CN203646053U - Fine management system for integration of water and fertilizer - Google Patents

Fine management system for integration of water and fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203646053U
CN203646053U CN201320849170.8U CN201320849170U CN203646053U CN 203646053 U CN203646053 U CN 203646053U CN 201320849170 U CN201320849170 U CN 201320849170U CN 203646053 U CN203646053 U CN 203646053U
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China
Prior art keywords
sensor
decoder
controller
water
fertilizer
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CN201320849170.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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邢孔尧
石宪强
温标堂
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GUANGXI JIEJIARUN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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GUANGXI JIEJIARUN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a fine management system for integration of water and fertilizer. The system comprises an environment monitoring sensor, a central control processor, a fuzzy control algorithm device, a front controller, a coder host machine, a programmable controller, a wireless host machine, a high-precision controller, a fertilizer application pump relay, a front motor relay, a remote control decoder, an electronic valve and a remote wireless decoder. The fine management system for the integration of the water and the fertilizer has the advantageous effects that the system is an intelligent irrigation system which is high in intellectualization degree, well applicable to local control and remote control, convenient to install, low in cost and simple to maintain and operate, and has quite high popularization and application values. The system has the advantages of realizing automatic farmland management during a growing process of agricultural and forest crops, lowering the manpower cost, improving the production efficiency and realizing modernization of agriculture and forestry.

Description

Water-fertilizer integral precision management system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Automation of Agricultural Production management domain, is specifically related to a kind of water-fertilizer integral precision management system.
Background technology
At agriculture field, common are vegetable growing base, flowers and plants educate plantation garden etc., but current China gardens, vegetable growing is leaned on artificial operation substantially, the field management of crop growth phase and later stage sell vegetables and need to manually participate in directly, and the work such as the such as fertigation in agriculture and garden growing process, by manually judging and implementing, show respectively with the shortcoming of topdressing but manually carry out base manure:
The fertilizer efficiency of base manure discharges slowly, is unfavorable for regulating the process of growth of vegetables, and easily vegetable root system is had side effects, and burn root, and fertilizer easily runs off, and pollutes.Refer to and topdress the fertilizer being affixed by process of crop growth, effect be mainly for supply crop period a large amount of needs to nutrient.Or the deficiency of supplementary base manure, but easily vegetables are produced and trampleed in the fertilising process of topdressing, the destruction such as fracture.Equally easily vegetable root system is had side effects, burn root, and large area fertilising difficulty, labour intensity is large, thereby often occurs the situations such as same fertilization time is inconsistent, inhomogeneous.
Along with agriculture gardens cultivation intensive degree, labor cost is more and more higher, urgently provides one to meet current cultivation present situation, improves man efficiency, reduces the artificial high-efficiency agriculture production automation management system participating in.
And the fertilising of prior art and irrigation system are by Artificial Control, and complicated operation, pours water and apply fertilizer and separately control, and the stability of a system is poor, does not consider the protection of motor and the protection of whole pipeline.Along with intensive degree is cultivated in agriculture gardens, labor cost is higher, urgently provide one to meet current cultivation present situation, raising man efficiency, reduce the artificial high-efficiency agriculture production automation management system participating in.
Water conservancy is national lifeblood, is the precious resources of human survival and construction.China is the country that water resource lacks in the world, and occupancy volume per person is only equivalent to world occupancy volume per person's 1/4th, and the many regional lacks of water in the north are even more serious.Current industrialized agriculture expands, but only focuses on improving microclimate environment, aspect the meticulous control technique of pouring water, has some defects, has restricted energy-conservation, water saving effect.In order to promote industrialized agriculture (greenhouse, booth) to reach a new level, comprehensive China's actual conditions, enforcement science, meticulous irrigation technique cheap, that save water and energy are imperative.
Drip irrigation and infiltration irrigation technology chamber one of the meticulous irrigation new technology of saving water and energy, very suitable in greenhouse, the economic crops practicality such as booth or outdoor cropping fruit tree, vegetables, cotton.China has just introduced complete drip irrigation technique in the eighties, but because irrigating the reasons such as waterpower regulator control system, fertilizer applicator cost of equipment height, promotes very slowly, has the defect of following several respects:
1, adopt with conventional water supply network direct connection supplies water-supply source more, and irrigation system work water pressure easily fluctuates, unstable;
Though the system 2, having is equipped with fertilizer spreading tank or notes the special fertilizing equipment such as fertile pump " Venturi tube ", but low at hydraulic pressure, when unstable, being difficult for fertilising, operational sequence is many in addition, and peasant is generally reluctant to use;
3, the proportion expression fat absorption device of Introduced From Abroad, needs pipe network to have certain pressure when work, expense is high, and every 1500 yuan of left and right are difficult to promote;
4, most of irrigator is as higher in design heads such as water dropper, drip irrigation pipe, infiltrations, needs energy dissipating to drip; On the other hand, the reality of comprehensive Chinese countryside, from scientic planting, energy-conservation, water saving economic and practical analysis, general greenhouse, booth area are less, tend to random water, need low-water head drip irrigation, Fertigation, cost is low, easy to operate, be easy to the equipment of the water yield, but meet the equipment not yet appearance at present of above-mentioned requirements.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of water-fertilizer integral precision management system, to reduce artificial participation, the labor cost too high technical problem of crops in the process of producing.
In order to solve above technical problem, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
A kind of water-fertilizer integral precision management system, described system comprises environment monitoring sensor, central control processor, FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device, stem controller, encoder main frame, Programmable Logic Controller, wireless host, high-precision controller, fertilizing pump relay, stem motor relay, Long-distance Control decoder, electronic valve and long distance wireless decoder, described central control processor connects respectively described environment monitoring sensor and FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device, described central control processor and described stem controller, decoder main frame, Programmable Logic Controller wired connection, described wireless host and described central control processor wireless connections, described stem controller connects described high-precision controller, fertilizing pump relay and stem motor relay, described decoder main frame and described Long-distance Control decoder, electronic valve connects successively, described wireless host and described long distance wireless decoder, electronic valve connects successively, and described Programmable Logic Controller connects described electronic valve.
Be preferably, described environment monitoring sensor comprises liquid EC sensor, liquid PH sensor, soil EC sensor, soil humidity sensor, soil temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, intensity of illumination sensor, rain sensor, flowmeter, front manometer and rear manometer.
A kind of water-fertilizer integral precision management system that the utility model provides, includes irrigation decision, Fertilization Decision, and electric motor protecting, environmental monitoring information internet is issued, security of system operation note, various control executive mode.Intelligent degree is high, is applicable to preferably the intelligent irrigation system that local control and long-range strange land are controlled, and easy for installation, cost is low, and attended operation is simple, has very strong application value.Realize the field management to automation in farm-forestry crop production process, reduced the expenditure of human cost, improved production efficiency, realized agricultural modernization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the composition schematic diagram of the utility model water-fertilizer integral precision management system.
Embodiment
For making object, technical scheme and the advantage of the utility model embodiment clearer, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described.
As shown in Figure 1, water-fertilizer integral precision management system is made up of environment monitoring sensor 1, central control processor 2, FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device 3, stem controller 4, encoder main frame 5, Programmable Logic Controller 6, wireless host 7, high-precision controller 8, fertilizing pump relay 9, stem motor relay 10, Long-distance Control decoder 11, electronic valve 12 and long distance wireless decoder 13.Central control processor 2 is connected with environment monitoring sensor 1 and FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device 3 respectively, and wireless host 7 and central control processor 2 wireless connections, central control processor 2 and stem controller 4, decoder main frame 5, Programmable Logic Controller 6 wired connections, wireless host 7 and central control processor 2 wireless connections.Wherein environment monitoring sensor 1 comprises liquid EC sensor, liquid PH sensor, soil EC sensor, soil humidity sensor, soil temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, air temperature sensor, intensity of illumination sensor, rain sensor, flowmeter, front manometer and rear manometer.Stem controller 4 connects high-precision controller 8, fertilizing pump relay 9 and stem motor relay 10.Decoder main frame 5, Long-distance Control decoder 11 and electronic valve 12 are connected successively, and wireless host 7 is connected successively with long distance wireless decoder 13, electronic valve 12, and Programmable Logic Controller 6 is directly connected with electronic valve 12.
Stem controller 4 has the functions such as fertilising, water pump control, water source filtration, constant voltage, row pressure in water-fertilizer integral precision management system.
Decoder main frame 5 is the signals that central control processor 2 converted to decoder to the control instruction of electronic valve 12.
Programmable Logic Controller 6 is that central control processor 2 is changed into the control signal to each electronic valve 12 to the control instruction of electronic valve 12, and wherein each control signal is by carrier cable independently, and carrier cable transmission is to corresponding electronic valve 12.
In the time that field EC value is less than setting value, illustrate that the soil nutrient in field lacks, 2 of central control processors can be controlled electronic valve 12 and open, and carry out the fertile automatic irrigation of hydration, and when EC value reaches after predetermined value, electronic valve 12 is closed automatically.
Wireless host 7 changes into the receptible wireless control signal of each wireless control terminal central control processor to the control instruction of 2 electronic valves 12, thereby can control electronic valve 12.
Central control processor 2 can arrange irrigation date, running time, and chain program program, sensor starts, and program is infiltrated in circulation, the ET program etc. of pouring water.
Can pass through GPS map, show the ruuning situation of all websites or even single shower nozzle and can report by show state, easy operating personnel programming, monitors and finds and solve fault.
Can utilize selected region area on map software module measurements and calculations map, program shows the ruuning situation of each website in real time by colour chart, allows to draw according to the information that shows personal workstation on coloured picture in real time.
The utility model water-fertilizer integral precision management system is passed through irrigation decision; Fertilization Decision; electric motor protecting; environmental monitoring information internet is issued; security of system operation note; various control executive mode; two line decoders, multi-thread control, controlled in wireless mode has realized water-fertilizer integral precision management system; simple to operate; easy to maintenance, realize the field management to automation in crops production process, reduce the expenditure of human cost; improve production efficiency and the efficiency of management, realized the modernization of agricultural production.
Finally it should be noted that: above embodiment only illustrates the technical solution of the utility model, is not intended to limit; Although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to previous embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: its technical scheme that still can record aforementioned each embodiment is modified, or part technical characterictic is wherein equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of the each embodiment technical scheme of the utility model.

Claims (2)

1. a water-fertilizer integral precision management system, is characterized in that, described system comprises environment monitoring sensor, central control processor, FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device, stem controller, encoder main frame, Programmable Logic Controller, wireless host, high-precision controller, fertilizing pump relay, stem motor relay, Long-distance Control decoder, electronic valve and long distance wireless decoder, described central control processor connects respectively described environment monitoring sensor and FUZZY ALGORITHMS FOR CONTROL device, described central control processor and described stem controller, decoder main frame, Programmable Logic Controller wired connection, described wireless host and described central control processor wireless connections, described stem controller connects described high-precision controller, fertilizing pump relay and stem motor relay, described decoder main frame and described Long-distance Control decoder, electronic valve connects successively, described wireless host and described long distance wireless decoder, electronic valve connects successively, and described Programmable Logic Controller connects described electronic valve.
2. water-fertilizer integral precision management system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described environment monitoring sensor comprises liquid EC sensor, liquid PH sensor, soil EC sensor, soil humidity sensor, soil temperature sensor, air humidity sensor, intensity of illumination sensor, rain sensor, flowmeter, front manometer and rear manometer.
CN201320849170.8U 2013-12-20 2013-12-20 Fine management system for integration of water and fertilizer Withdrawn - After Issue CN203646053U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103718728A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-16 广西捷佳润农业科技有限公司 Water and fertilizer integrated precision management system
CN104067913A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-01 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Accurate irrigation and fertilization technology system, and control method for same
CN105557463A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 重庆市农业科学院 Water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system and method for protected cultivation
CN105724194A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-06 广州市君宝农业科技有限公司 Intelligent water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system
CN106171228A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 安徽朗坤物联网有限公司 A kind of the Integration of Water into Fertilizer scheme based on Internet of Things
CN107278716A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-24 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 A kind of cluster greenhouse liquid manure integrated management external channeling control system and method
CN107912272A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-04-17 华东交通大学 A kind of orchard automatic irrigation device
CN110839453A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-28 吉林省农业科学院 Water-saving irrigation system capable of controlling dry shed
CN111083982A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-01 华维节水科技集团股份有限公司 Liquid manure integration system

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103718728A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-16 广西捷佳润农业科技有限公司 Water and fertilizer integrated precision management system
CN104067913A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-10-01 中国科学院地球化学研究所 Accurate irrigation and fertilization technology system, and control method for same
CN105557463A (en) * 2015-12-16 2016-05-11 重庆市农业科学院 Water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system and method for protected cultivation
CN105724194A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-06 广州市君宝农业科技有限公司 Intelligent water and fertilizer integrated irrigation system
CN105724194B (en) * 2016-04-21 2019-03-26 广州市君宝农业科技有限公司 A kind of liquid manure intelligent integral irrigation system
CN106171228A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-12-07 安徽朗坤物联网有限公司 A kind of the Integration of Water into Fertilizer scheme based on Internet of Things
CN107912272A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-04-17 华东交通大学 A kind of orchard automatic irrigation device
CN107278716A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-10-24 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 A kind of cluster greenhouse liquid manure integrated management external channeling control system and method
CN110839453A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-02-28 吉林省农业科学院 Water-saving irrigation system capable of controlling dry shed
CN111083982A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-01 华维节水科技集团股份有限公司 Liquid manure integration system

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Granted publication date: 20140618

Effective date of abandoning: 20160224

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting