CN104429895B - A kind of marine ecology reef - Google Patents

A kind of marine ecology reef Download PDF

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CN104429895B
CN104429895B CN201410207150.XA CN201410207150A CN104429895B CN 104429895 B CN104429895 B CN 104429895B CN 201410207150 A CN201410207150 A CN 201410207150A CN 104429895 B CN104429895 B CN 104429895B
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algal reef
piston body
vertical sleeve
reef
rope
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CN104429895A (en
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俞存根
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of marine ecology reef, it is desirable to provide one can not only control the reefs suspension degree of depth, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, effectively repair, improve the marine ecology reef of Offshore Ecology environment.It includes buoyant device and by connecting rope suspensions algal reef supporter below buoyant device, described algal reef supporter includes the hemispherical bracing frame toward lower recess and some algal reef attachment matrixs being arranged on hemispherical bracing frame, it is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, and in the wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, it being respectively equipped with installing rope, each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame by installing rope respectively.

Description

A kind of marine ecology reef
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of artificial algal reef, be specifically related to a kind of marine ecology reef thrown in coastal marine site.
Background technology
Artificial algal reef is the artificial reef body breeding algae specially, is artificially to be arranged in waters, provides the place of growth and breeding for marine algae;Thus attract the aquatic animals such as fish and shrimp to carry out forage to algae field, breed, to reach to optimize environments such as subsea, protect, breed the purpose of fishery resources;And algae is in growth course; the organic substance of N, P synthesis in water self can be absorbed by photosynthesis; and discharge oxygen; reduce N, P concentration of water body; water purifying environment, it is possible to prevent and administer the eutrophication in waters with can be saved. improve water area ecological environment, restrain " red tide " outburst; absorb heavy metal ion, protect the marine environment.On the other hand, the economic worth that sea jungle is created is very big, and Sargassum itself has industry, edible, medical value.
Current artificial algal reef mostly is sinking type algal reef, will sink down into seabed after i.e. algal reef renders to marine site, can only build algae field in seabed;And middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds cannot be utilized, thus how further with middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, to water purifying environment, repairing, improving water area ecological environment is significantly.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN202680165U, publication date on January 23rd, 2013, entitled a kind of reefs transplanted for Sargassum of innovation and creation, including reinforcing bar base and algal reef matrix two parts, described reinforcing bar base and algal reef matrix are Split type structure, and described algal reef matrix is the domed shape being made up of concrete material, described reinforcing bar base is connected in the middle of algal reef matrix by vertical joints thereon, and described algal reef matrix is provided with the preformed hole for placing little reef segment.The reefs for Sargassum transplanting of this application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN102657072A, publication date JIUYUE in 2012 12 days, the fixing means of entitled a kind of artificial graft's algal reef of innovation and creation, the method comprises the following steps, and uses the impact drilling in the natural cay substrate in purpose sea area;By connecting assembly, the artificial algal reef of all size and shape is fixed in nature cay substrate.This application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Such as, China Patent Publication No. CN103609424A, publication date on March 25th, 2014, entitled a kind of composite type artificial algal reef of innovation and creation, including becoming algal reef and seedling reef, described one-tenth algal reef includes a solid base, solid base upper surface inlays the metal framework that shapes and sizes are identical with upper surface, shell mesh bag it is provided with in metal framework, a metal stud is inlayed in upper surface center, a steel loop is welded in vertical rod upper end, some Seedling ropes are fixed between metal framework and steel loop, described seedling reef is fastened on into the side of algal reef solid base, with Sargassum seedling on seedling reef.The artificial algal reef of this application case is similarly sinking type algal reef.
Summary of the invention
The first object of the present invention is to overcome artificial algal reef of the prior art mostly to be sinking type algal reef, middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds cannot be utilized, there is provided one can control the algal reef suspension degree of depth, make full use of middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, effectively repair, improve the marine ecology reef of Offshore Ecology environment.
The present invention another object is that on the basis of the first purpose is avoided because wave fluctuation is bigger to imitate so that suspension reefs fluctuates acutely, and causes the marine ecology reef that on algal reef, the Sargassum of attachment is destroyed.
The technical scheme is that
A kind of marine ecology reef includes buoyant device and by connecting rope suspensions algal reef supporter below buoyant device, described algal reef supporter includes the hemispherical bracing frame toward lower recess and some algal reef attachment matrixs being arranged on hemispherical bracing frame, it is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, and in the wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, it being respectively equipped with installing rope, each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame by installing rope respectively.
The algal reef supporter of this programme is suspended in waters by buoyant device, and can control, by the length of regulation connection rope, the degree of depth that algal reef supporter hangs, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, make full use of water area resource, effectively repair, improve Offshore Ecology environment.
As preferably, algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, and algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.Owing to algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, foam concrete not only light weight, and there is substantial amounts of hole;Thus algal reef attachment matrix is advantageous to algae attachment;Further algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells so that it is the coarse holdfast being prone to algae is held, and presses close to ecosystem, makes algae strain be easier to set and breeding.
As preferably, algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame, and on each algal reef attachment matrix, towards the Sargassum seedling being attached with artificial culture on the one side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame.Owing to the algal reef supporter of this programme is the hemispherical bracing frame toward lower recess, and algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame;The hemispherical supporting construction of depression can build metastable subenvironment, and beneficially shellfish algae multiplies and lives, it is also possible to just inoculate corresponding shellfish algae before putting into marine usage and other is biological, contribute to the species abundance that increases sharply.On the other hand, the hemispherical supporting construction of depression can increase the utilization rate that unit seawater surface is long-pending, and algae strain tilts on concave surface or vertical elevation solid set, imitates the growth of the environment of precipitous seabed cay, beneficially Sargassum.
As preferably, buoyant device includes gasbag, central authorities vertical sleeve and centrally disposed vertical sleeve in keep away wave fuze mechanism, the middle part that the vertical sleeve of described central authorities is arranged in gasbag, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and it is positioned at outside gasbag, it is tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities;The vertical sleeve of described central authorities cylindrically, and central vertical sleeve upper/lower terminal close;Described keep away wave fuze mechanism include can along central vertical sleeve slide centrally disposed vertical sleeve along upper piston body, lower piston body, connect the connecting rod of upper and lower two-piston body, be co-axially located at the leading-off rods on lower piston body, on centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and with on the inner vent that gasbag is connected and centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and be positioned at the outer vent above gasbag;On described central authorities vertical sleeve medial surface, being positioned at below lower piston body and be provided with spacing block set, described leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods down extends, and through outside central vertical sleeve lower surface, centrally located vertical sleeve;It is arranged with on described leading-off rods and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against the first compression spring of central vertical sleeve inner top surface;Between described inside and outside two steam vents along central vertical sleeve axially on the spacing being smaller than between upper and lower two-piston body, and when the lower end of piston body is resisted against on spacing block set instantly, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body;When upper piston body is against central vertical sleeve inner top surface, inside and outside two steam vents are respectively positioned between upper and lower two-piston body;Described one end of connection rope is connected with the lower end of leading-off rods, and the other end is connected with algal reef supporter;The buoyancy of described buoyant device is more than the gravity sum of buoyant device with algal reef supporter.
The algal reef supporter of this programme is suspended in waters by buoyant device, and can connect the length of rope by regulation and control the degree of depth that algal reef supporter hangs, and in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, makes full use of water area resource.
On the other hand, in the case of wave is relatively big, 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2~6 meters) such as occur, now under the effect of wave, buoyant device will drive algal reef supporter and the upper and lower big ups and downs of Sargassum thereon, cause the Sargassum of attachment on algal reef supporter to be torn, destruction etc.;And the algal reef of this programme is in the case of wave is relatively big, keep away wave fuze mechanism can the gas part in gasbag be discharged, make the buoyancy gravity sum less than buoyant device with algal reef supporter of buoyant device, buoyant device and algal reef supporter are sunk to seabed, thus it is prevented effectively from because wave fluctuation is bigger, suspension reefs is fluctuated acutely, and causes the Sargassum of attachment on algal reef to be destroyed.
As preferably, in the middle part of algal reef supporter, it is provided with column, on described column, is positioned at algal reef supporter and is arranged over the Chu Shengxiang of upper end open, be placed with lifting rope in this storage rope case, described column is additionally provided with lifting rope self adaptation levitating device;This lifting rope self adaptation levitating device includes ball float, balancing weight, the mounting blocks being arranged on column, contiguous block, the vertical pilot hole being arranged on mounting blocks and be slidably arranged in vertical pilot hole vertically excite bar;Described contiguous block is positioned at above storage rope case, contiguous block is provided with dodges hole, step down breach and paralleling with dodging hole, and through the spacing hole of breach of stepping down, described vertically excite bar to pass to dodge hole, bar is vertically excited to be provided with, lower two limited blocks, on and, lower position block is positioned at contiguous block opposite sides, described lower position block is between contiguous block and mounting blocks, and vertically excite on bar, the second compression spring it is provided with between lower position block and mounting blocks, described upper limit position block is provided with spacing peg, this spacing peg is plugged in spacing hole, and when upper limit position block is resisted against on contiguous block, spacing peg is through stepping down breach;On described algal reef supporter, it is positioned at and vertically excites bar to be arranged right below cable-through hole, below algal reef supporter, be positioned at and vertically excite bar to be arranged right below spacing ring;Described balancing weight is hung on the lower end vertically exciting bar by lanyard, and described lanyard passes cable-through hole and spacing ring, and balancing weight is positioned at below spacing ring;Described ball float is provided with link, and one end of described lifting rope is fixed on link, and the other end is fixed on storage rope bottom portion, and the buoyancy of ball float is more than the gravity of lifting rope.
After algal reef supporter sinks to seabed, the lifting rope self adaptation levitating device of this programme can discharge ball float, and drives lifting rope together to float by ball float;So after wave is decorporated, attendant can easily by lifting rope by buoyant device, algal reef supporter and Sargassum thereon together pull-up, and again in gasbag inflate, make whole algal reef again swim in marine site, thus recover algae field.
As preferably, the connection cable end being connected with algal reef supporter is fixed on the column upper end of algal reef supporter.This programme is conducive to improving the balance of algal reef supporter.
As preferably, mounting blocks is made up of upper and lower two pieces of mounting blocks, and contiguous block is between upper and lower two mounting blocks, and described upper limit position block is between upper mounting blocks and contiguous block, and lower position block is between contiguous block and lower mounting blocks.
As preferably, the top of gasbag is provided with charging connector, and the bottom of gasbag is provided with seal plug in being provided with floss hole, and this floss hole.
As preferably, upper piston body and lower piston body side surface are respectively equipped with sealing ring.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
One, can connect the length of rope by regulation and control the degree of depth that algal reef supporter hangs, in middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, make full use of water area resource, effectively repair, improve Offshore Ecology environment.
They are two years old, it is possible to be prevented effectively from because wave fluctuation is bigger so that suspension reefs fluctuates acutely, and causes the Sargassum of attachment on algal reef to be destroyed.
They are three years old, it is possible to build metastable subenvironment, and beneficially shellfish algae multiplies and lives;And the utilization rate that unit seawater surface is long-pending can be increased, imitate the growth of the environment of precipitous seabed cay, beneficially Sargassum.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of a kind of marine ecology reef of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the algal reef attachment matrix of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of the buoyant device in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 4 at B.
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation of a kind of marine ecology reef of the present invention a certain state in running into Wave Processes.
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of the buoyant device in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that a kind of marine ecology reef of the present invention renders to a kind of actual application behind marine site.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram that a kind of marine ecology reef of the present invention renders to the another kind of actual application behind marine site.
In figure: buoyant device 1;The vertical sleeve 2 of central authorities;Gasbag 3, charging connector 31, floss hole 32;Connect rope 4;Lifting rope self adaptation levitating device 5, lanyard 51, balancing weight 52, upper mounting blocks 53a, lower mounting blocks 53b, vertically excite bar 54, upper limit position block 55, contiguous block 56, lower position block 57, the second compression spring 58, spacing ring 510, ball float 511, spacing peg 512, link 513, breach 514 of stepping down, spacing hole 515;Column 6;Algal reef supporter 7, hemispherical bracing frame 71, algal reef attachment matrix 72, wire rope handling through hole 73;Keep away wave fuze mechanism 8, outer vent 81, upper piston body 82, inner vent 83, connecting rod 84, lower piston body 85, spacing block set 86, the first compression spring 87, leading-off rods 88;Storage rope case 9;Lifting rope 10;Spud pile 11;Pull rope 12;Connect buoyancy aid 13;Anchor line 14;Anchor 15.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of marine ecology reef includes buoyant device 1 and is suspended on the algal reef supporter 7 below buoyant device by connecting rope 4.Algal reef supporter includes the hemispherical bracing frame 71 toward lower recess and some algal reef attachment matrixs 72 being arranged on hemispherical bracing frame.Algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete.Algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.Algal reef attachment matrix is regular polygon, and such as equilateral triangle, square, regular pentagon, regular hexagon etc., the algal reef attachment matrix in the present embodiment is regular hexagon etc..Each algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame.It is respectively equipped with on each algal reef attachment matrix in the wire rope handling through hole on wire rope handling through hole 73, and each algal reef attachment matrix and is respectively equipped with installing rope.Each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame by installing rope respectively;The most each algal reef attachment matrix is bundled by installing rope, is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame respectively.On each algal reef attachment matrix, towards the Sargassum seedling being attached with artificial culture on the one side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4, Figure 5, it is provided with column 6 in the middle part of algal reef supporter.The lower end of column is positioned at the lower section of algal reef supporter, and the upper end of column is positioned at the top of algal reef supporter.On column, it is positioned at algal reef supporter and is arranged over the storage rope case 9 of upper end open.It is placed with lifting rope 10 in this storage rope case.What lifting rope coiled the most in order is placed in storage rope case.Lifting rope is the high intensity rope of lighter weight;Such as, high-strength nylon rope, the regular tenacity of 0.5 millimeter to 2 millimeter or the steel wire etc. of higher-strength;And the surface-coated of this lifting rope has waterproof coating.Lifting rope self adaptation levitating device 5 it is additionally provided with on column.This lifting rope self adaptation levitating device includes ball float 511, balancing weight 52, the mounting blocks being arranged on column, contiguous block 56, the vertical pilot hole that is arranged on mounting blocks and be slidably arranged in vertical pilot hole vertically excite bar 54.Mounting blocks is made up of upper and lower two pieces of mounting blocks 53a, 53b, and contiguous block is between upper and lower two mounting blocks.Contiguous block is positioned at above storage rope case.Contiguous block is provided with dodges hole, step down breach 514 and with dodge the spacing hole 515 paralleled and pass breach of stepping down in hole.Vertically excite bar to pass and dodge hole.Vertically excite bar to be provided with upper and lower two limited blocks 55,57, and upper and lower limited block is positioned at contiguous block opposite sides.Upper limit position block is between upper mounting blocks and contiguous block, and lower position block is between contiguous block and lower mounting blocks.Vertically exciting and be arranged with the second compression spring 58 on bar, between lower position block and mounting blocks, specifically, the second compression spring is between lower position block and lower mounting blocks.Upper limit position block is provided with spacing peg 512.Spacing peg is with vertically to excite bar parallel.This spacing peg is plugged in spacing hole, and when upper limit position block is resisted against on contiguous block, spacing peg is through stepping down breach.On algal reef supporter, it is positioned at and vertically excites bar to be arranged right below cable-through hole.On column, it is positioned at algal reef supporter above and below and is respectively equipped with spacing ring 510, and spacing ring is positioned at and vertically excites immediately below bar.Balancing weight is hung on, by lanyard 51, the lower end vertically exciting bar.Lanyard passes cable-through hole and spacing ring, and balancing weight is positioned at below spacing ring.Ball float is provided with link 513.One end (i.e. upper end) of lifting rope 10 is fixed on link, and the other end (i.e. lower end) is fixed on storage rope bottom portion.The buoyancy of ball float is more than the gravity of lifting rope.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, buoyant device 1 includes gasbag 3, in central vertical sleeve 2 and centrally disposed vertical sleeve keep away wave fuze mechanism 8.The top of gasbag is provided with charging connector 31.The bottom of gasbag is provided with seal plug in being provided with floss hole 32, and this floss hole.The middle part that is arranged in gasbag of the vertical sleeve of central authorities, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and be positioned at outside gasbag.It is tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities.Central authorities vertical sleeve cylindrically, and central vertical sleeve upper/lower terminal close.
Keep away wave fuze mechanism 8 include can along central vertical sleeve slide centrally disposed vertical sleeve along upper piston body 82, lower piston body 85, connect the connecting rod 84 of upper and lower two-piston body, the leading-off rods 88 being co-axially located on lower piston body, on centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and with on the inner vent 83 that gasbag is connected and centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and be positioned at the outer vent 81 above gasbag.Outer vent is through hole.It is respectively equipped with sealing ring on upper piston body and lower piston body side surface.On the vertical sleeve medial surface of central authorities, it is positioned at below lower piston body and is provided with spacing block set 86.Leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods down extends, and passes outside central vertical sleeve lower surface, centrally located vertical sleeve.The lower surface of the vertical sleeve of central authorities is provided with the excessively rod through-hole corresponding with leading-off rods.The lower end of leading-off rods passed below rod through-hole centrally located vertical sleeve.It is arranged with on leading-off rods and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against the first compression spring 87 of central vertical sleeve inner top surface.First compression spring is between lower piston body and central authorities vertical sleeve inner bottom surface, and the upper end of the first compression spring is resisted against on lower piston body, and lower end is resisted against on central vertical sleeve inner bottom surface.Between inside and outside two steam vents along central vertical sleeve axially on the spacing being smaller than between upper and lower two-piston body.Instantly, when the lower end of piston body is resisted against on spacing block set, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body;When upper piston body is against central vertical sleeve inner top surface, inside and outside two steam vents are respectively positioned between upper and lower two-piston body.
The one end connecting rope 4 is connected with the lower end of leading-off rods, and the other end is connected with algal reef supporter;And the connection cable end being connected with algal reef supporter is fixed on the column upper end of algal reef supporter.When algal reef supporter is suspended on below buoyant device, the lower end of lower piston body is resisted against on limited block.The buoyancy of buoyant device is more than the gravity sum of buoyant device with algal reef supporter;Specifically, the buoyancy of buoyant device is more than buoyant device, algal reef supporter, column, Chu Shengxiang, lifting rope and the gravity sum of lifting rope self adaptation levitating device.
The concrete application process of the marine ecology reef of the present invention is as follows:
First, by connecting rope, algal reef supporter is sling;Now, column 6, vertically excite bar 54 to be in vertical state, weight 52 is vertically excited below bar by being hung on of dangling of lanyard 51, and upper limit position block 55 is resisted against on contiguous block 56, and spacing peg 512 is through stepping down breach 514, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 4, Figure 5;
Second, by vertically exciting bar toward pull-up, then link 513 is placed in and steps down in breach;Followed by, release vertically excites bar, and makes spacing peg 512 be hung on spacing peg by link through link, thus is hung on by ball float 511 at spacing peg, as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5;
3rd, as it is shown in figure 1, whole algal reef is transferred in waters, by buoyant device 1 and connection rope 4, algal reef supporter 7 is suspended in waters;And the length of rope can be connected by regulation and control the degree of depth that algal reef supporter hangs, utilize middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds, effectively repair, improve Offshore Ecology environment.Algal reef in the present embodiment is applicable to throw in the marine site that the degree of depth is 20 to 100 meters, and wherein, the length connecting rope is generally between 10 to 50 meters;The length of lifting rope is more than the degree of depth in marine site.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, after the algal reef of the present invention is transferred in waters, in the case of tranquil sea (wave is less), under the action of gravity of algal reef supporter 7, connect rope be in exceptionally straight state, now, the gravity of algal reef supporter 7 will be applied on upper and lower piston body 82,85 by connecting rope 4, thus overcome the reset force of the first compression spring 87, make the lower end of lower piston body be resisted against on limited block 86;Now, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body;Gas in gasbag 3 will not be got rid of, thus ensures that the algal reef of the present invention is suspended in marine site, utilizes middle level, waters, at the middle and upper levels or middle lower floor breeds.
As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, run into wave relatively big in the case of, 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2~6 meters) such as occur;Owing to buoyant device 1 is floating across the sea, buoyant device will fluctuate the most up and down with the fluctuation of wave;When buoyant device up moves with the fluctuation of wave, buoyant device will drive algal reef supporter 7 the most up to move by connecting rope 4;When buoyant device up moves to extreme higher position with wave, and toward when moving down with wave, algal reef supporter 7 is very possible under effect of inertia also will be moved in continuation, until algal reef supporter peaks (in the segment distance that buoyant device down floats with wave, algal reef supporter all may persistently upper move, so spacing between buoyant device 1 with algal reef supporter 7 will be less than the length being connected rope 4, and the fluctuating margin of the spacing between the biggest buoyant device of wave and algal reef supporter can be the biggest);Thus the gravity of algal reef supporter 7 cannot be applied on upper and lower piston body by connecting rope 4 in this process, upper and lower piston body 82,85 now will be promoted under the effect of the first compression spring 87 up to move, when inside and outside two steam vents 81,83 are respectively positioned between upper and lower two-piston body, portion gas in gasbag 3 will be discharged by inside and outside two steam vents, make the buoyancy gravity sum less than buoyant device with algal reef supporter of buoyant device;Now, buoyant device 1 and algal reef supporter 7 will sink to seabed, thus be prevented effectively from because wave fluctuation is bigger so that suspension reefs fluctuates acutely, and causes the Sargassum of attachment on algal reef to be destroyed.
The algal reef of the present invention is after the lower end of lower piston body is resisted against on spacing block set, the spacing size between outer vent and upper piston body now by decision this programme algal reef when running into great wave, keep away wave fuze mechanism can be discharged by the portion gas in gasbag, make buoyant device sink with algal reef supporter.As shown in Figure 3, after the lower end of lower piston body 85 is resisted against on spacing block set 86, spacing between outer vent 83 and upper piston body 82 is the biggest, then the time needed for " the first compression spring 87 promotes upper and lower piston body up to move, until inside and outside two steam vents are respectively positioned between upper and lower two-piston body " this process is the longest;This spacing being accomplished by between buoyant device with algal reef supporter has sufficiently large fluctuating margin (difference of the spacing being i.e. connected between the length of rope and buoyant device and algal reef supporter is sufficiently large);Thus after the lower end of lower piston body is resisted against on spacing block set, the spacing between outer vent and upper piston body is the biggest, then needs the biggest wave fluctuating margin can make to keep away wave fuze mechanism and the portion gas in gasbag is discharged.
When running into little wave, although the spacing between buoyant device with algal reef supporter may now fluctuate (i.e. the spacing between buoyant device with algal reef supporter is by less than the length being connected rope), the first compression spring is made to promote, lower piston body up moves, but when upper piston body the most up crosses outer vent, (outer vent is also not at for it, between two lower piston bodies), algal reef supporter has sunk, the gravity of algal reef supporter will be applied to again through connecting rope, on lower piston body, overcome the reset force of the first compression spring, make, lower piston body moves down, that is when running into little wave, it is not enough so that keeping away wave fuze mechanism and being discharged by the portion gas in gasbag;Thus after the lower end of lower piston body is resisted against on spacing block set, this programme can determine that by controlling the spacing size between outer vent and upper piston body this programme algal reef, when running into great wave, is kept away wave fuze mechanism and can be discharged by the portion gas in gasbag;Buoyant device is made to sink with algal reef supporter.In general when running into 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2~6 meters), algal reef supporter will produce violent fluctuating, and causes the Sargassum of attachment on algal reef supporter to be destroyed;Thus when running into 5 grades of billows, 6 grades of billow (wave height 2~6 meters), the wave fuze mechanism of keeping away of this programme can be by the portion gas discharge in gasbag;Buoyant device is made to sink with algal reef supporter.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 4, Figure 5, after algal reef supporter 7 sinks to seabed, the balancing weight 51 of lifting rope self adaptation levitating device 5 is also placed in seabed, the most vertically excites bar will up move until lower position block is resisted against on contiguous block under the second compression spring effect;The most spacing peg is positioned at above breach of stepping down, and link 513 breaks off relations, i.e. link departs from spacing peg, thus discharges ball float 511, and now drive lifting rope is together floated by ball float;So after wave is decorporated, attendant can easily by lifting rope by buoyant device, algal reef supporter and Sargassum thereon together pull-up, and again in gasbag inflate, make whole algal reef again swim in marine site, thus recover algae field.
As shown in Figure 8, after the algal reef of the present invention is transferred in waters, can respectively by pull rope 12 by each algal reef of the present invention be preset in marine site in or the spud pile 11 of near shore be connected;Pull rope one end sleeve connection vertical with the central authorities being positioned at below gasbag, the other end is connected with spud pile.Some buoyant spheres it are evenly distributed with on pull rope.Spud pile be fixed on marine site in or the spud pile of near shore.Spud pile can be with each algal reef one_to_one corresponding, it is possible to some each algal reefs are corresponding with a spud pile;
As it is shown in figure 9, after the algal reef of the present invention is transferred in waters, it is also possible to by sinker formula method, the algal reef of the present invention is limited in a certain marine site.This sinker formula method includes floating connection buoyancy aid 13 across the sea, anchor 15, anchor line 14 and pull rope 12;Wherein anchor sinks to seabed, and anchor line connects anchor and is connected buoyancy aid;Pull rope one end is connected with being connected buoyancy aid, other end sleeve connection vertical with the central authorities being positioned at below gasbag.
After the algal reef of the present invention is transferred in waters, it is also possible to by another kind of sinker formula method, the algal reef of the present invention is limited in a certain marine site;Will be fixed on bottom algal reef supporter or be fixed in the vertical cartridges sides of the central authorities below gasbag by anchor line, and anchor is sunk to seabed, and the length of anchor line is more than the spacing of algal reef supporter with seabed.

Claims (8)

1. a marine ecology reef, it is characterized in that, it is suspended on the algal reef supporter (7) below buoyant device including buoyant device (1) and by connecting rope (4), described algal reef supporter includes the hemispherical bracing frame (71) toward lower recess and some algal reefs attachment matrix (72) being arranged on hemispherical bracing frame, it is respectively equipped with wire rope handling through hole (73) on each algal reef attachment matrix, and in the wire rope handling through hole on each algal reef attachment matrix, it being respectively equipped with installing rope, each algal reef attachment matrix is fixed on hemispherical bracing frame by installing rope respectively;
Described buoyant device includes gasbag (3), central authorities vertical sleeve (2) and centrally disposed vertical sleeve in keep away wave fuze mechanism (8), the middle part that the vertical sleeve of described central authorities is arranged in gasbag, and the two ends up and down of central vertical sleeve are each passed through gasbag, and it is positioned at outside gasbag, it is tightly connected between the lateral surface of the vertical sleeve of gasbag and central authorities;The vertical sleeve of described central authorities cylindrically, and central vertical sleeve upper/lower terminal close;Described keep away wave fuze mechanism include can along central vertical sleeve slide centrally disposed vertical sleeve along upper piston body (82), lower piston body (85), connect the connecting rod (84) of upper and lower two-piston body, the leading-off rods (88) being co-axially located on lower piston body, on centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and with on the inner vent (83) that gasbag is connected and centrally disposed vertical sleeve medial surface and be positioned at the outer vent (81) above gasbag;On described central authorities vertical sleeve medial surface, being positioned at below lower piston body and be provided with spacing block set (86), described leading-off rods is positioned at below lower piston body, and the lower end of leading-off rods down extends, and through outside central vertical sleeve lower surface, centrally located vertical sleeve;It is arranged with on described leading-off rods and upper and lower two-piston body can be made up to move and make upper piston body against first compression spring (87) of central vertical sleeve inner top surface;Between described inside and outside two steam vents along central vertical sleeve axially on the spacing being smaller than between upper and lower two-piston body, and when the lower end of piston body is resisted against on spacing block set instantly, inner vent is between upper and lower two-piston body, and outer vent is positioned at above upper piston body;When upper piston body is against central vertical sleeve inner top surface, inside and outside two steam vents are respectively positioned between upper and lower two-piston body;Described one end of connection rope is connected with the lower end of leading-off rods, and the other end is connected with algal reef supporter;The buoyancy of described buoyant device is more than the gravity sum of buoyant device with algal reef supporter.
A kind of marine ecology reef the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described algal reef attachment matrix is made up of foam concrete, and algal reef attachment matrix surface inserting has some shells.
A kind of marine ecology reef the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described algal reef attachment matrix is evenly distributed on the medial surface of hemispherical bracing frame, and on each algal reef attachment matrix, towards the Sargassum seedling being attached with artificial culture on the one side at the center of hemispherical bracing frame.
A kind of marine ecology reef the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that, being provided with column (6) in the middle part of described algal reef supporter, the lower end of column is positioned at the lower section of algal reef supporter, and the upper end of column is positioned at the top of algal reef supporter;On described column, it is positioned at algal reef supporter and is arranged over the Chu Shengxiang (9) of upper end open, be placed with lifting rope (10) in this storage rope case, described column is additionally provided with lifting rope self adaptation levitating device (5);
This lifting rope self adaptation levitating device includes ball float (511), balancing weight (52), the mounting blocks being arranged on column, contiguous block (56), the vertical pilot hole being arranged on mounting blocks and be slidably arranged in vertical pilot hole vertically excite bar (54);Described contiguous block is positioned at above storage rope case, contiguous block is provided with dodges hole, step down breach (514) and paralleling with dodging hole, and through the spacing hole (515) of breach of stepping down, described vertically excite bar to pass to dodge hole, bar is vertically excited to be provided with, lower two limited blocks (55, 57), on and, lower position block is positioned at contiguous block opposite sides, described lower position block is between contiguous block and mounting blocks, and vertically excite on bar, the second compression spring (78) it is provided with between lower position block and mounting blocks, described upper limit position block is provided with spacing peg (512), this spacing peg is plugged in spacing hole, and when upper limit position block is resisted against on contiguous block, spacing peg is through stepping down breach;On described algal reef supporter, it is positioned at and vertically excites bar to be arranged right below cable-through hole, on column, be positioned at below algal reef supporter and be provided with spacing ring, and spacing ring is positioned at and vertically excites immediately below bar;Described balancing weight is hung on, by lanyard (51), the lower end vertically exciting bar, and described lanyard passes cable-through hole and spacing ring, and balancing weight is positioned at below the first spacing ring;Described ball float is provided with link, and one end of described lifting rope is fixed on link, and the other end is fixed on storage rope bottom portion, and the buoyancy of ball float is more than the gravity of lifting rope.
A kind of marine ecology reef the most according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the connection cable end being connected with algal reef supporter is fixed on the column upper end of algal reef supporter.
A kind of marine ecology reef the most according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described mounting blocks is made up of upper and lower two pieces of mounting blocks (53a, 53b), and contiguous block is between upper and lower two mounting blocks, described upper limit position block is between upper mounting blocks and contiguous block, and lower position block is between contiguous block and lower mounting blocks;Described second compression spring is between lower position block and lower mounting blocks.
7. according to a kind of marine ecology reef described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, the top of described gasbag is provided with charging connector, and the bottom of gasbag is provided with seal plug in being provided with floss hole, and this floss hole.
8., according to a kind of marine ecology reef described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described upper piston body and lower piston body side surface are respectively equipped with sealing ring.
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CN111296325B (en) * 2019-12-26 2021-08-20 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Bottom sinking type cuttlefish egg attaching device
CN111296326B (en) * 2019-12-26 2021-08-20 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Bionic egg attaching device for attaching cuttlefish eggs
AU2021273186A1 (en) * 2020-05-11 2022-12-15 Running Tide Technologies, Inc. Systems and methods for the cultivation of target product

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