CN209494139U - A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof - Google Patents

A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN209494139U
CN209494139U CN201822086627.XU CN201822086627U CN209494139U CN 209494139 U CN209494139 U CN 209494139U CN 201822086627 U CN201822086627 U CN 201822086627U CN 209494139 U CN209494139 U CN 209494139U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
drainpipe
waterproof
catch basin
absorbent wool
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201822086627.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张大瑞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Yuye Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Yuye Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Yuye Construction Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Yuye Construction Engineering Co Ltd
Priority to CN201822086627.XU priority Critical patent/CN209494139U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209494139U publication Critical patent/CN209494139U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of anti-roof afforestation structures of waterproof, it from top to bottom successively include plantation layer, waterproof layer one and anti-root layer, discharge structure and water storage structure are provided between plantation layer and waterproof layer one, discharge structure includes the horizontal drainpipe being arranged at intervals on the downside of plantation layer, the both ends of drainpipe are located at outside roof afforestation structure, the top of drainpipe is provided with leakage hole, water penetration geotextile layer is provided on the outside of drainpipe, water storage structure includes the absorbent wool that catch basin slot bottom is arranged in the catch basin being arranged in waterproof layer one and lower end, catch basin is connected to drainpipe, the upper end of absorbent wool is located in plantation layer.When the rainy day, rainwater is accumulated in catch basin, store it is full after, excessive water can be by drainpipe discharge structure outside, avoid flooded dead;When arid, the water in catch basin is supplied green plant by absorbent wool, avoids green plant drought dead.The utility model can drain but also water storage, reduces the green probability planted and occur that flood is dead and drought is dead, improves the survival probability of green plant.

Description

A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof
Technical field
The utility model relates to the anti-roof afforestation structures in roof greening technology field more particularly to a kind of waterproof.
Background technique
With the quickening of urbanization process, urban construction is at a tremendous pace, and multifarious high building stands in great numbers.However, the development in city So that greenery area is greatly decreased, the ecological environment in city has become the factor for restricting urban sustainable development, tropical island effect It is more and more significant.And green plants are one of the important measures for alleviating urban heat land effect.Roof wall surface ecological afforestation not only has Play the role of purifying air, alleviate urban heat land effect, but also has and slow down the afforestation effects such as rainfall runoff, therefore roof wall Face ecological afforestation is given more sustained attention by people.
Currently, roof afforestation structure is various, wherein waterproof and anti-design are very necessary.Waterproof setting can prevent rainwater It is lower to seep the use for influencing the intensity and house on roof.With the continuous growth of plant, root can constantly extend even to room On top, roof afforestation structure and roof structure can be destroyed, while being also unfavorable for the growth of plant.
In actual use, when rainfall is excessive, the root system of plant of roof afforestation structure is easy to happen flooded dead existing As;And when rainfall is very few, the dead phenomenon of drought occurs for the plant of roof afforestation structure.Therefore, in existing roof afforestation structure Growth of green plants survival rate is low, and draining and the water storage problem for how balancing roof afforestation structure are particularly significant.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof, can drain and water storage.
The above-mentioned purpose of the utility model has the technical scheme that a kind of anti-roof greening of waterproof Structure successively includes plantation layer, waterproof layer one and anti-root layer, the row of being provided between the plantation layer and waterproof layer one from top to bottom Water-bound and water storage structure, the discharge structure include the horizontal drainpipe being arranged at intervals on the downside of plantation layer, the draining The both ends of pipe are located at outside roof afforestation structure, and the top of the drainpipe is provided with leakage hole, are provided on the outside of the drainpipe Water penetration geotextile layer, the water storage structure include that the catch basin being arranged in waterproof layer one and lower end are arranged in catch basin slot The absorbent wool at bottom, the catch basin are connected to drainpipe, and the upper end of the absorbent wool is located in plantation layer.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting for planting layer, waterproof layer one and anti-root layer has roof afforestation structure Basic function and waterproof anti-effect.When the rainy day, the rainwater part in plantation layer can be imported by drainpipe to be connected with it Logical catch basin is saved, and after catch basin has been expired, excessive water can be discharged outside roof afforestation structure by drainpipe, is kept away Exempt from rainwater and plants the phenomenon that lamination tires out and leads to green plant rotten;In arid, absorbent wool can be supplied the water in catch basin It is used to the green plant of plantation layer, avoids green plant drought dead.Therefore, anti-roof afforestation structure of the waterproof of the utility model can both be arranged Water again can be with water storage, it is possible to reduce the green plant for planting layer flood occurs extremely with non-irrigated dead probability, improves the survival of the green plant of plantation layer Probability.
The utility model is further arranged to: filter layer is arranged between the plantation layer and waterproof layer one.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, plate is filtered to the water entered in drainpipe and catch basin, avoids impurity The use of drainpipe and catch basin is deposited and influenced in drainpipe and catch basin.Meanwhile filter layer can also be to from kind The water for planting layer is buffered.
The utility model is further arranged to: the upper surface of the waterproof layer one is provided with dashpot, and the dashpot is set It sets between two adjacent drainpipes, the notch of the dashpot is not higher than the leakage hole of lowest part on drainpipe.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting of dashpot can be buffered the water from plantation layer, avoid water It is largely discharged when measuring excessive.If be filter layer in the slot of dashpot, can to key in the water of drainpipe and dashpot into Row filtering.
The utility model is further arranged to: the upper end of the absorbent wool is set as diffusion tip, and the diffusion tip is by direction The absorbent wool of all directions forms.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting of diffusion tip can make absorbent wool supply greater area of plantation layer Water improves the water supply capacity of absorbent wool.
The utility model is further arranged to: the both ends of the drainpipe are provided with baffle, the closed drainpipe of baffle Both ends lower part, there are discharge outlet on the top at drainpipe both ends, form water storage cavity between drainpipe and the baffle at both ends.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the setting of baffle does not delay draining of the drainpipe to roof afforestation structure, simultaneously The water storage cavity that baffle and drainpipe are formed, can be improved the reservoir storage of water storage structure, be conducive to the storage for improving roof afforestation structure Outlet capacity.
The utility model is further arranged to: the absorbent wool passes through the connectivity part of drainpipe and catch basin, the water suction Cotton passes through leakage hole.
Make absorbent wool preferably by catch basin and draining convenient for the installation of absorbent wool by using above-mentioned technical proposal The green plant that water storage in pipe is conveyed in plantation layer uses.
The utility model is further arranged to: being provided with waterproof layer two on the downside of the anti-root layer.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the waterproof ability of roof afforestation structure is further increased.
The utility model is further arranged to: being provided with protective net on the upside of the plantation layer.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, the soil erosion of plantation layer is reduced, is especially improved under the conditions of stormy It plants layer and plants the stability of the green plant on layer.
In conclusion the advantageous effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, it by the setting of discharge structure and water storage structure, drain anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof not only can but also can be with There is the probability that flood is dead and drought is dead, improve the survival probability of the green plant of plantation layer in water storage, the green plant for reducing plantation layer;
2, the setting of filter layer and geotextile layer can be filtered the water for entering drainpipe and catch basin, avoid impurity Lead to drainpipe and reservoir cisco unity malfunction into siltation;
3, the setting of baffle makes have water storage cavity in drainpipe, can effectively improve the water-holding capacity of water storage structure.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the present embodiment.
Appended drawing reference: 1, layer is planted;2, waterproof layer one;3, anti-root layer;4, discharge structure;41, filter layer;42, drainpipe; 421, leakage hole;422, discharge outlet;43, geotextile layer;44, dashpot;5, water storage structure;51, catch basin;52, absorbent wool; 521, diffusion tip;53, baffle;54, water storage cavity;6, waterproof layer two;7, protective net.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.
Referring to Fig.1, it is a kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof disclosed by the utility model, from top to bottom successively includes anti- Protective net 7, plantation layer 1, waterproof layer 1, anti-root layer 3 and waterproof layer 26 further include setting between plantation layer 1 and waterproof layer 1 To the discharge structure 4 that is drained of water from plantation layer 1 and carry out the water storage structure 5 of water storage.The setting of protective net 7 can be with The stabilization of plantation layer 1 and green plant can be improved especially in stormy weather in a possibility that reducing plantation 1 soil erosion of layer Property.It is fixed with waterproof layer 26 on the downside of anti-root layer 3, further increases the waterproof ability of roof afforestation structure.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, discharge structure 4 includes filter layer 41, drainpipe 42, geotextile layer 43 and dashpot 44.Plantation Filter layer 41 is laid between layer 1 and waterproof layer, filter layer 41 can be sand stone layer, the water from plantation layer 1 is filtered and Buffering.The bottom of filter layer 41 is fixed to be equipped with horizontal drainpipe 42, and the bottom of drainpipe 42 and waterproof layer 1 abut, row The setting of the interval of water pipe 42.The top of drainpipe 42, which is spaced apart, is equipped with leakage hole 421, and leakage hole 421 is uniformly distributed.The both ends of drainpipe 42 Outside roof afforestation structure.The outside of drainpipe 42 is coated with water penetration geotextiles and forms geotextile layer 43, avoids impurity stifled It fills in leakage hole 421 or enters in drainpipe 42 and deposit.The upper surface of waterproof layer 1 offers the dashpot 44 being spaced apart, Dashpot 44 is between two adjacent drainpipes 42, the leakage hole of lowest part on the notch and drainpipe 42 of dashpot 44 421 bottom is concordant, can be buffered and be improved filter effect to the water in plantation layer 1.
Referring to Figures 1 and 2, water storage structure 5 includes catch basin 51, absorbent wool 52, baffle 53 and water storage cavity 54.Waterproof layer one 2 tops open up catch basin 51, and the top of catch basin 51 is connected to drainpipe 42, the setting of the interval of catch basin 51.The two of drainpipe 42 End is integrally formed with baffle 53, the lower part of the end of the closed drainpipe 42 of baffle 53, and making the top at 42 both ends of drainpipe, there are rows Water storage cavity 54 is formed between the baffle 53 at the mouth of a river 422, drainpipe 42 and both ends.The bottom end of absorbent wool 52 and the slot bottom of catch basin 51 Wall is fixedly connected.Absorbent wool 52 sequentially passes through the connectivity part of drainpipe 42 and catch basin 51, drainpipe 42 and leak from top to bottom Hole 421.The upper end of absorbent wool 52 is embedded in plantation layer 1.The upper end of absorbent wool 52 is provided with diffusion tip 521, diffusion tip 521 by Towards all directions absorbent wool 52 form, expand 52 pairs of absorbent wool plantation layers 1 for water area.
The implementation principle of the present embodiment are as follows: when the rainy day, the water planted in layer 1 is carried out by filter layer 41 and geotextile layer 43 Filtering enters in drainpipe 42, and water is accumulated in catch basin 51 and water storage cavity 54 first, store it is full after, excessive water can be through The discharge outlet 422 for crossing the both ends of drainpipe 42 is discharged outside roof afforestation structure, and rainwater is avoided to lead to green plant in the accumulation of plantation layer 1 Rotten and the dead phenomenon of flood;In arid, the water in catch basin 51 and water storage cavity 54 can be supplied to plantation layer 1 by absorbent wool 52 Green plant use, avoid green plants drought extremely.Anti- roof afforestation structure of the waterproof can not only drain but also can be with water storage, it is possible to reduce kind There is the probability that flood is dead and drought is dead in the green plant for planting layer 1, improves the survival probability of the green plant of plantation layer 1.
The embodiment of present embodiment is the preferred embodiment of the utility model, and not limitation is originally practical new according to this The protection scope of type, therefore: the equivalence changes that all structures, shape, principle according to the utility model are done should all be covered by practical Within novel protection scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof successively includes plantation layer (1), waterproof layer one (2) and anti-root layer from top to bottom (3), it is characterised in that: it is provided with discharge structure (4) and water storage structure (5) between the plantation layer (1) and waterproof layer one (2), The discharge structure (4) includes the horizontal drainpipe (42) being arranged at intervals on the downside of plantation layer (1), the drainpipe (42) Both ends are located at outside roof afforestation structure, and the top of the drainpipe (42) is provided with leakage hole (421), and the drainpipe (42) is outside Side is provided with water penetration geotextile layer (43), and the water storage structure (5) includes the catch basin (51) being arranged in waterproof layer one (2) And lower end setting, in the absorbent wool (52) of catch basin (51) slot bottom, the catch basin (51) is connected to drainpipe (42), described The upper end of absorbent wool (52) is located in plantation layer (1).
2. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the plantation layer (1) and Filter layer (41) are set between waterproof layer one (2).
3. according to claim 1 with a kind of 2 described in any item anti-roof afforestation structures of waterproof, it is characterised in that: it is described anti- The upper surface of water layer one (2) is provided with dashpot (44), the dashpot (44) setting two adjacent drainpipes (42) it Between, the notch of the dashpot (44) is not higher than the leakage hole (421) of lowest part on drainpipe (42).
4. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the absorbent wool (52) Upper end is set as diffusion tip (521), and the diffusion tip (521) is made of the absorbent wool (52) towards all directions.
5. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the drainpipe (42) Both ends are provided with baffle (53), the lower part at the both ends of the closed drainpipe of the baffle (53) (42), drainpipe (42) both ends it is upper There are discharge outlet (422) in portion, form water storage cavity (54) between drainpipe (42) and the baffle (53) at both ends.
6. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the absorbent wool (52) is worn The connectivity part of drainpipe (42) and catch basin (51) is crossed, the absorbent wool (52) passes through leakage hole (421).
7. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the anti-root layer (3) Downside is provided with waterproof layer two (6).
8. anti-roof afforestation structure of a kind of waterproof according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: plantation layer (1) Upside is provided with protective net (7).
CN201822086627.XU 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof Expired - Fee Related CN209494139U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822086627.XU CN209494139U (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822086627.XU CN209494139U (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209494139U true CN209494139U (en) 2019-10-15

Family

ID=68152890

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201822086627.XU Expired - Fee Related CN209494139U (en) 2018-12-12 2018-12-12 A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209494139U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112031285A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-12-04 天津城建大学 Soil layered paving method for roof garden
CN112302261A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-02 上海临河建设有限公司 Method for building ecological roof system and ecological roof system structure
CN113123536A (en) * 2021-04-22 2021-07-16 中国农业科学院都市农业研究所 City roof water storage plant apparatus for producing

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112031285A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-12-04 天津城建大学 Soil layered paving method for roof garden
CN112302261A (en) * 2020-11-27 2021-02-02 上海临河建设有限公司 Method for building ecological roof system and ecological roof system structure
CN113123536A (en) * 2021-04-22 2021-07-16 中国农业科学院都市农业研究所 City roof water storage plant apparatus for producing

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106978839B (en) A kind of sponge urban rainwater collection purification utilization integrated system
CN206143715U (en) Hydraulic engineering ecological protection slope
CN209494139U (en) A kind of anti-roof afforestation structure of waterproof
CN206090587U (en) School dropout's attitude system of watering is gathered to side slope
CN206452786U (en) A kind of slope greening ground self-priming structure
CN105839582A (en) Controllable slow flow pollutant interception circulating module system based on sponge city construction
CN104088410B (en) Roof biological energy-saving and heat-insulating system
CN206433417U (en) Sponge urban ecology grass planting ditch
CN210202763U (en) Sponge urban green belt
CN205024706U (en) Ecological bank protection of landscape design
CN208029772U (en) A kind of roof afforestation structure
CN207512656U (en) A kind of road green belt system
CN105464190A (en) Green space rain sewage reuse system
CN205934646U (en) Water conservancy system
CN206128466U (en) Roof retaining greening structure
CN206052848U (en) Blood circulation is irrigated in a kind of efficient farmland rain penetration
CN107869183A (en) Concave herbaceous field structure
CN205848070U (en) Landscape belt is stagnant stores filter exhaust system
CN207794001U (en) Typical trough valley sloped region " retaining reference " flood prevention and soil conservation utilizes system with water resource
CN208590349U (en) A kind of sponge road sinks formula greenbelt
CN207404946U (en) Comprehensive ecological wet land system
CN205865301U (en) Easily assemble ecological roof device
CN205682111U (en) A kind of sloped roof planting technique module
CN107642203A (en) It is a kind of that there is self-cleaning, the Green Roof structure of dephosphorization ability
CN207469616U (en) A kind of Green Roof structure with self-cleaning, dephosphorization ability

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20191015

Termination date: 20211212