CN203824586U - Integrated wireless vertical multielement multi-group soil moisture content observe and predict meter - Google Patents

Integrated wireless vertical multielement multi-group soil moisture content observe and predict meter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203824586U
CN203824586U CN201420240201.4U CN201420240201U CN203824586U CN 203824586 U CN203824586 U CN 203824586U CN 201420240201 U CN201420240201 U CN 201420240201U CN 203824586 U CN203824586 U CN 203824586U
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China
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soil
soil moisture
moisture content
sensor
longitudinally
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420240201.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘平
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Zhejiang union Technology Co., Ltd.
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刘平
刘晓妍
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather

Abstract

The utility model relates to the agriculture information technical field, and discloses an integrated wireless vertical multielement multi-group soil moisture content observe and predict meter comprising a wireless communication module, a data acquisition module, a multielement sensor, a cloud server, a processor and a display terminal; a power supply mode uses a built in lithium battery; wireless signals employ GPRS; a Modbus communication protocol is used; the display terminal is a hand-held machine. One group can be finished in 10minutes, and communication can be simultaneously set up without damaging a dam body mountain; the product can be conveniently dismounted after flood season is over, and can be reused after being cleaned; the observe and predict meter have great function in agricultural production, and especially for dripping irrigation, soil improvement, sand water resistance; the observe and predict meter is integrated, multi-layer combined, highly concentrated, very convenient in field usage, and can be demonstrated in calamity emergency usage.

Description

Integrated wireless is polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments longitudinally
Technical field
The utility model relates to Agricultural Information technical field, the soil moisture content monitoring equipment of the massif of multi-layer Soil agriculturally of especially a kind of application and disaster aspect, the soil of dam body, frozen soil layer, snow melt rubble flow.
Background technology
Landslide is common natural geologic hazard, causes heavy losses to nation-building and people's lives and properties, therefore Real-Time Monitoring massif state, and it is significant to preventing and reducing natural disasters to issue landslide early warning information.
Substantially be that analysis and early warning is done in conjunction with meteorological rainfall situation in several monitoring points of fixing to the mountain landslide supervision in rainy season now.At present domestic general soil moisture content monitoring product has soil moisture sensor, soil moisture sensor+soil temperature sensor, three kinds of products of soil moisture sensor+soil temperature sensor+conductivity sensor, in conjunction with rain sensor etc., then connect all kinds of wired or wireless transmission equipments.This series products can meet use in the monitoring of agricultural production thin solum, as will be monitored profound Soil Water Content Monitoring, in water-deficient area, the Soil Moisture Monitoring of severe cold area used with regard to more complicated, and existing product will be expected the soil parameters of many group degree of depth at the scene, must excavate larger area soil layer, in the different degree of depth, multiple sensors are installed respectively, be connected on a collector.How to put into operation be at short notice more difficult in monitoring point, monitors as completed the interior multiple spot to dam body, massif in the short time flood season, can not destroy again the structure of dam body, massif, just had certain difficulty.Therefore just become extremely and be necessary for the improvement of the monitoring instrument of all kinds soil moisture content.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of a kind of integrated wireless, has solved following problem of the prior art:
1, existing soil moisture content monitoring instrument is merely able to meet compared with the soil of shallow hierarchy, for the monitoring of profound soil moisture content and in water-deficient area, the Soil Moisture Monitoring of severe cold area is just difficult to accomplish;
2, it is more difficult that how existing soil moisture content monitoring instrument will realize the monitoring rate of the pedotheque at short notice.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
Integrated wireless is polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments longitudinally, are characterised in that: comprise wireless communication module, data acquisition module, multielement bar, Cloud Server, processor and display terminal; Power supply form adopts built-in lithium battery group to power; Wireless signal adopts GPRS; Adopt Modbus communications protocol; Display terminal is hand-held set;
Described multielement bar is to comprise that soil moisture sensor, soil temperature sensor, soil conductivity sensor, massif obliquity sensor are in the multi-parameter sensor of one;
All kinds of parameters that described data acquisition module obtains multielement bar, carry out calculation process and calibration, coding by single-chip microcomputer;
Described wireless communication module is the data that data acquisition unit is handled well, by DTU communication module, adopts 3G network to transmit.
As preferably, in described soil moisture sensor, be provided with three probes, for the electric capacity between probe in the middle of measuring in real time and both sides probe, and by AD change, single-chip microcomputer calculation process, non-linear correction and DA change and export.
As preferably, soil temperature sensor is platinum filament thermal resistance sensor.
As preferably, soil conductivity sensor adopts conductivity type contact sensor, does not need to gather soil sample to be measured in the time of image data, does not need disturbed soil, can not affect, hurt crops when measurement.
As preferably, the inner high resolving power difference digital to analog converter that adopts of massif obliquity sensor, by automatic compensating method, has reduced the error that environmental change causes.Put miniature solid pendulum, change by measuring static gravitational field, convert change of pitch angle to, change and export by voltage (0-5V) mode.
As preferably, in processor, the rank of single-chip microcomputer is technical grade.
As preferably, display terminal can also computer or smart mobile phone.
As preferably, wireless signal can also adopt CDMA or ZigBee.
As preferably, communications protocol can also RS-485 communications protocol.
As preferably, power supply form can also adopt solar panel or civil power.
For coordinating the use of the utility model product, is also furnished with the Luoyang Spade of customization.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the integrated wireless that 1, the utility model provides longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments adopts many group sensors can realize the Real-Time Monitoring of the many groups parameter to soil moisture content;
2, this integrated wireless longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments when for deep soil image data more for convenience, do not need to excavate soil horizon, multiple sensors are installed, only the probe of this product need be inserted into depth of soils, quick and easy, can realize the many ground in the short time, the monitoring of multi-level soil moisture content.
3, the spy body of product adopts engineering plastics to make, and intensity is high, and corrosion resistivity is good; Shell adopts Green Flammability epoxy resin cure, and waterproof, can bear stronger external impacts completely; Draw point adopts quality matetrial, can stand long-term electrolysis, can stand the acid and alkali corrosion in soil; Measuring accuracy is high, and dependable performance is affected by soil salt content less, can adapt to various soil properties; Product is furnished with the Luoyang Spade of customization, and it is convenient especially to install and use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model multielement bar;
Fig. 3 is workflow diagram of the present utility model.
In figure: 1, wireless communication module; 2, data acquisition module; 3, multielement bar; 31, soil moisture sensor; 32, soil temperature sensor; 33, soil conductivity sensor; 34, massif obliquity sensor; 4, lithium battery group.
Embodiment
By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail now, these accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, only in the mode of signal, basic structure of the present utility model and principle of work are described.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the utility model discloses longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of a kind of integrated wireless, comprise wireless communication module 1, data acquisition module 2, multielement bar 3, Cloud Server, processor and display terminal; Power supply form adopts built-in lithium battery group 4 to power; Wireless signal adopts GPRS; Adopt Modbus communications protocol; Display terminal is hand-held set; Multielement bar 3 is to comprise that soil moisture sensor 31, soil temperature sensor 32, soil conductivity sensor 33, massif obliquity sensor 34 are in the multi-parameter sensor of one; All kinds of parameters that data acquisition module 2 obtains multielement bar 3 are carried out calculation process and calibration, coding by single-chip microcomputer; Wireless communication module 1 is the data that data acquisition module 2 is handled well, by DTU communication module, adopts 3G network to transmit.
Preferably, in soil moisture sensor 31, be provided with three probes, for the electric capacity between probe in the middle of measuring in real time and both sides probe, and output after AD conversion, single-chip microcomputer calculation process, non-linear correction and DA conversion.
Preferably, soil temperature sensor 32 is platinum filament thermal resistance sensor.
Preferably, soil conductivity sensor 33 adopts conductivity type contact sensor, does not need to gather soil sample to be measured in the time of image data, does not need disturbed soil, can not affect, hurt crops when measurement.
Preferably, the inner high resolving power difference digital to analog converter that adopts of massif obliquity sensor 34, by automatic compensating method, has reduced the error that environmental change causes.Put miniature solid pendulum, change by measuring static gravitational field, convert change of pitch angle to, change and export by voltage (0-5V) mode.
Preferably, in processor, the rank of single-chip microcomputer is technical grade.
Preferably, display terminal can also computer or smart mobile phone.
Preferably, wireless signal can also adopt CDMA or ZigBee.
Preferably, communications protocol can also RS-485 communications protocol.
Preferably, power supply form can also adopt solar panel or civil power.
Principle of work of the present utility model is: by the utility model product be inserted into must depth of soil after, soil moisture sensor 31 in multielement bar 3, soil temperature sensor 32, soil conductivity sensor 33 and massif obliquity sensor 34 monitor respectively the moisture of soil, temperature, the multi-group datas such as conductivity, multielement bar 3 is sent to data acquisition module 2 after obtaining corresponding data, all kinds of parameters that data acquisition module 2 obtains multielement bar 3 are carried out calculation process and calibration by single-chip microcomputer, coding, the data of handling well are transferred to Cloud Server by 3G network, due to the volumetric(al) moisture content in soil, certain funtcional relationship that the specific inductive capacity showing with soil becomes to fix, almost with soil property and water in contained salinity irrelevant.So, the utility model adopts frequency domain measuring method, the electric capacity in the middle of measuring between probe and both sides probe, and this electric capacity is directly proportional to specific inductive capacity, through AD conversion, single-chip microcomputer calculation process, non-linear correction and DA conversion output, can obtain and soil volumetric water content; The soil moisture adopts all reasonable PT100 platinum filament thermal resistance sensors of a kind of stability and linearity, can be operated in the scope of-200 DEG C to 650 DEG C, and it can change resistance value with the rising of temperature; Soil conductivity adopts electric pole type soil conductivity sensor to carry out contact type measurement, the advantage of adopting is in this way need to not gather soil sample to be measured in tested plot, do not need disturbed soil, when measurement, can not affect, hurt crops, can both carry out in real time the measurement of soil conductivity in each time period of crop growth; The built-in high precision 16bitA/D differential converter of massif slant angle sensor 34, by 5 rank filtering algorithms, thereby can export inclination and luffing angle with respect to the horizontal plane by survey sensor, there is gravitational shift, inclination when visiting body and surface soil, sensor output signal changes the former value of reading at once, report tilting value, process in time the preparation of withdrawing before landslide, unified mutually with real-time, rapidity that the prediction requirement of present information agricultural and disaster is measured.After many groups soil moisture content data of soil are measured, for can demonstrate these data on display terminal, then make corresponding decision-making according to these data.
The product of prior art will be expected the soil parameters of many group degree of depth at the scene, must excavate larger area soil layer, in the different degree of depth, multiple sensors is installed respectively, is connected on a collector.And to put into operation be at short notice more difficult to monitoring point, many ground, as monitored the multiple spot of dam body, massif at short notice in flood season, again can not be to the destruction of dam body massif, just there is certain difficulty, as adopt the utility model product " integrated wireless is polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments longitudinally " in 10 clocks, to complete one group, and set up communication simultaneously, to almost not destroying of dam body massif.After finishing flood season, tear open back also very conveniently, after tearing open back, clean out in the future and reuse.The utility model product also can be brought into play great effect in agricultural production, particularly dripping irrigation, soil improvement, sand ground is blocked water etc.Therefore the utility model product has integrated, multiple layer combination, the advantage such as highly integrated, and it is very convenient to use at the scene, uses and more can embody especially at calamity emergency.
Be more than embodiment of the present utility model, variation or displacement that those skilled in the art makes corresponding structure under the enlightenment of above-mentioned embodiment all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless, are characterised in that: comprise wireless communication module (1), data acquisition module (2), multielement bar (3), Cloud Server, processor and display terminal; Power supply form adopts built-in lithium battery group (4) to power; Wireless signal adopts GPRS; Adopt Modbus communications protocol; Display terminal is hand-held set;
Described multielement bar (3) is to comprise that soil moisture sensor (31), soil temperature sensor (32), soil conductivity sensor (33), massif obliquity sensor (34) are in the multi-parameter sensor of one;
All kinds of parameters that described data acquisition module (2) obtains multielement bar (3) are carried out calculation process and calibration, coding by single-chip microcomputer;
Described wireless communication module (1) is the data that data acquisition module (2) is handled well, by DTU communication module, adopts 3G network to transmit.
2. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: in described soil moisture sensor (31), be provided with three probes, for the electric capacity between probe in the middle of measuring in real time and both sides probe, and output after AD conversion, single-chip microcomputer calculation process, non-linear correction and DA conversion.
3. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: described soil temperature sensor (32) is platinum filament thermal resistance sensor.
4. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, be characterised in that: described soil conductivity sensor (33) adopts conductivity type contact sensor, in the time of image data, do not need to gather soil sample to be measured, do not need disturbed soil, when measurement, can not affect, hurt crops.
5. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: the inner high resolving power difference digital to analog converter that adopts of described massif obliquity sensor (34).
6. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: in described processor, the rank of single-chip microcomputer is technical grade.
7. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: described display terminal can also be computer or smart mobile phone.
8. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: described wireless signal can also adopt CDMA or ZigBee.
9. longitudinally polynary many group soil moisture content monitoring equipments of integrated wireless as claimed in claim 1, are characterised in that: described communications protocol can also be RS-485 communications protocol; Power supply form can also adopt solar panel or civil power.
CN201420240201.4U 2014-05-12 2014-05-12 Integrated wireless vertical multielement multi-group soil moisture content observe and predict meter Expired - Fee Related CN203824586U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729577A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-06-24 刘平 Integrated wireless longitudinal multi-element and multi-group soil moisture content measuring instrument
CN110443980A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-12 广州海洋地质调查局 Geological Hazards Monitoring device based on Internet of Things

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104729577A (en) * 2014-05-12 2015-06-24 刘平 Integrated wireless longitudinal multi-element and multi-group soil moisture content measuring instrument
CN110443980A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-12 广州海洋地质调查局 Geological Hazards Monitoring device based on Internet of Things

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: ZHEJIANG HONS WULIAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: LIU PING

Effective date: 20141230

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Effective date: 20141230

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20141230

Address after: Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 311100 West No. 1500 building 3 room 314

Patentee after: Zhejiang Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 603, room 6, unit 8, five West Court, Grand View Garden, Gongshu District, Zhejiang, Hangzhou 310000, China

Patentee before: Liu Ping

Patentee before: Liu Xiaoyan

Effective date of registration: 20141230

Address after: Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 311100 West No. 1500 building 3 room 314

Patentee after: Zhejiang Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 603, room 6, unit 8, five West Court, Grand View Garden, Gongshu District, Zhejiang, Hangzhou 310000, China

Patentee before: Liu Ping

Patentee before: Liu Xiaoyan

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: ADDRESS; FROM: 310000 HANGZHOU, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE TO: 311100 HANGZHOU, ZHEJIANG PROVINCE

TR01 Transfer of patent right
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Effective date of registration: 20170313

Address after: Green Ting Road Yuhang District Cang Qian street of Hangzhou city Zhejiang province 311121 No. 1 Building 3 room 205-2

Patentee after: Zhejiang union Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 311100 West No. 1500 building 3 room 314

Patentee before: Zhejiang Technology Co., Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20170313

Address after: Green Ting Road Yuhang District Cang Qian street of Hangzhou city Zhejiang province 311121 No. 1 Building 3 room 205-2

Patentee after: Zhejiang union Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: Yuhang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 311100 West No. 1500 building 3 room 314

Patentee before: Zhejiang Technology Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140910

Termination date: 20200512