CN103923671A - Screw-driven full-automatic continuous treatment system for self-closed solid inflammable matters - Google Patents

Screw-driven full-automatic continuous treatment system for self-closed solid inflammable matters Download PDF

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CN103923671A
CN103923671A CN201410171238.0A CN201410171238A CN103923671A CN 103923671 A CN103923671 A CN 103923671A CN 201410171238 A CN201410171238 A CN 201410171238A CN 103923671 A CN103923671 A CN 103923671A
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solid
outlet
combustible
self
inlet
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CN201410171238.0A
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CN103923671B (en
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王嘉成
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王嘉成
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Abstract

The invention relates to a screw-driven full-automatic continuous treatment system for self-closed solid inflammable matters, and the system comprises a body and a conveying screw, wherein the body is provided with an inner channel, a first end of the inner channel is provided with a solid material inlet, a second end of the inner channel is provided with a solid waste residue outlet; the conveying screw is arranged in the inner channel of the body, and is extended to a position with a certain distance away from the solid waste residue outlet from the solid material inlet so as to form the whole-process conveying of solid materials in the inner channel and seal the solid waste residue outlet by using a fact that the conveying screw pushes solid waste residues. A solid material inlet self-sealed section, a solid material pyrolysis treatment section and a solid waste residue outlet self-sealed section are sequentially arranged from the solid material inlet to solid waste residue outlet of the inner channel, and the area of the cross section of the solid material inlet self-sealed section is less than that of the cross section of the solid material pyrolysis treatment section. The system disclosed by the invention can be used for carrying out continuous treatment on solid materials.

Description

Adopt the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive
Technical field
The present invention relates to the full-automatic continous processing system of a kind of solid combustible, especially a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, its have advantages of simple in structure, energy consumption is low, environmental protection.
Background technology
Solid waste of a great variety, and complicated, for avoiding environment, need to process conventionally.The conventional process mode of solid waste mainly contains landfill and burns two kinds.For burning disposal, it can not only realize the effective processing to solid waste, can also recycle and burn the heat producing.Yet also there is a series of drawback in it, as: because solid waste kind differs, complicated is various, burns the waste residue and the gaseous product that produce and can cause secondary pollution, maybe needs again to process, the composition that can again recycle in solid waste is burnt, and causes waste to a certain degree.
For the organism in solid waste, at present, also having a kind of processing mode is pyrolysis, i.e. decomposes under anaerobic or anoxia condition, produce flammable low molecular compound, as: hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, methyl alcohol, acetone, acetic acid, acetaldehyde, tar, carbon etc., and existing method for pyrolysis and equipment, as rotating kettle etc., be all reinforced in pyrolysis space after this pyrolysis space of sealing, heating, after pyrolysis completes substantially, then after cooling, solid slag is discharged, and then reinforced, and repeat aforementioned process, mainly there is following drawback in it:
1, it is reinforced, pyrolysis, slag tap and separately carry out, and reinforcedly causes pyrolysis not carry out continuously with tapping process;
2, in batch operation, the treatment time of each batch is long, and whole time cost is high;
3, whole pyrolytic process complicated operation;
4, need extra manpower and utility appliance;
5, reinforced with slag tap and all under the condition far below pyrolysis temperature, carry out, i.e. during pyrolysis, need to heat, after pyrolysis, need again coolingly, this process must cause the waste of pyrolysis heat energy;
6, in batch operation, for the solid waste (as the solid waste doped with long rope, band etc.) that is continuous shape, it often causes the crisscross of a large amount of solid waste to tangle, and difficult treatment needs to increase the techniques such as cutting, pulverizing conventionally;
7, reinforced, pyrolysis stirring, discharging adopt respectively different power resources, can not realize the whole process of single-power and carry, its power system complex structure;
8, do not have the heating system matching with pyrolysis system, make heating system need consume extra fuel, or during with the material identical with pyrolysis system, the combustion utilization efficiency of heating system is lower, can not reach the treatment effect same with pyrolysis system;
9, the complicated integral structure of system, investment is large, maintenance cost is high.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned defect of prior art, the object of the invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, and it is simple in structure, can continuous pyrolysis process solid waste, avoided waste, the energy consumption of pyrolysis heat energy low, simple to operate, time cost is low, environmental protection.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, it is provided with continuous pyrolysis and processes the heating system matching, make whole full-automatic continous processing system efficiency high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, it is provided with continuous pyrolysis and processes the single-power delivery system matching, its conveying solid substance refuse simple in structure, can be self-sealed continuously, is conducive to continuous pyrolysis and processes carrying out smoothly of solid waste.
In order to achieve the above object, main technical schemes provided by the invention comprises:
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end of described interior passageway (being preferably the upper side of being located at described interior passageway) is provided with solid material inlet, second end (being preferably end face) of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, for the whole process of the solid materials of interior passageway is carried, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body, and extended to apart from described solid slag outlet a distance by described solid material inlet, this segment distance place forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and utilizes conveyor screw to form the sealing to described solid slag outlet to the promotion of solid slag and extruding; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section.
The present invention only realizes the whole process of solid materials is carried with a conveyor screw, remarkable simplified construction, and, the end face of the second end of interior passageway is located in solid slag outlet, and conveyor screw does not extend to solid slag outlet, make this solid slag realize the accumulation in solid slag outlet under the promotion of conveyor screw and extruding, this banking process, not only can utilize solid slag to realize the sealing to solid slag outlet, can also make solid slag there is certain cooling time, while avoiding quickly discharging because the Yu Wen of solid slag etc. causes thermal pollution or smell to pollute to environment, further improved its environment friendly.
Wherein, the gaseous tension that described solid slag is enough to maintain in described solid materials pyrolysis processing section to the seal degree of solid slag outlet is 0.01kpa.
Wherein, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section successively, described conveyor screw can extend to this solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, and the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section.
By conveyor screw, material is advanced successively in interior passageway, the pan feeding of solid materials, carry, pyrolysis processing and discharging all complete in interior passageway, make its one-piece construction simpler, and, solid material inlet selfsealings section small cross sections be arranged so that it can utilize solid materials self to realize sealing effectiveness, the solid materials entering in interior passageway is comparatively fine and close because be somebody's turn to do compared with the first little cross section, with this, at solid material inlet place, realize self-packing effect, further simplified one-piece construction, improved sealing effectiveness, and the second larger cross section, make the state that material can be comparatively loose enter solid materials pyrolysis processing section, make the pyrolysis processing of solid materials more abundant.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet selfsealings section has the 3rd cross section, and the area in described the 3rd cross section equals the area in the second cross section.
Wherein, between the end of the first end of described body and this solid material inlet selfsealings section, be also provided with an isolation section.
Wherein, described isolation section is a cavity.
Wherein, in described isolation section, be filled with lagging material.
Wherein, described isolation section has the 4th cross section, and the area in described the 4th cross section equals the area in the first cross section.
Wherein, the cylindrical shell that described body is arranged horizontally.
Described solid material inlet is preferably the upper side of the first end of being located at described interior passageway, and described solid slag outlet is preferably the end face of the second end of being located at interior passageway.
Wherein, described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device (being preferably vertical setting), and described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
The first seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth that seals described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
The second seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the discharge port that seals described storage bin and described solid material inlet.
Wherein, described the first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them when opened condition, wherein another is in closed state.
Wherein, the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage, and its entrance connects solid slag outlet, and its outlet is towards identical with solid slag outlet, or with it at an angle, for example, can be upward, down, towards left or towards the right side.
Wherein, can also in solid slag transfer passage, be provided with the second conveyor screw, the free end of described the second conveyor screw extends to described solid slag exit and the solid slag of accumulation is transported.
Wherein, described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap that this solid slag exports.
Wherein, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, wherein,
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is one, it arranges near described solid material inlet selfsealings section;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is two, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent is when more than three, one of them is near described solid material inlet selfsealings section, and another is near described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and all the other are located between the two.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, it also comprises drive unit, the first end of described conveyor screw drives and is connected with the output shaft of described drive unit, described drive unit is the combination of motor or motor and variator, and the output shaft of described drive unit is the output shaft of motor shaft or variator accordingly.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, wherein, described vapourizing furnace bodies top has solid materials gangway, and described vapourizing furnace body is by pivot and the base pivot joint of bottom, to change between horizontal and vertical two states.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, and it also comprises heating unit, and described heating unit comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, outside furnace wall, be provided with a plurality of air-valves, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described exhanst gas outlet comprises the first exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace body bottom and/or the second exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
Wherein, the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, it also has the second combustion chamber, this second combustion chamber is located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described the second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described the first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
Wherein, described furnace chamber is communicated with the second combustion chamber by T-valve, and described the first flue gas mouth is communicated with the second combustion chamber when different with the second exhanst gas outlet.
Wherein, described the second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance, and described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by pipeline.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, and it also comprises:
Device for recovering oil and gas, it has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet of the oil gas of liquefaction of output.
Wherein, described the second outlet can connect the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance that connects the second combustion chamber) of heating unit.
Wherein, take flue gas heating of the solid materials in interior passageway as heating agent of furnace chamber or the second combustion chamber output.
Wherein, heating system also has a heat medium passage, and heat medium passage has high temperature heating agent entrance and the outlet of low temperature heating agent, and high temperature heating agent entrance connects exhanst gas outlet or high-temperature flue gas outlet.
Wherein, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section of the interior passageway of body is located in heat medium passage.
Wherein, also comprise: smoke eliminator, its smoke inlet connects described low temperature heating agent outlet.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, wherein, described conveyor screw is shaftless conveyor screw, at the solid waste of carrying continuous shape, when (as thread, banded rope, band etc., or being wherein mingled with the foreign material such as iron wire), produce and tangle the phenomenons such as card knot and affect quantity-produced and carry out smoothly avoiding.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, and wherein, described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, described reducing conveyor screw refers to, during the internal diameter varies of described interior passageway, and the variation that the radius of spin of described conveyor screw and the internal diameter of interior passageway adapt.
Wherein, when the internal diameter of solid materials pyrolysis processing section is greater than the internal diameter of solid material inlet selfsealings section, the screw diameter of described conveyor screw in solid materials pyrolysis processing section is also greater than the screw diameter in solid material inlet selfsealings section accordingly.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
The full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present invention, it utilizes solid waste itself to realize the selfsealings to pyrolysis space when feeding in raw material and slagging tap, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, realized the real operation continuously of solid waste pyrolysis processing, reinforced and the waste of tapping process to pyrolysis heat energy have been avoided, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection, its operating process is simple, time cost significantly reduces, saved manpower, and reduced utility appliance, and its one-piece construction is simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, being conducive to quantity-produced carries out smoothly, and, for reluctant continuous shape solid waste in batch operation, it can also be processed easily, without pulverizing, the operations such as cutting, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and it is simple in structure, conveying solid substance refuse that can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to continuous pyrolysis and process carrying out smoothly of solid waste, and can guarantee good conveying effect, can not cause the deposition of solid materials, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section, it is provided with continuous pyrolysis and processes the heating system matching, and heating system and continuous pyrolysis can be processed same solid materials, it is provided with multilayer air blast passage, and the first smoke outlet is arranged on to the bottom of vapourizing furnace body, and the structure that is provided with the second combustion chamber, make whole full-automatic continous processing system efficiency high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is another visual angle schematic perspective view of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the horizontal decomposing schematic representation of the vapourizing furnace of the heating unit in first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 be in Fig. 4 A-A to part sectioned view.
Fig. 6 be in Fig. 4 B-B to part sectioned view.
Fig. 7 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram of second embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in third embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in fourth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the solid slag outlet in fifth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the isolation section in sixth embodiment of the invention.
[main element nomenclature]
Carry body 10, interior passageway 100, solid material inlet 110, solid slag outlet 120, end cap 121, isolation section 101, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103, solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, solid slag transfer passage 105, the second conveyor screw 106, lagging material 107, oil gas vent 130, shaftless spiral conveyor 20, heating unit 30, heating agent path 300, high temperature heating agent entrance 301, low temperature heating agent outlet 302, induced draft fan 303, step formula industry gasification furnace 31, vapourizing furnace body 310, base 311, furnace wall 3110, furnace chamber 3111, blast channel 3112, air-valve 3120, air outlet 3121, gas blower 33, the second gas blower 34, opening 313, end cap 314, grate 315, the first combustion chamber 3150, roller 3151, lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting door 3160, the first smoke outlet 317, pipeline 3170, the second smoke outlet 318, pipeline 3180, the second combustion chamber 319, the second combustible gas entrance 3192, three-way valve 3122, wheel 320, bearing circle 3200, whisky jack 321, push rod 3210, top bracing member 3211, windlass 322, serving 3220, feet 323, drive unit 40, motor 41, variator 42, device for recovering oil and gas 50, cooling apparatus 500, feed(raw material)inlet 501, the first outlet 502, the second outlet 503, feeding device 60, storage bin 600, the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Embodiment
For ease of understanding, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of first embodiment of the invention, it comprises: body 10, shaftless spiral conveyor 20, heating unit 30, drive unit 40, device for recovering oil and gas 50, feeding device 60, control center 70, smoke eliminator 80.
Described body 10, integral body is tubular, horizontal setting (be preferably and be horizontally disposed with), inside is provided with an interior passageway 100, the upper side of the first end of this interior passageway 100 is provided with the solid material inlet 110 for input solid materials, the end face of the second end is provided with the solid slag outlet 120 for output solid material (can be solid slag), this solid slag outlet 120 be provided with one can folding end cap 121, this end cap 121 can make solid slag outlet 120 open or form sealing, between this solid material inlet 110 and solid slag outlet 120, there is the isolation section 101 setting gradually, solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, this isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 have the first inside diameter D 1, this solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 have the second inside diameter D 2, and the first inside diameter D 1 is less than the second inside diameter D 2, this solid material inlet 110 is located between isolation section 101 and solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, when solid materials is when solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 and solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 forms sealing respectively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 forms an enclosed space for solid materials pyrolysis, described interior passageway 100 also has the oil gas vent 130 of the oil gas producing for output pyrolysis, this oil gas vent 130 is located at solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 and its seal cavity is in communication with the outside.
Wherein, the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is one above (in the present embodiment, being three).
Wherein, when the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is one, it arranges near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is two, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and wherein another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104;
When the quantity of described oil gas vent 130 is when more than three, one of them is near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, and another is near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and all the other are located between the two.
Described shaftless spiral conveyor 20, be located at body 10 inside, it has first end and the second end, its first end is located in isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of connecting drive device 40 is inputted for reception power, and (drive unit described in the present embodiment 40 is the combination of motor 41 and variator 42, the power output shaft of described drive unit 40 is the output shaft of variator 42 accordingly), its second end is located in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 end of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 (or be located at), and and 120 of solid slag outlets be provided with certain distance h, to utilize shaftless spiral conveyor 20 to promote solid materials (also referred to as solid slag, remaining solids after finger pyrolysis) be piled up in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and the impellent of utilizing shaftless spiral conveyor 20 makes solid materials form selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, and the lasting impellent of utilizing shaftless spiral conveyor 20 after forming sealing makes solid slag export 120 discharges by solid slag, realize the automatic seal type discharging of solid slag.
Described heating unit 30, it can adopt any form to heat, as high-temperature flue gas, steam, fire, electric heating etc.
In the present embodiment, described heating unit 30, it has heating agent path 300, the solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 of the interior passageway 100 of described body 10 is located in this heating agent path 300 and by heating medium for heating, the high temperature heating agent entrance 301 of this heating agent path 300 is located near solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 1 sides, low temperature heating agent outlet 302 is located near solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 1 sides, it is the reverse conveying of heating agent and solid materials, can not only make heat energy be fully used, also make to form in interior passageway 100 pyrolysis zone that multistage temperature is different, and then make the pyrolysis of solid materials more thorough.
Wherein, described heating agent can be flue gas or steam.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, described heating agent is flue gas.
Described heating unit 30, it also comprises step formula industry gasification furnace 31, this step formula industry gasification furnace comprises vapourizing furnace body 310 and base 311.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310, integral body is a cuboid, (the first side wall is relative with the second sidewall to have four sidewalls, the 3rd sidewall is relative with the 4th sidewall) furnace wall 3110 forming with diapire, the furnace chamber 3111 being surrounded by furnace wall 3110, and the multilayer air blast passage 3112 of arranging up and down, outside furnace wall 3110, be provided with a plurality of air-valves 3120, every layer of at least corresponding described air-valve 3120 of blast channel 3112, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with at least one air outlet 3121 in furnace chamber 3111.
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage 3112, make described step formula industry gasification furnace to carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible.For example can only to the zone of combustion in state of combustion, carry out air blast, so, can guarantee that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needing, can guarantee again the state of the interior integral body of furnace chamber 3111 in anoxic or few oxygen burning, make solid combustible gasification more abundant.For example, the solid combustible in furnace chamber 3111 can be established and be the multilayer of arranging up and down, and makes its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and the zone of combustion in state of combustion is carried out to layering air blast.So, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustibles, be especially more applicable for before processing with process after external structure form substantially do not change or change very little solid combustible, as glass reinforced plastic etc.
In the present embodiment, 5 layers of described blast channel 3112 are located in outside furnace wall 3110, and connect a gas blower 33 by a total air channel, and furnace wall 3110 is outer is provided with support, and gas blower 33 is set up in furnace wall 3110 by this.Described gas blower 33 is preferably is located at the 3rd or the 4th sidewall.
Wherein, every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with a described air-valve 3120, and every layer of blast channel 3112 is provided with in a plurality of air outlet 3121(the present embodiment and is 4 every layer, be located at respectively the middle part on four limits), so that the one-piece construction of body of heater is simple, and facilitate red-tape operati, and guarantee high efficiency.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of each layer can also can be misplaced setting up and down over against setting, in the present embodiment for up and down over against setting.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of every layer can also can be misplaced setting mutually between two over against setting, in the present embodiment between two over against setting.
Wherein, the air outlet 3121 of lowest layer blast channel 3112 is h1 apart from the height of furnace bottom inner side, and the interlamellar spacing that adjacent layers blast channel is 3112 is h2, and the air outlet 3121 of top layer blast channel 3112 is h3 apart from the height of furnace roof inner side.Be preferably, h1 < h2 < h3, to guarantee higher processing efficiency, makes solid combustible gasification more abundant.
In the present embodiment, the twice that h2 is h1, more than the twice that h3 is h2.
The top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with opening 313, and opening 313 is provided with the end cap 314 at selectively unlocking, sealing furnace chamber 3111 tops, and end cap 314 can be connected with the top of furnace wall 3110 by pin-joint mechanism, as passes through gemel connection.Described hinge is preferably is located at the 3rd sidewall or the 4th sidewall, with handled easily.
In described furnace chamber 3111, be provided with grate 315, grate 315 can be inserted furnace chamber 3111 or be taken out in furnace chamber 3111 by this opening 313.The solid waste kind that so makes it be applicable to processing is more, wider, substantially be not subject to the restriction of solid waste kind, especially the solid waste that before and after solid waste disposal, global shape does not change substantially also can be suitable for, and handled easily, input and output material, easy to maintenance, and failure rate is low, can produce continuously.
In grate 315, have accommodation space, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in this accommodation space, and inserts in furnace chamber 3111 with grate 315.During solid combustible burning, this accommodation space is the first combustion chamber 3150, and combustible solid wastes by utilizing is anoxycausis in this first combustion chamber 3150.After burning finishes, after solid combustible burning, remaining solid slag is removed by this open top 313 with grate 315.
The flue gas that produces for ease of burning is counter to flow and avoids furnace wall 3110 excess Temperatures, between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls, is provided with certain distance h4.
In the present embodiment, between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls, be provided with roller, can facilitate grate 315 to take out, insert, can guarantee again to maintain a certain distance h4 between grate 315 outer walls and furnace chamber 3111 inwalls.
In the present embodiment, grate 315 is the cuboid adapting with furnace chamber 3111, can be reticulated structure, and its surrounding is equipped with roller 3151.Wherein, corresponding to a side of the first side wall, be provided with the roller that two rows are set up in parallel, so that the inserting, take out of grate 315.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with lighting-up tuyere 316, lighting-up tuyere 316 in the present embodiment is for being provided with the lighting door 3160 of openable, after opening point vent 3160, by lighting-up tuyere 316, the solid combustible in grate 315 is ignited, after igniting, close lighting door 3160, enclosed point burner 316.Described lighting-up tuyere 316 is preferably the bottom of being located at the second sidewall.
The bottom of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is provided with the first smoke outlet 317.First the flue gas producing after combustible solid wastes by utilizing burning in grate 315 arrives furnace chamber 3111 tops, due to furnace chamber 3111 top seals, flue gas instead flows downwards along furnace chamber 3111, while passing through the zone of combustion in state of combustion, part composition wherein burns again, reach the effect of flue, the flue gas after purification is discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 through the first smoke outlet 317.
Described the first smoke outlet 317 is preferably is located at the 3rd or the bottom of the 4th sidewall, and within 33 minutes, is arranged with described gas blower, the two one of be located at the 3rd sidewall, another is located at the 4th sidewall.Be preferably the two with being located near the first side wall or the second sidewall.Because solid combustible is in the process of the first combustion chamber 3150 interior burnings, the flue gas that burning produces had both had forward flow from bottom to top, also there is top-down reversed flow, therefore, the flying dust producing in combustion processes concentrates on the first smoke outlet 317 places that are positioned at furnace chamber 3111 bottoms conventionally, more preferably described the first smoke outlet 317 arranges near described lighting door 3160, so that described lighting door 3160 can be used as ash output hole simultaneously.
The step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with the second combustion chamber 319, and described the first smoke outlet 317 connects the second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the first smoke outlet 317 again burns in the second combustion chamber 319, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing.Because the first combustion chamber 3150 is interior, it is anoxycausis, produced a large amount of combustible gases, after the anti-stream in the first combustion chamber 3150 purifies, make the not burning in the first combustion chamber 3150 of this combustible gas, but go in the second combustion chamber 319, burn away, both can be fully used by the combustible gas producing so that solid combustible gasifies, can also reduce the purity of the flue gas producing after combustible gas burning, do not need complicated flue gas purifying equipment can reach emission standard, reduced the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, also simplified accordingly the one-piece construction of the treatment system adopting while processing solid combustible.In the present embodiment, described the first smoke outlet 317 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline 3170 extending straight up.
In order to make its sufficient combustion, described the second combustion chamber 319 connects the second gas blower 34 of promising its oxygen supply.Described the second gas blower 34 is located at a side of described the second combustion chamber 319, and the opposite side of described the second combustion chamber 319 is also provided with a second combustible gas entrance 3192.
In the present embodiment, be preferably, described the second combustion chamber 319 is also connected with the induced draft fan that after burning, the flue gas that produces is drawn so that burn more smoothly, more abundant.
In the present embodiment, the top of described vapourizing furnace body 310 is also provided with the second smoke outlet 318.The flue gas that burning produces can also be discharged outside vapourizing furnace body 310 by this second smoke outlet 318.The setting of this second smoke outlet 318, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace, can be easier at the initial stage of solid combustible burning, improved the starting efficiency of solid combustible anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150, the operation of being more convenient for.This second smoke outlet 318 can be closed after the initial combustion stage finishes, with improve the whole efficiency of anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber 3150 and by the first smoke outlet 317, discharge can burning fume degree of purification.
In the present embodiment, described the second smoke outlet 318 also connects described the second combustion chamber 319.The flue gas of discharging through the second smoke outlet 318 again burns in the second combustion chamber 319, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing.In the present embodiment, described the second smoke outlet 318 is connected to the second combustion chamber 319 by a pipeline 3180 extending straight down.
In order to make the solid combustible refuse in furnace chamber 3111 processed more abundant, the step formula industry gasification furnace of the present embodiment, it is also provided with three-way valve 3122, this three-way valve 3122 has two entrances and an outlet, described the first smoke outlet 317 connects the first entrance of this three-way valve 3122, described the second smoke outlet 318 connects the second entrance of this three-way valve 3122, and the entrance of described the second combustion chamber 319 connects the outlet of this three-way valve 3122.
And, in order further to make solid combustible refuse, processed more fully, when described the first smoke outlet 317 is different with the second smoke outlet 318, be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, this second combustion chamber 319 is only communicated with the first combustion chamber 3150 by the first smoke outlet 317 or the second smoke outlet 318, to obtain better treatment effect, solid combustible refuse is processed more fully.Accordingly, described three-way valve 3122 can adopt any other existing structures that can reach same or similar effect to replace.
In order further to make solid combustible refuse be processed more fully, described three-way valve 3122 is preferably 1/3rd At The Heights (in the present embodiment for being located between the second layer and the 3rd layer of blast channel) of being located at the first combustion chamber 3150.
In order further to make solid combustible refuse, processed more fully, described the second combustion chamber 319 is horizontally disposed, with described three-way valve 3122 in same level height, the second combustion chamber 319 levels are located at 1/3rd At The Heights of the first combustion chamber 3150.
Described base 311 has wheel shaft and wheel 320, and wheel 320 is connected in base 311 and is formed the support to base 311 by wheel shaft, makes described step formula industry gasification furnace convenient mobile, can a plurality of replacings use.
Base 311 has two groups of wheels 320, also there is turning device, wherein one group of wheel 320 is deflecting roller, and Qi You turning device drives the variation that realizes base 311 mobile alignments, for example, can be bearing circle 3200 of the prior art and turning device with matching.
Base 311 can also be provided with driving mechanism, as generator etc., to drive base 311 to drive vapourizing furnace bodies 310 to move together.
Described vapourizing furnace body 310 passes through its diapire bearing in this base 311, and the first side pivot joint of its bottom near the first side wall one side and this base 311, make this vapourizing furnace body 310 there are vertical and horizontal two states, and can between two states, change by driving mechanism, to simplify furnace binding, make described step formula industry gasification furnace without too much peripheral auxiliary equipment.
The specific form of described driving mechanism is not limit, can be for example, the second side of this base 311 has the first driving mechanism that this vapourizing furnace body 310 is lifted near a side of the second sidewall, and the second side of this base 311 also has selectivity tension, unclamps this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the second driving mechanism of the second sidewall one side.So setting both can be simplified one-piece construction, again can be so that the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are all arranged at the same side (being the side near the second sidewall in the present embodiment), handled easily.In the present embodiment, described the first driving mechanism is whisky jack 321, and described the second driving mechanism is windlass 322.The base 311 of whisky jack 321 and the body of windlass 322 are located at base 311, the push rod 3210 of whisky jack 321 peak at this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the bottom of the second sidewall one side (in the present embodiment for be provided with a top bracing member 3211 in the bottom of the second sidewall, the push rod of corresponding whisky jack 321, also can directly peak at the second sidewall or diapire near the second sidewall one side), the serving 3220 of windlass 322 be connected in this vapourizing furnace body 310 near the top of the second sidewall one side (in the present embodiment for be provided with a drawing piece on the top of the second sidewall, as clasp, the serving 3220 of corresponding windlass 322).
Described driving mechanism can be also existing various driving mechanism.
The top of described the first side wall is provided with feet 323, so that described vapourizing furnace body 310 is when horizontal, plays a supportive role.
Described step formula industry gasification furnace is methodology as follows:
1, by the second sidewall one side of whisky jack 321 jack-up vapourizing furnace bodies 310, during to certain angle, utilize the top of the second sidewall of windlass 322 tractive vapourizing furnace bodies 310, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, takes out grate 315;
2, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is inserted in grate 315, then grate 315 is inserted in furnace chamber 3111, close end cap 314, make furnace chamber 3111 top seals;
3, utilize the reverse execution step 1 of windlass 322 and whisky jack 321, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to vertical;
4, opening point vent 3160 igniting, enclosed point vent 3160 afterwards;
5, the second smoke outlet 318 is communicated with the second combustion chamber 319;
6, open the lowest layer and second layer blast channel 3112(convenient for statement, the lowest layer to the blast channel 3112 of top layer be called to the lowest layer, the second layer, the 3rd layer, the 4th layer and top layer blast channel 3112 successively) air-valve 3120;
7, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of the 3rd layer of blast channel 3112, close the air-valve 3120 of lowest layer blast channel 3112;
8, the first smoke outlet 317 is communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, and closes the second smoke outlet 318;
9,, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of second layer blast channel 3112;
10,, after for some time of burning, open the air-valve 3120 of top layer blast channel 3112, then close the air-valve 3120 of the 3rd layer of blast channel 3112;
11, in the first combustion chamber 3150, stop after burning, continue air blast for some time, make the flue gas in furnace chamber 3111 continue to discharge (wherein, can make the second smoke outlet 318 be communicated with the second combustion chamber 319, close the first smoke outlet 317, close top layer blast channel 3112 and the 4th layer of blast channel 3112, open lowest layer blast channel 3112);
12, after the interior temperature of furnace chamber 3111 is reduced to a certain degree, by the method for step 1, vapourizing furnace body 310 is set to horizontal, the end cap 314 of open top part, takes out grate 315;
13, solid slag is taken out, combustible solid wastes by utilizing is finished dealing with.
14, repeat abovementioned steps 2 to 13 and carry out continuously the processing of solid combustible.
Wherein, each step can be adjusted according to actual needs, especially the execution sequence capable of regulating between step 4 and step 5, step 5 and step 6, step 7 and step 8.
Vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity in the present embodiment are two, and the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 is one, and the first exhanst gas outlet of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet are all inputted burning in same the second combustion chamber 319.
Wherein, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of two vapourizing furnace bodies 310 in different combustion phases, for example, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310 in the burning initial stage, its second exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310 in burning mid-term, its first exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the second vapourizing furnace body 310 when all burnt exhaust cycle, in the first combustion chamber 3150 of the first vapourizing furnace body 310 in burning mid-term, its second exhanst gas outlet is connected the second combustion chamber 319, make the flammable smoke combustion inputted in the second combustion chamber 319 more abundant, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, vapourizing furnace body 310 quantity wherein can be for more than three, the quantity of the second combustion chamber 319 can be one, more than three the first exhanst gas outlet of vapourizing furnace body 310 and the flue gas of the second exhanst gas outlet are all inputted burning in same the second combustion chamber 319, in the first combustion chamber 3150 in each vapourizing furnace body 310 in different combustion phases, make the flammable smoke combustion inputted in the second combustion chamber 319 more abundant, substantially can keep remaining state of combustion in the second combustion chamber 319, follow-up purifying treatment is easier.
Step formula industry gasification furnace in described heating unit 30, can be also that a plurality of replacements are used, and that alternately changes is connected with heat medium passage respectively.
Described drive unit 40, it has a motor 41 and a variator 42(is generally speed reduction unit), the output shaft of speed reduction unit extends in isolation section 101, and is provided with a ring flange for one end connection of shaftless spiral conveyor 20.
Described device for recovering oil and gas 50, it has a cooling apparatus 500, the feed(raw material)inlet 501 of cooling apparatus 500 connects oil gas vent 130, and cooling apparatus 500 has the first outlet 502 for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet 503 of the oil gas of liquefaction of output.
Wherein, described the second outlet 503 connects the fuel inlet (being preferably the second combustible gas entrance 3192) of heating unit 30.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of described employing worm drive, also comprises:
Described feeding device 60, it has a storage bin 600, the first seal valve 601 and the second seal valve 602.
Described the first seal valve 601 is located at the feeding mouth of storage bin 600, and feeding mouth and the outside atmosphere of selectively unlocking, the described storage bin 600 of sealing;
Described the second seal valve 602, is located at the discharge port of storage bin 600, and discharge port and the described solid material inlet of selectively unlocking, the described storage bin 600 of sealing.
Wherein, described the first seal valve 601 and the second seal valve 602 one of them when opened condition, wherein another is in closed state, so that it is reinforced to realize sealing, when even if leaking appears in the sealing of solid material inlet selfsealings section, also can avoid the gas being leaked by solid materials pyrolysis processing section to enter atmosphere by feeding device, cause environmental pollution or smell not good.
Described the first seal valve 601 is also connected with hopper, through the solid materials of tape transport, first enters hopper, and hopper is tapered, exports littlely, for solid materials, through the first seal valve 601, enters storage bin 600.
The working process of described feeding device 60 can be:
Solid materials enters hopper through conveying belt;
The second seal valve 602 is in sealed state;
Open the first seal valve 601, make solid materials enter storage bin 600;
Close the first seal valve 601;
Open the second seal valve 602, make solid materials enter interior passageway 100 through solid material inlet 110;
Close the second seal valve 602.
Wherein, after solid materials enters interior passageway 100, control motor 41 runnings, drive shaftless spiral conveyor 20, it is delivered to solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
Wherein, described the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602 can be electric rotating heart valve.
Described control center 70, it can be SCM system, it is electrically connected to, and controls its operation with motor 41, the first seal valve 601, the second seal valve 602.
Wherein, for ease of carrying out continuously of processing, described conveying belt is execution interval formula conveying operations accordingly also.
Described smoke eliminator 80, the smoke inlet of described smoke eliminator 80 connects described low temperature heating agent outlet 302.
In the present embodiment, described low temperature heating agent exports 302 places and is provided with induced draft fan 303, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release can be introduced to predetermined position and carry out emission treatment or reuse, for example, can adopt water for cooling, purification, to reach emission standard.
Above-mentioned any adopts the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of worm drive, and the temperature in described enclosed space is 600 ℃, and gaseous tension is 0.01kpa.
The operational process of the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present invention is as follows:
1, end cap 121, in closing condition, makes solid slag outlet 120 in closed state;
2, by solid material inlet 110 continuous chargings, make solid materials form selfsealings in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, utilize solid materials by 102 sealings of solid material inlet selfsealings section;
3, in the enclosed space that drives shaftless spiral conveyor 20 that solid materials is delivered to solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 by solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 by motor 41, carry out pyrolysis;
4, the solid slag that pyrolysis produces continues to be delivered to solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104 by shaftless spiral conveyor 20, when solid slag is stacked into while to a certain degree forming selfsealings in solid slag outlet selfsealings section 104, opens end cap 121;
5, the oil gas that pyrolysis produces exports device for recovering oil and gas 50 to by oil gas vent 130;
6, the fluid that oil gas liquefaction forms is by the first outlet 501 outputs of the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50, and second outlet 502 of the oil gas of liquefaction by the cooling apparatus 500 of device for recovering oil and gas 50 do not export reuse in the second combustion chamber of heating unit 30 to;
7, the high-temperature flue gas that in the second combustion chamber of heating unit 30, burning produces is delivered in heating agent path 300 continuously by high temperature heating agent entrance 301, and enclosed space is heated, maintain pyrolysis continue carry out;
8, the low-temperature flue gas after heat release is by low temperature heating agent outlet 302 outputs.
Referring to Fig. 7, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of the self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of second embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is mainly, and described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
Wherein, the inside diameter D 2 of solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is greater than the inside diameter D 1 of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102, the screw diameter D4 of described conveyor screw in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103 is also greater than the screw diameter D3 in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly, and described shaftless spiral conveyor 20 is at the intersection reducing of solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 and solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.So make conveyor screw adapt with the internal diameter of interior passageway 100 all the time, guarantee the transport efficiency of conveyor screw, avoid occurring deposition, and can make solid materials fully be processed in solid materials pyrolysis processing section 103.
In addition, the oil gas of discharging through oil gas vent 130 in interior passageway 100 can be not treated, direct reuse (in the present embodiment, it directly being transported to the second combustible gas entrance 3192 of the second combustion chamber 319, so that it burns and give reuse in the second combustion chamber 319).
Referring to Fig. 8, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of third embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, and difference is only, its solid slag outlet 120 is connected with solid slag transfer passage 105, to realize location, carries.
The entrance of described solid slag transfer passage 105 connects solid slag outlet 120, it goes out mouth down and offers, solid slag drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet 120 under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to outlet, naturally falls.
Referring to Fig. 9, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of this fourth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the 3rd embodiment, difference is only, in its solid slag transfer passage 105, be provided with the second conveyor screw 106, and the outlet of solid slag transfer passage 105 is offered upward, so can guarantee that solid slag exports the sealing effectiveness at 120 places, avoid the gas leakage causing because of poorly sealed.
Solid slag drains into solid slag transfer passage 105 through solid slag outlet 120 under the promotion of shaftless conveyor screw band 20, and is continued to continue to push to export and form accumulation, transports discharge afterwards by described the second conveyor screw 106.
Referring to Figure 10, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of fifth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the 4th embodiment, difference is only, the outlet of its solid slag transfer passage 105 exports 120 towards identical with the solid slag of interior passageway 100, and the free end that is provided with the second conveyor screw 106, the second conveyor screws 106 in its solid slag transfer passage 105 extends to described solid slag and exports 120 places and the solid slag of accumulation is transported.
Referring to Figure 11, the full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive of sixth embodiment of the invention, its one-piece construction is identical with the first embodiment, difference is only, in the isolation section 101 of interior passageway 100, a side of the first end of close interior passageway 100 is filled with certain thickness lagging material 107, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 is less than the length of isolation section 101, and the power output shaft of drive unit 30 drives and is connected with the first end of shaftless spiral conveyor 20 through lagging material 107.
Wherein, the filling thickness of lagging material 107 can equal the length of isolation section 101, and the first end of shaftless spiral conveyor 20 is located in solid material inlet selfsealings section 102 accordingly.
The full-automatic continous processing system 1 of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive of the present invention, it is compared prior art tool and has the following advantages:
1, its necking down setting by solid material inlet selfsealings section and reason spiral promote to realize solid slag in the accumulation selfsealings of solid slag outlet selfsealings section, when realizing continuous charging and slagging tap, utilize solid waste itself to realize the selfsealings to pyrolysis space, make to feed in raw material, pyrolysis, slag tap and can carry out continuously simultaneously, realize the real operation continuously of solid waste pyrolysis processing, avoided reinforced and the waste of tapping process to pyrolysis heat energy;
2, it adopts single spiral to carry as whole power, and its conveying solid substance refuse simple in structure, can be self-sealed continuously, be conducive to continuous pyrolysis and process carrying out smoothly of solid waste, and can guarantee good conveying effect, can not cause the deposition of solid materials, and the design of Reducing screw can promote the treatment effect of solid materials in solid materials pyrolysis processing section;
3, it is provided with continuous pyrolysis and processes the heating system match, and heating system can process same solid materials with continuous pyrolysis, makes the full-automatic continous processing system efficiency of integral body high, and can reach unanimously preferably treatment effect, wherein,
By the setting of multilayer air blast passage, make described step formula industry gasification furnace to carry out layering air blast to the solid combustible in furnace chamber, to improve the processing efficiency to solid combustible, for example can only to the zone of combustion in state of combustion, carry out air blast, so, can guarantee that zone of combustion keeps the efficiency of combustion enough needing, can guarantee again the whole state in anoxic or few oxygen burning in furnace chamber, make solid combustible gasification more abundant, for example, solid combustible in furnace chamber can be established and be the multilayer of arranging up and down, and make its layering anoxycausis from bottom to top, and the zone of combustion in state of combustion is carried out to layering air blast, so, make described step formula industry gasification furnace can process various solid combustibles, especially the external structure form being more applicable for before processing and after processing does not substantially change or changes very little solid combustible, as glass reinforced plastic etc., can process same solid materials with pyrolysis system.
By the bottom at vapourizing furnace body, the first smoke outlet is set, make the flue gas producing after the combustible solid wastes by utilizing burning in grate first arrive furnace chamber top, due to furnace chamber top seal, flue gas instead flows downwards along furnace chamber, while passing through the zone of combustion in state of combustion, part composition wherein burns again, reaches the effect of flue.
By the second combustion chamber is set, and described the first smoke outlet and/or the second smoke outlet connect the second combustion chamber, make again to burn in the second combustion chamber through the flue gas of the first smoke outlet and/or the discharge of the second smoke outlet, fully to discharge the energy wherein containing, owing to being anoxycausis in the first combustion chamber, produced a large amount of combustible gases, after the anti-stream in the first combustion chamber purifies, this combustible gas is not burnt in the first combustion chamber, but go in the second combustion chamber, burn away, both can be fully used by the combustible gas producing so that solid combustible gasifies, can also reduce the purity of the flue gas producing after combustible gas burning, do not need complicated flue gas purifying equipment can reach emission standard, reduced the demand to flue gas purifying equipment, also simplified accordingly one-piece construction of the present invention,
4, simple, the time cost of its operating process significantly reduces, saved manpower, and reduced utility appliance, made its one-piece construction simple, invest little, be easy to safeguard, failure rate is low, is conducive to quantity-produced and carries out smoothly, and, for reluctant continuous shape solid waste in batch operation, it can also be processed easily, without operations such as pulverizing, cuttings;
5, energy utilization rate is high, environmental protection.

Claims (10)

1. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible that adopts worm drive, is characterized in that, comprising:
Body, described body has an interior passageway, the first end of described interior passageway is provided with solid material inlet, the second end of described interior passageway is provided with solid slag outlet, the solid material inlet of described interior passageway to solid slag outlet is provided with solid material inlet selfsealings section successively, solid materials pyrolysis processing section and solid slag outlet selfsealings section, described solid material inlet selfsealings section has the first cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section has the second cross section, the area in described the first cross section is less than the area in the second cross section, described solid materials pyrolysis processing section is provided with more than one oil gas vent, and
Conveyor screw, for the whole process of the solid materials of interior passageway is carried, described conveyor screw is located in the interior passageway of described body, and extended to apart from described solid slag outlet a distance by described solid material inlet, this segment distance forms described solid slag outlet selfsealings section, and utilizes conveyor screw to form the sealing to described solid slag outlet to the promotion of solid slag and extruding; And
Heating unit, has heat exchange department, and described heat exchange department is located at described solid materials pyrolysis processing section.
2. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: between the end of the first end of described interior passageway and this solid material inlet, be also provided with an isolation section.
3. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid material inlet is connected with feeding device, and described feeding device comprises:
Storage bin,
The first seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the feeding mouth that seals described storage bin and outside atmosphere, and
The second seal valve, is located at and selectively unlocking, the discharge port that seals described storage bin and described solid material inlet,
Wherein, described the first seal valve and the second seal valve one of them when opened condition, wherein another is in closed state.
4. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the second end of described interior passageway is connected with solid slag transfer passage and the second conveyor screw located therein.
5. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described solid slag outlet is provided with selectively unlocking or seals the end cap of this solid slag outlet.
6. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described conveyor screw is reducing conveyor screw.
7. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of the employing worm drive as described in claim 1,2,3,4,5 or 6, is characterized in that, described heating unit also comprises:
Vapourizing furnace body, the at least two-layer blast channel that there is furnace wall, furnace chamber and arrange up and down, outside furnace wall, be provided with a plurality of air-valves, the corresponding air-valve described at least one of every layer of blast channel, every layer of blast channel is provided with at least one air outlet in furnace chamber, described furnace chamber has exhanst gas outlet, and described exhanst gas outlet connects this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
8. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: described exhanst gas outlet comprises the first exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace body bottom and/or the second exhanst gas outlet of being located at vapourizing furnace bodies top.
9. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that: also there is the second combustion chamber, be located between this vapourizing furnace body and this heat exchange department, described the second combustion chamber has the high-temperature flue gas outlet after combustible gas entrance and burning, described combustible gas entrance is connected with described the first exhanst gas outlet and/or the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet of described high-temperature flue gas is connected to this heat exchange department and provides the heat energy of heating for the solid materials in interior passageway.
10. the full-automatic continous processing system of self-closed type solid combustible of employing worm drive as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described the second combustion chamber also has the second combustible gas entrance,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by pipeline,
Or,
Described oil gas vent is connected with described the second combustible gas entrance by a device for recovering oil and gas,
Wherein, described device for recovering oil and gas has a cooling apparatus, and the feed(raw material)inlet of cooling apparatus connects oil gas vent, and cooling apparatus has the first outlet for the fluid of the cooling formation of output, and for not the second outlet of the oil gas of liquefaction of output, described the second outlet connects described the second combustible gas entrance.
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