CN203637214U - Solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203637214U
CN203637214U CN201320690023.0U CN201320690023U CN203637214U CN 203637214 U CN203637214 U CN 203637214U CN 201320690023 U CN201320690023 U CN 201320690023U CN 203637214 U CN203637214 U CN 203637214U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grid
solid
material feeding
box
liquid
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320690023.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊征
黄超荣
陈燕科
赖奇伟
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DONGGUAN CITY KAIPU PRECISION MACHINE Co Ltd
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DONGGUAN CITY KAIPU PRECISION MACHINE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201320690023.0U priority Critical patent/CN203637214U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203637214U publication Critical patent/CN203637214U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of the collection and the treatment of kitchen garbage, particularly to a solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage. The solid-liquid separation device comprises a solid-liquid separator and an oil-water separation box which are communicated. The solid-liquid separation device is characterized in that the solid-liquid separator comprises a separation box, wherein a feed box is arranged at the upper part of the separation box, a feed inlet is formed in the upper part of the feed box, a first grid is arranged between the feed inlet and the feed box, a second grid and a spiral extruder are arranged in the feed box, the spiral extruder is connected with the bottom of the second grid, a spiral extruder and a driving device are arranged on the box body of the feed box, a back flushing device is arranged below the back of the second grid, and a liquid outlet is formed in the lower part of the oil-water separation box. The solid-liquid separation device has the advantages of simple structure, convenience for operation and small electric consumption; the solid-liquid separation of the kitchen garage and the crushing of the solid garbage can be implemented, the requirements for the follow-up treatment and the utilization of the kitchen garbage are met, and the efficiency of the oil-water separation and the sewage treatment of the kitchen garbage is improved.

Description

A kind of changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid
Technical field
The utility model relates to changing food waste collection and treatment technical field, particularly a kind of changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid.
Background technology
Changing food waste is swill, the residual night etc. producing in the active procedure such as food processing, catering service, its complicated component mainly contains food residues, vegetables, vegetable and animals oils, pericarp, fruit stone, meat bone etc., comprise in addition useless tableware, napkin paper and toothpick etc., in chemical composition, mainly contain starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salts etc.Science is processed changing food waste, not only can solve changing food waste environmental pollution problem, changing food waste can also be converted into resource and be used.Changing food waste is received separately fortune, is carried out harmlessness disposing and recycling, and wherein the collection of specialty equipment is difficult point and the focus of research at present.
China Patent No. is in the utility model patent of 200910076168.X, to disclose a kind of separator that separates rotating cylinder and separate changing food waste that utilizes, its shortcoming is that this device can not work continuously, from pouring rubbish into, charging aperture needs to close the first and second valves, strain oil with straining oily device, after drained oil, open again second valve goalkeeper residual refuse and enter next processing links, and this device can only separate profit roughly, be unfavorable for processing in a large number changing food waste.Chinese patent 201120516757.8 discloses a kind of separator that utilizes self huge profit to separate changing food waste, its shortcoming is inconvenient operation, need the manual solid refuse in filter bag of pouring out, and filter efficiency can be worse and worse, sharp-pointed rubbish easily scratches filter bag, causes Separation of Solid and Liquid failure.Chinese patent 201110121536.5 discloses a kind of separator that utilizes extruding screw and filter screen combination to separate changing food waste, its shortcoming is this device complex operation, solid refuse and liquid refuse need to separately drop into, the extruding screw of level with separate filter screen and easily stop up, cause pushing unsuccessfully, and complex structure, is unfavorable for cleaning and maintenance.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is: for the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide a kind of changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid, this separator is simple, convenient, can work continuously, can sort out larger monoblock rubbish and other non-rubbish instruments, can comminuted solids can also be to its extrusion dehydration when rubbish, and equipment rinse convenient.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid, comprise the solid-liquid separator and the water separation tank that are connected, described solid-liquid separator comprises separator box, the top of separator box is material feeding box, the top of material feeding box is provided with charging aperture, between charging aperture and material feeding box, be provided with the first grid, in described material feeding box, dispose the second grid and spiral extruder, described spiral extruder is connected with the second grid bottom, the casing of material feeding box is provided with spiral extruder and drive unit, below the second grid back side, be provided with back purge system, the bottom of described water separation tank is provided with liquid outlet.
The first described grid is horizontally disposed loose-leaf stainless steel grid, and grid width is selected between 10 ~ 50mm, on the first described grid, is provided with shift knob; The second described grid is the stainless steel grid being obliquely installed, and aperture is selected between 0.1 ~ 5mm.
Described material feeding box adopts the articulated structure of upwards raising to be connected with described separator box, one end angulation of described spiral extruder is inclined upwardly through described material feeding box setting, the lower wall place of its upper end is provided with slag notch, be positioned at the middle spiral extruder bottom of material feeding box and be provided with filtering holes, the lower end of spiral extruder connects described drive unit.
Described spiral extruder is provided with screw rod, has uniformly at intervals bullet structure or cylindrical structure on described screw rod, and described bullet structure and described cylindrical structure are provided with blade.
Described back purge system is connected with recoil high-pressure hydraulic pump.
The side wall upper part of described water separation tank is provided with oil-out and is furnished with liquid level monitor.
The angle of inclination of described spiral extruder is selected between 8 ~ 10 °.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: this separator is simple, convenient, can work continuously, and can sort out larger monoblock rubbish and other non-rubbish instruments, can also be to its extrusion dehydration can comminuted solids rubbish time, and equipment rinse convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Wherein, 1-charging aperture, 2-the first grid, 3-the second grid, 4-drive unit, 5-material feeding box, 6-filtering holes, 7-back purge system, 8-spiral extruder, 9-slag notch, 10-solid-liquid separator, 11-liquid outlet, 12-water separation tank, 13-oil-out, 14-liquid level monitor, 15-delivery port.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model and beneficial effect thereof are elaborated, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited to this.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is made up of solid-liquid separator 10 and water separation tank 12, wherein on solid-liquid separator 10, is furnished with the first grid 2, the second grid 3, back purge system 7, spiral extruder 8, slag notch 9, drive unit 4, separator box 16, liquid outlet 11 between charging aperture 1, material feeding box 5, charging aperture 1 and material feeding box 5; In water separation tank 12, be furnished with oil-out 13, liquid level monitor 14 and delivery port 15.
Preferably, charging aperture 1 is horn-like, is highly 30cm, stainless steel; Material feeding box 5 is long is 30cm, and wide is 30cm, and height is 40cm metal cabinet; Between charging aperture 1 and material feeding box 5, separate with the first lattice coral 2; The first lattice coral 2 apertures are 40mm, stainless steel, and be furnished with loose-leaf button; The bottom of charging aperture 1 can be raised; Material feeding box 5 middle parts are crossed at 8 one-tenth 8 ~ 10 ° of angles of inclination of spiral extruder obliquely; The second lattice coral 3 upper ends and charging aperture 1 join, and lower end and spiral extruder 8 shells join; The second lattice coral 3 apertures are 8mm, stainless steel; A slag notch 9 is opened in spiral extruder 8 upper ends, and lower end, middle part is furnished with filtering holes 6, and lower end and drive unit 4 join; Drive unit 4 is installed on material feeding box 5 sides, and drive unit 4 is connected by chain with spiral extruder 8; The second lattice coral 3 is installed back purge system 7 for cleaning the second lattice coral 3 and spiral extruder 8 below; Material feeding box 5 is connected with separator box 16, and separator box 16 is long 50cm, wide 40cm, the metal cabinet of high 30cm; Separator box lower end is furnished with liquid outlet 11.Liquid outlet 11 is connected with water separation tank 12, and the top of water separation tank 12 is provided with oil-out 13, and bottom is provided with delivery port 15, and oil-out 13 is furnished with the discharge situation of liquid level monitor 14 for detection of oil reservoir.
The separation method of changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid of the present utility model, comprise the steps: a, press the button, changing food waste is dropped into charging aperture 1, most of rubbish enters material feeding box 5 through the first grid 2, monoblock rubbish and other non-rubbish instruments that residual specification is larger are trapped within on the first grid 2, and manual sorting goes out to drop into dustbin; B, starter motor, changing food waste is through screw extruding, solid refuse enters external dustbin through slag notch 9, and liquid refuse enters separator box through the filtering holes 6 at the second grid 3 and spiral extruder 8 middle parts, and through separator box bottom, liquid outlet 11 enters extraneous water separation tank 12; C, utilize the different specific weight of profit, the oil reservoir in water separation tank 12 is discharged from the oil-out 13 on upper strata, and water layer is discharged from the delivery port 15 of lower floor; After d, changing food waste Separation of Solid and Liquid, open water tap, from charging aperture 1 intake forward rinse separator, can raise bottom, directly rinse spiral extruder 8 and the second grid 3 fronts, start miniature flushing high-pressure pump simultaneously, running water is pumped into back purge system 7, rinse the back of the filtering holes 6 of the second grid 3 reverse side and spiral extruder 8; After e, flushing, disable motor, presses the button, sealing the first grid 2, and minimizing foreign matter enters with smell and leaches, and can add cleaning fluid and thimerosal in backwash running water.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, the utility model those skilled in the art can also change and revise above-mentioned embodiment.Therefore, the utility model is not limited to the above-mentioned specific embodiment, and any apparent improvement, replacement or modification that every those skilled in the art have done on basis of the present utility model all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.In addition,, although used some specific terms in this description, these terms just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid, comprise the solid-liquid separator and the water separation tank that are connected, it is characterized in that: described solid-liquid separator comprises separator box, the top of separator box is material feeding box, the top of material feeding box is provided with charging aperture, between charging aperture and material feeding box, be provided with the first grid, in described material feeding box, dispose the second grid and spiral extruder, described spiral extruder is connected with the second grid bottom, the casing of material feeding box is provided with spiral extruder and drive unit, below the second grid back side, be provided with back purge system, the bottom of described water separation tank is provided with liquid outlet.
2. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the first described grid is horizontally disposed loose-leaf stainless steel grid, and grid width is selected between 10 ~ 50mm, on the first described grid, is provided with shift knob; The second described grid is the stainless steel grid being obliquely installed, and aperture is selected between 0.1 ~ 5mm.
3. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described material feeding box adopts the articulated structure of upwards raising to be connected with described separator box, one end angulation of described spiral extruder is inclined upwardly through described material feeding box setting, the lower wall place of its upper end is provided with slag notch, be positioned at the middle spiral extruder bottom of material feeding box and be provided with filtering holes, the lower end of spiral extruder connects described drive unit.
4. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described spiral extruder is provided with screw rod, on described screw rod, have uniformly at intervals bullet structure or cylindrical structure, and described bullet structure and described cylindrical structure are provided with blade.
5. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described back purge system is connected with recoil high-pressure hydraulic pump.
6. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the side wall upper part of described water separation tank is provided with oil-out and is furnished with liquid level monitor.
7. changing food waste equipment for separating liquid from solid according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the angle of inclination of described spiral extruder is selected between 8 ~ 10 °.
CN201320690023.0U 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage Expired - Fee Related CN203637214U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320690023.0U CN203637214U (en) 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320690023.0U CN203637214U (en) 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Solid-liquid separation device for kitchen garbage

Publications (1)

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CN203637214U true CN203637214U (en) 2014-06-11

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103552268A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-02-05 东莞市凯普精密机器有限公司 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separating device and separating method for the device
CN106515071A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-03-22 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Circulating separation mechanism
CN107932960A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-20 成都点点通科技有限公司 The adjustable kitchen garbage integrated processor of structure
CN108043554A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-18 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind for the treatment of of Municipal Solid Waste equipment
CN111421872A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-07-17 衢州超越环保科技有限公司 Garbage disposal device for kitchen garbage dehydration

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103552268A (en) * 2013-11-05 2014-02-05 东莞市凯普精密机器有限公司 Kitchen waste solid-liquid separating device and separating method for the device
CN106515071A (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-03-22 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Circulating separation mechanism
CN107932960A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-20 成都点点通科技有限公司 The adjustable kitchen garbage integrated processor of structure
CN108043554A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-18 郑州国知网络技术有限公司 A kind for the treatment of of Municipal Solid Waste equipment
CN111421872A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-07-17 衢州超越环保科技有限公司 Garbage disposal device for kitchen garbage dehydration
CN111421872B (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-12-15 德州鑫鼎昊环保科技有限公司 Garbage disposal device for kitchen garbage dehydration

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140611

Termination date: 20151105

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model