CN203866250U - Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission - Google Patents

Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203866250U
CN203866250U CN201420207707.5U CN201420207707U CN203866250U CN 203866250 U CN203866250 U CN 203866250U CN 201420207707 U CN201420207707 U CN 201420207707U CN 203866250 U CN203866250 U CN 203866250U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
solid
outlet
combustible
inlet
self
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420207707.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王嘉成
Original Assignee
王嘉成
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王嘉成 filed Critical 王嘉成
Priority to CN201420207707.5U priority Critical patent/CN203866250U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203866250U publication Critical patent/CN203866250U/en

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting the spiral transmission, which comprises a main body and a conveying screw component, wherein an inner channel is arranged in the main body; a solid material inlet is formed in the first end of the inner channel; a solid waste residue outlet is formed in the second end of the inner channel; the conveying screw component is arranged in the inner channel of the main body, can be used for the whole course conveying of solid materials in the inner channel, extends from the solid material inlet to the position with a certain distance from the solid waste residue outlet, and is used for pushing the solid waste residues to form the sealing of the solid waste residue outlet; a solid material inlet self-sealing section, a solid material pyrolysis treatment section and a solid waste residue outlet self-sealing section are formed from the solid material inlet of the inner channel to the solid waste residue outlet of the inner channel in sequence; the area of the cross section of the solid material inlet self-sealing section is smaller than that of the cross section of the solid material pyrolysis treatment section. The system can be used for continuously processing solid materials.

Description

Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive
Technical field
The utility model relates to the full-automatic continous processing system of a kind of solid combustible, especially a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, its have advantages of simple in structure, energy consumption is low, environmental protection.
Background technology
Solid waste of a great variety, and complicated, for avoiding environment, need to process conventionally.The conventional process mode of solid waste mainly contains landfill and burns two kinds.For burning disposal, it can not only realize the effective processing to solid waste, can also recycle and burn the heat producing.But also there is a series of drawback in it, as: because solid waste kind differs, complicated is various, burns the waste residue and the gaseous product that produce and can cause secondary pollution, maybe needs again to process, the composition that can again recycle in solid waste is burnt, and causes waste to a certain degree.
For the organism in solid waste, at present, also having a kind of processing mode is pyrolysis, i.e. decomposes under anaerobic or anoxia condition, produce flammable low molecular compound, as: hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, methyl alcohol, acetone, acetic acid, acetaldehyde, tar, carbon etc., and existing method for pyrolysis and equipment, as rotating kettle etc., be all reinforced in pyrolysis space after this pyrolysis space of sealing, heating, after pyrolysis completes substantially, then after cooling, solid slag is discharged, and then reinforced, and repeat aforementioned process, mainly there is following drawback in it:
1, it is reinforced, pyrolysis, slag tap and separately carry out, and reinforcedly causes pyrolysis not carry out continuously with tapping process;
2, in batch operation, the treatment time of each batch is long, and overall time cost is high;
3, whole pyrolytic process complicated operation;
4, need extra manpower and utility appliance;
5, reinforced with slag tap and all under the condition far below pyrolysis temperature, carry out, i.e. when pyrolysis, need to heat, after pyrolysis, need again coolingly, this process must cause the waste of pyrolysis heat energy;
6, in batch operation, for the solid waste (as the solid waste doped with long rope, band etc.) that is continuous shape, it often causes the crisscross of a large amount of solid waste to tangle, and difficult treatment needs to increase the techniques such as cutting, pulverizing conventionally;
7, reinforced, pyrolysis stirring, discharging adopt respectively different power resources, can not realize the whole process of single-power and carry, its power system complex structure;
8, do not have the heating system matching with pyrolysis system, make heating system need consume extra fuel, or during with the material identical with pyrolysis system, the combustion utilization efficiency of heating system is lower, can not reach the treatment effect same with pyrolysis system;
9, the complicated integral structure of system, investment is large, maintenance cost is high.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, the utility model object is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, and it is simple in structure, can continuous pyrolysis process solid waste, avoided waste, the energy consumption of pyrolysis heat energy low, simple to operate, time cost is low, environmental protection.
Another object of the utility model is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, it is provided with the heating system matching with continuous pyrolysis processing, make the full-automatic continous processing system efficiency of entirety high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect.
Another object of the utility model is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, it is provided with the single-power delivery system matching with continuous pyrolysis processing, its conveying solid substance refuse simple in structure, can be self-sealed continuously, is conducive to continuous pyrolysis and processes carrying out smoothly of solid waste.
In order to achieve the above object, the main technical schemes that the utility model provides comprises:
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end (being preferably the upper side of being located at described interior passageway) of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, second end (being preferably end face) of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body and is formed the whole process of the solid materials in interior passageway is carried, and extended to apart from described solid slag outlet a distance by described solid material inlet, this segment distance forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section and utilizes promotion and the extruding of conveyor screw to solid slag to form the sealing to described solid slag outlet; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section.
The utility model is only realized the whole process of solid materials is carried with a conveyor screw, significantly simplified construction, and, the end face of the second end of interior passageway is located in solid slag outlet, and conveyor screw does not extend to solid slag outlet, make this solid slag realize the accumulation in solid slag outlet under the promotion of conveyor screw and extruding, this banking process, not only can utilize solid slag to realize the sealing to solid slag outlet, can also make solid slag there is certain cooling time, while avoiding quickly discharging because the Yu Wen of solid slag etc. causes thermal pollution or smell to pollute to environment, further improve its environment friendly.
Wherein, the gaseous tension that described solid slag is enough to maintain in described solid materials pyrolysis processing section to the seal degree of solid slag outlet is 0.01kpa.
Wherein, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section successively, described conveyor screw can extend to this solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, and the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section.
By conveyor screw, material is advanced successively in interior passageway, the pan feeding of solid materials, carry, pyrolysis processing and discharging all complete in interior passageway, make its one-piece construction simpler, and, solid material inlet selfsealings section small cross sections be arranged so that it can utilize solid materials self to realize sealing effectiveness, enter the solid materials comparatively densification because be somebody's turn to do compared with the first little cross section in interior passageway, realize self-packing effect with this at solid material inlet place, further simplify one-piece construction, improve sealing effectiveness, and the second larger cross section, make the state that material can be comparatively loose enter solid materials pyrolysis processing section, make the pyrolysis processing of solid materials more abundant.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet selfsealings section has the 3rd cross section, and the area in described the 3rd cross section equals the area in the second cross section.
Wherein, between the end of the first end of described body and this solid material inlet selfsealings section, be also provided with an isolation section.
Wherein, described isolation section is a cavity.
Wherein, in described isolation section, be filled with lagging material.
Wherein, described isolation section has the 4th cross section, and the area in described the 4th cross section equals the area in the first cross section.
Wherein, the cylindrical shell that described body is arranged horizontally.
Described solid material inlet is preferably the upper side of the first end of being located at described interior passageway, and described solid slag outlet is preferably the end face of the second end of being located at interior passageway.
Wherein, described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device (being preferably vertical setting), and described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
The first seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth that seals described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
The second seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the discharge port that seals described storage bin and described solid material inlet.
Wherein, described the first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them in the time of opened condition, wherein another is in closed state.
Wherein, the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage, and its entrance connects solid slag outlet, and its outlet is towards identical with solid slag outlet, or with it at an angle, for example, can be upward, down, towards left or towards the right side.
Wherein, can also in solid slag transfer passage, be provided with the second conveyor screw, the free end of described the second conveyor screw extends to described solid slag exit and the solid slag of accumulation is transported.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap that this solid slag exports.
Wherein, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, wherein,
In the time that the quantity of described oil gas vent is one, it arranges near described solid material inlet selfsealings section;
In the time that the quantity of described oil gas vent is two, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is when more than three, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and all the other are located between the two.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, it also comprises drive unit, the first end of described conveyor screw drives and is connected with the output shaft of described drive unit, described drive unit is the combination of motor or motor and variator, and the output shaft of described drive unit is the output shaft of motor shaft or variator accordingly.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, wherein, described vapourizing furnace bodies top has solid materials gangway, and described vapourizing furnace body is by pivot and the base pivot joint of bottom, to change between horizontal and vertical two states.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, it also comprises heating unit, described heating unit comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, outside furnace wall, be provided with multiple air-valves, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described exhanst gas outlet comprises the first exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace body bottom and/or the second exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
Wherein, the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, it also has the second combustion chamber, this second combustion chamber is located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described the second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described the first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described furnace chamber is communicated with the second combustion chamber by T-valve, and described the first flue gas mouth is communicated with the second combustion chamber when different with the second exhanst gas outlet.
Wherein, described the second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance, and described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by pipeline.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, it also comprises:
Device for recovering oil and gas, it has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet of the oil gas of liquefaction of output.
Wherein, described the second outlet can connect the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance that connects the second combustion chamber) of heating unit.
Wherein, taking flue gas heating of the solid materials in interior passageway as heating agent of furnace chamber or the second combustion chamber output.
Wherein, heating system also has a heat medium passage, and heat medium passage has high temperature heating agent entrance and the outlet of low temperature heating agent, and high temperature heating agent entrance connects exhanst gas outlet or high-temperature flue gas outlet.
Wherein, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section of the interior passageway of body is located in heat medium passage.
Wherein, also comprise: smoke eliminator, its smoke inlet connects described low temperature heating agent outlet.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, wherein, described conveyor screw is shaftless conveyor screw, tangle the phenomenons such as card knot and affect quantity-produced and carry out smoothly to avoid producing in the time carrying the solid waste (as thread, banded rope, band etc., or being wherein mingled with the foreign material such as iron wire) of continuous shape.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, wherein, described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, described reducing conveyor screw refers to, when the internal diameter varies of described interior passageway, and the variation that the radius of spin of described conveyor screw and the internal diameter of interior passageway adapt.
Wherein, in the time that the internal diameter of solid materials pyrolysis processing section is greater than the internal diameter of solid material inlet selfsealings section, the screw diameter of described conveyor screw in solid materials pyrolysis processing section is also greater than the screw diameter in solid material inlet selfsealings section accordingly.
Compared with prior art, the utlity model has following beneficial effect:
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present utility model, it utilizes solid waste itself to realize the selfsealings to pyrolysis space when feeding in raw material and slag tap, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, realize the real operation continuously of solid waste pyrolysis processing, reinforced and the waste of tapping process to pyrolysis heat energy are avoided, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection, its operating process is simple, time cost significantly reduces, save manpower, and reduce utility appliance, and its one-piece construction is simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, being conducive to quantity-produced carries out smoothly, and, for reluctant continuous shape solid waste in batch operation, it can also be processed easily, without pulverizing, the operations such as cutting, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and it is simple in structure, conveying solid substance refuse that can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to continuous pyrolysis and process carrying out smoothly of solid waste, and can ensure good conveying effect, can not cause the deposition of solid materials, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section, it is provided with the heating system matching with continuous pyrolysis processing, and heating system and continuous pyrolysis can be processed same solid materials, it is provided with multilayer air blast passage, and the first smoke outlet is arranged on to the bottom of vapourizing furnace body, and be provided with the structure of the second combustion chamber, make the full-automatic continous processing system efficiency of entirety high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of the utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in the utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 3 is another visual angle schematic perspective view of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in the utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the horizontal decomposing schematic representation of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in the utility model the first embodiment.
Fig. 5 be in Fig. 4 A-A to part sectioned view.
Fig. 6 be in Fig. 4 B-B to part sectioned view.
Fig. 7 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of the utility model the second embodiment.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in the utility model the 3rd embodiment.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in the utility model the 4th embodiment.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in the utility model the 5th embodiment.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the isolation section in the utility model the 6th embodiment.
[main element nomenclature]
Carry body 10, interior passageway 100, solid material inlet 110, solid slag outlet 120, end cap 121, isolation section 101, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103, solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, solid slag transfer passage 105, the second conveyor screw 106, lagging material 107, oil gas vent 130, shaftless spiral conveyor 20, heating unit 30, heating agent path 300, high temperature heating agent entrance 301, low temperature heating agent outlet 302, induced draft fan 303, step formula industry gasification furnace 31, vapourizing furnace body 310, base 311, furnace wall 3110, furnace chamber 3111, blast channel 3112, air-valve 3120, air outlet 3121, gas blower 33, the second gas blower 34, opening 313, end cap 314, grate 315, the first combustion chamber 3150, roller 3151, lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting door 3160, the first smoke outlet 317, pipeline 3170, the second smoke outlet 318, pipeline 3180, the second combustion chamber 319, the second combustible gas entrance 3192, three-way valve 3122, wheel 320, bearing circle 3200, whisky jack 321, push rod 3210, top bracing member 3211, windlass 322, serving 3220, feet 323, drive unit 40, motor 41, variator 42, device for recovering oil and gas 50, cooling apparatus 500, feed(raw material)inlet 501, the first outlet 502, the second outlet 503, feeding device 60, storage bin 600, the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Embodiment
For ease of understanding, the utility model is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of the utility model the first embodiment, it comprises: body 10, shaftless spiral conveyor 20, heating unit 30, drive unit 40, device for recovering oil and gas 50, feeding device 60, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Described body 10, entirety is tubular, horizontal setting (be preferably and be horizontally disposed with), inside is provided with an interior passageway 100, the upper side of the first end of this interior passageway 100 is provided with the solid material inlet 110 for input solid materials, the end face of the second end is provided with the solid slag outlet 120 for output solid material (can be solid slag), this solid slag outlet 120 be provided with one can folding end cap 121, this end cap 121 can make solid slag outlet 120 open or form sealing, between this solid material inlet 110 and solid slag outlet 120, there is the isolation section 101 setting gradually, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, this isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 have the first inner diameter D 1, this solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 have the second inner diameter D 2, and the first inner diameter D 1 is less than the second inner diameter D 2, this solid material inlet 110 is located between isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, when solid materials is in the time that solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 forms sealing respectively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 forms an enclosed space for solid materials pyrolysis, described interior passageway 100 also has the oil gas vent 130 of the oil gas producing for output pyrolysis, this oil gas vent 130 is located at solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and its seal cavity is in communication with the outside.
Wherein, the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is one above (in the present embodiment, being three).
Wherein, in the time that the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is one, it arranges near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102;
In the time that the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is two, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and wherein another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is when more than three, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and all the other are located between the two.
Described shaftless spiral conveyor 20, be located at body 10 inside, it has first end and the second end, its first end is located in isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of connecting drive device 40 is inputted for reception power, and (drive unit 40 described in the present embodiment is the combination of motor 41 and variator 42, the power output shaft of described drive unit 40 is the output shaft of variator 42 accordingly), its second end is located in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 end of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 (or be located at), and and solid slag outlet 120 between be provided with certain distance h, to utilize shaftless spiral conveyor 20 to promote solid materials (also referred to as solid slag, remaining solids after finger pyrolysis) be piled up in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and the impellent of utilizing shaftless spiral conveyor 20 makes solid materials form selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and the lasting impellent of utilizing shaftless spiral conveyor 20 after forming sealing makes solid slag export 120 discharges by solid slag, realize the automatic seal type discharging of solid slag.
Described heating unit 30, it can adopt any form to heat, as high-temperature flue gas, steam, fire, electric heating etc.
In the present embodiment, described heating unit 30, it has heating agent path 300, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 of the interior passageway 100 of described body 10 is located in this heating agent path 300 and by heating medium for heating, the high temperature heating agent entrance 301 of this heating agent path 300 is located near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 1 sides, low temperature heating agent outlet 302 is located near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 1 sides, it is the reverse conveying of heating agent and solid materials, can not only make heat energy be fully used, also make to form in interior passageway 100 pyrolysis zone that multistage temperature is different, and then make the pyrolysis of solid materials more thorough.
Wherein, described heating agent can be flue gas or steam.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, described heating agent is flue gas.
Described heating unit 30, it also comprises step formula industry gasification furnace 31, this step formula industry gasification furnace comprises vapourizing furnace body 310 and base 311.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310, entirety is a cuboid, (the first side wall is relative with the second sidewall to have four sidewalls, the 3rd sidewall is relative with the 4th sidewall) furnace wall 3110 forming with diapire, the furnace chamber 3111 being surrounded by furnace wall 3110, and the multilayer air blast passage 3112 of arranging up and down, outside furnace wall 3110, be provided with multiple air-valves 3120, every layer of at least corresponding described air-valve 3120 of blast channel 3112, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with at least one air outlet 3121 in furnace chamber 3111.
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage 3112, make described step formula industry gasification furnace to carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible.For example can only carry out air blast to the zone of combustion in state of combustion, so, can ensure that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needing, can ensure again the state of the interior entirety of furnace chamber 3111 in anoxic or few oxygen burning, make solid combustible gasification more abundant.For example, the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111 can be established and be the multilayer of arranging up and down, and makes its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and the zone of combustion in state of combustion is carried out to layering air blast.So, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustibles, be especially more applicable for before processing and substantially do not change with external structure form after treatment or change very little solid combustible, as glass reinforced plastic etc.
In the present embodiment, 5 layers of described blast channel 3112 are located in outside furnace wall 3110, and connect a gas blower 33 by a total air channel, and furnace wall 3110 is outer is provided with support, and gas blower 33 is set up in furnace wall 3110 by this.Described gas blower 33 is preferably is located at the 3rd or the 4th sidewall.
Wherein, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with a described air-valve 3120, and every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with in multiple air outlet 3121(the present embodiment and is 4 every layer, be located at respectively the middle part on four limits), to make the one-piece construction of body of heater simple, and facilitate red-tape operati, and ensure high efficiency.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of each layer can be up and down just to arranging, also can be misplaced setting, in the present embodiment for up and down just to setting.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of every layer can be between two just to arranging, also can mutually be misplaced setting, in the present embodiment between two just to setting.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of lowest layer blast channel 3112 is h1 apart from the height of furnace bottom inner side, and the interlamellar spacing that adjacent layers blast channel is 3112 is h2, and the air outlet 3121 of top layer blast channel 3112 is h3 apart from the height of furnace roof inner side.Be preferably, h1 < h2 < h3, to ensure higher processing efficiency, makes solid combustible gasification more abundant.
In the present embodiment, the twice that h2 is h1, more than the twice that h3 is h2.
The top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with opening 313, and opening 313 is provided with the end cap 314 at selectively unlocking, sealing furnace chamber 3111 tops, and end cap 314 can be connected with the top of furnace wall 3110 by pin-joint mechanism, as passes through gemel connection.Described hinge is preferably is located at the 3rd sidewall or the 4th sidewall, with handled easily.
In described furnace chamber 3111, be provided with grate 315, grate 315 can be inserted furnace chamber 3111 or be taken out in furnace chamber 3111 by this opening 313.The solid waste kind that so makes it be applicable to processing is more, wider, substantially be not subject to the restriction of solid waste kind, especially the solid waste that before and after solid waste disposal, global shape does not change substantially also can be suitable for, and handled easily, input and output material, easy to maintenance, and failure rate is low, can produce continuously.
In grate 315, have accommodation space, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in this accommodation space, and inserts in furnace chamber 3111 with grate 315.When solid combustible burning, this accommodation space is the first combustion chamber 3150, and combustible solid wastes by utilizing is anoxycausis in this first combustion chamber 3150.After burning finishes, after solid combustible burning, remaining solid slag is removed by this open top 313 with grate 315.
The flue gas producing for ease of burning instead flows and avoids furnace wall 3110 excess Temperatures, between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls, is provided with certain distance h4.
In the present embodiment, between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls, be provided with roller, can facilitate grate 315 to take out, insert, can ensure again to maintain a certain distance h4 between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls.
In the present embodiment, grate 315 is the cuboid adapting with furnace chamber 3111, can be reticulated structure, and its surrounding is equipped with roller 3151.Wherein, be provided with corresponding to a side of the first side wall the roller that two rows are set up in parallel, so that the inserting, take out of grate 315.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting-up tuyere 316 in the present embodiment is for being provided with the lighting door 3160 of openable, after opening point vent 3160, by lighting-up tuyere 316, the solid combustible in grate 315 is ignited, after igniting, close lighting door 3160, enclosed point burner 316.Described lighting-up tuyere 316 is preferably the bottom of being located at the second sidewall.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with the first smoke outlet 317.First the flue gas producing after combustible solid wastes by utilizing burning in grate 315 arrives furnace chamber 3111 tops, due to furnace chamber 3111 top seals, flue gas is along furnace chamber 3111 anti-stream downwards, while passing through the zone of combustion in state of combustion, part composition wherein burns again, reach the effect of flue, the flue gas after purification is discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 through the first smoke outlet 317.
Described the first smoke outlet 317 is preferably is located at the 3rd or the bottom of the 4th sidewall, and is arranged with 33 points of described gas blowers, the two one of be located at the 3rd sidewall, another is located at the 4th sidewall.Be preferably the two with being located near the first side wall or the second sidewall.Because solid combustible is in the process of the first combustion chamber 3150 interior burnings, the flue gas that burning produces had both had forward flow from bottom to top, also there is top-down reversed flow, therefore, the flying dust producing in combustion processes concentrates on the first smoke outlet 317 places that are positioned at furnace chamber 3111 bottoms conventionally, more preferably described the first smoke outlet 317 arranges near described lighting door 3160, so that described lighting door 3160 can use as ash output hole simultaneously.
The step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with the second combustion chamber 319, and described the first smoke outlet 317 connects the second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the first smoke outlet 317 again burns in the second combustion chamber 319, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing.Be anoxycausis because the first combustion chamber 3150 is interior, produce a large amount of combustible gases, through after the anti-stream in the first combustion chamber 3150 purifies, make the not burning in the first combustion chamber 3150 of this combustible gas, burn away but go in the second combustion chamber 319, the combustible gas that both can make solid combustible gasification produce is fully used, can also reduce the purity of the flue gas producing after combustible gas burning, do not need complicated flue gas purifying equipment can reach emission standard, reduce the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, also simplified accordingly the one-piece construction of the treatment system adopting while processing solid combustible.In the present embodiment, described the first smoke outlet 317 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline 3170 extending straight up.
In order to make its sufficient combustion, described the second combustion chamber 319 connects the second gas blower 34 of promising its oxygen supply.Described the second gas blower 34 is located at a side of described the second combustion chamber 319, and the opposite side of described the second combustion chamber 319 is also provided with a second combustible gas entrance 3192.
In the present embodiment, be preferably, described the second combustion chamber 319 is also connected with the induced draft fan that after burning, the flue gas that produces is drawn so that burn more smoothly, more abundant.
In the present embodiment, the top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is also provided with the second smoke outlet 318.The flue gas that burning produces can also be discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 by this second smoke outlet 318.The setting of this second smoke outlet 318, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace, can be easier at the initial stage of solid combustible burning, improve the starting efficiency of solid combustible anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150, the operation of being more convenient for.This second smoke outlet 318 can be closed after the initial combustion stage finishes, with improve the whole efficiency of anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150 and discharge by the first smoke outlet 317 can burning fume degree of purification.
In the present embodiment, described the second smoke outlet 318 also connects described the second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the second smoke outlet 318 again burns in the second combustion chamber 319, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing.In the present embodiment, described the second smoke outlet 318 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline 3180 extending straight down.
In order to make the solid combustible refuse in furnace chamber 3111 processed more abundant, the step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with three-way valve 3122, this three-way valve 3122 has two entrances and an outlet, described the first smoke outlet 317 connects the first entrance of this three-way valve 3122, described the second smoke outlet 318 connects the second entrance of this three-way valve 3122, and the entrance of described the second combustion chamber 319 connects the outlet of this three-way valve 3122.
And, processed more fully in order further to make solid combustible refuse, when described the first smoke outlet 317 is different with the second smoke outlet 318, be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, this second combustion chamber 319 is only communicated with the first combustion chamber 3150 by the first smoke outlet 317 or the second smoke outlet 318, to obtain better treatment effect, solid combustible refuse is processed more fully.Accordingly, described three-way valve 3122 can adopt any other existing structures that can reach same or similar effect to replace.
In order further to make solid combustible refuse be processed more fully, described three-way valve 3122 is preferably 1/3rd At The Heights (in the present embodiment for being located between the second layer and the 3rd layer of blast channel) of being located at the first combustion chamber 3150.
Processed more fully in order further to make solid combustible refuse, described the second combustion chamber 319 is horizontally disposed, with described three-way valve 3122 in same level height, the second combustion chamber 319 levels are located at 1/3rd At The Heights of the first combustion chamber 3150.
Described base 311 has wheel shaft and wheel 320, and wheel 320 is connected in base 311 and is formed the support to base 311 by wheel shaft, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace convenient mobile, can multiple replacings use.
Base 311 has two groups of wheels 320, also there is turning device, wherein one group of wheel 320 is deflecting roller, and it is driven the variation that realizes base 311 mobile alignments by turning device, for example, can be bearing circle 3200 of the prior art and turning device with matching.
Base 311 can also be provided with driving mechanism, as generator etc., to drive base 311 to drive vapourizing furnace body 310 to move together.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310 passes through its diapire bearing in this base 311, and the first side pivot joint of its bottom near the first side wall one side and this base 311, make this vapourizing furnace body 310 there are vertical and horizontal two states, and can between two states, change by driving mechanism, to simplify furnace binding, make described step formula industry gasification furnace without too much peripheral auxiliary equipment.
The specific form of described driving mechanism is not limit, can be for example, the second side of this base 311 has the first driving mechanism that this vapourizing furnace body 310 is lifted near a side of the second sidewall, and the second side of this base 311 also has selectivity tension, unclamps second driving mechanism of this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the second sidewall one side.So setting both can have been simplified one-piece construction, can make again the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism all be arranged at the same side (being the side near the second sidewall in the present embodiment), handled easily.In the present embodiment, described the first driving mechanism is whisky jack 321, and described the second driving mechanism is windlass 322.The base 311 of whisky jack 321 and the body of windlass 322 are located at base 311, it (is to be provided with a top bracing member 3211 in the bottom of the second sidewall in the present embodiment near the bottom of the second sidewall one side that the push rod 3210 of whisky jack 321 peaks at this vapourizing furnace body 310, the push rod of corresponding whisky jack 321, also can directly peak at the second sidewall or diapire near the second sidewall one side), it (is to be provided with a drawing piece on the top of the second sidewall in the present embodiment near the top of the second sidewall one side that the serving 3220 of windlass 322 is connected in this vapourizing furnace body 310, as clasp, the serving 3220 of corresponding windlass 322).
Described driving mechanism can be also existing various driving mechanism.
The top of described the first side wall is provided with feet 323, so that described vapourizing furnace body 310 is when horizontal, plays a supportive role.
Described step formula industry gasification furnace methodology as follows:
1, by the second sidewall one side of whisky jack 321 jack-up vapourizing furnace bodies 310, during to certain angle, utilize the top of the second sidewall of windlass 322 tractive vapourizing furnace bodies 310, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, takes out grate 315;
2, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in grate 315, then grate 315 is inserted in furnace chamber 3111, close end cap 314, make furnace chamber 3111 top seals;
3, utilize the reverse execution step 1 of windlass 322 and whisky jack 321, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to vertical;
4, opening point vent 3160 is lighted a fire, afterwards enclosed point vent 3160;
5, the second smoke outlet 318 is communicated with the second combustion chamber 319;
6, open the lowest layer and second layer blast channel 3112(convenient for statement, the lowest layer to the blast channel 3112 of top layer be called to the lowest layer, the second layer, the 3rd layer, the 4th layer and top layer blast channel 3112 successively) air-valve 3120;
7, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of the 3rd layer of blast channel 3112, close the air-valve 3120 of lowest layer blast channel 3112;
8, the first smoke outlet 317 is communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, and closes the second smoke outlet 318;
9,, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of second layer blast channel 3112;
10,, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of top layer blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of the 3rd layer of blast channel 3112;
11, in the first combustion chamber 3150, stop after burning, continue air blast for some time, make the flue gas in furnace chamber 3111 continue to discharge (wherein, can make the second smoke outlet 318 be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, close the first smoke outlet 317, close top layer blast channel 3112 and the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, open lowest layer blast channel 3112);
12, after the interior temperature of furnace chamber 3111 is reduced to a certain degree, by the method for step 1, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, takes out grate 315;
13, solid slag is taken out, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is finished dealing with.
14, repeat abovementioned steps 2 to 13 and carry out continuously the processing of solid combustible.
Wherein, each step can be adjusted according to actual needs, especially the execution sequence capable of regulating between step 4 and step 5, step 5 and step 6, step 7 and step 8.
Vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity in the present embodiment are two, and the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 is one, and the first exhanst gas outlet of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet are all inputted burning in same the second combustion chamber 319.
Wherein, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310 in different combustion phases, for example, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310 in the burning initial stage, its second exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310 in burning mid-term, its first exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310 in the time of all burnt exhaust cycle, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310 in burning mid-term, its second exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, make to input flammable smoke combustion in the second combustion chamber 319 more abundant, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity wherein can be more than three, the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 can be one, the first exhanst gas outlet of more than three vapourizing furnace body 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet are all inputted burning in same the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 in each vapourizing furnace body 310 in different combustion phases, make to input flammable smoke combustion in the second combustion chamber 319 more abundant, substantially can keep remaining state of combustion in the second combustion chamber 319, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, can be also that multiple replacements are used, and that alternately changes is connected with heat medium passage respectively.
Described drive unit 40, it has a motor 41 and a variator 42(is generally speed reduction unit), the output shaft of speed reduction unit extends in isolation section 101, and is provided with one end connection of a ring flange for shaftless spiral conveyor 20.
Described device for recovering oil and gas 50, it has a cooling apparatus 500, the feed(raw material)inlet 501 of cooling apparatus 500 connects oil gas vent 130, and cooling apparatus 500 has the first outlet 502 for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet 503 of the oil gas of liquefaction of output.
Wherein, described the second outlet 503 connects the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance 3192) of heating unit 30.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, also comprises:
Described feeding device 60, it has a storage bin 600, the first seal valve 601 and the second seal valve 602.
Described the first seal valve 601 is located at the feeding mouth of storage bin 600, and feeding mouth and the outside atmosphere of selectively unlocking, the described storage bin 600 of sealing;
Described the second seal valve 602, is located at the discharge port of storage bin 600, and discharge port and the described solid material inlet of selectively unlocking, the described storage bin 600 of sealing.
Wherein, described the first seal valve 601 and the second seal valve 602 one of them in the time of opened condition, wherein another is in closed state, so that it is reinforced to realize sealing, even if when leaking appears in the sealing of solid material inlet selfsealings section, also can avoid the gas being leaked by solid materials pyrolysis processing section to enter atmosphere by feeding device, cause environmental pollution or smell not good.
Described the first seal valve 601 is also connected with hopper, first enters hopper through the solid materials of tape transport, and hopper is tapered, exports littlely, enters storage bin 600 for solid materials through the first seal valve 601.
The working process of described feeding device 60 can be:
Solid materials enters hopper through conveying belt;
The second seal valve 602 is in sealed state;
Open the first seal valve 601, make solid materials enter storage bin 600;
Close the first seal valve 601;
Open the second seal valve 602, make solid materials enter interior passageway 100 through solid material inlet 110;
Close the second seal valve 602.
Wherein, after solid materials enters interior passageway 100, control motor 41 and turn round, drive shaftless spiral conveyor 20, it is delivered to solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
Wherein, described the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602 can be electric rotating heart valve.
Described control center 70, it can be SCM system, it is electrically connected, and controls its operation with motor 41, the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602.
Wherein, for ease of carrying out continuously of processing, also execution interval formula conveying operations accordingly of described conveying belt.
Described smoke eliminator 80, the smoke inlet of described smoke eliminator 80 connects described low temperature heating agent outlet 302.
In the present embodiment, described low temperature heating agent exports 302 places and is provided with induced draft fan 303, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release can be introduced to predetermined position and carry out emission treatment or reuse, for example, can adopt water for cooling, purification, to reach emission standard.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of above-mentioned any employing worm drive, the temperature in described enclosed space is 600 DEG C, gaseous tension is 0.01kpa.
The operational process of the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present utility model is as follows:
1, end cap 121, in closing condition, makes solid slag outlet 120 in closed state;
2, by solid material inlet 110 continuous chargings, make solid materials form selfsealings in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, utilize solid materials that solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 is sealed;
3, drive shaftless spiral conveyor 20 solid materials to be delivered to by solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 in the enclosed space of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 by motor 41 and carry out pyrolysis;
4, the solid slag that pyrolysis produces continues to be delivered to solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 by shaftless spiral conveyor 20, when solid slag is stacked into while to a certain degree forming selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, opens end cap 121;
5, the oil gas that pyrolysis produces exports device for recovering oil and gas 50 to by oil gas vent 130;
6, the fluid that oil gas liquefaction forms is by the first outlet 501 outputs of the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50, and the oil gas of liquefaction does not export reuse in the second combustion chamber of heating unit 30 to by the second outlet 502 of the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50;
7, in the second combustion chamber of heating unit 30 burning produce high-temperature flue gas be delivered to continuously in heating agent path 300 by high temperature heating agent entrance 301, enclosed space is heated, maintain pyrolysis continue carry out;
8, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release is by low temperature heating agent outlet 302 outputs.
Referring to Fig. 7, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of the self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of the utility model the second embodiment, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is mainly, and described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, the inner diameter D 2 of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is greater than the inner diameter D 1 of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, the screw diameter D4 of described conveyor screw in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is also greater than the screw diameter D3 in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly, and described shaftless spiral conveyor 20 is at the intersection reducing of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 and solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.So make conveyor screw adapt with the internal diameter of interior passageway 100 all the time, ensure the transport efficiency of conveyor screw, avoid occurring deposition, and can make solid materials fully be processed in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
In addition, the oil gas of discharging through oil gas vent 130 in interior passageway 100 can be not treated, direct reuse (in the present embodiment, it directly being transported to the second combustible gas entrance 3192 of the second combustion chamber 319, so that it burns and give reuse in the second combustion chamber 319).
Referring to Fig. 8, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of the utility model the 3rd embodiment, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is only, its solid slag outlet 120 is connected with solid slag transfer passage 105, carries to realize location.
The entrance of described solid slag transfer passage 105 connects solid slag outlet 120, it goes out mouth down and offers, solid slag drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet 120 under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to outlet, naturally falls.
Referring to Fig. 9, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of this utility model the 4th embodiment, its one-piece construction is identical with the 3rd embodiment, difference is only, in its solid slag transfer passage 105, be provided with the second conveyor screw 106, and the outlet of solid slag transfer passage 105 is offered upward, so can ensure that solid slag exports the sealing effectiveness at 120 places, avoid the gas leakage causing because of poorly sealed.
Solid slag drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet 120 under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to export and form accumulation, transports discharge afterwards by described the second conveyor screw 106.
Referring to Figure 10, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of the utility model the 5th embodiment, its one-piece construction is identical with the 4th embodiment, difference is only, the outlet of its solid slag transfer passage 105 exports 120 towards identical with the solid slag of interior passageway 100, and the free end that is provided with the second conveyor screw 106, the second conveyor screws 106 in its solid slag transfer passage 105 extends to described solid slag and exports 120 places and the solid slag of accumulation is transported.
Referring to Figure 11, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of the utility model the 6th embodiment, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, difference is only, in the isolation section 101 of interior passageway 100, a side of the first end of close interior passageway 100 is filled with certain thickness lagging material 107, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 is less than the length of isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of drive unit 30 drives and is connected with the first end of shaftless spiral conveyor 20 through lagging material 107.
Wherein, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 can equal the length of isolation section 101, and the first end of shaftless spiral conveyor 20 is located in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present utility model, it is compared prior art tool and has the following advantages:
1, its necking down setting by solid material inlet selfsealings section and reason spiral promote to realize solid slag in the accumulation selfsealings of solid slag outlet selfsealings section, when realizing continuous charging and slag tap, utilize solid waste itself to realize the selfsealings to pyrolysis space, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, realize the real operation continuously of solid waste pyrolysis processing, avoided reinforced and the waste of tapping process to pyrolysis heat energy;
2, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and its conveying solid substance refuse simple in structure, can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to continuous pyrolysis and process carrying out smoothly of solid waste, and can ensure good conveying effect, can not cause the deposition of solid materials, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section;
3, it is provided with the heating system matching with continuous pyrolysis processing, and heating system and continuous pyrolysis can process same solid materials, makes the full-automatic continous processing system efficiency of entirety high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect, wherein,
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage, make described step formula industry gasification furnace to carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible, for example can only carry out air blast to the zone of combustion in state of combustion, so, can ensure that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needing, can ensure again the state of entirety in anoxic or few oxygen burning in furnace chamber, make solid combustible gasification more abundant, for example, solid combustible in furnace chamber can be established and be the multilayer of arranging up and down, and make its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and the zone of combustion in state of combustion is carried out to layering air blast, so, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustibles, especially before being more applicable for processing, substantially not changing or change very little solid combustible with external structure form after treatment, as glass reinforced plastic etc., can process same solid materials with pyrolysis system.
By the first smoke outlet being set in the bottom of vapourizing furnace body, make the flue gas producing after the combustible solid wastes by utilizing burning in grate first arrive furnace chamber top, due to furnace chamber top seal, flue gas is along furnace chamber anti-stream downwards, while passing through the zone of combustion in state of combustion, part composition wherein burns again, reaches the effect of flue.
By the second combustion chamber is set, and described the first smoke outlet and/or the second smoke outlet connect the second combustion chamber, make again to burn in the second combustion chamber through the flue gas of the first smoke outlet and/or the discharge of the second smoke outlet, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing, owing to being anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber, produce a large amount of combustible gases, through after the anti-stream in the first combustion chamber purifies, this combustible gas is not burnt in the first combustion chamber, burn away but go in the second combustion chamber, the combustible gas that both can make solid combustible gasification produce is fully used, can also reduce the purity of the flue gas producing after combustible gas burning, do not need complicated flue gas purifying equipment can reach emission standard, reduce the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, also simplified accordingly one-piece construction of the present utility model,
4, simple, the time cost of its operating process significantly reduces, save manpower, and reduced utility appliance, made its one-piece construction simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, is conducive to quantity-produced and carries out smoothly, and, for reluctant continuous shape solid waste in batch operation, it can also be processed easily, without operations such as pulverizing, cuttings;
5, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection.

Claims (10)

1. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, is characterized in that, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, the second end of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body and is formed the whole process of the solid materials in interior passageway is carried, and extended to apart from described solid slag outlet a distance by described solid material inlet, this segment distance forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section and utilizes promotion and the extruding of conveyor screw to solid slag to form the sealing to described solid slag outlet; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section.
2. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: between the end of the first end of described interior passageway and this solid material inlet, be also provided with an isolation section.
3. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device, and described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
The first seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth that seals described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
The second seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the discharge port that seals described storage bin and described solid material inlet,
Wherein, described the first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them in the time of opened condition, wherein another is in closed state.
4. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage and the second conveyor screw located therein.
5. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap of this solid slag outlet.
6. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
7. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive as described in claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 6, is characterized in that, described heating unit also comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, outside furnace wall, be provided with multiple air-valves, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
8. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: the second exhanst gas outlet that described exhanst gas outlet refers to be located at the first exhanst gas outlet of vapourizing furnace body bottom and/or is located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
9. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: also there is the second combustion chamber, this second combustion chamber is located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described the second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described the first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
10. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described the second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by pipeline,
Or,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by a device for recovering oil and gas,
Wherein, described device for recovering oil and gas has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet of the oil gas of liquefaction of output, described the second outlet connects described the second combustible gas entrance.
CN201420207707.5U 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission CN203866250U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420207707.5U CN203866250U (en) 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420207707.5U CN203866250U (en) 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203866250U true CN203866250U (en) 2014-10-08

Family

ID=51647229

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420207707.5U CN203866250U (en) 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Full-automatic self-closed solid combustible matter continuous processing system adopting spiral transmission

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203866250U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103923671A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 王嘉成 Screw-driven full-automatic continuous treatment system for self-closed solid inflammable matters
WO2017042598A3 (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-06-15 ZSENÁKNÉ SÁRKÖZI, Virág Flash pyrolysis reactor
CN107530678A (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-01-02 莱宝比易特Ip私人有限公司 Pyrolysis plant and method
CN110846080A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-28 大唐东北电力试验研究院有限公司 Biomass positive-pressure circulating fluidized bed gasification furnace fly ash cooling system

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103923671A (en) * 2014-04-25 2014-07-16 王嘉成 Screw-driven full-automatic continuous treatment system for self-closed solid inflammable matters
CN103923671B (en) * 2014-04-25 2016-03-02 王嘉成 Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive
US10696904B2 (en) 2015-04-20 2020-06-30 Rainbow Bee Eater Ip Pty Ltd Pyrolysis apparatus and method
CN107530678A (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-01-02 莱宝比易特Ip私人有限公司 Pyrolysis plant and method
EP3285920A4 (en) * 2015-04-20 2018-12-19 Rainbow Bee Eater IP Pty Ltd. Pyrolysis apparatus and method
AU2016250908B2 (en) * 2015-04-20 2019-11-21 Rainbow Bee Eater Ip Pty Ltd Pyrolysis apparatus and method
WO2017042597A3 (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-06-29 ZSENÁKNÉ SÁRKÖZI, Virág Method and apparatus to thermally decompose organic materials
WO2017042598A3 (en) * 2015-09-07 2017-06-15 ZSENÁKNÉ SÁRKÖZI, Virág Flash pyrolysis reactor
CN110846080A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-28 大唐东北电力试验研究院有限公司 Biomass positive-pressure circulating fluidized bed gasification furnace fly ash cooling system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102816690B (en) Spiral self-stirring dry fermenting device and method
CN201040744Y (en) Biomass fluidization dynamic pyrolysis furnace
CN102889599B (en) Wet sewage sludge combustion furnace
CN207227348U (en) Waste rubber cracking system
CN103075727B (en) High-efficiency and environment-friendly coal-fired system for vertical boiler with bottom-built burner
CN201964423U (en) Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment
CN102433160B (en) Control method for biomass gasification equipment
CN103624060A (en) Continuous high-temperature oxygen-isolated carbonization process for treatment of municipal solid waste and apparatus used therein
CN102322630B (en) Method and devices for burning macromolecular matters efficiently and cleanly
CN105907425A (en) Biomass downdraft type gasification air and heat supply system
WO2017049743A1 (en) Fresh air pre-heating fuel dust recovery type gasification furnace
CN102329656B (en) Downdraft biomass gasification reaction chamber and gasification process thereof
CN105602622B (en) A kind of internal combustion type biomass gasifying furnace
CN105444183B (en) Stoker fired grate formula rubbish list furnace gas CIU and its processing method
CN105090993B (en) Built-in comprehensive drying and incinerating system for sludge and drying and incinerating method for sludge
CN203115991U (en) High-efficiency environment-friendly coal burning system with vertical boiler with bottom burner
CN102145343B (en) Integrated garbage treatment and utilization method for effectively controlling dioxin
CN206385084U (en) A kind of continous way charging and solid and gas are automatically separated the carbonizing plant of reduction and gaseous charcoal processed
CN201746512U (en) Improved environment-friendly and energy-saving cracking device
CN104640959B (en) Utilize the gasification reactor apparatus of biological energy source
CN104566487B (en) Totally-enclosed flue gas circulation system of straw gasification stove
CN103725298B (en) Device and the technique of biological fuel gas are produced in the destructive distillation of a kind of self-fluidized type high power CW
CN103695012A (en) Harmless pure gas extraction method and double-furnace folding garbage combustion furnace used in same
CN101307151A (en) Apparatus for treating waste and old tyres
CN102649550A (en) Carbonization-activation integrated activated carbon production apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141008

Effective date of abandoning: 20160302

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting