CN206128466U - Roof retaining greening structure - Google Patents

Roof retaining greening structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206128466U
CN206128466U CN201621088806.1U CN201621088806U CN206128466U CN 206128466 U CN206128466 U CN 206128466U CN 201621088806 U CN201621088806 U CN 201621088806U CN 206128466 U CN206128466 U CN 206128466U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
water
catch basin
greening
water storage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201621088806.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶少帆
金骞
田炜
瞿燕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201621088806.1U priority Critical patent/CN206128466U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206128466U publication Critical patent/CN206128466U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a green roof technology field especially relates to a roof retaining greening structure. It is including setting up planting groove and the catch basin that is used for planting the vegetation on the roof, plant the groove with catch basin bottom intercommunication. The utility model discloses in to set up the purpose of planting the groove and great or water when too much at the rainfall in order preventing, loose being destroyed of ground that leads to planting the inslot is moved along with rivers to the component of planting each layer of groove, is less than the water -storage layer who plants the inslot owing to plant tank bottom portion with highest water level in catch basin intercommunication and the catch basin simultaneously, thus this structure can reach the useful storage can prevent again to plant in the groove water too much and lead to the vegetation root system to be steeped mashed problem. In arid period, the rainwater of storing in the catch basin can be absorbed the utilization by plant roots.

Description

A kind of roof water storage greening structure
Technical field
The utility model is related to roof greening technology field, more particularly to a kind of roof water storage greening structure.
Background technology
With the increase of China's urban population, urban land is further rare.Completed region of the city ground can land use for greening get over Come less, to remove using roof greening be suddenly to improve urban residential environment method well under the background of somewhat expensive.And Roof greening is improved the effect such as roof heat insulation heat-proof quality, purify air while urban residential environment is improved, also.This Outward, as sponge urban construction is carried out energetically by China, roof greening is an important rain penetration and measure of regulating and storing.
But roof greening in deck due to carrying out vegetation plantation, therefore management service is inconvenient compared with ground greening, wherein The effect of the soil conservation moisture of roof greening is also relatively weak, needs frequently to be irrigated, the roof greening to upper zone Irrigation, increased the human cost of water consume, energy consumption and operation maintenance.On the other hand when rainy rainfall is larger, with sudden and violent Rain washes away, and makes the fertilizer applied in soil and soil as rainwater is together lost in, and while reducing fertilizer utilization efficiency, makes richness Nutrient laden material enters sewer pipe, pollutes urban water-body.
Therefore, how to propose it is a kind of can in the case where rainfall is larger by the roof water storage greening structure of rainwater-collecting, Man-made irrigation workload is big in solve prior art, and roof greening later maintenance cost is high, is that those skilled in the art need The technical problem to be solved.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of roof water storage greening structure, can solve the problem that in prior art and manually fills Irrigate workload big, and the high problem of roof greening later maintenance cost.
The purpose of this utility model also resides in a kind of roof water storage greening structure of proposition, can solve the problem that rainfall in prior art When larger, the fertilizer applied in soil and soil is flushed away the problem that urban water-body is polluted into sewer pipe.
It is that, up to this purpose, the utility model is employed the following technical solutions:
A kind of roof water storage greening structure is provided, including being arranged on roof planting groove and the retaining of planting vegetation are used for Groove, the planting groove is connected with the reservoir bases.
Preferably, the retaining groove height is less than the plantation groove height.
Preferably, being disposed with vegetation, plantation soil layer, filter layer, aquifer, mistake in the planting groove from top to bottom Filtering layer, drainage blanket, separation layer, root-resistant puncturing waterproof layer, waterproof layer.
Preferably, retaining groove height H is not higher than the retaining layer height h.
Preferably, also including water replanishing device, the tube outlet of the water replanishing device is located at catch basin top.
Preferably, the catch basin top is provided with cover plate.
Preferably, also including rhone, the rhone is made up of parapet with the waterwall of the catch basin, described Draining trench bottom is additionally provided with discharge pipe line, and the discharge pipe line top is provided with inlet for stom water.
Preferably, the aquifer by can water-storage material constitute, it is described can water-storage material be provided with filter layer up and down, It is described can water-storage material be made up of any one or several in cobble, haydite, sand, gravel.
Preferably, the aquifer is drain bar, and the quantity of the drain bar is no less than one, the retaining thickness Degree is not less than 80mm.
Preferably, the aquifer thickness is 80mm~300mm;The thickness of the drainage blanket is 5mm~50mm.
The utility model beneficial effect:
It is to save irrigation water and mitigate manual maintenance work by rainwater-collecting that the utility model arranges the purpose of catch basin Make.
The purpose that planting groove is arranged in the utility model is, planting groove larger in rainfall or when pouring dilutional hyponatremia in order to prevent The component of each layer causes the ground in planting groove loosely to be destroyed by rush of water with water flowing, simultaneously because plantation trench bottom is connected with catch basin And the peak level in catch basin is less than the aquifer in planting groove, thus the construction can either useful storage be prevented from kind again Plant the dilutional hyponatremia in groove and cause vegetation root system to be steeped rotten problem.In period of drought, the rainwater of storage can be by catch basin Root system of plant is absorbed.
Simultaneously roofing catch basin can also avoid the fertilizer applied in roof planting groove as rainfall is lost in rapidly, can be with Moisture to rest in catch basin together by plant slow-absorbing.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the roof water storage greening structure that the utility model is provided.
In figure:
1st, vegetation is planted;2nd, catch basin;3rd, planting groove;4th, soil layer is planted;5th, aquifer;6th, filter layer;7th, drainage blanket;8、 Separation layer;9th, root-resistant puncturing waterproof layer;10th, waterproof layer;11st, water replanishing device;12nd, rhone;13rd, parapet;14th, waterwall; 15th, discharge pipe line;16th, inlet for stom water;17th, retaining wall;18th, water hole;19th, roofing essential structure layer;20th, roof structure basic unit.
Specific embodiment
In order that those skilled in the art more fully understand the technical solution of the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and pass through Specific embodiment is further illustrating the technical solution of the utility model.
As shown in figure 1, providing a kind of roof water storage greening structure in the present embodiment, it includes being arranged on roof is used for The planting groove 3 of plantation vegetation 1 and the catch basin 2 of collection rainwater, the planting groove 3 is connected with the bottom of the catch basin 2.Wherein Planting groove 3 is surrounded by retaining wall 17, and catch basin 2 is then surrounded by waterwall 14, retaining wall 17, planting groove 3 and storage in the present embodiment Connected by water hole 18 between tank 2, i.e., the bottom of retaining wall 17 is provided with least one water hole 18 and makes catch basin 2 with plantation Groove 3 is connected.
Water hole 18 connects planting groove 3 with catch basin 2, and the peak level in catch basin is less than the retaining in planting groove The height of layer 5, is prevented from planting groove 3 arid that water causes less in rotten of vegetation caused by dilutional hyponatremia or implant system.
Also include water replanishing device 11 in the present embodiment, wherein water replanishing device 11 is connected with running water pipe, arranges water replanishing device 11 purpose is, in order to the moisturizing of catch basin 2, when local weather is in arid, can to pass through water replanishing device 11 to catch basin 2 Interior moisturizing, the step of further eliminate man-made irrigation.Arid liquid level, arid liquid level are provided with the present embodiment in catch basin 2 Place is provided with the liquid level sensor of detection liquid level, and liquid level sensor is connected with controller, and in controller control water replanishing device Water compensating valve is opened and closed.When liquid level is less than arid liquid level in liquid level sensor detects catch basin 2, controller can control water compensating valve and hold Open as the moisturizing of catch basin 2.
Additionally, the roof water storage greening structure includes rhone 12, rhone 12 is by parapet 13 and the dash of catch basin Wall 14 is constituted, and peak level height (i.e. retaining groove height) of catch basin 2 is less than the height of aquifer 5 in planting groove 3, i.e. dash The height of wall 14 is less than the height of aquifer 5 in planting groove 3, and the height of waterwall 14 so can less than the height of parapet 13 Ensure that unnecessary water is covered in rhone 12 from the top of waterwall 14, while preventing root system of plant to be immersed in aquifer 5 It is interior.When overhead height of the height of water level in catch basin 2 beyond waterwall 18, the water in catch basin 2 crosses waterwall 18 Top is flowed in rhone 12, it should be noted that the Main Function of rhone 12 is to be discharged excessive rainwater.
In order to make the water in rhone 12 be discharged in time, the bottom of rhone 12 is provided with discharge pipe line 15.Plantation After unnecessary water in groove 3 is flowed in catch basin 2, due to the limited height of catch basin 2, unnecessary water can flow rhone 12 again Interior, in order to mitigate roofing pressure, the water in rhone 12 needs to be discharged in time, is that this bottom of rhone 12 is provided with row Water lines 15, unnecessary water exits into sewer pipe from discharge pipe line 15.In order to prevent 15 mouthfuls of discharge pipe line from being fallen leaves or it He blocks impurity dirt, and the top of the discharge pipe line 15 is provided with inlet for stom water 16.
Further, the top of catch basin 2 is provided with cover plate.The purpose for arranging cover plate is to prevent in catch basin 2 water in high temperature Evaporation capacity is excessive under environment, while can also prevent the debris such as fallen leaves from falling in catch basin 2, affects water quality in catch basin 2.
Rhone 12, catch basin 2, planting groove 3 are located on roofing essential structure layer 19, and roofing essential structure layer 19 is located at In roof structure basic unit 20, roofing essential structure layer 13 includes heat-insulation layer, screed-coat, whole casting layer.
Include plantation vegetation 1, plantation soil layer 4, filter layer 6, the aquifer 5, mistake for setting gradually from top to bottom in planting groove 3 Filtering layer 6, drainage blanket 7, separation layer 8, root-resistant puncturing waterproof layer 9, waterproof layer 10.Wherein, the height H of catch basin 2 is less than aquifer 5 Height h and not less than 20mm, the top of waterwall 14 is the highest liquid that catch basin can reach to the distance of the bottom of catch basin 2 Position.
Aquifer 5 by can water-storage material constitute, can water-storage material be provided with filter layer 6 up and down and isolated with soil, Can water-storage material be made up of any one or several in cobble, haydite, sand, gravel.Filter layer 6 also can be by except non-woven fabrics or nothing Spin the other materials beyond cloth to constitute, such as geotextiles.Because the thickness of aquifer 5 needs to consider load and retaining, work as retaining Roof load is excessive when layer 5 is too thick, and too thin reached reservoir storage is limited, preferably, the thickness of aquifer 7 is in the present embodiment 80mm~300mm.Certainly aquifer 5 can also be drain bar in other embodiment, and wherein drain bar quantity is no less than one, when When drain bar is multiple, drain bar stacks successively setting.
Wherein, the material that above-mentioned drainage blanket 7 is adopted has row's (storage) water plate or row's (storage) water coiled material, and the thickness of drainage blanket is 10mm~50mm.
The roof water storage greening structure that the present embodiment is provided, in heavy showers, the rainwater permeated by roof greening can be with Store in catch basin 2.And in period of drought, by the capillarity for laying material void in aquifer 5, make the rain of storage Water is absorbed by root system of plant.
Note, general principle of the present utility model and principal character and of the present utility model excellent has been shown and described above Point.It should be understood by those skilled in the art that, the utility model is not limited to the embodiments described above, and above-mentioned embodiment and says Simply principle of the present utility model is illustrated described in bright book, on the premise of without departing from the utility model spirit and scope, this Utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements are both fallen within the range of claimed the utility model, Claimed scope of the present utility model is by appending claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of roof water storage greening structure, it is characterised in that be used for the planting groove for planting vegetation (1) including being arranged on roof (3) and catch basin (2), the planting groove (3) connects with the catch basin (2) bottom.
2. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the catch basin (2) is highly less than institute State planting groove (3) height.
3. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 2, it is characterised in that in the planting groove (3) from top to bottom It is disposed with vegetation (1), plantation soil layer (4), filter layer (6), aquifer (5), filter layer (6), drainage blanket (7), separation layer (8), root-resistant puncturing waterproof layer (9), waterproof layer (10).
4. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 3, it is characterised in that catch basin (2) the height H is not higher than Aquifer (5) the height h.
5. the roof water storage greening structure according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that also including water replanishing device (11), the tube outlet of the water replanishing device (11) is located at the catch basin (2) top.
6. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 5, it is characterised in that catch basin (2) top is provided with Cover plate.
7. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also including rhone (12), the row Tank (12) is made up of parapet (13) with the waterwall (14) of the catch basin (2), and rhone (12) bottom also sets up There is discharge pipe line (15), discharge pipe line (15) top is provided with inlet for stom water (16).
8. the roof water storage greening structure according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that the aquifer (5) is by can retaining Material is constituted, it is described can water-storage material be provided with filter layer (6) up and down, it is described can water-storage material by cobble, haydite, sand, gravel Any one or several compositions in stone.
9. the roof water storage greening structure according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that the aquifer (5) is draining Plate, and the quantity of the drain bar is no less than one, aquifer (5) thickness is not less than 80mm.
10. water storage greening structure in roof according to claim 8, it is characterised in that aquifer (5) thickness is 80mm ~300mm;The thickness of the drainage blanket (7) is 5mm~50mm.
CN201621088806.1U 2016-09-28 2016-09-28 Roof retaining greening structure Expired - Fee Related CN206128466U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621088806.1U CN206128466U (en) 2016-09-28 2016-09-28 Roof retaining greening structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621088806.1U CN206128466U (en) 2016-09-28 2016-09-28 Roof retaining greening structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206128466U true CN206128466U (en) 2017-04-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621088806.1U Expired - Fee Related CN206128466U (en) 2016-09-28 2016-09-28 Roof retaining greening structure

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN206128466U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106223551A (en) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-14 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of roof water storage greening structure
CN107864781A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-03 华北水利水电大学 The cultivation matrix structure and method of construction in roof rain water garden

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106223551A (en) * 2016-09-28 2016-12-14 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of roof water storage greening structure
CN107864781A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-03 华北水利水电大学 The cultivation matrix structure and method of construction in roof rain water garden

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170426

Termination date: 20190928

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee