CN203924511U - A kind of roof structure that is provided with header - Google Patents

A kind of roof structure that is provided with header Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203924511U
CN203924511U CN201320881646.6U CN201320881646U CN203924511U CN 203924511 U CN203924511 U CN 203924511U CN 201320881646 U CN201320881646 U CN 201320881646U CN 203924511 U CN203924511 U CN 203924511U
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China
Prior art keywords
header
collector pipe
roof
layer
transverse collector
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CN201320881646.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦升益
窦明岳
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Renchuang ecological environmental protection Polytron Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
BEIJING RECHSAND ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320881646.6U priority Critical patent/CN203924511U/en
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Abstract

The utility model municipal engineering technical field, relates in particular to a kind of roof structure that is provided with header.This roof structure that is provided with header by being provided with transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header between waterproofing course and layer of gravel, and transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header are arranged in a crossed manner, and longitudinally header is communicated with transverse collector pipe, and transverse collector pipe is communicated with leader.When rainwater is larger, unnecessary rainwater can enter in transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header, then by leader, discharges outward, can not be gathered on roof, more can not be penetrated within doors like this; And this kind simple in structure, easy to implement.

Description

A kind of roof structure that is provided with header
Technical field
The utility model relates to municipal engineering technical field, relates in particular to a kind of roof structure that is provided with header.
Background technology
About the roof structure in house, in prior art, conventionally mainly contain three kinds:
The first, roof greening, plant roofing is green, be used for conserving moisture content, and green plant can stop portions sunlight direct projection, guaranteed that temperature within doors can not raise, people can feel very nice and cool in doors, but the maintenance of greening is very inconvenient, follow-up maintaining is had relatively high expectations, particularly at northern area, especially comparatively cold area, green planting can be withered.Maintenance cost is very high, is unfavorable for popularizing.
The second, directly fast outer row, no matter be traditional rain falling pipe, still hydrocone type leader newly developed in recent years, is all that rainwater is disposed in underground or municipal Storm Sewer Network fast.In recent years, rapid urbanization, diastrous weather takes place frequently, and city waterlogging is serious, and rainwater is outer row fast, increases the weight of the waterlogging disaster in city.Therefore,, when rainfall, effectively ooze or conserve extremely important rainwater is stagnant.
Three, on roof, lay silica sand drainage brick etc. for the stagnant self-restraint water layer that oozes self-restraint rainwater, there is very large benefit on more above-mentioned two kinds of the roof of this structure, can play the effect of self-restraint rainwater, but when rainfall is excessive, unnecessary rainwater can not be drained timely, can only be gathered in roof, and the excessive rainfall of gathering can be penetrated into waterproofing course, and can increase the weight on roof, affect the quality on roof.
Therefore,, for above deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of roof structure that is provided with header.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is solve to lay silica sand drainage brick etc. for the stagnant roof that oozes the self-restraint water layer of self-restraint rainwater, this roof is when rainfall is excessive, unnecessary rainwater can not be drained timely, can only be gathered in roof, the excessive rainfall of assembling can be penetrated into waterproofing course, and can increase the weight on roof, affect the problem of the quality on roof.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of roof structure that is provided with header, comprise successively from the bottom up waterproofing course and layer of gravel, between described waterproofing course and layer of gravel, be also provided with transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header, described transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header are arranged in a crossed manner, and described longitudinal header is communicated with transverse collector pipe, and transverse collector pipe is communicated with leader.
Further, described transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header are top perforate, lower seal.
Further, the area percent opening of described longitudinal header is not less than 1.5 times of layer of gravel void content.
Further, the longitudinal grade of described longitudinal header is not less than 0.25%.
Further, the cross fall of described transverse collector pipe is not less than 0.5%.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme tool of the present utility model has the following advantages: the roof structure that is provided with header of the present utility model by being provided with transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header between waterproofing course and layer of gravel, transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header are arranged in a crossed manner, and longitudinally header is communicated with transverse collector pipe, transverse collector pipe is communicated with leader, like this when rainwater is larger, unnecessary rainwater can enter in transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header, then by leader, discharge outward, can not be gathered on roof, more can not be penetrated within doors; And this kind simple in structure, easy to implement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional drawing that the utility model embodiment is provided with the roof structure of header;
Fig. 2 is that the header of the utility model embodiment roof structure of being provided with header is arranged schematic diagram.
In figure: 1: waterproofing course; 2: self-restraint water layer; 21: layer of gravel; 22: leveling layer; 23: drainage layer; 3: transverse collector pipe; 4: longitudinal header; 5: leader; 6: eaves.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples are used for illustrating the utility model, but are not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, orientation or the position relationship of the indications such as term " " center ", " longitudinally ", " laterally ", " on ", D score, 'fornt', 'back', " left side ", " right side ", " top ", " end " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship; be only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description; rather than the device of indication or hint indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific orientation structure and operation, so can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of roof structure that is provided with header that the utility model embodiment provides, this roof structure that is provided with header comprise for prevent rain penetration to waterproofing course 1 within doors and be arranged on waterproofing course 1 for the stagnant self-restraint water layer 2 that oozes self-restraint rainwater.
Be that the roof structure that is provided with header of the present utility model is on common roof, first to lay waterproofing course 1, guaranteed that rainwater can not enter within doors from roof, then self-restraint water layer 2 is set above waterproofing course 1, by self-restraint water layer, make roof have the ability of self-restraint rainwater, when rainy, rainwater can partly be stored in self-restraint water layer 2, after raining, in self-restraint water layer 2, the rainwater of self-restraint constantly evaporates in air, increases airborne humidity, effectively alleviates heat island effect; In addition, rainwater volatilization also can make cooling roof, plays the effect of cooling.
Particularly, described self-restraint water layer comprises layer of gravel 21, leveling layer 22 and drainage layer 23 from the bottom up successively, between waterproofing course 1 and layer of gravel 21, be also provided with the header for draining, described header comprises transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinal header 4, described transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinal header 4 are arranged in a crossed manner, and described longitudinal header 4 is communicated with transverse collector pipe 3, transverse collector pipe 3 is communicated with described leader 5, conventionally, leader 5 is arranged at the below of eaves 6, by leader 5, the rainwater on roof is arranged outward.
More specifically, the pavement thickness of described layer of gravel 21 is 100cm-500cm, and it is comprised of gravel; The thickness of leveling layer 22 is 2cm-5cm, and leveling layer 22 is mainly in order to play levelling effect, makes better to lay drainage layer 23 above, for the consideration of cost and convenience, and leveling layer 22 use coarse sand or medium coarse sands; Described drainage layer 23 adopts silica sand drainage brick to lay and forms.Described silica sand drainage brick is mixed by fine sand and resin adhesive, and described resin adhesive is hydrophilic resin bonding agent at least partly, conventionally, the particle of described fine sand is 0.08mm-1.5mm, and the infiltration rate of described silica sand water-permeable brick is more than or equal to 6.8 * 10-2cm/s.
The outer silica sand drainage brick of laying on roof, can be effectively by the contaminant filter in rainwater, avoid impurity to enter layer of gravel 21 below, cause layer of gravel 21 to stop up, self-restraint ability declines, and silica sand drainage brick itself has the effect of self-restraint rainwater, after the sun shines again after the rain, rainwater can pass through the capillarity of silica sand drainage brick, and the rainwater of self-restraint is constantly evaporated in air, increase airborne humidity, effectively alleviate heat island effect; Rainwater volatilization also can make cooling roof, plays the effect of cooling.
Layer of gravel 21 is the main aspect of self-restraint rainwater, and most of rainfall will be conserved in this layer, after the sun shines again after the rain temporarily, part rainwater can pass through the capillarity of silica sand drainage brick, the rainwater of self-restraint is constantly evaporated in air, increase airborne humidity, effectively alleviate heat island effect; Rainwater volatilization also can make cooling roof, plays the effect of cooling.When rainfall is concentrated more greatly or comparatively, layer of gravel 21 can be concentrated a large amount of rainwater of self-restraint, and different from silica sand drainage brick, layer of gravel 21 does not have filtration, but self-restraint ability is high, so its effect of alleviating heat island effect and cooling roof is stronger.
Described transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinally header 4 are top perforate, lower seal, like this, when rainwater is larger, rainwater can see through successively silica sand drainage brick, leveling layer 22 and layer of gravel 21 and enter in transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinal header 4, then by leader 5, rainwater is arranged outward.Because transverse collector pipe 3 contacts with layer of gravel 21 with the top of longitudinal header 4, gravel in layer of gravel 21 can enter in transverse collector pipe 3 or longitudinal header 4, preferably, the perforate aperture on transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinal header 4 tops should be less than the grain size of gravel of layer of gravel 21.More preferably, the area percent opening of described longitudinal header 4 is not less than 1.5 times of layer of gravel 21 void contents, is in order to guarantee that rainwater can better enter in longitudinal header 4 to discharge like this.
Common, longitudinally header 4 is communicated with transverse collector pipe 3, the rainwater in longitudinal header 4 that is arranged so that by the gradient enters into transverse collector pipe 3, as shown in Figure 2, the one end that is longitudinal header 4 is communicated with transverse collector pipe 3, preferably, the longitudinal grade of described longitudinal header 4 is not less than 0.25%, and the cross fall of described transverse collector pipe 3 is not less than 0.5%.Longitudinally the least significant end of header 4 is longitudinal header 4 and the interface of transverse collector pipe 3, and longitudinally the other end of header 4 is most significant end, and longitudinally the longitudinal grade of header 4 is for to look for slope by most significant end to least significant end, minimum 0.25%; The least significant end of transverse collector pipe 3 be transverse collector pipe 3 near one end of leader 5, the other end of transverse collector pipe 3 is most significant end, the cross fall of transverse collector pipe 3 is for to look for slope by most significant end to least significant end, minimum 0.5%.
Longitudinally header 4 is selected porous tubing, and Main Function is larger or when concentrated in rainfall, and rainfall surpasses the self-restraint ability of silica sand drainage brick and layer of gravel 21, longitudinally header 4 by the unnecessary rainwater-collecting that infiltrates into bottom to transverse collector pipe 3, outer row then.Transverse collector pipe 3 and the longitudinally caliber of header 4 are pressed design rainfall by waterpower calculative determination.Transverse collector pipe 3 and longitudinally header 4 outsides be provided with anti-filter fabric, as geotextiles etc., with rainwater-proof, carry foreign material and enter in header.
The Main Function of transverse collector pipe 3 is by the rainwater-collecting in longitudinal water accumulation pipe 4, and transverse collector pipe 3 adopts bottom trough of belt antipriming pipe or closely knit tubing.Its caliber, spacing and install position by waterpower calculative determination, the general docking building of transverse collector pipe 3 leaders 5.
The roof structure that is provided with header of the present utility model can be used for a long time after having produced once, and generally without the maintenance in later stage, substantially without maintenance cost, with respect to roof greening etc., integral construction cost and maintenance cost be reduction greatly all.
In sum, the roof structure that is provided with header of the present utility model by being provided with transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header between waterproofing course and layer of gravel, transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header are arranged in a crossed manner, and longitudinally header is communicated with transverse collector pipe, and transverse collector pipe is communicated with leader, like this when rainwater is larger, unnecessary rainwater can enter in transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header, then by leader, discharge outward, can not be gathered on roof, more can not be penetrated within doors; And this kind simple in structure, easy to implement.
The above is only several preferred embodiment of the present utility model; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; do not departing under the prerequisite of the utility model know-why; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a roof structure that is provided with header, comprise waterproofing course, it is characterized in that: also comprise be arranged on waterproofing course for stagnant ooze self-restraint rainwater self-restraint water layer, described self-restraint water layer comprises layer of gravel, leveling layer and drainage layer from the bottom up successively, between described waterproofing course and layer of gravel, be also provided with transverse collector pipe and longitudinal header, described transverse collector pipe and longitudinally header are arranged in a crossed manner, and described longitudinal header is communicated with transverse collector pipe, and transverse collector pipe is communicated with leader.
2. the roof structure that is provided with header according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described transverse collector pipe and longitudinally header are top perforate, lower seal.
3. the roof structure that is provided with header according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the area percent opening of described longitudinal header is not less than 1.5 times of layer of gravel void content.
4. the roof structure that is provided with header according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the longitudinal grade of described longitudinal header is not less than 0.25%.
5. the roof structure that is provided with header according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the cross fall of described transverse collector pipe is not less than 0.5%.
CN201320881646.6U 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 A kind of roof structure that is provided with header Active CN203924511U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320881646.6U CN203924511U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 A kind of roof structure that is provided with header

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320881646.6U CN203924511U (en) 2013-12-30 2013-12-30 A kind of roof structure that is provided with header

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203924511U true CN203924511U (en) 2014-11-05

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111851877A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-10-30 海南红杉科创实业有限公司 Flat roof drainage method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111851877A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-10-30 海南红杉科创实业有限公司 Flat roof drainage method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 100085 room B, block B509, Jiahua building, No. 9, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee after: Beijing Rechsand Ecological Environment Protection Science and Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 100085 room B, block B509, Jiahua building, No. 9, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: BEIJING RECHSAND ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

CP03 Change of name, title or address
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 246600, No. 1, general road, Yuexi Economic Development Zone, Anqing, Anhui

Patentee after: Anhui Renchuang ecological environmental Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: 100085 room B, block B509, Jiahua building, No. 9, 3rd Street, Beijing, Haidian District

Patentee before: Beijing Rechsand Ecological Environment Protection Science and Technology Co., Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 246600, No. 1, general road, Yuexi Economic Development Zone, Anqing, Anhui

Patentee after: Renchuang ecological environmental protection Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: 246600, No. 1, general road, Yuexi Economic Development Zone, Anqing, Anhui

Patentee before: Anhui Renchuang ecological environmental Polytron Technologies Inc