CN112040010A - Ecological environment monitoring system based on Internet of things - Google Patents

Ecological environment monitoring system based on Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112040010A
CN112040010A CN202011094210.3A CN202011094210A CN112040010A CN 112040010 A CN112040010 A CN 112040010A CN 202011094210 A CN202011094210 A CN 202011094210A CN 112040010 A CN112040010 A CN 112040010A
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China
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water
monitoring system
internet
things
sensor
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李长力
陈志颖
王永佳
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Ceitc Nanjing Co ltd
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Ceitc Nanjing Co ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/12Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/02Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Protocols based on web technology, e.g. hypertext transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of applications

Abstract

The invention discloses an ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things, which comprises a pipe network emission monitoring system, a secondary water supply monitoring system, a water environment monitoring system, a rain condition monitoring system and a management control system, wherein the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system are all in network communication connection with the management control system; the secondary water supply monitoring system is used for monitoring the quality of water quality of urban secondary water supply; the water source environment monitoring system is used for monitoring the water quality conditions of a water source, a pump station and a sewage treatment plant; the rain condition monitoring system is used for monitoring weather and rainfall; the management control system comprises a data platform and an application display platform, wherein the data platform is used for processing monitoring data, analyzing the monitoring data through a model and transmitting the monitoring data to the display platform; the display platform comprises a computer web end, a computer client, a tablet computer client and a mobile client app end.

Description

Ecological environment monitoring system based on Internet of things
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of water resource monitoring and management, in particular to an ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things.
Background
With the rapid development of socioeconomic of China and the acceleration of urbanization and industrialization processes, the problem of water safety in daily life related to the health of people becomes a problem of general public concern, and water quality monitoring is an indispensable link in water safety guarantee and water pollution treatment; the water quality monitoring is a process for monitoring and determining the types, concentrations and change trends of pollutants in water and evaluating the water quality condition, at present, from the aspect of overall water quality monitoring, the production data of water supply and sewage are not further analyzed and processed, the number of data uploading points of water supply network water quality monitoring points is small, the data of a drainage pipe network drainage port is not uploaded, the test data of a test center is not well combined with the production data of a water plant and a sewage plant, the water quality management of the whole water service enterprise does not have a comprehensive database, and a comprehensive data monitoring and management system is not provided for guiding and supervising the water production and the urban sewage treatment according to standards and specifications.
At present, the main methods for monitoring the water quality comprise an artificial sampling method and a real-time monitoring method, wherein the artificial sampling method is to collect a water sample on site and bring the water sample back to a laboratory for processing and analysis, and the method has low efficiency and hysteresis and cannot realize real-time monitoring under severe weather conditions. The real-time monitoring is to arrange a floating sensor in a water area to be monitored to detect a water sample in real time, and the real-time monitoring method is increasingly widely used due to convenience.
In addition, the management of water resources is more and more important in national economy, and the automatic water condition measuring and reporting system can measure and report water condition data such as rainfall and the like to an information center in real time, provide a large amount of hydrological data for water conservancy departments, provide accurate and scientific data for flood control and flood prevention and disaster reduction, and play an important role. The water regime monitoring and forecasting in the related technology mostly adopts an ultrashort wave transmission method, the method has the problems of high construction cost and the like, and the system improvement of the existing water regime monitoring and management by adopting an advanced technological means is imperative.
Therefore, it is necessary to develop an ecological environment monitoring system based on the internet of things, which can monitor water resource data in real time, realize automatic acquisition, transmission, display, storage, processing and alarm of the water resource data, and improve the ecological environment management efficiency; the system realizes the visualization of the whole life cycle of the urban water industry, the monitoring and evaluation of the sponge city, the water environment improvement and the intelligent drainage, and realizes the secondary water supply application efficiency, namely the monitoring and early warning of the distribution control point.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide an ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things, which can monitor water resource data in real time, realize automatic acquisition, transmission, display, storage, processing and alarm of the water resource data, and improve the ecological environment management efficiency; the system realizes the visualization of the whole life cycle of the urban water industry, the monitoring and evaluation of the sponge city, the water environment improvement and the intelligent drainage, and realizes the efficiency of secondary water supply application, namely the monitoring and early warning of the distribution control point.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the technical scheme that: the ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things comprises a pipe network emission monitoring system, a secondary water supply monitoring system, a water environment monitoring system, a rain condition monitoring system and a management control system, wherein the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system are all in network communication connection with the management control system, and the pipe network emission monitoring system is used for monitoring sewage emission conditions of factories, lives and parks; the secondary water supply monitoring system is used for monitoring the quality of water quality of urban secondary water supply; the water source environment monitoring system is used for monitoring the water quality conditions of a water source, a pump station and a sewage treatment plant; the rain condition monitoring system is used for monitoring weather and rainfall; the management control system comprises a data platform and an application display platform, wherein the data platform is used for processing monitoring data of the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system, and transmitting the monitoring data to the display platform after model analysis; the display platform comprises a computer web end, a computer client, a tablet computer client and a mobile client app end.
By adopting the technical scheme, the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system are in network communication connection with the management control system, so that the monitored water quality and water condition data of each monitoring system are obtained, the data are processed by the data platform and then transmitted to the display platform in real time, and managers and maintenance personnel can check the data in real time and check historical curves, early warning information and the like, so that the real-time monitoring of the water ecological environment is realized; the system provides APP information service for the mobile terminal, can show river and lake conditions in real time, and can inform maintenance personnel at the first time of abnormality. The APP mainly manages a series of work such as personnel organization, river and lake affairs, various data and the like in the district in a comprehensive mode. Classifying, classifying and checking the personnel organization structure and the corresponding job performing condition according to a hierarchical architecture, carrying out multi-dimensional statistics and analysis on monitoring data by using a graph mode, monitoring and managing equipment, realizing river patrol, processing daily problem events, official documents and other work, and conveniently inquiring relevant documents of rivers and lakes; the system is provided with a river and lake leader business training module, and is provided with policies, knowledge bases, cases and the like related to regulation, maintenance and the like of all rivers and lakes.
The invention is further improved in that the pipe network emission monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system respectively comprise a plurality of Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring devices, the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring devices are arranged at the water area to be monitored, each Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device comprises a host and a plurality of sensors, the sensors are connected with the host, and the sensors are arranged in the water area to be monitored. The monitoring equipment for the water ecological environment of the Internet of things is arranged at a water area to be monitored, and the water quality and the water condition of the water area are monitored in real time through a plurality of sensors, so that the real-time data of the water quality and the water condition are acquired, and the monitoring equipment for the water ecological environment of the Internet of things can be powered by using an electric wire, a solar cell panel, a lithium battery and the like. The Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is in a form of combining a TIOTBOX (host) with a sensor, the TIOTBOX can be used for installing a vertical rod or a buoy, and the sensor is provided with a water division condition sensor and a water quality sensor, carries a solar power supply board or commercial power and is installed through a fixing part; the TIOTBOX host machine is provided with an IP67 waterproof shell (supporting multiple industry application modes and being connected with more than 50 industrial sensors), can meet the requirement of differential configuration of different Internet of things water quality and water condition monitors, and comprises water quality monitoring, flow monitoring, water and rain condition monitoring, liquid level detection, soil temperature and humidity monitoring, weather monitoring, pollution discharge monitoring and the like; the solar power supply device is provided with a solar power supply port, a USB power supply port, an antenna interface and a plurality of sensor socket ports; the TIOTBOX can be provided with different sensors or monitoring units according to the application scene of a client, and the information encryption is carried out on the sensing data in a wireless transmission mode and finally the sensing data is pushed to a cloud data platform appointed by the client.
The invention is further improved in that the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment also comprises a solar cell panel, wherein the solar cell panel is arranged above the host and used for supplying power to the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; the host is connected with the sensor through a sensor connector. The solar cell panel is arranged, so that the solar cell can be conveniently used for supplying power to the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment.
The invention is further improved in that the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment further comprises a base, a vertical rod, a telescopic cross rod and a telescopic vertical rod, wherein the vertical rod is fixed on one side of a water area to be monitored through the base, the host is arranged at one end, far away from the base, of the vertical rod, the plurality of sensors are connected with sensor plug connectors arranged on the host on the vertical rod through the telescopic vertical rod and the telescopic cross rod in sequence, so that the sensors are electrically connected with the host, and the plurality of sensors realize position adjustment through the telescopic vertical rod and the telescopic cross rod. The device for monitoring the water ecological environment of the Internet of things is a vertical rod water quality monitoring device, the position of the sensor can be adjusted through the telescopic vertical rods and the telescopic cross rods, and meanwhile, the depth of the sensor can be adjusted, so that the vertical rod water quality monitoring device is suitable for various water areas; the host machine in the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is connected with the upright rod in a cable holding mode; the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment supports narrow and wide band Internet of things such as LoRa, NB-IoT and communication modes such as GPRS, is processed with deep low power consumption, is provided with a 4-surface high-efficiency photovoltaic panel and a large-capacity lithium battery, and can work for one month in rainy days. The telescopic cross rod and the telescopic vertical rod respectively comprise at least two hollow tubes, each hollow tube comprises an outer tube, a first hollow tube is sleeved in each outer tube, and the inner diameter of each outer tube is larger than or equal to the outer diameter of the corresponding first hollow tube; the expansion joint device is characterized in that a concave hoop is arranged at one end, sleeved with a first hollow pipe, of the outer pipe, a first expansion joint component is sleeved at one end, arranged inside the outer pipe, of the first hollow pipe, and the concave hoop is matched with a clamping part of the first expansion joint component for use. One end of the first hollow pipe, which is arranged outside the outer pipe, is connected with a first bushing; the outer diameter of the first bushing is the same as the inner diameter of the first hollow pipe; one end of the outer pipe, which is provided with the concave hoop, is connected with a second bushing, and the outer diameter of the second bushing is the same as the inner diameter of the outer pipe; the other end of the outer pipe is connected with a second expansion and expansion assembly, and the second expansion and expansion assembly and the outer pipe, and the first expansion and expansion assembly and the first hollow pipe are fixedly connected through a plurality of groups of grooves; the groove groups are formed by pressing, and the outer diameter of the clamping part of the expansion and contraction assembly I is the same as the inner diameter of the outer pipe; the number of the hollow pipes is adjusted according to the required length.
The invention is further improved in that the monitoring equipment for the water ecological environment of the Internet of things comprises a floating platform, wherein the host is arranged on the floating platform, and the solar cell panel is arranged above the host; the bottom of host computer is equipped with a plurality of sensor plug connector, the sensor passes through the sensor plug connector with the host computer is connected. The thing networking water ecological environment monitoring facilities who sets up like this is buoy water quality monitoring appearance, supports narrow broadband thing allies oneself with and communication methods such as GPRS such as loRa, NB-IoT, and degree of depth low-power dissipation is handled, 4 high efficiency photovoltaic boards to be equipped with the large capacity lithium cell, but overcast and rainy day work one month, the sensor possesses the protection casing simultaneously, and the measurement depth is adjustable, is applicable to river course and lake face wide in a wide range.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the host is further provided with a solar power supply port, a USB power supply port and an antenna interface, the host is further internally provided with a control module, a network transmission module, a data storage module and a positioning module, the network transmission module, the data storage module and the positioning module are all connected with the control module, and the solar power supply port, the USB power supply port and the antenna interface are all connected with the control module. The system supports communication modes such as narrow-broadband Internet of things (IOT) and GPRS (general packet radio service), such as LoRa (LoRa), NB-IoT (NB-IoT), and the like, supports Beidou and GPS (global positioning system) positioning, and tracks with a GIS platform in real time.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, sensors in the water ecological environment monitoring equipment of the internet of things in the pipe network emission monitoring system and the water source environment monitoring system are divided into a water condition sensor and a water quality sensor, wherein the water condition sensor comprises an ultrasonic liquid level sensor and a Doppler flow sensor; the water quality sensor comprises a water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, a water quality turbidity sensor, a water quality conductivity measurement and a water quality pH sensor, wherein the ultrasonic liquid level sensor, the Doppler flow sensor, the water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, the water quality turbidity sensor, the water quality conductivity measurement and the water quality pH sensor are uniformly distributed in the sewage at the sewage discharge port.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the sensors in the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment in the rain condition monitoring system comprise a rain condition monitoring sensor, a radar liquid level sensor, a water quality sensor and a Doppler flow sensor.
As a preferred technical scheme, the secondary water supply monitoring system comprises a water tank water quality monitoring device, a communication module and a management control module, wherein the water tank water quality monitoring device and the communication module are connected with the management control module, the water tank water quality monitoring device comprises a flow-through water tank water quality monitor, an input water tank water quality monitor and a water tank water quality sensing terminal, and the flow-through water tank water quality monitor and the input water tank water quality monitor are respectively provided with a water tank cover opening alarm. The water tank water quality monitoring equipment can realize large-scale deployment, early warning and real-time prediction of water tank water quality monitoring, the water tank cover opening alarm is used for secondary water supply tank cover opening monitoring, the water tank water quality sensing terminal is provided with the water tank cover opening alarm, and the functions of water tank water quality detection and water tank cover opening alarm can be realized simultaneously.
As a preferred technical scheme, the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment in the water source environment monitoring system further comprises a cabinet type water quality monitor or/and an integrated water quality monitor or/and an intelligent unmanned ship or/and an intelligent diving robot or/and an oxygenation linkage controller or/and a river and lake water rain condition monitor or/and a pipe network flow monitor or an integrated prefabricated pump station.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: (1) the whole life cycle of the urban water industry is visualized, sponge city monitoring and evaluation, water environment improvement, intelligent drainage and secondary water supply application effects are realized, and monitoring and early warning of a control point are realized; (2) supporting various industrial application modes, and accessing more than 50 industrial sensors; data transmission is encrypted, and information security is guaranteed; monitoring the working condition of the equipment and the electric quantity condition of the battery in real time, and performing fault self-diagnosis, early warning and hot restart of the equipment; the device is provided with access to the SDK, so that secondary developers can conveniently perform platform access and data analysis; (3) the reliable, professional and advanced Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is characterized in that a sensor is installed in a plug-in mode, and installation structural members such as a vertical rod, a holding rod, an upper wall and a solar cell panel are arranged; the waterproof grade IP67 can adapt to various outdoor environments; (4) the monitoring equipment of the internet of things adopted by the system has the advantages of high safety, small volume, low power consumption, easiness in deployment and easiness in maintenance, and can monitor the change conditions of rivers and lakes in real time to complete communication data transmission by technical implementation means such as management and control safety, system safety, service data, access safety and the like. The solar energy, the commercial power and the built-in battery are adopted for power supply, the dependence on deployment environment is low, and wireless networking modes such as 2G/4G, LoRaCLAA, NB-IoT and the like are supported; supporting a built-in GPS and realizing self-positioning of GIS platform application equipment; the OTA is supported, the firmware is upgraded remotely, and the remote configuration of the equipment operation parameters is supported; (5) low-power consumption narrowband thing networking communication technology: the Internet of things water quality monitoring equipment communicates through NB-IoT/LoRa narrowband Internet of things technology, and the narrowband Internet of things communication has the advantages of low power consumption, strong penetrability, more connection numbers and wide area coverage; the monitoring equipment integrating the transmission module of the narrow-band Internet of things can realize self-powered deployment and adapt to more complex application scenes; (6) cloud platform based on big data technology: the cloud computing infrastructure is used as a bottom layer support, regional pollution degree description can be constructed through the acquired big data by the cloud platform, river and lake conditions and discharge conditions are displayed by combining a GIS system, and the background big data engine can intelligently analyze abnormal monitoring points and provide early warning analysis of all the monitoring points.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an architecture diagram of an Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an architecture diagram of a pipe network emission monitoring system in the ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an architecture diagram of a secondary water supply monitoring system in the Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an architecture diagram of a water environment monitoring system in the Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a vertical bar type structure diagram of the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device of the ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things;
FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of a telescopic vertical rod and a telescopic cross rod of a vertical rod type structure of the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment of the Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system of the invention;
FIG. 7 is a floating platform type structure diagram of the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device of the ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things;
the solar cell panel is arranged in the solar cell panel; 2-a host; 3-sensor plug; 4-erecting a rod; 5-a base; 6-telescopic cross bar; 7-a telescopic vertical rod; 8-floating platform; 9-hollow pipe; 901-outer tube; 9011, 9021-concave hoop; 9012-bushing two; 9013, 9023, 9032-flange; 902-a first hollow tube; 9022-bushing one; 903-a second hollow tube; 9031-bushing three; 10-1-expansion telescopic assembly one; 10-2-expansion telescopic assembly II; 10-3-expansion telescopic assembly III; 11-groove set.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention.
Example (b): as shown in fig. 1-6, the ecological environment monitoring system based on the internet of things comprises a pipe network emission monitoring system, a secondary water supply monitoring system, a water environment monitoring system, a rain condition monitoring system and a management control system, wherein the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system are all in network communication connection with the management control system, and the pipe network emission monitoring system is used for monitoring sewage emission conditions of factories, lives and parks; the secondary water supply monitoring system is used for monitoring the quality of water quality of urban secondary water supply; the water source environment monitoring system is used for monitoring the water quality conditions of a water source, a pump station and a sewage treatment plant; the rain condition monitoring system is used for monitoring weather and rainfall; the management control system comprises a data platform and an application display platform, wherein the data platform is used for processing monitoring data of the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system, and transmitting the monitoring data to the display platform after model analysis; the display platform comprises a computer web end, a computer client, a tablet computer client and a mobile client app end; the pipe network emission monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system respectively comprise a plurality of Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring devices, the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring devices are arranged at a water area to be monitored, each Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device comprises a host machine 2 and a plurality of sensors, the sensors are connected with the host machine 2, and the sensors are arranged in the water area to be monitored; the method comprises the following steps that the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is arranged at a water area to be monitored, real-time monitoring on water quality and water conditions of the water area is achieved through a plurality of sensors, and therefore real-time data of the water quality and the water conditions are obtained, and the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment can be powered by using electric wires, a solar cell panel 1, a lithium battery and the like; the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment further comprises a solar cell panel 1, wherein the solar cell panel 1 is arranged above the host 2 and used for supplying power to the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; the host 2 is connected with the sensor through a sensor connector 3; the solar cell panel 1 is arranged to facilitate the use of a solar cell to supply power for the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; as shown in fig. 5, the internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device further comprises a base 5, a vertical rod 4, a telescopic cross rod 6 and a telescopic vertical rod 7, wherein the vertical rod 4 is fixed on one side of a water area to be monitored through the base 5, the host 2 is arranged at one end, far away from the base 5, of the vertical rod 4, a plurality of sensors are connected with the sensor plug connectors 3 arranged on the host 2 on the vertical rod 4 sequentially through the telescopic vertical rod 7 and the telescopic cross rod 6, so that the sensors are electrically connected with the host 2, and the sensors are adjusted in position through the telescopic vertical rod 7 and the telescopic cross rod 6; the device for monitoring the water ecological environment of the Internet of things is a vertical rod water quality monitoring device, the position of the sensor can be adjusted through the telescopic vertical rods 7 and the telescopic cross rods 6, and meanwhile, the depth of the sensor can be adjusted, so that the vertical rod water quality monitoring device is suitable for various water areas; the host 2 in the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is connected with the upright rod 4 in a cable holding mode; as shown in fig. 6, each of the telescopic cross bars and the telescopic vertical bars is provided with 3 hollow tubes, the hollow tube 9 includes an outer tube 901, a first hollow tube 902 and a second hollow tube 903, the outer tube 901 is sleeved with the first hollow tube 902, and the inner diameter of the outer tube 901 is greater than or equal to the outer diameter of the first hollow tube 902; a second hollow pipe 903 is sleeved in the first hollow pipe 902, and the inner diameter of the first hollow pipe 902 is larger than or equal to the outer diameter of the second hollow pipe 903; a concave hoop 9011 is arranged at one end, sleeved with a first hollow pipe 902, of the outer pipe 901, a first expansion and contraction assembly I1-1 is sleeved at one end, placed inside the outer pipe 901, of the first hollow pipe 902, and the concave hoop 9011 is matched with a clamping part 102 of the first expansion and contraction assembly I1-1 for use; the expansion telescopic assembly I1-1 is fixedly connected with the first hollow pipe 902 through a groove group 11; the outer diameter of the clamping part 102 of the expansion and contraction assembly I10-1 is the same as the inner diameter of the outer pipe 901; one end of the first hollow pipe 902, which is arranged outside the outer pipe, is connected with a first bushing 9022; the outer diameter of the first bushing 9022 is the same as the inner diameter of the first hollow pipe 902; the expansion and contraction combined piece I10-1 is fixedly connected with the first hollow pipe 902 through a groove group 11; one end of the first hollow pipe 902, which is sleeved with the second hollow pipe 903, is provided with a concave hoop 9011, the other end of the second hollow pipe 903 is sleeved with an expansion and expansion assembly III 10-3, and the concave hoop 9021 of the first hollow pipe 902 is matched with the clamping part 102 of the expansion and expansion assembly III 10-3 for use; the outer diameter of the engaging portion 102 of the expansion and contraction assembly III 10-3 is the same as the inner diameter of the first hollow tube 902; one end of the second hollow pipe 903, which is arranged outside the first hollow pipe 902, is connected with a bushing III 9031; the outer diameter of the bushing III 9031 is the same as the inner diameter of the second hollow pipe 903; the expansion telescopic assembly I10-3 is fixedly connected with the second hollow pipe 903 through a groove group 11; the other end of the outer pipe 901 is connected with a second expansion and contraction assembly 10-2, and the second expansion and contraction assembly 10-2 is fixedly connected with the outer pipe 901 through a groove group 11; the groove groups are formed by pressing, and the outer diameter of the clamping part of the expansion and contraction assembly I is the same as the inner diameter of the outer pipe; the number of the hollow pipes is adjusted according to the required length; the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment supports communication modes such as narrow-broadband Internet of things (LoRa, NB-IoT) and the like and GPRS and the like, is processed with deep low power consumption, is provided with a 4-surface high-efficiency photovoltaic panel and a large-capacity lithium battery, and can work for one month in rainy days; the host machine 2 is also provided with a solar power supply port, a USB power supply port and an antenna interface, the host machine 2 is also internally provided with a control module, a network transmission module, a data storage module and a positioning module, the network transmission module, the data storage module and the positioning module are all connected with the control module, and the solar power supply port, the USB power supply port and the antenna interface are all connected with the control module; the system supports communication modes such as narrow-broadband Internet of things (LoRa, NB-IoT) and the like and GPRS and the like, supports Beidou and GPS positioning, and tracks with a GIS platform in real time; sensors in the water ecological environment monitoring equipment of the Internet of things in the pipe network emission monitoring system and the water source environment monitoring system are divided into a water condition sensor and a water quality sensor, and the water condition sensor comprises an ultrasonic liquid level sensor and a Doppler flow sensor; the water quality sensor comprises a water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, a water quality turbidity sensor, a water quality conductivity measurement and a water quality pH sensor, and the ultrasonic liquid level sensor, the Doppler flow sensor, the water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, the water quality turbidity sensor, the water quality conductivity measurement and the water quality pH sensor are uniformly distributed in the sewage at the sewage discharge port; the sensors in the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment in the rain condition monitoring system comprise a rain condition monitoring sensor, a radar liquid level sensor, a water quality sensor and a Doppler flow sensor; the secondary water supply monitoring system comprises a water tank water quality monitoring device, a communication module and a management control module, wherein the water tank water quality monitoring device and the communication module are connected with the management control module, the water tank water quality monitoring device comprises a flow-through water tank water quality monitor, an input water tank water quality monitor and a water tank water quality sensing terminal, and the flow-through water tank water quality monitor and the input water tank water quality monitor are both provided with a water tank cover opening alarm. The water tank water quality monitoring equipment can realize large-scale deployment, early warning and real-time prediction of water tank water quality monitoring, the water tank cover opening alarm is used for secondary water supply tank cover opening monitoring, the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment in the water source environment monitoring system further comprises a cabinet type water quality monitor or/and an integrated water quality monitor or/and an intelligent unmanned ship or/and an intelligent submersible robot or/and an oxygenation linkage controller or/and a river and lake water rain condition monitor or/and a pipe network flow monitor or an integrated prefabricated pump station.
Wherein the pipe network discharges the sewage department that monitoring facilities was laid at mill's discharge pipe mouth, life discharge pipe mouth and garden pipeline discharge port to the thing networking water ecological environment monitoring facilities, monitor the data of each discharge port through thing networking water ecological environment monitoring facilities, and arrange in order the packing with the data and the content of sensor monitoring, upload to high in the clouds data platform in real time through thing networking communication network (loRa NB), transmit to the show platform after the analysis of mathematical model and provide the business personnel and refer to, can pollute management and control and predict, prevent the expansion of pollution.
The secondary water supply monitoring system adopts the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment, deeply develops and widely utilizes information resources, is based on the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment, takes the Internet of things technology as a carrier, combines big data and cloud computing technical support, acquires water quality information through a secondary water supply water quality monitoring sensor, uploads the acquired information to a cloud data platform through communication such as GPRS/LoRa/NB-IoT, and the like, carries out value mining and analysis prediction on the water quality data resources through combination of big data and a water environment service model, and timely pre-warns and controls to realize long-term monitoring management of the secondary water supply water quality.
The water source environment monitoring system adopts an internet of things water quality monitoring terminal, information resources are deeply developed and widely utilized, an equipment terminal is used as a base, an internet of things technology is used as a carrier, big data and cloud computing technology support are combined, water quality information is obtained through river and lake water quality monitoring equipment, the collected information is uploaded to the cloud end through communication such as GPRS/LoRa/NB-IoT, value mining and analysis prediction are carried out on the environment data resources through combination of the big data and a water environment service model, a river and lake growth information management solution is built, an omnibearing water quality monitoring scheme is provided, dynamic environment quality management and pollution tracing are achieved, river growth information management data support is provided, and long-term management of the water quality of the river and lake is achieved.
The rain condition monitoring system adopts the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment, deeply develops and widely utilizes information resources, is based on the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment, takes the Internet of things technology as a carrier, combines big data and cloud computing technical support, acquires rain condition information through a rain condition monitoring sensor, uploads the acquired information to a cloud data platform through communication such as GPRS/LoRa/NB-IoT, and the like, and carries out value mining, analysis and prediction on rain condition data through combination of big data and a water environment service model, and early warning is carried out in time.
Example 2: the difference from embodiment 1 is that, as shown in fig. 7, the internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device includes a floating platform 8, the host 2 is disposed on the floating platform 8, and the solar cell panel 1 is disposed above the host 2; the bottom of the host machine 2 is provided with a plurality of sensor plug connectors 3, and the sensor is connected with the host machine 2 through the sensor plug connectors 3; specifically, the monitoring equipment for the water ecological environment of the Internet of things is arranged at a water area to be monitored, and comprises a host 2 and a plurality of sensors, wherein the sensors are connected with the host 2 and arranged in the water area to be monitored; the method comprises the following steps that the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment is arranged at a water area to be monitored, real-time monitoring on water quality and water conditions of the water area is achieved through a plurality of sensors, and therefore real-time data of the water quality and the water conditions are obtained, and the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment can be powered by using electric wires, a solar cell panel 1, a lithium battery and the like; the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment further comprises a solar cell panel 1, wherein the solar cell panel 1 is arranged above the host 2 and used for supplying power to the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; the host 2 is connected with the sensor through a sensor connector 3; the solar cell panel 1 is arranged to facilitate the use of a solar cell to supply power for the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; the monitoring equipment for the water ecological environment of the Internet of things comprises a floating platform 8, the host 2 is arranged on the floating platform 8, and the solar cell panel 1 is arranged above the host 2; the bottom of the host machine 2 is provided with a plurality of sensor plug connectors 3, and the sensor is connected with the host machine 2 through the sensor plug connectors 3; still be equipped with solar energy power supply mouth, USB power supply mouth and antenna interface on the host computer 2, still be equipped with control module, network transmission module, data storage module and orientation module in the host computer 2, network transmission module, data storage module and orientation module all with control module is connected, solar energy power supply mouth, USB power supply mouth and antenna interface all with control module is connected.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the invention, as any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things is characterized by comprising a pipe network emission monitoring system, a secondary water supply monitoring system, a water environment monitoring system, a rain condition monitoring system and a management control system, wherein the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system are all in network communication connection with the management control system, and the pipe network emission monitoring system is used for monitoring sewage emission conditions of factories, lives and parks; the secondary water supply monitoring system is used for monitoring the quality of water quality of urban secondary water supply; the water source environment monitoring system is used for monitoring the water quality conditions of a water source, a pump station and a sewage treatment plant; the rain condition monitoring system is used for monitoring weather and rainfall; the management control system comprises a data platform and an application display platform, wherein the data platform is used for processing monitoring data of the pipe network emission monitoring system, the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system, and transmitting the monitoring data to the display platform after model analysis; the display platform comprises a computer web end, a computer client, a tablet computer client and a mobile client app end.
2. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the internet of things of claim 1, wherein a plurality of internet of things water ecological environment monitoring devices are arranged in the water area to be monitored, each of the pipe network emission monitoring system, the water source environment monitoring system and the rain condition monitoring system comprises a host and a plurality of sensors, and the sensors are connected with the host and arranged in the water area to be monitored.
3. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things of claim 2, wherein the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment further comprises a solar cell panel, and the solar cell panel is arranged above the host machine and used for supplying power to the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment; the host is connected with the sensor through a sensor connector.
4. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things of claim 3, characterized in that the ecological environment monitoring device based on the Internet of things further comprises a base, a vertical rod, a telescopic cross rod and a telescopic vertical rod, wherein the vertical rod is fixed on one side of a water area to be monitored through the base, the host is arranged at one end, far away from the base, of the vertical rod, a plurality of the sensors sequentially pass through the telescopic vertical rod and the telescopic cross rod and are connected with sensor plug connectors arranged on the host on the vertical rod, so that the sensors are electrically connected with the host, and the sensors are adjusted in position through the telescopic vertical rod and the telescopic cross rod.
5. The Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system according to claim 3, wherein the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring device comprises a floating platform, the host is arranged on the floating platform, and the solar cell panel is arranged above the host; the bottom of host computer is equipped with a plurality of sensor plug connector, the sensor passes through the sensor plug connector with the host computer is connected.
6. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things of claim 4 or 5, wherein a solar power supply port, a USB power supply port and an antenna interface are further arranged on the host, a control module, a network transmission module, a data storage module and a positioning module are further arranged in the host, the network transmission module, the data storage module and the positioning module are all connected with the control module, and the solar power supply port, the USB power supply port and the antenna interface are all connected with the control module.
7. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the internet of things of claim 6, wherein sensors in the water ecological environment monitoring equipment of the internet of things in the pipe network emission monitoring system and the water source environment monitoring system are divided into a water condition sensor and a water quality sensor, and the water condition sensor comprises an ultrasonic liquid level sensor and a Doppler flow sensor; the water quality sensor comprises a water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, a water quality turbidity sensor, a water quality conductivity measurement and a water quality pH sensor, wherein the ultrasonic liquid level sensor, the Doppler flow sensor, the water quality dissolved oxygen sensor, the water quality turbidity sensor, the water quality conductivity measurement and the water quality pH sensor are uniformly distributed in the sewage at the sewage discharge port.
8. The Internet of things-based ecological environment monitoring system according to claim 6, wherein the sensors in the Internet of things water ecological environment monitoring equipment in the rain condition monitoring system comprise a rain condition monitoring sensor, a radar liquid level sensor, a water quality sensor and a Doppler flow sensor.
9. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things of claim 6, wherein a water tank water quality monitoring device, a communication module and a management control module are arranged in the secondary water supply monitoring system, the water tank water quality monitoring device and the communication module are connected with the management control module, the water tank water quality monitoring device comprises a flow-through water tank water quality monitor, an input water tank water quality monitor and a water tank water quality sensing terminal, and the flow-through water tank water quality monitor and the input water tank water quality monitor are both provided with a water tank cover opening alarm.
10. The ecological environment monitoring system based on the Internet of things of claim 2, wherein the ecological environment monitoring equipment of the Internet of things water in the water source environment monitoring system further comprises a cabinet type water quality monitor or/and an integrated water quality monitor or/and an intelligent unmanned ship or/and an intelligent submersible robot or/and an oxygenation linkage controller or/and a river and lake water rain condition monitor or/and a pipe network flow monitor or an integrated prefabricated pump station.
CN202011094210.3A 2020-10-14 2020-10-14 Ecological environment monitoring system based on Internet of things Pending CN112040010A (en)

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