CN203572481U - Field crack attitude measuring device - Google Patents

Field crack attitude measuring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203572481U
CN203572481U CN201320780268.2U CN201320780268U CN203572481U CN 203572481 U CN203572481 U CN 203572481U CN 201320780268 U CN201320780268 U CN 201320780268U CN 203572481 U CN203572481 U CN 203572481U
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China
Prior art keywords
compass
crack
strike
wedge shape
shape plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201320780268.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘敬寿
戴俊生
顾玉超
伍亚
王新新
张丹丹
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China University of Petroleum East China
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China University of Petroleum East China
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a device for accurately measuring the crack attitude in a stratum, in particular to a field crack attitude measuring device. The field crack attitude measuring device comprises a wedge-shaped insertion plate, a power switch, a laser emitter, a straight lead scale ruler, a rotary shaft, a compass connector, an azimuth scale ruler, a compass north arrow, a compass south arrow, a leveling device, a bubble and a straight lead drum body. The wedge-shaped insertion plate is connected with the straight lead drum body by the rotary shaft and can freely rotate around the rotary shaft; the laser emitter is fixedly connected with the wedge-shaped insertion; the leveling device is fixedly connected with the top end of the straight lead drum body; the compass north arrow and the compass south arrow are connected with the top end of the straight lead drum body by the compass connector and can rotate in the horizontal plane around the compass connector. The field crack attitude measuring device overcomes the defect that a geological compass cannot be used for measuring the crack attitude and can be used for accurately measuring the crack attitude of a field stratum.

Description

Crack, a kind of field strike-dip survey device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the device of crack occurrence in a kind of Measurement accuracy rock stratum, crack, especially a kind of field strike-dip survey device.
Background technology
To the main device of geologic body strike-dip survey, be geologic compass in the wild, but in rock stratum crack not exposure measure face, slight crack of exposure only, with geologic compass, obviously cannot complete the measurement of crack occurrence, at present, also do not have a kind of specialty to measure the device in such crack, measure adopt of such crack more so in the wild and estimate pronunciation, the method determines that the occurrence accuracy in crack is low.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended to address the above problem, and crack, a kind of field strike-dip survey device is provided, and it has overcome employing geologic compass cannot measure the drawback of crack occurrence, and its technical scheme adopting is as follows:
Crack, a kind of field strike-dip survey device, comprise wedge shape plate, power switch, generating laser, vertical rule, rotation axis, compass connector, compass needle, position angle rule, compass north arrow, compass compass, horizon equipment, bubble, vertical stack shell, described wedge shape plate is connected with vertical stack shell by rotation axis and wedge shape plate can rotate, and moving axis rotates freely, described generating laser, power switch and wedge shape plate are affixed, described horizon equipment and vertical stack shell top are affixed, described compass needle is connected with vertical stack shell top by compass connector and pointer can rotate around compass connector in surface level, described vertical rule is fixed in the side of vertical stack shell, described position angle graduation calibrating is in vertical stack shell end face, described compass north arrow points to magnetic north, compass compass points to ground magnetic south.
On technique scheme basis, described generating laser and wedge shape plate are in same level, and described wedge shape plate is wedge shape.
On technique scheme basis, described generating laser and wedge shape plate are in same level.
On technique scheme basis, the upper thick and lower thin wedge shape that is of described wedge shape plate, the right position angle of rotation axis of vertical stack shell both sides is 90 °, 270 °.
On technique scheme basis, the described corresponding position angle of vertical rule is 0 °.
The utlity model has following advantage: reasonable in design, easy to use, the occurrence that can accurately measure crack, field, is applicable to the measurement of the various open fracture occurrence in field, easy to learn, easy to carry.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is perspective view of the present utility model;
In figure: 1. wedge shape plate, 2. power switch, 3. generating laser, 4. vertical rule, 5. rotation axis, 6. horizon equipment, 7. bubble, 8. position angle rule, 9. compass north arrow, 10. compass compass, 11. compass connectors, 12. vertical stack shells.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail:
Shown in accompanying drawing, crack, a kind of field strike-dip survey device, comprise wedge shape plate 1, power switch 2, generating laser 3, vertical rule 4, rotation axis 5, horizon equipment 6, bubble 7, position angle rule 8, compass north arrow 9, compass compass 10, compass connector 11, vertical stack shell 12, described wedge shape plate 1 is connected with vertical stack shell 12 by rotation axis 5 and wedge shape plate 1 can rotate, and moving axis 5 rotates freely, described generating laser 3, power switch 2 is affixed with wedge shape plate 1, described horizon equipment 6 is affixed with vertical stack shell 12 tops, described compass north arrow 9, compass compass 10 is connected with vertical stack shell 12 tops by compass connector 11 and pointer can rotate around compass connector 11 in surface level, described vertical rule 4 is fixed in the side of vertical stack shell 12, described position angle rule 8 markings are in vertical stack shell 1 end face, described compass north arrow 9 points to magnetic north, compass compass 10 points to ground magnetic south.
Preferably, described generating laser and wedge shape plate are in same level.
Preferably, the upper thick and lower thin wedge shape that is of described wedge shape plate, described wedge shape plate is metallic, can firmly insert in formation fractures.
Preferably, described vertical stack shell is hollow metal matter, to facilitate field to carry.
Preferably, the right position angle of rotation axis of described vertical stack shell both sides is 90 °, 270 °, to facilitate the processing of crack occurrence data to calculate.
Preferably, the described corresponding position angle of vertical rule is 0 °, to facilitate crack occurrence data processing.
Preferably, the corresponding position angle of described generating laser is 0 °, so that the laser of its transmitting on vertical rule, is convenient to read the numerical value of the corresponding vertical rule of laser spots.
In use, by in wedge shape plate 1 formation fractures, adjust the degree of depth of wedge shape plate 1, make it firmly insert in crack, move left and right the center that the bubble 7 making in horizon equipment 6 moves to horizon equipment, and then can guarantee that wedge shape plate 1 is is vertical direction along the insertion of crack parallax, vertical stack shell 12.Read the corresponding position angle of compass north arrow 9 registration θ, turning on the power switch 2 recording laser transmitter 3 emission line is n at the corresponding numerical value of vertical rule 4, the radius of described vertical stack shell 12 is r, described rotation axis 5 is h at the corresponding numerical value of vertical rule 4, and described crack occurrence is asked for process and is:
Figure BDA0000428031240000031
Figure BDA0000428031240000032
x 3 = r sin ( - θ ) y 3 = r cos ( - θ ) z 3 = n - - - ( 3 )
a = ( z 3 - z 1 ) ( y 2 - y 1 ) - ( z 2 - z 1 ) ( y 3 - y 1 ) b = ( z 2 - z 1 ) ( x 3 - x 1 ) - ( z 3 - z 1 ) ( x 2 - x 1 ) c = ( y 3 - y 1 ) ( x 2 - x 2 ) - ( y 2 - y 1 ) ( x 3 - x 1 ) - - - ( 4 )
Described fracture dip is:
QJ = arccos c a 2 + b 2 + c 2 - - - ( 5 )
Described fracture strike is:
ZX = arctg ( - a b ) - - - ( 6 )
When described trend is less than 0 °, fracture strike ZX adds 180 ° so that crack occurrence meets geology standard, is: ZX ± 90 according to crack tendency and the tendency of moving towards relation and the definite crack of field observation judgement.
With way of example, the utility model is illustrated above, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned specific embodiment, all any changes of doing based on the utility model or modification all belong to the claimed scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. crack, field strike-dip survey device, by wedge shape plate (1), power switch (2), generating laser (3), vertical rule (4), rotation axis (5), horizon equipment (6), bubble (7), position angle rule (8), compass north arrow (9), compass compass (10), compass connector (11), vertical stack shell (12) forms, described generating laser (3), power switch (2) is affixed with wedge shape plate (1), described vertical rule (4) is fixed in the side of vertical stack shell (12), described position angle rule (8) marking is in vertical stack shell (12) end face.
2. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: described wedge shape plate (1) is connected with vertical stack shell (12) by rotation axis (5), and wedge shape plate (1) moving axis (5) that can rotate rotates freely.
3. crack, a kind of field according to claim 2 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: described wedge shape plate (1) is metallic clapboard.
4. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: the corresponding position angle of described rotation axis (5) scale is 90 °, 270 °.
5. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: generating laser (3) and the laser rays of launching thereof and wedge shape plate are in same plane.
6. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: the corresponding position angle of vertical rule (4) scale is 0 °.
7. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: horizon equipment (6) is fixed in the top of vertical stack shell (12).
8. crack, a kind of field according to claim 1 strike-dip survey device, is characterized in that: compass north arrow (9), compass compass (10) can rotate around compass connector (11) with top and pointer that compass connector (11) is connected in vertical stack shell (12) in surface level.
CN201320780268.2U 2013-12-02 2013-12-02 Field crack attitude measuring device Expired - Fee Related CN203572481U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320780268.2U CN203572481U (en) 2013-12-02 2013-12-02 Field crack attitude measuring device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106767674A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Structural plane strike-dip survey instrument
CN111811461B (en) * 2020-07-17 2021-11-23 黄淮学院 Impression system and method for simultaneously measuring drilling tendency, inclination angle and perforation crack surface appearance

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106767674A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-05-31 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Structural plane strike-dip survey instrument
CN106767674B (en) * 2017-01-11 2023-03-10 中国电建集团成都勘测设计研究院有限公司 Instrument for measuring attitude of structural plane
CN111811461B (en) * 2020-07-17 2021-11-23 黄淮学院 Impression system and method for simultaneously measuring drilling tendency, inclination angle and perforation crack surface appearance

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140430

Termination date: 20141202

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