CN204350819U - The water surface produces algae scaffold - Google Patents

The water surface produces algae scaffold Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204350819U
CN204350819U CN201420753399.6U CN201420753399U CN204350819U CN 204350819 U CN204350819 U CN 204350819U CN 201420753399 U CN201420753399 U CN 201420753399U CN 204350819 U CN204350819 U CN 204350819U
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China
Prior art keywords
algal reef
piston body
rope
vertical sleeve
bracing frame
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CN201420753399.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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毕耜瑶
俞存根
夏陆军
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

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  • Artificial Fish Reefs (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of water surface and produce algae scaffold, aim to provide one and can not only control the reefs suspension degree of depth, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or the middle lower floor artificial constructed water surface that carries out breeding produce algae scaffold.It comprises buoyant device, main body rod member, some algal reef supporters and connecting rope; Algal reef supporter comprises hemispherical bracing frame, and cover and some algal reef attachment matrixs be arranged on hemispherical bracing frame are found in the connection be fixed in the middle part of hemispherical bracing frame, and each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame respectively by installing rope; One end of main body rod member is provided with positive stop, and the other end is provided with screw thread and screw thread is provided with locking nut; Each algal reef supporter is set on main body rod member respectively by the vertical cover of connection, described main body rod member and each algal reef supporter are suspended on below buoyant device by connecting rope, one end of connecting rope is connected with buoyant device, and the other end is connected with the main body Rod end near locking nut.

Description

The water surface produces algae scaffold
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of artificial algal reef, is specifically related to a kind of water surface thrown in coastal marine site and produces algae scaffold.
Background technology
Artificial algal reef is the artificial reef body of breeding algae specially, be people for being arranged in waters, for marine algae provides the place of growth and breeding; Thus attract the aquatic animals such as fishes and shrimps to carry out forage to algae field, breed, and to reach optimization environments such as subsea, the object of protection, propagation fishery resources; And algae is in process of growth; the organic substance of N, P synthesis self in water can be absorbed by photosynthesis; and discharge oxygen; reduce N, P concentration of water body; water purifying environment, can prevent and administer the eutrophication in waters with can be saved. and improve water area ecological environment, restrain " red tide " outburst; absorb heavy metal ion, protect the marine environment.On the other hand, the economic worth that sea jungle is created is very large, and marine alga itself has industry, edible, medical value.
Current artificial algal reef mostly is sinking type algal reef, will sink down into seabed after namely algal reef renders to marine site, can only build algae field in seabed; And cannot utilize middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed, thus how to utilize further middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed, to water purifying environment, improving water area ecological environment is significantly.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN202680165U, publication date on January 23rd, 2013, the name that utility model is created is called a kind of reefs transplanted for marine alga, comprise reinforcing bar base and algal reef matrix two parts, described reinforcing bar base and algal reef matrix are Split type structure, and described algal reef matrix is the domed shape be made up of concrete material, described reinforcing bar base is connected with in the middle of algal reef matrix by the vertical joints on it, and described algal reef matrix is provided with the preformed hole for placing little reef segment.The reefs for marine alga transplanting of this application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN102657072A, publication date on September 12nd, 2012, the name that utility model is created is called a kind of fixing means of artificial graft's algal reef, and the method comprises the following steps, with the impact drilling in the natural cay matrix in object sea area; By coupling assembling, the artificial algal reef of all size and shape is fixed in nature cay matrix.This application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN103609424A, publication date on March 25th, 2014, the name that utility model is created is called a kind of composite type artificial algal reef, comprise into algal reef and seedling reef, described one-tenth algal reef comprises a solid base, solid base upper surface inlays the shape metal framework identical with upper surface with size, shell mesh bag is provided with in metal framework, a metal stud is inlayed in upper surface center, a steel loop is welded in vertical rod upper end, some seedling ropes are fixed between metal framework and steel loop, described seedling reef is fastened on into the side of algal reef solid base, with marine alga seedling on seedling reef.The artificial algal reef of this application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Utility model content
First object of the present utility model mostly is sinking type algal reef to overcome artificial algal reef of the prior art, cannot utilize middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed, there is provided one can control the algal reef suspension degree of depth, make full use of middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor carry out the water surface of breeding and produce algae scaffold.
The utility model another object on the first object basis because wave fluctuation is comparatively large, suspension reefs is fluctuated acutely, and the water surface causing the marine alga that algal reef adheres to be destroyed produces algae scaffold in order to effectively avoid.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of water surface produces algae scaffold and comprises buoyant device, main body rod member, some algal reef supporters and connecting rope; Described algal reef supporter comprises hemispherical bracing frame, cover and some algal reef attachment matrixs be arranged on hemispherical bracing frame are found in the connection be fixed in the middle part of hemispherical bracing frame, each algal reef attachment matrix is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole, and being respectively equipped with installing rope in wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame respectively by installing rope; The lower end that cover is found in described connection is positioned at the below of hemispherical bracing frame, and the upper end connecting vertical cover is positioned at the top of hemispherical bracing frame; One end of described main body rod member is provided with positive stop, and the other end is provided with screw thread and screw thread is provided with locking nut; Each algal reef supporter is set on main body rod member respectively by the vertical cover of connection, and each algal reef supporter distributes successively along main body rod member; Described main body rod member and each algal reef supporter are suspended on below buoyant device by connecting rope, and one end of connecting rope is connected with buoyant device, and the other end is connected with the main body Rod end near locking nut; Described buoyant device comprises gasbag and central vertical sleeve, the vertical sleeve of described central authorities is arranged on the middle part in gasbag, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and be positioned at outside gasbag, be tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities; The top of the vertical sleeve of described central authorities, be positioned at the Chu Shengxiang being provided with upper end open above gasbag, be placed with lifting rope and float in this storage rope case, and float is positioned at the top of lifting rope, one end of described lifting rope is fixed on float, and the other end is fixed on bottom storage rope case.
The algal reef supporter of this programme is suspended in waters by buoyant device, and the degree of depth that can hang by regulating the length of connecting rope control algal reef supporter, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed, make full use of water area resource.
On the other hand, algal reef administrative staff are running into strong wind early warning, when may there is the billow of more than 5,6 grades in sea, gas in gasbag can be discharged by algal reef administrative staff in advance, thus make buoyant device and algal reef supporter sink to seabed, thus effectively avoid, because wave fluctuation is comparatively large, suspension reefs is fluctuated acutely, and causing the marine alga that algal reef adheres to be destroyed.When in the process that algal reef supporter sinks, drive lifting rope together floats by the float of this programme; Like this after wave is decorporated, algal reef administrative staff can easily by lifting rope by buoyant device, algal reef supporter and on marine alga together pull-up, and again to inflate in gasbag, whole algal reef swum in marine site again, thus recover algae field.
As preferably, algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, and algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.Because algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, foam concrete not only quality is light, and has a large amount of holes; Thus algal reef attachment matrix is extremely conducive to algae attachment; Further algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells, its coarse holdfast being easy to algae is held, presses close to ecosystem, make the easier set of algae strain and breeding.
As preferably, algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame, and on each algal reef attachment matrix, on a side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame, be attached with the marine alga seedling of artificial culture.Algal reef supporter due to this programme is the hemispherical bracing frame toward lower recess, and algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame; The hemispherical supporting construction of depression can build metastable subenvironment, is conducive to shellfish algae and multiplies and lives, and just inoculates corresponding shellfish algae and other biology, contribute to the species abundance that increases sharply before also can dropping into marine usage.On the other hand, the hemispherical supporting construction of depression can increase the long-pending availability of unit seawater surface, and algae strain is in concave surface surface thereof or the three-dimensional set of vertical elevation, imitates the environment of precipitous seabed cay, is conducive to the growth of marine alga.
As preferably, be provided with annular protrusion in the middle part of storage rope case medial surface, and the storage rope case be positioned at above annular protrusion is the taper casing that cross section increases gradually from bottom to top, described float is truncated cone-shaped, and float is placed in the taper casing above annular protrusion, and envelope hides taper casing upper port.The float of this programme not only as the generator of buoyancy, but also can use as upper cover, avoids lifting rope to be exposed to the weather.
As preferably, taper tank floor is provided with some osculums.
As preferably, buoyant device also comprises being arranged on keeps away unrestrained fuze mechanism in central vertical sleeve, and the vertical sleeve of described central authorities cylindrically, and close by the upper/lower terminal of central vertical sleeve; Describedly keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism and comprise the upper piston body, the lower piston body that are arranged in central vertical sleeve that can slide along central authorities vertical sleeves, connect the connecting rod of upper and lower two-piston body, coaxially be arranged on the leading-off rods on lower piston body, be arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the inner vent be connected with gasbag and being arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the outer vent be positioned at above gasbag; On the vertical sleeve medial surface of described central authorities, be positioned at below lower piston body and be provided with spacing block set, described leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods is toward downward-extension, and through central vertical sleeve lower surface, be positioned at outside central vertical sleeve; Described leading-off rods is arranged with and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against the first Compress Spring of the vertical sleeve inner top surface of central authorities; The spacing between upper and lower two-piston body is less than along central vertical quill spacing upwards between described inside and outside two air vents, and when the lower end abutment of piston body is on spacing block set instantly, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body; When upper piston body sleeve inner top surface vertical against central authorities, inside and outside two air vents are all between upper and lower two-piston body; The described connecting rope end winding support be connected with buoyant device is in the lower end of leading-off rods.
This programme keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism when wave is larger, such as there are 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2 ~ 6 meters), now under the effect of wave buoyant device by drive algal reef supporter and on the upper and lower big ups and downs of marine alga, cause that the marine alga that algal reef supporter adheres to is torn, destruction etc.; And the algal reef of this programme is when wave is larger, keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism the gas fraction in gasbag to be discharged, the buoyancy of buoyant device is made to be less than the gravity sum of buoyant device and each algal reef supporter, buoyant device and each algal reef supporter are sunk to seabed, thus effectively avoid because wave fluctuation is larger, the algal reef supporter suspended is fluctuated acutely, and causes the marine alga that algal reef supporter adheres to be destroyed.
As preferably, the top of gasbag is provided with charging connector.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
One, the degree of depth that can hang by regulating the length of connecting rope control algal reef supporter, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed, make full use of water area resource.
Its two, effectively can avoid, because wave fluctuation is comparatively large, suspension reefs being fluctuated acutely, and cause marine alga that algal reef adheres to destroyed.
Its three, metastable subenvironment can be built, be conducive to shellfish algae and multiply and live; And the availability that unit seawater surface is long-pending can be increased, imitate the environment of precipitous seabed cay, be conducive to the growth of marine alga.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation that the water surface of the present utility model produces algae scaffold.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of algal reef supporter of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of algal reef of the present utility model attachment matrix.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of the buoyant device in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is that the water surface of the present utility model produces algae scaffold at a kind of structural representation running into a certain state in Wave Processes.
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation of the buoyant device in Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram that the water surface of the present utility model produces that algae scaffold renders to a kind of practical application behind marine site.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that the water surface of the present utility model produces that algae scaffold renders to the another kind of practical application behind marine site.
In figure: buoyant device 1; The vertical sleeve 2 of central authorities; Gasbag 3, charging connector 31; Connecting rope 4; Storage rope case 5, lifting rope 51, float 52; Main body rod member 6, locking nut 61, positive stop 62; Algal reef supporter 7, hemispherical bracing frame 71, connects vertical cover 72, algal reef attachment matrix 73, wire rope handling through hole 74; Keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism 8, outer vent 81, upper piston body 82, inner vent 83, connecting rod 84, lower piston body 85, spacing block set 86, the first Compress Spring 87, leading-off rods 88; Spud pile 11; Pull rope 12; Connect buoyancy aid 13; Anchor line 14; Anchor 15.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, a kind of water surface product algae scaffold comprises buoyant device 1, main body rod member 6, some algal reef supporters 7 and connecting rope 4.Algal reef supporter in the present embodiment is 3.Algal reef supporter comprises hemispherical bracing frame 71, and cover 72 and some algal reef attachment matrixs 73 be arranged on hemispherical bracing frame are found in the connection be fixed in the middle part of hemispherical bracing frame.Algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete.Algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.Algal reef attachment matrix is regular polygon, and as equilateral triangle, square, regular pentagon, regular hexagon etc., the algal reef attachment matrix in the present embodiment is regular hexagon etc.Each algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame.Each algal reef attachment matrix is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole 74 and is respectively equipped with installing rope in wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix.Each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame respectively by installing rope, and namely each algal reef attachment matrix bundlees respectively by installing rope, is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame.Each algal reef adheres on matrix, on a side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame, is attached with the marine alga seedling of artificial culture.The lower end connecting vertical cover is positioned at the below of hemispherical bracing frame, and the upper end connecting vertical cover is positioned at the top of hemispherical bracing frame.One end (i.e. upper end) of main body rod member is provided with positive stop 62, and the other end (i.e. lower end) is provided with screw thread and screw thread is provided with locking nut 61.Each algal reef supporter is set on main body rod member respectively by the vertical cover of connection, and each algal reef supporter distributes successively along main body rod member.The positive stop direction of half and half spherical support frame all towards main body rod member is protruding.Main body rod member and each algal reef supporter are suspended on below buoyant device by connecting rope.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, buoyant device 1 comprises gasbag 3, central vertical sleeve 2 and be arranged on and keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism 8 in central vertical sleeve.The top of gasbag is provided with charging connector 31.The vertical sleeve of central authorities is arranged on the middle part in gasbag, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and is positioned at outside gasbag.Be tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities.Central authorities vertical sleeve cylindrically, and the upper/lower terminal of central vertical sleeve close.
Central authorities vertical sleeve top, be positioned at the storage rope case 5 being provided with upper end open above gasbag.Be placed with lifting rope 51 and float 52 in this storage rope case, and float is positioned at the top of lifting rope.The buoyancy of float is greater than the gravity of lifting rope.Lifting rope is the high strength rope of lighter weight; Such as, high-strength nylon rope, the regular tenacity of 0.5 millimeter to 2 millimeters or the steel wire etc. of higher-strength; And the surface of this lifting rope is coated with waterproof coating.Be provided with annular protrusion in the middle part of storage rope case medial surface, and the storage rope case be positioned at above annular protrusion is the taper casing that cross section increases gradually from bottom to top.Float is truncated cone-shaped, and float is placed in the taper casing above annular protrusion, and envelope hides taper casing upper port.Taper tank floor is provided with some osculums.One end of lifting rope is fixed on float, and the other end is fixed on bottom storage rope case.
Keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism 8 and comprise the upper piston body 82, the lower piston body 85 that are arranged in central vertical sleeve that can slide along the vertical sleeve of central authorities, connect the connecting rod 84 of upper and lower two-piston body, coaxially be arranged on the leading-off rods 88 on lower piston body, be arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the inner vent 83 be connected with gasbag and being arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the outer vent 81 be positioned at above gasbag.Outer vent is through hole.Upper piston body and lower piston body side surface are respectively equipped with sealing ring.On the vertical sleeve medial surface of central authorities, be positioned at below lower piston body and be provided with spacing block set 86.Leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods is toward downward-extension, and through central vertical sleeve lower surface, be positioned at outside central vertical sleeve.The lower surface of the vertical sleeve of central authorities is provided with the excessively rod through-hole corresponding with leading-off rods.The lower end of leading-off rods was passed rod through-hole and was positioned at below central vertical sleeve.Leading-off rods is arranged with and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against the first Compress Spring 87 of the vertical sleeve inner top surface of central authorities.First Compress Spring is between the vertical sleeve inner bottom surface of lower piston body and central authorities, and the upper end of the first Compress Spring is resisted against on lower piston body, and lower end abutment is on the vertical sleeve inner bottom surface of central authorities.The spacing between upper and lower two-piston body is less than along central vertical quill spacing upwards between inside and outside two air vents.Instantly, when the lower end abutment of piston body is on spacing block set, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body; When upper piston body sleeve inner top surface vertical against central authorities, inside and outside two air vents are all between upper and lower two-piston body.
As shown in Figure 1, one end of connecting rope 4 is connected with buoyant device, and the other end is connected with the main body Rod end near locking nut, and the connecting rope end winding support be connected with buoyant device is in the lower end of leading-off rods; One end (i.e. upper end) of connecting rope is connected with the lower end of leading-off rods, and the other end (i.e. lower end) is connected with the main body Rod end near locking nut.When each algal reef supporter is suspended on below buoyant device, the lower end abutment of lower piston body is on limited block.The buoyancy of buoyant device is greater than the gravity sum of buoyant device, connecting rope, main body rod member and each algal reef supporter.
The embody rule process that the water surface of the present utility model produces algae scaffold is as follows:
The first, as shown in Figure 1, the whole water surface is produced algae scaffold and transfers in waters, by buoyant device 1 and connecting rope 4, main body rod member and each algal reef supporter 7 are suspended in waters; And the degree of depth that can hang by regulating the length of connecting rope control algal reef supporter, utilize middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed.It is in the marine site of 20 to 100 meters that algal reef in the present embodiment is applicable to throw in the degree of depth, and wherein, the length of connecting rope is generally between 10 to 50 meters; The length of lifting rope is greater than the degree of depth in marine site.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, when algal reef of the present utility model is transferred to after in waters, when sea (wave is less) of calmness, under the Action of Gravity Field of algal reef supporter 7, connecting rope is in exceptionally straight state, now, the gravity of algal reef supporter 7 will be applied on upper and lower piston body 82,85 by connecting rope 4, thus overcome the reset force of the first Compress Spring 87, make the lower end abutment of lower piston body on limited block 86; Now, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body; Gas in gasbag 3 can not be got rid of, thus ensures that algal reef of the present utility model is suspended in marine site, utilize middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breed.
As shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, when running into wave and being larger, such as, there are 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2 ~ 6 meters); Because buoyant device 1 is across the sea floating, buoyant device together will fluctuate up and down with the fluctuation of wave; When buoyant device up moves with the fluctuation of wave, buoyant device will drive main body rod member and each algal reef supporter 7 together up to move by connecting rope 4; When buoyant device up moves to extreme higher position with wave, and toward when moving down with wave, main body rod member and each algal reef supporter probably also move in continuation under effect of inertia, until algal reef supporter peaks (in the segment distance that buoyant device down floats with wave, algal reef supporter moves on all may continuing, spacing between such buoyant device 1 and main body rod member upper end will be less than the length of connecting rope 4, and the fluctuating range of spacing between the larger buoyant device of wave and main body rod member upper end can be larger); Thus the gravity of each algal reef supporter 7 cannot be applied on upper and lower piston body by connecting rope 4 in this process, upper and lower piston body 82,85 will be promoted under the effect of now the first Compress Spring 87 up to move, when inside and outside two air vents 81,83 are all between upper and lower two-piston body, portion gas in gasbag 3 will be discharged by inside and outside two air vents, make the buoyancy of buoyant device be less than the gravity sum of buoyant device and each algal reef supporter; Now, buoyant device 1 and each algal reef supporter 7 will sink to seabed, thus effectively avoid, because wave fluctuation is comparatively large, each algal reef supporter is fluctuated acutely, and causing the marine alga that each algal reef supporter adheres to be destroyed.
The water surface of the present utility model produce the lower end abutment of algae scaffold at lower piston body on spacing block set after, the large young pathbreaker of spacing between outer vent now and upper piston body determines that this programme algal reef is when running into great wave, keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism the portion gas in gasbag to be discharged, buoyant device and algal reef supporter are sunk.As shown in Figure 6, after the lower end abutment of lower piston body 85 is on spacing block set 86, spacing between outer vent 83 and upper piston body 82 is larger, then " the first Compress Spring 87 promotes upper and lower piston body and up moves, until inside and outside two air vents are all between upper and lower two-piston body "---the time needed for this process is longer; This has enough large fluctuating range (namely the difference of the length of connecting rope and the spacing between buoyant device and main body rod member upper end is enough large) with regard to needing the spacing between buoyant device and main body rod member upper end; Thus after the lower end abutment of lower piston body is on spacing block set, the spacing between outer vent and upper piston body is larger, then need larger wave fluctuating range can make to keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism and discharged by the portion gas in gasbag.
When running into little wave, although the spacing between buoyant device and main body rod member upper end may now fluctuate (spacing namely between buoyant device and main body rod member upper end will be less than the length of connecting rope), first Compress Spring is promoted, lower piston body up moves, but it is not when upper piston body also up crosses outer vent, and (outer vent is not also positioned at, between two lower piston bodies), each algal reef supporter sinks, the gravity of algal reef supporter will be applied to by connecting rope again, on lower piston body, overcome the reset force of the first Compress Spring, make, lower piston body moves down, that is when running into little wave, it is not enough to make to keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism and is discharged by the portion gas in gasbag, thus after the lower end abutment of lower piston body is on spacing block set, this programme can decide this programme algal reef when running into great wave by the spacing size controlled between outer vent and upper piston body, and keeping away unrestrained fuze mechanism can discharge the portion gas in gasbag, buoyant device and algal reef supporter are sunk.In general, when running into 5 grades of billows, 6 grades billow (wave height 2 ~ 6 meters), algal reef supporter, by violent the fluctuating of generation, causes the marine alga that algal reef supporter adheres to be destroyed; Thus, when running into 5 grades of billows, 6 grades billow (wave height 2 ~ 6 meters), the unrestrained fuze mechanism of keeping away of this programme can by the portion gas discharge in gasbag; Buoyant device and algal reef supporter are sunk.
When in the process that algal reef supporter sinks, drive lifting rope together floats by the float of this programme; Like this after wave is decorporated, algal reef administrative staff can easily by lifting rope by buoyant device, algal reef supporter and on marine alga together pull-up, and again to inflate in gasbag, whole algal reef swum in marine site again, thus recover algae field.
As shown in Figure 7, transfer to after in waters when the water surface of the present utility model produces algae scaffold, can respectively by pull rope 12 by each algal reef of the present utility model be preset in marine site or the spud pile 11 of near shore is connected; Pull rope one end and the vertical sleeve connection of central authorities be positioned at below gasbag, the other end is connected with spud pile.Pull rope is evenly distributed with some buoyant spheres.Spud pile is be fixed in marine site or the spud pile of near shore.Spud pile can with each algal reef one_to_one corresponding, also can some each algal reefs corresponding with a spud pile;
As shown in Figure 8, transfer to after in waters when the water surface of the present utility model produces algae scaffold, by sinker formula method, algal reef of the present utility model can also be limited in a certain marine site.This sinker formula method comprises floating connection buoyancy aid 13 across the sea, anchor 15, anchor line 14 and pull rope 12; Wherein anchor sinks to seabed, and anchor line connects anchor and is connected buoyancy aid; Pull rope one end be connected buoyancy aid and be connected, the other end and the vertical sleeve connection of central authorities be positioned at below gasbag.
When algal reef of the present utility model is transferred to after in waters, algal reef of the present utility model can also be limited in a certain marine site by another kind of sinker formula method; Be fixed on bottom algal reef supporter by anchor line or be fixed in the vertical cartridges sides of central authorities below gasbag, and anchor is sunk to seabed, and the length of anchor line is greater than the spacing in algal reef supporter and seabed.

Claims (7)

1. the water surface produces an algae scaffold, it is characterized in that, comprises buoyant device (1), main body rod member (6), some algal reef supporters (7) and connecting rope (4); Described algal reef supporter comprises hemispherical bracing frame (71), be fixed on the vertical cover (72) of connection in the middle part of hemispherical bracing frame and some algal reefs attachment matrix (73) be arranged on hemispherical bracing frame, each algal reef attachment matrix is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole (74), and being respectively equipped with installing rope in wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame respectively by installing rope; The lower end that cover is found in described connection is positioned at the below of hemispherical bracing frame, and the upper end connecting vertical cover is positioned at the top of hemispherical bracing frame; One end of described main body rod member is provided with positive stop (62), and the other end is provided with screw thread and screw thread is provided with locking nut (61); Each algal reef supporter is set on main body rod member respectively by the vertical cover (72) of connection, and each algal reef supporter distributes successively along main body rod member; Described main body rod member and each algal reef supporter are suspended on below buoyant device by connecting rope, and one end of connecting rope is connected with buoyant device, and the other end is connected with the main body Rod end near locking nut;
Described buoyant device comprises gasbag (3) and central vertical sleeve (2), the vertical sleeve of described central authorities is arranged on the middle part in gasbag, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and be positioned at outside gasbag, be tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities; The top of the vertical sleeve of described central authorities, be positioned at the Chu Shengxiang (5) being provided with upper end open above gasbag, lifting rope (51) and float (52) is placed with in this storage rope case, and float is positioned at the top of lifting rope, one end of described lifting rope is fixed on float, and the other end is fixed on bottom storage rope case.
2. the water surface according to claim 1 produces algae scaffold, it is characterized in that, described algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, and algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.
3. the water surface according to claim 1 produces algae scaffold, it is characterized in that, described algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame, and each algal reef adheres on matrix, on a side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame, is attached with the marine alga seedling of artificial culture.
4. the water surface according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 produces algae scaffold, it is characterized in that, annular protrusion is provided with in the middle part of described storage rope case medial surface, and the storage rope case be positioned at above annular protrusion is the taper casing that cross section increases from bottom to top gradually, described float is truncated cone-shaped, and float is placed in the taper casing above annular protrusion, and envelope hides taper casing upper port.
5. the water surface according to claim 4 produces algae scaffold, and it is characterized in that, described taper tank floor is provided with some osculums.
6. the water surface according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 produces algae scaffold, it is characterized in that, described buoyant device also comprises being arranged on keeps away unrestrained fuze mechanism (8) in central vertical sleeve, and the vertical sleeve of described central authorities cylindrically, and close by the upper/lower terminal of central vertical sleeve; Describedly keep away unrestrained fuze mechanism and comprise the upper piston body (82), the lower piston body (85) that are arranged in central vertical sleeve that can slide along central authorities vertical sleeves, connect the connecting rod (84) of upper and lower two-piston body, coaxially be arranged on the leading-off rods (88) on lower piston body, be arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the inner vent (83) be connected with gasbag and being arranged on central vertical sleeve medial surface and the outer vent (81) be positioned at above gasbag; On the vertical sleeve medial surface of described central authorities, be positioned at below lower piston body and be provided with spacing block set (86), described leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods is toward downward-extension, and through central vertical sleeve lower surface, be positioned at outside central vertical sleeve; Described leading-off rods is arranged with and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against first Compress Spring (87) of the vertical sleeve inner top surface of central authorities; The spacing between upper and lower two-piston body is less than along central vertical quill spacing upwards between described inside and outside two air vents, and when the lower end abutment of piston body is on spacing block set instantly, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body; When upper piston body sleeve inner top surface vertical against central authorities, inside and outside two air vents are all between upper and lower two-piston body; The described connecting rope end winding support be connected with buoyant device is in the lower end of leading-off rods.
7. the water surface according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 produces algae scaffold, and it is characterized in that, the top of described gasbag is provided with charging connector.
CN201420753399.6U 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 The water surface produces algae scaffold Expired - Fee Related CN204350819U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108287008A (en) * 2017-01-09 2018-07-17 沈阳市长庆电力电器有限公司 A kind of oil level indicator floating ball

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108287008A (en) * 2017-01-09 2018-07-17 沈阳市长庆电力电器有限公司 A kind of oil level indicator floating ball

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