CN203690983U - Highly effective solar traffic light - Google Patents

Highly effective solar traffic light Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203690983U
CN203690983U CN201320829646.1U CN201320829646U CN203690983U CN 203690983 U CN203690983 U CN 203690983U CN 201320829646 U CN201320829646 U CN 201320829646U CN 203690983 U CN203690983 U CN 203690983U
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China
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connects
circuit
output
diode
storage battery
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CN201320829646.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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沈正华
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Chongqing Hiten Energy Co ltd
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CHONGQING HITEN PHOTOELECTRIC Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection

Abstract

The utility model discloses a highly effective solar traffic light, and belongs to the field of solar energy application. The highly effective solar traffic light comprises a solar cell panel, a storage battery, a turn-off circuit, a charge switching circuit, a first voltage detection module, a boost control circuit, a voltage regulator circuit, a second voltage detection module, a power detection circuit and an LED lamp set. When the output voltage of the solar cell panel is greater than the output voltage of the storage battery, the solar cell panel directly supplies power to the storage battery. When the output voltage of the solar cell panel is lower than the output voltage of the storage battery, the charge switching circuit boosts the output power of the solar cell panel through the boost control circuit and charges the storage battery to achieve the purpose of shortening charging time, and improving the efficiency of charging from the solar cell panel to the storage battery. After the storage battery is charged completely, the power detection circuit outputs control signals to the turn-off circuit to disconnect the connection between the solar cell panel and the charging circuit. The highly effective solar traffic light prolongs the service lifetime of a charger, and lowers the failure rate of the charger. The use time of the traffic light can be ensured, and the brightness of an LED lamp can be changed according to different illumination.

Description

High-efficiency solar traffic lights
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Application of Solar Energy field, particularly relates to a kind of high-efficiency solar traffic lights.
Background technology
Solar power generation is to utilize the photovoltaic effect of interface luminous energy directly to be changed into a kind of technology of electric energy.Photovoltaic effect is called for short " photovoltaic effect ", refers to produce between different parts that illumination is combined inhomogeneos semiconductor or semiconductor and metal the phenomenon of potential difference.First it is the process that is converted into electronics, light energy and is converted into electric flux by photon (light wave); Secondly be, to form voltage course.There is voltage, just as having built dam high, if be communicated with, will form the loop of electric current between the two.The advantage of photovoltaic generation is the less regional limits that is subject to because the sun is shining all over the earth, photovoltaic system also has advantages of noiseless, low pollution, without consume fuel and erect power transmission lines can generate electricity on the spot power supply and build the same period short.
Utilizing solar power system to carry out accumulation of energy charging to storage battery is common technology, traditional solar energy is after luminous energy arrives the conversion of electric energy, charge to storage battery through controller for solar, or electric energy is through controller for solar and the backward AC load power supply of inverter, or solar panel is directly powered to DC load, after accumulator electric-quantity abundance, need only on the market at present user at the solar energy using to charge in batteries and do not cut off charger input power, charger will charge to battery always, can shorten like this life-span of charger, increase the failure rate of charger, easily cause other dangerous accidents, while stopping solar energy to charge in batteries, should first disconnect being connected between charge controller and solar panel, being connected between rear disconnection charge controller and storage battery, otherwise easily cause battery charger failure.In prior art, also there is the shortcoming of waste electric energy.
Simultaneously, once the voltage of solar panel is lower than battery tension, charging process will stop, until the power up of solar panel, in daily life, because illumination does not stop to change, therefore be also extremely unstable to the charging of storage battery, if too frequent to the charging of storage battery, easily reduce the life of storage battery, and greatly reduce charge efficiency.Due to above shortcoming, cause the storage battery of solar recharging can not be widely used in every field, limit scientific and technical progress.
Utility model content
Because the above-mentioned defect of prior art, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of high-efficiency solar traffic lights that can ensure that electric energy is supplied with.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of high-efficiency solar traffic lights, comprises solar panel and storage battery; Described solar panel connects the first input end of charging switching circuit by breaking circuit, between described breaking circuit and described charging switching circuit, be parallel with the first voltage detection module, described the first voltage detection module is for detection of the output voltage of solar panel, and the output of described the first voltage detection module connects the second input of described charging switching circuit; The first power output end of described charging switching circuit connects the input of boost control circuit, the second source output of described charging switching circuit connects the charging input end of described storage battery, the 3rd power output end of described charging switching circuit connects the input of voltage stabilizing circuit, described voltage stabilizing circuit connects respectively the power input of described breaking circuit and the first power input of boost control circuit, and the signal output part of described charging switching circuit connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit; The output of described boost control circuit connects the charging input end of storage battery, described storage battery is parallel with second voltage detection module, described second voltage detection module is for detection of storage battery both end voltage, and the output of described second voltage detection module connects the 3rd input of described charging switching circuit; Described storage battery is connected with electric quantity detecting circuit, and described electric quantity detecting circuit is for detection of the electric weight of described storage battery, and the control signal output of described electric quantity detecting circuit connects the control signal input of described breaking circuit.
Described storage battery is in series with LED lamp group, described LED lamp group is made up of three LED lamps in parallel, three LED lamps of this parallel connection are provided with the 4th electromagnetic relay of controlling its break-make separately, described the 4th electromagnetic relay connects the second processor, and described the second processor output control signal is given described the 4th its break-make of Control; Described the second processor is connected with clock module, and the output of clock module connects the first input end of described the second processor; Described second voltage detection module also connects described the second processor, described second voltage detection module sends a signal to described the second processor, the output of described the second processor connects the input of speech chip, and the output of described speech chip connects the signal input part of loudspeaker by filter circuit; Described the second processor also connects respectively three LED lamps by corresponding LED drive circuit, and described the second processor transmits control signal to described LED drive circuit.
The power output end of described solar panel connects described charging switching circuit by the tail end of switch of the first electromagnetic relay of described breaking circuit; Described breaking circuit also comprises the first isolating diode; The negative pole of described the first isolating diode connects the negative pole of voltage stabilizing didoe; The positive pole of described voltage stabilizing didoe connects the emitter of a NPN type triode by the first electric capacity; The grounded emitter of a described NPN type triode; The collector electrode of a described NPN type triode connects the negative pole of the second isolating diode by the solenoid of described the first electromagnetic relay; The positive pole of described the second isolating diode is connected with the first resistance; Between a described collector electrode for NPN type triode and the solenoid of described the first electromagnetic relay, be parallel with the diode of releasing; The positive pole of the described diode of releasing connects the collector electrode of a described NPN type triode; The negative pole of the described diode of releasing is by the second capacity earth; The base stage of a described NPN type triode connects the collector electrode of positive-negative-positive triode by the second resistance; The emitter of described positive-negative-positive triode connects the negative pole of described the first isolating diode; The base stage of a described NPN type triode connects the negative pole of the 3rd isolating diode; The positive pole of described the 3rd isolating diode connects the emitter of the 2nd NPN type triode; The collector electrode of described the 2nd NPN type triode connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode by the 3rd resistance; The base stage of described positive-negative-positive triode connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode by the 4th resistance; The positive pole of described the first isolating diode connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit; Described the second isolating diode connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit by the first resistance; The base stage of described the 2nd NPN type triode connects the output of described electric quantity detecting circuit.
Described charging switching circuit comprises comparator, the first input end of described comparator connects the output of described the first voltage detection module, the second input of described comparator connects the output of described second voltage detection module, the output of described comparator connects the input of reverser, the output of described reverser connects the grid of the first field-effect transistor, the source electrode of described the first field-effect transistor connects the positive pole of described solar panel by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay, the drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor connects the second source input end of described boost control circuit by the first counnter attack diode, the output of described comparator also connects the grid of the second field-effect transistor, the source electrode of described the second field-effect transistor connects the positive pole of described solar panel by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay, the drain electrode of described the second field-effect transistor connects the power input of described storage battery by the second counnter attack diode, the output of described comparator also connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit, in the time that the output voltage of solar panel is greater than the voltage at storage battery two ends, comparator outputs level signals control the second field-effect transistor conducting, solar panel is directly to charge in batteries, when the output voltage of solar panel is during lower than the voltage at storage battery two ends, the level signal of comparator output outputs to the first field-effect transistor after reverser is reverse, make its conducting, after the electric energy of solar panel output boosts again to charge in batteries.
Described boost control circuit comprises first processor, the first inductance and the 3rd electric capacity, and the signal input part of described first processor connects the output of described comparator, and described voltage stabilizing circuit is also to described first processor power supply; The drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor connects one end of described the first inductance by the first counnter attack diode, the other end of described the first inductance is connected the positive pole of described storage battery successively with the first diode by the second inductance; Described the second inductance and the first diodes in parallel have the 3rd inductance and the second diode; One end of described the 3rd inductance is connected on the circuit between described the first inductance and the second inductance, the other end of described the 3rd inductance is connected on the circuit between described the first diode and storage battery by the second diode, circuit between described the second inductance and described the first diode is connected the negative pole of solar panel by the second electromagnetic relay, the first output of described first processor connects the control signal input of described the second electromagnetic relay; Circuit between described the 3rd inductance and the second diode connects the negative pole of solar panel by the 3rd electromagnetic relay, the second output of described first processor connects the control signal input of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay; Described the 3rd electric capacity one end is connected on the circuit between described the first diode and battery positive voltage, and the other end of described the 3rd electric capacity connects the negative pole of solar panel and connects the circuit between described the 3rd inductance and the second diode by the tail end of switch of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay; Described the 3rd electric capacity two ends are parallel with resistance; The negative pole of described storage battery connects the negative pole of described solar panel.
Adopt above technical scheme, charging switching circuit gathers the voltage signal of the first voltage detection module and the output of second voltage detection module, and according to comparing two voltage signals that receive, outputs level signals is controlled the conducting of power circuit, make in the time that the output voltage of solar panel is greater than battery tension, solar panel is directly to storage battery power supply, in the time that the output voltage of solar panel is less than battery tension, charging switching circuit by the out-put supply of solar panel after boost control circuit boosts again to charge in batteries, realize the shortening charging interval with this, improve the efficiency of solar panel to charge in batteries., be full of after electricity at storage battery, electric quantity detecting circuit output control signal disconnects the connection between solar panel and charging switching circuit to breaking circuit meanwhile, increase the life-span of charger, reduce the failure rate of charger, simultaneously saves energy, environmental protection and economy.Due to the stability and high efficiency that power supply is supplied with, make the utility model continuous firing for a long time.
In order further to improve charge efficiency, described solar panel is arranged on phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate, the shady face of described solar panel and the laminating of described phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate.Adopt above technical scheme, in the time that illumination temperature is higher, phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate can absorb luminous energy and store, under illumination temperature, be reduced to solar panel opto-electronic conversion temperature once work as, can discharge the energy storing and ensure that solar panel normally carries out opto-electronic conversion, greatly improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar panel, thereby promoted the efficiency of solar panel to charge in batteries.
Further, in order to show the voltage condition of storage battery and solar panel, and to this solar charging electric control system sending controling instruction, the utility model also comprises touch-screen, and described the second processor is connected with described touch-screen is two-way.
Further, the utility model also comprises speech chip; The input of the described speech chip of connection of described the second processor, the output of described speech chip connects the signal input part of loudspeaker by filter circuit.Adopt above technical scheme, the utility model can send voice message according to the difference that detects magnitude of voltage.
Preferably, three LED lamps are respectively red LED lamp, yellow LED lamp and green LED lamp.
Further, the utility model also comprises light sensor, and the output of described light sensor connects the second input of described the second processor.Adopt above technical scheme, the utility model can receive the illumination signal that light sensor spreads out of by the second processor, sends the brightness that drives signal to change LED lamp to LED drive circuit according to different light conditions the second processor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model has shortened the charging interval, improve the efficiency of solar panel to charge in batteries, simultaneously, increase the life-span of charger, reduce the failure rate of charger, ensure the service time of traffic lights simultaneously, can change according to different light conditions the brightness of LED lamp.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is circuit theory schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the physical circuit connection diagram of the utility model charge in batteries.
Embodiment
Describe embodiment of the present utility model below in detail, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has the element of identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment being described with reference to the drawings, only for explaining the utility model, and can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, term " longitudinally ", " laterally ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", orientation or the position relationship of instructions such as " outward " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of device or the element of instruction or hint indication must have specific orientation, with specific orientation structure and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, unless otherwise prescribed and limit, it should be noted that, term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, can be mechanical connection or electrical connection, also can be the connection of two element internals, can be to be directly connected, and also can indirectly be connected by intermediary, for the ordinary skill in the art, can understand as the case may be the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term.Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of high-efficiency solar traffic lights, comprise solar panel 1 and storage battery 2; Described solar panel 1 connects the first input end of charging switching circuit 4 by breaking circuit 3, between described breaking circuit 3 and described charging switching circuit 4, be parallel with the first voltage detection module 5, the output of described the first voltage detection module 5 connects the second input of described charging switching circuit 4; The first power output end of described charging switching circuit 4 connects the input of boost control circuit 6, the second source output of described charging switching circuit 4 connects the charging input end of described storage battery 2, the 3rd power output end of described charging switching circuit 4 connects the input of voltage stabilizing circuit 7, described voltage stabilizing circuit 7 connects respectively the power input of described breaking circuit 3 and the first power input of boost control circuit 6, and the signal output part of described charging switching circuit 4 connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit 6; The output of described boost control circuit 6 connects the charging input end of storage battery 2, and described storage battery 2 is parallel with second voltage detection module 8, and the output of described second voltage detection module 8 connects the 3rd input of described charging switching circuit 4; Described storage battery 2 is connected with electric quantity detecting circuit 9, and described electric quantity detecting circuit 9 is for detection of the electric weight of described storage battery 2, and the control signal output of described electric quantity detecting circuit 9 connects the control signal input of described breaking circuit 3.
Described storage battery 2 is in series with LED lamp group 32, described LED lamp group 32 is made up of three LED lamps 33 in parallel, three LED lamps of this parallel connection are provided with the 4th electromagnetic relay 34 of controlling its break-make separately, described the 4th electromagnetic relay 34 connects the second processor 35, and described the second processor 35 is exported control signal and controlled its break-make to described the 4th relay 34; Described the second processor 35 is connected with clock module 37, and the output of clock module 37 connects the first input end of described the second processor 35; Described second voltage detection module also connects described the second processor, described second voltage detection module sends a signal to described the second processor, the output of described the second processor 35 connects the input of speech chip 29, and the output of described speech chip 29 connects the signal input part of loudspeaker 36 by filter circuit 31; Described the second processor 35 also connects respectively three LED lamps 33 by corresponding LED drive circuit 38, and described the second processor 35 transmits control signal to described LED drive circuit 38.
The power output end of described solar panel 1 connects described charging switching circuit 4 by the tail end of switch of the first electromagnetic relay 10 of described breaking circuit 3; Described breaking circuit 3 also comprises the first isolating diode D1; The negative pole of described the first isolating diode D1 connects the negative pole of voltage stabilizing didoe D2; The positive pole of described voltage stabilizing didoe D2 connects the emitter of a NPN type triode Q1 by the first capacitor C 1; The grounded emitter of a described NPN type triode Q1; The collector electrode of a described NPN type triode Q1 connects the negative pole of the second isolating diode D3 by the solenoid of described the first electromagnetic relay 10; The positive pole of described the second isolating diode D3 is connected with the first resistance R 1; Between the collector electrode of a described NPN type triode Q1 and the solenoid of described the first electromagnetic relay 10, be parallel with the diode D4 that releases; Described positive pole of releasing diode D4 connects the collector electrode of a described NPN type triode Q1; The negative pole of the described diode D4 that releases is by the second capacitor C 2 ground connection; The base stage of a described NPN type triode Q1 connects the collector electrode of positive-negative-positive triode Q2 by the second resistance R 2; The emitter of described positive-negative-positive triode Q2 connects the negative pole of described the first isolating diode D1; The base stage of a described NPN type triode Q1 connects the negative pole of the 3rd isolating diode D5; The positive pole of described the 3rd isolating diode D5 connects the emitter of the 2nd NPN type triode Q3; The collector electrode of described the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode D1 by the 3rd resistance R 3; The base stage of described positive-negative-positive triode Q2 connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode D1 by the 4th resistance R 4; The positive pole of described the first isolating diode D1 connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit 7; Described the second isolating diode D3 connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit 7 by the first resistance R 1; The base stage of described the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 connects the output of described electric quantity detecting circuit 9.
Due in the time just starting shooting, each utmost point of triode all can produce small electric current, if now the triode of breaking circuit is in magnifying state, the breaking circuit action of will shutting down so, cause charger normally to work, in the utility model, voltage stabilizing circuit output stabilized voltage power supply is to breaking circuit, the collector electrode of the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 obtains a non-vanishing voltage at once, but now the base voltage of the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 is zero, Q3 is NPN type triode, its base voltage is zero, the base current of the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 is zero, therefore the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 is in cut-off state, can not provide electric current to a NPN type triode Q1 base stage, simultaneously, the stabilized voltage power supply of voltage stabilizing circuit output is added to the base stage of positive-negative-positive triode Q2 by the 4th resistance R 4, but the stabilized voltage power supply of now voltage stabilizing circuit output is punctured voltage stabilizing didoe D2 to the first capacitor C 1 and charges by the first isolating diode D1, now the voltage of positive-negative-positive triode Q2 emitter is lower than the voltage of voltage stabilizing circuit out-put supply, because Q2 is positive-negative-positive triode, the voltage of its emitter is lower than base voltage, therefore positive-negative-positive triode Q2 is in cut-off state, each electrode current is zero, also can not provide electric current to the base stage of a NPN type triode Q1, therefore positive-negative-positive triode Q2 and the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 in when start all in cut-off state, the one NPN type triode Q1 is also in cut-off state, therefore in the time not receiving the off signal of electric quantity detecting circuit, in breaking circuit, do not have electric current to flow through the solenoid of electromagnetic relay, thereby while guaranteeing to start shooting, breaking circuit there will not be mistake shutdown action.When breaking circuit receives after the voltage signal that electric quantity detecting circuit sends shutdown, the base stage of the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 receives after the signal that described electric quantity detecting circuit sends, the multiple tube saturation conduction of the one NPN type triode Q1 and the 2nd NPN type triode Q3 composition, the stabilized voltage power supply electric current of voltage stabilizing circuit output is by the first resistance R 1, the second isolating diode D3, the solenoid of electromagnetic relay flows to the collector electrode of a NPN type triode Q1, the magnetic field suction armature that electric current produces while flowing through the solenoid of the first electromagnetic relay disconnects self-lock switch, thereby realize the input voltage that cuts off charger.
Described charging switching circuit 4 comprises comparator 11, the first input end of described comparator 11 connects the output of described the first voltage detection module 5, the second input of described comparator 11 connects the output of described second voltage detection module 8, the output of described comparator 11 connects the input of reverser 12, the output of described reverser 12 connects the grid of the first field-effect transistor 13, the source electrode of described the first field-effect transistor 13 connects the positive pole of described solar panel 1 by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay 10, the drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor 13 connects the second input end of described boost control circuit 6 by the first counnter attack diode 14, the output of described comparator 11 also connects the grid of the second field-effect transistor 15, the source electrode of described the second field-effect transistor 15 connects the positive pole of described solar panel 1 by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay 10, the drain electrode of described the second field-effect transistor 15 connects the power input of described storage battery 2 by the second counnter attack diode 16, the output of described comparator 11 also connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit 6.
Described boost control circuit 6 comprises first processor 23, the first inductance 17 and the 3rd electric capacity 25, and the signal input part of described first processor 23 connects the output of described comparator 11, and described voltage stabilizing circuit 7 is also powered to described first processor 23; The drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor 13 connects one end of described the first inductance 17 by the first counnter attack diode 14, the other end of described the first inductance 17 is connected the positive pole of described storage battery 2 successively with the first diode 19 by the second inductance 18; Described the second inductance 18 and the first diode 19 are parallel with the 3rd inductance 20 and the second diode 21; One end of described the 3rd inductance 20 is connected on the circuit between described the first inductance 17 and the second inductance 18, the other end of described the 3rd inductance 20 is connected on the circuit between described the first diode 19 and storage battery 2 by the second diode 21, circuit between described the second inductance 18 and described the first diode 19 is connected the negative pole of solar panel 1 by the second electromagnetic relay 22, the first output of described first processor 23 connects the control signal input of described the second electromagnetic relay 22; Circuit between described the 3rd inductance 20 and the second diode 21 connects the negative pole of solar panel 1 by the 3rd electromagnetic relay 24, the second output of described first processor 23 connects the control signal input of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay 24; Described the 3rd electric capacity 25 one end are connected on the circuit between described the first diode 19 and storage battery 2 positive poles, and the other end of described the 3rd electric capacity 25 connects the negative pole of solar panel 1 and connects the circuit between described the 3rd inductance 20 and the second diode 21 by the tail end of switch of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay 24; Described the 3rd electric capacity 25 two ends are parallel with resistance 26; The negative pole of described storage battery 2 connects the negative pole of described solar panel 1.Described solar panel 1 is arranged on phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate 27, and the shady face of described solar panel 1 and described phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate 27 are fitted.The present embodiment also comprises touch-screen 28, speech chip 29 and light sensor 30, described first processor 23 and described two-way connection of touch-screen 28, the 3rd output of described the second processor 35 connects the input of described speech chip 29, and the output of described speech chip 29 connects the signal input part of loudspeaker 36 by filter circuit 31.The output of described light sensor 30 connects the second input of described the second processor 35.Three LED lamps 33 are respectively red LED lamp, yellow LED lamp and green LED lamp.
More than describe preferred embodiment of the present utility model in detail.Should be appreciated that those of ordinary skill in the art just can make many modifications and variations according to design of the present utility model without creative work.Therefore, all technical staff in the art comply with design of the present utility model on the basis of existing technology by the available technical scheme of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment, all should be in by the determined protection range of claims.

Claims (5)

1. high-efficiency solar traffic lights, comprise solar panel (1) and storage battery (2), it is characterized in that: described solar panel (1) connects the first input end of charging switching circuit (4) by breaking circuit (3), between described breaking circuit (3) and described charging switching circuit (4), be parallel with the first voltage detection module (5), the signal output part of described the first voltage detection module (5) connects the second input of described charging switching circuit (4), the first power output end of described charging switching circuit (4) connects the input of boost control circuit (6), the second source output of described charging switching circuit (4) connects the charging input end of described storage battery (2), the 3rd power output end of described charging switching circuit (4) connects the input of voltage stabilizing circuit (7), described voltage stabilizing circuit (7) connects respectively the power input of described breaking circuit (3) and the first power input of boost control circuit (6), the signal output part of described charging switching circuit (4) connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit (6), the output of described boost control circuit (6) connects the charging input end of storage battery (2), described storage battery (2) is parallel with second voltage detection module (8), and the signal output part of described second voltage detection module (8) connects the 3rd input of described charging switching circuit (4), described storage battery (2) is connected with electric quantity detecting circuit (9), described electric quantity detecting circuit (9) is for detection of the electric weight of described storage battery (2), and the control signal output of described electric quantity detecting circuit (9) connects the control signal input of described breaking circuit (3), described storage battery (2) is in series with LED lamp group (32), described LED lamp group (32) is made up of three LED lamps (33) in parallel, three LED lamps of this parallel connection are provided with the 4th electromagnetic relay (34) of controlling its break-make separately, described the 4th electromagnetic relay (34) connects the second processor (35), and described the second processor (35) output control signal controls its break-make to described the 4th electromagnetic relay (34), described the second processor (35) is connected with clock module (37), and the output of clock module (37) connects the first input end of described the second processor (35), described second voltage detection module also connects described the second processor, described second voltage detection module sends a signal to described the second processor, the output of described the second processor (35) connects the input of speech chip (29), and the output of described speech chip (29) connects the signal input part of loudspeaker (36) by filter circuit (31), described the second processor (35) also connects respectively three LED lamps (33) by corresponding LED drive circuit (38), and described the second processor (35) transmits control signal to described LED drive circuit (38),
The power output end of described solar panel (1) connects described charging switching circuit (4) by the tail end of switch of first electromagnetic relay (10) of described breaking circuit (3); Described breaking circuit (3) also comprises the first isolating diode (D1); The negative pole of described the first isolating diode (D1) connects the negative pole of voltage stabilizing didoe (D2); The positive pole of described voltage stabilizing didoe (D2) connects the emitter of a NPN type triode (Q1) by the first electric capacity (C1); The grounded emitter of a described NPN type triode (Q1); The collector electrode of a described NPN type triode (Q1) connects the negative pole of the second isolating diode (D3) by the solenoid of described the first electromagnetic relay (10); The positive pole of described the second isolating diode (D3) is connected with the first resistance (R1); Between the solenoid of the collector electrode of a described NPN type triode (Q1) and described the first electromagnetic relay (10), be parallel with the diode of releasing (D4); The positive pole of the described diode of releasing (D4) connects the collector electrode of a described NPN type triode (Q1); The negative pole of the described diode of releasing (D4) is by the second electric capacity (C2) ground connection; The base stage of a described NPN type triode (Q1) connects the collector electrode of positive-negative-positive triode (Q2) by the second resistance (R2); The emitter of described positive-negative-positive triode (Q2) connects the negative pole of described the first isolating diode (D1); The base stage of a described NPN type triode (Q1) connects the negative pole of the 3rd isolating diode (D5); The positive pole of described the 3rd isolating diode (D5) connects the emitter of the 2nd NPN type triode (Q3); The collector electrode of described the 2nd NPN type triode (Q3) connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode (D1) by the 3rd resistance (R3); The base stage of described positive-negative-positive triode (Q2) connects the positive pole of described the first isolating diode (D1) by the 4th resistance (R4); The positive pole of described the first isolating diode (D1) connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit (7); Described the second isolating diode (D3) connects the second output of described voltage stabilizing circuit (7) by the first resistance (R1); The base stage of described the 2nd NPN type triode (Q3) connects the output of described electric quantity detecting circuit (9);
Described charging switching circuit (4) comprises comparator (11), the first input end of described comparator (11) connects the signal output part of described the first voltage detection module (5), the second input of described comparator (11) connects the signal output part of described second voltage detection module (8), the output of described comparator (11) connects the input of reverser (12), the output of described reverser (12) connects the grid of the first field-effect transistor (13), the source electrode of described the first field-effect transistor (13) connects the positive pole of described solar panel (1) by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay (10), the drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor (13) connects the second source input end of described boost control circuit (6) by the first counnter attack diode (14), the output of described comparator (11) also connects the grid of the second field-effect transistor (15), the source electrode of described the second field-effect transistor (15) connects the positive pole of described solar panel (1) by the tail end of switch of described the first electromagnetic relay (10), the drain electrode of described the second field-effect transistor (15) connects the power input of described storage battery (2) by the second counnter attack diode (16), the output of described comparator (11) also connects the signal input part of described boost control circuit (6),
Described boost control circuit (6) comprises first processor (23), the first inductance (17) and the 3rd electric capacity, the signal input part of described first processor (23) connects the output of described comparator (11), and described voltage stabilizing circuit (7) is also powered to described first processor (23), the drain electrode of described the first field-effect transistor (13) connects one end of described the first inductance (17) by the first counnter attack diode (14), the other end of described the first inductance (17) is connected the positive pole of described storage battery (2) successively with the first diode (19) by the second inductance (18), described the second inductance (18) and the first diode (19) are parallel with the 3rd inductance (20) and the second diode (21), one end of described the 3rd inductance (20) is connected on the circuit between described the first inductance (17) and the second inductance (18), the other end of described the 3rd inductance (20) is connected on the circuit between described the first diode (19) and storage battery (2) by the second diode (21), circuit between described the second inductance (18) and described the first diode (19) is connected the negative pole of solar panel (1) by the second electromagnetic relay (22), the first output of described first processor (23) connects the control signal input of described the second electromagnetic relay (22), circuit between described the 3rd inductance (20) and the second diode (21) connects the negative pole of solar panel (1) by the tail end of switch of the 3rd electromagnetic relay (24), the second output of described first processor (23) connects the control signal input of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay (24), described the 3rd electric capacity (25) one end is connected on the circuit between described the first diode (19) and storage battery (2) positive pole, and the other end of described the 3rd electric capacity (25) connects the negative pole of solar panel (1) and connects the circuit between described the 3rd inductance (20) and the second diode (21) by the tail end of switch of described the 3rd electromagnetic relay (24), described the 3rd electric capacity electric capacity (25) two ends are parallel with resistance (26), the negative pole of described storage battery (2) connects the negative pole of described solar panel (1).
2. high-efficiency solar traffic lights as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is upper that described solar panel (1) is arranged on phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate (27) shady face of described solar panel (1) and described phase-changing energy-storing thermal control material plate (27) laminating.
3. high-efficiency solar traffic lights as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: also comprise touch-screen (28), described the second processor (35) and two-way connection of described touch-screen (28).
4. high-efficiency solar traffic lights as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: three LED lamps (33) are respectively red LED lamp, yellow LED lamp and green LED lamp.
5. high-efficiency solar traffic lights as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise light sensor (30), the output of described light sensor (30) connects the second input of described the second processor (35).
CN201320829646.1U 2013-12-15 2013-12-15 Highly effective solar traffic light Expired - Lifetime CN203690983U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110797960A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-14 苏州市翌科斯拓机电科技有限公司 Solar charging mobile power supply and solar charging method
CN111417234A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-07-14 重庆绿色科技开发(集团)有限公司 Multi-color temperature full-spectrum L ED (light-emitting diode) solar lamp illumination control system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110797960A (en) * 2019-11-05 2020-02-14 苏州市翌科斯拓机电科技有限公司 Solar charging mobile power supply and solar charging method
CN111417234A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-07-14 重庆绿色科技开发(集团)有限公司 Multi-color temperature full-spectrum L ED (light-emitting diode) solar lamp illumination control system
CN111417234B (en) * 2019-12-31 2022-01-25 重庆绿色科技开发(集团)有限公司 Multi-color temperature full-spectrum LED solar lamp illumination control system

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