CN103923671B - Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive - Google Patents

Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive Download PDF

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CN103923671B
CN103923671B CN201410171238.0A CN201410171238A CN103923671B CN 103923671 B CN103923671 B CN 103923671B CN 201410171238 A CN201410171238 A CN 201410171238A CN 103923671 B CN103923671 B CN 103923671B
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solid
outlet
combustible
inlet
self
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CN103923671A (en
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王嘉成
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王嘉成
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive, it comprises: body, described body has an interior passageway, and the first end of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, and the second end of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet; And conveyor screw, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body, and extended to by described solid material inlet and export a distance apart from described solid slag, to form the whole process conveying of the solid materials in inward passage, and conveyor screw is utilized the promotion of solid slag to be formed to the sealing exported described solid slag.Solid material inlet to the solid slag outlet of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section successively, and the area in described solid material inlet selfsealings section cross section is less than the area in described solid materials pyrolysis processing section cross section.The present invention can process continuously to solid materials.

Description

Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive
Technical field
The present invention relates to the full-automatic continous processing system of a kind of solid combustible, especially a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive, it has, and structure is simple, energy consumption is low, the advantage of environmental protection.
Background technology
Solid waste of a great variety, and complicated, for avoiding environment, need to process usually.The conventional process mode of solid waste mainly contains landfill and burns two kinds.For burning disposal, it can not only realize the effective process to solid waste, can also recycle the heat burning and produce.But also there is a series of drawback in it, as: because solid waste kind differs, complicated is various, and the waste residue and the gaseous product that burn generation can cause secondary pollution, or needs again to process, the composition can again recycled in solid waste is burnt, and causes waste to a certain degree.
For the organism in solid waste, at present, a kind of processing mode is also had to be pyrolysis, i.e. decomposes under anaerobic or anoxia condition, produce flammable low molecular compound, as: hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, methyl alcohol, acetone, acetic acid, acetaldehyde, tar, carbon etc., and existing method for pyrolysis and equipment, as rotating kettle etc., are all reinforced rear these pyrolysis spaces of sealing in pyrolysis space, heating, after pyrolysis completes substantially, then after cooling, solid slag is discharged, and then reinforced, and repeat aforementioned process, mainly there is following drawback in it:
1, it is reinforced, pyrolysis, slag tap and separately carry out, and reinforcedly causes pyrolysis not carry out continuously with tapping process;
2, in batch operation, the treatment time of each batch is long, and overall time cost is high;
3, whole pyrolytic process complicated operation;
4, extra manpower and utility appliance is needed;
5, reinforcedly all carry out under far below the condition of pyrolysis temperature with slagging tap, namely need during pyrolysis to heat, need after pyrolysis to cool, this process must cause the waste of pyrolysis heat energy again;
6, in batch operation, for the solid waste (solid waste as doped with long rope, band etc.) in sequential like, it often causes the crisscross of a large amount of solid waste to tangle, difficult treatment, usually need increase the techniques such as cutting, pulverizing;
7, reinforced, pyrolysis stirring, discharging adopt different power resources respectively, and can not realize the whole process conveying of single-power, its power system architecture is complicated;
8, do not have the heating system matched with pyrolysis system, make heating system need consume extra fuel, or during with the material identical with pyrolysis system, the combustion utilization efficiency of heating system is lower, can not reach the treatment effect same with pyrolysis system;
9, the complicated integral structure of system, investment is large, maintenance cost is high.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive, its structure is simple, can continuous pyrolysis process solid waste, the waste avoiding pyrolysis heat energy, energy consumption is low, simple to operate, time cost is low, environmental protection.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive, it is provided with the heating system matched with continuous pyrolysis process, make overall full-automatic continous processing system efficiency high, and consistent preferably treatment effect can be reached.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive, it is provided with the single-power delivery system matched with continuous pyrolysis process, the conveying solid substance refuse that its structure is simple, can be self-sealed continuously, is conducive to carrying out smoothly of continuous pyrolysis process solid waste.
In order to achieve the above object, main technical schemes provided by the invention comprises:
Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end (being preferably located at the upper side of described interior passageway) of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, second end (being preferably end face) of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively to solid slag outlet, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, whole process for the solid materials in inward passage is carried, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body, and extended to by described solid material inlet and export a distance apart from described solid slag, this segment distance place forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and utilizes conveyor screw to form to the promotion of solid slag and extruding the sealing exported described solid slag; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section.
The present invention only uses a conveyor screw to realize and carries the whole process of solid materials, can remarkable simplified construction, and, the end face of the second end of interior passageway is located in solid slag outlet, and conveyor screw does not extend to solid slag outlet, make this solid slag under the promotion of conveyor screw and extruding, realize the accumulation exported at solid slag, this banking process, solid slag not only can be utilized to realize the sealing exported solid slag, solid slag can also be made to have certain cooling time, because the Yu Wen etc. of solid slag causes thermal pollution or odor contamination to environment when avoiding quickly discharging, further increase its environment friendly.
Wherein, described solid slag is enough to the seal degree that solid slag exports the gaseous tension maintained in described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is 0.01kpa.
Wherein, solid material inlet to the solid slag outlet of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section successively, described conveyor screw can extend to this solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, and the area in described first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section.
By conveyor screw, material is advanced in interior passageway successively, the pan feeding of solid materials, conveying, pyrolysis processing and discharging all complete in interior passageway, make its one-piece construction simpler, and, solid material inlet selfsealings section small cross sections be arranged so that it can utilize solid materials self to realize sealing effectiveness, namely the solid materials entered in interior passageway is comparatively fine and close because of this first less cross section, self-packing effect is realized at solid material inlet place with this, further simplify one-piece construction, improve sealing effectiveness, and the second larger cross section, the state that material can be comparatively loose is made to enter solid materials pyrolysis processing section, make the pyrolysis processing of solid materials more abundant.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet selfsealings section has the 3rd cross section, and the area in described 3rd cross section equals the area in the second cross section.
Wherein, an isolation section is also provided with between the end of the first end of described body and this solid material inlet selfsealings section.
Wherein, described isolation section is a cavity.
Wherein, lagging material is filled with in described isolation section.
Wherein, described isolation section has the 4th cross section, and the area in described 4th cross section equals the area in the first cross section.
Wherein, the cylindrical shell that is arranged horizontally of described body.
Described solid material inlet is preferably located at the upper side of the first end of described interior passageway, and the end face of the second end of interior passageway is preferably located in described solid slag outlet.
Wherein, described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device (being preferably vertical setting), and described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
First seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth closing described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
Second seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the discharge port closing described storage bin and described solid material inlet.
Wherein, described first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them when being in opened condition, wherein another is then in closed state.
Wherein, the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage, and its entrance connects solid slag outlet, its outlet towards export identical with solid slag, or with it at an angle, such as, can upward, down, towards a left side or towards the right side.
Wherein, can also be provided with the second conveyor screw in solid slag transfer passage, the free end of described second conveyor screw extends to described solid slag exit and is transported by the solid slag of accumulation.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap of this solid slag outlet.
Wherein, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, wherein,
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is one, it is arranged near described solid material inlet selfsealings section;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is two, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is more than three, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and all the other are located at therebetween.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, it also comprises drive unit, the first end of described conveyor screw drives with the output shaft of described drive unit and is connected, described drive unit is the combination of motor or motor and variator, and the output shaft of described drive unit is the output shaft of motor shaft or variator accordingly.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, wherein, described vapourizing furnace bodies top has solid materials gangway, and described vapourizing furnace body passes through pivot and the base pivot joint of bottom, to change between horizontal and vertical two states.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, it also comprises heating unit, and described heating unit comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, multiple air-valve is provided with outside furnace wall, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described exhanst gas outlet comprises the first exhanst gas outlet being located at vapourizing furnace body bottom portion and/or the second exhanst gas outlet being located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
Wherein, the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, it also has the second combustion chamber, this second combustion chamber is located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described furnace chamber by T-valve and the second combustion chamber, and when described first flue gas mouth is different with the second exhanst gas outlet and the second combustion chamber.
Wherein, described second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance, and described oil gas vent is connected with described second combustible gas entrance by pipeline.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, it also comprises:
Device for recovering oil and gas, it has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for exporting the fluid that cooling is formed, and for exporting the second outlet of the oil gas do not liquefied.
Wherein, described second outlet can connect the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance of connection second combustion chamber) of heating unit.
Wherein, the flue gas exported using furnace chamber or the second combustion chamber is the solid materials heating in interior passageway as heating agent.
Wherein, heating system also has a heat medium passage, and heat medium passage has high temperature heating agent entrance and the outlet of low temperature heating agent, and high temperature heating agent entrance connects exhanst gas outlet or high-temperature flue gas outlet.
Wherein, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section of the interior passageway of body is located in heat medium passage.
Wherein, also comprise: smoke eliminator, its smoke inlet connects the outlet of described low temperature heating agent.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, wherein, described conveyor screw is shaftless conveyor screw, affect quantity-produced to avoid the generation when carrying the solid waste (as thread, banded rope, band etc., or being wherein mingled with the foreign material such as iron wire) of sequential like to tangle the phenomenons such as card knot to carry out smoothly.
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, wherein, described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, when described reducing conveyor screw refers to the internal diameter change of described interior passageway, the change that the radius of spin of described conveyor screw and the internal diameter of interior passageway adapt.
Wherein, when the internal diameter of solid materials pyrolysis processing section is greater than the internal diameter of solid material inlet selfsealings section, the described conveyor screw screw diameter be in solid materials pyrolysis processing section is also greater than the screw diameter in solid material inlet selfsealings section accordingly.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present invention, it is reinforced and utilize solid waste to itself has implemented selfsealings to pyrolysis space while slagging tap, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, achieve the real of solid waste pyrolysis processing to run continuously, avoid and feed in raw material with tapping process to the waste of pyrolysis heat energy, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection, its operating process is simple, time cost significantly reduces, save manpower, and decrease utility appliance, and its one-piece construction is simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, be conducive to quantity-produced to carry out smoothly, and, for sequential like solid waste reluctant in batch operation, it can also process easily, without the need to pulverizing, the operations such as cutting, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and its structure is simple, conveying solid substance refuse that can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to carrying out smoothly of continuous pyrolysis process solid waste, and good conveying effect can be ensured, the deposition of solid materials can not be caused, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section, it is provided with the heating system matched with continuous pyrolysis process, and heating system and continuous pyrolysis can process same solid materials, it is provided with multilayer air blast passage, and the first smoke outlet is arranged on the bottom of vapourizing furnace body, and be provided with the structure of the second combustion chamber, make overall full-automatic continous processing system efficiency high, and consistent preferably treatment effect can be reached.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of the vapourizing furnace of heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is another view stereo schematic diagram of the vapourizing furnace of heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the horizontal decomposing schematic representation of the vapourizing furnace of heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 be in Fig. 4 A-A to part sectioned view.
Fig. 6 be in Fig. 4 B-B to part sectioned view.
Fig. 7 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of second embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in third embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in fourth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in fifth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the isolation section in sixth embodiment of the invention.
[main element nomenclature]
Conveying body 10, interior passageway 100, solid material inlet 110, solid slag outlet 120, end cap 121, isolation section 101, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103, solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, solid slag transfer passage 105, second conveyor screw 106, lagging material 107, oil gas vent 130, shaftless screw conveying belt 20, heating unit 30, heating agent path 300, high temperature heating agent entrance 301, low temperature heating agent outlet 302, induced draft fan 303, step formula industry gasification furnace 31, vapourizing furnace body 310, base 311, furnace wall 3110, furnace chamber 3111, blast channel 3112, air-valve 3120, air outlet 3121, gas blower 33, second gas blower 34, opening 313, end cap 314, grate 315, first combustion chamber 3150, roller 3151, lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting door 3160, first smoke outlet 317, pipeline 3170, second smoke outlet 318, pipeline 3180, second combustion chamber 319, second combustible gas entrance 3192, three-way valve 3122, wheel 320, bearing circle 3200, whisky jack 321, push rod 3210, top bracing member 3211, windlass 322, serving 3220, feet 323, drive unit 40, motor 41, variator 42, device for recovering oil and gas 50, cooling apparatus 500, feed(raw material)inlet 501, first outlet 502, second outlet 503, feeding device 60, storage bin 600, first seal valve 601, second seal valve 602, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Embodiment
For ease of understanding, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of first embodiment of the invention, it comprises: body 10, shaftless screw conveying belt 20, heating unit 30, drive unit 40, device for recovering oil and gas 50, feeding device 60, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Described body 10, overall in tubular, horizontal setting (being preferably horizontally disposed with), inside is provided with an interior passageway 100, the upper side of the first end of this interior passageway 100 is provided with the solid material inlet 110 for input solid materials, the end face of the second end is provided with the solid slag outlet 120 for output solid material (can be solid slag), this solid slag outlet 120 is provided with one can the end cap 121 of folding, this end cap 121 can make solid slag outlet 120 open or be formed closed, between this solid material inlet 110 and solid slag outlet 120, there is the isolation section 101 set gradually, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, this isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 have the first internal diameter D1, this solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 have the second internal diameter D2, and the first internal diameter D1 is less than the second internal diameter D2, this solid material inlet 110 is located between isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, when solid materials forms sealing respectively in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 forms the enclosed space that supplies solid materials pyrolysis, described interior passageway 100 also has the oil gas vent 130 for exporting the oil gas that pyrolysis produces, this oil gas vent 130 is located at solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and its seal cavity is in communication with the outside.
Wherein, the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is more than one (being three) in the present embodiment.
Wherein, when the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is one, it is arranged near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is two, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and wherein another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is more than three, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and all the other are located at therebetween.
Described shaftless screw conveying belt 20, be located at body 10 inner, it has first end and the second end, its first end is located in isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of connecting drive device 40 is for receiving power input, and (drive unit 40 described in the present embodiment is the combination of motor 41 and variator 42, the power output shaft of described drive unit 40 is the output shaft of variator 42 accordingly), its second end is located in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 (or being located at the end of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103), and and solid slag export 120 between be provided with certain distance h, solid materials is promoted (also referred to as solid slag to utilize shaftless screw conveying belt 20, remaining solids after referring to pyrolysis) be piled up in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and utilize the impellent of shaftless screw conveying belt 20 to make solid materials form selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and after formation sealing, utilize the lasting impellent of shaftless screw conveying belt 20 that solid slag is discharged by solid slag outlet 120, realize the automatic seal type discharging of solid slag.
Described heating unit 30, it can adopt any form to heat, as high-temperature flue gas, steam, fire, electric heating etc.
In the present embodiment, described heating unit 30, it has heating agent path 300, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 of the interior passageway 100 of described body 10 to be located in this heating agent path 300 and by heating medium for heating, the high temperature heating agent entrance 301 of this heating agent path 300 is located near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 side, low temperature heating agent outlet 302 is located near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 side, i.e. heating agent and the reverse conveying of solid materials, heat energy can not only be made to be fully used, also make in interior passageway 100, to form the different pyrolysis zone of multistage temperature, and then make the pyrolysis of solid materials more thorough.
Wherein, described heating agent can be flue gas or steam.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, described heating agent is flue gas.
Described heating unit 30, it also comprises step formula industry gasification furnace 31, and this step formula industry gasification furnace comprises vapourizing furnace body 310 and base 311.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310, overall in a cuboid, (the first side wall is relative with the second sidewall to have four sidewalls, 3rd sidewall is relative with the 4th sidewall) furnace wall 3110 that forms with diapire, the furnace chamber 3111 that surrounded by furnace wall 3110, and the multilayer air blast passage 3112 arranged up and down, be provided with multiple air-valve 3120 outside furnace wall 3110, every layer of at least corresponding described air-valve 3120 of blast channel 3112, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with at least one air outlet 3121 in furnace chamber 3111.
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage 3112, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible.Such as only can carry out air blast to the zone of combustion being in state of combustion, so, can ensure that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needed, can ensure that again in furnace chamber 3111, entirety is in the state of anoxic or few oxygen burning, makes solid combustible gasify more abundant.Such as, the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111 can establish the multilayer in arranging up and down, and makes its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and carries out layering air blast to the zone of combustion being in state of combustion.So, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustible, the external structure form before being especially more applicable for process and after process does not substantially change or changes very little solid combustible, as glass reinforced plastic etc.
In the present embodiment, 5 layers of described blast channel 3112 are located in outside furnace wall 3110, and connect a gas blower 33 by a total air channel, are provided with support outside furnace wall 3110, and gas blower 33 is set up in furnace wall 3110 by this.The the 3rd or the 4th sidewall is preferably located at by described gas blower 33.
Wherein, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with a described air-valve 3120, and every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with in multiple air outlet 3121(the present embodiment and is 4 every layer, be located at the middle part on four limits respectively), to make the one-piece construction of body of heater simple, and facilitate red-tape operati, and ensure high efficiency.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of each layer up and down just to setting, also can be misplaced setting, is up and down just to setting in the present embodiment.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of every layer between two just to setting, also can be misplaced setting mutually, is between two just to setting in the present embodiment.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of lowest layer blast channel 3112 is h1 apart from the height inside furnace bottom, and the interlamellar spacing between adjacent layers blast channel 3112 is h2, and the air outlet 3121 of most top layer blast channel 3112 is h3 apart from the height inside furnace roof.Be preferably, h1 < h2 < h3, to ensure higher processing efficiency, solid combustible gasified more abundant.
In the present embodiment, h2 is the twice of h1, and h3 is more than the twice of h2.
The top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with opening 313, and opening 313 is provided with selectively unlocking, closes the end cap 314 at furnace chamber 3111 top, and end cap 314 can be connected by the top of pin-joint mechanism with furnace wall 3110, as passed through gemel connection.Described hinge is preferably located at the 3rd sidewall or the 4th sidewall, with handled easily.
Be provided with grate 315 in described furnace chamber 3111, grate 315 can be inserted furnace chamber 3111 by this opening 313 or be taken out in furnace chamber 3111.The solid waste kind so making it be applicable to process is more, wider, substantially not by the restriction of solid waste kind, especially the solid waste that before and after solid waste disposal, global shape does not change substantially also can be suitable for, and handled easily, input and output material, easy to maintenance, and failure rate is low, can continuous seepage.
Have accommodation space in grate 315, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in this accommodation space, and inserts in furnace chamber 3111 with grate 315.During solid combustible burning, this accommodation space is the first combustion chamber 3150, and combustible solid wastes by utilizing is anoxycausis in this first combustion chamber 3150.After burning terminates, after solid combustible burning, remaining solid slag is removed by this open top 313 with grate 315.
For ease of burning produce flue gas reflux and avoid furnace wall 3110 temperature too high, be provided with certain distance h4 between grate 315 outer wall and furnace chamber 3111 inwall.
In the present embodiment, between grate 315 outer wall and furnace chamber 3111 inwall, be provided with roller, grate 315 can be facilitated to take out, insert, can ensure again to maintain a certain distance h4 between grate 315 outer wall and furnace chamber 3111 inwall.
In the present embodiment, grate 315 is the cuboid adapted with furnace chamber 3111, and can be reticulated structure, its surrounding be equipped with roller 3151.Wherein, the side corresponding to the first side wall is provided with the roller that two rows are set up in parallel, so that the inserting of grate 315, to take out.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting-up tuyere 316 in the present embodiment is for being provided with the lighting door 3160 of openable, after opening point vent 3160, by lighting-up tuyere 316, the solid combustible in grate 315 is ignited, namely lighting door 3160 is closed, enclosed point burner 316 after igniting.The bottom of the second sidewall is preferably located at by described lighting-up tuyere 316.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with the first smoke outlet 317.First the flue gas produced after combustible solid wastes by utilizing burning in grate 315 arrives furnace chamber 3111 top, due to furnace chamber 3111 top seal, flue gas is along furnace chamber 3111 reflux downwards, through being in the zone of combustion of state of combustion, fractions wherein burns again, reach the effect of flue, the flue gas after purification is discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 through the first smoke outlet 317.
Described first smoke outlet 317 is preferably located at the bottom of the 3rd or the 4th sidewall, and is provided separately with described gas blower 33, namely the two one of be located at the 3rd sidewall, another is then located at the 4th sidewall.Be preferably the two with being located near the first side wall or the second sidewall.Because solid combustible is in the process of the first combustion chamber 3150 combustion, the flue gas that burning produces both had had forward flow from bottom to top, also there is top-down reversed flow, therefore, the flying dust produced in combustion processes concentrates on the first smoke outlet 317 place being positioned at furnace chamber 3111 bottom usually, described lighting door 3160 is more preferably described first smoke outlet 317 to arrange near described lighting door 3160, so that can use as ash output hole simultaneously.
The step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with the second combustion chamber 319, and described first smoke outlet 317 connects the second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the first smoke outlet 317 again burns, fully to discharge the energy wherein contained in the second combustion chamber 319.Owing to being anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150, create a large amount of combustible gases, through after the reflux purification in the first combustion chamber 3150, this combustible gas is not burnt in the first combustion chamber 3150, but go in the second combustion chamber 319 and burn away, the combustible gas that solid combustible gasification both can have been made to produce is fully used, the purity of the flue gas produced after can also reducing combustible gas burning, complicated flue gas purifying equipment is not needed to reach emission standard, reduce the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, the one-piece construction of the treatment system adopted when also simplifying process solid combustible accordingly.In the present embodiment, described first smoke outlet 317 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline extended straight up 3170.
In order to make its sufficient combustion, described second combustion chamber 319 connects the second gas blower 34 of its oxygen supply promising.The side of described second combustion chamber 319 is located at by described second gas blower 34, and the opposite side of described second combustion chamber 319 is also provided with a second combustible gas entrance 3192.
In the present embodiment, be preferably, described second combustion chamber 319 be also connected with by burning after produce flue gas extraction induced draft fan, with make burning more smoothly, more abundant.
In the present embodiment, the top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is also provided with the second smoke outlet 318.The flue gas that burning produces can also be discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 by this second smoke outlet 318.The setting of this second smoke outlet 318, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace, can be easier at the initial stage of solid combustible burning, namely improves the starting efficiency of solid combustible anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150, operation of being more convenient for.This second smoke outlet 318 can be closed after the initial combustion stage terminates, to improve the degree of purification of the whole efficiency of anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150 and the combustible fumes by the first smoke outlet 317 discharge.
In the present embodiment, described second smoke outlet 318 also connects described second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the second smoke outlet 318 again burns, fully to discharge the energy wherein contained in the second combustion chamber 319.In the present embodiment, described second smoke outlet 318 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline extended straight down 3180.
In order to make the solid combustible waste in furnace chamber 3111 processed more abundant, the step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with three-way valve 3122, this three-way valve 3122 has two entrances and an outlet, described first smoke outlet 317 connects the first entrance of this three-way valve 3122, described second smoke outlet 318 connects the second entrance of this three-way valve 3122, and the entrance of described second combustion chamber 319 connects the outlet of this three-way valve 3122.
And, processed more fully to make solid combustible waste further, described first smoke outlet 317 is communicated with the second combustion chamber 319 time different with the second smoke outlet 318, namely this second combustion chamber 319 is communicated with the first combustion chamber 3150 by means of only the first smoke outlet 317 or the second smoke outlet 318, to obtain better treatment effect, solid combustible waste is processed more fully.Accordingly, described three-way valve 3122 can adopt any other existing structures that can reach same or similar effect to replace.
In order to make solid combustible waste be processed more fully further, described three-way valve 3122 is preferably located at 1/3rd At The Heights (for being located between the second layer and third layer blast channel in the present embodiment) of the first combustion chamber 3150.
Processed more fully to make solid combustible waste further, described second combustion chamber 319 is horizontally disposed, namely be in same level height with described three-way valve 3122, namely the second combustion chamber 319 level is located at 1/3rd At The Heights of the first combustion chamber 3150.
Described base 311 has wheel shaft and wheel 320, and wheel 320 is connected to base 311 by wheel shaft and forms the support to base 311, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace convenient mobile, can multiple replacing use.
Base 311 has two groups of wheels 320, also there is turning device, wherein one group of wheel 320 is deflecting roller, and it is driven the change realizing base 311 mobile alignment by turning device, such as, can be bearing circle 3200 of the prior art and turning device with matching.
Base 311 can also be provided with driving mechanism, as generator etc., drives vapourizing furnace body 310 to move together to drive base 311.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310 passes through its diapire bearing in this base 311, and the first side pivot joint of its bottom near the first side wall side and this base 311, this vapourizing furnace body 310 is made to have vertical and horizontal two states, and can be changed between two states by driving mechanism, to simplify furnace binding, make described step formula industry gasification furnace without the need to too much peripheral auxiliary equipment.
The specific form of described driving mechanism is not limit, can be such as, second side of this base 311 has the first driving mechanism lifted near the side of the second sidewall by this vapourizing furnace body 310, and the second side of this base 311 also has selectivity tension, unclamps second driving mechanism of this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the second sidewall side.Setting like this both can simplify one-piece construction, and the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism can be made again to be all arranged at the same side (being the side near the second sidewall in the present embodiment), handled easily.In the present embodiment, described first driving mechanism is whisky jack 321, and described second driving mechanism is windlass 322.The base 311 of whisky jack 321 and the body of windlass 322 are located at base 311, the push rod 3210 of whisky jack 321 peaks at the bottom of this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the second sidewall side (for be provided with a top bracing member 3211 in the bottom of the second sidewall in the present embodiment, the push rod of corresponding whisky jack 321, also the second sidewall or diapire can directly be peaked near the second sidewall side), the serving 3220 of windlass 322 is connected to the top of this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the second sidewall side (for be provided with a drawing piece on the top of the second sidewall in the present embodiment, as clasp, the serving 3220 of corresponding windlass 322).
Described driving mechanism also can be existing various driving mechanism.
The top of described the first side wall is provided with feet 323, so that when described vapourizing furnace body 310 is in horizontal, play a supportive role.
Described step formula industry gasification furnace can methodology as follows:
1, by the second sidewall side of whisky jack 321 jack-up vapourizing furnace body 310, to the top of the second sidewall utilizing windlass 322 tractive vapourizing furnace body 310 during certain angle, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, takes out grate 315;
2, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in grate 315, then grate 315 is inserted in furnace chamber 3111, close end cap 314, make furnace chamber 3111 top seal;
3, utilize windlass 322 and the reverse execution step 1 of whisky jack 321, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to vertical;
4, opening point vent 3160 is lighted a fire, afterwards enclosed point vent 3160;
5, the second smoke outlet 318 is made to be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319;
6, open the lowest layer and second layer blast channel 3112(convenient for statement, the lowest layer to the blast channel 3112 of most top layer be called successively the lowest layer, the second layer, third layer, the 4th layer and most top layer blast channel 3112) air-valve 3120;
7, after for some time to be combusted, open the air-valve 3120 of third layer blast channel 3112, close the air-valve 3120 of lowest layer blast channel 3112;
8, make the first smoke outlet 317 be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, and close the second smoke outlet 318;
9, after for some time to be combusted, open the air-valve 3120 of the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of second layer blast channel 3112;
10, after for some time to be combusted, open the air-valve 3120 of most top layer blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of third layer blast channel 3112;
11, after stopping burning in the first combustion chamber 3150, continue air blast for some time, the flue gas in furnace chamber 3111 is made to continue to discharge (wherein, the second smoke outlet 318 can be made to be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, close the first smoke outlet 317, close most top layer blast channel 3112 and the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, open lowest layer blast channel 3112);
12, be reduced to a certain degree until temperature in furnace chamber 3111, by the method for step 1, vapourizing furnace body 310 be set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, take out grate 315;
13, taken out by solid slag, combustible solid wastes by utilizing process completes.
14, the process that abovementioned steps 2 to 13 carries out solid combustible is continuously repeated.
Wherein, each step can adjust according to actual needs, especially step 4 and the execution sequence adjustable between step 5, step 5 and step 6, step 7 and step 8.
Vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity in the present embodiment is two, and the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 is one, and namely the first exhanst gas outlet of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet all input in same second combustion chamber 319 and burn.
Wherein, different combustion phases is in first combustion chamber 3150 of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310, such as, the burning initial stage is in first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310, then its second exhanst gas outlet connects the second combustion chamber 319, mid-term of burning is in first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310, then its first exhanst gas outlet connects the second combustion chamber 319, when being in all burnt exhaust cycle in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310, mid-term of burning is in first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310, then its second exhanst gas outlet connects the second combustion chamber 319, combustible fumes in input second combustion chamber 319 is burnt more abundant, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity wherein can be more than three, the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 can be one, namely the first exhanst gas outlet of more than three vapourizing furnace bodies 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet all input in same second combustion chamber 319 and burn, different combustion phases is in the first combustion chamber 3150 in each vapourizing furnace body 310, combustible fumes in input second combustion chamber 319 is burnt more abundant, substantially can keep remaining state of combustion in the second combustion chamber 319, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, also can be that multiple replacement uses, that namely alternately changes be connected with heat medium passage respectively.
Described drive unit 40, it has a motor 41 and a variator 42(is generally speed reduction unit), the output shaft of speed reduction unit extends in isolation section 101, and is provided with one end connection of a ring flange for shaftless screw conveying belt 20.
Described device for recovering oil and gas 50, it has a cooling apparatus 500, the feed(raw material)inlet 501 of cooling apparatus 500 connects oil gas vent 130, and cooling apparatus 500 has the first outlet 502 for exporting the fluid that cooling is formed, and for exporting the second outlet 503 of the oil gas do not liquefied.
Wherein, described second outlet 503 connects the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance 3192) of heating unit 30.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, also comprises:
Described feeding device 60, it has storage bin 600, first seal valve 601 and second seal valve 602.
Described first seal valve 601 is located at the feeding mouth of storage bin 600, and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth closing described storage bin 600 and outside atmosphere;
Described second seal valve 602, is located at the discharge port of storage bin 600, and selectively unlocking, the discharge port closing described storage bin 600 and described solid material inlet.
Wherein, described first seal valve 601 and the second seal valve 602 one of them when being in opened condition, wherein another is then in closed state, so that it is reinforced to realize sealing, even if when leaking appears in the sealing of solid material inlet selfsealings section, also the gas leaked by solid materials pyrolysis processing section can be avoided to enter air by feeding device, cause environmental pollution or smell not good.
Described first seal valve 601 is also connected with hopper, and first the solid materials through tape transport enters hopper, and hopper is tapered, exports less, enters storage bin 600 for solid materials through the first seal valve 601.
The working process of described feeding device 60 can be:
Solid materials enters hopper through conveying belt;
Second seal valve 602 is in sealed state;
Open the first seal valve 601, make solid materials enter storage bin 600;
Close the first seal valve 601;
Open the second seal valve 602, make solid materials enter interior passageway 100 through solid material inlet 110;
Close the second seal valve 602.
Wherein, after solid materials enters interior passageway 100, control motor 41 and operate, drive shaftless screw conveying belt 20, make it be delivered to by solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
Wherein, described first seal valve 601, second seal valve 602 can be electric rotating heart valve.
Described control center 70, it can be SCM system, and it is electrically connected with motor 41, first seal valve 601, second seal valve 602, and controls its operation.
Wherein, for ease of carrying out continuously of process, described conveying belt also can execution interval formula conveying operations accordingly.
Described smoke eliminator 80, the smoke inlet of described smoke eliminator 80 connects described low temperature heating agent outlet 302.
In the present embodiment, described low temperature heating agent exports 302 places and is provided with induced draft fan 303, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release can be introduced predetermined position and carry out emission treatment or reuse, such as, can adopt water for cooling, purification, to reach emission standard.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of any one employing worm drive above-mentioned, the temperature in described enclosed space is 600 DEG C, and gaseous tension is 0.01kpa.
The operational process of the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible 1 of employing worm drive of the present invention is as follows:
1, end cap 121 is in closing condition, makes solid slag export 120 and is in closed state;
2, by solid material inlet 110 continuous charging, make solid materials form selfsealings in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, namely utilize solid materials solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 to be sealed;
3, drive shaftless screw conveying belt 20 to be delivered to by solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 by solid materials in the enclosed space of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 by motor 41 and carry out pyrolysis;
4, the solid slag that pyrolysis produces continues to be delivered to solid slag by shaftless screw conveying belt 20 and exports selfsealings section 104, when solid slag is stacked into a certain degree formation selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, opens end cap 121;
5, the oil gas that pyrolysis produces exports device for recovering oil and gas 50 to by oil gas vent 130;
6, the fluid that oil gas liquefaction is formed is exported by the first outlet 501 of the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50, and the oil gas do not liquefied exports reuse in the second combustion chamber of heating unit 30 to by the second outlet 502 of the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50;
The high-temperature flue gas produced burn in second combustion chamber of 7, heating unit 30 by high temperature heating agent entrance 301 continus convergence in heating agent path 300, enclosed space heated, maintain pyrolysis continue carry out;
8, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release is exported by low temperature heating agent outlet 302.
See Fig. 7, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of second embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is mainly, described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, the internal diameter D2 of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is greater than the internal diameter D1 of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, the described conveyor screw screw diameter D4 be in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is also greater than the screw diameter D3 in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly, and namely described shaftless screw conveying belt 20 is at the intersection reducing of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 with solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.So make conveyor screw adapt with the internal diameter of interior passageway 100 all the time, ensure the transport efficiency of conveyor screw, avoid occurring deposition, and solid materials can be made fully to be processed in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
In addition, the oil gas of discharging through oil gas vent 130 in interior passageway 100 can not be treated, direct reuse (as in the present embodiment, it is directly transported to the second combustible gas entrance 3192 of the second combustion chamber 319, burning in the second combustion chamber 319 to make it gives reuse).
See Fig. 8, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of third embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is only, its solid slag outlet 120 is connected with solid slag transfer passage 105, to realize location conveying.
The entrance of described solid slag transfer passage 105 connects solid slag outlet 120, it goes out mouth down and offers, solid slag drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet 120 under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to outlet, naturally falls.
See Fig. 9, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of this fourth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the 3rd embodiment, difference is only, the second conveyor screw 106 is provided with in its solid slag transfer passage 105, and the outlet of solid slag transfer passage 105 is offered, so can ensure that solid slag exports the sealing effectiveness at 120 places, avoids the gas leakage caused because of poorly sealed upward.
Solid slag 120 drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to and export and form accumulation, transports discharge afterwards by described second conveyor screw 106.
See Figure 10, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of fifth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the 4th embodiment, difference is only, the outlet of its solid slag transfer passage 105 exports 120 towards identical with the solid slag of interior passageway 100, and the free end being provided with the second conveyor screw 106, second conveyor screw 106 in its solid slag transfer passage 105 extends to described solid slag exports 120 places and transported by the solid slag of accumulation.
See Figure 11, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of sixth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, difference is only, the side of the first end near interior passageway 100 in the isolation section 101 of interior passageway 100 is filled with certain thickness lagging material 107, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 is less than the length of isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of drive unit 30 drives with the first end of shaftless screw conveying belt 20 through lagging material 107 and is connected.
Wherein, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 can equal the length of isolation section 101, and the first end of shaftless screw conveying belt 20 is located in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present invention, it is compared prior art tool and has the following advantages:
1, its necking down setting by solid material inlet selfsealings section and reason auger realize solid slag in the accumulation selfsealings of solid slag outlet selfsealings section, realize continuous charging and utilize while slagging tap solid waste to itself has implemented selfsealings to pyrolysis space, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, achieve the real of solid waste pyrolysis processing to run continuously, avoid and feed in raw material with tapping process to the waste of pyrolysis heat energy;
2, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and its structure is simple, conveying solid substance refuse that can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to carrying out smoothly of continuous pyrolysis process solid waste, and good conveying effect can be ensured, can not cause the deposition of solid materials, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section;
3, it is provided with the heating system matched with continuous pyrolysis process, and heating system and continuous pyrolysis can process same solid materials, makes overall full-automatic continous processing system efficiency high, and can reach consistent preferably treatment effect, wherein,
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible, such as only can carry out air blast to the zone of combustion being in state of combustion, so, can ensure that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needed, can ensure that again in furnace chamber, entirety is in the state of anoxic or few oxygen burning, solid combustible is gasified more abundant, such as, solid combustible in furnace chamber can establish the multilayer in arranging up and down, and make its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and layering air blast is carried out to the zone of combustion being in state of combustion, so, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustible, especially the external structure form before being more applicable for process and after process does not substantially change or changes very little solid combustible, as glass reinforced plastic etc., namely can with pyrolysis system process same solid materials.
By arranging the first smoke outlet in the bottom of vapourizing furnace body, first the flue gas produced after combustible solid wastes by utilizing in grate is burnt arrives furnace chamber top, due to furnace chamber top seal, flue gas is along the downward reflux of furnace chamber, through being in the zone of combustion of state of combustion, fractions wherein burns again, reaches the effect of flue.
By arranging the second combustion chamber, and described first smoke outlet and/or the second smoke outlet connect the second combustion chamber, the flue gas of discharging through the first smoke outlet and/or the second smoke outlet is again burnt in the second combustion chamber, fully to discharge the energy wherein contained, owing to being anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber, create a large amount of combustible gases, through after the reflux purification in the first combustion chamber, this combustible gas is not burnt in the first combustion chamber, but go in the second combustion chamber and burn away, the combustible gas that solid combustible gasification both can have been made to produce is fully used, the purity of the flue gas produced after can also reducing combustible gas burning, complicated flue gas purifying equipment is not needed to reach emission standard, reduce the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, also one-piece construction of the present invention is simplified accordingly,
4, simple, the time cost of its operating process significantly reduces, save manpower, and decrease utility appliance, make its one-piece construction simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, is conducive to quantity-produced and carries out smoothly, and, for sequential like solid waste reluctant in batch operation, it can also process easily, without the need to operations such as pulverizing, cuttings;
5, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection.

Claims (10)

1. adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, second end of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively to solid slag outlet, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, whole process for the solid materials in inward passage is carried, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body, and extend to apart from described solid slag outlet predetermined distance by described solid material inlet, this segment distance forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and utilizes conveyor screw to form to the promotion of solid slag and extruding the sealing exported described solid slag; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section, and described heating unit also comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, multiple air-valve is provided with outside furnace wall, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
2. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: be also provided with an isolation section between the end of the first end of described interior passageway and this solid material inlet.
3. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device, described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
First seal valve, is located at the feeding mouth of described storage bin and the feeding mouth of selectively unlocking, closed described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
Second seal valve, is located at the discharge port of described storage bin and the discharge port of selectively unlocking, closed described storage bin and described solid material inlet,
Wherein, described first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them when being in opened condition, wherein another is then in closed state.
4. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage and the second conveyor screw located therein.
5. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap of this solid slag outlet.
6. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
7. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive as described in claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 6, is characterized in that: described exhanst gas outlet comprises the first exhanst gas outlet being located at vapourizing furnace body bottom portion and/or the second exhanst gas outlet being located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
8. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: also there is the second combustion chamber, be located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
9. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that:
Described second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described second combustible gas entrance by pipeline.
10. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible adopting worm drive as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that:
Described second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described second combustible gas entrance by a device for recovering oil and gas,
Wherein, described device for recovering oil and gas has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for exporting the fluid that cooling is formed, and for exporting the second outlet of the oil gas do not liquefied, described second outlet connects described second combustible gas entrance.
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