CN101934286B - Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process - Google Patents

Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101934286B
CN101934286B CN2010102698289A CN201010269828A CN101934286B CN 101934286 B CN101934286 B CN 101934286B CN 2010102698289 A CN2010102698289 A CN 2010102698289A CN 201010269828 A CN201010269828 A CN 201010269828A CN 101934286 B CN101934286 B CN 101934286B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
enteromorpha
connects
filter
machine
screen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010102698289A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101934286A (en
Inventor
周荣
虞宗敢
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
Original Assignee
Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS filed Critical Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
Priority to CN2010102698289A priority Critical patent/CN101934286B/en
Publication of CN101934286A publication Critical patent/CN101934286A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101934286B publication Critical patent/CN101934286B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for performing resource mechanical treatment on entermorpha on a large scale and a related process thereof. The entermorpha resource treatment device is characterized in that: a water filtering conveyer (1) is connected with a hydration crusher (2), and the hydration crusher (2) is connected with a waste liquid filter (7) and a roller dryer (6) respectively, wherein the roller dryer (6) is connected with a fluidizing dryer (3); the fluidizing dryer (3) is connected with a cutting crusher (5); and the cutting crusher (5) is connected with a granulating and forming machine (4). In an entire production line for machining the treatment device, the equipment of the prior art, the improvement on the prior art, the technology disclosed by the invention and the technology to be protected by the invention are partially adopted; and thus the complete production line is connected, a device system which can perform mechanical entermorpha resource treatment on a large scale is provided, technological requirements in related operation are met, and the aims of efficiently and rapidly treating the entermorpha, reducing the cost and making the transportation convenient are fulfilled.

Description

A kind of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling and related process
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Enteromorpha recycling treatment field, especially relate to the device and the process thereof of Enteromorpha in enormous quantities being carried out the resource mechanical treatment.
Background technology
So-called " resource " is meant refuse directly utilized or refuse is carried out regeneration as raw material that resource is the important content of recycling economy.
Enteromorpha is a genus of Chlorophyta Chlorophyceae Ulvaceae, is a kind of breeding economic algae rapidly, the frond grass green, and tubulose is membranous, grows thickly, and major branch is obvious, and branch is elongated, 1 meter of Gao Keda.The Enteromorpha abundant nutrients; Protein content is 13.21%; Fat is 1.04%, and moisture is 21.87%, is the raw material of a kind of high protein, high dietary-fiber, low fat, the low-yield and natural desirable nutraceutical that minerals and vitamins content is abundant.
Enteromorpha can be bred in northern coastal area whenever spring and summer in a large number, and a large amount of Enteromorpha algal tufa phenomenons appearred in 2008 in marine site, China Qingdao, because of it measures big; Moisture content is high; Be prone to take place characteristics such as corruption,, arise suddenly on a large scale to it owing to there is not good professional equipment that it is effectively handled; Not only be not used well, formed a kind of negative disaster on the contrary.People had mainly taked the processing mode of roping landfill at that time; Directly landfill is in the mine on ground such as Laixi; This has not singly taken local land resource; Polluted air, soil and the water body of landfill periphery, improved the probability of insect outburst, made that also this high-quality renewable resource of Enteromorpha is not developed fully.Present situation and own characteristic to the outburst of Enteromorpha.Research Enteromorpha minimizing, innoxious, resource treatment technique and equipment, to reducing environmental pollution, efficent use of resources has positive meaning, and the development of the ocean recycling economy of China is had important effect.
China market is produced the resource of Enteromorpha and is carried out among a small circle at present, produces chain and mainly is divided into high-end and two aspects of low side.Mainly concentrate on biomass fertilizers, biomass energy and feed on the development of low side production chain; In the production process of fertilizer; Because restraining factors such as the particularity of the not continuation of raw material sources and Enteromorpha character has caused that this production chain cost of transportation is big, equipment is not general and market is insufficient; Be difficult to extensively promote, thereby the project marketing that can't form industrial chain and the template type of system has reached the target of profit.Enteromorpha system biomass energy also is confined to the small-scale experimental stage, does not form to produce chain.The product of high-end production chain mainly contains food and additive, medicine, the extraction of Enteromorpha bioactivator and four aspects of engineering material.The product form of food and additive thereof mainly is to be the Enteromorpha powder, and technological process is added the Enteromorpha powder that forms in cake, wheaten food, the fruit juice etc. to for through simple salvaging, compression and drying steps.The production of feed is same because factors such as equipment is not general, manufacturing cost height, causes general feeds can produce 100 tons but enteromorpha feed can only be produced 5 tons low speed situation in one day in one day.Engineering material, medicine and bioactivator extract these several respects just stops in research state.
There are generality characteristics such as certain sliding property, normality light specific gravity on, surface big owing to involving between high, the easy corruption of bright Enteromorpha moisture content, individuality; Lack professional equipment situation under; Cause the expensive property of its processing and restricted its output, caused being interrupted of follow-up resource processing chain.
The Enteromorpha fiber of China's Coastal Areas outburst is thicker, be not suitable for edible, and since wild Enteromorpha because of being mixed with other pasture and water and silt, mouthfeel is very poor.As it is carried out food processing, not only can cause secondary cleaning to pollute, and can't realize basically the removal of other pasture and water.Because its outburst amount is very huge, need carry out the processing of pre-treatment rapidly, also be unfavorable for handling like complex process equipment.Therefore the deep processing direction to the Enteromorpha main processing after the outburst is feed processing, bio-feritlizer and biomass energy processing mode.For adapting to such development processing mode, then need carry out necessary pre-treatment to material, satisfy the requirement of following process.This pre-treatment mode requires output big, and energy consumption is low, and relative adaptability is wide, but to material purity requirement not high relatively.
At existing processes and equipment generally all is being main to the consumption Enteromorpha.The Processes and apparatus that some fragmentary processing that some producers carry out are used neither be quite reasonable, and processing cost is quite high, has restricted the development of its industry.For example, publication number CN101596008A " a kind of processing method of enteromorpha products and processing unit (plant) " has proposed a kind of technical scheme that food products is used that is only applicable to, and can not solve the problem of just having dragged in the Enteromorpha pre-treatment in enormous quantities.
Because implication is bigger between its material individuality of bright Enteromorpha, all be to occur, so to carrying with fine mesh form in blocks; Dehydration; Drying, aspects such as pulverizing affect, under the situation of the conveying equipment that does not have specialty; Cause the bridging of Enteromorpha easily and skid, make material can't accomplish continuous conveying in a large number; Dewatering efficiency reduces, poor continuity, and bring bigger energy consumption pressure for subsequent drying, the Enteromorpha that processes is bulk shape, greatly reduces the capacity of its unit volume, has increased transportation and use cost.Therefore, press for a kind of change system and process requirement of Enteromorpha being carried out recycling treatment by machinery is provided.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to produce needs, a kind of device and process thereof of carrying out the Mechanized Processing pre-treatment is provided the Enteromorpha that salvages for satisfying follow-up resource depths reason (feed processing, biological chemical fertilizer, biomass energy produce etc.).
The object of the invention is realized by following technical scheme.
A kind of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling is characterized in that said device comprises and be connected machinery as follows successively:
The drainage conveyer connects the dehydration disintegrating machine, and the dehydration disintegrating machine connects liquid waste filter and roller drier respectively, and wherein roller drier connects the fluidized drying machine, and pulverizer is cut off in the connection of fluidized drying machine, cuts off pulverizer and connects the pelletizing forming machine;
Said drainage conveyer is a Shaftless screw conveyor;
Said dehydration disintegrating machine is the twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine;
Said pelletizing forming machine is a ring die pelleter.
Further, the structure of said liquid waste filter is:
One straight barrel type internal layer fie screen is set in vertical drum type brake cylindrical shell; The internal layer fie screen is fixed on outer passing through on the liquid skeleton; The internal axis of internal layer fie screen is provided with a spiral gyroaxis, and the edge of spiral gyroaxis is a hairbrush, the net wall of hairbrush contact internal layer fie screen;
The bottom of cylindrical shell is the downward taper shape of the vertex of a cone, and the vertex of a cone is drawn sludge outlet, and disposes the valve of slagging tap;
The top of cylindrical shell is provided with cover, at the circle centre position of cover the reducing motor that drives the spiral gyroaxis is set, and on cover, offers inlet, connects and establishes Pressure gauge;
Barrel on cylindrical shell top is offered purified liquor outlet, disposes liquid valve on the purified liquor outlet.
Further again, the linear velocity of said spiral gyroaxis hairbrush end is 0.1m/s-0.4m/s, and the net of internal layer fie screen directly is the 50-250 order, cylinder lumen pressure 0.1-0.5Mpa.
Further; The structure of said Shaftless screw conveyor is: do not have the axle screw auger and be configured in the liner screen tube; The lower half outer ring of liner screen tube is outer filter and water leg successively; Do not have the tail end of axle screw auger, on the liner filter screen, offer downward discharging opening, and pass outer filter and water leg; Do not have the top of axle screw auger, on water leg, offer downward row's filtrate port, on the liner filter screen, offer feeding port upwards;
The a plurality of apertures of distribution are the permeable aperture of 2-5mm on the liner filter screen, and percent opening is at 10%-30%;
The aperture of the online a plurality of strips that distribute of metafiltration outside, its width is 1-5mm, and length is 5-15mm, and percent opening is at 20%-40%.
A kind of technology of the processing equipment for recycling of Enteromorpha according to claim 1 is characterized in that its dry-heat air temperature of said roller drier is 200-350 ℃, and wind speed is 0.5-2m/s, and the moisture of dry back Enteromorpha is 35%-45%; Said its baking temperature of fluidized drying machine is 100-150 ℃, and the perforation wind speed is 1.0-2.5m/s, and dried water content is 10%-15%.
A kind of technology of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling is characterized in that the Enteromorpha 95% that said cut-out pulverizer is pulverized passes through diameter 5-10mm screen cloth.
A kind of technology of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling is characterized in that the ring mould compression ratio of said ring die pelleter is 4.5-8, and the back material diameter of granulating is 3-8mm.
A kind of technology of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling, it is characterized in that said Shaftless screw conveyor at drainage, carry and simultaneously involving between Enteromorpha to be cut off, through this operation material moisture by 2 percentage points of eliminations.
A kind of technology of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling is characterized in that said twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine, and through broken, dehydration back material moisture drops to 62%-68%, and the length of material is crushed to 3-5cm, and waste liquid is handled, discharged through liquid waste filter.
The special-purpose pulverizer that cuts off of a kind of Enteromorpha; Side configuration motor on frame, the line shaft of motor stretches into the two ends that are fixed in the frame opposite side housing through shaft joint, line shaft upper edge axle fixed configurations one cylindrical rotor;, it is characterized in that along the fixing many row's hammer leaves of axle at the cylindrical rotor outer surface:
Offer a charging hole on the top of housing opposite side; Charging hole through interior big outside the protruding cylindrical shape feeding cylinder of little diffusion type feed zone; The feed auger is forced in configuration in the feeding cylinder; By the feeding motor-driven that is arranged on the outside, closely force the top of feed auger to offer the charge door that an opening makes progress at feeding cylinder;
In line shaft leans on the shell of charging hole side, dispose the shredder mechanism of a disc type;
Lower part of frame, by pressing screen frame (unit) compression fit screen cloth, discharging opening is offered in the below of screen cloth;
Said shredder mechanism is on discoideus chopping dish, evenly to offer some holes of cutting that are radial slots, at the cutting knife of cutting configuration projection on the radially side in hole;
Offer four to eight radial slots on the chopping dish of said shredder mechanism and cut the hole, the inside angle β of radioactive ray is the 8-12 degree, cutting knife configuring fixed rotation dorsad cut hole one side, and with the degree of overlapping scalable of cutting the hole.
The present invention is directed to the Enteromorpha raw material that occurs at present in enormous quantities, have that stem is long, implication is strong, the characteristic that is prone to skid is utilized mechanized, reaches the purpose of handling early stage expeditiously, for subsequent treatment has been created condition.Adopt the present technique scheme; Filled up the blank of a domestic this area; Realized whole mechanization processing operation first; Whole piece treating apparatus machining production line has partly adopted existing equipment, part that prior art has been done improvement, partly adopted technology disclosed by the invention (such as the special-purpose pulverizer that cuts off of Enteromorpha), part to adopt the present invention to intend the technology of protection, has been thus connected into a complete production and processing line, and the apparatus system that can carry out mechanization Enteromorpha recycling treatment on a large scale is provided; And the technological requirement in the associative operation, reach purpose efficient, quick, that reduce cost, be convenient to transport.Below each link is carefully stated:
Drainage is carried: this process section mainly designs and uses Shaftless screw conveyor is main process equipment, and because the moisture of bright Enteromorpha is higher, a part can be anhydrated for deadweight; For subsequent treatment eases off the pressure, on carrying, increase filter structure; For its in the process of carrying, remove a part of water.Shaftless screw conveyor can be carried the material that comparatively is intertwined, and Shaftless screw conveyor has certain cutting action to the implication between Enteromorpha simultaneously, reduces the processing trouble that subsequent treatment causes owing to its storeroom involves.
Compare with prior art interlinkage water filtering conveyer and to have more advantage.The former material in course of conveying is static for relatively; The upper materials drainage need pass through lower floor's material; Influenced the drainage effect, rolled, can make material accomplish omnibearing dehydration but latter Ying Qi constantly is material in course of conveying; Permeable is adopted strip porous disc face, greatly reduces material and stops up permeable possibility.
Dehydration is broken: this technology mainly designs uses the twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine.Because the voidage of Enteromorpha is big, the storeroom implication is more, and characteristics such as necessarily slide are arranged, adopted that compression ratio is big, the permeable web plate of high opening rate aperture and big contact ratio.
The plant equipment that its design makes Enteromorpha pass through in this workshop section has been sloughed the free water of very big part, and energy consumption is lower.And the high contact ratio of double helix dewaterer; Largely Enteromorpha has been played broken effect (as there not being broken processing; More long stapled Enteromorpha can influence dry speed; And uniform drying property exerted an influence), for following technology do not need again through other disintegrating apparatus directly oven dry the necessary precondition condition is provided.Simultaneously, greatly reduce the implication of storeroom, and be difficult for forming bulk, also help subsequent drying because the effect of multiple effects such as material is squeezed, twists, shears, friction makes material become soft relatively.Spiral dewater is owing to be limit charging limit discharging, and can accomplish automatically, so can realize the unmanned processing of serialization.It is superior to existing centrifugal dehydration greatly; (the effect relative mistake of existing centrifugal dehydration, energy consumption be high, because its low, middle workshop section of high running safety coefficient needs manual work to get material, can not realize that serialization is unmanned to produce), and added automatic filter at the dehydration back segment; It is liquid waste filter; Have automatic drain and discharge function, for discharging limpider pressed liquor prerequisite is provided, simultaneously for pre-treatment has been done in the utilization of pressed liquor.
Dry: because its moisture that advanced behind the mechanical dehydration still is higher, as carries out first drying and reach and need moisture, then baking temperature can be higher, can cause the bonding parcel of material like this, the uniformity that influence is dry.And the loss of nutritive components that not only can cause the Enteromorpha inherence that baking temperature is too high, and cause bigger energy waste.Therefore, drying process twice have separately been carried out.
Roller drying (dry one): combine moisture content higher because Enteromorpha contains, generally about 65%, its moisture is higher, and relative is mobile relatively poor, and drying is brought drawback to a certain degree.Roller drying has well solved this shortcoming, and material is in the process that is dried, because its mechanical drive; Constantly pushed ahead; And make material the rolling of the effect of machinery and gravity, make it material and accomplish and omnibearingly contact the uniformity of satisfied drying with hot blast.Because of its dried moisture probably is about 40%,, can not reduce the nutritional labeling of its material so the time that in cylinder, stops can be very not long.
Fluidized drying (dry two): the fluidized drying machine has that its output is big, the height of uniform drying, final moisture content is easy to control.Even so it adapts to the characteristics that material moisture required variation.And, because its uniform drying has been avoided a small amount of rotten situation that influences the entire chapter material of depositing material that causes owing to uneven drying is even.And the relative temperature of charge of fluidized drying is lower, and dry ingredient is even, can not reduce the nutritional labeling of material.And the efficient of fluidized drying is higher, can satisfy the requirement of low energy consumption.Lighter to material proportion, the characteristics of easy caking have adopted the perforation wind speed and have set comparatively suitable baking temperature, and discharge system has been adopted the return air discharge device, make it discharge completely.
Cut off and pulverize: through the fragmentation that interrupts of front; The granulation requirement that the fineness of material arrives after also can not satisfying far away; And can not satisfy the processing requirements of deep processing,, original pulverizer carried out improving innovation to the characteristic of its fibre material; Increased the shearing device to fiber, the pulverizing that makes the back is high efficiency more.Save energy consumption, improve output.Because of its material still has the fibrous of relative length, and material is softer, as the pulverizer crushing effect using is very poor, yields poorly, and energy consumption is high.So developed the cut-off type pulverizer, be material getting into before hammer leaf smashes, earlier through chopping, and two procedures is accomplished on a machine.Utilize the technological design of cut staple, can reduce the energy consumption of pulverizer greatly, improve output with the hammer leaf pulverizing.Be to cut down finished cost to be able to further realization.
Pelletizing forming: to the characteristic of its fibre material, proportion is lighter, is unfavorable for transportation, and gives security for subsequent treatment.Increase the granulation link, adopted ring die pelleter.Important parameter to granulator is fit to the design that Enteromorpha is handled, and comprises suitable fineness, moisture content, granulation aperture, pressure roller diameter etc.
The liquid waste filter that the present invention dewaters in the broken process has following advantage:
1. solved the shortcoming that most filter is prone to stop up filter screen.Used spiral revolution brush, the quilt that filter screen is not stopped is scrubbed, and reaches anti-blocking purpose; Stillness of night outlet liquid level fundamental sum inlet flushes, and is that filter screen is soaked in the liquid always, has avoided having caused owing to material is air-dry the obstruction filter screen; Filter reaches hermetic structure, avoided being exposed in the air and too fast causing thin slag is air-dry and stop up the possibility of filter screen; The filter type that adopts the internal layer fie screen to combine with outer liquid skeleton thoroughly, the quick replacing when making things convenient for the network blocking fine-structure mesh.
2. volume is little, and filtration yield is big.Liquid is squeezed into filter through the pump with certain pressure, promotes the rate of filtration greatly; The adding of filter screen clogging-preventing measures has effectively guaranteed liquid rate thoroughly, has guaranteed the rate of filtration.
3. intelligent deslagging.Through the pressure detecting of filter chamber, can differentiate the amount of its filter residue, reach certain pressure after, open the valve of slagging tap, close liquid valve, accomplish deslagging.
4. adaptability is wider.Adopt internal layer fie screen and the filter type that outer liquid skeleton thoroughly combines, can adjust the fineness of internal layer screen pack as required, reach and satisfy different filtering fineness needs; Because it can accomplish automatic cleaning and automatic discharge can apply to operatorless occasion; Because its filtration system is a full-closed structure, can use the filtration at the turbid liquid of effumability.
Superiority of the present invention and beneficial effect: provide a cover complete Enteromorpha resource machinery pre-treating technology and relevant apparatus; Involve in enormous quantities bright Enteromorpha big, that there are generality characteristics such as certain sliding property, normality light specific gravity on the surface between high, the easy corruption of suitable treatment moisture content, individuality; Energy consumption of the present invention is low; Output is big; Most of adopt existing process equipment, reduce the input and the processing cost of equipment, for follow-up resource depths reason (feed processing, biological chemical fertilizer, biomass energy produce etc.) has been done necessary technology technology and physical device supports, ensures.Filled up the technological gap of the bright Enteromorpha of this area batch process,, turned waste into wealth at the pay attention to day by day natural resources, protection and improvement environment, today of energy efficiency, proposition of the present invention has the economic worth and the social benefit of particular importance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the configured in one piece structure chart of a kind of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the integrated artistic flow chart of a kind of Enteromorpha recycling treatment process of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of liquid waste filter of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of conveying worm of the present invention
Fig. 5 is the right view of Fig. 4
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that the present invention cuts off pulverizer.
Among the figure, the 1st, the drainage conveyer, the 2nd, the dehydration disintegrating machine, the 3rd, the fluidized drying machine, the 4th, the pelletizing forming machine, the 5th, cut off pulverizer, the 6th, roller drier, the 7th, liquid waste filter;
The 11st, feeding port, the 12nd, the liner filter screen, the 13rd, there is not the axle screw auger, the 14th, charging motor, the 15th, discharging opening, the 16th, water leg, the 17th, outer filter, the 18th, row's filtrate port;
The 701st, reducing motor, the 702nd, cover, the 703rd, cylindrical shell, the 704th, spiral gyroaxis, the 705th, hairbrush, the 706th, internal layer fie screen, the 707th, outer liquid skeleton, the 708th, Pressure gauge, the 709th, inlet, 710 purified liquor outlets, the 711st, sludge outlet, the 712nd, the fluid/slag valve of passing through;
The 51st, force feed auger, the 52nd, charge door, the 53rd, housing, the 54th, shredder mechanism, the 55th, hammer leaf, the 56th, screen cloth, the 57th, frame.
The specific embodiment
Below contrast accompanying drawing, the present invention is described further with by way of example.
A kind of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling comprises and is connected machinery as follows successively:
Drainage conveyer 1 connects the disintegrating machine 2 that dewaters, and dehydration disintegrating machine 2 connects liquid waste filter 7 and roller drier 6 respectively, and wherein roller drier 6 connects fluidized drying machines 3, and fluidized drying machine 3 connects cut-out pulverizer 5, cuts off pulverizer 5 and connects pelletizing forming machines 4;
Said drainage conveyer 1 is a Shaftless screw conveyor;
Said dehydration disintegrating machine 2 is the twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine;
Said pelletizing forming machine 4 is a ring die pelleter.
The structure of said liquid waste filter 7 is: a straight barrel type internal layer fie screen 706 is set in vertical drum type brake cylindrical shell 703; Internal layer fie screen 706 is fixed on outer passing through on the liquid skeleton 707; The internal axis of internal layer fie screen 706 is provided with a spiral gyroaxis 704; The edge of spiral gyroaxis 704 is a hairbrush 705, the net wall of hairbrush 705 contact internal layer fie screens 706; The bottom of cylindrical shell 703 is the downward taper shape of the vertex of a cone, and the vertex of a cone is drawn sludge outlet 711, and disposes the valve 712 of slagging tap; The top of cylindrical shell 703 is provided with cover 702, at the circle centre position of cover 702 reducing motor 701 that drives spiral gyroaxis 704 is set, and on cover 702, offers inlet 709, connects and establishes Pressure gauge 708; Barrel on cylindrical shell 703 tops is offered purified liquor outlet 710, configuration liquid valve 712 on the purified liquor outlet 710.The linear velocity of said spiral gyroaxis 704 hairbrush 705 ends is 0.1m/s-0.4m/s, and the net of internal layer fie screen 706 directly is the 50-250 order, cylinder lumen pressure 0.1-0.5Mpa.
The structure of said Shaftless screw conveyor is: do not have axle screw auger 13 and be configured in the liner screen tube 12; The lower half outer ring of liner screen tube 12 is outer filter 17 and water leg 16 successively; The tail end that does not have axle screw auger 13; On liner filter screen 12, offer downward discharging opening 15, and pass outer filter 17 and water leg 16; Do not have the top of axle screw auger 13, on water leg 16, offer downward row's filtrate port 18, on liner filter screen 12, offer feeding port 11 upwards; The a plurality of apertures of distribution are the permeable aperture of 2-5mm on liner filter screen 12, and percent opening is at 10%-30%; The aperture of a plurality of strips of distribution on outer filter 17, its width is 1-5mm, and length is 5-15mm, and percent opening is at 20%-40%.
Said roller drier 6 its dry-heat air temperature are 200-350 ℃, and wind speed is 0.5-2m/s, and the moisture of dry back Enteromorpha is 35%-45%; Said fluidized drying machine 3 its baking temperatures are 100-150 ℃, and the perforation wind speed is 2.8-4.5m/s, and dried water content is 10%-15%.
The Enteromorpha 95% that said cut-out pulverizer 5 is pulverized is through diameter 5-10mm screen cloth.
The ring mould compression ratio of said ring die pelleter is 4.5-8, and the back material diameter of granulating is 3-8mm.
Said Shaftless screw conveyor at drainage, carry and simultaneously involving between Enteromorpha to be cut off, through this operation material moisture by 2 percentage points of eliminations.
Said twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine, through broken, dehydration back material moisture drops to 62%-68%, and the length of material is crushed to 3-5cm, and waste liquid is handled, is discharged through liquid waste filter 7.
The special-purpose pulverizer that cuts off of a kind of Enteromorpha; Side configuration motor on frame 57; The line shaft of motor stretches into the two ends that are fixed in the frame 57 opposite side housings 53 through shaft joint, and line shaft upper edge axle fixed configurations one cylindrical rotor is fixed many row's hammer leaves 55 at the cylindrical rotor outer surface along axle; Offer a charging hole 52 on the top of housing 53 opposite sides; Charging hole 52 through interior big outside the protruding cylindrical shape feeding cylinder 51 of little diffusion type feed zone; The feed auger is forced in configuration in the feeding cylinder 51; By the feeding motor-driven that is arranged on the outside, offer the charge door 52 that an opening makes progress at the feeding cylinder 51 nearly tops of feed auger of forcing; In line shaft leans on the shell 53 of charging hole side, dispose the shredder mechanism 54 of a disc type, the bottom of housing 53, by pressing screen frame (unit) compression fit screen cloth 56, discharging opening is offered in the below of screen cloth 56; Said shredder mechanism 54 is on discoideus chopping dish, evenly to offer some holes of cutting that are radial slots, at the cutting knife of cutting configuration projection on the radially side in hole; Offer four to eight radial slots on the chopping dish of said shredder mechanism 54 and cut the hole, the inside angle β of radioactive ray is the 8-12 degree, cutting knife configuring fixed rotation dorsad cut hole one side, and with the degree of overlapping scalable of cutting the hole.
By above device and related process, can realize to the Enteromorpha that salvages dewater, processed before the mechanizations such as drying, pulverizing, granulation, reach efficient, fast, the purpose that reduces cost, be convenient to transport.

Claims (2)

1. Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling is characterized in that said device comprises and be connected following machinery successively:
Drainage conveyer (1) connects dehydration disintegrating machine (2); Dehydration disintegrating machine (2) connects liquid waste filter (7) and roller drier (6) respectively; Wherein roller drier (6) connects fluidized drying machine (3), and fluidized drying machine (3) connects cut-out pulverizer (5), cuts off pulverizer (5) and connects pelletizing forming machine (4);
Said drainage conveyer (1) is a Shaftless screw conveyor;
Said dehydration disintegrating machine (2) is the twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine;
Said pelletizing forming machine (4) is a ring die pelleter;
The structure of said liquid waste filter (7) is:
One straight barrel type internal layer fie screen (706) is set in vertical drum type brake cylindrical shell (703); Internal layer fie screen (706) is fixed on outer passing through on the liquid skeleton (707); The internal axis of internal layer fie screen (706) is provided with a spiral gyroaxis (704); The edge of spiral gyroaxis (704) is hairbrush (705), the net wall of hairbrush (705) contact internal layer fie screen (706);
The bottom of cylindrical shell (703) is the downward taper shape of the vertex of a cone, and the vertex of a cone is drawn sludge outlet (711), and disposes the valve (712) of slagging tap;
The top of cylindrical shell (703) is provided with cover (702), at the circle centre position of cover (702) reducing motor (701) that drives spiral gyroaxis (704) is set, and on cover (702), offers inlet (709), connects and establishes Pressure gauge (708);
Barrel on cylindrical shell (703) top is offered purified liquor outlet (710), and purified liquor outlet (710) is gone up configuration liquid valve (712);
The linear velocity of said spiral gyroaxis (704) hairbrush (705) end is 0.1m/s-0.4m/s, and the net of internal layer fie screen (706) directly is the 50-250 order, cylinder lumen pressure 0.1-0.5Mpa;
The structure of said Shaftless screw conveyor is: do not have axle screw auger (13) and be configured in the liner filter screen (12); The lower half outer ring of liner filter screen (12) is outer filter (17) and water leg (16) successively; The tail end that does not have axle screw auger (13); On liner filter screen (12), offer downward discharging opening (15), and pass outer filter (17) and water leg (16); Do not have the top of axle screw auger (13), on water leg (16), offer downward row's filtrate port (18), on liner filter screen (12), offer feeding port (11) upwards;
Going up a plurality of apertures that distribute at liner filter screen (12) is the permeable aperture of 2-5mm, and percent opening is at 10%-30%;
At the aperture of the last a plurality of strips that distribute of outer filter (17), its width is 1-4mm, and length is 5-15mm, and percent opening is at 20%-40%.
2. operating procedure of Enteromorpha processing equipment for recycling according to claim 1; Comprise and connect machinery as follows successively: drainage conveyer (1) connects dehydration disintegrating machine (2); Dehydration disintegrating machine (2) connects liquid waste filter (7) and roller drier (6) respectively; Wherein roller drier (6) connects fluidized drying machine (3), and fluidized drying machine (3) connects cut-out pulverizer (5), cuts off pulverizer (5) and connects pelletizing forming machine (4);
In the above mechanical operating procedure, it is characterized in that: its dry-heat air temperature of said roller drier (6) is 200-350 ℃, and wind speed is 0.5-2m/s, and the moisture of dry back Enteromorpha is 35%-45%; Its baking temperature of said fluidized drying machine (3) is 100-150 ℃, and the perforation wind speed is 1.0-2.5m/s, and dried water content is 10%-15%;
The Enteromorpha 95% that said cut-out pulverizer (5) is pulverized is through diameter 5-10mm screen cloth;
The ring mould compression ratio of said ring die pelleter is 4.5-8, and the back material diameter of granulating is 3-8mm;
Said Shaftless screw conveyor at drainage, carry and simultaneously involving between Enteromorpha to be cut off, through this operation material moisture by 2 percentage points of eliminations;
Said twin-screw squeezing dewatering machine, through broken, dehydration back material moisture drops to 62%-68%, and the length of material is crushed to 3-5cm, and waste liquid is handled, is discharged through liquid waste filter (7).
CN2010102698289A 2010-08-31 2010-08-31 Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process Expired - Fee Related CN101934286B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102698289A CN101934286B (en) 2010-08-31 2010-08-31 Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102698289A CN101934286B (en) 2010-08-31 2010-08-31 Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101934286A CN101934286A (en) 2011-01-05
CN101934286B true CN101934286B (en) 2012-06-27

Family

ID=43387994

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010102698289A Expired - Fee Related CN101934286B (en) 2010-08-31 2010-08-31 Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101934286B (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9976255B2 (en) * 2012-03-13 2018-05-22 Uwe D'Agnone Composition of fibrous material
CN102673746B (en) * 2012-05-16 2015-05-20 四川万欣水利水电设备有限公司 Overwater efficient trash-cleaning boat
CN102909213A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-06 江苏省农业科学院 Device for treating aquatic plants in real time and application of device
CN105544487B (en) * 2015-12-15 2019-11-12 中广核工程有限公司 Mobile integrated aquatic organism automatic cleaning apparatus and method for cleaning
CN107198259A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-09-26 浙江省德清县鸿利饲料有限公司 A kind of feed granulating streamline
CN107763997B (en) * 2017-09-11 2019-09-27 安徽瑞虎肥业有限公司 A kind of organic fertilizer drying mo(u)lding equipment
CN107877911B (en) * 2017-11-10 2019-10-01 广州一品红制药有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine slag multi-stage treatment units
CN110947460B (en) * 2018-05-15 2021-06-11 安徽省华腾农业科技有限公司 Production system of granule
CN110976480B (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-08-18 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Offshore enteromorpha disposal method based on glue enveloping technology

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101596008A (en) * 2009-06-16 2009-12-09 宁波大学 A kind of processing method of enteromorpha products and processing unit (plant)
KR20100001635A (en) * 2008-06-27 2010-01-06 목포대학교산학협력단 Extracts of enteromorpha prolifera having anti-diabetic function, functional foods including the extracts and use of enteromorpha prolifera
CN101716012A (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-06-02 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Three-stage dehydrating and drying method of enteromorpha
CN101758060A (en) * 2009-12-31 2010-06-30 中国海洋大学生物工程开发有限公司 Method for innocent treatment of enteromorpha and equipment using same

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100001635A (en) * 2008-06-27 2010-01-06 목포대학교산학협력단 Extracts of enteromorpha prolifera having anti-diabetic function, functional foods including the extracts and use of enteromorpha prolifera
CN101596008A (en) * 2009-06-16 2009-12-09 宁波大学 A kind of processing method of enteromorpha products and processing unit (plant)
CN101716012A (en) * 2009-10-30 2010-06-02 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Three-stage dehydrating and drying method of enteromorpha
CN101758060A (en) * 2009-12-31 2010-06-30 中国海洋大学生物工程开发有限公司 Method for innocent treatment of enteromorpha and equipment using same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101934286A (en) 2011-01-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101934286B (en) Entermorpha resource treatment device and related process
CN101934241B (en) Special cut-off pulverizer for enteromorpha
CN106734083B (en) A kind of mechanical pretreatment system and technique for Urban Domestic Waste Comprehensive Treatment
CN103495484B (en) Biomass straw smashing and forming all-in-one machine
CN103640104A (en) Method for recycling, cleaning and granulating waste mulching films
CN206229454U (en) A kind of high humidity solid organic matters pulverizer
CN105057313A (en) Full-mechanical-drive dry pre-treatment device and method for mixed kitchen waste
CN103074137A (en) Continuous production method of biomass fuel blocks
CN103769281B (en) A kind of feed grinder dewaters complete treatment facility and method of operating
CN110538858A (en) Method and system for separating impurities from kitchen waste
CN101779775B (en) Tomato skin, seed and residue dehydration drying and dry method skin and seed separation and combination production method in tomato paste factory
CN204125435U (en) A kind of RDF production system
CN102909213A (en) Device for treating aquatic plants in real time and application of device
CN112889492B (en) Baling press is collected to agricultural straw
CN112400495B (en) Crop organic solid waste pretreatment system
CN202910061U (en) Real-time aquatic plant processing device
CN107983751A (en) A kind of kitchen(Food waste)Rubbish separating dry space from moist space pulping process
CN210226269U (en) Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one
CN203866271U (en) Banana cauloid dehydration and crushing fuel forming all-in-one machine
CN1142324A (en) Production method for using peeling, seeds and residue from factory of tomato paste
CN203678482U (en) Complete feed grinder dehydration treatment equipment
CN106493988B (en) A kind of producing coal from straw complete set of equipments
CN204396131U (en) A kind of draft rhizome dregs of a decoction tear cuts pulverizer
CN214988881U (en) Novel fertilizer production line waste recovery device
CN104194858B (en) A kind of use pasture and water prepare the method and its production line of biological particles

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120627

Termination date: 20130831