CN203866271U - Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203866271U
CN203866271U CN201420286187.1U CN201420286187U CN203866271U CN 203866271 U CN203866271 U CN 203866271U CN 201420286187 U CN201420286187 U CN 201420286187U CN 203866271 U CN203866271 U CN 203866271U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dehydration
banana
segment
dewatering device
rubbing
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420286187.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊军庆
林勇
张馨月
张宝珍
樊晨曦
郑世普
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Hainan University
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Hainan University
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Priority to CN201420286187.1U priority Critical patent/CN203866271U/en
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Publication of CN203866271U publication Critical patent/CN203866271U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model discloses a banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine, which is provided with an inclined loading mechanism [1], wherein an inclined multistage dehydration mechanism is arranged behind the loading mechanism [1]; a water collection tank [22] is arranged under the multistage dehydration mechanism; a feeding wheel [8], a cutting platform [21] and a hob cutting mechanism [11] are arranged at the rear part of a final dehydration drum [7]; a rubbing crushing mechanism [14] is arranged below the cutting mechanism [11]; a collection hopper [15] is arranged under the rubbing crushing mechanism [14]; a screw extrusion forming mechanism [16] is arranged at the lower part of the collection hopper [15]; a shearing device [18] is arranged at the discharge port end of the screw extrusion forming mechanism [16]. The machine has the benefits that the dehydration, crushing and extrusion forming of banana cauloids can be organically combined, and integral banana cauloids can be completely processed at one time, so that procedures for processing the banana cauloids to produce a fuel are automated; meanwhile, the sizes of the banana cauloids are reduced to facilitate transportation.

Description

A kind of banana caulo dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of banana caulo processing units, is specifically related to a kind of banana caulo dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine.
Background technology
Banana belongs to Musaceae banana, is the frequently seen plants in Subtropic of China area.Its plant is large-scale draft, forms the false bar of 3~6 meters long from root stock to leaf sheath bottom, and banana variety is various, and its false stem length of different types of banana and cross-sectional diameter be difference to some extent.Banana is mainly transplanted to raise up seed by root.
Banana industry is the agriculture mainstay industry in Subtropic of China area, and China's banana place of production is mainly distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Yunnan and Hainan.Banana industry is substantially realized at present the mechanization production of the important production links such as arable land, whole ground, plantation, irrigation, fertilising, plant protection and results and is processed; but the follow-up mechanize processing horizontal for bulky banana stalk is also in the research and probe stage, and this has restricted the large-scale development of banana industry and sideline production thereof.
Banana stalk (false stem and leaf) is the main byproduct of banana, and it is considerable that it recycles value.But domestic to the mature technology of the recycling of banana stalk also seldom, this is perplexing the development of banana industry and by-product industry thereof always.To the general treatment process of banana stalk, be in the laggard pedestrian's work felling of results banana and excavation at present, stalk is moved to the stacking of limit, field or transported burning, the method labour intensity is high, expend a large amount of manpowers, and stacking takies very large place, reduced cultivated land utilization rate, severe contamination the inside and outside ecotope of banana garden.Therefore, study a kind of equipment by the effective recycling of banana stalk and there is great realistic meaning.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is a kind of banana caulo dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine.The utility model can dewater to banana caulo, pulverizing, extrusion molding, becomes fuel.Not only solved the reluctant problems such as a large amount of banana caulo floor spaces are large, contaminate environment, energy fuel is provided again, also making banana caulo processing is simultaneously that the operation of fuel has realized automatization, has reduced cost of labor, has improved production efficiency.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: the feed mechanism that is provided with inclination, feed mechanism rear is provided with the multistage dewatering device of tiltably-mounted, under multistage dewatering device, be provided with water leg, final stage dehydration cylinder rear portion is provided with feeding-wheel and segment platform and hobboing cutter segment mechanism, the below of segment mechanism is provided with rubbing type disintegrator structure, under rubbing type disintegrator structure, be provided with aggregate bin, aggregate bin bottom is provided with screw extruding shaping mechanism, and the discharge port end of screw extruding builder is provided with a shear.
Every grade of dewatering device of described multistage dewatering device is comprised of upper cylinder and bottom roll, and the gap between the up-down roller of dewatering devices at different levels is from bottom to top ratio and reduces successively.
In described hobboing cutter segment mechanism, be provided with segment stationary knife and segment hobboing cutter, segment hobboing cutter is fixed on cutter shaft.
Described rubbing type disintegrator structure is provided with two and rubs axle, rubs the hammer leaf of rubbing that axle is provided with spiral, and the tank wall of rubbing type disintegrator structure is provided with dental lamina.
Described screw extruding builder is provided with the screw rod of gradient pitch, and the rear portion of screw rod is provided with whipping appts.
Described shear, is comprised of four rotating blades.
Banana caulo is placed in the charge hoisting by belt conveyer mechanism of inclination, under the effect of feed belt, false stem carries out processed by carrying entrance to enter dewatering device.First false stem passes through first step dewatering device, and upper cylinder is rotated counterclockwise, and bottom roll turns clockwise.Two drum rotatings are brought false stem into dehydration guide rail simultaneously, false stem are carried out to rolling to a certain degree simultaneously, and the moisture of deviating from flows into the water leg of below, territory, drying zone.Then false stem successively second and third, four ... rolling under transmission effect of level cylinder, completes processed operation.Roll the false stem of the flats obtaining after dehydration under the booster action of feeding-wheel, be admitted to hobboing cutter segment mechanism, cutter shaft is counterclockwise high speed rotating, segment hobboing cutter matches with segment stationary knife the false stem of flats is carried out to segment processing, false stem after the section of being cut into shape, throws and enters in rubbing type disintegrator structure.Two rub axle relatively rotates, with the rotation hammer leaf action on moving axis, the false stem of section shape is pulverized to strike, make to tear through false stem epidermis and the stipes of blade segment, simultaneously with tank wall on dental lamina contact process in be squeezed and rub to produce and rub, form soft filament, realize separating twice.Thread false stem after the rubbing hammer leaf and make to pulverize of spiral is sent to rear end by the front end of rubbing type disintegrator structure in addition, enters the extruding cabin of screw extruding shaping mechanism by aggregate bin.Under the pushing effect of the rotating paddle of thread false stem on moulding extrusion screw, advance vertically, advance in process, thread false stem, under the screw acting of gradient pitch, forms huge squeeze, makes thread false stem constantly compressed and be sent to whipping appts under external force.A small amount of moisture of producing flow to from water shoot water leg after by strainer filtering and discharges after water exhaust system is processed at screw extruding and in being uniformly mixed process.Through stir and second dehydration after false stem, from the discharge hole of screw extrusion molding mechanism, be column and be extruded, the column material being extruded is cut off into little cylindrical material piece under the effect of shear.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: can dewater to banana caulo, pulverizing, extrusion molding organically combine, can carry out disposable processing completely to complete banana caulo, the reluctant problems such as a large amount of banana caulo floor spaces are large, contaminate environment have not only been solved, energy fuel is provided again, also make banana caulo processing is that the operation of fuel has realized automatization simultaneously, reduce cost of labor, improved production efficiency.Also make banana caulo smaller volume, convenient transportation simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model embodiment banana caulo dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine.
Figure Zhong1. charge hoisting by belt conveyer mechanism 2. carries de-aquatic cylinder 5. second stage dewatering device 6. third stage dewatering device 7. fourth stage dewatering device 8. feeding-wheel 9. segment stationary knife 10. segment hobboing cutter 11. hobboing cutter segment mechanism 12. cutter shafts 13. of entrance 3. first step dewatering device 4. first step to rub axle 14. rubbing type disintegrator structure 15. aggregate bin 16. extrusion body 17. extruding electric motor 18. shears 19. and rubs electric motor 20 dehydration motor 21. segment platform 22. water leg 23 dehydration guide rail 24. first step dehydration bottom roll 25. material loading electric motor.
Embodiment
Be provided with the feed mechanism 1 of inclination, feed mechanism 1 rear is provided with the multistage dewatering device of tiltably-mounted, under multistage dewatering device, be provided with water leg 22, final stage dehydration cylinder 7 rear portions are provided with feeding-wheel 8 and segment platform 21 and hobboing cutter segment mechanism 11, the below of segment mechanism 11 is provided with rubbing type disintegrator structure 14, under rubbing type disintegrator structure 14, be provided with aggregate bin 15, aggregate bin 15 bottoms are provided with screw extruding shaping mechanism 16, and the discharge port end of screw extruding builder 16 is provided with a shear 18.
Every grade of dewatering device of described multistage dewatering device is comprised of upper cylinder 4 and bottom roll 24, and the gap between the up-down roller of dewatering devices at different levels is from bottom to top ratio and reduces successively.
In described hobboing cutter segment mechanism 11, establish segment stationary knife 9 and segment hobboing cutter 11, segment hobboing cutter 11 is fixed on cutter shaft 12.
Described rubbing type disintegrator structure 14 is provided with two and rubs axle 13, rubs the hammer leaf of rubbing that axle 13 is provided with spiral, and the tank wall of rubbing type disintegrator structure is provided with dental lamina.
Described screw extruding builder 16 is provided with the screw rod of gradient pitch, and the rear portion of screw rod is provided with whipping appts.
Described shear 18, is comprised of four rotating blades.
Banana caulo is placed in the charge hoisting by belt conveyer mechanism 1 of inclination, under the effect of feed belt, false stem carries out processed by carrying entrance 2 to enter dewatering device.First false stem passes through first step dewatering device 3, and upper cylinder 4 is rotated counterclockwise, and bottom roll 24 turns clockwise.Two drum rotatings are brought false stem into dehydration guide rail 23 simultaneously, false stem are carried out to rolling to a certain degree simultaneously, and the moisture of deviating from flows into the water leg 22 of below, territory, drying zone.Then false stem successively second and third, four, level cylinder 5,6,7 ... roll under transmission effect, complete processed operation.Roll the false stem of the flats obtaining after dehydration under the booster action of feeding-wheel 8, be admitted to hobboing cutter segment mechanism 11, cutter shaft 12 is counterclockwise high speed rotating, segment hobboing cutter 13 matches with segment stationary knife 9 the false stem of flats is carried out to segment processing, false stem after the section of being cut into shape, throws and enters in rubbing type disintegrator structure 14.Two rub axle 13 relatively rotates, with the rotation hammer leaf action on moving axis, the false stem of section shape is pulverized to strike, make to tear through false stem epidermis and the stipes of blade segment, simultaneously with tank wall on dental lamina contact process in be squeezed and rub to produce and rub, form soft filament, realize separating twice.Thread false stem after the rubbing hammer leaf and make to pulverize of spiral is sent to rear end by the front end of rubbing type disintegrator structure 14 in addition, enters the extruding cabin of screw extruding shaping mechanism 16 by aggregate bin 15.Under the pushing effect of the rotating paddle of thread false stem on moulding extrusion screw, advance vertically, advance in process, thread false stem, under the screw acting of gradient pitch, forms huge squeeze, makes thread false stem constantly compressed and be sent to whipping appts under external force.A small amount of moisture of producing is discharged flowing to water leg 22 from water shoot after by strainer filtering after water exhaust system is processed at screw extruding and in being uniformly mixed process.Through stir and second dehydration after false stem, from the discharge hole of screw extrusion molding mechanism 16, be column and be extruded, the column material being extruded is cut off into little cylindrical material piece under the effect of shear 18.

Claims (2)

1. banana caulo dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine, it is characterized in that: the feed mechanism (1) that is provided with inclination, feed mechanism (1) rear is provided with the multistage dewatering device of tiltably-mounted, under multistage dewatering device, be provided with water leg (22), final stage dehydration cylinder (7) rear portion is provided with feeding-wheel (8) and segment platform (21) and hobboing cutter segment mechanism (11), the below of segment mechanism (11) is provided with rubbing type disintegrator structure (14), under rubbing type disintegrator structure (14), be provided with aggregate bin (15), aggregate bin (15) bottom is provided with screw extruding shaping mechanism (16), the discharge port end of screw extruding builder (16) is provided with a shear (18),
Every grade of dewatering device of described multistage dewatering device is comprised of upper cylinder (4) and bottom roll (24), and the gap between the up-down roller of dewatering devices at different levels is from bottom to top ratio and reduces successively;
In described hobboing cutter segment mechanism (11), establish segment stationary knife (9) and segment hobboing cutter (11), segment hobboing cutter (11) is fixed on cutter shaft (12);
Described rubbing type disintegrator structure (14) comprises two and rubs axle (13), rubs the hammer leaf of rubbing that axle (13) is provided with spiral, and the tank wall of rubbing type disintegrator structure is provided with dental lamina;
Described screw extruding builder (16) is provided with the screw rod of gradient pitch, and the rear portion of screw rod is provided with whipping appts;
Described shear (18), is comprised of four rotating blades.
2. banana caulo according to claim 1 dehydration comminution of fuel forming integrated machine, is characterized in that: shear (18) replaces with by 2,3 or 6 rotating blades and forms.
CN201420286187.1U 2014-06-01 2014-06-01 Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine Expired - Fee Related CN203866271U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420286187.1U CN203866271U (en) 2014-06-01 2014-06-01 Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420286187.1U CN203866271U (en) 2014-06-01 2014-06-01 Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104527122A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 海南大学 Variable spiral type combined solid forming machine for banana stems
CN105238476A (en) * 2014-06-01 2016-01-13 海南大学 Banana pesudostem dehydration smashing fuel moulding all-in-one machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105238476A (en) * 2014-06-01 2016-01-13 海南大学 Banana pesudostem dehydration smashing fuel moulding all-in-one machine
CN104527122A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 海南大学 Variable spiral type combined solid forming machine for banana stems

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141008

Termination date: 20150601

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model