optimal path computation module, for the user login management module of login management rescue center background server and escape system;
Be connected with data analysis module and optimal path computation module, for receiving the data from the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module, and optimum best-effort path passed back to user by the second wireless communication module and rescue the communication module in terminal.
Further, adopt open 2.4GHz band networking, the first wireless communication module of Zigbee network and the second wireless communication module.
Further, rescue terminal is wrist strap or similar form, taking CC2530 chip as communication module, is connected and is controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device by IO mouth.
Further, the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module comprise wireless communication module host node and child node.
Further, locating module is made up of reader and active label, and reader and active label use CC2530 chip formation RFID communication system, and active label is connected and controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device formation rescue terminal by IO mouth simultaneously.
Further, acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, range sensor, locating module and the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module composition wireless sensor network node.
Further, wireless sensor network node adopts the mode of power supply adaptor and rechargeable battery collaborative work to power.
Further, locating module is realized the real-time location of personnel in building, and for Post disaster relief staff provides the position of stranded disaster affected people, convenient rescue, improves rescue speed.
Advantage and the good effect that the utlity model has are: because the utility model arranges acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, range sensor, locating module, alarm modules, rescue terminal, the first wireless communication module, the second wireless communication module and backstage central server module, further enrich the function of high-rise building escape system, realize location, rescue and alarm lamp function, acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device are set, range sensor, realize the computing function of optimal path, guide the escape of people's safety, and be embodied as Post disaster relief staff the position of stranded disaster affected people is provided, convenient rescue, improve rescue speed.Of the present utility model simple in structure, feature richness, the function that has solved preferably existing high-rise building escape system existence is more single, does not possess the computing function of optimal path, cannot guide the problem of people's safe escape.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the building escape system structural representation based on wireless senser that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the backstage central server modular structure schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment provides;
In figure: 1, acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device; 2, alarm modules; 3, the first wireless communication module; 4, backstage central server module; 4-1, data analysis module; 4-2, optimal path computation module; 4-3, user login management module; 4-4, communication module; 5, range sensor; 6, the second wireless communication module; 7, locating module; 8, rescue terminal.
Embodiment
For further understanding summary of the invention of the present utility model, Characteristic, hereby exemplify following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows: the utility model software module used all belongs to known module, in the time buying hardware module, software has been installed.There is not the innovation of software or method in the utility model.
Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2:
As shown in Figure 1, the building escape system based on wireless senser of the utility model embodiment mainly by: acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device 1, alarm modules 2, the first wireless communication module 3, backstage central server module 4, range sensor 5, the second wireless communication module 6, locating module 7, rescue terminal 8 form;
Be converted to electric signal and continuous testing environment temperature and smokescope for the vibrations that earthquake is produced, electric signal is converted to digital signal through A/D converter, digital signal and environment temperature and smokescope is sent to acceleration transducer and the fire perceiving device 1 of the first wireless communication module 3;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device 1, for sending the alarm modules 2 of high-decibel warning;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device 1, be sent to backstage central server module 4 for the digital signal that receives acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device 1, contrast judges that testing environment temperature and smokescope and predefined threshold values contrast the first wireless communication module 3 that judges whether breaking out of fire;
Be connected with the first wireless communication module 3, alarm module 2 sets out while exceeding predefined threshold values for acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device 1, the corridor through path length that receiving range sensor 5 is measured, receive the positional information of locating module 7, and send relief instruction to rescue terminal 8, for the data that receive are arranged and are analyzed, calculate by related algorithm, for each user calculates an optimum best-effort path, and optimum best-effort path is passed back to user by wireless communication system and rescue the backstage central server module 4 in terminal 8;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module 6, after occurring at earthquake or fire, start working, measure corridor through path length, detect the passability of corridor and data are back to the range sensor 5 of backstage central server module 4;
Be connected the second wireless communication module 6 being connected with backstage central server module 4 for realize range sensor 5, locating module 7 and rescue terminal 8 by wireless network with backstage central server module 4;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module 6, for locating in real time and identity identification, relevant information will be back to the locating module 7 of backstage central server module 4 by the second wireless communication module 6;
Be connected the rescue terminal 8 of sending for realizing rescue instruction with the second wireless communication module 6;
As shown in Figure 2, backstage of the present utility model central server module 4 comprises: data analysis module 4-1, optimal path computation module 4-2, user login management module 4-3, communication module 4-4;
For the data analysis module 4-1 that the data that receive are arranged and analyzed;
4-1 is connected with data analysis module, calculates, for each user calculates the optimal path computation module 4-2 of an optimum best-effort path for the data that data analysis module is arranged by related algorithm;
4-2 is connected with optimal path computation module, for the user login management module 4-3 of login management rescue center background server and escape system;
Be connected with data analysis module 4-1 and optimal path computation module 4-2, for receiving the data from the first wireless communication module 3 and the second wireless communication module 6, and optimum best-effort path is passed back to user by the second wireless communication module 6 and rescue the communication module 4-4 in terminal 8;
The first wireless communication module 3 and the second wireless communication module 6, use open 2.4GHz band networking, and Zigbee network has self-organization, self-healing characteristic;
Rescue terminal 8, is wrist strap or similar form, taking CC2530 chip as communication module, can be connected and be controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device by IO mouth, has fashion, light feature, can be combined with the product such as Intelligent spire lamella.
In embodiment of the present utility model, the first wireless communication module 3 and the second wireless communication module 6 are mainly made up of wireless communication module host node and child node.In wireless communication module, comprise CC2420 module.Wherein child node comprises wireless senser, obtains data and simply processes, and alleviates the burden of background service center module, and the data of processing are sent to host node by CC2420 module; The data transmission that CC2420 module in host node is sent child node;
The vibrations that sensitive element in acceleration transducer produces earthquake are converted to electric signal, and the first wireless communication module will judge whether locality earthquake has occurred according to factors such as building height characteristic, local mean wind speeds; If earthquake occurs, the first wireless communication module will reach center background server by signal by cordless communication network, and the whole network of center background server triggers enters mode of operation;
Range sensor works in IIC pattern, and according to IIC agreement regulation, SDA, the SCL of range sensor need connect respectively a 10k pull-up resistor to VCC, can reduce power consumption, extends the available duration via of independent current source; Multiple range sensors can connect on the SDA, scl line of single-chip simulation simultaneously, enter duty simultaneously;
The indoor locating module of active RFID mainly comprises reader and label, and reader is placed in the known location in each passage, and label is held by user; System enters after mode of operation, reader is launched activation signal to label, label enters mode of operation after receiving activation signal, and the note in state of activation can send to read write line the information of oneself, and in building, the reader of each position obtains information and the signal intensity RSSI value of label; Reader sends the device address of oneself, label information and RSSI to wireless communication node by serial ports, node is sent to backstage central server module by cordless communication network, backstage central server module will comprehensively judge that according to the value of RSSI each note is nearest apart from which reader, the position of nearest reader is the position of label, thereby realizes personnel positioning;
Principle of work of the present utility model:
The utility model comprises acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, hyperacoustic range sensor, a series of sensors of indoor positioning sensor, high-decibel alarm, rescues terminal, wireless communication module and backstage central server module;
Sensor section is made up of acceleration transducer, ultrasonic distance sensor, fire perceiving device, indoor positioning sensor, all pass through IO mouth be connected with wireless communication module form wireless sensor network node; Wherein acceleration transducer is installed on the top of building and sets corresponding threshold value according to floor height, in the time there is earthquake, building swing and produce acceleration, in the time that accekeration exceedes threshold value, be judged as that earthquake occurs and data passed back to backstage central server module trigger alarm device by wireless communication system and send high-decibel warning, backstage central server module trigger sensor network and positioning system enter mode of operation simultaneously.Do not repeat therefore fire perceiving device working method and acceleration transducer are similar, fire perceiving device is back to backstage central server module by environment temperature and smokescope by wireless sensor network in the time that fire occurs simultaneously.Ultrasonic distance sensor is started working after earthquake or fire generation, and mainly, to measure the mode of corridor through path length, the passability that detects corridor is also back to backstage central server module by data; Indoor positioning sensor is integrated in the rescue terminal that user wears, and realizes location and identity identification in real time by RFID positioning system, and relevant information will be back to backstage central server module by wireless communication system;
Center background server module, comprises login management interface module, data analysis module, optimal path computation module and network communication module.Login management interface module, for login management rescue center background server and escape system, data analysis module is for arranging and analyze the data that receive, optimal path computation module is calculated by related algorithm for the data that data analysis module is arranged, for each user calculates an optimum best-effort path, network communication module is used for receiving the data from wireless communication system, and optimum best-effort path is passed back in user's rescue terminal by wireless communication system.
All wireless sensor network nodes all adopt the mode of power supply adaptor and rechargeable battery collaborative work to power, and are similar to corridor emergency light, are powered under normal circumstances by power supply adaptor, in the time that disaster causes power-off, are powered by rechargeable battery;
The vibration signal that acceleration transducer produces earthquake is converted to electric signal, and electric signal is converted to digital signal by the A/D function of single-chip microcomputer by analog electrical signal.If earthquake occurs, the first wireless communication module reaches center background server module by cordless communication network by signal and data, and center background server module triggers whole network and enters mode of operation;
The continuous testing environment temperature of fire perceiving device and smokescope, the first wireless communication module contrasts itself and threshold values to judge whether breaking out of fire.If fire occurs, the first wireless communication module reaches center background server module by cordless communication network by signal and data, and center background server module triggers whole network and enters mode of operation;
After disaster occurs, the second wireless communication module reads environment temperature and the smokescope that length that range sensor returns and fire perceiving device return, compare with the threshold value setting in advance, if length is less than threshold value or smokescope and is greater than threshold value and illustrates that this section of road is obstructed, otherwise this section is described, the road is clear, then result is sent to backstage central server module by cordless communication network;
Locating module is mainly made up of reader and active label, and reader and active label use CC2530 chip formation RFID communication system, and active label is connected and controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device formation rescue terminal by IO mouth simultaneously.System start working after reader launch activation signal to label, label is received after activation signal in state of activation, information in label is sent to the reader in its communication range, reader receives after label information, and the received signal strength RSSI value of equipment of itself address, label information and this information is sent to backstage central server module by cordless communication network.The signal intensity RSSI value of the same active label that backstage central server module receives by the multiple readers of comprehensive analysis, interpretation goes out the particular location (i.e. the position of the reader nearest with it) of active label;
Backstage central server module adopts Windows as underlying operating system, comprises login management interface module, data analysis module, optimal path computation module and communication module.Login management interface module presents with the form of graphic user interface, realizes the control to whole escape system and management intuitively.In the passage situation in each section that data analysis module is passed cordless communication network back and building, the position at personnel place builds topological model.The topological model data that optimal path computation module synthesis data analysis module builds, using optimal path algorithm is that every personnel calculate optimum best-effort path.Backstage central server module is connected with wireless communication system module by serial ports and forms network communication module, accept the data that cordless communication network passes back and the optimum best-effort path that backstage central server module is calculated sends to rescue terminal by cordless communication network, rescue terminal, on its display screen, optimal path is shown to guide personnel escape in building.
The above is only to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not the utility model is done to any pro forma restriction, every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model is to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, equivalent variations and modification, all belong in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the building escape system based on wireless senser, it is characterized in that, should comprise by the building escape system based on wireless senser: acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, alarm modules, the first wireless communication module, backstage central server module, range sensor, the second wireless communication module, locating module, rescue terminal composition;
Be converted to electric signal and continuous testing environment temperature and smokescope for the vibrations that earthquake is produced, electric signal is converted to digital signal through A/D converter, digital signal and environment temperature and smokescope is sent to acceleration transducer and the fire perceiving device of the first wireless communication module;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and range sensor, for sending the alarm modules of high-decibel warning;
Be connected with acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, be sent to backstage central server module for the digital signal that receives acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, contrast judges that testing environment temperature and smokescope and threshold values contrast the first wireless communication module that judges whether breaking out of fire;
Be connected with the first wireless communication module, trigger alarm module while exceeding predefined threshold values for acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, the corridor through path length of receiving range sensor measurement, receive the positional information of locating module, and send relief instruction to rescue terminal, for the data that receive are arranged and are analyzed, calculate by related algorithm, for each user calculates an optimum best-effort path, and optimum best-effort path is passed back to user by wireless communication system and rescue the backstage central server module in terminal;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module, after occurring at earthquake or fire, start working, measure corridor through path length, detect the passability of corridor and data are back to the range sensor module of backstage central server module;
Be connected the second wireless communication module being connected with backstage central server module for realize range sensor, locating module and rescue terminal by wireless network with backstage central server module;
Be connected with the second wireless communication module, for locating in real time and identity identification, relevant information will be back to the locating module of backstage central server module by the second wireless communication module;
Be connected the rescue terminal of sending for realizing rescue instruction with the second wireless communication module.
2. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module adopt open 2.4GHz band networking, the first wireless communication module of Zigbee network and the second wireless communication module.
3. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, rescue terminal is wrist strap or similar form, taking CC2530 chip as communication module, is connected and is controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device by IO mouth.
4. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module comprise wireless communication module host node and child node.
5. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, locating module is made up of reader and active label, reader and active label use CC2530 chip formation RFID communication system, and active label is connected and controlled liquid crystal indicator and warning device formation rescue terminal by IO mouth simultaneously.
6. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that acceleration transducer and fire perceiving device, range sensor, locating module and the first wireless communication module and the second wireless communication module composition wireless sensor network node.
7. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that, wireless sensor network node adopts the mode of power supply adaptor and rechargeable battery collaborative work to power.
8. the building escape system based on wireless senser as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, locating module is realized the real-time location of personnel in building, and for Post disaster relief staff provides the position of stranded disaster affected people, convenient rescue, improves rescue speed.
CN201420265349.3U 2014-05-22 2014-05-22 A kind of building escape system based on wireless senser CN203950413U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104574775A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 安徽泓光网络工程有限公司 Smoke sensor alarm system
CN104732682A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-06-24 蔡晋晖 Wearable fire fighting reminding device and escape reminding system
CN105705204A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-22 张阳 Method and system for escape from fire for KTV
CN106101164A (en) * 2015-04-30 2016-11-09 许耿祯 Building rescue information systems
TWI579806B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-04-21 紅橋實業有限公司 Monitoring system for common public equipments in building
CN107449429A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-08 滨州医学院 A kind of indoor fire alarm rescue mode
CN108180942A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-19 西安科技大学 Earthquake escape guides system
CN108469742A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-31 上海蜀瑞电子科技有限公司 Smart home safe escape indicating means and system
TWI637362B (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-10-01 南開科技大學 Fire rescue system and method thereof
CN108680169A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-10-19 深圳市中电数通智慧安全科技股份有限公司 A kind of interior escape air navigation aid and device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104574775A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 安徽泓光网络工程有限公司 Smoke sensor alarm system
CN104732682A (en) * 2015-03-06 2015-06-24 蔡晋晖 Wearable fire fighting reminding device and escape reminding system
CN104732682B (en) * 2015-03-06 2017-06-30 蔡晋晖 Equipment and escape system for prompting are reminded in Wearable fire-fighting
CN106101164A (en) * 2015-04-30 2016-11-09 许耿祯 Building rescue information systems
TWI623919B (en) * 2015-04-30 2018-05-11 許耿禎 Building rescue information system
TWI579806B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-04-21 紅橋實業有限公司 Monitoring system for common public equipments in building
CN105705204A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-22 张阳 Method and system for escape from fire for KTV
WO2017124426A1 (en) * 2016-01-22 2017-07-27 张阳 Method and system for escape from fire for ktv
CN107449429A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-12-08 滨州医学院 A kind of indoor fire alarm rescue mode
TWI637362B (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-10-01 南開科技大學 Fire rescue system and method thereof
CN108180942A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-19 西安科技大学 Earthquake escape guides system
CN108469742A (en) * 2018-03-09 2018-08-31 上海蜀瑞电子科技有限公司 Smart home safe escape indicating means and system
CN108680169A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-10-19 深圳市中电数通智慧安全科技股份有限公司 A kind of interior escape air navigation aid and device

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