CN203568720U - Integrally loading/unloading vehicle based on slippage arm-changing mechanism - Google Patents

Integrally loading/unloading vehicle based on slippage arm-changing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203568720U
CN203568720U CN201320641141.2U CN201320641141U CN203568720U CN 203568720 U CN203568720 U CN 203568720U CN 201320641141 U CN201320641141 U CN 201320641141U CN 203568720 U CN203568720 U CN 203568720U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
loading
car hoisting
self
subframe
unloading vehicle
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320641141.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘作桂
郭阳春
袁英明
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Connection Heng Tong Machinery Co Ltd In Changsha
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Connection Heng Tong Machinery Co Ltd In Changsha
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Priority to CN201320641141.2U priority Critical patent/CN203568720U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrally loading/unloading vehicle based on a slippage arm-changing mechanism, and solves the problems that the loading and unloading operation range of the existing integrally loading/unloading vehicle is small, and the carload carrying capacity is not high. The integrally loading/unloading vehicle based on the slippage arm-changing mechanism comprises a chassis, an auxiliary frame, the arm-changing mechanism arranged on the auxiliary frame as well as a tray, wherein the auxiliary frame is provided with guide rails along a length direction of the auxiliary frame, and the arm-changing mechanism positioned on the front of the auxiliary frame can move in reciprocating manner under the drive of a driving device. The integrally loading/unloading vehicle provided by the utility model has the advantages that the arm-changing mechanism is designed into a sliding structure and has a lifting function and self-loading and unloading functions, the loading and unloading operation range of the integrally loading/unloading vehicle is expanded, and the carrying capacity is improved.

Description

A kind of based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of special transportation vehicle that integrates lifting, handling, transportation function, be specially a kind of based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device.
Background technology
Current overall self-loading and unloading vehicle has two series products:
The chief component of first kind product and function as shown in Figure 1, can realize the bulk handling operation of Standard pallet freight container, meet the requirement of special transportation vehicle Self-loading & self-unloading function, also can carry out hoisting operation in afterbody subrange class; But hoisting weight and the scope of work of the Self-loading-unloading mechanism 3 of first kind product are smaller, cannot meet loose unpacked material and be lifted into Standard pallet from ground, or from Standard pallet, be lifted into the job requirements on ground.
The chief component of Equations of The Second Kind product and function are as shown in Figure 2, on an above-mentioned class entirety self-loading and unloading vehicle, reequip, increase a fixed type with car hoisting device 7, possess two cover equipment specials (with car hoisting device 7 and Self-loading-unloading mechanism 3), can realize lifting, handling, transportation function.But, the fixed type of Equations of The Second Kind product is with car hoisting device 7+ Self-loading-unloading mechanism 3 integrated modes, with car hoisting device 7, adopt fixed type, be arranged in the front portion of vehicle, hoisting moment with car hoisting device is larger, and mechanism's redundancy, causes transport trolley deadweight larger, has affected the carrying capacity of transport vehicle; Cost of product is relatively high, less economical.
Utility model content
In order to overcome existing self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle, exist loading and unloading operation scope little, the deficiency that car load carrying capacity is not high, the utility model aim to provide a kind of based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, this self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle will be designed to slideable structure with car hoisting device, can effectively expand the loading and unloading operation scope of self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle, improve delivery power.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is:
A self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle based on slip with car hoisting device, comprises chassis, subframe, be contained on subframe with car hoisting device, and pallet; Its constructional feature is that described subframe is provided with guide rail along its length, is positioned at the described of subframe front portion and can moves back and forth along guide rail under the driving of an actuating device with car hoisting device.
Be below the technical scheme of further improvement of the utility model:
As a kind of concrete version, the described slipping base being contained on described guide rail that comprises with car hoisting device, the revolution being contained in this slipping base is supported, and is contained in the horizontally rotated bearing that this revolution is supported; On described bearing, be hinged with bracing frame, on this bracing frame, be hinged with folding arm, on this folding arm, telescopic boom is housed, suspension hook is equipped with in the outer end of described telescopic boom; Described folding arm and telescopic boom composition Collapsible structure; Between described bearing and bracing frame, between bracing frame and folding arm and be equipped with driving telescopic oil cylinder between folding arm and telescopic boom.
Described oil cylinder is preferably scalable oil cylinder, particularly, is support cylinder between bearing and bracing frame, is folding arm oil cylinder between bracing frame and folding arm, is telescopic oil cylinder between folding arm and telescopic boom.
In order to provide support when self-contained whole the unloading more easily, the afterbody of described subframe is provided with horizontal support legs, and the end of this horizontal support legs is provided with telescopic vertical leg.Further, described horizontal support legs is telescopic loop bar.
As a concrete drive form, described actuating device comprises CD-ROM drive motor, and this CD-ROM drive motor moves back and forth with car hoisting device by described in sprocket wheel and chain drive.
Certainly, as the feasible drive form of another kind, described actuating device comprises hydraulic ram, and the cylinder barrel of this hydraulic ram is connected with car hoisting device with described; Latch stay bearing plate is housed on described subframe, the latch driving with car hoisting device is housed on stay bearing plate.
For convenient, with car hoisting device, be connected with actuating device, described slipping base bottom is provided with the driving Connection Block being connected with actuating device, between this slipping base and guide rail, is provided with slider roller, can reduce the resistance of taxing with car hoisting device.
In order to improve the rigidity of structure of subframe, described subframe is box-structure or channel-section steel unitized construction.
In order easily pallet to be drawn to subframe, on described subframe, track adjusting wheel is housed, described tray bottom is provided with guide frame, plays position-limiting action simultaneously.
As a kind of concrete version, at least 25% of described telescopic boom length is overlapped on described folding arm.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1. the utility model is taken into account hoisting function and self-loading and self-unloading functions, and expands hoisting function.Existing product can Self-loading-unloading, but can only be in limited scope lifting operation, inconvenient to Standard pallet lifting loose unpacked material, the utility model can Self-loading-unloading with car hoisting device by slippage, can also conveniently realize to the operation of Standard pallet lifting loose unpacked material;
The utility model with hoisting moment little with car hoisting device replace hoisting moment large with car hoisting device, car load is from heavy and light.Existing product adopts increases a set of large fixed random car hoisting device, and hoisting moment is large, and Heavy Weight causes car load large from weight, and transport capacity is little; The utility model utilizes slippage with car hoisting device, can with little tonnage with car hoisting device, realize the hoisting operation of the large ton of fixed type with car hoisting device, complete vehicle weight is light, transport capacity can improve greatly;
3. cost is low, good economy performance.The relatively current existing Equations of The Second Kind product of the utility model, with a covering device (slippage is with car hoisting device) replacement two covering devices (fixed type is with car hoisting device+Self-loading-unloading device), possesses very large cost advantage, and economic benefit is obvious.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure principle chart of existing first kind self-loading and unloading vehicle;
Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart of existing Equations of The Second Kind self-loading and unloading vehicle;
Fig. 3 is the integral structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram with car hoisting device described in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structure principle chart of an embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the utility model operating range schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is a kind of working state schematic representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is a kind of loading condition schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is a kind of loading process schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Figure 10 is that one of the present utility model has been loaded schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is the constitution diagram that the utility model is prepared transportation;
Figure 12 is the connection diagram of subframe described in the utility model and guide rail.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of slipping base described in the utility model;
Figure 14 is sprocket wheel chain drive pattern schematic diagram described in the utility model;
Figure 15 is hydraulic ram drive pattern schematic diagram described in the utility model.
In the drawings
1-chassis; 2-subframe; 3-Self-loading-unloading mechanism; 4-electric system; 5-hydraulic efficiency pressure system; 6-pallet; 7-is with car hoisting device; 13-vehicle frame; 15-driven sprocket; 16-supporting seat; 19-CD-ROM drive motor; 20-track adjusting wheel; 22-horizontal support legs; 23-vertical leg; 24-turns round support; 25-supporting seat; 26-support cylinder; 27-bracing frame; 28-folding arm oil cylinder; 29-folding arm; 30-telescopic boom; 31-telescopic oil cylinder; 33-chain; 34-guide rail; 37-drives Connection Block; 38-slider roller; 41-equipment or goods; 43-latch; 44-hydraulic ram; 45-drive sprocket; 46-latch stay bearing plate.
The specific embodiment
A self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle based on slip with car hoisting device, as shown in Figure 5, comprises chassis 1, subframe 2, be contained on subframe 2 with car hoisting device 7, and pallet 6; Described subframe 2 is provided with guide rail 34 along its length, is positioned at the described of subframe front portion and can moves back and forth along guide rail 34 under the driving of an actuating device with car hoisting device 7.As shown in Figure 4, the described slipping base 16 being contained on described guide rail 34 that comprises with car hoisting device 7, the revolution being contained in this slipping base 16 supports 24, is contained in this revolution and supports the horizontally rotated bearing 25 on 24; On described bearing 25, be hinged with bracing frame 27, on this bracing frame 27, be hinged with folding arm 29, on this folding arm 29, telescopic boom 30 is housed, suspension hook is equipped with in the outer end of described telescopic boom 30; Described folding arm 29 and telescopic boom 30 form telescope structure; Between described bearing 25 and bracing frame 27, be provided with the support cylinder 26 for driving bracing frame 27 to rotate up and down, between support frame as described above 27 and folding arm 29, be provided with the folding arm oil cylinder 28 that drives folding arm 29 to stretch and retract, between described folding arm 29 and telescopic boom 30, be provided with the telescopic oil cylinder 31 that drives the relative folding arm 29 of telescopic boom 30 to stretch out and retract.
As shown in Figure 4, the afterbody of described subframe 2 is provided with telescopic horizontal support legs 22, and the end of this horizontal support legs 22 is provided with telescopic vertical leg 23.On described subframe 2, track adjusting wheel 20 is housed, described pallet 6 bottoms are provided with guide frame.
As a concrete drive form, as shown in figure 14, described actuating device comprises CD-ROM drive motor 19, described in this CD-ROM drive motor 19 drives by sprocket wheel 15,45 and chain 33, with car hoisting device 7, moves back and forth.Certainly, as the feasible drive form of another kind, as shown in figure 15, described actuating device comprises hydraulic ram 44, and the cylinder barrel of this hydraulic ram 44 is connected with car hoisting device 7 with described; Latch stay bearing plate 46 is housed on described subframe, the latch 43 driving with car hoisting device 7 is housed on latch stay bearing plate 46.
The bottom of described slipping base 16 is provided with the driving Connection Block 37 being connected with actuating device, and this driving Connection Block 37, for being connected with the cylinder barrel of chain 33 or hydraulic ram 44, is provided with slider roller 38 between this slipping base 16 and guide rail 34.
During use, self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle of the present utility model has following function:
1) hoisting function:
1, stretch out horizontal support legs 22, stretch out vertical leg 23, leveling subframe 2, under the driving of CD-ROM drive motor 19, is dragged with car hoisting device 7 and from the front portion of subframe 2, is moved on to afterbody along guide rail 34 by chain 33 and sprocket wheel 15,45;
2, under support cylinder 26 and folding arm oil cylinder 28 and telescopic oil cylinder 31 combineds action, drive bracing frame 27, folding arm 29, telescopic boom 30 compound motions, can realize the change pair of suspension hook and hoist, decline, under the driving of revolution support 24, with car hoisting device 7, can do 360 ° of revolutions, thereby realize the hoisting operation in certain scope of work;
3, at slippage chain drive-belt 33, under the combined action of slippage CD-ROM drive motor 19 and sprocket wheel 15,45, the utility model can be realized the slippage of lift heavy straight line, expansion scope of work.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, in Fig. 6, dash area is afterbody lifting operation scope to lift heavy process schematic diagram.
2) self-loading and self-unloading functions:
1, open horizontal support legs 22, Vertical Cylinders 23 hoists, and leveling subframe 2, under the driving of CD-ROM drive motor 19, by the combined action of chain 33 and sprocket wheel 15,45, drag with car hoisting device 7 and slide along guide rail 34, with car hoisting device 7, along the guide rail 34 on subframe 2, do straight line slipping motion, from the front portion of subframe 2, move on to afterbody;
2, support cylinder 26 stretches out, and drives bracing frame 27 to rotate, and folding arm oil cylinder 28 stretches out and drives folding arm 29 to launch, and by drive suspension hook to decline with the compound motion of upper cylinder and arm, and connects with pallet 6.Folding arm oil cylinder 28 continues to stretch out, folding arm 29 drives on pallet 6 one end and rises, until pallet 6 bottoms are higher than guide rail 34 height of subframe 2, now, folding arm oil cylinder 28, support cylinder 26 keep motionless, with car hoisting device 7 under the driving of slippage CD-ROM drive motor 19, by chain 33 and sprocket wheel 15,45, drag with car hoisting device 7, along guide rail 34, move forward, under the support of track adjusting wheel 20, drive pallet 6 to do together straight-line motion, until arrive foremost with the slippage of car hoisting device, pallet is also drawn on whole subframe;
3, support cylinder 26 is retracted, and folding arm oil cylinder 28 is retracted, and puts down pallet 6, until pallet 6 failure-freies are connected with subframe 2, has completed the process that whole pallet 6 loads;
4, said process reverse operating, can realize the unloading operation to Standard pallet, specifically loads schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 8 Fig. 9 and Figure 10.
3) transportation function:
Specified loaded weight=car chassis load transported weight-deduct the equipment weight of chassis and loading, the Standard pallet 6 that can realize loading rated weight goods and materials carries out long distance transportation.
Subframe 2 of the present utility model for being connected and the installation of other annexes of vehicle frame, slide rail 34 supports and guiding for the slippage of slipping base.
In order to increase the rigidity of whole subframe 2, as shown in figure 12, subframe 2 is made the unitized construction of box-structure and channel-section steel.As shown in figure 13, described slipping base is comprised of supporting seat 16, driving Connection Block 37, slider roller 38, and by CD-ROM drive motor 19, sprocket wheel 15,45 and chain 33 drive supporting seat 16 to move with driving being connected of Connection Block 37.
Shown in the drive pattern of supporting seat 16 have two kinds, one is sprocket wheel chain drive pattern, another kind is hydraulic ram drive pattern.
As shown in figure 14, sprocket wheel chain drive pattern is by CD-ROM drive motor 19, drive sprocket 45, chain 33 and driven sprocket 15 form, under the drive of CD-ROM drive motor 19, drive sprocket 45 rotates, drive sprocket 45 drives driven sprocket 15 to rotate by chain 33, thereby drives supporting seat 16 along the guide rail 34 front and back slippages on subframe 2, completes the front and back slippage with car hoisting device.
As shown in figure 15, hydraulic ram drive pattern is comprised of hydraulic ram 44, slipping base 16, latch 43, and with car hoisting device, by the cooperating of hydraulic ram 44 and latch 43, push-and-pull slipping base 16 is along the front and back slippage of subframe guide rail.
Chassis of the present utility model can be carried in 2 axles, on the multi-form transport vehicle chassis such as 3 axles, 4 axles; Similarly, of the present utility modelly with car hoisting device slippage drive form, can be: the various integrated modes that hydraulic ram drives (single-cylinder bolt technology), oil cylinder+pulley+Steel rope drive (telescoping mechanism driver train), chain+reductor to drive and above-mentioned any two classes change.
The content that above-described embodiment is illustrated should be understood to these embodiment only for being illustrated more clearly in the utility model, and be not used in restriction scope of the present utility model, after having read the utility model, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's claims limited range to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device based on slip, comprises chassis (1), subframe (2), be contained on subframe (2) with car hoisting device (7), and pallet (6); Described subframe (2) is provided with guide rail (34) along its length, is positioned at described can the moving back and forth along guide rail (34) under the driving of an actuating device with car hoisting device (7) of subframe (2) front portion; It is characterized in that, the described slipping base (16) being contained on described guide rail (34) that comprises with car hoisting device (7), (24) are supported in the revolution being contained in this slipping base (16), are contained in this revolution and support the horizontally rotated bearing (25) on (24); On described bearing (25), be hinged with bracing frame (27), be hinged with folding arm (29) on this bracing frame (27), telescopic boom (30) is housed on this folding arm (29), suspension hook is equipped with in the outer end of described telescopic boom (30); Described folding arm (29) and telescopic boom (30) composition Collapsible structure; Between described bearing (25) and bracing frame (27), between bracing frame (27) and folding arm (29) and be equipped with driving telescopic oil cylinder between folding arm (29) and telescopic boom (30).
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, the afterbody of described subframe (2) is provided with horizontal support legs (22), the end of this horizontal support legs (22) is provided with telescopic vertical leg (23).
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, described actuating device comprises CD-ROM drive motor (19), described in this CD-ROM drive motor (19) drives by sprocket wheel (15,45) and chain (33), with car hoisting device (7), moves back and forth.
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, described actuating device comprises hydraulic ram (44), the cylinder barrel of this hydraulic ram (44) is connected with car hoisting device (7) with described; Latch stay bearing plate (46) is housed on described subframe (2), on stay bearing plate (46), is equipped with and drives the described latch (43) with car hoisting device (7).
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, described slipping base (16) bottom is provided with the driving Connection Block (37) being connected with actuating device, between this slipping base (16) and guide rail (34), is provided with slider roller (38).
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, described subframe (2) is box-structure or channel-section steel unitized construction.
According to claim 2 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, track adjusting wheel (20) is housed on described subframe (2), and described pallet (6) bottom is provided with guide frame.
According to claim 2 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, described horizontal support legs (22) is telescopic loop bar.
According to claim 1 based on slip the self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle with car hoisting device, it is characterized in that, at least 25% of described telescopic boom (30) length is overlapped on described folding arm (29).
CN201320641141.2U 2013-10-17 2013-10-17 Integrally loading/unloading vehicle based on slippage arm-changing mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN203568720U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103496639A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-08 长沙中联恒通机械有限公司 Overall loading and unloading vehicle based on slidable vehicle -mounted crane
CN104310248A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-28 湖北航天技术研究院总体设计所 Full circle swinging multi-station lifting device
CN105060132A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-18 福建龙合机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional torpedo transporting device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103496639A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-08 长沙中联恒通机械有限公司 Overall loading and unloading vehicle based on slidable vehicle -mounted crane
CN103496639B (en) * 2013-10-17 2016-06-29 长沙中联恒通机械有限公司 A kind of self-contained complete-loading-unloading vehicle based on slip with car hoisting apparatus
CN104310248A (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-01-28 湖北航天技术研究院总体设计所 Full circle swinging multi-station lifting device
CN105060132A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-11-18 福建龙合机械制造有限公司 Multifunctional torpedo transporting device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140430

Termination date: 20171017

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee