CN203554994U - Combined type artificial algal reef - Google Patents

Combined type artificial algal reef Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203554994U
CN203554994U CN201320754299.0U CN201320754299U CN203554994U CN 203554994 U CN203554994 U CN 203554994U CN 201320754299 U CN201320754299 U CN 201320754299U CN 203554994 U CN203554994 U CN 203554994U
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China
Prior art keywords
reef
seedling
solid base
algae
metal framework
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CN201320754299.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建伟
何培民
霍元子
温文科
刘媛媛
吴建勇
陈中伟
贾书磊
杨欣欣
张林慧
吴青
周玲杰
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Shanghai Maritime University
Shanghai Ocean University
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Shanghai Maritime University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model discloses a combined type artificial algal reef. The combined type artificial algal reef comprises an adult algae reef and seedling algae reefs. The adult algae reef comprises a solid base, a metal framework is inlaid on the upper surface of the solid base, the shape and the size of the metal framework are consistent with the shape and the size of the upper surface of the solid base, shell net bags are arranged inside the metal framework, a metal vertical rod is inlaid in the center of the upper surface of the metal framework, a steel ring is welded to the upper end of the vertical rod, a plurality of seedling ropes are fixed between the metal framework and the steel ring, the seedling algae reefs are fastened to the lateral faces of the solid base of the adult algae reef, and alga seedlings are attached to the seedling algae reefs. The combined type artificial algal reef guarantees the attaching effect of alga, shortens the restore cycle of an alga field, improves the success rate of restore and reconstruction of the alga field, and improves the attaching rate of seedlings. The seedling algae reefs are firm and durable, and meanwhile are small, delicate, light and convenient to carry. The net bags made of waste shells are placed inside the metal framework, and a biological affinity reef body can be formed through diffuse and attachment of spores of algae on the seedling ropes. The combined type artificial algal reef achieves resource utilization of the waste shells, and has the advantages of being economical, simple and convenient to use.

Description

A kind of composite artificial algal reef
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of one-tenth algae and transplants the composite artificial algal reef that combines with seedling spatfall.
Background technology
Algae field is the important component part of marine ecosystems, can be that multiple marine organisms provide habitat, lay eggs, raise an infant, forage and keep away enemy's place, to improving around flow field environment, reduce seawater loads of nutrition, suppress red tide plankton, improve the solid carbon ability in ocean etc. and there is important Ecology Action.But, the natural algae of China's offshore field serious degradation since the eighties in last century, mainly result from reclaim fields from the sea, pollution from land-based sources, irrational fish production etc.Therefore, the repair and reconstruction work of algae field is very urgent.The input of artificial algal reef is the important measures of algae field repair and reconstruction, and people have carried out a series of correlative studys for the material of reefs, shape, function etc. in recent years.
The algal reef material generally using at present comprises armored concrete, stone and steel; Shape mostly is box-shaped, cylindrical, triangle etc.; Functional Design concentrates on increases the adhesive ability of the attachment surface of spore, raising marine alga, prevent ingesting of algophagous biology etc.Because the compatibility of concrete and marine alga seedling is lower, so surface is that concrete algal reef seedling adhesive rate is lower; In order to increase the bond area of spore, most algal reefs are designed to cylindrical or box that volume is very large and are not easy to carrying, and most of algal reef is still the form that adopts single seedling to adhere to or becomes algae transplanting, lower to repair and reconstruction efficiency and the success rate of algae field.
Utility model content
In order to solve above-mentioned prior art problem, the utility model provides a kind of composite artificial algal reef, comprise into algal reef and seedling reef, described one-tenth algal reef comprises solid base and some seedling ropes, described seedling reef is the some blocks that are attached on algal reef, on described seedling reef, with marine alga seedling, described seedling reef is fastened on on algal reef.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked is as follows:
A kind of composite artificial algal reef, comprise into algal reef and seedling reef, described one-tenth algal reef comprises a solid base, solid base upper surface is inlayed the metal framework that a shape is identical with upper surface with size, is provided with shell mesh bag in metal framework, and a metal stud is inlayed in upper surface center, a steel loop is welded in vertical rod upper end, between metal framework and steel loop, fix some seedling ropes, described seedling reef is fastened on into the side of algal reef solid base, has marine alga seedling on seedling reef.
Described solid base is three terrace with edges, truncated rectangular pyramids or many terrace with edges, and described seedling reef is the prismatoid consistent with solid base side size and shape.
Described solid base side is with bolt, and described seedling reef fairway has the centre bore corresponding with bolt position, and seedling reef is by the described solid base side that is bolted to.
The embedded pvc pipe of centre bore of described seedling reef.
Described seedling reef surface is inlaid with shell.
On described seedling rope, accompany marine alga.
Described solid base and seedling reef all have concreting to form.
The utility model adopts seedling to adhere to becoming algae and transplants the form combining, and utilizes seedling reef to adhere to seedling and seedling rope clamp seedling is migrated to algae, has guaranteed the adhesion effect of marine alga, shortened the repairing efficiency of sea jungle, has improved algae field and has repaired and the success rate of reconstruction; Utilize the shell higher with marine alga compatibility to be embedded in reefs surface, increased the adhesive rate of seedling; The form that adopts seedling reef and the base that plays fixation to separate, seedling reef is screwed on base, firm, durable, and carrying is convenient in the small volume and less weight of seedling reef; The mesh bag that utilizes discarded shell to make is put into metal framework, and the spore release by frond on seedling rope can form one's own physical property reefs with adhering to.The recycling of discarded shell, has economy, easy feature, and the shell of oyster and mussel takes from naturally, is good biological attachment base.
The utility model utilizes the space between shellfish rough surface, loose structure and shell, for microorganism, food organisms etc. provides good habitat, also can provide suitable environment for marine alga takes root, and finally forms the habitat of fish, shellfish.When marine alga breeds to a certain extent, can produce a large amount of oxygen, reduce carbonic acid gas, playing purifies water prevents the effect that red tide occurs, to promote the reply of benthon resource and the marine eco-environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram after the assembling of the utility model composite artificial algal reef.
Fig. 2 is that the utility model composite artificial algal reef becomes algal reef schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the utility model composite artificial algal reef seedling reef schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model composite artificial algal reef shell mesh bag schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
Referring to Fig. 1-4,
Composite artificial algal reef of the present utility model, comprise into algal reef and seedling reef, become algal reef to comprise a truncated rectangular pyramids solid base 100, solid base upper surface is inlayed the metal framework 200 that a shape is identical with upper surface with size, shell mesh bag 300 is put in metal framework, for spore provides good adhesive substrate, and provide habitat for benthon.A metal stud 400 is inlayed in solid base upper surface center, and a steel loop 500 is welded on Metallic rod top, and seedling rope 600 one end are fixed on steel loop, and the other end is fixed on metal framework, evenly distributed radially, is fixed with marine alga 601 on seedling rope.Seedling reef 700 is fastened on into the side of algal reef solid base, and seedling reef surface is inlaid with shell 701, has marine alga seedling on seedling reef.Seedling reef adopts prismatoid structure, can fit with the each side of four sides terrace with edge.Base lateral vertical is fixed a protruding bolt 101, and seedling reef arranges a centre bore 702, and corresponding with the protruding bolt that base is fixing, seedling reef is fixed on solid base side by bolt and nut.For convenience of seedling reef, by centre bore, be connected with the bolt on base, centre bore is embedded with pvc pipe.
Solid base and seedling reef all have concreting to form.Seedling reef is immersed in the nursery pond that contains marine alga reproductive cell, treat that marine alga reproductive cell is successfully attached on seedling reef, grow up to seedling, then by nut, seedling reef is fixed on truncated rectangular pyramids base.On the seedling rope of one-tenth algal reef, fix marine alga and become algae, then can render to seabed.Above-mentioned composite artificial algal reef is set on a large scale, thereby forms artificial algal reef field.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, but the utility model should not be confined to the disclosed content of this embodiment.So every, do not depart from the equivalence completing under principle disclosed in the utility model or revise, all falling into the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (7)

1. a composite artificial algal reef, comprise into algal reef and seedling reef, it is characterized in that, described one-tenth algal reef comprises a solid base, and solid base upper surface is inlayed the metal framework that a shape is identical with upper surface with size, in metal framework, be provided with shell mesh bag, a metal stud is inlayed in upper surface center, and a steel loop is welded in vertical rod upper end, fixes some seedling ropes between metal framework and steel loop, described seedling reef is fastened on into the side of algal reef solid base, has marine alga seedling on seedling reef.
2. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described solid base is three terrace with edges, truncated rectangular pyramids or many terrace with edges, and described seedling reef is the prismatoid consistent with solid base side size and shape.
3. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described solid base side is with bolt, and described seedling reef fairway has the centre bore corresponding with bolt position, and seedling reef is by the described solid base side that is bolted to.
4. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the embedded pvc pipe of centre bore of described seedling reef.
5. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described seedling reef surface is inlaid with shell.
6. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, on described seedling rope, accompanies marine alga.
7. composite artificial algal reef according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described solid base and seedling reef all have concreting to form.
CN201320754299.0U 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Combined type artificial algal reef Active CN203554994U (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103609424A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 上海海洋大学 Composite type artificial algal reef
CN104429896A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Algae reproduction device
CN104429907A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Vertically serial algal reef
CN104429904A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Manually-put algal reef device
CN104429882A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Pre-seedling-growing algae cultivation assembly
CN105028247A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Preying-facilitated artificial reef
CN105028243A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Smooth artificial fish reef structure
CN105028255A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Marine organism breeding facilitating reef
CN105075926A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 A multifunctional biological multiplication assisting base
CN106417134A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-22 宁波市海洋与渔业研究院 Method for constructing hull reef by means of mytilus coruscus
CN107593417A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-19 中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所 Marine alga enhancement releasing equipment and marine alga enhancement releasing method

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103609424B (en) * 2013-11-25 2016-04-06 上海海洋大学 A kind of composite type artificial algal reef
CN103609424A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-05 上海海洋大学 Composite type artificial algal reef
CN104429907A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Vertically serial algal reef
CN104429904A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Manually-put algal reef device
CN104429882A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Pre-seedling-growing algae cultivation assembly
CN104429904B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-08-24 浙江海洋学院 A kind of marine alga reef device of artificial input
CN104429907B (en) * 2014-05-15 2016-06-29 浙江海洋学院 Vertical serially connected Sargassum reef
CN104429896A (en) * 2014-05-15 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Algae reproduction device
CN105028255A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Marine organism breeding facilitating reef
CN105075926A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-25 浙江海洋学院 A multifunctional biological multiplication assisting base
CN105028243A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Smooth artificial fish reef structure
CN105028247A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-11-11 浙江海洋学院 Preying-facilitated artificial reef
CN106417134A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-22 宁波市海洋与渔业研究院 Method for constructing hull reef by means of mytilus coruscus
CN107593417A (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-01-19 中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所 Marine alga enhancement releasing equipment and marine alga enhancement releasing method

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