CN203840727U - Double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting - Google Patents

Double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203840727U
CN203840727U CN201420264853.1U CN201420264853U CN203840727U CN 203840727 U CN203840727 U CN 203840727U CN 201420264853 U CN201420264853 U CN 201420264853U CN 203840727 U CN203840727 U CN 203840727U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
cylinder
water filling
water pipe
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420264853.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牛向辉
汪永鑫
马军伟
何静文
胡利年
曹元�
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GANSU CONSTRUCTION INVESTMENT EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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GANSU CONSTRUCTION INVESTMENT EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420264853.1U priority Critical patent/CN203840727U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203840727U publication Critical patent/CN203840727U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting. The drill bit comprises a speed reducer, a double-steering structure, a water injecting drill cylinder and a drill rod, wherein the speed reducer comprises a power shaft (30); the double-steering structure comprises a pressing sleeve (2), a connecting cylinder I (3), a connecting cylinder II (13), a connecting cylinder III (25), a gear box cover (9), a gear box body (10), a planetary gear I (11), a planetary gear II (23), a planetary gear carrier (14), a gear shaft (21), a sun gear (22), a gear ring (24), a steering adjusting rod (26), a thrust bearing I (27), a thrust bearing II (28) and a slide key (29); the water injecting drill cylinder comprises a water pipe (4), a water pipe support (5), a straight water pipe (6), a torsional spring (7), a lock catch (8), a linear bearing (12), a funnel joint (15), a right-angle water pipe joint (16), a water injecting drill cylinder (17) and a shaft end cover (18); the drill rod comprises a spiral drill rod (19) and a coupler (20). The drill head has the beneficial effects that the sandy soil structure is reinforced; the tree pit cannot collapse easily; deep excavation forming and irrigation are completed at a time.

Description

Planting in desert revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated
Technical field
The utility model relates to desert area or sand ground planting tree, the dark machinery of inserting pouring, is specially planting in desert and with double steering, revolves that to dig water filling bit Integrated.
Background technology
China's desertification is mainly divided into blow desertification, Waterpower Desertification, freeze-thaw desertification and soil salinization Four types.China's Desertification Soil area is 267.4 ten thousand sq-kms, accounts for 80.6% of ccd area may occur, and accounts for 27.9% of area.Investigation result demonstration, China's desertification of land, desertification are integral body and are tentatively contained, desertification, sandy land continuous decrease, the local situation of still expanding.Therefore, sand control afforestation is very urgent.
One, conventional desert irrigation method is after sapling or embryo have been planted, and carries out surface flooding irrigation or drip irrigation.Because evaporation rate in desert is fast, this method is easy to cause water loss, and water utilization rate is extremely low, is unfavorable for surviving of seedling.
Two,, because desert wind soil structure is loose, earth's surface wind erosion is serious.Conventional desert afforestation is dug according in method, and treehole difficult forming, is easy to subside, and to sapling plantation, brings very large obstacle.Conventional spade excavates or dark cultivation dug according to machinery when carrying out the excavation of treehole pore-forming, can make desert, earth's surface that strong grains of sand starting occurs, and causes secondary sand, thereby has accelerated wind erosion, is also unfavorable for on-the-spot tree planting personnel's work.
Three, existing method for desert forestation belongs to manually and digs pit, and labour intensity is large, inefficiency, thereby the cost of afforestation is increased.
Therefore, the above deficiency existing for conventional method of forestation, we have developed a kind of strengthening sandy soil structure, make the tree well of moulding be difficult for subsiding, labour intensity is low, operating efficiency is high, can realize the hole moulding of planting trees, watering the disposable planting in desert double steering completing and revolve and dig the water filling drill bit of digging pit.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide planting in desert with double steering, to revolve that to dig water filling bit Integrated, it has compact conformation, simple operation, strengthening sandy soil structure, make the tree well of moulding be difficult for subsiding, labour intensity is low, operating efficiency is high, can realize deep-cutting moulding, watering the disposable advantage completing of the hole that plants trees.
The utility model planting in desert revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated, comprises reductor, double steering structure, water filling drilling pipe, drilling rod, and wherein reductor also comprises line shaft 30, and double steering structure comprises clamping sleeve 2, connecting cylinder i3, connecting cylinder iI13, connecting cylinder iII25, gear box cover 9, gear housing 10, planetary gear i11, planetary gear iI23, pinion frame 14, gear shaft 21, sun gear 22, gear ring 24, turn to adjusting lever 26, thrust bearing i27, thrust bearing iI28, slide key 29, water filling drilling pipe comprises water pipe 4, Water pipe bracket 5, straight tube water pipe 6, torsion spring 7, snap close 8, linear bearing 12, funnel joint 15, right-angle waterpipe joint 16, water filling drilling pipe 17, hubcap 18, drilling rod comprises auger stem 19, shaft coupling 20, it is characterized in that: line shaft 30 is through turning to the top stock of adjusting lever 26 and both to connect by slide key 29 connecting cylinder i3 are connected with reductor 1 body and pass through thrust bearing i27, thrust bearing iI28, clamping sleeve 2 and connecting cylinder iII25 connect, connecting cylinder iII25 are connected with line shaft 30 by bearing, connecting cylinder iII25 are connected by screw with below gear box cover 9, gear box cover 9 belows are provided with gear housing 10, and both are connected by screw, gear housing 10 inside are provided with gear shaft 21 and are connected with it by bearing, gear shaft 21 both sides are provided with pinion frame 14 and are connected with it by bearing, pinion frame 14 both sides, top are separately installed with sun gear 22, sun gear 22 is connected by key with gear shaft 21, gear housing 10 inside are provided with gear ring 24, and both are connected by screw, and gear housing 10 belows are connected by screw connecting cylinder is installed iI13, connecting cylinder iI13 belows have been connected by screw water filling drilling pipe 17, and gear shaft 21 belows are connected with auger stem 19 by shaft coupling 20, and auger stem 19 is connected by bearing with the water filling drilling pipe 17 of a side, connecting cylinder i3 one sides are welded with Water pipe bracket 5, Water pipe bracket 5 one sides are provided with snap close 8 and connect by pin, between Water pipe bracket 5 and snap close 8, torsion spring 7 is installed, Water pipe bracket 5 one sides are provided with straight tube water pipe 6 and connect by linear bearing 12, straight tube water pipe 6 upper ends are connected to external water pipe, water filling drilling pipe 17 below one sides are provided with right-angle waterpipe joint 16, and right-angle waterpipe joint 16 medial extremitys pass in water filling drilling pipe 17 wall chambeies.
Described right-angle waterpipe joint 16 one end, outside are connected with funnel joint 15.
Between described auger stem 19 and water filling drilling pipe 17, be provided with hubcap 18.
Described pinion frame 14 tops are provided with planetary gear i11, planetary gear iI23.
The utility model planting in desert revolves and digs the bit Integrated beneficial effect of water filling with double steering:
1) according to the loosely organized excavation that is difficult to of sandy soil, form applicable treehole reason, the mode that adopts water filling to fix the sand is deep-cut shaping, this device adopts the mode of drilling pipe and auger stem bidirectional rotation to carry out work according to sandy soil design feature, this working method all can significantly be increased work efficiency in boring and casting process, can be well fixing sandy soil, prevented that conventional desert afforestation from digging according in method, treehole difficult forming, the problem that is easy to subside;
2) avoided conventional spade to excavate or deeply planted and dig while excavating according to machinery, earth's surface, the desert strong disturbance of generation, causes secondary sand, the phenomenon of accelerated weathering.On-the-spot tree planting personnel's working environment is improved greatly, environmental protection;
3) improved the availability of water resource, in the process of carrying out water filling pouring, directly injected plant root, can make moisture can be more in depth under, avoid evaporating, improve sapling survival rate;
4) improve the efficiency of afforestation, saved labour, cost-saving;
5) the double steering structure arranging can be accelerated sandy soil and be discharged from from water filling drilling pipe inner chamber;
6) commutating structure arranging, can realize quick commutation, increases substantially operating efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that planting in desert revolves and digs the bit Integrated structural representation of water filling with double steering
Fig. 2 is that planting in desert revolves and digs the bit Integrated structural representation of water filling with double steering
In figure: reductor 1, clamping sleeve 2, connecting cylinder i3, water pipe 4, Water pipe bracket 5, straight tube water pipe 6, torsion spring 7, snap close 8, gear box cover 9, gear housing 10, planetary gear i11, linear bearing 12, connecting cylinder iI13, pinion frame 14, funnel joint 15, right-angle waterpipe joint 16, water filling drilling pipe 17, hubcap 18, auger stem 19, shaft coupling 20, gear shaft 21, sun gear 22, planetary gear iI23, gear ring 24, connecting cylinder iII25, turn to adjusting lever 26, thrust bearing i27, thrust bearing iI28, slide key 29, line shaft 30
Embodiment
Example 1.
Below with reference to accompanying drawing 1,2, the utility model is described in further detail.
The utility model is by reductor 1, clamping sleeve 2, connecting cylinder i3, water pipe 4, Water pipe bracket 5, straight tube water pipe 6, torsion spring 7, snap close 8, gear box cover 9, gear housing 10, planetary gear i11, linear bearing 12, connecting cylinder iI13, pinion frame 14, funnel joint 15, right-angle waterpipe joint 16, water filling drilling pipe 17, hubcap 18, auger stem 19, shaft coupling 20, gear shaft 21, sun gear 22, planetary gear iI23, gear ring 24, connecting cylinder iII25, turn to adjusting lever 26, thrust bearing i27, thrust bearing iI28, slide key 29, line shaft 30 forms, and concrete structure is: line shaft 30 is through turning to the top stock of adjusting lever 26 and both to connect by slide key 29, connecting cylinder i3 are connected with reductor 1 body and pass through thrust bearing i27, thrust bearing iI28, clamping sleeve 2 and connecting cylinder iII25 connect, connecting cylinder iII25 are connected with line shaft 30 by bearing, connecting cylinder iII25 are connected by screw with below gear box cover 9, gear box cover 9 belows are provided with gear housing 10, and both are connected by screw, gear housing 10 inside are provided with gear shaft 21 and are connected with it by bearing, gear shaft 21 both sides are provided with pinion frame 14 and are connected with it by bearing, pinion frame 14 both sides, top are separately installed with sun gear 22, sun gear 22 is connected by key with gear shaft 21, gear housing 10 inside are provided with gear ring 24, and both are connected by screw, and gear housing 10 belows are connected by screw connecting cylinder is installed iI13, connecting cylinder iI13 belows have been connected by screw water filling drilling pipe 17, and gear shaft 21 belows are connected with auger stem 19 by shaft coupling 20, and auger stem 19 is connected by bearing with the water filling drilling pipe 17 of a side, connecting cylinder i3 one sides are welded with Water pipe bracket 5, Water pipe bracket 5 one sides are provided with snap close 8 and connect by pin, between Water pipe bracket 5 and snap close 8, torsion spring 7 is installed, Water pipe bracket 5 one sides are provided with straight tube water pipe 6 and connect by linear bearing 12, straight tube water pipe 6 upper ends are connected to external water pipe, water filling drilling pipe 17 below one sides are provided with right-angle waterpipe joint 16, and right-angle waterpipe joint 16 medial extremitys pass in water filling drilling pipe 17 wall chambeies.Described right-angle waterpipe joint 16 one end, outside are connected with funnel joint 15.Between described auger stem 19 and water filling drilling pipe 17, be provided with hubcap 18.Described pinion frame 14 tops are provided with planetary gear i11, planetary gear iI23.
Using method: while boring under the moulding of digging pit before seedling plantation, to turn to adjusting lever 26 to push away at worm type of reduction gearing upper end extension downwards, make to turn to 12 prisms of adjusting lever 26 lower ends to insert in 12 prism holes of gear shaft 21 upper ends, then start power set, the line shaft 30 of worm type of reduction gearing drives and turns to adjusting lever rotation, turn to 21 rotations of adjusting lever driven gear axle, gear shaft 21 drives sun gear 22 rotations, and sun gear 22 drives planetary gearsets (planetary gear i11, planetary gear iI23) rotation, planetary gearsets (planetary gear i11, planetary gear iI23) drive gear housing 10, the connecting cylinder being connected with gear ring 24 iII25, connecting cylinder iI13 reverse rotations, and then drive water filling drilling pipe 17 to counter-rotate, gear shaft 21 drives and is rotated in the forward with its auger stem being connected by shaft coupling 20 19, during lower brill, auger stem 19 is rotated in the forward, 17 reverse rotations of water filling drilling pipe, sandy soil are transported to water filling drilling pipe 17 inner chambers by helical blade, and 17 reverse rotations of water filling drilling pipe can make whole drill bit pierce fast smoothly ground;
When piercing earth's surface, drill bit requires after the degree of depth, close power set, to turn to adjusting lever 26 to carry certain distance on worm type of reduction gearing upper part, make to turn to adjusting lever 26 and gear shaft 21 to depart from, then straight tube water pipe 6 is pushed away straight down, make straight tube water pipe 6 lower ends insert funnel joint 15, funnel joint 15 is connected with right-angle waterpipe joint 16, right-angle waterpipe joint 16 communicates with water filling drilling pipe 17, then to the water that passes into certain pressure in straight tube water pipe 6, water is by straight tube water pipe 6, funnel joint 15, right-angle waterpipe joint 16 flows in water filling drilling pipe 17 wall chambeies, on water filling drilling pipe 17 outer walls, be evenly distributed with ostium excurrens, the water injecting in water filling drilling pipe 17 wall chambeies can flow out by the aperture on outer wall, be poured in type tree well inwall, fix sandy soil, stop sandy soil to subside, destroy the tree well having dug, after water filling, close water source, to on straight tube water pipe 6, carry, domatic projection on straight tube water pipe 6 outer walls is snapped on the draw-in groove of snap close 8, because the effect of torsion spring 7 can make snap close 8 outwards be close to straight tube water pipe 6, make straight tube water pipe 6 be fixed on the position of funnel joint 15 top certain distances, do not fall, avoid straight tube water pipe 6 and water filling drilling pipe 17 to interfere,
After the injecting process finishes, drill bit is pulled up from type tree well, drill bit is removed to certain distance from type tree well top, then will turn to adjusting lever 26 to carry certain distance on worm type of reduction gearing upper part, make to turn to the 12 prism borehole jacks at adjusting lever 26 middle parts to enter connecting cylinder iII12 prisms of 25 inside, start power set, and the line shaft 30 of worm type of reduction gearing drives and turns to adjusting lever 26, turn to adjusting lever 26 to drive connecting cylinder iII25, gear housing 10, connecting cylinder iI13 and water filling drilling pipe 17 be rotated in the forward, the gear ring 24 drive planetary gearsets (planetary gears that are simultaneously connected with gear housing 10 i11, planetary gear iI23), planetary gearsets (planetary gear i11), planetary gear iI23) drive sun gear 22 reverse rotations, sun gear 22 driven gear axle 21 reverse rotations, gear shaft 21 drives again with it by connected auger stem 19 reverse rotations of shaft coupling 20, thereby the sandy soil in water filling drilling pipe 17 inner chambers are sent, and the switched in opposite of water filling drilling pipe 17 and auger stem 19 can be accelerated sandy soil and be sent from water filling drilling pipe 17 inner chambers.

Claims (4)

1. planting in desert revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated, comprises reductor, double steering structure, water filling drilling pipe, drilling rod, and wherein reductor also comprises line shaft (30), and double steering structure comprises clamping sleeve (2), connecting cylinder i(3), connecting cylinder iI(13), connecting cylinder iII(25), gear box cover (9), gear housing (10), planetary gear i(11), planetary gear iI(23), pinion frame (14), gear shaft (21), sun gear (22), gear ring (24), turn to adjusting lever (26), thrust bearing i(27), thrust bearing iI(28), slide key (29), water filling drilling pipe comprises water pipe (4), Water pipe bracket (5), straight tube water pipe (6), torsion spring (7), snap close (8), linear bearing (12), funnel joint (15), right-angle waterpipe joint (16), water filling drilling pipe (17), hubcap (18), drilling rod comprises auger stem (19), shaft coupling (20), it is characterized in that: line shaft (30) is through turning to the top stock of adjusting lever (26) and both to connect by slide key (29) connecting cylinder i(3) be connected with reductor (1) body and pass through thrust bearing i(27), thrust bearing iI(28), clamping sleeve (2) and connecting cylinder iII(25) connect connecting cylinder iII(25) by bearing, be connected connecting cylinder with line shaft (30) iII(25) be connected by screw with below gear box cover (9), gear box cover (9) below is provided with gear housing (10), and both are connected by screw, gear housing (10) inside is provided with gear shaft (21) and is connected with it by bearing, gear shaft (21) both sides are provided with pinion frame (14) and are connected with it by bearing, both sides, pinion frame (14) top are separately installed with sun gear (22), sun gear (22) is connected by key with gear shaft (21), gear housing (10) inside is provided with gear ring (24), and both are connected by screw, gear housing (10) below is connected by screw connecting cylinder is installed iI(13), connecting cylinder iI(13) below has been connected by screw water filling drilling pipe (17), gear shaft (21) below is connected with auger stem (19) by shaft coupling (20), auger stem (19) is connected by bearing with the water filling drilling pipe (17) of a side, connecting cylinder i(3) one sides are welded with Water pipe bracket (5), Water pipe bracket (5) one sides are provided with snap close (8) and connect by pin, between Water pipe bracket (5) and snap close (8), torsion spring (7) is installed, Water pipe bracket (5) one sides are provided with straight tube water pipe (6) and connect by linear bearing (12), straight tube water pipe (6) upper end is connected to external water pipe, water filling drilling pipe (17) below one side is provided with right-angle waterpipe joint (16), and right-angle waterpipe joint (16) medial extremity passes in water filling drilling pipe (17) wall chamber.
2. planting in desert as claimed in claim 1 revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated, it is characterized in that: described one end, right-angle waterpipe joint (16) outside is connected with funnel joint (15).
3. planting in desert as claimed in claim 1 revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated, it is characterized in that: between described auger stem (19) and water filling drilling pipe (17), be provided with hubcap (18).
4. planting in desert as claimed in claim 1 revolves with double steering that to dig water filling bit Integrated, it is characterized in that: described pinion frame (14) top is provided with planetary gear i(11), planetary gear iI(23).
CN201420264853.1U 2014-05-23 2014-05-23 Double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting Expired - Fee Related CN203840727U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201420264853.1U CN203840727U (en) 2014-05-23 2014-05-23 Double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420264853.1U CN203840727U (en) 2014-05-23 2014-05-23 Double-steering rotary excavating and water injecting integrated drill bit for desert tree planting

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104584746A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-05-06 方志 Multi-station impact type sand tree-planting machine
CN107466513A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-15 河海大学 A kind of rotary digging fluid injection implant system and method for control of desert
CN109156117A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-08 安徽省尚书生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of field planting of pear tree thrown with anti-soil splash open pit device
CN109168439A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-11 张磊 A kind of plantation of sapling with open hole soil recycle it is anti-throw splash open pit device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104584746A (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-05-06 方志 Multi-station impact type sand tree-planting machine
CN107466513A (en) * 2017-07-31 2017-12-15 河海大学 A kind of rotary digging fluid injection implant system and method for control of desert
CN109156117A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-08 安徽省尚书生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of field planting of pear tree thrown with anti-soil splash open pit device
CN109168439A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-01-11 张磊 A kind of plantation of sapling with open hole soil recycle it is anti-throw splash open pit device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140924

Termination date: 20160523